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anemia in the elderly

Makoto Miura, Akiko Kuwahara, Akinori Tomozawa, Naoki Omae, Motohiro Yamamori, Kaori Kadoyama, Toshiyuki Sakaeda
Objectives: A retrospective examination was conducted to identify risk factors for in-hospital mortality of elderly patients (65 years or older) treated with the beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combination antibiotic, ampicillin/sulbactam (ABPC/SBT). Methods: Clinical data from 96 patients who were hospitalized with infectious diseases and treated with ABPC/SBT (9 g/day or 12 g/day) were analyzed. Risk factors examined included demographic and clinical laboratory parameters. Parameter values prior to treatment and changes after treatment were compared between survivors and non-survivors...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Naoshi Nishida, Masashi Kono, Tomohiro Minami, Hirokazu Chishina, Tadaaki Arizumi, Masahiro Takita, Norihisa Yada, Hiroshi Ida, Satoru Hagiwara, Yasunori Minami, Kazuomi Ueshima, Tashiharu Sakurai, Masatoshi Kudo
BACKGROUND: An interferon-free regimen including sofosbuvir and ribavirin (RBV) for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 (G2) infection leads to a drastic improvement of sustained virological response (SVR). However, the safety, tolerability, and efficacy in patients aged 75 or older have not been completely understood. SUMMARY: Fifty-six patients with HCV G2 infection who were treated with sofosbuvir and weight-based dose of RBV were enrolled. Thirty-seven patients aged ≥75 and 19 patients aged ≤74 were classified as the aged and non-aged groups, respectively...
2016: Digestive Diseases
Nicolas Faller, Andreas Limacher, Marie Méan, Marc Righini, Markus Aschwanden, Jürg Hans Beer, Beat Frauchiger, Josef Osterwalder, Nils Kucher, Bernhard Lämmle, Jacques Cornuz, Anne Angelillo-Scherrer, Christian M Matter, Marc Husmann, Martin Banyai, Daniel Staub, Lucia Mazzolai, Olivier Hugli, Nicolas Rodondi, Drahomir Aujesky
BACKGROUND: Long-term predictors and causes of death are understudied in elderly patients with acute venous thromboembolism. METHODS: We prospectively followed-up 991 patients aged ≥65 years with acute venous thromboembolism in a multicenter Swiss cohort study. The primary outcome was overall mortality. We explored the association between patient baseline characteristics and mortality, adjusting for other baseline variables and periods of anticoagulation as a time-varying co-variate...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Yu-Liang Zhan, Bin Zou, Ting Kang, Ling-Bing Xiong, Jin Zou, Yun-Feng Wei
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that increased red cell distribution width (RDW) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) were both poor prognostic factors for patients with cardiovascular diseases. Recently, the multiplicative interaction between RDW and MCV has been observed for predicting mortality in elderly patients without anemia; however, the relationship between the product of RDW-MCV and hypertension-induced target organ damage (TOD) has not been evaluated. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study in 1115 hypertensive patients...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Harlan M Krumholz, Angela Hsieh, Rachel P Dreyer, John Welsh, Nihar R Desai, Kumar Dharmarajan
BACKGROUND: The risk of rehospitalization is elevated in the immediate post-discharge period and declines over time. It is not known if the extent and timing of risk vary across readmission diagnoses, suggesting that recovery and vulnerability after discharge differ by physiologic system. OBJECTIVE: We compared risk trajectories for major readmission diagnoses in the year after discharge among all Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries hospitalized with heart failure (HF), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), or pneumonia from 2008-2010...
2016: PloS One
Anna Cichocka-Radwan, Małgorzata Lelonek
BACKGROUND: In the elderly the most common cause of hospitalization and the leading cause of death is heart failure. AIM: The purpose was to determine prognostic factors in chronic heart failure (CHF) in octogenarians and nonagenarians. METHODS: The analysis included 197 consecutive patients older than 80 years old (mean age 83.63+3.01 years; 46.19% of men) hospitalized in 2010-2013 in the Department of Cardiology due to CHF. Sixty two parameters were investigated such as: age, gender, NYHA functional class, body mass index, blood pressure, other comorbidities, the parameters of the 12-lead resting ECG and the echocardiography, the results of basic laboratory tests and selected biomarkers, including N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitive troponin T (hs-TnT), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)...
October 7, 2016: Kardiologia Polska
Claire Schonheit, Hélène Le Petitcorps, Éric Pautas
: Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are widely prescribed, particularly in elderly patients, and their side effects are underestimated. Recommendations of the french health authorities, some specific to the elderly, specify their indications. The main objective of this descriptive and prospective study was to assess in elderly patients the adequacy of PPI prescriptions to these recommendations and to the marketing authorization. METHODS: Analysis of all patients hospitalized in an acute geriatric unit over a period of 2 years for which the drug prescription on admission included a PPI...
September 29, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
Xiaoming Yuan, Guangrong Zhou, Yan He, Aiwen Feng
BACKGROUND: Epithelial dysplasia and adenomatous polyps of colorectum are precancerous lesions. Surgical removal is still one of the important treatment approaches for colorectal polyps. CASE PRESENTATION: A male patient over 78 years was admitted due to bloody stool and abdominal pain. Colonoscopic biopsy showed a high-grade epithelial dysplasia in an adenomatous polyp of sigmoid colon. Anemia, COPD, ischemic heart disease (IHD), arrhythmias, and hypoproteinemia were comorbidities...
September 26, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Mark D Danese, Robert I Griffiths, Michelle L Gleeson, Tapashi Dalvi, Jingyi Li, Joseph R Mikhael, Robert Deeter, Martin Dreyling
Using SEER-Medicare linked data we identified elderly patients diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) between January 2000 and December 2007 who received second-line outpatient chemotherapy for relapsed or refractory disease. Second-line regimens were classified into three mutually exclusive groups: aggressive, conventional, and palliative. Of the 632 (426 relapsed, 206 refractory) patients in the cohort, 27.8% received aggressive second-line therapy, 39.1% received conventional therapy, and 33...
September 23, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Ehimwenma J Ogbemudia, John Asekhame
OBJECTIVES: To determine the burden of preventable rehospitalization for decompensated heart failure in the elderly.  METHODS: This was a retrospective study performed in a Nigerian University Teaching Hospital,.   Demographic variables, etiology, and participants of heart failure were retrieved from data of elderly patients with heart failure admitted between January 2014 and December 2015. The participants were classified and described as either preventable, or unpreventable to determine whether the hospitalizations were preventable or not...
October 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Wanda Liguigli, Gianluca Tomasello, Laura Toppo, Rossana Poli, Silvia Lazzarelli, Federica Negri, Bruno Perrucci, Alessandra Curti, Matteo Brighenti, Gianvito Donati, Morena Nazzari, Mario Martinotti, Marco Vismarra, Massimo Rovatti, Rodolfo Passalacqua
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dose-dense TCF in elderly (≥65 years) compared to younger patients. METHODS: Safety and efficacy data relative to 119 consecutive patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer treated at our institution and enrolled in different phase II trials were retrospectively collected. All patients were treatment-naive and received docetaxel 70 mg/m2 day 1, cisplatin 60 mg/m2 day 1, l-folinic acid 100 mg/m2 days 1-2, followed by 5-fluorouracil 400 mg/m2 bolus days 1-2, and then 600 mg/m2 as a 22-hour continuous infusion days 1-2, every 14 days, plus pegfilgrastim 6 mg on day 3...
August 23, 2016: Tumori
Emanuelle Cruz da Silva, Anna Karla Carneiro Roriz, Michaela Eickemberg, Adriana Lima Mello, Elvira Barbosa Quadros Côrtes, Caroline Alves Feitosa, Jairza Maria Barreto Medeiros, Lílian Barbosa Ramos
As a common problem in long-term care facilities (LTCFs), anemia affects 25-63% of the elderly. The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence and characteristics of anemia and its associated factors in the institutionalized elderly. The cross-sectional study was carried out with three hundred thirteen individuals aged ≥ 60 years, of both genders, living in long-term care facilities for the elderly in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Poisson regression (PR) with robust variance estimates was used to assess the factors related to anemia...
2016: PloS One
Alon Grossman, Anat Gafter-Gvili, Hemda Schmilovitz-Weiss, Nira Koren-Morag, Yichayaou Beloosesky, Avraham Weiss
BACKGROUND: Glycated hemoglobin (HgbA1C) is being increasingly used for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus due to its high availability and reproducibility. Several studies have shown that HgbA1C levels may be affected by levels of hemoglobin and nutritional factors associated with anemia, such as vitamin B12 and iron deficiency. However, none included elderly subjects. The aim of the present study was to investigate these effects in the older nondiabetic population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study design was used...
September 1, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Qi Zeng, Jie Wang, Xing Lv, Jie Li, Li-Jie Yin, Yan-Qun Xiang, Xiang Guo
BACKGROUND: To date, no guideline is proposed for elderly nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) due to lack of prospective clinical trials. The present study comparing the survivals and toxicities in elderly NPC patients received either induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy(IC + RT) or concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) was therefore undertaken to provide a more accurate basis for future clinical practice. METHODS: The eligible elderly NPC patients were retrospectively enrolled...
2016: BMC Cancer
Alvin W Su, Shuai-Chun Lin, A Noelle Larson
Perioperative vision loss is a rare complication of orthopaedic surgery and has been documented after spine, knee, hip, and shoulder procedures. It is associated with several ophthalmologic diagnoses, most commonly ischemic optic neuropathy. Although the pathophysiology remains unclear, current evidence suggests that systemic hemodynamic compromise and altered balance of intraocular perfusion contribute to the development of ischemic optic neuropathy. Although vision recovery has been reported, the prognosis of perioperative vision loss is poor, and no proven effective treatment is available...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Samuel Fernandes, Ana Rita Gonçalves, Luís Araújo Correia
A 73-year-old man was admitted to our clinic with sudden left quadrant abdominal pain and hematochezia. There was no history of trauma. He denied other symptoms or taking off-the-counter medication. His medical history was relevant for ischemic and aortic-mitral valve disease with prosthetic valves for which he was medicated with aspirin and warfarin. On physical examination the patient presented normal vital signs with tenderness on palpation of the left side of the abdomen. Laboratory tests revealed moderate anemia (10...
August 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Shibin Wang, Bo Li, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Changgui Kou, Yawen Liu, Yuchun Tao, Yanhua Wu, Yingli Fu, Yue Qi, Yaqin Yu, Yu-Tao Xiang
OBJECTIVE: Although poor mental health is associated with significant personal and societal burden, it is rarely reported in older Chinese populations. This study examined the mental health status of a large representative sample of Chinese elderly in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and chronic diseases. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. A total of 4115 people aged between 60 and 79 years were selected and interviewed with standardized assessment tools...
October 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Erika Bisgaard, Michael Tarakji, Frank Lau, Adam Riker
Skin cancer remains the most common cancer worldwide, and basal cell carcinoma represents the largest portion of non-melanomatous skin cancers with over 3 million cases diagnosed annually. Locally advanced disease is frequently seen in the elderly posing clinical challenges regarding proper treatment.We report on an 86-year-old female presenting with fatigue, anemia and a large ulcerated skin lesion along the right upper back. A biopsy of the lesion revealed a basosquamous cell carcinoma. She underwent a wide local excision with complex wound reconstruction...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Katelin B Nickel, Anna E Wallace, David K Warren, Kelly E Ball, Daniel Mines, Victoria J Fraser, Margaret A Olsen
BACKGROUND: Accurate identification of underlying health conditions is important to fully adjust for confounders in studies using insurer claims data. Our objective was to evaluate the ability of four modifications to a standard claims-based measure to estimate the prevalence of select comorbid conditions compared with national prevalence estimates. METHODS: In a cohort of 11,973 privately insured women aged 18-64 years with mastectomy from 1/04-12/11 in the HealthCore Integrated Research Database, we identified diabetes, hypertension, deficiency anemia, smoking, and obesity from inpatient and outpatient claims for the year prior to surgery using four different algorithms...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Kittichet Phiphatpatthamaamphan, RathaKorn Vilaichone
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is one of the major health problems worldwide. However, limited studies have been reported from ASEAN countries. This study was conducted to evaluate clinical characteristics and survival of colorectal cancer cases aged <65 years and ≥65 years in the central region of Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical information, histological features, endoscopic findings and treatment outcome were collected and reviewed from Thammasat University Hospital, Pathumthani, Thailand between November 2011 and October 2015...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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