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Deep venous thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527240/recurrent-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-the-first-venous-thromboembolism-event-a-single-institution-experience
#1
Mohammad Asim, Hassan Al-Thani, Ayman El-Menyar
BACKGROUND We investigated the frequency, clinical presentation, risk factors, and outcome after the first deep vein thrombosis (DVT) event. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective study was conducted for patients with DVT between 2008 and 2012 with a 1-year follow-up. Patients were divided into 2 groups: single vs. recurrent DVT (RDVT). RESULTS Of the 6420 patients screened for DVT, 662 (10.3%) had DVT. RDVT constituted 22% of cases. A single event was more frequent in left lower limb DVT (p=0.01), while RDVT cases had more bilateral DVT (p=0...
May 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524824/iliac-vein-compression-syndrome-in-an-asymptomatic-patient-population-a-prospective-study
#2
Long Cheng, Hui Zhao, Fu-Xian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) is an important cause of deep vein thrombosis, but the incidence of IVCS is still unclear. The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the incidence of IVCS in an asymptomatic patient population and to evaluate the risk factors in patients with and without IVCS. METHODS: From October 2011 to November 2012, a total of 500 patients (228 women and 272 men; mean age of 55.4 ± 14.7 years) with no vascular-related symptoms were enrolled in this study...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521705/thalidomide-induced-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-a-case-of-steroid-dependent-erythema-nodosum-leprosum-a-management-conundrum
#3
Upinder Kaur, Sankha Shubhra Chakrabarti, Indrajeet Singh Gambhir, Rohit Singh
Thalidomide, previously banned owing to the issues of teratogenicity is being used and tested for a variety of dermatological and non dermatological conditions. The drug has been approved for the management of ENL and Multiple myeloma. The drug is commonly known to produce adverse effects like peripheral neuropathy and constipation. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is one of the serious adverse effects seen with thalidomide use, especially in malignancies and is relatively uncommon in non cancer settings like ENL...
May 18, 2017: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516316/venous-thromboembolism-after-nephrectomy-incidence-timing-and-associated-risk-factors-from-a-national-multi-institutional-database
#4
Brian J Jordan, Richard S Matulewicz, Brian Trihn, Shilajit Kundu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after nephrectomy with specific focus on event timing and location (before or after hospital discharge) in order to identify modifiable risk factors and establish benchmarks for preventive interventions. METHODS: Using the ACS-NSQIP database, we identified patients undergoing nephrectomy from 2006 to 2012. Patients were analyzed in two cohorts: collectively and by surgical approach [open vs. lap/robotic (MIS)]...
May 17, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515593/role-of-penumbra-mechanical-thrombectomy-device-in-acute-dural-sinus-thrombosis
#5
Suraj Mammen, Shyamkumar Nidugala Keshava, Vinu Moses, Sanjith Aaron, Munawwar Ahmed, George K Chiramel, Sunithi E Mani, Mathew Alexander
BACKGROUND: In dural venous sinus thrombosis (DVST), the mortality ranges 5-30%. Deep venous system involvement and septic dural sinus thrombosis have a higher mortality rate. In acute occlusion, collateral flow may not be established, which may result in significant edema and mass effect. Endovascular interventions may be considered as a treatment option in appropriate high-risk patients with DVST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-confirmed dural sinus thrombosis, who did not respond to the conventional standard medical treatment, were subsequently treated with mechanical thrombectomy using the Penumbra System(®)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511477/inferior-vena-cava-agenesis-a-rare-cause-of-pelvic-congestion-syndrome
#6
Satyendra Narayan Singh, Trilok C Bhatt
Complete absence of Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) is a rare anomaly with a reported incidence of 0.0005% to 1%. This is often asymptomatic with incidental detection during cross-sectional imaging. It may also present with deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary thromboembolism or compressive symptoms in form of nerve root compression. Pelvic Congestion Syndrome (PCS) is an increasingly recognized entity with well laid out diagnostic criteria and evolving management protocols. Complete absence of IVC is a rare cause of pelvic congestion syndrome...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508973/phlegmasia-cerulean-dolens-complication-of-femoral-vein-catheterization
#7
M Hari Krishna Reddy, B Sangeetha, M Aruna, V Sarat Chandra, Anil C Venkata Kumar, R Ram, V Sivakumar
There are three less frequent manifestations of acute massive venous thrombosis and obstruction of the venous drainage of an extremity. They are phlegmasia alba dolens, phlegmasia cerulean dolens (PCD), and venous gangrene. The term PCD differentiates ischemia-associated massive venous thrombosis from phlegmasia alba dolens, which describes fulminant venous thrombosis without ischemia. We present a 55-year-old hypertensive, who presented with paedal oedema and breathlessness at rest. About a month prior to this admission, she suffered dislocation of left patella...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507633/deep-vein-thrombosis-in-upper-limb-in-a-weightlifter
#8
Montserrat Pérez Pinar, Regina Pastor Toledo, Luis Broseta Viana, Julián Solís García Del Pozo
AIM: We report an unusual case of a male weightlifter with upper extremity venous thrombosis. CASE PRESENTATION: Thrombosis affecting subclavian-axillo-humeral venous trunk produced by the compression of these veins by the trained muscles of the shoulder girdle (Paget-Schroetter syndrome) has been reported. During the study, a renal carcinoma was detected. Renal carcinoma has rarely been associated with thrombosis in the upper extremities. CONCLUSION: This case shows the importance of performing a complete study to rule out malignancies in patients with unusual venous thromboembolism...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504019/midterm-outcomes-of-pharmacomechanical-thrombectomy-in-the-treatment-of-lower-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-with-a-rotational-thrombectomy-device
#9
Ahmet Yuksel, Oktay Tuydes
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy with midterm outcomes of pharmacomechanical thrombectomy (PMT) performed by using a relatively new thrombectomy device in the treatment of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). METHODS: Between February 2014 and February 2016, a total of 46 patients with lower extremity DVT were treated with PMT by using Cleaner rotational thrombectomy system. Preprocedural, intraprocedural, postprocedural, and follow-up records of patients were collected and retrospectively analyzed...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503700/venous-ultrasonography-findings-and-clinical-correlations-in-104-thai-patients-with-chronic-venous-insufficiency-of-the-legs
#10
Burapa Kanchanabat, Waigoon Stapanavatr
INTRODUCTION: The pattern of venous reflux in Thai patients with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) was studied in correlation with clinical manifestations. METHODS: Ultrasonography findings and clinical data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: CVI was found in 104 legs of 79 patients (mean age 59.8 ± 12.5 years; C4: 24.1%, C5: 8.9%; C6: 67.1%). Among 104 legs, 6.7% had history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)...
May 15, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501899/is-there-a-july-effect-in-pediatric-neurosurgery
#11
Yimo Lin, Rory R Mayer, Terence Verla, Jeffrey S Raskin, Sandi Lam
PURPOSE: The belief that July, when resident physicians' training year begins, may be associated with increased risk of patient morbidity and mortality is known as the "July effect." This study aimed to compare complication rates after pediatric neurosurgical procedures in the first versus last academic quarters in two national datasets. METHODS: Data were extracted from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatrics (NSQIP-P) database for year 2012 for 30-day complication events and the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) for year 2012 for in-hospital complication events after pediatric neurosurgical procedures...
May 13, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501666/an-unexpectedly-high-rate-of-thrombophilia-disorders-in-patients-with-superficial-vein-thrombosis-of-the-lower-extremities
#12
Marcone Lima Sobreira, Silvia Regina Rogatto, Rodrigo Mattos Dos Santos, Izolete Thomazini Santos, Iracema Carvalho Ferrari, Winston Bonetti Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Superficial vein thrombosis is a common venous condition. Recent studies have shown that SVT is associated with high frequency of thromboembolic complications: from 22 to 37 % for deep venous thrombosis and up to 33% for pulmonary embolism. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of major hereditary and acquired thrombophilic factors in patients with SVT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 66 patients presenting with primary ST underwent evaluation for thrombophilia: molecular testing for the factor V Leiden and factor II G20210A (prothrombin) mutations, protein C, protein S, antithrombin deficiency, presence of lupus anticoagulant, as well as anti-cardiolipin antibody titers...
May 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493173/idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathy-and-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-a-meta-analysis
#13
Young Ho Lee, Gwan Gyu Song
This study aimed at analyzing published data on the association between idiopathic inflammatory myopathy and venous thromboembolism (VTE). We examined studies on VTE risk in patients with polymyositis (PM) and/or dermatomyositis (DM), in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases and via manual searches. We performed a meta-analysis on the relative risks (RRs) of VTE, pulmonary embolism (PE), and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in these patients. Five studies, including 8858 patients with PM/DM met the inclusion criteria...
May 10, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492876/pulmonary-embolism-and-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-patients-hospitalized-with-syncope-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study-in-toronto-ontario-canada
#14
Amol A Verma, Hassan Masoom, Shail Rawal, Yishan Guo, Fahad Razak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492861/vena-cava-filter-use-in-trauma-and-rates-of-pulmonary-embolism-2003-2015
#15
Alan D Cook, Brian W Gross, Turner M Osler, Katelyn J Rittenhouse, Eric H Bradburn, Steven R Shackford, Frederick B Rogers
Importance: Vena cava filter (VCF) placement for pulmonary embolism (PE) prophylaxis in trauma is controversial. Limited research exists detailing trends in VCF use and occurrence of PE over time. Objective: To analyze state and nationwide temporal trends in VCF placement and PE occurrence from 2003 to 2015 using available data sets. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective trauma cohort study was conducted using data from the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcome Study (PTOS) (461 974 patients from 2003 to 2015), the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) (5 755 095 patients from 2003 to 2014), and the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) (24 449 476 patients from 2003 to 2013) databases...
May 10, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491171/transverse-mobility-of-pelvic-kidney-causing-left-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis
#16
Christopher P Vittore, Robert A Murray
A case of May-Thurner-like syndrome was found to be a result of a pelvic kidney compressing the left common iliac vein. Cross-sectional imaging demonstrated transverse mobility of the pelvic kidney which has not been described previously. The ectopic kidney's mobility resulted in intermittent venous compression. In a patient with recurrent lower extremity deep venous thrombosis and a pelvic kidney, the possibility of movement of the kidney resulting in venous compression needs to be considered.
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490479/cystic-adventitial-disease-of-the-common-femoral-vein
#17
Emma Howard, Ruth Benson, Christopher Day, Brian Gwynn
We present the case of a 46-year-old commercial pilot with a history of unilateral leg swelling following a flight to Geneva. Although initial clinical examination suggested a deep vein thrombosis, the swelling only partially resolved with anticoagulation and further imaging suggested the presence of adventitial cystic disease (ACD). The patient underwent initial anticoagulation to allow any thrombus to be lysed, followed by excision of the ACD from the venous wall and venous reconstruction. Following the excision of the ACD, providing the patient remains asymptomatic and further imaging finds normal venous anatomy, we hope the patient will discontinue anticoagulation and return to flying...
May 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486218/design-of-a-hifu-array-for-the-treatment-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-a-simulation-study
#18
Petr Smirnov, Kullervo Hynynen
Deep Venous Thrombosis of the iliofemoral veins is a common and morbid disease, with the recommended interventional treatment carrying a high risk of hemorrhaging and complications. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound delivered with a single element transducer has been shown to successfully precipitate thrombolysis non-invasively in vitro and in vivo. However, in all previous studies damage to the veins or surrounding tissue has been observed. Using a simulation model of the human thigh, this study investigated whether a phased array device could overcome the large focal region limitations faced by single transducer treatment devices...
May 9, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483615/severe-mesenteric-ischemia-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#19
Andrea Padricelli, Anna Maria Giribono, Doriana Ferrara, Flavia Spalla, Umberto Bracale, Luca Del Guercio, Giuseppe Servillo, Carlo Ruotolo, Umberto Marcello Bracale
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), either primary or secondary form, is considered an autoimmune disease with presence of at least one clinical and one laboratory abnormalities as defined by The Sydney criteria. Clinical criteria include vascular thrombosis of venous, artery, small vessel in any organ and recurrent pregnancy pathologies. Mesenteric ischemia is a rare and threatening manifestation of APS. We herein report a case of 34-years old pregnant woman referred to our Emergency Room with thoracic and abdominal acute pain...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480183/anatomic-and-clinical-risk-factors-for-pulmonary-embolism-in-patients-with-deep-venous-thrombosis-of-the-lower-extremity
#20
Bomina Paik, Jin Hyun Joh, Ho-Chul Park
PURPOSE: Iliac vein compression is a known culprit of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). In contrast, the compression may prevent the pulmonary embolism (PE). The aim of this study was to evaluate the anatomic and clinical risk factors of PE in patients with lower extremity DVT. METHODS: PE was evaluated using chest computed tomography in patients with lower extremity DVT. The patients were classified into group I (DVT without PE) and group II (DVT with PE) and analyzed to clarify the anatomic and clinical risk factors associated with PE in patients with DVT...
May 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
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