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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645000/manipulating-cues-in-mind-wandering-verbal-cues-affect-the-frequency-and-the-temporal-focus-of-mind-wandering
#1
Manila Vannucci, Claudia Pelagatti, Igor Marchetti
Our understanding of mind wandering (MW) has dramatically increased over the past decade. A key challenge still facing research is the identification of the processes and events that directly cause and control its occurrence. In the present study we sought to shed light on this question, by investigating the effects of verbal cues on the frequency and temporal focus of MW. To this aim, we experimentally manipulated the presence of irrelevant verbal cues during a vigilance task, in two independent groups (Verbal-cues group vs...
June 20, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644487/-can-diabetes-be-treated-as-an-indirectly-work-related-disease
#2
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Anna Radomska, Wojciech Hanke, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
In this article the authors attempted to analyze the arguments for considering diabetes as a work-related disease. An overview of literature has been done out of articles published in the years 1980-2016, with the use of combination of key words referring to employment, workplace, and diabetes. The PubMed database was the source of data. The authors indicate that the following arguments are in favor of diabetes being recognized as a work-related disease: diabetes is not an occupational disease, it is not directly related to the work environment or the way the work is performed, but there are observed adverse effects of occupational work-related nuisances, such as night shift work, long work hours, job strain or workplace standing time, which influence its development and course...
June 22, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641523/radiosensitizing-effect-of-electrochemotherapy-a-systematic-review-of-protocols-and-efficiency
#3
Zohre Rezaee, Ali Yadollahpour, Samaneh Rashidi, Pramod S Kunwar
OBJECTIVE: Electrochemotherapy (ECT) is a combination of electroporation (EP) and chemotherapy and has been reported as a potential radiosensitizing agent for radiation therapy. The main objective of this study was to systematically review of the literature to evaluate the effectiveness of ECT in sensitization of tumors to ionization radiation. In addition, the clinical considerations and mechanisms of action of radiosensitizing effect are discussed. METHODS: The databases of Medline (PubMed), Embase, Scopus, Cochrane library, Web of Science, Biomed central, Science Direct, and Google scholar up to March 30th 2017 were explored...
June 21, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639854/rapid-on-site-evaluation-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspirations-for-the-diagnosis-of-lung-cancer-a-perspective-from-members-of-the-pulmonary-pathology-society
#4
Deepali Jain, Timothy Craig Allen, Dara L Aisner, Mary Beth Beasley, Philip T Cagle, Vera Luiza Capelozzi, Lida P Hariri, Sylvie Lantuejoul, Ross Miller, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Sara E Monaco, Andre Moreira, Kirtee Raparia, Natasha Rekhtman, Anja Christiane Roden, Sinchita Roy Chowdhuri, Gilda da Cunha Santos, Erik Thunnissen, Giancarlo Troncone, Marina Vivero
CONTEXT: - Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has emerged as a very useful tool in the field of diagnostic respiratory cytology. Rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) of EBUS-TBNA not only has the potential to improve diagnostic yield of the procedure but also to triage samples for predictive molecular testing to guide personalized treatments for lung cancer. OBJECTIVE: - To provide an overview of the current status of the literature regarding ROSE of EBUS-TBNA in the diagnosis of lung cancer...
June 22, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639577/characteristics-of-good-s-syndrome-in-china-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Jin-Pei Dong, Wen Gao, Gui-Gen Teng, Yu Tian, Hua-Hong Wang
BACKGROUND: Good's syndrome (GS) is a rare disease characterized by thymoma, hypogammaglobulinemia, low or absent B-cells, decreased T-cells, an inverted CD4+/CD8+ T-cell ratio and reduced T-cell mitogen proliferative responses. GS is difficult to diagnose preoperatively due to its rarity and lack of typical symptoms, the characteristics of Chinese GS patients are still lacking. This study aimed to systematically review all the clinical, laboratory, and immunologic findings of reported cases of Chinese patients with GS...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639452/-magnetic-resonance-strength-of-1-5-t-possibilities-detailed-view-of-the-optic-nerve
#6
P Hanzlíková, J Chmelová
Due to the increased availability of MRI, this modality is the first choice for patients with a suspected pathology of the optic nerve, chiasm and optic tracts. Magnetic resonance imaging allows to evaluate the optic nerve itself as well as the gain or atrophy, its focal changes; it also allows detailed views of the surrounding structures such as vagina of the optic nerve and the mutual ratio between the full thickness of the nerve and the vagina, and the nerve itself. MR method uses a tissue contrast of an adipose tissue structures to a detailed imaging of the orbit...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639451/-tattoo-associated-uveitis
#7
A Klímová, J Heissigerová, E Říhová, P Holan, M Brichová, P Svozílková
The clinical case of tattoo-associated uveitis was first described by Lubeck and Epstein in 1952. Uveitis is accompanied by induration and hyperemia of tattoo skin, which can precede, follow or manifest simultaneously with uveitis. The diagnosis is determined on clinical grounds after exclusion of other causes. Uveitis is usually bilateral, chronic and vision impairment is variable. Tattoo-associated uveitis should be remembered in differential diagnosis due to the growing interest in tattoo.Key words: uveitis, tattoo, masquerade syndrome...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639450/-bilateral-congenital-multiple-pigmented-vitreous-cysts-in-a%C3%A2-three-year-old-girl-ten-years-follow-up
#8
J Štěpánková, M Hósová, D Dotřelová
The authors present a case report of a three-year-old female patient with bilateral multiple anterior vitreous cysts. During examination for intermittent esotropia of the right eye was diagnosed not only hypermetropia, astigmatism and anisometropia, but also pigmented changes in peripheral retrolental space of both eyes. Clinical examination under general anaesthesia revealed bilateral multiple pigmented immobile vitreous cysts. There were five almost spherical, translucent, but slightly pigmented cysts on its cover on the right eye and four similar on the left, but visible only with dilated pupils...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639449/-optic-properties-of-myopic-correction-by-orthokeratology-contact-lenses-a-case-report
#9
M Mýlková, F Pluháček
INTRODUCTION: Orthokeratology lenses present a special type of hard contact lenses, which is used especially for myopic correction. The lenses are applied during the night, when thanks to their special shape cause temporally (reversible) change of the cornea shape. During the day, there is not necessary to wear any other refractive correction. Due to the wearing regimen, there is, comparing to the classical contact lenses, higher risk of health complications. For their safe use, it is necessary to pay attention to the application of lenses of adequate parameters, follow up the care and hygiene precautions, regular controls and early treatment of possible problems...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639448/-hybrid-monovision
#10
P Studený, M Kacerovský, J Kacerovská, N Gajarová, Z Straňák
AIM: To evaluate our own results of the use of hybrid monovision technique, in patients after bilateral cataract surgery, where in the dominant eye the monofocal intraocular lens is implanted and in the non-dominant eye the multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective follow-up of group of 33 patients with bilateral cataract surgery and induced hybrid monovision. In the dominant eye, the hydrophilic monofocal aspheric intraocular lens Auroflex (Aurolab) was implanted, and in the non-dominant eye the hydrophilic multifocal aspheric intraocular lens Seelens (Hanita) was implanted...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639447/-clinical-results-of-the-implantation-of-two-types-of-multifocal-rotational-asymmetric-intraocular-lenses
#11
V Veliká, L Hejsek, F Raiskup
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was evaluation and comparison of clinical results of two types of rotationally asymmetric multifocal intraocular lens (LENTIS Mplus and LENTIS MplusX). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 247 eyes of 124 patients aged 25 - 76 years (mean, 58 years). After phacoemulsification multifocal intraocular lens LENTIS Mplus (group A, n = 141) or LENTIS MplusX (group B, n = 106) was implanted. Patients were divided into two groups according to the type of intraocular lens...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639299/understanding-suicide-across-the-lifespan-a-united-states-perspective-of-suicide-risk-factors-assessment-management
#12
Ian H Steele, Natasha Thrower, Paul Noroian, Fabian M Saleh
Suicide is a troubling, preventable phenomenon. Prior to attempts, individuals often seek help, prompting practitioners to perform risk assessments that ideally use evidence-based risk management strategies. A literature review was performed using Harvard Countway Library of Medicine, Google Scholar, PubMed. Key words used were "Forensic Science," "Suicide Risk Management," "Pediatric Suicide Risk Factors," "Adult Suicide Risk Factors," "Geriatric Suicide Risk Factors," "Suicide Risk Assessment." Parameters limited articles to studies/reviews completed in the past twenty years in the United States...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638811/cost-effectiveness-of-eplerenone-in-treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-systematic-review
#13
Hossein Mobaraki, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Ali Sarabi Asiabar, Aziz Rezapour, Mohammad Hossein Kafaei Mehr, Saeed Emamgolizadeh
Background: No clear evidence is available on the cost-effectiveness of eplerenone in treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Thus, the present study aimed at systematically reviewing studies that have investigated this issue. Methods: This systematic review study was conducted in 2016. The required information were collected using key Mesh words from the following databases: Google scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, MagIran, SID, Scopus, and handsearching journals and the references of the selected articles. The quality of the selected articles was assessed by the Drummond's checklist...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638564/glandular-odontogenic-cyst-associated-with-ameloblastoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Timothée Cousin, Samuel Bobek, Dolphine Oda
Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) associated with ameloblastoma is an exceedingly rare histologic presentation with no known clinical significance or treatment applications. Four cases have been reported, three in the mandible and one in the maxilla. The age range is 14-65 and with male predilection. All four presented with swellings and two with pain. We add one more case to the literature of a 58-year old male presenting with an expansile multilocular radiolucency between teeth #19-23. The ameloblastomatous changes in this case are consistent with those of a unicystic ameloblastoma-mural subtype...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638563/extraskeletal-myxoid-chondrosarcoma-of-the-masticator-space-in-a-pediatric-patient
#15
Mário-José Romañach, Román Carlos, Michel Nuyens, Bruno-Augusto-Benevenuto de Andrade, Oslei-Paes de Almeida
Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (EMC) is a malignant soft-tissue neoplasm rarely described in the head and neck region of children and adolescents. We describe a case of EMC affecting the masticator space and a literature review. A 13-year-old boy who presented a large painless, diffuse mass causing progressive midfacial asymmetry of 6 months duration. Histopathological evaluation revealed a multinodular lesion, containing scattered round vacuolated tumor cells dispersed in an abundant myxoid stroma, separated by fibrous septae...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638562/a-rare-case-of-oral-multisystem-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#16
Maria-Teresa Facciolo, Francesco Riva, Patrizia Gallenzi, Romeo Patini, Domenico Gaglioti
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disorder characterized by high proliferation of Langerhans dendritic cells. LCH is a solitary or multifocal disease that primarily involves bone tissue and often affects children and young men. A 29 years-old Caucasian man was referred to the Oral Surgery Unit of George Eastman Hospital - Umberto I teaching hospital, with third degree mobility of teeth belonging to second, third and fourth quadrant. Panoramic radiograph showed multiple radiolucent areas with well demarcated borders on the right and left site of the mandible and on the left site of the maxilla...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638561/importance-and-methodologies-of-endodontic-microleakage-studies-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Farnaz Jafari, Sanaz Jafari
INTRODUCTION: It is very important to obtain a tight seal in obturated root canal, making it necessary to conduct clinical or laboratory studies on the sealability of endodontic materials. Different methodologies have been historically used to assess microleakage of different endodontic materials. The aim of the present study was to comprehensively review different material testing methods used in microleakage studies, their interpretation and importance in endodontic literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in Medline, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638560/effects-of-different-percentages-of-microhydroxyapatite-on-microhardness-of-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-and-zirconomer
#18
Farahnaz Sharafeddin, Soodabe Shoale, Mahsa Kowkabi
BACKGROUND: Hydroxyapatite (HA) is the main mineral component of the tooth structure, which exhibits considerable biological behavior and its incorporation might improve microhardness of dental materials. Microhardness of restorative materials, like glass-ionomer, is critical for the clinical longevity of restorations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the microhardness of two glass-ionomers types by incorporating different percentages of microhydroxyapatite. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, 80 disc-shaped experimental specimens (6 mm in diameter, 2 mm in height) were prepared in 8 groups, including resin-modified glass-ionomer (RMGI, GC, Gold Label, Japan), zirconia-reinforced glass-ionomer (Zirconomer, Shofu, Kyoto, Japan), and their mixture with 0, 5, 15 and 25 wt% of microhydroxyapatite (Sigma-Aldrich, Germany)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638559/comparative-evaluation-of-anti-microbial-effects-of-triple-antibiotic-paste-and-amox-and-its-derivatives-against-e-faecalis-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Manjeet Kaur, Shrikant Kendre, Parmod Gupta, Navneet Singh, Harsimran Sethi, Neha Gupta, Rushil Acharya
BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecalis is a microorganism commonly detected in asymptomatic, persistent endodontic infections. Triple antibiotic paste has stood the test of time as a proven antibiotic combination against E. Faecalis. However, problems with this include staining of teeth and standardization of the preparation. Thus, the search for better alternatives and better preparation techniques is still on. AIM: To observe the potential of combinations [(Amoxicillin+ Metronidazole, Amoxicillin Clavulanic Acid + Metronidazole; Amoxicillin and Cloxacillin + Metronidazole)] over Triple Antibiotic Paste...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638558/impacted-lower-third-molars-and-distal-caries-in-the-mandibular-second-molar-is-prophylactic-removal-of-lower-third-molars-justified
#20
José Marques, Marta Montserrat-Bosch, Rui Figueiredo, Miguel-Angel Vilchez-Pérez, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón, Cosme Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between the presence of mandibular third molars and the occurrence of carious lesions in the distal aspect of the mandibular second molar. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study comprising 327 lower third molars extracted in the Oral Surgery and Implantology Master's Degree program of the School of Dentistry of the University of Barcelona (Barcelona, Spain) was carried out. A descriptive and bivariate analysis was made...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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