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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535547/the-effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-for-relieving-pain-stiffness-and-dysfunction-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Qinguang Xu, Bei Chen, Yueyi Wang, Xuezong Wang, Dapeng Han, Daofang Ding, Yuxin Zheng, Yuelong Cao, Hongsheng Zhan, Yao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is the most common form of arthritis, leading to pain disability in seniors and increased health care utilization. Manual therapy is one widely used physical treatment for KOA. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and adverse events (AEs) of manual therapy compared to other treatments for relieving pain, stiffness, and physical dysfunction in patients with KOA. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of manual therapy for KOA...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535379/image-and-message-recruiting-the-right-nurses-for-the-profession-a-qualitative-study
#2
Anthony Tuckett, Hyein Kim, Jihye Huh
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the key word(s) or phrases; and key image(s) new to nursing professionals would recommend using in a recruitment poster to encourage school leavers to study nursing or midwifery. BACKGROUND: An updated imaging and messaging in the profession is needed in recruitment initiatives targeting high school students to perceive registered nursing as a lifelong career. METHOD: Open-ended responses reported through the Graduate e-Cohort Study (GeS) Survey 7 2015, representing 109 nursing and midwifery graduates from Australia and New Zealand...
May 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534731/speech-recognition-in-nonnative-versus-native-english-speaking-college-students-in-a-virtual-classroom
#3
Dorothy Neave-DiToro, Adrienne Rubinstein, Arlene C Neuman
BACKGROUND: Limited attention has been given to the effects of classroom acoustics at the college level. Many studies have reported that nonnative speakers of English are more likely to be affected by poor room acoustics than native speakers. An important question is how classroom acoustics affect speech perception of nonnative college students. PURPOSE: The combined effect of noise and reverberation on the speech recognition performance of college students who differ in age of English acquisition was evaluated under conditions simulating classrooms with reverberation times (RTs) close to ANSI recommended RTs...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534381/evaluation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-trials-registered-in-clinicaltrials-gov-database
#4
Omer Dizdar, Emre Bilgin, Serkan Akin, Saadettin Kilickap, Mutlu Hayran
PURPOSE: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) products are increasingly used because they are perceived as natural, relatively low-cost and probably effective therapies for various diseases including cancer. We aimed to determine the quantity and major characteristics of recent herbal/alternative medicine trials registered in clinicaltrials. gov in patients with cancer. METHODS: "Cancer AND (herbal OR complementary OR alternative)" key words were used to query clinicaltrials...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533405/spatial-evolutionary-games-with-weak-selection
#5
Mridu Nanda, Richard Durrett
Recently, a rigorous mathematical theory has been developed for spatial games with weak selection, i.e., when the payoff differences between strategies are small. The key to the analysis is that when space and time are suitably rescaled, the spatial model converges to the solution of a partial differential equation (PDE). This approach can be used to analyze all [Formula: see text] games, but there are a number of [Formula: see text] games for which the behavior of the limiting PDE is not known. In this paper, we give rules for determining the behavior of a large class of [Formula: see text] games and check their validity using simulation...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532735/hearing-voices-comparing-two-methods-for-analysis-of-focus-group-data
#6
Melanie Greenwood, Tina Kendrick, Hugh Davies, Fenella J Gill
AIM: This paper compares two qualitative approaches used to thematically analyse data obtained from focus groups conducted with critical care nurses from Australia. BACKGROUND: Focus groups are an effective mechanism to generate understanding and gain insight into the research participants' world. Traditional verbatim transcription of participants' recorded words necessitates significant investment of time and resources. An alternative approach under reported in the literature is to directly analyse the audio recordings...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532303/in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-to-make-global-health-estimates-useful-make-them-more-socially-robust
#7
Elizabeth Pisani, Maarten Kok
A plethora of new development goals and funding institutions have greatly increased the demand for internationally comparable health estimates in recent years, and have brought important new players into the field of health estimate production. These changes have rekindled debates about the validity and legitimacy of global health estimates. This paper draws on country case studies and personal experience to support our opinion that the production and use of estimates are deeply embedded in specific social, economic, political and ideational contexts, which differ at different levels of the global health architecture...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529914/characteristics-of-postintensive-care-syndrome-in-survivors-of-pediatric-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#8
Elizabeth A Herrup, Beth Wieczorek, Sapna R Kudchadkar
AIM: To synthesize the available evidence focusing on morbidities in pediatric survivors of critical illness that fall within the defined construct of postintensive care syndrome (PICS) in adults, including physical, neurocognitive and psychological morbidities. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and CINAHL using controlled vocabulary and key word terms to identify studies reporting characteristics of PICS in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients...
May 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529670/perspective-fabrication-of-integrated-organ-on-a-chip-via-bioprinting
#9
Qingzhen Yang, Qin Lian, Feng Xu
Organ-on-a-chip has emerged as a powerful platform with widespread applications in biomedical engineering, such as pathology studies and drug screening. However, the fabrication of organ-on-a-chip is still a challenging task due to its complexity. For an integrated organ-on-a-chip, it may contain four key elements, i.e., a microfluidic chip, live cells/microtissues that are cultured in this chip, components for stimulus loading to mature the microtissues, and sensors for results readout. Recently, bioprinting has been used for fabricating organ-on-a-chip as it enables the printing of multiple materials, including biocompatible materials and even live cells in a programmable manner with a high spatial resolution...
May 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529246/surgical-outcome-of-laminoplasty-for-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-in-an-elderly-population-potentiality-for-effective-early-surgical-intervention-a-meta-analysis
#10
Yasuhiro Takeshima, Ryuta Matsuoka, Ichiro Nakagawa, Fumihiko Nishimura, Hiroyuki Nakase
A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine differences in surgical outcomes of laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) between elderly and non-elderly patients. PubMed and Google Scholar searches were performed using several key words and phrases related to cervical laminoplasty in elderly populations. Included studies were written in English, addressed laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy, and evaluated outcomes of the treatment. Statistical analysis was performed using a random-effect model...
May 19, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528910/the-management-of-soft-tissue-tumours-of-the-abdominal-wall
#11
REVIEW
H G Smith, D Tzanis, C Messiou, C Benson, J A van der Hage, M Fiore, S Bonvalot, A J Hayes
BACKGROUND: Soft tissue tumours of the abdominal wall account for approximately 10% of all soft tissue tumours. Tumours at this site comprise a heterogeneous group of pathologies with distinct clinical behaviours and responses to treatment. The management of these tumours has largely been extrapolated from studies of soft tissue tumours at other sites. This review aims to summarise the existing data relating to abdominal wall tumours and suggest principles for managing soft tissue tumours at this site...
May 6, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528878/occupational-prognosis-factors-for-ulnar-nerve-entrapment-at-the-elbow-a-systematic-review
#12
M Fadel, R Lancigu, G Raimbeau, Y Roquelaure, A Descatha
Although ulnar nerve entrapment is the second most common entrapment neuropathy, there is a dearth of studies identifying occupational prognosis factors. We carried out a systematic review of the occupational prognosis factors for ulnar nerve entrapment in order to identify professions at risks and allow better follow-up for their workers. Using the key words, "ulnar OR cubital", "neuropathy OR tunnel", and "work OR occupational" without limitations, original prospective studies were selected from four databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library) after two rounds (valid design, valid prognosis outcome reported, valid work exposure)...
May 18, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527749/visual-and-proprioceptive-feedback-differently-modulate-the-spatial-representation-of-number-and-time-in-children
#13
Elena Nava, Luca Rinaldi, Hermann Bulf, Viola Macchi Cassia
There has been compelling evidence favoring the idea that human adults similarly represent number and time along a horizontal mental number line (MNL) and mental time line (MTL), respectively. Yet, analogies drawn between the MNL and MTL have been challenged by recent studies suggesting that adults' representations of number and time arise from different spatial frames of reference; whereas the MNL relies on both hand-centered and object-centered coordinates, the MTL appears to be exclusively anchored on object-centered coordinates...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526009/measuring-health-literacy-among-low-literate-people-an-exploratory-feasibility-study-with-the-hls-eu-questionnaire
#14
Hannelore Storms, Neree Claes, Bert Aertgeerts, Stephan Van den Broucke
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) is defined as necessary competencies to make well-informed decisions. As patients' decision making is a key element of patient-centered health care, insight in patients' HL might help healthcare professionals to organize their care accordingly. This is particularly true for people in a vulnerable situation, potentially with limited HL, who are, for instance, at greater risk of having limited access to care [1, 2]. As HL correlates with education, instruments should allow inclusion of low literate people...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525312/evaluation-of-the-introduction-of-an-e-health-skills-component-for-dietetics-students
#15
Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks
BACKGROUND: Appropriate and effective use of technology within practice is a key competency outlined in Australian dietetics training standards. An e-health skills component (lecture and workshop) was introduced to undergraduate students enrolled in an Australian nutrition and dietetics program. METHODS: The lecture orientated students to key e-health terms and concepts relating to telehealth and m-health technologies, while the workshop provided an opportunity to apply knowledge...
May 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523394/introduction-framing-post-aids-and-global-health-discourses-in-2015-and-beyond
#16
EDITORIAL
Gráinne O'Connell
This special issue, entitled "Post-AIDS' and Global Health Discourses: Interdisciplinary Perspectives,' emerged from a one day Medical Humanities symposium at the Leeds Centre for Medical Humanities, at the University of Leeds, England, on February 27th 2015. This special issue focusses on the perceived deprioritising of HIV and AIDS in the Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs, that were launched in 2015. The SDGs function as policy benchmarks for all entities within the United Nations system and they supersede the Millennium Development Goals, or MDGs, which expired in 2015...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523062/role-of-antimicrobials-in-the-treatment-of-adult-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-acute-gastroenteritis-a-mini-review
#17
REVIEW
Omar Abbas Ahmed Malik
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Acute gastroenteritis is generally considered a self-limiting illness that does not require the use of antibiotics. However, many emergency departments in the country frequently prescribe antibiotics to patients presenting with diarrhoea. This review attempts to determine whether this practice is reasonable. Our objective was to determine the role of antimicrobials in the empiric management of acute gastroenteritis. METHODS: The online data base "PubMed", as well as the World Wide Web, were searched for relevant articles (RCTs, Reviews, Prospective studies, etc...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521556/maintenance-of-key-word-signing-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-novel-signed-turns-facilitated-by-partners-consistent-input-and-sign-imitation
#18
Ellen Rombouts, Bea Maes, Inge Zink
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between the use of key word signing (KWS) by support staff and by adults with intellectual disabilities (clients) who had experience with using KWS. Specifically, we explored whether these clients were more inclined to use KWS when support staff used KWS or imitated signs. One-to-one conversations between 24 clients and their support staff were filmed and transcribed. Partner turns were coded for communication mode (spoken or signed) and KWS response type (i...
May 18, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520475/kombucha-multimicrobial-community-under-simulated-spaceflight-and-martian-conditions
#19
O Podolich, I Zaets, O Kukharenko, I Orlovska, O Reva, L Khirunenko, M Sosnin, A Haidak, S Shpylova, E Rabbow, M Skoryk, M Kremenskoy, R Demets, N Kozyrovska, J-P de Vera
Kombucha microbial community (KMC) produces a cellulose-based biopolymer of industrial importance and a probiotic beverage. KMC-derived cellulose-based pellicle film is known as a highly adaptive microbial macrocolony-a stratified community of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. In the framework of the multipurpose international astrobiological project "BIOlogy and Mars Experiment (BIOMEX)," which aims to study the vitality of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms and the stability of selected biomarkers in low Earth orbit and in a Mars-like environment, a cellulose polymer structural integrity will be assessed as a biomarker and biotechnological nanomaterial...
May 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520474/survival-of-deinococcus-geothermalis-in-biofilms-under-desiccation-and-simulated-space-and-martian-conditions
#20
Jan Frösler, Corinna Panitz, Jost Wingender, Hans-Curt Flemming, Petra Rettberg
Biofilm formation represents a successful survival strategy for bacteria. In biofilms, cells are embedded in a matrix of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). As they are often more stress-tolerant than single cells, biofilm cells might survive the conditions present in space and on Mars. To investigate this topic, the bacterium Deinococcus geothermalis was chosen as a model organism due to its tolerance toward desiccation and radiation. Biofilms cultivated on membranes and, for comparison, planktonically grown cells deposited on membranes were air-dried and exposed to individual stressors that included prolonged desiccation, extreme temperatures, vacuum, simulated martian atmosphere, and UV irradiation, and they were exposed to combinations of stressors that simulate space (desiccation + vacuum + UV) or martian (desiccation + Mars atmosphere + UV) conditions...
May 2017: Astrobiology
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