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Human bone scaffold

Wei Zhu, Chi Xu, Bu-Peng Ma, Zhi-Bo Zheng, Yu-Long Li, Qi Ma, Guo-Liang Wu, Xi-Sheng Weng
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology holds great promise for treating diseases or injuries that affect human bones with enhanced performance over traditional techniques. Different patterns of design can lead to various mechanical properties and biocompatibility to various degrees. However, there is still a long way to go before we can fully take advantage of 3D printing technologies. METHODS: This study tailored 3D printed scaffolds with gelatin and platelets to maximize bone regeneration...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Shi Yun Tong, Zuyong Wang, Poon Nian Lim, Wilson Wang, Eng San Thian
Regeneration of injuries at tendon-to-bone interface (TBI) remains a challenging issue due to the complex tissue composition involving both soft tendon tissues and relatively hard bone tissues. Tissue engineering using polymeric/ceramic composites has been of great interest to generate scaffolds for tissue's healing at TBI. Herein, we presented a novel method to blend polymers and bioceramics for tendon tissue engineering application. A homogeneous composite comprising of nanohydroxyapatite (nHA) particles in poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) matrix was obtained using a combination of solvent and mechanical blending process...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Jiabing Fan, Mian Guo, Choong Sung Im, Joan Pi-Anfruns, Zhong-Kai Cui, Soyon Kim, Benjamin Wu, Tara Aghaloo, Min Lee
Growth factor-based therapeutics using bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) present a promising strategy to reconstruct craniofacial bone defects such as mandible. However, clinical applications require supraphysiological BMP doses that often increase inappropriate adipogenesis, resulting in well-documented cyst-like bone formation. Here we reported a novel complementary strategy to enhance osteogenesis and mandibular bone repair by employing small molecule phenamil that has been shown to be a strong activator of BMP signaling...
October 22, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Hossein E Jazayeri, Mohammadreza Tahriri, Mehdi Razavi, Kimia Khoshroo, Farahnaz Fahimipour, Erfan Dashtimoghadam, Luis Almeida, Lobat Tayebi
Tissue regeneration is rapidly evolving to treat anomalies in the entire human body. The production of biodegradable, customizable scaffolds to achieve this clinical aim is dependent on the interdisciplinary collaboration among clinicians, bioengineers and materials scientists. While bone grafts and varying reconstructive procedures have been traditionally used for maxillofacial defects, the goal of this review is to provide insight on all materials involved in the progressing utilization of the tissue engineering approach to yield successful treatment outcomes for both hard and soft tissues...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Howa Begam, Samit Kumar Nandi, Biswanath Kundu, Abhijit Chanda
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are the most significant growth factors that belong to the Transforming Growth Factor Beta (TGF-β) super-family. Though more than twenty members of this family have been identified so far in humans, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved two growth factors: BMP-2 and BMP-7 for treatments of spinal fusion and long-bone fractures with collagen carriers. Currently BMPs are clinically used in spinal fusion, oral and maxillofacial surgery and also in the repair of long bone defects...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
M Sartori, S Pagani, A Ferrari, V Costa, V Carina, E Figallo, M C Maltarello, L Martini, M Fini, G Giavaresi
Current treatments for acute or degenerative chondral and osteochondral lesions are in need of improvement, as these types of injuries lead to disability and worsen the quality of life in a high percentage of patients. The aim of this study was to develop a new bi-layered scaffold for osteochondral tissue regeneration through a "biomimetic" and "bioinspired" approach. For chondral regeneration, the scaffold was realized with an organic compound (type I collagen), while for the regeneration of the subchondral layer, bioactive magnesium-doped hydroxyapatite (Mg/HA) crystals were co-precipitated with the organic component of the scaffold...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Maria Chatzinikolaidou, Charalampos Pontikoglou, Konstantina Terzaki, Maria Kaliva, Athanasia Kalyva, Eleni Papadaki, Maria Vamvakaki, Maria Farsari
The regeneration of bone via a tissue engineering approach involves components from the macroscopic to the nanoscopic level, including appropriate 3D scaffolds, cells and growth factors. In this study, hexagonal scaffolds of different diagonals were fabricated by Direct Laser Writing using a photopolymerizable hybrid material. The proliferation of bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) cultured on structures with various diagonals, 50, 100, 150 and 200μm increased significantly after 10days in culture, however without significant differences among them...
October 13, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Sher Bahadur Poudel, Govinda Bhattarai, Jae-Hwan Kim, Sung-Ho Kook, Young-Kwon Seo, Young-Mi Jeon, Jeong-Chae Lee
Fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7) plays an important role in regulating the proliferation, migration, and differentiation of cells. However, the role of FGF7 in bone formation is not yet fully understood. We examined the effect of FGF7 on bone formation using a rat model of mandible defects. Rats underwent mandible defect surgery and then either scaffold treatment alone (control group) or FGF7-impregnated scaffold treatment (FGF7 group). Micro-CT and histological analyses revealed that the FGF7 group exhibited greater bone formation than did the control group 10 weeks after surgery...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Mohammad Samiei, Marziyeh Aghazadeh, Effat Alizadeh, Naser Aslaminabadi, Soodabeh Davaran, Sajjad Shirazi, Farhad Ashrafi, Roya Salehi
Purpose: Statin is an effective factor for promoting osteogenesis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of simvastatin (SIM) and/or HA addition on changes in osteogenesis levels by human DPSCs transferred onto three-dimensional (3D) nanofibrous Poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL)/Poly lactic acide (PLLA) polymeric scaffolds. Methods: For this purpose, a 3D nanofibrous composite scaffold of PCL/PLLA/HA was prepared by electrospinning method. SIM was added to scaffolds during DPSCs culturing step...
September 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Bret H Clough, Eoin P McNeill, Daniel Palmer, Ulf Krause, Thomas J Bartosh, Christopher D Chaput, Carl A Gregory
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spine pain and the disability associated with it are epidemic in the United States. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, >650,000 spinal fusion surgeries are performed annually in the US and yet there is a failure rate of 15-40% when standard methods employing current commercial bone substitutes are utilized. Autologous bone graft is the gold standard in terms of fusion success, but the morbidity associated with the procedure and limitations in the availability of sufficient material has limited its use in the majority of cases...
October 17, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Christian Demitri, Antonella Giuri, Vincenzo Maria De Benedictis, Maria Grazia Raucci, Daniela Giugliano, Alessandro Sannino, Luigi Ambrosio
In this study, a new foaming method, based on physical foaming combined with microwave-induced curing, is proposed in combination with a surface bioactivation to develop scaffold for bone tissue regeneration. In the first step of the process, a stable physical foaming was induced using a surfactant (Pluronic) as blowing agent of a homogeneous blend of Chitosan and polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA700) solutions. In the second step, the porous structure of the foaming was chemically stabilized by radical polymerization induced by homogeneous heating of the sample in a microwave reactor...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Joceline S Liu, Matthew I Bury, Natalie J Fuller, Renea M Sturm, Nida Ahmad, Arun K Sharma
Substitution urethroplasty for the treatment of male stricture disease is often accompanied by subsequent tissue fibrosis and secondary stricture formation. Patients with pre-existing morbidities are often at increased risk of urethral stricture recurrence brought upon in-part by delayed vascularization accompanied by overactive inflammatory responses following surgery. Within the context of this study, we demonstrate the functional utility of a cell/scaffold composite graft comprised of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) combined with CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC) to modulate inflammation and wound healing in a rodent model of substitution urethroplasty...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Faeze Pournaqi, Armaghan Ghiaee, Saeid Vakilian, Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi
Tissue engineering is a promising emerged method trying to reconstruct lost tissues that using synthetic and biomaterials and their combination with cells. The purpose of this study is increase osteoinductivity of polyethersulfone (PES) by using polyaniline (PANi). In this study, after fabrication of PES and composited PES-PANi scaffolds by electrospinning, scaffolds were characterized morphologically and mechanically. Then osteoinductivity of scaffolds was investigated by osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) cultured on the PES and PES-PANI in comparison to the tissue culture polystyrene as a control...
October 14, 2016: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
Ines Westphal, Claudia Jedelhauser, Gregor Liebsch, Arnd Wilhelmi, Attila Aszodi, Matthias Schieker
Bone tissue engineering (BTE) utilizing biomaterial scaffolds and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) is a promising approach for the treatment of bone defects. The quality of engineered tissue is crucially affected by numerous parameters including cell density and the oxygen supply. In this study, a novel oxygen-imaging sensor was introduced to monitor the oxygen distribution in three dimensional (3D) scaffolds in order to analyze a new cell-seeding strategy. Immortalized hMSCs, pre-cultured in a monolayer for 30-40% or 70-80% confluence, were used to seed demineralized bone matrix (DBM) scaffolds...
October 17, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Antonella Antonelli, Willy A Noort, Jenny Jaques, Bauke de Boer, Regina de Jong-Korlaar, Annet Z Brouwers-Vos, Linda Lubbers-Aalders, Jeroen F van Velzen, Andries C Bloem, Huipin Yuan, Joost D de Bruijn, Gert J Ossenkoppele, Anton C M Martens, Edo Vellenga, Richard W J Groen, Jan Jacob Schuringa
In order to begin to understand mechanisms that regulate self-renewal, differentiation and transformation of human hematopoietic stem cells, or to evaluate the efficacy of novel treatment modalities, stem cells need to be studied in their own species-specific microenvironment. By implanting ceramic scaffolds coated with human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) into immune deficient mice we mimic the human bone marrow niche. Thus, we have established a human leukemia xenograft mouse model in which a large cohort of patient samples successfully engrafted covering all important genetic and risk subgroups...
October 12, 2016: Blood
Siddharth Shanbhag, Kamal Mustafa, Nikolaos Pandis, Jens R Nyengaard, Andreas Stavropoulos
The regenerative potential of tissue engineered bone constructs may be enhanced by in vitro co-culture and in vivo co-transplantation of vasculogenic and osteogenic (progenitor) cells. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature to answer the focused question: in animal models, does co-transplantation of osteogenic and vasculogenic cells enhance bone regeneration in craniofacial defects, compared to solely osteogenic cell-seeded constructs? Following PRISMA guidelines, electronic databases were searched for controlled animal studies reporting co-transplantation of endothelial cells (EC) with mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) or osteoblasts (OB) in craniofacial critical-size bone defect (CSD) models...
October 12, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
Andrea Di Luca, Alessia Longoni, Giuseppe Criscenti, Carlos Mota, Clemens van Blitterswijk, Lorenzo Moroni
Guiding bone regeneration poses still unmet challenges due to several drawbacks of current standard treatments in the clinics. A possible solution may rely on the use of three-dimensional scaffolds with optimized structural properties in combination with human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Bone presents a radial gradient structure from the outside, where the cortical bone is more compact (porosity ranging from 5% to 10%), toward the inner part, where the cancellous bone is more porous (porosity ranging from 50% to 90%)...
October 11, 2016: Biofabrication
Marcela Martin-Del-Campo, Raul Rosales-Ibañez, Keila Alvarado, Jose G Sampedro, Christian A Garcia-Sepulveda, Sanjukta Deb, Julio San Román, Luis Rojo
Strontium folate (SrFO) is a recently developed bone promoting agent with interest in medical and pharmaceutical fields due to its improved features in comparison to current strontium based therapies for osteoporosis and other bone diseases. In this work SrFO derivative was synthesized and loaded into biohybrid scaffolds obtained through lyophilisation of semi-interpenetrating networks of chitosan polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate and beta tri-calcium phosphate (βTCP) fabricated using free radical polymerization...
October 18, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Jisoo Shin, Jung Ho Cho, Yoonhee Jin, Kisuk Yang, Jong Seung Lee, Hyun-Ji Park, Hyung-Seop Han, Jinkyu Lee, Hojeong Jeon, Heungsoo Shin, Seung-Woo Cho
Using small interfering RNA (siRNA) to regulate gene expression is an emerging strategy for stem cell manipulation to improve stem cell therapy. However, conventional methods of siRNA delivery into stem cells based on solution-mediated transfection are limited due to low transfection efficiency and insufficient duration of cell-siRNA contact during lengthy culturing protocols. To overcome these limitations, a bio-inspired polymer-mediated reverse transfection system is developed consisting of implantable poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) scaffolds functionalized with siRNA-lipidoid nanoparticle (sLNP) complexes via polydopamine (pDA) coating...
September 26, 2016: Small
Yu-Chieh Chiu, Eliza L Fong, Brian J Grindel, Fred K Kasper, Daniel A Harrington, Mary C Farach-Carson
BACKGROUND: Biomaterial scaffolds that deliver growth factors such as recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins-2 (rhBMP-2) have improved clinical bone tissue engineering by enhancing bone tissue regeneration. This approach could be further improved if the controlled delivery of bioactive rhBMP-2 were sustained throughout the duration of osteogenesis from fibrous scaffolds that provide control over dose and bioactivity of rhBMP-2. In nature, heparan sulfate attached to core proteoglycans serves as the co-receptor that delivers growth factors to support tissue morphogenesis...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
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