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dietary intake

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731642/utility-of-a-brief-index-to-measure-diet-quality-of-australian-preschoolers-in-the-feeding-healthy-food-to-kids-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Kerith Duncanson, Yu Qi Lee, Tracy Burrows, Clare Collins
AIM: The aim was to evaluate the utility of a brief dietary intake assessment tool in measuring nutritional adequacy of preschoolers and differences in food and nutrient intake between quartiles stratified by overall diet quality. METHODS: Dietary intakes of preschoolers (n = 146) from the Feeding Healthy Food to Kids trial were reported by parents/caregivers using a 120-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Diet quality was assessed using the Australian Recommended Food Score for Preschoolers...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731610/relative-validity-of-a-2-day-24-hour-dietary-recall-compared-with-a-2-day-weighed-dietary-record-among-adults-in-south-china
#2
Hongmei Xue, Mingzhe Yang, Yan Liu, Ruonan Duan, Guo Cheng, Xiao Zhang
AIM: To determine the relative validity of a 2-day 24-hour dietary recall (HR) designed to assess energy and nutrient intake among Chinese adults compared with a 2-day weighed dietary record (WD). METHODS: Data were obtained from an ongoing population-based, prospective cohort study of adults aged 18-65 years in South China. A total of 41 adults completing a HR and a WD within 14 days were included in the present analysis. Estimations of individual mean differences, Spearman's correlation coefficients, cross-classifications and Bland-Altman plots were used to assess the agreement between the intakes of energy and 18 nutrients obtained from the HR and the WD...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731609/dietary-sodium-and-potassium-intake-and-their-association-with-blood-pressure-in-a-non-hypertensive-iranian-adult-population-isfahan-salt-study
#3
Noushin Mohammadifard, Arsalan Khaledifar, Alireza Khosravi, Fatemeh Nouri, Ali Pourmoghadas, Awat Feizi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: The association of sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intake with blood pressure (BP) is an ongoing debate, especially in central Iran. We aimed to examine the mean Na and K intake, major sources of Na and the relationship between BP and dietary and urinary Na and K. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in central Iran in 2013-2014. A total of 796 non-hypertensive adults aged >18 years were randomly recruited. The semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to assess dietary Na and K intake...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731606/feasibility-of-home-based-dietetic-intervention-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-older-adults-post-hospital-discharge
#4
Aliza Haslinda Hamirudin, Karen Walton, Karen Charlton, Amanda Carrie, Linda Tapsell, Marianna Milosavljevic, Glen Pang, Jan Potter
AIM: To determine if a model of home-based dietetic care improves dietary intake and weight status in a specific group of older adults post-hospitalisation. METHODS: The Department of Veterans' Affairs clients aged 65 years and over were recruited from hospitals in a regional area of New South Wales, Australia (n = 32 men, n = 36 women). Nutritional status was assessed at home at baseline (within two weeks post-discharge) and three months post-discharge using a diet history, a food frequency checklist and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731600/spot-testing-urine-ph-a-novel-dietary-biomarker-a-randomised-cross-over-trial
#5
Benjamin H Parmenter, Gary J Slater, Lynda A Frassetto
AIM: Spot-tests of urine pH are claimed to be an accessible biomarker of net acid excretion (NAE), and as such, they may be able to determine changes in an individual's intake of acid- or base-forming foods. To test this hypothesis, we aimed to determine if spot-tests of urine pH could index NAE and relay the consumption of a fruit and vegetable (F&V) concentrate whilst determining this concentrate's capacity to modulate NAE. METHODS: In a double blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial, healthy adults (n = 13) were allocated by simple randomisation to receive a F&V concentrate or placebo for three days each, with diet standardised throughout...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731598/comparison-of-malnutrition-inflammation-score-anthropometry-and-biochemical-parameters-in-assessing-the-difference-in-protein-energy-wasting-between-normal-weight-and-obese-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis
#6
Elham Alipoor, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Mitra Mahdavi-Mazdeh, Mehdi Yaseri, Narges S Zahed
AIM: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is prevalent in haemodialysis. Obesity is an independent risk factor of kidney insufficiency, but it is proposed to have beneficial roles in better outcomes in the final stage of disease. Better nutritional status and body reserves are among probable mechanisms, but direct examinations are limited. The present study aimed to investigate whether obese patients have preferable nutritional status compared to normal weight patients based on malnutrition inflammation score (MIS) and other PEW parameters in haemodialysis...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731597/reliability-and-relative-validity-of-a-diet-index-score-for-adults-derived-from-a-self-reported-short-food-survey
#7
Gilly A Hendrie, Megan A Rebuli, Rebecca K Golley
AIM: Assess the reliability and relative validity of a diet index score for adults derived using a 38-item online survey. METHODS: The short food survey (SFS) measured 'usual' intake of seven food groups, three food choice indicators and variety; and was completed by 61 adults aged 19-50 years from Adelaide, Australia. A score was applied to assess compliance with the 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines. Reliability of the survey was measured between two administrations one week apart; and validity by comparing the first administration to the average of three 24-hour dietary recalls...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731562/relative-validity-of-a-brief-fat-and-fibre-behaviour-questionnaire-in-a-population-of-overweight-and-obese-breast-cancer-survivors-a-note-of-caution
#8
Megan E Whelan, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Elizabeth G Eakin, Marina M Reeves
AIM: Dietary intake assessment is often difficult in research contexts because of time and resource constraints and participant burden. Valid, reliable and brief assessments of dietary behaviour are needed. Additionally, examination of instrument performance in a variety of populations is needed. This study assessed relative validity and responsiveness to change of the Fat and Fibre Behaviour Questionnaire (FFBQ) in a population of breast cancer survivors compared with dietary intake measured by 24-hour recalls...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731561/association-of-glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-an-iranian-adult-population-isfahan-healthy-heart-program
#9
Noushin Mohammadifard, Marjan Mansourian, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Ali Pourmoghaddas, Narges Yazdekhasti, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: There is controversy around the clinical effects of the dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) on cardiovascular diseases risk factors such as metabolic syndrome (MetS). So, the present study was performed to evaluate the relationship between GI or GL and metabolic syndrome in an Iranian adult population in 2007. METHODS: The study was based on data from a sub-sample of the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP), collected across three cities in central Iran, in the year 2007...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731560/food-insecure-student-clients-of-a-university-based-food-bank-have-compromised-health-dietary-intake-and-academic-quality
#10
Jasmine Farahbakhsh, Mahitab Hanbazaza, Geoff D C Ball, Anna P Farmer, Katerina Maximova, Noreen D Willows
AIM: University and college students in wealthy countries may be vulnerable to financial food insecurity. If food insecure students have suboptimal health, their ability to learn and excel in their education could be compromised. This Canadian study examined the relationship of food security status to diet and self-perceived health and academic quality among students receiving emergency food hampers from the Campus Food Bank at University of Alberta. METHODS: A convenience sample of 58 students completed a survey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731553/trends-in-fluid-consumption-and-beverage-choices-among-adults-reveal-preferences-for-ayran-and-black-tea-in-central-turkey
#11
Reyhan Nergiz-Unal, Emine Akal Yildiz, Gülhan Samur, H Tanju Besler, Neslisşah Rakicioğlu
AIM: Beverages are globally significant sources of water in the diet. There is a lack of knowledge about fluid intake from beverage and water consumption in Turkey. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the type of drinks preferred at meals and snacks as well as the daily fluid, beverage and water intakes based on age and gender. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 3411 randomly chosen adult participants (n = 1522 male, n = 1919 female) representing the general profile of central Turkey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731552/development-of-food-lists-as-a-first-step-to-develop-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-toddlers-in-a-multi-ethnic-population
#12
Farya Mubarik, Kalpana Bhaskaran, Stephanie Kho, Carel Vereijken, Smita Nambiar, Simone Eussen, Leilani Muhardi
AIM: Toddlerhood is an important stage of growth, thus understanding the food intake of children in this age group is important. In Singapore, there is currently no simple tool, such as Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), to collect dietary information from this ethnically diverse age group. Generating an appropriate food list is a crucial step in the development of a FFQ and this step is not clearly documented in the literature. The purpose of this study is to generate food lists and portion sizes for toddlers from three major ethnic groups in Singapore and document the processes involved in this first stage...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731359/western-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-severe-coronary-artery-disease
#13
Evangelos Oikonomou, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Gerasimos Siasos, Eleni Kokkou, Alexios Antonopoulos, Georgia Vogiatzi, Sotirios Tsalamandris, Vassiliki Gennimata, Aggelos Papanikolaou, Dimitris Tousoulis
The independent predictive value of an unhealthy diet on the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) requires further investigation. We assessed the impact of dietary pattern on CAD severity. In this cohort study, we included 188 symptomatic stable patients with CAD. Patients were categorized as having severe CAD or nonsevere CAD by coronary angiography. Among several demographics and clinical characteristics, all patients were tested using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Concerning baseline demographic characteristics, there was no difference between patients with severe CAD and nonsevere CAD...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731144/dietary-fiber-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-review
#14
Magdy El-Salhy, Synne Otterasen Ystad, Tarek Mazzawi, Doris Gundersen
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic gastrointestinal disorder. It is widely believed that IBS is caused by a deficient intake of dietary fiber, and most physicians recommend that patients with IBS increase their intake of dietary fiber in order to relieve their symptoms. However, different types of dietary fiber exhibit marked differences in physical and chemical properties, and the associated health benefits are specific for each fiber type. Short-chain soluble and highly fermentable dietary fiber, such as oligosaccharides results in rapid gas production that can cause abdominal pain/discomfort, abdominal bloating/distension and flatulence in patients with IBS...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730841/effectiveness-of-a-worksite-intervention-for-male-construction-workers-on-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-body-mass-index-and-health-outcomes-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Laura Viester, Evert A L M Verhagen, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored intervention for improvement in lifestyle behavior, health indicators, and prevention and reduction of overweight among construction workers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Various blue-collar departments of a large construction company in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Blue-collar workers randomized to an intervention (n = 162) or a control group (n = 152)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730833/short-term-administration-of-melatonin-or-ghrelin-on-diabetic-rats-effects-on-angiotensin-ii-and-vasopressin-induced-uterine-contractility
#16
D Sugár, R Agócs, E Tatár, G Tóth, P Horváth, E Sulyok, A J Szabó
The glycosaminoglycan (GAG) molecules are a group of high molecular weight, negatively charged polysaccharides present abundantly in the mammalian organism. By their virtue of ion and water binding capacity, they may affect the redistribution of body fluids and ultimately the blood pressure. Data from the literature suggests that the mitogens Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF)-A and VEGF-C are able to regulate the amount and charge density of GAGs and their detachment from the cell surface. Based on these findings we investigated the relationship between the level of dietary sodium intake, the expression levels of VEGF-A and VEGF-C, and the amount of the skin GAGs hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulphate in an in vivo rat model...
July 18, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730705/-those-who-care-much-understand-much-maternal-perceptions-of-children-s-appetite-perspectives-from-urban-and-rural-caregivers-of-diverse-parenting-experience-in-bangladesh
#17
Nurun Naila, Baitun Nahar, Monica Lazarus, Gaelen Ritter, Muttaquina Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Tahmeed Ahmed, Donna Denno, Judd Walson, Scott Ickes
Appetite in children is an important determinant of nutritional intake and growth. The information used by caregivers to understand children's appetite can help inform infant and young child feeding promotion and appetite assessment. We conducted a qualitative study to (a) explore maternal perceptions and responses to children's appetite and (b) to identify how these factors differ by type of caregiver, level of maternal experience, and urban versus rural context. We used purposive sampling to recruit mothers and alternate caregivers into 14 total focus group discussions (six to eight participants in each group; N = 95) in both urban and rural settings in Bangladesh...
July 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730507/can-we-use-diet-to-effectively-treat-esophageal-disease-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#18
REVIEW
Carolyn Newberry, Kristle Lynch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Esophageal diseases represent a wide variety of conditions affecting esophageal anatomy, physiology, and motility. Therapy focuses on pharmacotherapy and endoscopic or surgical management. Dietary therapy can be considered in management algorithms for specific esophageal diseases. This review focuses on outlining the literature related to dietary therapy in gastroesophageal reflux disease, eosinophilic esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal adenocarcinoma...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729327/dietary-intake-and-factors-influencing-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-south-asian-men-living-in-the-uk-mixed-method-study
#19
Amir Emadian, Clare Y England, Janice L Thompson
OBJECTIVE: It is widely recognised that South Asian men living in the UK are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) than their white British counterparts. Despite this, limited data have been published quantifying current dietary intake patterns and qualitatively exploring eating behaviours in this population. The objectives of this study were to (1) assess diet, (2) explore perceptions of T2DM, (3) investigate factors influencing eating behaviours in overweight/obese South Asian men and (4) determine the suitability of the UK Diet and Diabetes Questionnaire (UKDDQ) for use in this population...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728405/effect-of-rapeseed-meal-supplementation-to-gestation-diet-on-reproductive-rerformance-blood-profiles-and-milk-composition-of-sows
#20
Hyunbong Choi, Song Shan Jin, Sung Woong Jung, Jae Cheol Jang, Jin Su Hong, Jae Hark Jeong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation levels of rapeseed meal (RSM) in gestation diets on reproductive performance, blood profiles and milk composition of sows and performance of their progeny. Methods: A total of 55 mixed-parity sows (Yorkshire × Landrace; average parity = 3.82) with an initial body weight (BW) of 193.0 kg were used in this experiment. Sows were allotted to one of 5 treatments at breeding based on BW and backfat thickness in a completely randomized design...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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