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dietary intake

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161380/anaemia-and-associated-factors-in-homeless-children-in-the-paris-region-the-enfams-survey
#1
Amandine Arnaud, Sandrine Lioret, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Yann Le Strat
Background: Food insecurity is a major concern in homeless population, however nutritional consequences remain poorly documented, especially for children. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of anaemia and to investigate the relation between both food insecurity and dietary intake to moderate-to-severe anaemia (MSA) in homeless sheltered children. Methods: In 2013, a cross-sectional survey was conducted on a random sample of 801 sheltered homeless families in the Paris region...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161331/combined-effects-of-fruit-and-vegetables-intake-and-physical-activity-on-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-chinese-adults
#2
Xin-Tong Li, Wei Liao, Hong-Jie Yu, Ming-Wei Liu, Shuai Yuan, Bo-Wen Tang, Xu-Hao Yang, Yong Song, Yao Huang, Shi-le Cheng, Zhi-Yu Chen, Samuel D Towne, Zong-Fu Mao, Qi-Qiang He
BACKGROUND: Unbalanced dietary intake and insufficient physical activity (PA) have been recognized as risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aimed to examine the independent and combined effects of fruit and vegetables (FV) intake and PA on MetS. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among residents of China in 2009, with fasting blood samples collected. Participants were divided into sufficient/insufficient FV intake and adequate/ inadequate PA groups according to self-reported questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161239/the-impact-of-folate-intake-on-the-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-the-prostate-lung-colorectal-and-ovarian-cancer-screening-trial-plco-cohort
#3
Daisuke Kawakita, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Lisa H Gren, Saundra S Buys, Carlo La Vecchia, Mia Hashibe
BACKGROUND: Although low levels of folate leads to disturbances in DNA replication, DNA methylation and DNA repair, the association between dietary folate intake and head and neck cancer (HNC) risk remains unclear. METHODS: We evaluated the association between folate intake and HNC risk using prospective cohort data from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) cancer screening trial. This study included 101 700 participants and 186 cases with confirmed incident HNC...
November 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161081/diet-obesity-and-asthma
#4
Lisa G Wood
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in many developed countries as Western dietary patterns have been widely adopted. These diets are characterized by excess energy intake as well as regular consumption of processed or "fast" foods and limited consumption of fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. The result is a high intake of saturated fat, refined carbohydrates, and sodium; and a low intake of fiber, vitamins, and other phytochemicals. This type of poor-quality diet has been associated with increased risk of chronic inflammatory diseases, including asthma...
November 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160902/proportion-and-number-of-cancer-cases-and-deaths-attributable-to-potentially-modifiable-risk-factors-in-the-united-states
#5
Farhad Islami, Ann Goding Sauer, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Eric J Jacobs, Marjorie L McCullough, Alpa V Patel, Jiemin Ma, Isabelle Soerjomataram, W Dana Flanders, Otis W Brawley, Susan M Gapstur, Ahmedin Jemal
Contemporary information on the fraction of cancers that potentially could be prevented is useful for priority setting in cancer prevention and control. Herein, the authors estimate the proportion and number of invasive cancer cases and deaths, overall (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers) and for 26 cancer types, in adults aged 30 years and older in the United States in 2014, that were attributable to major, potentially modifiable exposures (cigarette smoking; secondhand smoke; excess body weight; alcohol intake; consumption of red and processed meat; low consumption of fruits/vegetables, dietary fiber, and dietary calcium; physical inactivity; ultraviolet radiation; and 6 cancer-associated infections)...
November 21, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160826/the-communication-awareness-relationships-and-empowerment-c-a-r-e-model-an-effective-tool-for-engaging-urban-communities-in-community-based-participatory-research
#6
Joniqua Ceasar, Marlene H Peters-Lawrence, Valerie Mitchell, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Little is known about recruitment methods for racial/ethnic minority populations from resource-limited areas for community-based health and needs assessments, particularly assessments that incorporate mobile health (mHealth) technology for characterizing physical activity and dietary intake. We examined whether the Communication, Awareness, Relationships and Empowerment (C.A.R.E.) model could reduce challenges recruiting and retaining participants from faith-based organizations in predominantly African American Washington, D...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#7
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160021/sleep-timing-is-associated-with-diet-and-physical-activity-levels-in-9-11-year-old-children-from-dunedin-new-zealand-the-pedals-study
#8
Harriet A L Harrex, Sheila A Skeaff, Katherine E Black, Brittany K Davison, Jillian J Haszard, Kim Meredith-Jones, Robin Quigg, Pouya Saeedi, Lee Stoner, Jyh E Wong, Paula M L Skidmore
It is well documented that short sleep duration is associated with excess body weight and poor food intake in children. It has been suggested that sleep timing behaviour may also be an important predictor of weight and other related behaviours, independent of sleep duration; however, there is a lack of research investigating these relationships. The present study investigated sleep timing in association with diet and physical activity levels in 439 children aged 9-11 years old from New Zealand. Sleep and physical activity data were collected using accelerometry, and food choice using a short food-frequency questionnaire...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159993/low-fodmaps-diet-vs-general-dietary-advice-improves-clinical-response-in-patients-with-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Mohammad Javad Zahedi, Vahideh Behrouz, Maryam Azimi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent evidence indicates that new approach of the diet with low Fermentable Oligo-Di-Mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) may has an effective role in management of the patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We compared the results of low FODMAP diet vs. current dietary treatment, general dietary advices (GDA), on the clinical response in patients with diarrhea subtype of IBS (IBS-D). METHODS: In this randomized, controlled, single-blind trial, we included 110 patients with IBS-D in 2 intervention groups...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159669/thyroid-hormones-and-commonly-cited-symptoms-of-overtraining-in-collegiate-female-endurance-runners
#10
Justin X Nicoll, Disa L Hatfield, Kathleen J Melanson, Christopher S Nasin
PURPOSE: Overtraining syndrome (OTS) is reported in endurance sports. Thyroid hormones (TH) regulate metabolism, mood, and energy production, and may play a role in OTS of endurance athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships in TH and symptoms of OTS in track and field endurance runners (ER). METHODS: Sixteen female track and field middle distance (MD; n = 9; age: 20.2 ± 1.5 years; ht: 167.86 ± 5.04 cm; body-mass: 57.97 ± 5...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159485/beriberi-outbreak-among-unauthorised-immigrants-in-a-detention-camp-in-malaysia
#11
Sunita Abdul Rahman, Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, Fadzilah Kamaludin, Intan Azura Din, Mahanim Yusof, Kamruddin Ahmed
In February 2012, a district health authority received three inmates with bilateral leg swelling and difficulty in breathing from a detention camp for unauthorized immigrants. A case control study was conducted. Fasting blood samples of case and control groups were collected according to instructions of the laboratory for determining thiamine level, and their 1 week dietary intake was analyzed. 9% (21/226) of inmates had bilateral leg swelling, and 75% (6/8) of them had low thiamine level (< 66 mmol/L)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158191/association-between-coffee-intake-after-diagnosis-of-colorectal-cancer-and-reduced-mortality
#12
Yang Hu, Ming Ding, Chen Yuan, Kana Wu, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Frank B Hu, Andrew T Chan, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Shuji Ogino, Charles S Fuchs, Edward L Giovannucci, Mingyang Song
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few studies have examined the association between coffee intake and survival after diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). We performed a prospective study to investigate the association between coffee intake after a diagnosis of CRC and mortality. METHODS: We collected data from the Nurses' Health Study (1984-2012) and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2012), following 1599 patients diagnosed with stage 1 or 2 CRC. CRC was reported on questionnaires and ascertained by review of medical records and pathology reports; intake of food and beverages was determined from responses to semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires...
November 17, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157327/differences-in-the-sodium-content-of-bread-products-in-the-usa-and-uk-implications-for-policy
#13
Kasey J Coyne, Abigail S Baldridge, Mark D Huffman, Katharine Jenner, Dagan Xavier, Elizabeth K Dunford
OBJECTIVE: Americans consume Na in excess of daily recommendations. Most dietary Na comes from packaged foods, and bread is a major contributor. In the UK, national Na reduction strategies contributed to lower Na levels in packaged foods and lower population Na intake. Similar initiatives are emerging in the USA and require surveillance to assess effectiveness. We aimed to examine Na levels in bread products in the USA and compare levels with similar UK products. DESIGN: Na data for bread products were obtained from the US Label Insight Open Data Initiative (n 4466) and the FoodSwitch UK database (n 1651)...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157320/comparison-of-high-and-low-trans-fatty-acid-consumers-analyses-of-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-surveys-before-and-after-product-reformulation
#14
Jayne Hutchinson, Holly L Rippin, Jo Jewell, Joao J Breda, Janet E Cade
OBJECTIVE: The WHO encourages the virtual elimination of artificial trans-fatty acids (TFA), which increase CHD risk. Our UK analysis explores whether voluntary reformulation results in differential TFA intakes among socio-economic groups by determining characteristics of high TFA consumers before and after product reformulation. DESIGN: Food intake was collected by 7d weighed records pre-reformulation and 4d diaries post-reformulation. Sociodemographic characteristics of TFA consumers above the WHO limit, and of the top 10 % of TFA consumers as a percentage food energy, were compared with those of lower TFA consumers...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157252/diet-quality-and-therapeutic-targets-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-evaluation-of-concordance-between-dietary-indexes
#15
Juliana Peçanha Antonio, Vanessa Costa da Rosa, Roberta Aguiar Sarmento, Jussara Carnevale de Almeida
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the concordance between two dietary indexes, the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and the Diabetes Healthy Eating Index (DHEI), in evaluating diet quality and its possible association with therapeutic targets in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated at a university hospital. Dietary information was obtained from a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (previously validated for use in patients with type 2 diabetes) and converted into daily intakes...
November 21, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156932/-adequacy-of-the-dietary-intake-of-total-and-added-sugars-in-the-spanish-diet-to-the-recommendations-anibes-study
#16
Enma Ruiz, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
INTRODUCTION: The WHO published in 2015 its recommendations for added sugars intake: < 10% of the total energy (TE) intake in both adults and children. No updated information is available in Spain. OBJECTIVES: To examine total sugar intake, mainly focused on added, and food and beverage sources. To analize fulfillment with WHO recommendations. METHODS: The ANIBES Study of a representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 yr) was used...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156928/-beyond-the-nutritional-value-of-yogurt-a-diet-quality-indicator
#17
Nancy Babio, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Yogurt is a nutrient-dense probiotic food with unique properties. It has been associated with healthy dietary patterns and postulated as a marker of diet quality. In this report we describe the nutritional composition of yogurt as a good source of several micronutrients, which may help to improve diet quality and maintain metabolic well-being as part of a healthy dietary pattern. The results of this report indicate that yogurt consumers have overall higher diet quality. Increasing yogurt consumption may help to improve the intake of some shortfall vitamins and minerals, as part of a well energy-balanced diet...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156927/-the-evolution-of-nutritional-information-and-communication-about-food-and-beverages-the-last-50-years
#18
Deyanira Quirós-Villegas, Isabel Estévez-Martínez, Aránzazu Perales-García, Rafael Urrialde
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional information directed to consumers has evolved in some key aspects such as nutritional parameters, qualitative characteristics of the product and the necessary requirements for their communication. OBJECTIVES: To provide a general overview of legislative developments in nutrition communication in the last 50 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature review of available literature and European and Spanish Regulations...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156838/associations-between-dietary-folate-intake-and-risks-of-esophageal-gastric-and-pancreatic-cancers-an-overall-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#19
Wen Liu, Heng Zhou, Yaoqi Zhu, Chaorong Tie
There are still some controversies on the association between dietary folate intake and the risk of upper gastrointestinal cancers including esophageal, gastric and pancreatic cancers. Hence, a comprehensive meta-analysis on all available literatures was performed to clarify the relationship between dietary folate intake and risks of upper gastrointestinal cancers. An electric search was performed up to December 12(th), 2016 within the PubMed, MEDLINE AND EMBASE databases. Ultimately, a total of 46 studies which evaluated the association between folate intake and risks of upper gastrointestinal cancers were included...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156651/specific-effects-of-chronic-dietary-exposure-to-chlorpyrifos-on-brain-gene-expression-a-mouse-study
#20
Maria Michela Pallotta, Raffaele Ronca, Rosa Carotenuto, Immacolata Porreca, Mimmo Turano, Concetta Ambrosino, Teresa Capriglione
chlorpyrifos (CPF) is an organophosphate insecticide used to control pests on a variety of food and feed crops. In mammals, maternal exposure to CPF has been reported to induce cerebral cortex thinning, alteration of long-term brain cognitive function, and Parkinson-like symptoms, but the mechanisms of these processes are not fully understood. In this study, we aimed to gain a deeper understanding of the alterations induced in the brains of mice chronically exposed to CPF by dietary intake. For our purpose, we analysed F1 offspring (sacrificed at 3 and 8 months) of Mus musculus, treated in utero and postnatally with 3 different doses of CPF (0...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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