keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic disease in elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778090/massive-pericardial-effusion-without-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-subclinical-hypothyroidism-hashimoto-s-disease
#1
Panteleimon E Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos Gourniezakis, Christos Skiadas, Alexandros Patrianakos, Achilleas Gikas
CONTEXT: Hypothyroidism is a significant cause of pericardial effusion. However, large pericardial effusions due to hypothyroidism are extremely rare. Hormone replacement therapy is the cornerstone of treatment for hypothyroidism and regular follow-up of patients after initiation of the therapy is indicated. Herein, the case of a 70-year-old woman with a massive pericardial effusion due to Hashimoto's disease is presented. ISSUES: A 70-year-old female from a rural village on the island of Crete, Greece, was admitted to our hospital due to a urinary tract infection...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776756/sex-hormone-binding-globulin-is-a-biomarker-associated-with-nonvertebral-fracture-in-men-on-dialysis-therapy
#2
Jasna Aleksova, Phillip Wong, Robert McLachlan, Kay Weng Choy, Peter R Ebeling, Frances Milat, Grahame J Elder
Gonadal hormones impact bone health and higher values of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) have been independently associated with fracture risk in men without chronic kidney disease. People with chronic kidney disease have a greatly increased fracture risk, and gonadal dysfunction is common in men receiving dialysis treatment. Nevertheless, in these men the effect of gonadal steroids and SHBG on bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk is unknown. Here we investigate relationships between gonadal steroids, SHBG, BMD and fracture in men on long-term dialysis therapy, awaiting kidney or simultaneous pancreas kidney transplantation...
May 15, 2018: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775762/aortic-vascular-calcification-is-inversely-associated-with-the-trabecular-bone-score-in-patients-receiving-dialysis
#3
Jasna Aleksova, Samantha Kurniawan, Mirna Vucak-Dzumhur, Peter Kerr, Peter R Ebeling, Frances Milat, Grahame J Elder
INTRODUCTION: Progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) confers a marked increase in risk for vascular calcification, cardiovascular disease, fracture and mortality, with likely contributing factors including dysregulated bone metabolism and mineral homeostasis. In general population studies, increased vascular calcification is directly related to mortality and inversely related to bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). In patients with CKD, abnormalities in turnover, mineralization and bone volume, reduce the ability of DXA to predict fracture...
May 15, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765337/plethysmographic-loops-a-window-on-the-lung-pathophysiology-of-copd-patients
#4
Dejan Radovanovic, Matteo Pecchiari, Fabio Pirracchio, Camilla Zilianti, Edgardo D'Angelo, Pierachille Santus
Plethysmographic alveolar pressure-flow ( P alv - F ) loops contain potentially relevant information about the pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but no quantitative analysis of these loops during spontaneous breathing has ever been performed. The area of the loop's inspiratory ( A ins ) and expiratory portion ( A exp ), and the difference between the end-expiratory and end-inspiratory alveolar pressure (Δ P alv ) were measured in 20 young, 20 elderly healthy subjects, and 130 stable COPD patients...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765209/using-the-frailty-assessment-for-care-planning-tool-fact-to-screen-elderly-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-for-frailty-the-nurse-experience
#5
Heather Moffatt, Paige Moorhouse, Laurie Mallery, David Landry, Karthik Tennankore
Purpose: Recent evidence supports the prognostic significance of frailty for functional decline and poor health outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease. Yet, despite the development of clinical tools to screen for frailty, little is known about the experiential impact of screening for frailty in this setting. The Frailty Assessment for Care Planning Tool (FACT) evaluates frailty across 4 domains: mobility, function, social circumstances, and cognition. The purpose of this qualitative study was as follows: 1) explore the nurse experience of screening for frailty using the FACT tool in a specialized outpatient renal clinic; 2) determine how, if at all, provider perceptions of frailty changed after implementation of the frailty screening tool; and 3) determine the perceived factors that influence uptake and administration of the FACT screening tool in a specialized clinical setting...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754908/an-operational-definition-of-shats-systemic-hemodynamic-atherosclerotic-syndrome-role-of-arterial-stiffness-and-blood-pressure-variability-in-elderly-hypertensive-subjects
#6
Angelo Scuteri, Valentina Rovella, Danilo Alunni Fegatelli, Manfredi Tesauro, Marco Gabriele, Nicola Di Daniele
BACKGROUND: CV risk exponentially increases as the number of damaged organs increases The Systemic Hemodynamic Atherosclerotic Syndrome (SHATS) represents a novel conceptualization of the CV continuum focusing on simultaneous multi-organ alteration. This is the first study operationally defining SHATS and aimed at identifying its determinants. METHODS: Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (echocardiography), Common Carotid Artery plaque and increased thickness (ultrasound), and Chronic Kidney Disease (estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate) indexed selective target organ damage...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753158/melphalan-based-reduced-intensity-conditioning-is-associated-with-favorable-disease-control-and-acceptable-toxicities-in-patients-older-than-70-with-hematologic-malignancies-undergoing-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#7
Monzr M Al Malki, Nitya Nathwani, Dongyun Yang, Saro Armenian, Sanjeet Dadwal, Jaroslava Salman, Sally Mokhtari, Thai Cao, Karamjeet Sandhu, Michelle Rouse, Matthew Mei, Haris Ali, Pablo Parker, Joseph Alvarnas, Eileen Smith, Margaret O Donnell, Guido Marcucci, David Snyder, Auayporn Nademanee, Stephen J Forman, Anthony Stein, Ryotaro Nakamura
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AlloHCT) is offered increasingly to elderly patients with hematologic malignancies. However, outcome data in those who are 70 years or older are limited, and no standard conditioning regimen has been established for this population. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the outcome of 53 consecutive patients aged 70 years and older who underwent AlloHCT with melphalan (Mel)-based reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) at City of Hope. Engraftment was prompt, with median time to neutrophil engraftment of 15 days...
May 9, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752657/increased-adiponectin-is-associated-with-cerebral-white-matter-lesions-in-the-elderly-with-cognitive-impairment
#8
Youshi Fujita, Takashi Toyomoto, Tomomi Sakoh-Goshima, Yutaka Kohno, Masafumi Okada, Tadanori Hamano, Yasunari Nakamoto
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived peptide that increases with age and is thought to protect against atherosclerotic vascular changes and organ damage. However, paradoxically, higher adiponectin levels are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular events and mortality. We investigated whether this adiponectin paradox occurs in elderly people with cognitive impairment. Fifty-two elderly participants with mild cognitive impairment or dementia (20 male and 32 female, aged 60-93 years, mean 80.0) were recruited...
May 11, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752187/clinical-outcomes-after-varicose-vein-procedures-in-octogenarians-within-the-vascular-quality-initiative-varicose-vein-registry
#9
Danielle C Sutzko, Andrea T Obi, Andrew S Kimball, Margaret E Smith, Thomas W Wakefield, Nicholas H Osborne
BACKGROUND: Whereas chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins (VVs) are a universally recognized problem, they are frequently underappreciated as major contributors to long-term morbidity in the elderly despite the increasing prevalence with age. Previous studies have demonstrated that chronic venous insufficiency and VV treatments in patients ≥65 years old yield an overall benefit; however, there have been few data as to whether octogenarians are undergoing these procedures and with what success...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751840/prevalence-of-the-potentially-inappropriate-kampo-medications-to-be-used-with-caution-among-elderly-patients-taking-any-prescribed-kampo-medications-at-a-single-centre-in-japan-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#10
Junpei Komagamine, Kazuhiko Hagane
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the prevalence and characteristics of potentially inappropriate Kampo medication use among elderly ambulatory patients taking any prescribed Kampo medications. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using electronic medical records. All patients aged 65 years or older who continued visiting internal medicine physicians and were prescribed any Kampo medications from January 2015 to March 2015 were included...
May 11, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749015/usual-energy-and-macronutrient-intakes-in-a-large-sample-of-iranian-middle-aged-and-elderly-populations
#11
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi, Leila Azadbakht, Noushin Mohammadifard, Maryam Maghroun, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: The present study aimed to assess the usual distribution of energy and macronutrient intake among a large representative sample of Iranian healthy middle-aged and elderly people. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a second follow-up survey of the Isfahan Cohort Study (ICS) was carried out; 1922 people aged 40 years and older were investigated. Dietary intakes were collected using 24-hour recall and two or more consecutive food records. Distribution of energy and macronutrient intake was estimated using traditional and National Cancer Institute (NCI) methods...
May 10, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747990/asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-elderly-what-is-new-under-the-sun
#12
EDITORIAL
John R Cohn, Nicola Scichilone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742176/proportion-and-clinical-characteristics-of-non-asthmatic-non-smokers-among-adults-with-airflow-obstruction
#13
Hiroto Takiguchi, Tomoe Takeuchi, Kyoko Niimi, Hiromi Tomomatsu, Katsuyoshi Tomomatsu, Naoki Hayama, Tsuyoshi Oguma, Takuya Aoki, Tetsuya Urano, Satomi Asai, Hayato Miyachi, Koichiro Asano
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mainly develops after long-term exposure to cigarette or biomass fuel smoke, but also occurs in non-smokers with or without a history of asthma. We investigated the proportion and clinical characteristics of non-smokers among middle-aged to elderly subjects with airflow obstruction. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 1,892 subjects aged 40-89 years who underwent routine preoperative spirometry at a tertiary university hospital in Japan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741669/prevalence-of-schizophrenia-in-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#14
Vasco Vanhala, Antti Junkkari, Ville E Korhonen, Mitja I Kurki, Mikko Hiltunen, Tuomas Rauramaa, Ossi Nerg, Anne M Koivisto, Anne M Remes, Jonna Perälä, Jaana Suvisaari, Soili M Lehto, Heimo Viinamäki, Hilkka Soininen, Juha E Jääskeläinen, Ville Leinonen
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a progressive and potentially treatable neurodegenerative disease affecting elderly people, characterized by gait impairment and ventricular enlargement in brain imaging. Similar findings are seen in some patients with schizophrenia (SCZ). OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of SCZ among patients suffering from probable or possible iNPH and the specific effects of comorbid SCZ on the outcome of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting...
May 8, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740839/ageing-and-inflammation-in-the-male-reproductive-tract
#15
REVIEW
M B Frungieri, R S Calandra, A Bartke, M E Matzkin
Ageing is usually characterised by a mild chronic proinflammatory state. Despite the tight association between both processes, the phenomenon has recently been termed inflammageing. Inflammation in the male reproductive tract is frequently linked with bacterial or virus infections but also with a broad range of noninfectious processes. Prostatitis, epididymitis and orchitis, among others, can lead to infertility. However, in spite of the inflammation theory of disease, chronic inflammation in male urogenital system does not always cause symptoms...
May 8, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739721/trends-in-influenza-vaccination-coverage-rates-in-south-korea-from-2005-to-2014-effect-of-public-health-policies-on-vaccination-behavior
#16
Jeongmin Seo, Juwon Lim
BACKGROUND: Influenza is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Annual vaccination is effective in its prevention and is recommended especially in susceptible populations such as the elderly over 65 years, children younger than 5, pregnant women, and people with chronic diseases. Overall, South Korea has a high vaccination rate owing to its National Immunization Program, although the method and extent of its coverage varies among the target subgroups. The aim of this study is to assess the trend of influenza vaccination coverage between 2005 and 2014 in South Korea to address the influence of sociodemographic and disease factors on vaccination behavior...
May 5, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739707/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-increased-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-in-elderly-patients-admitted-for-acute-heart-failure
#17
Filippo Valbusa, Davide Agnoletti, Luca Scala, Cristina Grillo, Pietro Arduini, Stefano Bonapace, Stefano Calabria, Giuliana Scaturro, Alessandro Mantovani, Giacomo Zoppini, Emanuela Turcato, Aldo Pietro Maggioni, Guido Arcaro, Giovanni Targher
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an emerging risk factor for incident heart failure (HF). It is currently unknown whether NAFLD predicts all-cause mortality in patients admitted for acute HF. We aimed to assess whether NAFLD and its severity (diagnosed by ultrasonography and non-invasive fibrosis biomarkers) were associated with increased all-cause mortality in this particularly high-risk patient population. METHODS: We studied 264 elderly patients, who were consecutively admitted for acute HF to the hospital between years 2013 and 2015, after excluding those with acute myocardial infarction, severe valvular heart diseases, kidney failure, cancer, cirrhosis of any etiology or known chronic liver diseases...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738272/fall-episodes-in-elderly-patients-with-asthma-and-copd-a-pilot-study
#18
Andrzej Bozek, Jerzy Jarzab, Ewa Hadas, Marek Jakalski, Giorgio Walter Canonica
OBJECTIVE: Evidence of an increased risk of falls in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exists; however, this has not been studied in elderly asthmatic patients. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of falls in elderly patients who were diagnosed with bronchial asthma compared to subjects with COPD. METHODS: A 12 - month prospective observational study in elderly outpatients with diagnosis of either asthma or COPD was conducted...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736929/determinants-of-regret-in-elderly-dialysis-patients
#19
Edlyn Gui Fang Tan, Irene Teo, Eric A Finkelstein, Choong Meng Chan
BACKGROUND: In Singapore, most elderly end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients choose dialysis over palliative management. However, dialysis may not be the optimal treatment option given only moderate survival benefits and high costs and treatment burden compared to non-dialysis management. Elderly patients may therefore come to regret this decision. This study investigated (1) extent of patients' decision regret after starting dialysis, and (2) potentially modifiable predictors of regret: satisfaction with chronic kidney disease education, decisional conflict, and decision-making involvement...
May 7, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736399/once-weekly-hypofractionated-radiotherapy-for-breast-cancer-in-elderly-patients-efficacy-and-tolerance-in-486-patients
#20
Javier Sanz, Min Zhao, Nuria Rodríguez, Raquel Granado, Palmira Foro, Ana Reig, Ismael Membrive, Manuel Algara
Purpose: Radiation therapy is a key treatment of breast cancer. Elderly patients with associated diseases that modify their performance status do not tolerate long periods of daily irradiation. The objective of this study is to analyze the results of weekly hypofractionated treatment in these patients. Material and Methods: Between 1992 and 2016, we included 486 elderly patients presenting concomitant pathology or sociofamilial problems in which it was not feasible to propose conventional treatment...
2018: BioMed Research International
keyword
keyword
56006
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"