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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750278/neuropsychological-deficits-in-adults-age-60-and-above-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
L B Thorell, Y Holst, H Chistiansen, J J S Kooij, D Bijlenga, D Sjöwall
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological deficits are of major importance in ADHD, yet no previous studies have assessed clinically referred samples of older adults. The authors compared older adults with ADHD (60-75years) with both younger adults with ADHD (18-45years) and older healthy controls with regard to various neuropsychological deficits. METHODS: Well-established tests were used to investigate working memory, inhibition, switching, planning, fluency, and speed of processing...
June 27, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749829/the-presence-of-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-may-be-associated-with-interpersonal-sensitivity-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#2
Ahmet Koyuncu, Fahri Çelebi, Erhan Ertekin, Çağdaş Ö Memiş, Raşit Tükel
The goal of this study was to evaluate a possible association between childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and interpersonal sensitivity in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). The study involved 125 adult outpatients with a primary diagnosis of SAD. To evaluate childhood ADHD, the ADHD module of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) was used. Clinical and sociodemographic data were collected and clinical rating scales were completed...
July 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749421/dsm-5-changes-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-implications-for-comorbid-sleep-issues
#3
REVIEW
Ujjwal P Ramtekkar
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are the most common neurodevelopmental disorders. Despite significant comorbidity, the previous diagnostic criteria prohibited the simultaneous diagnosis of both disorders. Sleep problems are highly prevalent in both disorders; however, these have been studied independently for ADHD and ASD. In the context of revised criteria in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-5) that allows combined diagnosis of ADHD and ASD, this short review presents an overview of relationship between sleep problems, ADHD and ASD, as well as conceptualizing the shared pathophysiology...
July 27, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749241/considerations-for-adhd-in-the-child-with-epilepsy-and-the-child-with-migraine
#4
David W Dunn, Jennifer Downs, Julianne Giust
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common comorbid condition in children with epilepsy and migraine. Treatment of ADHD in children with epilepsy or migraine is essential but clinicians may overlook symptoms of ADHD and avoid appropriate use of medications that may reduce symptoms of ADHD without compromising treatment of epilepsy or migraine. Areas covered: PubMed was searched for articles on ADHD and epilepsy or migraine. Key papers were reviewed for additional articles. Areas of interest were: epidemiology, etiological factors, and treatment with emphasis on therapy...
July 27, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748735/an-eeg-investigation-of-the-attention-related-impact-of-mindfulness-training-in-youth-with-adhd-outcomes-and-methodological-considerations
#5
Annabel Sibalis, Karen Milligan, Carson Pun, Trish McKeough, Louis A Schmidt, Sidney J Segalowitz
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the impact of an activity-based mindfulness treatment on EEG indices of attention in youth with ADHD aged 11 to 17 years compared with a waitlist control group. METHOD: Pre- and post-treatment, EEG was recorded as participants completed a single-point focus rest task and two active attention tasks. Theta power, beta power, and theta/beta ratio (TBR) were calculated during each task. RESULTS: A significant group by time by task interaction was found that indicated significant improvement in attentional ability, indexed by decreased TBR, for the treatment group but not controls...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748725/recent-trends-in-the-prescribing-of-adhd-medications-in-canadian-primary-care
#6
Rachael Morkem, Scott Patten, John Queenan, David Barber
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and incidence of ADHD medication prescribing, by age and gender, from 2005 to 2015 in Canadian primary care. METHOD: A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the prescribing of ADHD medications between 2005 and 2015 using electronic medical record data. Yearly prevalence and incidence of ADHD medication prescribing were calculated for preschoolers (up to 5 years old), school-aged children (6-17 years old), and adults (18-65 years old) along with a description of the types of ADHD medications prescribed between 2005 and 2015...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746699/association-of-risk-of-suicide-attempts-with-methylphenidate-treatment
#7
Kenneth K C Man, David Coghill, Esther W Chan, Wallis C Y Lau, Chris Hollis, Elizabeth Liddle, Tobias Banaschewski, Suzanne McCarthy, Antje Neubert, Kapil Sayal, Patrick Ip, Martijn J Schuemie, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Jan Buitelaar, Sara Carucci, Alessandro Zuddas, Hanna Kovshoff, Peter Garas, Peter Nagy, Sarah K Inglis, Kerstin Konrad, Alexander Häge, Eric Rosenthal, Ian C K Wong
Importance: Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at an increased risk of attempting suicide. Stimulants, such as methylphenidate hydrochloride, are the most common treatment for ADHD, but the association between their therapeutic use and suicide is unclear. Objective: To investigate the association between methylphenidate and the risk of suicide attempts. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based, electronic medical records database from the Hong Kong Clinical Data Analysis & Reporting System was used to identify 25 629 individuals aged 6 to 25 years who were treated with methylphenidate between January 1, 2001, and December 31, 2015...
July 26, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745216/insights-in-developmental-coordination-disorder
#8
Marie Farmer, Bernard Echenne, Regen Drouin, M Hamed Bentourkia
BACKGROUND: Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a neurological impairment occurring in nearly 6% of general population, and sometimes mimics other developmental disorders like Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or, in the most severe cases, intellectual deficiency. OBJECTIVE: We propose in this review a contribution on this matter in order to provide better insights in DCD including clinical symptoms and pathophysiological explanations that would identify this entity from others...
July 26, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745107/effectiveness-of-psychotherapy-in-adult-adhd-what-do-patients-think-results-of-the-compas-study
#9
Vivien Groß, Caroline Lücke, Erika Graf, Alexandra P Lam, Swantje Matthies, Patricia Borel, Esther Sobanski, Michael Rösler, Wolfgang Retz, Christian Jacob, Michael Colla, Michael Huss, Thomas Jans, Bernhard Kis, Mona Abdel-Hamid, Ludger Tebartz van Elst, Alexandra Philipsen
OBJECTIVE: In the multicenter study Comparison of Methylphenidate and Psychotherapy in Adult ADHD (COMPAS), the efficacy of treatments has been primarily evaluated by observer-rated symptom change. Here, we additionally analyzed the patients' subjective evaluation of therapy effects. METHOD: COMPAS compared ADHD-specific group therapy with unspecific clinical management with/without concomitant pharmacotherapy in a four-armed design. Evaluation through the patients' retrospective perspective was performed after 1 year (post-treatment) and after another 1...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744244/further-insight-into-the-effectiveness-of-a-behavioral-teacher-program-targeting-adhd-symptoms-using-actigraphy-classroom-observations-and-peer-ratings
#10
Betty Veenman, Marjolein Luman, Jaap Oosterlaan
Objective: The Positivity and Rules program (PR program), a low-level behavioral teacher program targeting symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), has shown positive effects on teacher-rated ADHD symptoms and social functioning. This study aimed to assess whether program effects could be confirmed by instruments assessing classroom behavior other than teacher-ratings, given teachers' involvement with the training. Methods: Participants were 114 primary school children (age = 6-13) displaying ADHD symptoms in the classroom, who were randomly assigned to the treatment (n = 58) or control group (n = 65)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744191/event-related-potentials-in-a-cued-go-nogo-task-associated-with-executive-functions-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-case-control-study
#11
Anne L Høyland, Geir Øgrim, Stian Lydersen, Sigrun Hope, Morten Engstrøm, Tonje Torske, Terje Nærland, Ole A Andreassen
Executive functions are often affected in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The underlying biology is however not well known. In the DSM-5, ASD is characterized by difficulties in two domains: Social Interaction and Repetitive and Restricted Behavior, RRB. Insistence of Sameness is part of RRB and has been reported related to executive functions. We aimed to identify differences between ASD and typically developing (TD) adolescents in Event Related Potentials (ERPs) associated with response preparation, conflict monitoring and response inhibition using a cued Go-NoGo paradigm...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742874/the-relationship-between-early-and-late-event-related-potentials-and-temperament-in-adolescents-with-and-without-adhd
#12
Brittany R Alperin, Hanna Gustafsson, Christiana Smith, Sarah L Karalunas
Differences in emotional processing are prevalent in adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are related to clinical impairment, but substantial heterogeneity exists. Within ADHD, some individuals experience difficulty with positive/approach emotions, negative/withdrawal emotions, or both. These problems may reflect differences in emotional reactivity, emotion regulation, or a combination, and the neurophysiological correlates remain unclear. Event-related potentials were collected from 109 adolescents (49 with ADHD) while they completed an emotional go/no-go task with three conditions: happy (positive/approach), fear (negative/withdrawal), and neutral...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742722/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-functional-defecation-disorders-in-children
#13
Sophie Kuizenga-Wessel, Ilan J N Koppen, Mana H Vriesman, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Marieke van Dijk, Maureen L R Beelen, Michael Groeneweg, Reino J Stoffelsen, Marc A Benninga
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children presenting with functional defecation disorders (FDDs) and to assess the prevalence of FDDs in children with ADHD. METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort study was carried out between September 2014 and May 2016. Group 1: Parents of children with FDDs according to the Rome III criteria completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the VvGK (Dutch questionnaire based on the American Disruptive Behavior Disorder rating scale)...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742115/mind-wandering-during-attention-performance-effects-of-adhd-inattention-symptomatology-negative-mood-ruminative-response-style-and-working-memory-capacity
#14
Lisa M Jonkman, C Rob Markus, Michael S Franklin, Jens H van Dalfsen
OBJECTIVE: In adulthood, depressive mood is often comorbid with ADHD, but its role in ADHD-inattentiveness and especially relations with mind wandering remains to be elucidated. This study investigated the effects of laboratory-induced dysphoric mood on task-unrelated mind wandering and its consequences on cognitive task performance in college students with high (n = 46) or low (n = 44) ADHD-Inattention symptomatology and Hyperactivity/Impulsivity symptoms in the normal range. METHODS: These non-clinical high/low ADHD-Inattention symptom groups underwent negative or positive mood induction after which mind wandering frequency was measured in a sustained attention (SART), and a reading task...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741968/review-of-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-south-africa
#15
A P Munasur-Naidoo, I Truter
Recently, there has been a greater focus on adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) given that the symptoms persist in two-thirds of patients into adulthood. Areas covered: A systematic review of articles reporting on adult ADHD in SA was undertaken. From the database search, 1209 articles were identified, with 29 articles included in this analysis. Expert Commentary: Fourteen of the 29 studies reviewed were exploratory, 10 were reviews/commentaries, four were developmental studies and one was a phenomenological study...
July 25, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741625/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-youths-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials-and-biological-studies
#16
JanePei-Chen Chang, Kuan-Pin Su, Valeria Mondelli, Carmine M Pariante
The role of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 or n-3 PUFAs) in the pathogenesis and treatment of children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is unclear. A systematic review followed by meta-analysis was conducted on: (1) randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of n-3 PUFAs on clinical symptoms and cognition in children and adolescent with ADHD; and (2) case-control studies assessing the levels of n-3 PUFAs in blood and buccal tissues of children and adolescents with ADHD...
July 25, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741623/effects-of-suvorexant-a-dual-orexin-hypocretin-receptor-antagonist-on-impulsive-behavior-associated-with-cocaine
#17
Taylor A Gentile, Steven J Simmons, Mia N Watson, Krista L Connelly, Eugen Brailoiu, Yanan Zhang, John W Muschamp
Hypothalamic hypocretin (orexin) peptides mediate arousal, attention, and reward processing. Fibers containing orexins project to brain structures that govern motivated behavior, including the ventral tegmental area (VTA). A number of psychiatric conditions, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance use disorders, are characterized by deficits in impulse control, however the relationship between orexin and impulsive behavior is incompletely characterized. The effects of systemic or centrally administered orexin receptor (OXR) antagonists on measures of impulsive-like behavior in rats were evaluated using the five-choice serial reaction time task (5-CSRTT) and delay discounting procedures...
July 25, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741400/high-prevalence-of-dysgraphia-in-elementary-through-high-school-students-with-adhd-and-autism
#18
Susan D Mayes, Rosanna P Breaux, Susan L Calhoun, Sara S Frye
OBJECTIVE: Prevalence of dysgraphia by age across all grade levels was determined in students with ADHD or autism. METHOD: Referred children with normal intelligence and ADHD-Combined, ADHD-Inattentive, or autism ( N = 1,034) were administered the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI) and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC). RESULTS: VMI and WISC Coding scores were significantly lower than IQ and the normal mean of 100 for all diagnoses...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740391/attention-memory-training-yields-behavioral-and-academic-improvements-in-children-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-comorbid-with-a-learning-disorder
#19
Antonio Carlos Farias, Mara L Cordeiro, Erico Pg Felden, Tiago S Bara, Cássia R Benko, Daniele Coutinho, Leandra F Martins, Rosilda Tc Ferreira, James T McCracken
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may benefit from computerized cognitive training. Therapy implementation is especially complicated when ADHD is associated with learning disorders (LDs). This study tested the efficacy of a computer-based cognitive training program, namely, computerized cognitive training (CCT), in children with ADHD comorbid with an LD (ADHD-LD), with or without psychostimulant medication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After diagnostic evaluations, 27 children with ADHD-LD (8 unmedicated and 19 medicated) participated in CCT, which is intended to improve attention, memory, reasoning, visual processing, and executive functioning...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740389/methylphenidate-dose-optimization-for-adhd-treatment-review-of-safety-efficacy-and-clinical-necessity
#20
REVIEW
Michael Huss, Praveen Duhan, Preetam Gandhi, Chien-Wei Chen, Carsten Spannhuth, Vinod Kumar
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by hyperactivity and/or inattention and is often associated with a substantial impact on psychosocial functioning. Methylphenidate (MPH), a central nervous system stimulant, is commonly used for pharmacological treatment of adults and children with ADHD. Current practice guidelines recommend optimizing MPH dosage to individual patient needs; however, the clinical benefits of individual dose optimization compared with fixed-dose regimens remain unclear...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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