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Plastic surgery, breast surgery, aesthetic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845048/undergraduate-plastic-surgery-education-a-national-survey-of-clerkship-directors
#1
Alexander Morzycki, Martin LeBlanc, Jason Williams
Background: The delivery of medical education has received increased attention in recent years due to ongoing time and financial constraints faced by medical educators. Given the recent calls to action by the Carnegie Foundation and Health Canada, an evaluation of the specialty education sector is warranted. To our knowledge, this is the first assessment of the Canadian plastic surgery undergraduate clerkship curriculum. Method: An anonymous electronic survey was distributed to the plastic surgery clerkship directors of all Canadian medical schools (N = 17)...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794638/the-implications-of-barbed-sutures-on-scar-aesthetics-a-systematic-review
#2
Catherine C Motosko, George A Zakhem, Pierre B Saadeh, Alexes Hazen
BACKGROUND: Barbed sutures have become increasingly popular in the field of aesthetic plastic surgery, particularly in body contouring and breast surgeries, in which the use of barbed sutures may offer both time and cost savings. Scar aesthetics is an important outcome for both the surgeons and patients in these procedures; however, there is a paucity of studies assessing the aesthetic outcome of barbed sutures with regards to scarring. METHODS: A systematic review of PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases was performed from the date of their inception through July 2017 using the search terms barbed suture combined with scar or wound...
May 14, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753181/weighted-regularized-statistical-shape-space-projection-for-breast-3d-model-reconstruction
#3
Guillermo Ruiz, Eduard Ramon, Jaime García, Federico M Sukno, Miguel A González Ballester
The use of 3D imaging has increased as a practical and useful tool for plastic and aesthetic surgery planning. Specifically, the possibility of representing the patient breast anatomy in a 3D shape and simulate aesthetic or plastic procedures is a great tool for communication between surgeon and patient during surgery planning. For the purpose of obtaining the specific 3D model of the breast of a patient, model-based reconstruction methods can be used. In particular, 3D morphable models (3DMM) are a robust and widely used method to perform 3D reconstruction...
May 2, 2018: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750758/quality-of-surgical-outcomes-reporting-in-plastic-surgery-a-15-year-analysis-of-complication-data
#4
Rajiv P Parikh, Ketan Sharma, Ali A Qureshi, Michael J Franco, Terence M Myckatyn
BACKGROUND: Postoperative complication data are integral to assessing patient outcomes and identifying areas for improving quality in surgical care. Accurate appraisal of surgical techniques requires consistency and reliability in complication data reporting. The purpose of this study was to analyze the quality of complication reporting in plastic surgery. METHODS: The authors critically reviewed the literature from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2014, to identify articles reporting surgical outcomes after three index procedures: autologous breast reconstruction, prosthetic breast reconstruction, and reduction mammaplasty...
June 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746276/deepithelialized-skin-reduction-preserves-skin-and-nipple-perfusion-in-immediate-reconstruction-of-large-and-ptotic-breasts
#5
Danielle H Rochlin, Dung H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Women with large and/or ptotic breasts are often not considered candidates for nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) and/or immediate breast reconstruction given difficulties avoiding ischemic complications and achieving a favorable aesthetic result. We report a novel technique involving deepithelialized skin reduction to simultaneously reduce the skin envelope and preserve perfusion to the skin and nipple in immediate breast reconstruction for women that fit this high-risk anatomic profile...
April 30, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710686/capsular-fibrosis-in-aesthetic-and-reconstructive-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-of-319-cases
#6
Britta Kuehlmann, Rebekka Burkhardt, Nina Kosaric, Lukas Prantl
BACKGROUND: Implant-based breast augmentation is one of the most frequently performed operations in plastic surgery worldwide, for aesthetic and reconstructive reasons. Capsular fibrosis is the most common long-term foreign body response after breast implant augmentation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the occurrence of capsular contracture in aesthetic and reconstructive-cancer patients, including those patients who received radiotherapy prior to breast reconstruction with implants...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697608/happy-and-unhappy-patients-a-quantitative-analysis-of-online-plastic-surgeon-reviews-for-breast-augmentation
#7
Robert G Dorfman, Chad Purnell, Cecil Qiu, Marco F Ellis, C Bob Basu, John Y S Kim
BACKGROUND: Online reviews have become modern versions of the word-of-mouth recommendation, and prospective patients are increasingly consulting them before making decisions about their surgical care. The authors' objectives were to (1) identify trends in the use of online reviews, and (2) important reasons for patient satisfaction and dissatisfaction with aesthetic surgery. The authors selected breast augmentation as the primary procedure of interest. METHODS: Reviews of the top 10 to 20 most reviewed plastic surgeons in each of six large metropolitan areas were obtained from Google, Yelp, and RealSelf...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668511/cosmetic-surgeon-representation-ensuring-board-certification-transparency-and-patient-awareness
#8
Oren Tessler, Lynn Bourn, Samuel J Lin, Charles Dupin, Gerhard S Mundinger, Charles Patterson, Hugo St Hilaire, Matthew Bartow, Radbeh Torabi, Michael Hanemann
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed that patients preferred plastic surgeons over cosmetic surgeons for surgical procedures, but few knew that any physician with a medical degree was legally qualified to perform cosmetic surgery. Results also indicated that a primary consideration for patients in selecting a surgeon was board certification. Although patient preferences concerning aesthetic surgery have previously been surveyed, no study examined a consumer's ability delineate between specialties based on Web sites...
June 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666911/dual-coverage-of-the-inferior-pole-with-conjoined-fascial-flap-and-acellular-dermal-matrix-for-immediate-one-stage-breast-reconstruction-with-a-prosthetic-implant
#9
Seo H Lee, Yong S Chun, Heung K Park, Yang W Kim, Young W Cheon
BACKGROUND: Elevation of a conjoined fascial flap composed of the pectoralis major, serratus anterior, and external oblique fascia is a type of surgical technique using autologous tissue to cover the lower pole after immediate one-stage direct-to-implant (DTI) breast reconstruction. However, volumetric breast implants hinder use of this technique alone. For better structural stability and more aesthetically favorable breast contour in large breasts, we have devised a technique involving dual coverage of the lower pole by a conjoined fascial flap and acellular dermal matrix (ADM)...
April 17, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643164/complications-in-breast-augmentation-with-textured-versus-smooth-breast-implants-a-systematic-review-protocol
#10
Chenglong Wang, Jie Luan, Adriana C Panayi, Dennis P Orgill, Minqiang Xin
INTRODUCTION: Breast augmentation is one of the most popular aesthetic plastic surgeries worldwide. There are various types of breast implants, and these can be categorised into different broad groups based on their content, shape or surface, to name a few. When looking at the surface of the shell, they can be categorised into two main kinds: textured and smooth implants. To our knowledge, a literature review and meta-analysis of the complications of these two types of implants when used for aesthetic breast augmentation has yet to be written...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608639/transition-to-nonopioid-analgesia-does-not-impair-pain-control-after-major-aesthetic-plastic-surgery
#11
Thu-Hoai C Nguyen, Nicholas F Lombana, Dmitry Zavlin, Clayton L Moliver
Background: Multimodal analgesic protocols are increasingly favored over traditional opioid regimens due to decreased adverse side effects and reduced opioid consumption. Concomitant use of selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor celecoxib and anticonvulsant gabapentin have been proposed to adequately control acute postoperative pain. Objectives: To determine efficacy of postoperative pain control using nonopioid pain regimen vs traditional opioids for all aesthetic plastic surgery procedures...
March 28, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548007/plastic-surgery-resident-run-cosmetic-clinics-a-survey-of-current-practices
#12
Michael J Ingargiola, Felipe Molina Burbano, Amy Yao, Saba Motakef, Paymon Sanati-Mehrizy, Nikki M Burish, Lisa R David, Peter J Taub
Background: The recently increased minimum aesthetic surgery requirements set by the Plastic Surgery Residency Review Committee of the ACGME highlight the importance of aesthetic surgery training for plastic surgery residents. Participation in resident aesthetic surgery clinics has become an important tool to achieve this goal. Yet, there is little literature on the current structure of these clinics. Objectives: The authors sought to evaluate current practices of aesthetic resident-run clinics in the United States...
March 14, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528026/aesthetic-surgery-in-transplant-patients-a-single-center-experience
#13
Burak Özkan, Abbas Albayati, Atilla Adnan Eyüboğlu, Ahmet Çağrı Uysal, Nilgun Markal Ertaş, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Transplant patients, like the nontransplant population, can have surgical interventions for body shape disorders. Studies on aesthetic surgeries in transplant patients are scarce. Our aim was to share our experiences with various aesthetic procedures in solid-organ transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six (5 female, 1 male) transplant patients who received surgical corrections of the aging face, ptosis and lipodystrophy of the breast, and abdomen at the Baskent University Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Department between 2010 and 2017 were included...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506205/the-montreal-augmentation-mammoplasty-operation-mamo-simulator-an-alternative-method-to-train-and-assess-competence-in-breast-augmentation-procedures
#14
Roy Kazan, Alex Viezel-Mathieu, Shantale Cyr, Thomas M Hemmerling, Mirko S Gilardino
Background: Surgical residents' exposure to aesthetic procedures remains limited in residency training. The development of the Montreal Augmentation Mammoplasty Operation (MAMO) simulator aims to provide an adjunctive training method and assessment tool to complement the evolving competency-based surgical curriculum. Objectives: To perform face, content and construct validations of the MAMO simulator for subpectoral breast augmentation procedures and assess the reliability of the assessment scales used...
January 3, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487999/complication-of-aquafilling-%C3%A2-gel-injection-for-breast-augmentation-case-report-of-one-case-and-review-of-literature
#15
Bok Ki Jung, In Sik Yun, Young Seok Kim, Tai Suk Roh
INTRODUCTION: Augmentation mammoplasty is one of the most popular aesthetic operations in the world. In Korea, one of the fillers used for breast augmentation is AQUAfilling® gel (Biomedica. spol, s,r,o, Czech Republic). AQUAfilling® gel is a hydrophilic gel composed of 98% sodium chloride solution (0.9%) and 2% cation copolyamide. METHODS: This is a case report describing a patient that suffered complications after AQUAfilling® gel injection for breast augmentation...
February 27, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481590/quality-of-life-after-breast-enlargement-with-implants-versus-augmentation-mastopexy-a-comparative-study
#16
Amin Kalaaji, Stine Dreyer, Jannika Brinkmann, Ivana Maric, Cathrine Nordahl, Kjell Olafsen
Background: Research regarding quality of life (QoL) among women who underwent breast aesthetic surgery is expanding. A comparative, anonymous study between two main breast aesthetic procedures is needed. Objective: The authors compared patient characteristics and aspects of QoL among women who underwent breast enlargement with implants (BI group) and those who underwent augmentation mastopexy (AM group). Methods: Patients at the Oslo Plastic Surgery Clinic were given a 47-question survey to measure QoL...
February 22, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481479/a-3-dimensional-biomimetic-platform-to-interrogate-the-safety-of-autologous-fat-transfer-in-the-setting-of-breast-cancer
#17
Yoshiko Toyoda, Karel-Bart Celie, Jonathan T Xu, Justin S Buro, Julia Jin, Alexandra J Lin, Kristy A Brown, Jason A Spector
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a known risk factor for the development and prognosis of breast cancer. Adipocytes have been identified as a source of exogenous lipids in other cancer types and may similarly provide energy to fuel malignant survival and growth in breast cancer. This relationship is of particular relevance to plastic surgery, because many reconstructions after oncologic mastectomy achieve optimal aesthetics and durability using adjunctive autologous fat transfer (AFT). Despite the increasing ubiquity and promise of AFT, many unanswered questions remain, including safety in the setting of breast cancer...
April 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481389/where-do-we-look-assessing-gaze-patterns-in-breast-reconstructive-surgery-with-eye-tracking-technology
#18
Lawrence Z Cai, John A M Paro, Gordon K Lee, Rahim S Nazerali
BACKGROUND: Aesthetics plays a large role in determining a successful outcome in plastic and reconstructive surgery. As such, understanding perceptions of favorable aesthetics is crucial for optimizing patient satisfaction. Eye-tracking technology offers an unbiased way of measuring how viewers evaluate breast reconstructions. METHODS: Twenty-nine raters with varied plastic surgery experience were shown 20 images of breast reconstruction at various stages. Breasts were divided into those with nipples and no reconstruction scars, those with nipples and reconstruction scars, and those with reconstruction scars and no nipples...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426809/current-evidence-on-the-role-of-smoking-in-plastic-surgery-elective-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Vasileios Theocharidis, Ioannis Katsaros, Emmanouil Sgouromallis, Nikolaos Serifis, Vasileios Boikou, Sotirios Tasigiorgos, George Kokosis, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
BACKGROUND: Smoking is considered to be a significant risk factor for the development of postoperative complications after various surgical procedures, mainly by limiting oxygen delivery to tissues. Evidence on the collective impact of smoking in aesthetic procedure outcomes is scarce. The aim of this study is to evaluate the current evidence on the association between smoking and postoperative outcomes in patients who underwent common elective procedures in plastic surgery. METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane bibliographical databases were searched from January 1950 to October 2016 for studies reporting on patients who underwent facelift, abdominoplasty, breast reduction and breast reconstruction and for studies with included data on smoking history of treated patients...
May 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370358/vaginal-laxity-sexual-distress-and-sexual-dysfunction-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-plastic-surgery-practice
#20
Ali A Qureshi, Ketan Sharma, Melissa Thornton, Terence M Myckatyn, Marissa M Tenenbaum
Background: Sexual health issues can be characterized by vaginal laxity (VL), sexual distress, and sexual dysfunction. The epidemiology of these issues in plastic surgery patients, and especially breast cancer survivors, remains poorly understood. Objectives: To prospectively assess sexual health issues in a plastic surgery patient population with and without breast cancer. Methods: A prospective cohort study was created in our practice from June to August 2017 with administration of a survey including the vaginal laxity questionnaire (VLQ), female sexual distress scale-revised (FSDS-R), and female sexual function index (FSFI)...
January 23, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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