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Plastic surgery, breast surgery, aesthetic surgery

Bo Young Park, Jungwoo Kwon, So Ra Kang, Seung Eun Hong
BACKGROUND: In an increasing number of lawsuits doctors lose, despite providing preoperative patient education, because of failure to prove informed consent. We analyzed judicial precedents associated with insufficient informed consent to identify judicial factors and trends related to aesthetic surgery medical litigation. METHODS: We collected data from civil trials between 1995 and 2015 that were related to aesthetic surgery and resulted in findings of insufficient informed consent...
September 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
Gianluca Franceschini, Alejandro Martin Sanchez, Giuseppe Visconti, Alba Di Leone, Sabatino D'Archi, Antonino Mulè, Angela Santoro, Marzia Salgarello, Riccardo Masetti
: Oncoplastic surgery of the breast has generated great excitement over the past years and has become an integrated component of the surgical treatment of breast cancer. Oncoplastic procedures (OPP) associate the best surgical oncologic principles to achieve wide tumor-free margins with the best principles of plastic surgery to optimize cosmetic outcomes. So, a number of conventional mammoplasty techniques have been adapted to allow reconstruction of resection defects with parenchymal flaps using a variety of different approaches...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Cindy Wu, C Scott Hultman, Paul Diegidio, Steven Hermiz, Roja Garimella, Trisha M Crutchfield, Clara N Lee
BACKGROUND: What do patients want when looking for an aesthetic surgeon? When faced with attributes like reputation, years in practice, testimonials, photos, and pricing, which is more valuable? Moreover, are attributes procedure-specific? Currently, inadequate evidence exists on which attributes are most important to patients, and to our knowledge, none on procedure-specific preferences. OBJECTIVES: First, to determine the most important attributes to breast augmentation, combined breast/abdominal surgery, and facelift patients using conjoint analysis...
September 20, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Eliana F R Duraes, Paul Durand, Leonardo C Duraes, Susan Orra, Andrea Moreira-Gonzalez, Joao Batista de Sousa, Risal S Djohan, James Zins, Steven Bernard, Graham S Schwarz
A breast cancer diagnosis imposes significant emotional and psychological duress. The purpose of this study is to assess the baseline quality of life (QOL) of immediate, delayed, and secondary breast reconstruction patients, comparing these results with QOL in women seeking plastic surgery for cosmetic breast, and non-breast procedures. From 2012 through 2013, immediate (group 1), delayed (group 2), and secondary (Group 3) reconstruction patients, aesthetic breast (group 4) and non-breast plastic surgery patients (group 5) answered Breast-Q questionnaires...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Halina Miśkiewicz, Bogusław Antoszewski, Aleksandra Iljin
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was evaluation of the correlation between selected personality traits in women after mastectomy and their decision on breast reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted between 2013‑2015, in the Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Medical University of Lodz, and Department of Oncological and Breast Surgery, CZMP. Comparative analysis comprised 40 patients, in whom mastectomy and breast reconstruction was done, and 40 women after breast amputation, who did not undergo reconstructive surgery...
September 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Danielle H Rochlin, Christopher R Davis, Dung H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: There is a perception that cosmetic breast surgery has more favorable aesthetic outcomes than reconstructive breast surgery. We tested this hypothesis by comparing aesthetic outcomes after breast augmentation and reconstruction. METHODS: Postoperative images of 10 patients (cosmetic, n = 4; reconstructive, n = 6; mean follow-up, 27 months) were presented anonymously to participants who were blinded to clinical details. Participants were asked if they believed cosmetic or reconstructive surgery had been performed...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Ben M Eyck, Joris A van Dongen, Thanassi Athanassopoulos, João Bastos Martins, Hieronymus P Stevens
BACKGROUND: Photographic scales have become an increasingly used tool in objectively assessing outcomes in aesthetic surgery. However, no online photographic scale for assessing breast ptosis has been developed yet that is readily available. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to validate the online Rainbow Scale for the assessment of breast ptosis for the anterior-posterior (AP), lateral, and oblique views. METHODS: For the five grades of the Rainbow Scale format, standardized reference photographs were selected...
October 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Nicola Zingaretti, Francesca De Lorenzi, Francesco Dell'Antonia, Fabrizio De Biasio, Michele Riccio, Pier Camillo Parodi
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic capsule formation is a physiological phenomenon occurring around breast implants. In case of capsular contracture, several surgical techniques are described; among them, total capsulectomy is considered the gold standard, but it is not free of complications. A more conservative procedure is the use of "precapsular space", leaving intact the preexisting capsule. The method presents minor complications and further advantages over total capsulectomy. METHOD: From November 2010 to June 2014, we treated 92 postmastecttomy patients who previously underwent implant-based reconstruction...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Riaz A Agha, Alexander J Fowler, Thomas E Pidgeon, Georgina Wellstead, Dennis P Orgill
INTRODUCTION: One in eight women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime. Reconstruction is routinely offered to patients and can be autologous and/or implant based. One area of growing interest in autologous fat grafting (AFG). Our group recently published a systematic review and meta-analysis of this topic which showed 51 different outcomes were being utilized in the published literature, with substantial heterogeneity in their definitions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A Delphi consensus exercise amongst key stakeholders will be conducted using the long list of 51 outcomes generated through our previous work...
July 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Ali A Qureshi, Rajiv P Parikh, Terence M Myckatyn, Marissa M Tenenbaum
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive aesthetic surgery education is an integral part of plastic surgery residency training. Recently, the ACGME increased minimum requirements for aesthetic procedures in residency. To expand aesthetic education and prepare residents for independent practice, our institution has supported a resident cosmetic clinic for over 25 years. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety of procedures performed through a resident clinic by comparing outcomes to benchmarked national aesthetic surgery outcomes and to provide a model for resident clinics in academic plastic surgery institutions...
October 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
S Allert, C Flechtner, P M Vogt, C Herold
INTRODUCTION: The Arbitration Board for Medical Liability Issues of the Medical Association of North Germany ("Norddeutsche Schlichtungsstelle") is responsible for 10 federal states in Germany (Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, Saarland, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein and Thuringia) and is the largest arbitration board in Germany. The data available from the Norddeutsche Schlichtungsstelle provides an insight into sources of malpractice during the treatment of reduction mammoplasty...
April 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
George Richard Francis Murphy, Graeme Ewan Glass, Abhilash Jain
The antifibrinolytic drug tranexamic acid (TXA) is effective in reducing blood loss and transfusion requirements in other fields of elective surgery and its use is emerging in a number of plastic surgical subspecialties. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the current evidence for the efficacy and safety of TXA in craniomaxillofacial, head and neck, breast, aesthetic, burns, and reconstructive microsurgery. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for randomized controlled trials of TXA in plastic surgery...
March 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Matthew D Freeman, Rahul Vemula, Rahul Rao, Tim S Matatov, Amy L Strong, Ravi Tandon, Abigail E Chaffin, David A Jansen
BACKGROUND: Two-stage breast reconstruction with tissue expanders is one of the most common plastic surgery procedures. Acellular dermal matrix (ADM) has become popular for its ability to improve expansion parameters and aesthetics, albeit with a higher complication profile. We present data that support redefining 2-stage reconstruction to include tissue expanders regardless of final reconstructive modality to act as a bridge. Furthermore, we show that cooperation with the ablative surgeon and technical refinements support ADM omission from the first stage of reconstruction...
June 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Deniz Dayicioglu, Rose Trotta, Corin Agoris, Ambuj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) with tissue expander reconstruction is a widely used technique that can produce aesthetically pleasing reconstruction results after mastectomy. Nipple position and healthy mastectomy flaps with good vascularity are important determinants of an adequate aesthetic final result. An initial high fill volume of the expander can produce a more natural breast mound appearance postoperatively. However, this can often lead to ischemia with loss of the nipple-areolar complex (NAC)...
June 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Paolo Veronesi, Francesca De Lorenzi, Pietro Loschi, Mario Rietjens, Umberto Veronesi
UNLABELLED: Breast augmentation is the most common cosmetic surgery in the United States, and thousands of augmented patients develop breast cancer each year. The possible effects of implants on cancer incidence, diagnosis, and treatment usually generate a disarming confusion. The present paper represents an update of the more recent oncologic and surgical strategies, aiming to support plastic and general surgeons in such challenging aspects. Several aspects of breast cancer management in augmented women are investigated, including (1) risk estimation and cancer characteristics, stage at diagnosis, and prognosis; (2) cancer diagnosis with clinical examination, mammography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging; (3) cancer treatment including breast conservation, intraoperative radiotherapy, sentinel node biopsy and mastectomy, and reconstruction...
April 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Maximilian Otte, Carolin Nestle-Krämling, Sonia Fertsch, Mazen Hagouan, Beatrix Munder, Philip Richrath, Peter Stambera, Alina Abu-Ghazaleh, Christoph Andree
BACKGROUND: With the development of conservative mastectomies, there are an increasing number of women seeking immediate implant based and autologous breast reconstruction. Despite the oncologic safety of the procedures, the focus will be on the timing of reconstruction. METHODS: Our plastic surgery unit is focused primarily on autologous breast reconstruction and is part of an interdisciplinary breast center. We offer immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) with autologous tissue for patients with positive BRCA 1 and 2, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), invasive cancer without margin problems to the skin, as well as to correct poor oncologic and aesthetic breast conserving therapy (BCT) outcomes...
February 2016: Gland Surgery
Roy Kazan, Brigitte Courteau, Shantale Cyr, Thomas M Hemmerling, Mirko Gilardino
INTRODUCTION: Since the introduction of competency-based education and the restriction of residents' working hours, simulator-aided training has obtained increasing attention for its role in teaching and assessing resident surgical skills. Within plastic surgery training, such simulators would be particularly useful for aesthetic surgery procedures such as augmentation mammoplasty where residents have fewer opportunities for hands-on experience. The aims of this study were to develop a part-task trainer that allows plastic surgery trainees to acquire skills necessary for augmentation mammoplasty and to assess its potential value as a training tool...
February 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Stephen S Cai, Karan Chopra, Scott D Lifchez
INTRODUCTION: Despite news reports, Food and Drug Administration disclaimers, and warnings from US plastic surgeons against the perils of cosmetic tourism, patients continue to seek care abroad and often present with infectious complications. Recent reports of Mycobacterium abscessus surgical site infection (SSI) is of particularly concern and its management, particularly surgical intervention, has been poorly documented. METHODS: A retrospective review of 2 sisters who presented with M...
January 30, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Albert H Chao, Ramon Garza, Stephen P Povoski
Breast implant surgery is one of the most commonly performed procedures in the field of plastic surgery. While silicone implants are now routinely used in breast surgery, they have previously been the subject of controversy. This was particularly true in the U.S., where there was a moratorium on their use from 1992 to 2006. Following subsequent scientific validation of their safety, silicone implants have re-gained widespread acceptance for clinical use. Modern implant design has aimed to optimize aesthetic outcomes while minimizing implant-related complications, such as capsular contracture and device rupture...
2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Anita Hazari, Peter Walton
The UK National Flap Registry (UKNFR) is a cross-speciality National Clinical Audit with participation by the British Association of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons (BAPRAS), British Association of Head and Neck Oncologists (BAHNO), British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (BAOMS) and Association of Breast Surgery (ABS). The aim of UKNFR is to collect information about all major pedicled and free flap operations carried out in the UK and through that, assess the quality of care we provide for patients...
December 2015: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
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