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Plastic surgery, breast surgery, aesthetic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426809/current-evidence-on-the-role-of-smoking-in-plastic-surgery-elective-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Vasileios Theocharidis, Ioannis Katsaros, Emmanouil Sgouromallis, Nikolaos Serifis, Vasileios Boikou, Sotirios Tasigiorgos, George Kokosis, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
BACKGROUND: Smoking is considered to be a significant risk factor for the development of postoperative complications after various surgical procedures, mainly by limiting oxygen delivery to tissues. Evidence on the collective impact of smoking in aesthetic procedure outcomes is scarce. The aim of this study is to evaluate the current evidence on the association between smoking and postoperative outcomes in patients who underwent common elective procedures in plastic surgery. METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane bibliographical databases were searched from January 1950 to October 2016 for studies reporting on patients who underwent facelift, abdominoplasty, breast reduction and breast reconstruction and for studies with included data on smoking history of treated patients...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370358/vaginal-laxity-sexual-distress-and-sexual-dysfunction-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-plastic-surgery-practice
#2
Ali A Qureshi, Ketan Sharma, Melissa Thornton, Terence M Myckatyn, Marissa M Tenenbaum
Background: Sexual health issues can be characterized by vaginal laxity (VL), sexual distress, and sexual dysfunction. The epidemiology of these issues in plastic surgery patients, and especially breast cancer survivors, remains poorly understood. Objectives: To prospectively assess sexual health issues in a plastic surgery patient population with and without breast cancer. Methods: A prospective cohort study was created in our practice from June to August 2017 with administration of a survey including the vaginal laxity questionnaire (VLQ), female sexual distress scale-revised (FSDS-R), and female sexual function index (FSFI)...
January 23, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365038/mastopexy-and-mastopexy-augmentation
#3
Ali A Qureshi, Terence M Myckatyn, Marissa M Tenenbaum
Mastopexy and mastopexy-augmentation are aesthetic breast surgeries that seek to create youthful, beautiful appearing breasts. Age, hormonal changes, or weight loss can lead to alterations that require addressing the skin envelope and breast parenchyma. Many surgical approaches have been described including periareolar, vertical, and Wise pattern techniques, but most modern mastopexies include manipulation of the breast parenchyma to improve the longevity of breast ptosis correction. Mesh support of the ptotic breast is an extension of this paradigm shift and seeks to restore the lost strength of the support structures of the breast...
January 20, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352346/the-evolution-of-breast-reduction-publications-a-bibliometric-analysis
#4
Ümran Muslu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to make a bibliometric analysis of the studies on breast reduction (BR) between the years 1980 and 2016 and identify important studies through trend topics as well as active authors, countries, universities, scientific journals, and citation and co-citation analyses about BR. BACKGROUND: Although BR looks like one of the cosmetic surgeries performed in order to restore the woman's appearance, in fact it is a reconstructive surgery that eliminates back pain, stance disorder, headache, shoulder pain, back and cervical disk hernia, difficulty in breathing, hollowness caused by bra straps, hygiene problems under breasts (e...
January 19, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327648/the-goniometer-device-special-equipment-designed-for-symmetric-mammoplasty-planning-and-photo-symmetry-analysis-technique
#5
Tahsin Görgülü
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative planning is an essential prerequisite for the success of plastic surgery. In procedures such as breast reduction, freehand drawings may be associated with a number of challenges during the determination of axes vertical and parallel to the surgical site. Furthermore, many procedures involve subjective maneuvers, such as attempts aimed at positioning both nipples on the same line and transferring nipple-areola complexes in a well-matched manner. Our newly designed instrument, that is, the goniometer (TG), aims to ensure metric measurements appropriate for the axes, and it may also be used in circumstances that require angle measurements...
January 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304194/the-montreal-augmentation-mammoplasty-operation-mamo-simulator-an-alternative-method-to-train-and-assess-competence-in-breast-augmentation-procedures
#6
Roy Kazan, Alex Viezel-Mathieu, Shantale Cyr, Thomas M Hemmerling, Mirko S Gilardino
Background: Surgical residents' exposure to aesthetic procedures remains limited in residency training. The development of the Montreal Augmentation Mammoplasty Operation (MAMO) simulator aims to provide an adjunctive training method and assessment tool to complement the evolving competency-based surgical curriculum. Objectives: To perform face, content and construct validations of the MAMO simulator for subpectoral breast augmentation procedures and assess the reliability of the assessment scales used...
January 3, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280860/mbn-2016-aesthetic-breast-meeting-bia-alcl-consensus-conference-report
#7
Maurizio Bruno Nava, William P Adams, Giovanni Botti, Antonella Campanale, Giuseppe Catanuto, Mark W Clemens, Daniel A Del Vecchio, Roy De Vita, Arianna Di Napoli, Elisabeth Hall-Findlay, Dennis Hammond, Per Heden, Patrick Mallucci, Josè Luis Martin Del Yerro, Egle Muti, Alberto Rancati, Charles Randquist, Marzia Salgarello, Constantin Stan, Nicola Rocco
Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is an uncommon neoplasia occurring in women with either cosmetic or reconstructive breast implants. The actual knowledge about BIA-ALCL deriving from the literature presents several limits, and it remains difficult to make inferences about BIA-ALCL epidemiology, cause, and pathogenesis. This is the reason why the authors decided to organize an evidence-based consensus conference during the Maurizio Bruno Nava (MBN 2016) Aesthetic Breast Meeting held in Milan in December of 2016...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280857/microbial-evaluation-in-capsular-contracture-of-breast-implants
#8
Marilena Galdiero, Fabio Larocca, Maria Rosaria Iovene, Martora Francesca, Gorizio Pieretti, Virginia D'Oriano, Gianluigi Franci, Giuseppe Ferraro, Francesco d'Andrea, Giovanni Francesco Nicoletti
BACKGROUND: Capsular contracture around breast implants is a severe and unpredictable complication experienced by up to 50 percent of patients after breast augmentation and reconstruction, and represents a major cause leading to reoperation. Several lines of evidence point to the involvement of subclinical infections and of bacterial biofilm formation. METHODS: To reduce the incidence of capsular contracture following mammaplasty, the authors studied the correlation between contamination by exogenous and endogenous bacterial flora and the capacity to develop bacterial biofilm in mammary implants...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218474/superomedial-pedicle-vertical-scar-breast-reduction-objective-and-subjective-assessment-of-breast-symmetry-and-aesthetics
#9
Ofir Ron, Amir Inbal, Ehud Arad, Arik Zaretski, David Leshem, Ravit Yanko, Eyal Gur, Yoav Barnea
BACKGROUND: The superomedial vertical scar breast reduction (SVBR) described by Hall-Findlay is gaining popularity among surgeons worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate its long-term aesthetic outcome, the extent of quality of life improvement and the factors that influence patient satisfaction and reviewers' evaluation of aesthetic/surgical outcome. METHODS: In this historical prospective study, we included women who underwent SVBR at least one year prior to enrollment and responded to a quality of life questionnaire...
December 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089810/training-oncoplastic-breast-surgeons-the-canadian-fellowship-experience
#10
J Maxwell, A Arnaout, R Hanrahan, M Brackstone
BACKGROUND: Oncoplastic breast surgery combines traditional oncologic breast conservation with plastic surgery techniques to achieve improved aesthetic and quality-of-life outcomes without sacrificing oncologic safety. Clinical uptake and training remain limited in the Canadian surgical system. In the present article, we detail the current state of oncoplastic surgery (ops) training in Canada, the United States, and worldwide, as well as the experience of a Canadian clinical fellow in ops...
October 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075815/recent-advances-on-the-application-of-negative-pressure-external-volume-expansion-in-breast-plastic-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Wenyue Liu, Jie Luan
BACKGROUND: External volume expansion (EVE) has been effectively applied as an assistance to fat transplantation on breast plastic surgery. Many indicators and refinements have been made in clinical practice; meanwhile, the related mechanism and more optimized preclinical model also have been explored in experimental studies. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed with the keywords: EVE, negative pressure, breast enlargement, breast augmentation, breast reconstruction, breast plastic surgery and breast aesthetic surgery...
October 26, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064917/current-trends-in-postmastectomy-breast-reconstruction
#12
REVIEW
Hina Panchal, Evan Matros
Postmastectomy immediate breast reconstruction in the U.S. continues to experience an upward trend owing to heightened awareness, innovations in reconstructive technique, growing evidence of improved patient-reported outcomes, and shifts in mastectomy patterns. Women with unilateral breast cancer are increasingly electing to undergo contralateral prophylactic mastectomy, instead of unilateral mastectomy or opting for breast conservation. The ascent in prophylactic surgeries correlates temporally to a shift toward prosthetic methods of reconstruction as the most common technique...
November 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044363/the-value-of-a-resident-aesthetic-clinic-a-7-year-institutional-review-and-survey-of-the-chief-resident-experience
#13
Jason M Weissler, Martin J Carney, Chen Yan, Ivona Percec
Background: With the evolving plastic surgery training paradigm, there is an increasing emphasis on aesthetic surgery education during residency. In an effort to improve aesthetic education and to encourage preparation for independent practice, our institution has supported a resident-run aesthetic clinic for over two decades. Objectives: To provide insight into the educational benefits of a resident-run cosmetic clinic through longitudinal resident follow up and institutional experiential review...
October 16, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990890/effect-of-reduction-mammoplasty-on-the-pulmonary-function-tests
#14
Erhan Uğurlu, Adem Topkara, Adem Özkan, Ramazan Hakan Özcan, İlknur Can, Göksel Altınışık
Introduction: Bilateral breast reduction surgery is the surgical treatment of bilateral breast hypertrophy. This is one of the most common breast surgery requested by women, and performed by plastic surgeons. The reasons that patients want this surgery are to re-size sagging breasts aesthetically, and to get rid of somatic symptoms such as shoulder, chest, back, and neck pain. We believe that the objective positive effects of breast reduction surgery exist beside aesthetic. In our study, our aim is to elicit positive effects of surgery on lungs, if there are, by making pulmonary function test and carbon monoxide diffusion test before surgery and after 6 months of surgery...
June 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984537/neurosurgical-transection-of-the-breast-an-unexpected-extracranial-complication-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion
#15
Molly Jakeman, Ranjeet Jeevan, Sasha C Burn, Sian Falder
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement is among the most common surgical procedures undertaken by neurosurgeons. Complications arising from the thoracic portion of the shunt are relatively rare in comparison with those of the intraventricular and peritoneal portions. Disruption of primary breast development following VP shunt placement has not previously been reported. The authors describe the case of a 15-year-old girl referred to the plastic surgery department with a significant right breast deformity and associated asymmetry following VP shunt placement performed during the neonatal period...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975837/oncoplastic-surgery-keeping-it-simple-with-5-essential-volume-displacement-techniques-for-breast-conservation-in-a-patient-with-moderate-to-large-sized-breasts
#16
Abhishek Chatterjee, Deniz Dayicioglu, Nazanin Khakpour, Brian J Czerniecki
Oncoplastic surgery is an evolving field in breast surgery combining the strengths of breast surgical oncology with plastic surgery. It provides the surgeon the ability to excise large areas of the breast in the oncologic resection without compromising, and possibly improving, its aesthetic appearance. The purpose of this review is to provide a guide that could help a breast surgeon excise breast cancer in most areas of the breast using 5 oncoplastic techniques. These techniques would be used depending primarily on the location of the cancer in the breast and also on the size of the tumor...
October 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943307/the-role-of-ultrasound-technology-in-plastic-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Tyler Safran, Kevin Gorsky, Alex Viezel-Mathieu, Jonathan Kanevsky, Mirko S Gilardino
INTRODUCTION: The modern medical era is in part characterized by the increased availability of portable imaging devices. Ultrasound devices are used for either high-resolution non-invasive imaging or as a focused acoustic energy source capable of sculpting and shaping tissue. Given the broad scope of the field, plastic and reconstructive surgeons have the unique ability to implement and tailor the use of ultrasound in a variety of clinical situations. This article will review novel uses for ultrasound in the field of plastic surgery...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678328/oncoplastic-breast-surgery-comprehensive-review
#18
N Bertozzi, M Pesce, P L Santi, E Raposio
Breast cancer is the most common female cancer in Western populations, affecting 12.5% of women, with 1.38 million patients per year. Breast-conserving surgery followed by postoperative radiotherapy replaced the radical and modified-radical procedures of Halsted and Patey as the standard of care for early-stage breast cancer once the overall and disease-free survival rates of breast-conserving surgery were demonstrated to be equivalent to those of mastectomy. However, excision of >20% of breast tissue, low or centrally located cancer, and large-sized breasts with various grades of breast ptosis, result a in unacceptable cosmetic outcomes...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654582/predictors-classification-and-management-of-umbilical-complications-in-diep-flap-breast-reconstruction
#19
Min-Jeong Cho, Sumeet S Teotia, Nicholas T Haddock
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap has become the workhorse flap for autologous breast reconstruction. Despite increased reports on DIEP flaps, umbilical complications have not been previously studied. The aesthetics of the umbilicus dictates the beauty of the abdomen, and it is critical for plastic surgeons to minimize the scarring of the umbilicus. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent DIEP flaps to determine the predictors of umbilical complications, and created a classification system of these wounds...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514124/-partial-breast-reconstruction-by-modified-breast-reduction-techniques
#20
REVIEW
Dean D Ad-El, Sagit Meshulam Derazon, Eran Sharon, Asaf Olshinka
Partial resections of the breast are more than 50% of breast oncological surgery. The resulting defect can be substantial and cause meaningful deformity that leads to reduced body image satisfaction of the patients, affecting their ability to cope with the cancer. Parallel to the development of breast oncology techniques, an evolution of breast reconstruction techniques occurred. During the last decade, by using techniques from cosmetic breast surgery (such as breast reductions, augmentations and mastopexies), we can reconstruct extensive partial defects of the breasts at the immediate and delayed setting and achieve symmetrical aesthetic results...
July 2016: Harefuah
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