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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335102/efficacy-of-a-multiplex-paclitaxel-emission-stent-using-a-pluronic-%C3%A2-mixture-membrane-versus-a-covered-metal-stent-in-malignant-biliary-obstruction-a-prospective-randomized-comparative-study
#1
Sung Ill Jang, Se Joon Lee, Seok Jeong, Don Haeng Lee, Myung-Hwan Kim, Hong Jin Yoon, Dong Ki Lee
Background/Aims: A drug-eluting stent for unresectable malignant biliary obstruction was developed to increase stent patency by preventing tumor ingrowth. The safety and efficacy of a new generation of metallic stents covered with a paclitaxel-incorporated membrane using a Pluronic(®) mixture (MSCPM-II) were compared prospectively with those of covered metal stents (CMSs) in patients with malignant biliary obstructions. Methods: This study was initially designed as a prospective randomized trial but was closed early because of a high incidence of early occlusion...
March 24, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331537/combined-totally-mini-invasive-approach-in-necrotizing-pancreatitis-a-case-report-and-systematic-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Luca Sorrentino, Osvaldo Chiara, Massimiliano Mutignani, Fabrizio Sammartano, Paolo Brioschi, Stefania Cimbanassi
BACKGROUND: Currently, both the step-up approach, combining percutaneous drainage (PD) and video-assisted retroperitoneal debridement (VARD), and endoscopic transgastric necrosectomy (ETN) are mini-invasive techniques for infected necrosis in severe acute pancreatitis. A combination of these approaches could maximize the management of necrotizing pancreatitis, conjugating the benefits from both the experiences. However, reporting of this combined strategy is anecdotal. This is the first reported case of severe necrotizing pancreatitis complicated by biliary fistula treated by a combination of ETN, PD, VARD, and endoscopic biliary stenting...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331262/percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage-in-the-management-of-post-surgical-biliary-leaks
#3
Bhavesh Popat, Dev Thakkar, Hemant Deshmukh, Krantikumar Rathod
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) in the treatment of post-surgical biliary leaks and its efficacy in restoring the integrity of bile ducts. One hundred and fifty-seven patients with a post-surgical biliary leak were treated by means of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage. The biliary leak was due to laparoscopic procedures in 114 patients, while 43 patients had postoperative leak following open surgery. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage was performed with an 8- to 10-F catheter, with the side holes positioned proximal to the site of extravasation to divert bile flow away from the leak site...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330448/ascending-cholangitis-secondary-to-migrated-embolization-coil-of-gastroduodenal-artery-pseudo-aneurysm-a-case-report
#4
Haithem Zaafouri, Anis Hasnaoui, Sonia Essghaeir, Dhafer Haddad, Meriam Sabbah, Ahmed Bouhafa, Jamel Kharrat, Anis Ben Maamer
BACKGROUND: Gastroduodenalartery (GDA) pseudo-aneurysms are very rare. Their clinical importance lies in the eventuality of rupture, causing bleeding and ultimately exsanguination. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a man, with prior history of biliary surgery, presenting with haemobilia secondary to a rupture of GDA pseudo-aneurysm eroding the main bile duct. The patient was treated with coil embolization. This technique is considered to be safe. However, on the long term, some complications may occur...
March 23, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321310/neonatal-cholestasis-mimicking-biliary-atresia-could-it-be-urinary-tract-infection
#5
Noella Maria Delia Pereira, Ira Shah
Cholestasis can occur in newborns due to infections. However, the manifestations of the underlying infections usually dominate the presentation. We present a 2-month-old infant who presented with jaundice and no fever or signs of systemic illness. Liver biopsy was suggestive of cholangitis. He was subsequently detected to have urinary tract infection with Klebsiella pneumoniae. The child was treated with appropriate antibiotics for 2 weeks following which the cholestasis resolved. Thus, neonatal cholestasis due to infections can also occur in the post-neonatal period without clinical manifestations of an underlying infection...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317087/imaging-and-clinicopathological-features-of-nivolumab-related-cholangitis-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
Hisato Kawakami, Junko Tanizaki, Kaoru Tanaka, Koji Haratani, Hidetoshi Hayashi, Masayuki Takeda, Ken Kamata, Mamoru Takenaka, Masatomo Kimura, Takaaki Chikugo, Takao Sato, Masatoshi Kudo, Akihiko Ito, Kazuhiko Nakagawa
Background Nivolumab demonstrates promising efficacy for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer and other malignancies. The clinical benefit of nivolumab, however, may be hampered by specific immune-related adverse events (irAEs), and little is known regarding nivolumab-related cholangitis. Methods A computerized search of our clinical database identified 3 metastatic non-small cell lung cancer patients with nivolumab-related cholangitis. All patients were treated with intravenous nivolumab monotherapy (3...
March 20, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314602/endoscopic-rendez-vous-reconstruction-of-complete-biliary-obstruction
#7
B Neu, S Nennstiel, S von Delius, M Abdelhafez, M Bajbouj, R M Schmid, H Berger, H Feussner, A Meining
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Complete biliary strictures normally require surgical intervention. We describe an alternative, minimally invasive endoscopic/percutaneous rendez-vous technique for the reconstruction of complete benign biliary strictures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Complete biliary strictures were reconstructed in four patients using a rendez-vous percutaneous-endoscopic or percutaneous-percutaneous route guided by fluoroscopic and visual (transillumination) control...
February 27, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303507/laparoscopic-conversion-of-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-to-a-standard-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#8
Imed Ben Amor, Niccolo Petrucciani, Radwan Kassir, Abdullah Al Munifi, Thierry Piche, Tarek Debs, Jean Gugenheim
INTRODUCTION: One anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) demonstrated results similar to traditional Roux-en-Y procedures [1-3], in terms of weight loss and resolution of obesity-related comorbidities. The main controversy regarding OAGB is the concern for an association between biliary alkaline gastritis and esophageal or gastric cancer raised by some studies [4]. METHODS: We present the case of a 51-year-old woman with a BMI of 41 kg/m2 who underwent a laparoscopic OAGB in 2014...
March 16, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289881/modified-biliary-enteric-anastomosis-for-congenital-choledochal-cyst-clinical-and-prognostic-analysis-of-91-cases
#9
Ji Chen, Bin Jiang, Jun Yi, Lei Huang, Xinmin Si
PURPOSE: To report our experience with a modified biliary-enteric anastomosis procedure for the surgical treatment of congenital choledochal cysts. METHODS: Between January 2009 and December 2013, 91 children (19 boys, 72 girls; ages, 6-145 months) with congenital choledochal cysts were treated with our modified surgical procedure in our hospital. Of these patients, 69 had type I cysts, and 22 had type IV B cysts. The main parameters analyzed mainly included the operative time, duration of bowel recovery, resumption of diet, postoperative hospital stay, liver-function tests, postoperative complications, and prognosis...
March 13, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287204/-biliary-and-kidney-lithiasis-during-treatment-with-daclatasvir-sofosbuvir-ribavirin-and-atazanavir-ritonavir-abacavir-lamivudine-in-an-hiv-hcv-genotype-4-infected-patient-a-case-report
#10
Andrea Vavassori, Paola Lanza, Ilaria Izzo, Salvatore Casari, Silvia Odolini, Serena Zaltron, Elena Festa, Francesco Castelli
New Direct-acting Antiviral Agents (DAA)-based anti-HCV therapies currently provide extraordinary opportunities to cure patients. Drug-drug interactions are however a real challenge during treatment. In particular, in HIV-infected patients in cART, DAA choice is limited by such interactions, which can result both in reduced efficacy and toxicity. We report the case of a HIV-infected patient on cART with atazanavir/ritonavir/abacavir/lamivudine, who presented kidney and biliary lithiasis, the latter treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy, after beginning anti-HCV treatment with daclatasvir/sofosbuvir/ribavirin...
February 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286559/a-comparative-evaluation-of-treatment-methods-for-bile-duct-stones-after-hepaticojejunostomy-between-percutaneous-transhepatic-cholangioscopy-and-peroral-short-double-balloon-enteroscopy
#11
Koichiro Tsutsumi, Hironari Kato, Shuntaro Yabe, Sho Mizukawa, Hiroyuki Seki, Yutaka Akimoto, Daisuke Uchida, Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Takeshi Tomoda, Naoki Yamamoto, Shigeru Horiguchi, Hirofumi Kawamoto, Hiroyuki Okada
BACKGROUND: Bile duct stones after hepaticojejunostomy are considered a troublesome adverse event. Although percutaneous transhepatic procedures using a cholangioscopy is performed to treat these bile duct stones, a peroral endoscopic procedure using a short, double-balloon enteroscope (sDBE) is an alternative. This study aimed to compare the immediate and long-term outcomes of both treatments for bile duct stones in patients who underwent prior hepaticojejunostomy. METHODS: Between October 2001 and May 2013, 40 consecutive patients were treated for bile duct stones after hepaticojejunostomy at a tertiary care hospital...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283178/activation-of-constitutive-androstane-receptor-prevents-cholesterol-gallstone-formation
#12
Shihai Cheng, Min Zou, Qinhui Liu, Jiangying Kuang, Jing Shen, Shiyun Pu, Lei Chen, Hong Li, Tong Wu, Rui Li, Yanping Li, Wei Jiang, Zhiyong Zhang, Jinhan He
Cholesterol gallstone disease (CGD) is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases. Lithogenic hepatic bile secretion precedes the formation of cholesterol gallstones. Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), a member of nuclear family, plays an important role in cholesterol and bile acid metabolism. To examine whether activation of CAR can prevent cholesterol gallstone formation, we treated C57BL6/J mice maintained on a lithogenic diet with CAR agonist 1,4-bis-[2-(3, 5-dichlorpyridyloxy)] benzene and performed bile duct cannulation to study the dynamics of biliary lipids...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280622/high-dose-chemoradiation-for-unresectable-hilar-cholangiocarcinomas-using-intensity-modulated-external-beam-radiotherapy-a-single-tertiary-care-centre-experience
#13
Reena Engineer, Shaesta Mehta, Nikhil Kalyani, Suresh Chaudhari, Tejas Dharia, Nitin Shetty, Supriya Chopra, Mahesh Goel, Suyash Kulkarni, Shyam Kishore Shrivastava
BACKGROUND: We present results of patients diagnosed with unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinomas treated with high dose radiotherapy and concurrent chemotherapy. METHODS: From Aug 2005 to Dec 2012, 68 consecutive patients were treated. Fifty patients (group 1) presenting to us with obstructive jaundice were planned for endobiliary brachytherapy (EBBT 14 Gy) followed external beam radiotherapy (EBRT 45 Gy). Twenty-two patients (group 2) who had previously undergone biliary drainage underwent EBRT (57 Gy)...
February 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266292/two-and-a-half-hours-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-a-deceased-brain-dead-donor-before-liver-transplantation-a-good-idea-to-accept
#14
Dieter P Hoyer, Gernot M Kaiser, Andreas Paul, Nikolaos Machairas, Ernesto P Molmenti, Georgios C Sotiropoulos
The sequelae of cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in organ donors potentially results in ischemic organ injury and graft dysfunction after transplantation. Thresholds of resuscitation times in brain dead liver donors have not been established so far. We report the case of a brain dead liver donor who experienced 2.5 hours of CPR whose liver was successfully transplanted. A 75-year-old male experienced CA and was treated by CPR with streptokinase application for 2.5 hours until stabilization of cardiac function...
January 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260480/living-donor-liver-transplant-follow-up-a-singlecenter-experience
#15
Syed Mudassir Laeeq, Farina M Hanif, Nasir Hassan Luck, Rajesh Kumar Mandhwani, Jawed Iqbal, Syed Haider Mehdi
OBJECTIVES: Liver transplant is a definite treatment of decompensated liver disease. Because of the shortage of livers from deceased donors, living-donor liver transplant is becoming more common. Here, we analyzed our clinical experience in the follow-up care of these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Liver transplant recipients seen at the Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (Karachi, Pakistan) were included in this analysis. Baseline characteristics and follow-up events were recorded...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260461/traumatic-neuroma-causing-biliary-stricture-after-orthotopic-liver-transplant-treated-with-hepaticojejunostomy-a-case-report
#16
Aysen Terzi, Mahir Kirnap, Cigdem Sercan, Gokce Ozdemir, Binnaz Handan Ozdemir, Mehmet Haberal
Traumatic neuromas of the biliary tract have occasionally been reported to cause strictures at the cystic duct stump as a late complication of cholecystectomy with common bile duct exploration. The incidence of symptomatic traumatic biliary neuroma appears to be low after orthotopic liver transplant, as only 25 patients have been described previously in the English-language literature. Traumatic (amputation) neuroma is a reactive proliferation of pericholangial nerve fibers induced by injury, but it is not a true neoplasm...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256505/mir-125b-5p-enhances-chemotherapy-sensitivity-to-cisplatin-by-down-regulating-bcl2-in-gallbladder-cancer
#17
Dong Yang, Ming Zhan, Tao Chen, Wei Chen, Yunhe Zhang, Sunwang Xu, Jinchun Yan, Qihong Huang, Jian Wang
Gallbladder cancer represents the most common malignancy of the biliary tract and is highly lethal with less than 5% overall 5-year survival rate. Chemotherapy remains the major treatment for late-stage patients. However, insensitivity to these chemotherapeutic agents including cisplatin is common. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown as modulators of drug resistance in many cancer types. We used genome-wide gene expression analysis in clinical samples to identify miR-125b-5p down-regulated in gallbladder cancer...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253553/utilizing-the-gall-bladder-as-a-conduit-in-treating-biliary-obstruction-a-historical-perspective
#18
Manjuka Raj, Eunice Lee, Christopher Christophi, Vijayaragavan Muralidharan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250026/foxo3-increases-mir-34a-to-cause-palmitate-induced-cholangiocyte-lipoapoptosis
#19
Sathish Kumar Natarajan, Bailey A Stringham, Ashley M Mohr, Cody J Wehrkamp, Sizhao Lu, Mary Anne Phillippi, Dee Harrison-Findik, Justin L Mott
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) patients have elevated plasma saturated free fatty acid levels. These toxic fatty acids can induce liver cell death and our recent results demonstrated that the biliary epithelium may be susceptible to lipotoxicity. Here, we explored the molecular mechanisms of cholangiocyte lipoapoptosis in cell culture and in an animal model of NASH. Treatment of cholangiocytes with palmitate showed increased caspase-3/7 activity, and increased levels of cleaved PARP and cleaved caspase 3 demonstrating cholangiocyte lipoapoptosis...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249258/apical-sodium-dependent-transporter-inhibitors-in-primary-biliary-cholangitis-and-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#20
Vinod S Hegade, David E J Jones, Gideon M Hirschfield
Bile acids (BAs) have gained mainstream attention since the discovery of their key role as signalling molecules in health and disease. The apical sodium-dependent transporter (ASBT) protein located in the terminal ileum plays an important physiological role in the enterohepatic circulation of BAs and therefore essential for the BA homeostasis. Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), the 2 most common cholestatic liver diseases are characterised by altered BA flow and BA composition, which contribute to disease progression and symptom (pruritus) development...
2017: Digestive Diseases
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