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Psychology, counseling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155195/unreliability-of-the-duplex-scan-in-diagnosing-corporeal-venous-occlusive-disease-cvod-in-young-healthy-males-with-erectile-deficiency-ed
#1
Giorgio Cavallini, Carlo Maretti
OBJECTIVE: To define the role of cavernosal venous occlusive dysfunction (CVOD) as the only cause of erectile dysfunction (ED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients meeting the CVOD criteria without any risk factors for organic ED were randomized into 2 groups; the end diastolic velocity (EDV), peak systolic velocity (PSV) and resistive index (RI) of their cavernosal arteries were assessed using color duplex Doppler ultrasound (CDDU) after intracavernous injection of Alprostadil 10 mcg (ICI)...
November 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154577/confounding-in-statistical-mediation-analysis-what-it-is-and-how-to-address-it
#2
Matthew J Valente, William E Pelham, Heather Smyth, David P MacKinnon
Psychology researchers are often interested in mechanisms underlying how randomized interventions affect outcomes such as substance use and mental health. Mediation analysis is a common statistical method for investigating psychological mechanisms that has benefited from exciting new methodological improvements over the last 2 decades. One of the most important new developments is methodology for estimating causal mediated effects using the potential outcomes framework for causal inference. Potential outcomes-based methods developed in epidemiology and statistics have important implications for understanding psychological mechanisms...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154573/topics-in-the-journal-of-counseling-psychology-1963-2015
#3
JungSu Oh, Alan E Stewart, Rosemary E Phelps
Historical trends in a scientific field should be apparent in the changing content of journal articles over time. Using a topic modeling approach, a statistical method for quantifying the thematic content of text, 70 topics were extracted from the abstracts of 3,603 articles published in the Journal of Counseling Psychology from 1963 to 2015. After examining interpretability of 70 topics derived from the model, 64 meaningful topics and their trends were named. In addition, the authors also classified some of the related topics into 4 categories-counseling process and outcome, multiculturalism, research methodology, and vocational psychology...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154572/introduction-to-special-section-on-advanced-methodology-counseling-the-dog-to-wag-its-methodological-tail
#4
Zac E Imel, Stephanie Budge, Jesse Owen
In this article, we introduce a special section focused on the application of advanced methodologies to specific research questions in counseling psychology. The articles include applications of natural language processing, dynamic systems, mediation analyses in single studies and meta-analysis, and synthesis of qualitative research. We provide a brief overview of each article. (PsycINFO Database Record
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153008/teaching-health-versus-treating-illness-the-efficacy-of-three-principles-correctional-counseling-with-people-in-an-english-prison
#5
Thomas M Kelley, Jacqueline Hollows, Eric G Lambert, Dennis M Savard, Jack Pransky
Three principles correctional counseling (3PCC) posits that people in prison have inner mental health they have obscured to varying degrees with their own thinking. 3PCC further posits that people in prison can rekindle and sustain this inner health via understanding how three psychospiritual principles-Universal Mind, consciousness, and thought-coalesce to form people's psychological experience. We review the three principles and explain how exposure to these principles can lead to improved mental health and improved behavior...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151816/counselling-professionals-awareness-and-understanding-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-training-needs-for-working-therapeutically-with-survivors
#6
Charlie Jackson
Background: There is a dearth of literature that has looked at the psychological impact of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), and little is known about the understanding and awareness of FGM/C amongst counselling professionals. Method: An online survey was completed by 2073 BACP members. The survey covered four broad themes: demographics; awareness and understanding of FGM/C; experience of working therapeutically with survivors; and FGM/C training. Descriptive and inferential analyses were undertaken on quantitative data, and thematic content analysis was undertaken on qualitative data...
December 2017: Couns Psychother Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147859/initial-psycho-oncological-counselling-in-neuro-oncology-analysis-of-topics-and-needs-of-brain-tumour-patients
#7
Stephanie Schipmann, Eric Suero Molina, Anna Frasch, Walter Stummer, Dorothee Wiewrodt
Diagnosis of a brain tumour is associated with a tremendous disruption of emotional, physical and social well-being. Due to the complexity of the disease and the affection of the central organ, the brain, brain tumour patients differ from other cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concerns and burdens presented by brain tumour patients during their initial psycho-oncological consultation. We performed a retrospective analysis of 53 patients with the diagnosis of either benign or malignant brain tumour, seeking counsel by a neurosurgeon specialised in psycho-oncology...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145078/the-efficacy-of-group-metacognitive-therapy-for-children-mct-c-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-an-open-trial
#8
Barbara Hoff Esbjørn, Nicoline Normann, Bianca Munkebo Christiansen, Marie Louise Reinholdt-Dunne
Metacognitive therapy is an effective treatment for anxiety disorders in adults. Studies have demonstrated that the underlying theoretical model is also supported in children. It has therefore been suggested that metacognitive therapy for children may be effective. Our study is an open trial of metacognitive therapy for children with generalized anxiety as their primary disorder. Therapy was provided in groups. Families were interviewed with the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule - child/parent versions. They reported on the child's anxiety levels using the Revised Childrens Anxiety and Depression Scale - child/parent versions...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132260/the-psychological-and-social-consequences-of-single-sided-deafness-in-adulthood
#9
Laura Lucas, Roulla Katiri, Pádraig Thomas Kitterick
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the subjective psychological and social effects of highly asymmetric hearing loss (single-sided deafness [SSD]) in adults. DESIGN: Three group interviews were conducted using the critical incident technique and analysed using an inductive thematic analysis. STUDY SAMPLE: Eight adults with a clinical diagnosis of a moderately severe hearing loss or greater in one ear and normal or near-normal hearing in the other ear...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130150/predictors-of-adverse-psychological-experiences-surrounding-genome-wide-profiling-for-disease-risk
#10
K M Broady, K E Ormond, E J Topol, N J Schork, Cinnamon S Bloss
This study aimed to identify predictors of adverse psychological experiences among direct-to-consumer (DTC) genomic test consumers. We performed a secondary analysis on data from the Scripps Genomic Health Initiative (SGHI), which studied 2037 individuals tested with commercially available tests yielding personalized risk estimates for 23 common, genetically complex diseases. As part of the original study, the participants completed baseline and follow-up survey measures assessing demographics, personal and family health history, attitudes toward genetic testing, anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)), test-related distress (Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R)), and reactions to receipt of results...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128275/a-longitudinal-study-of-motivations-before-and-psychosexual-outcomes-after-genital-gender-confirming-surgery-in-transmen
#11
Tim C van de Grift, Garry L S Pigot, Siham Boudhan, Lian Elfering, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels, Luk A C L Gijs, Marlon E Buncamper, Müjde Özer, Wouter van der Sluis, Eric J H Meuleman, Mark-Bram Bouman, Margriet G Mullender
BACKGROUND: Genital dissatisfaction is an important reason for transmen to undergo genital gender-confirming surgery (GCS; phalloplasty or metoidioplasty). However, little is known about motives for choosing specific techniques, how transmen benefit postoperatively, and whether psychosexual outcomes improve. AIM: To evaluate motivations for and psychosexual outcomes after GCS. METHODS: A longitudinal study of 21 transmen at least 1 year after GCS was conducted...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123346/estimation-of-need-for-palliative-care-among-noncancer-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#12
Parvathy Prasad, Sonali Sarkar, Biswajit Dubashi, S Adinarayanan
Context: Palliative care services, until recently, were mainly restricted to cancer patients with incurable diseases. Hence, evaluative studies of palliative care are sparse in areas other than oncology. Aims: To estimate what proportion of patients attending the Departments of Neurology, Cardiology, and Nephrology of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, required palliative care and to identify the palliative care needs of those patients...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120208/university-students-perceived-need-for-mental-health-services-a-study-of-variables-related-to-not-seeking-help
#13
Sara Nash, Meggen Sixbey, Sunghee An, Ana Puig
This study analyzed data from the 2012 Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) survey, collected from undergraduate students at 9 universities. Researchers explored how demographic and behavioral variables related to avoidance of psychological help when needed. A total of 7,992 SERU participants responded to target items included in the present study. We examined whether student characteristics and behaviors differed between 3 self-report groups: (1) students who indicated they did not need counseling services; (2) students who reported needing counseling services, but not using them; and (3) students who reported using counseling services at least once during the 2012 academic year...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120205/university-counseling-service-for-improving-students-mental-health
#14
Francesca Vescovelli, Paolo Melani, Chiara Ruini, Pio Enrico Ricci Bitti, Fiorella Monti
The main aims of this study were to provide an initial sociodemographic and clinical characterization of university students' academic and psychological functioning and to investigate and compare the feasibility and clinical utility of psychotherapies (cognitive behavior vs. psychodynamic) delivered at a large University in Northern Italy for improving university students' mental health, using self and observer-report measures. One hundred forty-9 students (102 women; MAge = 24.55, SD = 3.35) were consecutively interviewed and extensively assessed by independent clinicians of the Service before and after the intervention, using the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation and the Global Assessment Scale...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120202/collaboration-confidentiality-and-care
#15
Latoya S Moss
There is an increasing call to attend to the needs of students in distress (Reynolds, 2013). Furthermore, research has begun to highlight links between distress, risky, or dangerous behaviors as well as issues in mental health in the higher education population (Deasy, Coughlan, Pironom, Jourdan, & Mannix-McNamara, 2014). The National Alliance on Mental Health and the Jed Foundation (National Alliance on Mental Illness & the Jed Foundation, 2016) estimate that about 20% of enrolled college students will face some type of mental illness...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120198/college-counseling-services-meeting-today-s-demands
#16
Michi Fu, Alice W Cheng
This article is an introduction to the special issue of Psychological Services highlighting college counseling services as integral agents in public service delivery. The editors hope that readers across varied environments will enjoy learning of samples of the creative work being implemented across counseling centers to the benefit of all those who are served in public service settings. (PsycINFO Database Record
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119462/syncope-in-pediatric-practice
#17
REVIEW
Pratibha Singhi, Arushi Gahlot Saini
Syncope is defined as a sudden, self-limited loss of consciousness and postural tone followed by spontaneous and complete recovery without any neurological sequelae. It is one of the most common paroxysmal disorders in children and adolescents. The three major causes of syncope in children are neural, cardiovascular and other non-cardiovascular causes. The common unifying mechanism is transient global hypoperfusion of the brain. The diagnosis is primarily clinical and objective laboratory investigations add little to the diagnosis in children especially in neurocardiogenic subtype...
November 9, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118280/association-between-social-anxiety-with-oral-hygiene-status-and-tongue-coating-among-patients-with-subjective-halitosis
#18
Jenisha Patel, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, Padma Reddy, Srikanth Reddy, Adepu Srilatha
Purpose: Halitosis is a universal affliction suffered by many individuals irrespective of age, sex and social status. Concern about oral malodor can significantly impede an individual's personal, professional and public life which can lead to the development of social anxiety. The present study was undertaken to assess the association between social anxiety with oral hygiene status and tongue coating among patients with subjective halitosis.Methods: A total of 321(n=321) subjects were self-recruited to participate in this IRB approved study...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117602/-low-intensity-psychiatric-expert-monitoring-and-counseling-of-unemployed-presentation-of-the-g%C3%A3-tersloh-pilot-project
#19
Pascal Wabnitz, Bruno Hemkendreis, Silke Ostermann, Klaus-Thomas Kronmüller, Rolf Erdsiek, André Nienaber
Objective Psychological problems are highly prevalent in unemployed people and can lead to impairments in several areas of life. Programs to support and assist those affected, especially the long-term unemployed, are scarce. Reservations by those affected present an additional barrier with respect to health care utilisation. The authors designed a collaborative care cooperation project between a local job center and a psychiatric clinic with the aims of counselling unemployed people with psychological distress as well as offering continuing psychosocial care if required...
November 8, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111502/a-simple-clinical-score-for-prediction-of-nonepileptic-seizures
#20
Sindhu R Rao, Jeremy D Slater, Giridhar P Kalamangalam
Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), often mistaken for epilepsy in community practice, require inpatient video-EEG (VEEG) monitoring for diagnostic confirmation. We developed a simple score designed for use in an outpatient setting to predict the subsequent VEEG diagnosis of PNES. We retrospectively compared fifty-five consecutive patients with VEEG-proven PNES (N1=55) with a group of randomly selected patients with VEEG-proven epilepsy (N2=55). Patients were divided into two groups: I) a 'truly retrospective' group of 27 patients with PNES and 27 patients with epilepsy whose data served to develop the score, and II) a 'pseudoprospective' group of 28 patients each with PNES and epilepsy to whom the score was applied...
October 27, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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