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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333842/review-article-sexuality-and-risk-reducing-salpingo-oophorectomy
#1
Paige E Tucker, Paul A Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Women with familial cancer syndromes such as hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (BRCA1 and BRCA2) and Lynch syndrome are at a significantly increased risk of developing ovarian cancer and are advised to undergo prophylactic removal of their ovaries and fallopian tubes at age 35 to 40 years, after childbearing is complete. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of studies on risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO), sexuality, and associated issues was conducted in MEDLINE databases...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333327/disclosure-of-donor-conception-age-of-disclosure-and-the-well-being-of-donor-offspring
#2
Guido Pennings
The matter of disclosure of donor conception to donor offspring is a very contentious issue. A frequently mentioned argument is that disclosure is in the best interest of the child. The objectives of this paper are 2-fold: first, to find out whether there are any measureable, stable differences in the psychological well-being of donor offspring who are informed of the mode of their conception compared to those who are not, and second, to find out what is being done with the evidence. We found that there exists no empirical evidence of differences in psychological well-being of donor offspring in disclosing or nondisclosing families...
March 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332946/ethnic-differences-in-psychosocial-services-use-among-non-latina-white-and-latina-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
Rosario Costas-Muñiz, Migda Hunter-Hernández, Olga Garduño-Ortega, Jennifer Morales-Cruz, Francesca Gany
Background This study examined the use of psychosocial services (i.e. social work, psychiatric, psychological, and spiritual/pastoral services) among Latina and Non-Latina White breast cancer survivors. Methods Survivors who received treatment in a Comprehensive Cancer Center in New York completed a mailed questionnaire about interest in help for distress, and psychosocial service use. Descriptive and non-parametric statistics were used to explore ethnic differences in use of, and interest in, psychosocial services...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328806/craniosynostosis-scheuermann-s-disease-and-intellectual-disability-resembling-shprintzen-goldberg-syndrome-a-report-on-a-family-over-4-generations-case-report
#4
Ali Al Kaissi, Zahra Marrakchi, Nabil M Nassib, Jochen Hofstaetter, Franz Grill, Rudolf Ganger, Susanne Gerit Kircher
RATIONALE: Craniosynostosis is a disorder characterized by premature fusion of cranial sutures with subsequent development of abnormal craniofacial contour associated with variable skeletal and extra-skeletal abnormalities. In this family syndromic type of craniosynostosis was recognized and the etiology behind diverse forms of deformities have been diagnosed. PATIENT CONCERNS: The negative impact of the disorder on the child and his family is enormous. Particularly when the diagnosis is late and little can be done...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324221/insuring-care-paperwork-insurance-rules-and-clinical-labor-at-a-u-s-transgender-clinic
#5
Marieke van Eijk
What is a clinician to do when people needing medical care do not have access to consistent or sufficient health insurance coverage and cannot pay for care privately? Analyzing ethnographically how clinicians at a university-based transgender clinic in the United States responded to this challenge, I examine the U.S. health insurance system, insurance paperwork, and administrative procedures that shape transgender care delivery. To buffer the impact of the system's failure to provide sufficient health insurance coverage for transgender care, clinicians blended administrative routines with psychological therapy, counseled people's minds and finances, and leveraged the prestige of their clinic in attempts to create space for gender nonconforming embodiments in gender conservative insurance policies...
March 21, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321962/psychosocial-care-for-children-with-haemophilia-and-their-parents-in-the-netherlands
#6
REVIEW
P F Limperg, L Haverman, M Beijlevelt, M van der Pot, G Zaal, W A de Boer, K Fijnvandraat, M Peters, M A Grootenhuis
INTRODUCTION: Children growing up with haemophilia are at greater risk for psychosocial problems than their healthy peers. Providing psychosocial care to children with haemophilia and their families is indispensable, since psychosocial factors can have a significant impact on health and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). AIMS: Our aim was to give a description of psychosocial care provided by the multidisciplinary team of the Hemophilia Comprehensive Care Centre (HCCC) at the Emma Children's Hospital in Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
March 21, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318434/perceived-barriers-to-following-dietary-recommendations-in-hypertensive-patients
#7
Reza Mahdavi, Azadeh Bagheri Asl, Mohammad Asghari Jafar Abadi, Nazli Namazi
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most important public health problems in the world. Lifestyle modification including dietary changes such as following the Dietary to Stop Hypertension (DASH) plan is the first step to control HTN. The aim of the present study was to identify perceived barriers to following dietary recommendations in hypertensive patients in Zanjan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 200 outpatients (161 women, 39 men) with essential HTN (systolic blood pressure [SBP] ≥ 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure [DBP] ≥ 90 mmHg) were recruited from August to November 2012...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299792/life-experience-of-the-adult-and-ageing-patient-with-haemophilia-practical-aspects-for-psychological-support
#8
REVIEW
A Torres-Ortuño, R Cid-Sabatel, J Barbero, M García-Dasí
This article discusses, from a psychological perspective, the life experience of the adult and ageing person with haemophilia, including psychological issues, aspects of his personal and social integration, decision-making, communication and other factors that may affect treatment adherence and quality of life. The aim was to provide haematologists and healthcare staff with knowledge and resources to improve communication and support for adult persons with haemophilia, and raise awareness on psychosocial issues related to quality of life, sexuality and aspects associated with ageing with haemophilia...
March 15, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287497/role-of-genetics-in-the-etiology-of-autistic-spectrum-disorder-towards-a-hierarchical-diagnostic-strategy
#9
REVIEW
Cyrille Robert, Laurent Pasquier, David Cohen, Mélanie Fradin, Roberto Canitano, Léna Damaj, Sylvie Odent, Sylvie Tordjman
Progress in epidemiological, molecular and clinical genetics with the development of new techniques has improved knowledge on genetic syndromes associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The objective of this article is to show the diversity of genetic disorders associated with ASD (based on an extensive review of single-gene disorders, copy number variants, and other chromosomal disorders), and consequently to propose a hierarchical diagnostic strategy with a stepwise evaluation, helping general practitioners/pediatricians and child psychiatrists to collaborate with geneticists and neuropediatricians, in order to search for genetic disorders associated with ASD...
March 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285466/acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-a-web-based-psychosocial-intervention-among-criminal-justice-involved-adults
#10
J D Lee, B Tofighi, R McDonald, A Campbell, M C Hu, E Nunes
BACKGROUND: The acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness of web-based interventions among criminal justice involved populations are understudied. This study is a secondary analysis of baseline characteristics associated with criminal justice system (CJS) status as treatment outcome moderators among participants enrolling in a large randomized trial of a web-based psychosocial intervention (Therapeutic Education System [TES]) as part of outpatient addiction treatment. METHODS: We compared demographic and clinical characteristics, TES participation rates, and the trial's two co-primary outcomes, end of treatment abstinence and treatment retention, by self-reported CJS status at baseline: 1) CJS-mandated to community treatment (CJS-mandated), 2) CJS-recommended to treatment (CJS-recommended), 3) no CJS treatment mandate (CJS-none)...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283917/risk-perception-and-psychological-distress-in-genetic-counselling-for-hereditary-breast-and-or-ovarian-cancer
#11
G Cicero, R De Luca, P Dorangricchia, G Lo Coco, C Guarnaccia, D Fanale, V Calò, A Russo
Oncological Genetic Counselling (CGO) allows the identification of a genetic component that increases the risk of developing a cancer. Individuals' psychological reactions are influenced by both the content of the received information and the subjective perception of their own risk of becoming ill or being a carrier of a genetic mutation. This study included 120 participants who underwent genetic counselling for breast and/or ovarian cancer. The aim of the study was to examine the relation between their cancer risk perception and the genetic risk during CGO before receiving genetic test results, considering the influence of some psychological variables, in particular distress, anxiety and depression...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277276/the-use-of-eriksonian-hypnosis-to-improve-patient-outcomes-in-pharmacy-practice-a-novel-communication-skill-for-pharmacists
#12
John M Lonie, Cherie Tsingos-Lucas
Motivational Interviewing, pharmacist-based health coaching and traditional patient counseling techniques all show merit in improving communication between patients and health care providers. However, in order to effectively utilize these techniques one should have the ability to draw upon internal cognitive and psychological resources. Some patients have difficulty obtaining optimal health outcomes due to an unconscious inability to learn and connect with psychological resources. When this is the case, other methods of communication may need to be considered...
October 22, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271394/special-issue%C3%A2-introduction-dealing-with-psychological-and-social-complexity-in-genetic-counseling
#13
EDITORIAL
Luba Djurdjinovic, June A Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263740/safety-of-disclosing-amyloid-status-in-cognitively-normal-older-adults
#14
Jeffrey M Burns, David K Johnson, Edward P Liebmann, Rebecca J Bothwell, Jill K Morris, Eric D Vidoni
INTRODUCTION: Disclosing amyloid status to cognitively normal individuals remains controversial given our lack of understanding the test's clinical significance and unknown psychological risk. METHODS: We assessed the effect of amyloid status disclosure on anxiety and depression before disclosure, at disclosure, and 6 weeks and 6 months postdisclosure and test-related distress after disclosure. RESULTS: Clinicians disclosed amyloid status to 97 cognitively normal older adults (27 had elevated cerebral amyloid)...
March 3, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260449/living-kidney-donor-cancellation-at-king-hussein-medical-center
#15
Katibh Al-Rabadi, Reham Issa Almardini, Mysoon Hajeer, Mahmood Hendawi, Aiham Hadad
OBJECTIVES: Living-related kidney donation is the main source of renal grafts in Jordan, since kidneys from deceased donors are scarce. Although the Jordanian community accepts the idea of kidney donation to family members, not all potential donors manage to complete the required psychologic and medical evaluations. We review the causes of kidney-donation cancellation and suggest options to increase the number of available organs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all potential living-related kidney donors at King Hussein Medical Center between January 2008 and June 2016...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255928/a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-to-assess-outcomes-of-genetic-counseling
#16
REVIEW
Barbara A Athens, Samantha L Caldwell, Kendall L Umstead, Philip D Connors, Ethan Brenna, Barbara B Biesecker
With the advancements in precision medicine and health care reform, it is critical that genetic counseling practice respond to emerging evidence to maximize client benefit. The objective of this review was to synthesize evidence on outcomes from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of genetic counseling to inform clinical practice. Seven databases were searched in conducting this review. Studies were selected for inclusion if they were: (a) RCTs published from 1990 to 2015, and (b) assessed a direct outcome of genetic counseling...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253879/seeking-help-in-times-of-economic-hardship-access-experiences-of-services-and-unmet-need
#17
M C Barnes, J L Donovan, C Wilson, J Chatwin, R Davies, J Potokar, N Kapur, K Hawton, R O'Connor, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Economic recessions are often accompanied by increased levels of psychological distress and suicidal behaviour in affected populations. Little is known about the experiences of people seeking help for employment, financial and benefit-related difficulties during recessions. We investigated the experiences of people struggling financially in the aftermath of the Great Recession (2008-9) - including some who had self-harmed - and of the frontline support staff providing assistance...
March 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250561/psychological-adaptation-to-alteration-of-body-image-among-stoma-patients-a-descriptive-study
#18
Umesh Jayarajah, Dharmabandhu Nandadeva Samarasekera
BACKGROUND: Creation of an ostomy leads to significant change in the body image of the patient. However, adaptation to this alteration of body image is necessary for rehabilitation following surgery. The objective of this study was to identify the factors that influence adaptation to altered body image. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among 41 ostomy patients who were treated at a single tertiary care unit. Body image disturbance questionnaire (BIDQ) was used to assess the perception of body image...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249592/a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-assessing-the-non-inferiority-of-counselling-for-depression-versus-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-patients-in-primary-care-meeting-a-diagnosis-of-moderate-or-severe-depression-practiced-study-protocol-for-a-randomised
#19
David Saxon, Kate Ashley, Lindsey Bishop-Edwards, Janice Connell, Phillippa Harrison, Sally Ohlsen, Gillian E Hardy, Stephen Kellett, Clara Mukuria, Toni Mank, Peter Bower, Mike Bradburn, John Brazier, Robert Elliott, Lynne Gabriel, Michael King, Stephen Pilling, Sue Shaw, Glenn Waller, Michael Barkham
BACKGROUND: NICE guidelines state cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a front-line psychological treatment for people presenting with depression in primary care. Counselling for Depression (CfD), a form of Person-Centred Experiential therapy, is also offered within Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services for moderate depression but its effectiveness for severe depression has not been investigated. A full-scale randomised controlled trial to determine the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of CfD is required...
March 1, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248028/-self-inflicted-genital-injury
#20
R A Abdurakhmanov, A K Abdurakhmanov, V A Kopylov
Self-inflicted injury to external genitalia in men is an uncommon type of trauma. The international and domestic literature report isolated cases of injury to the external genitalia, caused by a patient intending to harm himself. This type of injury often occurs in patients with mental disorders. The authors describe their own clinical observations of rare types of self-inflicted genital injuries in patients without a history of mental disorders. During the period from 2012 to 2015, 4 patients with self-inflicted genital injuries were admitted to the hospital...
November 2016: Urologii︠a︡
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