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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782234/assessing-the-confidence-of-australian-mental-health-practitioners-in-delivering-therapy-to-people-with-intellectual-disability
#1
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian Kneebone
Research supports the use of psychological therapies among people with mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID). One barrier to people with ID accessing psychological treatments is the confidence of mental health practitioners. This article explores the confidence of Australian clinicians in providing therapy to people with ID. One hundred and fifty-two psychologists and counselors in Australia completed a survey exploring self-reported confidence when working with clients who have ID and mental health difficulties...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779545/counseling-psychological-and-social-services-staffing-policies-in-u-s-school-districts
#2
Nancy Brener, Zewditu Demissie
INTRODUCTION: Schools are in a unique position to meet the mental and behavioral health needs of children and adolescents because approximately 95% of young people aged 7-17 years attend school. Little is known, however, about policies related to counseling, psychological, and social services staffing in school districts. This study analyzed the prevalence of such policies in public school districts in the U.S. METHODS: Data from four cycles (2000, 2006, 2012, and 2016) of the School Health Policies and Practices Study, a national survey periodically conducted to assess policies and practices for ten components of school health, were analyzed in 2017...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779511/preconception-care-for-the-patient-and-family
#3
REVIEW
Elizabeth Hall, Robingale Panepinto, Elizabeth Keeley Bowman
Preconception counseling is essential for women of childbearing age and family members who have decided to conceive because the level of well health of the mother and unborn child are affected by decisions and actions of the mother before and during pregnancy. Proactively planning pregnancy includes scheduling a preconception counseling consultation with a provider. Understanding physical, psychological, and emotional needs promotes healthy pregnancy outcomes for mother and baby. This article offers a reflective and holistic perspective of how health care providers frame, prioritize, and engage with the patient and family during the preconception consultation...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777605/ethics-and-or-aesthetics-reflections-on-cosmetic-surgery-for-adolescents
#4
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Enrico Marinelli, Simona Napoletano, Natale Mario Di Luca, Simona Zaami
Cosmetic surgery entails various ethical issues, even more so in cases involving adolescent patients. Cosmetic surgeons need to take into account how modern societies consider physical appearance an essential component of everyday life, as well as the vulnerability of youths and adolescents. For that reason, it is imperative to thoroughly assess the psychological and emotional states, in addition to the motivations, of minor patients. That goal can be achieved through the use of the DAS-59, (the Derriford Appearance Scale)1 , an effective and dependable tool devised to evaluate the psychological difficulties and distress experienced by people living with problems of appearance...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775389/systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-cancer-survivorship-care-plans-on-health-outcomes-and-health-care-delivery
#5
Paul B Jacobsen, Antonio P DeRosa, Tara O Henderson, Deborah K Mayer, Chaya S Moskowitz, Electra D Paskett, Julia H Rowland
Purpose Numerous organizations recommend that patients with cancer receive a survivorship care plan (SCP) comprising a treatment summary and follow-up care plans. Among current barriers to implementation are providers' concerns about the strength of evidence that SCPs improve outcomes. This systematic review evaluates whether delivery of SCPs has a positive impact on health outcomes and health care delivery for cancer survivors. Methods Randomized and nonrandomized studies evaluating patient-reported outcomes, health care use, and disease outcomes after delivery of SCPs were identified by searching MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Cochrane Library...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752248/psychobehavioral-profiles-to-assist-tailoring-of-interventions-for-patients-with-hypertension-latent-profile-analysis
#6
Rika Tanaka, Robert P Nolan
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines advocate combining pharmacotherapy with lifestyle counseling for patients with hypertension. To allow for appropriate tailoring of interventions to meet individual patient needs, a comprehensive understanding of baseline patient characteristics is essential. However, few studies have empirically assessed behavioral profiles of hypertensive patients in Web-based lifestyle counseling programs. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (1) specify baseline psychobehavioral profiles of patients with hypertension who were enrolled in a Web-based lifestyle counseling trial, and (2) examine mean differences among the identified profile groups in demographics, psychological distress, self-reported self-care behaviors, physiological outcomes, and program engagement to determine prognostic implications...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749682/psycho-oncology-overview-obstacles-and-opportunities
#7
Jimmie C Holland
Worldwide, psychological and social issues in cancer were not the subject of scientific inquiry until the past two decades. Since then, a new subspecialty of oncology has evolved, psycho-oncology. It addresses two dimensions of cancer: the emotional responses of patients at all stages of disease, as well as their families and caretakers (psychosocial); and the pyschological, social and behavioral factors that may influence cancer morbidity and mortality (psychobiological). Obstacles to development have been the facts of small numbers of clinicians and investigators worldwide and the few valid assessment instruments and research methods available to the biomedical community...
May 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748946/psychosocial-wellbeing-of-infertile-couples-in-jordan
#8
Alia Mahadeen, Ayman Mansour, Jehad Al-Halabi, Samira Al Habashneh, Aya Bani Kenana
Background: The psychological and social impact of infertility on married couples alerted researchers in developing countries to consequences of infertility and the need to not underestimate the problem. Aim: To examine the psychosocial wellbeing of infertile couples in Jordan. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive correlational study design was used to collect data regarding depression, psychological distress, life satisfaction, coping, optimism and perceived social support from 248 infertile couples using a self-administered questionnaire...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747575/assessing-treatment-fidelity-and-contamination-in-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-and-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-skills-in-type-2-diabetes
#9
Nicholas Magill, Helen Graves, Nicole de Zoysa, Kirsty Winkley, Stephanie Amiel, Emma Shuttlewood, Sabine Landau, Khalida Ismail
BACKGROUND: Competencies in psychological techniques delivered by primary care nurses to support diabetes self-management were compared between the intervention and control arms of a cluster randomised controlled trial as part of a process evaluation. The trial was pragmatic and designed to assess effectiveness. This article addresses the question of whether the care that was delivered in the intervention and control trial arms represented high fidelity treatment and attention control, respectively...
May 10, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745697/-great-aspirations-the-postwar-american-college-counseling-center-correction-to-mccarthy-2014
#10
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Great aspirations: The postwar American college counseling center" by Tom McCarthy ( History of Psychology , 2014[Feb], Vol 17[1], 1-18). In the article, the copyright attribution was incorrect. The copyright is "In the public domain". The online version of this article has been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2014-04967-001.) In the decade after World War II, psychologists, eager to bring the benefits of counseling to larger numbers, convinced hundreds of American colleges and universities to establish counseling centers...
May 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743940/delayed-anxiety-and-depressive-morbidity-among-dengue-patients-in-a-multi-ethnic-urban-setting-first-report-from-sri-lanka
#11
Nayana Gunathilaka, Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika, Shirom Siriwardana, Lakmini Wijesooriya
Background: Although the physical consequences of dengue are well documented, delayed psychological co-morbidities are not well studied to date. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms among past dengue patients. Methods: A community-based, case-control study in a multi-ethnic urban setting was conducted in Sri Lanka involving adults who were diagnosed to have dengue fever by a positive dengue IgM antibody response between 6 and 24 months ago...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743876/examining-a-sequential-mediation-model-of-chinese-university-students-well-being-a-career-construction-perspective
#12
Mingke Zhuang, Zhuolin She, Zijun Cai, Zheng Huang, Qian Xiang, Ping Wang, Fei Zhu
Despite career construction theory attends to individual subjective career and provides a useful lens to study well-being, extant research has yielded limited insights into the mechanisms through which career construction variables influence individual well-being. To address this important gap, the present study examined a mediation model that links indicators of career adaptivity (big-five personality and approach/avoidance traits) to psychological well-being (psychological flourishing and life satisfaction) through career adaptability and in sequent meaning of life (presence of life meaning and search for life meaning) among a sample of Chinese university students ( N = 165)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741571/struggling-with-nutrition-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-nutrition-and-nourishment-focusing-on-metabolism-and-supportive-care
#13
J Arends
Patients with advanced cancer are at high risk of losing vital body resources resulting in malnutrition, immunodeficiency, impaired quality of life and worse clinical outcome. Prominent among the diverse factors contributing to this complex condition are metabolic derangements characterized by systemic inflammation, catabolism and accumulating changes in body composition. Because cure in advanced cancer still remains elusive, optimal supportive and integrated palliative care are required to allow patients to tolerate aggressive or long-term anticancer treatments, to maintain an adequate quality of life or to stay the course of advancing disease...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740904/falling-through-the-cracks-a-thematic-evaluation-of-unmet-needs-of-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancers
#14
Jennifer White, Joanne Park, K Brooke Russell, K A Reynolds, A Madani, Linda E Carlson, Janine Giese-Davis
BACKGROUND: The population of adult survivors of childhood cancers (ASCCs) is growing, resulting in unique long-term challenges. This study explored experiences of perceived unmet ASCC survivorship needs. METHODS: We invited ASCCs to complete surveys sent through the cancer registry. Four open-ended questions allowed participants to write in comments. We analyzed responses to these open-ended questions thematically, employing a process of constant comparison. RESULTS: Our sample included 94 ASCCs who completed open-ended questions (61 female; aged 20-78 years, mean age=34...
May 8, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733236/predicting-the-mental-health-of-college-students-with-psychological-capital
#15
Priscilla Rose Selvaraj, Christine Suniti Bhat
BACKGROUND: Behavioral health treatment is grounded in the medical model with language of deficits and problems, rather than resources and strengths. With developments in the field of positive psychology, re-focusing on well-being rather than illness is possible. AIMS: The primary purpose of this study was to examine relationships and predictions that exist between levels of mental health in college students, i.e., flourishing, moderate mental health, and languishing, and psychological capital (PsyCap)...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720104/prenatal-diagnosis-in-a-hereditary-peutz-jeghers-syndrome-family-with-high-cancer-risk
#16
Zhiqing Wang, Shu Liu, Siping Liu, Yadong Wang, Junsheng Chen, Baoping Wu
BACKGROUND: Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) is a hereditary cancer predisposing syndrome caused by autosomal dominant mutations in the serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11) gene and is associated with decreased life expectancy. Many families experience a poorer quality of life due to the psychological burden associated with the carrier status of their child. Therefore early genetic testing and confirmation of the diagnosis is important for patients' psychological status, as well as for clinical management, genetic counseling and possible prenatal family planning...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700967/retrospective-cohort-study-on-korean-adolescents-sleep-depression-school-adjustment-and-life-satisfaction
#17
Sook Ja Yang, Hyo Sung Cha
Sleep patterns have an important role in the physical and psychological health of adolescents. In this study, we investigated the effects of sleep duration on depression, school adjustment, and life satisfaction of adolescents. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using secondary data on first and second grade students in middle schools from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey. Those who responded to all items about sleep were selected, and those who were within 30 min of sleep duration difference across 1 year were selected...
April 27, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694491/multidisciplinary-and-motivational-intervention-for-the-treatment-of-low-income-brazilian-obese-adolescents-pilot-study
#18
Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Ana Lydia Sawaya
OBJECTIVE: To test a multidisciplinary and motivational intervention for the treatment of Brazilian obese and low-income adolescents (Z score>2 BMI-for-age) that used nutritional counseling without dietary control. METHODS: An intervention protocol was developed including periodical nutritional education workshops, individual nutritional counseling guided by the stages of eating behavior of the Trans Theoretical Model of Behavior Change, physical exercise, psychological counseling, recreational activities, and clinical follow-up for 13 months in a sample of 21 adolescents (11-17 years old)...
April 23, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683911/acog-committee-opinion-no-736-optimizing-postpartum-care
#19
(no author information available yet)
The weeks following birth are a critical period for a woman and her infant, setting the stage for long-term health and well-being. To optimize the health of women and infants, postpartum care should become an ongoing process, rather than a single encounter, with services and support tailored to each woman's individual needs. It is recommended that all women have contact with their obstetrician-gynecologists or other obstetric care providers within the first 3 weeks postpartum. This initial assessment should be followed up with ongoing care as needed, concluding with a comprehensive postpartum visit no later than 12 weeks after birth...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683906/acog-committee-opinion-no-736-summary-optimizing-postpartum-care
#20
(no author information available yet)
The weeks following birth are a critical period for a woman and her infant, setting the stage for long-term health and well-being. To optimize the health of women and infants, postpartum care should become an ongoing process, rather than a single encounter, with services and support tailored to each woman's individual needs. It is recommended that all women have contact with their obstetrician-gynecologists or other obstetric care providers within the first 3 weeks postpartum. This initial assessment should be followed up with ongoing care as needed, concluding with a comprehensive postpartum visit no later than 12 weeks after birth...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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