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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446419/the-smartphone-peer-physical-activity-counseling-sppac-program-for-manual-wheelchair-users-protocol-of-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Krista L Best, François Routhier, Shane N Sweet, Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Jaimie F Borisoff, Luc Noreau, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) must be performed regularly to accrue health benefits. However, the majority of manual wheelchair users do not meet PA recommendations. Existing community-based PA programs for manual wheelchair users appear to work, but effect sizes are small and retention is low. Existing PA programs may not fully implement some psychosocial factors that are strongly linked with PA (eg, autonomy). The use of peers and mobile phone technology in the Smartphone Peer PA Counseling (SPPAC) program represents a novel approach to cultivating a PA-supportive environment for manual wheelchair users...
April 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445580/the-influence-of-social-support-and-coping-on-quality-of-life-among-elderly-with-age-related-hearing-loss
#2
Sarah Moser, Wolfgang Luxenberger, Wolfgang Freidl
Purpose: The consequences of hearing loss hinder the everyday life of older adults and are associated with reduced well-being. The research aim was to explore the influence of hearing problems, various coping strategies, and perceived social support on quality of life. Method: Sixty-five older adults with age-related hearing loss (≥55 years) in Austria participated and completed a paper-pencil survey with standardized questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (Ventry and Weinstein, 1982), Assessment for Coping and Stress (Laireiter, 1997), short form of the Social Support Questionnaire (Fydrich, Sommer, Tydecks, & Brähler, 2009), and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-Brief Version (World Health Organization, 1996)...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439756/psychological-distress-among-methadone-maintenance-patients-in-vietnamese-mountainous-areas
#3
Long Hoang Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Canh Dinh Hoang, Hai Quan Le, Hung Van Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Tho Dinh Tran, Carl A Latkin, Thuc Minh Thi Vu
We conducted a cross-sectional study in Tuyen Quang Province, a mountainous province in northern Vietnam, to examine rates of psychological distress among 241 patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Using the Kessler psychological distress Scale, we found that approximately one-fourth (26.8%) of respondents suffered from mental health pathologies. Physical health problems, current drug use, and alcohol abuse were found to be associated with mental health problems among the participants. Our findings highlight the high prevalence of psychological distress among MMT patients in northern Vietnam, and the need to integrate mental and physical health care services, as well as behavioral health counseling, into currently existing MMT clinics in this region...
April 24, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423940/preoperative-risk-factors-for-complications-in-elective-ankle-and-hindfoot-reconstruction
#4
Ryan P Mulligan, Kevin J McCarthy, Benjamin J Grear, David R Richardson, Susan N Ishikawa, G Andrew Murphy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine medical, social, and psychological factors associated with complications and reoperation after foot and ankle reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of 132 patients (135 feet; 139 operative cases) who had elective foot and ankle reconstruction. Medical, social, and psychological variables were documented. Primary outcomes included complications and reoperations. RESULTS: The overall complication rate was 28% (39/139), and the reoperation rate was 17% (24/139)...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419661/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-stabilises-glycaemic-control-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-outcomes-from-a-randomised-control-trial
#5
Christina Wei, Ruth J Allen, Patricia M Tallis, Fiona J Ryan, Linda P Hunt, Julian Ph Shield, Elizabeth C Crowne
BACKGROUND: To compare the impact of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with non-directive supportive counselling (NDC) on glycaemic control and psychological well-being in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants aged 11 to 16 years with T1DM (duration ≥1 year) from 4 UK-based paediatric diabetes centres were randomised to receive either 6 weekly sessions of 1-to-1 CBT (n = 43) or NDC (n = 42), with 2 further sessions at 6 and 12 months...
April 17, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418835/costs-and-effectiveness-of-treating-homeless-persons-with-cocaine-addiction-with-alternative-contingency-management-strategies
#6
Stephen T Mennemeyer, Joseph E Schumacher, Jesse B Milby, Dennis Wallace
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2006 in Birmingham, Alabama USA, 4 separate randomized controlled studies, called "Homeless 1" through "Homeless 4", treated cocaine substance abuse among chronically homeless adults, largely black men, many with non-psychotic mental health problems. The 4 studies had 9 treatment arms that used various counseling methods plus, in some arms, the provision of housing and work therapy usually with a contingent requirement of urine-test verified abstinence from substances...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417336/treatment-of-depression-in-adults-with-fabry-disease
#7
Nadia Ali, Scott Gillespie, Dawn Laney
Fabry disease (FD) is a genetic X-linked, multisystemic, progressive lysosomal storage disorder (LSD). Depression has emerged as a disease complication, with prevalence estimates ranging from 15 to 62%. This is a pilot study examining the effects of psychological counseling for depression in FD on depression, adaptive functioning (AF), quality of life (QOL), and subjective pain experience. Telecounseling was also piloted, as it has beneficial effects in other chronic diseases which make in-person counseling problematic...
April 18, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413688/presentation-and-care-of-a-family-with-huntington-disease-in-a-resource-limited-community
#8
Jarmal Charles, Lindyann Lessey, Jennifer Rooney, Ingmar Prokop, Katherine Yearwood, Hazel Da Breo, Patrick Rooney, Ruth H Walker, Andrew K Sobering
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries patients with Huntington disease (HD) typically present to healthcare providers after developing involuntary movements, or for pre-symptomatic genetic testing if at familial risk. A positive family history is a major guide when considering the decision to perform genetic testing for HD, both in affected and unaffected patients. Management of HD is focused upon control of symptoms, whether motor, cognitive, or psychiatric. There is no clear evidence to date of any disease-modifying agents...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412780/how-can-we-effectively-address-the-medical-and-psychological-concerns-of-survivors-of-pelvic-malignancies
#9
REVIEW
Ramiro Jose Madden-Fuentes, Bridget F Koontz, Michael R Harrison, Daniel J George, Brittany Davidson, Brian F Gilmore, Judd W Moul, Christopher Mantyh, Andrew C Peterson
Sexual and urinary morbidities resulting from treatment of pelvic malignancies are common. These treatment sequelae are significantly bothersome to patients and challenging to address. Awareness of these complications is critical in order to properly counsel patients regarding potential side effects and to facilitate prompt diagnosis and management. Addressing these issues often necessitates a coordinated multidisciplinary approach; however, the effort required often translates into improvement in patient quality of life...
April 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399928/australian-children-living-with-rare-diseases-experiences-of-diagnosis-and-perceived-consequences-of-diagnostic-delays
#10
Yvonne Zurynski, Marie Deverell, Troy Dalkeith, Sandra Johnson, John Christodoulou, Helen Leonard, Elizabeth J Elliott
BACKGROUND: Children and families living with rare disease often experience significant health, psychosocial, economic burdens and diagnostic delays. Experiences appear to be constant, regardless of the specific rare disease diagnosis. Systematically collected Australian data to support policy response on rare diseases are scarce. We address this gap by providing survey results about 462 children aged <19 years living with approximately 200 different rare diseases. RESULTS: Of 462 children, 96% were born in Australia, 55% were male, median age was 8...
April 11, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398847/traceback-a-proposed-framework-to-increase-identification-and-genetic-counseling-of-brca1-and-brca2-mutation-carriers-through-family-based-outreach
#11
Goli Samimi, Marcus Q Bernardini, Lawrence C Brody, Charlisse F Caga-Anan, Ian G Campbell, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Fergus J Couch, Michael Dean, Joanne A de Hullu, Susan M Domchek, Ronny Drapkin, Heather Spencer Feigelson, Michael Friedlander, Mia M Gaudet, Marline G Harmsen, Karen Hurley, Paul A James, Janice S Kwon, Felicitas Lacbawan, Stephanie Lheureux, Phuong L Mai, Leah E Mechanic, Lori M Minasian, Evan R Myers, Mark E Robson, Susan J Ramus, Lisa F Rezende, Patricia A Shaw, Thomas P Slavin, Elizabeth M Swisher, Masataka Takenaka, David D Bowtell, Mark E Sherman
In May 2016, the Division of Cancer Prevention and the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, convened a workshop to discuss a conceptual framework for identifying and genetically testing previously diagnosed but unreferred patients with ovarian cancer and other unrecognized BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers to improve the detection of families at risk for breast or ovarian cancer. The concept, designated Traceback, was prompted by the recognition that although BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are frequent in women with ovarian cancer, many such women have not been tested, especially if their diagnosis predated changes in testing guidelines...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397153/meldna-score-is-associated-with-psychopathology-and-reduced-quality-of-life-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-a-liver-transplant-perspective
#12
Gabriele Cavaggioni, Edoardo Poli, Flaminia Ferri, Lucia Parlati, Valentina Monaco, Claudia Melcore, Barbara Lattanzi, Manuela Merli, Gianluca Mennini, Fabio Melandro, Massimo Rossi, Stefano Ginanni Corradini
Psychopathological symptoms and reduced health related quality of life (HRQoL) are frequent in cirrhotics, but no data on their association with cirrhosis prognosis assessed by the MELDNa score are available. Prospective data on the long-term effect of deceased donor liver transplantation (LT) on psychopathological symptoms are needed. Before entering the LT waiting list, 44 consecutive LT cirrhotic candidates without a major psychiatric disorder underwent a psychopathological assessment, including Symptom Checklist-90-revised (SCL-90-R) and Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ)...
April 11, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397017/influence-of-an-interdisciplinary-re-employment-programme-among-unemployed-persons-with-mental-health-problems-on-health-social-participation-and-paid-employment
#13
Bouwine E Carlier, Merel Schuring, Alex Burdorf
Purpose To evaluate the influence of an interdisciplinary re-employment programme on labour force participation and perceived health among unemployed persons with common mental health problems. In addition, the influence of entering paid employment on self-rated physical health and mental health was investigated. Methods In this quasi-experimental study with 2 years follow up, 869 persons were enrolled after referral to an interdisciplinary re-employment programme (n = 380) or regular re-employment programme (n = 489)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396305/a-mixed-methods-study-using-a-nonclinical-sample-to-measure-feasibility-of-ostrich-community-a-web-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-program-for-individuals-with-debt-and-associated-stress
#14
Dawn Smail, Sarah Elison, Linda Dubrow-Marshall, Catherine Thompson
BACKGROUND: There are increasing concerns about the health and well-being of individuals facing financial troubles. For instance, in the United Kingdom, the relationship between debt and mental health difficulties is becoming more evident due to the economic downturn and welfare reform. Access to debt counseling services is limited and individuals may be reluctant to access services due to stigma. In addition, most of these services may not be appropriately resourced to address the psychological impact of debt...
April 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393344/-workplace-stress-counseling-for-nurses-a-community-counseling-model
#15
Jen-Hsiang Lin, Shiuan-Tzu Hsiao
Nurses play an integral role in providing medical services, with the quality of nursing care related closely to the level of success that these services achieve. Nursing is a high-stress occupation with a relatively high risk of work burnout, which has been associated with reduced workplace satisfaction, increased turnover, and reduced patient safety. In recent years, the high level of work-related stress in nursing has been an important issue for the government, academia, and industry. Although various plans and policies have been developed to improve the nursing environment in order to reduce stress, these have focused only on the general nursing-practice environment without substantive consideration of the impact of psychological, social, and cultural factors on nursing work stress...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391730/impact-of-different-educational-interventions-on-psychosocial-well-being-of-women-with-a-positive-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-and-normal-cervical-cytology-a-randomised-trial
#16
Siew Fei Ngu, Na Wei, Tracy T C Kwan, Mandy M Y Chu, Ka Yu Tse, Karen K L Chan, Hextan Y S Ngan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two educational interventions on the psychosocial well-being of Hong Kong Chinese women who have a positive high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) test and normal cervical cytology. METHODS: Participants were randomised into either leaflet group, in which a written HPV factsheet was provided; or counselling group, in which a didactic HPV presentation in person in addition to the factsheet was provided...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375722/the-link-between-mental-illness-and-firearm-violence-implications-for-social-policy-and-clinical-practice
#17
John S Rozel, Edward P Mulvey
The United States has substantially higher levels of firearm violence than most other developed countries. Firearm violence is a significant and preventable public health crisis. Mental illness is a weak risk factor for violence despite popular misconceptions reflected in the media and policy. That said, mental health professionals play a critical role in assessing their patients for violence risk, counseling about firearm safety, and guiding the creation of rational and evidence-based public policy that can be effective in mitigating violence risk without unnecessarily stigmatizing people with mental illness...
March 30, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375093/research-on-the-influence-factors-of-the-fall-efficiency-of-the-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-with-cerebrovascular-diseases
#18
Weili Li, Ruilian Cheng
To investigate the fall efficiency and its influence factors of the hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The Modified Fall Efficacy Scale (MFES), Morse Fall Risk Assessment Scales (MFS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Tinetti Gait Analysis (TGA) were adopted and the combined ways of questionnaires and observation were utilized to investigate the 113 hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The fall efficiency of the geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases were 7...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368273/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-evaluation-and-management-of-learning-disability
#19
M K C Nair, Chhaya Prasad, Jeeson Unni, Anjan Bhattacharya, S S Kamath, Samir Dalwai
JUSTIFICATION: Learning Disability (LD) in children is a well-recognized developmental disorder, which has profound academic and psychosocial consequences. Due to the complex nature of LD and multiple disadvantages posed to the child due to LD, a multidisciplinary approach towards intervention is warranted. Given the paucity of evidence-based standardized treatment approaches, consensus guidelines for management of LD are needed. PROCESS: The meeting on formulation of national consensus guidelines on neurodevelopmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365957/psychological-effects-of-concurrent-cytology-and-colposcopy-testing-in-women-referred-to-cancer-counseling-outpatient-clinic-in-belgrade
#20
Ljiljana Markovic-Denic, Svetlana Popovac, Olivera Djuric, Zivko Perisic, Snezana Rakic
PURPOSE: To investigate the psychological effects of PAP smear and colposcopy performed simultaneously and receipt of abnormal tests' results on women's well-being and quality of life (QoL) using different relative questionnaires. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 324 women with abnormal PAP smear result obtained at the primary care centers, requiring repeat smear test and colposcopy in our hospital. Questionnaires regarding the patient demographic characteristics, 7-point Likert scales which indicate concern about the smear and colposcopy results and risk of developing cervical cancer, Bek Anxiety Inventory (BAI), European QoL questionnaire - Euro QoL (EQ-5D) and visual analogue scale (EQ VAS) were used...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
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