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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330994/pattern-of-causative-micro-organisms-in-catheter-related-blood-stream-infections-in-dialysis-patients-experience-from-saudi-arabia
#1
Bilal Mohsin
BACKGROUND: Catheter related blood stream infections (CRBSI) are the leading cause of morbidity in HD patients. The majority of these infections relate to haemodialysis catheters. There is a paucity of local data on microbial agents responsible for CRBSI in our region. This prompted our study. METHODS: This Prospective observatory survey was conducted in Department of Nephrology, King Fahd Hospital, Hofuf KSA from Nov 2014 to Jan 2017 (26 months). It was performed on dialysis patients with HD catheters who developed features of CRBSI...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302149/epidemiological-trends-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-al-madinah-al-munawarah-province-western-region-of-saudi-arabia
#2
Miskelyemen Abdelatti Elmekki, Mogahid M Elhassan, Hani A Ozbak, Ilham T Qattan, Satti M Saleh, Ali H Alharbi
Objective: To investigate the epidemiological trends of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, western region of KSA. Materials and Methods: Four hundred and sixty-seven parasitologically confirmed CL cases attending Al-Meeqat Hospital, Al-Madinah, during 2012-2015, were included in this study. Results: Both Saudi and non-Saudi nationals were infected, with the highest infection rate being among Saudis (68.7%). Males were more affected than females as 86...
October 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298777/prevalence-of-keratoconus-in-paediatric-patients-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#3
Emilio Almeida Torres Netto, Wafa Majed Al-Otaibi, Nikki L Hafezi, Sabine Kling, Haya M Al-Farhan, J Bradley Randleman, Farhad Hafezi
BACKGROUND/AIM: Keratoconus (KC) is a ectatic corneal disorder with marked progression during childhood and puberty that may lead to severe visual loss. In addition to KC prevalence, estimate shows major geographical variations; recent studies using Scheimpflug technology are in contrast to the 1980s and 1990s literature. The present study aims to determine the prevalence of KC in paediatric patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional, observational, multicentre study collected data from paediatric patients from 6 years and 21 years of age who were seen at multiple non-ophthalmic emergency departments within KSA...
January 3, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249235/kidney-stone-composition-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia%C3%A2
#4
Abdulrazack Amir, Brian R Matlaga, Justin B Ziemba, Salwa Sheikh
INTRODUCTION: Urolithiasis is a globally-distributed disease; however, its prevalence varies across countries and regions. Countries in the Middle East have been reported to have particularly high nephrolithiasis prevalence rates. To date, however, we have an incomplete understanding of the composition of stones seen in this region. Therefore, we performed a study to characterize stone composition over a 14-year period in the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all adult patients who had the composition of their upper urinary tract calculi analyzed at Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare (JHAH) between 1999 and 2013 was performed...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238484/pattern-and-factors-associated-with-cardiovascular-diseases-among-patients-attending-the-cardiac-center-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia
#5
Fatimah Fahad Altaleb, Othman Mashfi Alshammari, Hala Mohammed Alanazi, Dina Anwar Aljaber, Arwa Bader Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Nesreen Ali Mohammed, Hadil Anwar Aljaber
Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are among the main causes of premature death and hospital admission worldwide, constituting a great economic burden on health care systems. Additionally, thyroid diseases may exert a deleterious effect on the outcomes of CVD patients. Aim: This study was conducted to identify the pattern and factors associated with CVD distribution and the relation with thyroid dysfunction in the study population. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 181 participants in the cardiac center in Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), from September 2016 to March 2017...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205185/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-primary-health-care-physicians-toward-colorectal-cancer-screening
#6
Mahmoud Mosli, Yaser Alnahdi, Abdusalam Alghamdi, Mohammad Baabdullah, Afnan Hadadi, Khaleel Khateery, Ibrahim Alsulami, Abdulaziz AlHoqail, Majid Almadi, Hani Jawa, Emad Aljahdli, Salem Bazarah, Yousif Qari
BACKGROUND/AIM: Early diagnosis of chronic illnesses and cancers mainly occurs at primary health care centers (PHCs) by primary health care physicians (PHPs). The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is rising and this has been attributed to many factors. The increasing incidence of CRC is compounded by nonadherence to screening recommendations. Therefore, evaluating PHPs knowledge, attitudes, and practices of screening for CRC is clinically important...
November 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204072/comparative-nutritional-value-and-antimicrobial-activities-between-three-euphorbia-species-growing-in-saudi-arabia
#7
Amani S Awaad, Monerah R Alothman, Yara M Zain, Ghada M Zain, Saleh I Alqasoumi, Dina A Hassan
Plants are excellent sources of nutrition and highly bioactive substances that might use in the development of new drugs and pharmaceutical agents. Three species of the Genus Euphorbia (Family Euphorpiaceae), namely; Euphorbia granulata Forssk, Euphorbia helioscobia L., and Euphorbia hirta Linn growing in Ryiadh, KSA were air-dried, powdered, and their active materials were extracted with alcohol. The nutritional value phytochemical constituents and antimicrobial activity of the plants were determined. The chemical contents were similar in the three species; however, lipid profile of the plants showed that the stearic acid and lignoceric acid were detected only in E...
December 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158767/screening-of-shox-gene-sequence-variants-in-saudi-arabian-children-with-idiopathic-short-stature
#8
Abdulla A Alharthi, Ehab I El-Hallous, Iman M Talaat, Hamed A Alghamdi, Matar I Almalki, Ahmed Gaber
Purpose: Short stature affects approximately 2%-3% of children, representing one of the most frequent disorders for which clinical attention is sought during childhood. Despite assumed genetic heterogeneity, mutations or deletions in the short stature homeobox-containing gene (SHOX) are frequently detected in subjects with short stature. Idiopathic short stature (ISS) refers to patients with short stature for various unknown reasons. The goal of this study was to screen all the exons of SHOX to identify related mutations...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153646/waste-to-biodiesel-a-preliminary-assessment-for-saudi-arabia
#9
M Rehan, J Gardy, A Demirbas, U Rashid, W M Budzianowski, Deepak Pant, A S Nizami
This study presents a preliminary assessment of biodiesel production from waste sources available in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) for energy generation and solution for waste disposal issues. A case study was developed under three different scenarios: (S1) KSA population only in 2017, (S2) KSA population and pilgrims in 2017, and (S3) KSA population and pilgrims by 2030 using the fat fraction of the municipal solid waste. It was estimated that S1, S2, and S3 scenarios could produce around 1.08, 1.10 and 1...
November 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142403/flavonoidal-constituents-antioxidant-antimicrobial-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-dipterygium-glaucum-grown-in-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#10
Usama Shaheen, Nagwa Abdelkader Shoeib, Abeer Temraz, Mohamed I S Abdelhady
Background: Dipterygium glaucum Decne. herb is one of the common traditional plants with multiple medicinal uses. Objective: To isolate the major constituents and to investigate the antioxidant, antimicrobial, and cytotoxic activities of this herb. Materials and Methods: Methanolic extract of D. glaucum herb was fractionated using n-hexane, dichloromethane, and n-butanol. Butanol fraction was chromatographed using column chromatography and preparative thin layer chromatography to isolate the major constituents...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121790/knowledge-skills-and-attitudes-regarding-the-use-of-medical-cannabis-in-the-hospice-population-an-educational-intervention
#11
Kelly S Mendoza, Mary Lynn McPherson
BACKGROUND: Currently, 28 states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis for medical use despite its remaining Schedule I federally. Benefits of medical cannabis (MC) have been demonstrated in nausea/vomiting associated with chemotherapy, cachexia associated with HIV/AIDS, and certain types of neuropathic pain. However, it is unclear how comfortable hospice providers are with the concept of MC. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine changes in knowledge, self-perceived skills, and attitudes (KSA) of hospice providers regarding MC after an online educational intervention...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073172/perceptions-of-gender-equality-work-environment-support-and-social-issues-for-women-doctors-at-a-university-hospital-in-riyadh-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#12
Shehla Baqi, Amal Albalbeesi, Sundus Iftikhar, Naila Baig-Ansari, Mohammad Alanazi, Awadh Alanazi
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is an Islamic monarchy and was established in 1932. Saudi women first entered the medical field in 1975 and the country has since seen a steady increase in women pursuing medicine. However, there is limited data on gender related issues for women doctors practicing in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, our study objective was to assess the perception amongst peers regarding gender equality and social issues faced by women doctors in Saudi Arabia. An online anonymous cross-sectional survey was administered in English to doctors at King Khalid Hospital, affiliated to King Saud University, in Riyadh, between April and May of 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072404/knowledge-and-perceptions-of-common-breast-cancer-risk-factors-in-northern-saudi-arabia
#13
Ali Ghannam Alrashidi, Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed, Kalaf Jaze Kalaf Alshammeri, Sami Awejan Alrashedi, Bassam Ahmed ALmutlaq, Fayez Nashi Motlaq Alshammari, Abdulaziz Abdulrahman Hamad Alshudayyid, Abdulrahman Ayed Jazza Alshammari, Fahad Mohammed Samran Anazi, Wasmiah Marzouq Alshammari, Hamdan Sulaiman Ayed Alshammari, Eid Fahad Habeeb Alshammari
Background: Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women around the world. The degree of adoption of a preventive lifestyle offers valuable information for planning appropriate intervention programs for improving women’s health. The objective of the present study was to assess the levels of breast cancer related knowledge among a Northern Saudi population. Methodology: In this cross sectional study, data were obtained from 566 Saudi volunteers living in the city of Hail, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...
October 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061208/retrospective-epidemiological-cluster-analysis-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-epidemic-using-open-source-data
#14
N D Darling, D E Poss, M P Schoelen, M Metcalf-Kelly, S E Hill, S Harris
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is caused by a novel coronavirus discovered in 2012. Since then, 1806 cases, including 564 deaths, have been reported by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and affected countries as of 1 June 2016. Previous literature attributed increases in MERS-CoV transmission to camel breeding season as camels are likely the reservoir for the virus. However, this literature review and subsequent analysis indicate a lack of seasonality. A retrospective, epidemiological cluster analysis was conducted to investigate increases in MERS-CoV transmission and reports of household and nosocomial clusters...
October 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058577/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-pediatricians-on-infantile-colic-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-region
#15
Flavia Indrio, Mohamad Miqdady, Fahd Al Aql, Joseph Haddad, Berkouk Karima, Katayoun Khatami, Nehza Mouane, Aiman Rahmani, Sulaiman Alsaad, Mohamed Salah, Gamal Samy, Silvio Tafuri
BACKGROUND: Regional evidence-based guidelines for the prophylaxis and management of infantile colic are not available for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The Allied Against Infantile Functional GI Disorders (ACT) Working Group was created in January, 2015 to determine the knowledge gaps and the current management practices of infantile colic by physicians in the MENA region. The ACT group determined the need for a survey to address these questions. The objectives of the survey were to highlight current clinical practices on the management of infantile colic and to raise awareness on colic severity in the MENA region...
October 23, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038723/survey-of-awareness-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-the-arar-population-northern-border-region-of-saudi-arabia
#16
Aseel Menwer Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Hanan Khalid Alotaibi, Khalid Ayed Alanazi, Banan Khalid Alotaibi, Sultan Majed Alshammari, Saud Rteamy Alanazi, Meshari Dalaf Alhazmi, Yousef Talal Alshammari, Zaid Qati Alshammari
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the most widely prevalent diseases in Saudi Arabia. Health education is considered an essential component to improve knowledge and change behavior. People affected by diabetes often have inadequate knowledge about the nature of diabetes, its risk factors and associated complication. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the awareness of the Arar population with various aspects of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Arar city, the capital of the Northern Province of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038714/ear-diseases-and-factors-associated-with-ear-infections-among-the-elderly-attending-hospital-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia
#17
Naif Gharbi Alenezi, Abdulmajeed Ahmed Alenazi, Yahia Abdelgawad Elsayed Elboraei, Abdulrhman Ahmed Alenazi, Tariq Hulayyil Alanazi, Anwar Khalid Alruwaili, Abdulrahman Sulaiman Alanazi, Bader Khalid Alruwaili, Abdulelah Farhan Alanazi
BACKGROUND: Changes in the anatomical structures and function of the ear can result in ear diseases, and may affect all age groups including the elderly as a result of aging. OBJECTIVE: To identify the frequency and types of ear diseases among the elderly attending Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz bin Musa'ed Al Saud hospital, Arar city, in the Northern Province of KSA, and factors associated with ear infections among them. METHODS: This cross-sectional hospital based study conducted from December 2016 through May 2017 included 138 elderly participants...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037887/depression-and-related-risk-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-jazan-area-ksa-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Osama B Albasheer, Mohammed S Mahfouz, Yahia Solan, Duaa A Khan, Mohammed A Muqri, Haneen A Almutairi, Ali M Alelyani, Hussain A Alahmed
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of depression and related risk factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (T2DM) in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. METHOD: A cross sectional, self-administered questionnaire study was conducted among T2DM patients in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. A total of 385 patients were selected at randomly. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was utilized to measure symptoms and signs of depression. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of depression among T2DM patients was 37...
September 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988396/performance-assessment-framework-for-groundwater-treatment-plants-in-arid-environments-a-case-of-buraydah-saudi-arabia
#19
Husnain Haider
In arid environmental regions, such as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), each and every drop of groundwater needs to be efficiently utilized to meet growing water demands. Ground water treatment plants (WTPs) are regularly being monitored by the municipalities to ensure safe water supply. However, analyzing large data to assess the performance of a WTP has always been a daunting task for plant's management. Most of existing performance assessment frameworks were developed for surface WTPs. In this research, an assessment framework using performance-based water quality indices (P WQI) is developed to facilitate senior management of ground WTPs for effective decision-making...
October 7, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988085/aging-effects-on-chemical-transformation-and-metal-loid-removal-by-entrapped-nanoscale-zero-valent-iron-for-hydraulic-fracturing-wastewater-treatment
#20
Yuqing Sun, Cheng Lei, Eakalak Khan, Season S Chen, Daniel C W Tsang, Yong Sik Ok, Daohui Lin, Yujie Feng, Xiang-Dong Li
In this study, alginate and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-alginate entrapped nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) was tested for structural evolution, chemical transformation, and metals/metalloids removal (Cu(II), Cr(VI), Zn(II), and As(V)) after 1-2month passivation in model saline wastewaters from hydraulic fracturing. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed successful prevention of Fe(0) corrosion by polymeric entrapment. Increasing ionic strength (I) from 0 to 4.10M (deionized water to Day-90 fracturing wastewater (FWW)) with prolonged aging time induced chemical instability of alginate due to dissociation of carboxyl groups and competition for hydrogen bonding with nZVI, which caused high Na (7...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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