keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ksa

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142403/flavonoidal-constituents-antioxidant-antimicrobial-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-dipterygium-glaucum-grown-in-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#1
Usama Shaheen, Nagwa Abdelkader Shoeib, Abeer Temraz, Mohamed I S Abdelhady
Background: Dipterygium glaucum Decne. herb is one of the common traditional plants with multiple medicinal uses. Objective: To isolate the major constituents and to investigate the antioxidant, antimicrobial, and cytotoxic activities of this herb. Materials and Methods: Methanolic extract of D. glaucum herb was fractionated using n-hexane, dichloromethane, and n-butanol. Butanol fraction was chromatographed using column chromatography and preparative thin layer chromatography to isolate the major constituents...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121790/knowledge-skills-and-attitudes-regarding-the-use-of-medical-cannabis-in-the-hospice-population-an-educational-intervention
#2
Kelly S Mendoza, Mary Lynn McPherson
BACKGROUND: Currently, 28 states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis for medical use despite its remaining Schedule I federally. Benefits of medical cannabis (MC) have been demonstrated in nausea/vomiting associated with chemotherapy, cachexia associated with HIV/AIDS, and certain types of neuropathic pain. However, it is unclear how comfortable hospice providers are with the concept of MC. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine changes in knowledge, self-perceived skills, and attitudes (KSA) of hospice providers regarding MC after an online educational intervention...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073172/perceptions-of-gender-equality-work-environment-support-and-social-issues-for-women-doctors-at-a-university-hospital-in-riyadh-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#3
Shehla Baqi, Amal Albalbeesi, Sundus Iftikhar, Naila Baig-Ansari, Mohammad Alanazi, Awadh Alanazi
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is an Islamic monarchy and was established in 1932. Saudi women first entered the medical field in 1975 and the country has since seen a steady increase in women pursuing medicine. However, there is limited data on gender related issues for women doctors practicing in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, our study objective was to assess the perception amongst peers regarding gender equality and social issues faced by women doctors in Saudi Arabia. An online anonymous cross-sectional survey was administered in English to doctors at King Khalid Hospital, affiliated to King Saud University, in Riyadh, between April and May of 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072404/knowledge-and-perceptions-of-common-breast-cancer-risk-factors-in-northern-saudi-arabia
#4
Ali Ghannam Alrashidi, Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed, Kalaf Jaze Kalaf Alshammeri, Sami Awejan Alrashedi, Bassam Ahmed ALmutlaq, Fayez Nashi Motlaq Alshammari, Abdulaziz Abdulrahman Hamad Alshudayyid, Abdulrahman Ayed Jazza Alshammari, Fahad Mohammed Samran Anazi, Wasmiah Marzouq Alshammari, Hamdan Sulaiman Ayed Alshammari, Eid Fahad Habeeb Alshammari
Background: Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women around the world. The degree of adoption of a preventive lifestyle offers valuable information for planning appropriate intervention programs for improving women’s health. The objective of the present study was to assess the levels of breast cancer related knowledge among a Northern Saudi population. Methodology: In this cross sectional study, data were obtained from 566 Saudi volunteers living in the city of Hail, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...
October 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061208/retrospective-epidemiological-cluster-analysis-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-epidemic-using-open-source-data
#5
N D Darling, D E Poss, M P Schoelen, M Metcalf-Kelly, S E Hill, S Harris
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is caused by a novel coronavirus discovered in 2012. Since then, 1806 cases, including 564 deaths, have been reported by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and affected countries as of 1 June 2016. Previous literature attributed increases in MERS-CoV transmission to camel breeding season as camels are likely the reservoir for the virus. However, this literature review and subsequent analysis indicate a lack of seasonality. A retrospective, epidemiological cluster analysis was conducted to investigate increases in MERS-CoV transmission and reports of household and nosocomial clusters...
October 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058577/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-pediatricians-on-infantile-colic-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-region
#6
Flavia Indrio, Mohamad Miqdady, Fahd Al Aql, Joseph Haddad, Berkouk Karima, Katayoun Khatami, Nehza Mouane, Aiman Rahmani, Sulaiman Alsaad, Mohamed Salah, Gamal Samy, Silvio Tafuri
BACKGROUND: Regional evidence-based guidelines for the prophylaxis and management of infantile colic are not available for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The Allied Against Infantile Functional GI Disorders (ACT) Working Group was created in January, 2015 to determine the knowledge gaps and the current management practices of infantile colic by physicians in the MENA region. The ACT group determined the need for a survey to address these questions. The objectives of the survey were to highlight current clinical practices on the management of infantile colic and to raise awareness on colic severity in the MENA region...
October 23, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038723/survey-of-awareness-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-the-arar-population-northern-border-region-of-saudi-arabia
#7
Aseel Menwer Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Hanan Khalid Alotaibi, Khalid Ayed Alanazi, Banan Khalid Alotaibi, Sultan Majed Alshammari, Saud Rteamy Alanazi, Meshari Dalaf Alhazmi, Yousef Talal Alshammari, Zaid Qati Alshammari
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the most widely prevalent diseases in Saudi Arabia. Health education is considered an essential component to improve knowledge and change behavior. People affected by diabetes often have inadequate knowledge about the nature of diabetes, its risk factors and associated complication. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the awareness of the Arar population with various aspects of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Arar city, the capital of the Northern Province of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038714/ear-diseases-and-factors-associated-with-ear-infections-among-the-elderly-attending-hospital-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia
#8
Naif Gharbi Alenezi, Abdulmajeed Ahmed Alenazi, Yahia Abdelgawad Elsayed Elboraei, Abdulrhman Ahmed Alenazi, Tariq Hulayyil Alanazi, Anwar Khalid Alruwaili, Abdulrahman Sulaiman Alanazi, Bader Khalid Alruwaili, Abdulelah Farhan Alanazi
BACKGROUND: Changes in the anatomical structures and function of the ear can result in ear diseases, and may affect all age groups including the elderly as a result of aging. OBJECTIVE: To identify the frequency and types of ear diseases among the elderly attending Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz bin Musa'ed Al Saud hospital, Arar city, in the Northern Province of KSA, and factors associated with ear infections among them. METHODS: This cross-sectional hospital based study conducted from December 2016 through May 2017 included 138 elderly participants...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037887/depression-and-related-risk-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-jazan-area-ksa-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Osama B Albasheer, Mohammed S Mahfouz, Yahia Solan, Duaa A Khan, Mohammed A Muqri, Haneen A Almutairi, Ali M Alelyani, Hussain A Alahmed
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of depression and related risk factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (T2DM) in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. METHOD: A cross sectional, self-administered questionnaire study was conducted among T2DM patients in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. A total of 385 patients were selected at randomly. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was utilized to measure symptoms and signs of depression. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of depression among T2DM patients was 37...
September 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988396/performance-assessment-framework-for-groundwater-treatment-plants-in-arid-environments-a-case-of-buraydah-saudi-arabia
#10
Husnain Haider
In arid environmental regions, such as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), each and every drop of groundwater needs to be efficiently utilized to meet growing water demands. Ground water treatment plants (WTPs) are regularly being monitored by the municipalities to ensure safe water supply. However, analyzing large data to assess the performance of a WTP has always been a daunting task for plant's management. Most of existing performance assessment frameworks were developed for surface WTPs. In this research, an assessment framework using performance-based water quality indices (P WQI) is developed to facilitate senior management of ground WTPs for effective decision-making...
October 7, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988085/aging-effects-on-chemical-transformation-and-metal-loid-removal-by-entrapped-nanoscale-zero-valent-iron-for-hydraulic-fracturing-wastewater-treatment
#11
Yuqing Sun, Cheng Lei, Eakalak Khan, Season S Chen, Daniel C W Tsang, Yong Sik Ok, Daohui Lin, Yujie Feng, Xiang-Dong Li
In this study, alginate and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-alginate entrapped nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) was tested for structural evolution, chemical transformation, and metals/metalloids removal (Cu(II), Cr(VI), Zn(II), and As(V)) after 1-2month passivation in model saline wastewaters from hydraulic fracturing. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed successful prevention of Fe(0) corrosion by polymeric entrapment. Increasing ionic strength (I) from 0 to 4.10M (deionized water to Day-90 fracturing wastewater (FWW)) with prolonged aging time induced chemical instability of alginate due to dissociation of carboxyl groups and competition for hydrogen bonding with nZVI, which caused high Na (7...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985372/evaluation-of-the-activity-of-gamma-emitting-natural-radionuclides-in-seafood-and-estimation-of-the-annual-effective-dose-for-different-age-groups-in-ksa
#12
Dalal A Aloraini, Gharam A Alharshan, Aljawharah H Almuqrin, Hanan Al-Ghamdi, Khaled M El-Azony
Twenty-six brands of canned tuna and sardines imported from several countries in Southeast Asia to consume in the KSA. All samples were prepared and analyzed by using a High Pure Germanium Detector of 40% efficiency. Natural radionuclides 40K, 238U (226Ra) and 232Th(228Ra) series were observed with a varying range in all analyzed samples. The values found to be 192.3 ± 14.6, 1.5 ± 0.8 and 1.0 ± 0.6 Bq kg-1 for canned tuna and 219.8 ± 15.8, 0.37 ± 0.3 and 1.2 ± 0.3 Bq kg-1 for canned sardines, respectively...
July 14, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984446/mechanochemically-sulfidated-microscale-zero-valent-iron-pathways-kinetics-mechanism-and-efficiency-of-trichloroethylene-dechlorination
#13
Yawei Gu, Binbin Wang, Feng He, Miranda J Bradley, Paul G Tratnyek
In water treatment processes that involve contaminant reduction by zerovalent iron (ZVI), reduction of water to dihydrogen is a competing reaction that must be minimized to maximize the efficiency of electron utilization from the ZVI. Sulfidation has recently been shown to decrease H2 formation significantly, such that the overall electron efficiency of (or selectivity for) contaminant reduction can be greatly increased. To date, this work has focused on nanoscale ZVI (nZVI) and solution-phase sulfidation agents (e...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964313/the-risk-ratio-for-development-of-hereditary-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-consanguineous-marriage-offspring
#14
Hossam Sanyelbhaa, Abdelmagied Kabel, Heba Abd El-Rehem Abo El-Naga, Ahmed Sanyelbhaa, Hatem Salem
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to define the relative risk of development of hearing loss in offspring of consanguineous marriages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study conducted in a tertiary referral center in Jeddah, KSA. The study group included 1600 probands (848 males, 752 females), with age range 0.5-12 years (6.6 ± 3.6). The study group comprised of two equal, age and sex matched subgroups; Hearing Loss (HL) group and Normal Hearing (NH) group...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958834/high-reproduction-number-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-in-nosocomial-outbreaks-mathematical-modelling-in-saudi-arabia-and-south-korea
#15
Sunhwa Choi, Eunok Jung, Bo Youl Choi, Young Joo Hur, Moran Ki
BACKGROUND: Effective countermeasures against emerging infectious diseases require an understanding of transmission rate and basic reproduction number (R0). The R0 for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is generally considered to be >1, whereas that for Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is considered to be <1. However, this does not explain the large-scale outbreaks of MERS that occurred in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and South Korean hospitals. AIM: To estimate R0 in nosocomial outbrea ks of MERS...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944416/regulating-the-alky-chain-length-of-fatty-acid-didanosine-prodrugs-and-evaluating-its-role-in-albumin-binding
#16
Hongxiang Chen, Gang Wang, Lanzhen Sun, Huicong Zhang, Mengchi Sun, Jin Sun, Lei Shang, Cong Luo
Rational design of prodrugs for efficient albumin binding shows distinct advantages in drug delivery in terms of drug availability, systemic circulation, and potential targeting effect. And fatty acids are good candidates due to their high affinity to albumin. However, how the alkyl chain length of fatty acids affects the binding dynamics between prodrugs and albumin, despite its importance, is still unclear. In the present study, three prodrugs of didanosine (DDI) and fatty acids were designed and synthesized to evaluate the effect of the alkyl chain length on prodrug-albumin binding process, including capric acid-didanosine (CA-DDI), myristic acid-didanosine (MA-DDI), and stearic acid-didanosine (SA-DDI)...
September 24, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936152/prevalence-and-severity-of-dental-caries-among-public-school-students-aged-16-l8-in-hai-l-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#17
Mohammad Aljanakh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among school students aged 16-18 in Ha'il urban city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: This cross-sectional study randomly selected 480 students from eight secondary schools in Ha'il urban city from September to October 2015. Three calibrated examiners used the decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT), based on the World Health Organization criteria, to examine the students...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936143/assessment-of-readiness-of-academic-emergency-departments-in-the-central-region-of-saudi-arabia-to-receive-a-sick-child
#18
Fahad Saleh Alhajjaj, Abdullah Saleh Aldamigh
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the readiness of general emergency departments (EDs) in academic hospitals in the central region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) to manage pediatric patients using an international tool: The American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Emergency Physicians, and Emergency Nurses Association guidelines, which include facilities, personnel, safety, and other components. METHODS: We assessed eligible centers during multiple visits from January 2016 to May 2016 in which we inspected the EDs and conducted interviews with their respective leadership in which we independently recorded our observations...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932165/the-impact-of-outpatient-clinical-teaching-on-students-academic-performance-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#19
Bahaeldin A Hassan, Omer A Elfaki, Muhammed A Khan
INTRODUCTION: Clinical teaching at outpatient settings is an essential part of undergraduate medical students' training. The increasing number of students in many medical schools and short hospital stays makes inpatient teaching alone insufficient to provide students with the required clinical skills. To make up this shortfall, outpatient clinical teaching has been implemented by our Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Khalid University, KSA, throughout the academic year 2015-2016...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932160/family-medicine-practice-in-saudi-arabia-the-current-situation-and-proposed-strategic-directions-plan-2020
#20
Yahia M Al-Khaldi, Essam A Al-Ghamdi, Tariq I Al-Mogbil, Hesham I Al-Khashan
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the current situation of the teaching and training of undergraduate and postgraduate programs in family medicine in KSA, assess the current practice of family medicine, and draw a roadmap to achieve Saudi vision 2020. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted with the support and collaboration of the Primary Health Care Department of the Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia, and World Health Organization (EMRO) in November 2015...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
keyword
keyword
55975
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"