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Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Mourad Assidi, Ashraf Dallol, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Emad Al-Hamzi, Jerry W Shay, Stephen W Scherer, Ashok Agarwal, Bruce Budowle, Mamdooh Gari, Adeel Chaudhary, Adel Abuzenadah, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
The Third International Genomic Medicine Conference (3(rd) IGMC) was organised by the Centre of Excellence in Genomic Medicine Research (CEGMR) at the King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This conference is a continuation of a series of meetings, which began with the first International Genomic Medicine Conference (1(st) IGMC, 2011) followed by the second International Genomic Medicine Conference (2(nd) IGMC, 2013). The 3(rd) IGMC meeting presented as a timely opportunity to bring scientists from across the world to gather, discuss, and exchange recent advances in the field of genomics and genetics in general as well as practical information on using these new technologies in different basic and clinical applications...
October 17, 2016: BMC Genomics
Dileep K Rohra, Vikram K Rohra, Peter Cahusac
To compare the journal impact factor (JIF) and Eigenfactor score (ES) of Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)-indexed biomedical journals published from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) over the last 8 years. Methods: This is a retrospective study, conducted at Alfaisal University, Riyadh, KSA from January to March 2016. The Journal Citation Reports of ISI Web of Knowledge were accessed, and 6 Saudi biomedical journals were included for analysis. Results: All Saudi journals have improved their IF compared with their baseline...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Saud M Alfayez, Bandar N Aljafen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the epilepsy services and identify the challenges in hospitals without epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs). In addition, comparisons between governmental and private sectors, as well as between regions, are to be performed. METHODS: A cross sectional study conducted using an online questionnaire distributed to the secondary and tertiary hospitals without EMUs throughout the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The study was conducted from September 2013 to September 2015 and regular updates from all respondents were constantly made...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Ksa Anzil, J Mathews, A G Sai, M Kiran, S Kevin, S Sunith
INTRODUCTION: Fishing is an occupation associated with uneven diet, strain, drunkenness, tobacco use, and deleterious habits. The physical state of laborers on a large scale will also be influenced by conditions at their work site. Oral mucosal lesions can occur as a result of infections, local shock or infuriation, systemic diseases, and uncontrolled usage of tobacco, betel quid, and alcohol. The aim of the present study is to assess the prevalence of deleterious oral habits and oral mucosal lesions among fishermen population of Mahe, South India...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Nadeem Ali, Iqbal Mohammad Ibrahim Ismail, Mamdouh Khoder, Magdy Shamy, Mansour Alghamdi, Max Costa, Lulwa Naseer Ali, Wei Wang, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani
This study reports levels and profiles of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in dust samples collected from three different microenvironments (cars, air conditioner (AC) filters and household floor dust) of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (KSA) and Kuwait. To the best of our knowledge, this is first study reporting PAHs in indoor microenvironments of KSA, which makes these findings important. Benzo(b)fluoranthene (BbF), benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), phenanthrene (Phe), and pyrene (Pyr) were found to be the major chemicals in dust samples from all selected microenvironments...
September 24, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Turki Alanzi, Robert Istepanian, Nada Philip
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes in the Gulf States is one of the highest globally. It is estimated that 20% of the population in the region has been diagnosed with diabetes and according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), five of the IDF's "top 10" countries for diabetes prevalence in 2011 and projected for 2030 are in this region. In recent years, there have been an increasing number of clinical studies advocating the use of mobile phone technology for diabetes self-management with improved clinical outcomes...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Iman Almomani, Ahlam AlSarheed
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) gives great attention to improving the quality of services provided by health care sectors including outpatient clinics. One of the main drawbacks in outpatient clinics is long waiting time for patients-which affects the level of patient satisfaction and the quality of services. This article addresses this problem by studying the Outpatient Management Software (OMS) and proposing solutions to reduce waiting times. Many hospitals around the world apply solutions to overcome the problem of long waiting times in outpatient clinics such as hospitals in the USA, China, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Maha Almuneef, Dana Hollinshead, Hassan Saleheen, Sereen AlMadani, Bridget Derkash, Fadia AlBuhairan, Majid Al-Eissa, John Fluke
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine if ACEs impact the health and risk behavior burden among Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) adults. METHODS: In 2013, a cross-sectional study was conducted across KSA to identify the retrospective prevalence of ACEs and their association with high risk behaviors and chronic diseases. Surveys from 10,156 adults in all 13 Saudi regions were obtained using an Arabic version of the WHO ACE-IQ (KSA ACE-IQ). RESULTS: Compared to respondents reporting no ACEs, even just one ACE contributed significantly to the odds of experiencing diabetes mellitus (OR=1...
October 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Abdulellah Alaboudi, Anthony Atkins, Bernadette Sharp, Ahmed Balkhair, Mohammed Alzahrani, Tamara Sunbul
Despite emerging evidence about the benefits of telemedicine, there are still many barriers and challenges to its adoption. Its adoption is often cited as a failed project because 75% of them are abandoned or 'failed outright' and this percentage increases to 90% in developing countries. The literature has clarified that there is neither one-size-fit-all framework nor best-practice solution for all ICT innovations or for all countries. Barriers and challenges in adopting and implementing one ICT innovation in a given country/organisation may not be similar - not for the same ICT innovation in another country/organisation nor for another ICT innovation in the same country/organisation...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Rakan Mosa Algorinees, Ibrahim Ghazy Kiran Alreshidi, Mohammed Fahad Mohammed Alateeq, Abdullah Abdulaziz Salem Alghuraymi, Adel Ahmed Abdulrahman Alfayez, Fahad Khaled Fahad Almuzaini, Mohammed Abdulaziz Brahim Alsaif, Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a major public health issue in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) in recent years, particularly among adolescents. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cigarette smoking usage among adolescent students in the north of the country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated 305 adolescent students from the Northern KSA population, their ages ranging from 11 to 19 years old. RESULTS: Of the 287 respondents, 56/287(19...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Nesrin Al-Harthy, Kavita M Sudersanadas, Mohammed Al-Mutairi, Senthilvel Vasudevan, Ghada Bin Saleh, Malak Al-Mutairi, Lenna W Hussain
BACKGROUND: Discharge instructions are vital in postemergency patient care to help the caregiver understand the diagnosis and identify symptoms which require prompt readmission. In general, oral or written instructions are provided on discharge. However, there is a dearth of information on the efficacy of discharge instructions provided by physicians in KSA. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of discharge instructions for postpediatrics emergency visit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational cross-sectional survey conducted in the Department of Paediatric Emergency at King Abdul Aziz Medical City, Riyadh, KSA, included 173 literate adult caregivers who had given their consent...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Lauren M Gardner, Abrar A Chughtai, C Raina MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) emerged from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) in 2012 and has since spread to 26 countries. All cases reported so far have either been in the Middle East or linked to the region through passenger air travel, with the largest outbreak outside KSA occurring in South Korea. Further international spread is likely due to the high travel volumes of global travel, as well as the occurrence of large annual mass gathering such as the Haj and Umrah pilgrimages that take place in the region...
June 2016: Journal of Travel Medicine
Abiola Senok, Ali Somily, Adeola Raji, Darius Gawlik, Fatimah Al-Shahrani, Shehla Baqi, Samar Boswihi, Leila Skakni, Edet E Udo, Stefan Weber, Ralf Ehricht, Stefan Monecke
OBJECTIVES: CC22-MRSA-IV, UK-EMRSA-15/Barnim EMRSA, is a common and pandemic strain of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) that has been found mainly in Western Europe, but also in other parts of the world including some Gulf countries. One suspected case of an infection with this strain in a patient who was admitted to the surgical unit in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) was investigated in order to check whether this strain has reached KSA. METHODS: Besides the index isolate, 46 additional isolates of CC22-MRSA-IV from patients from KSA, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, and Germany (patients with a history of travel in the Middle East), were characterized by microarray hybridization...
August 28, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Meshari M Al-Harbi, Hassan A Al-Mogbel, Abdalla M Al-Amro, Abdulaziz A Al-Mofadhi, Ahmed F Al-Homaid, Salman H Al-Harbi, Sami A Al-Rosaini, Turki A Al-Suhaibani, Abdelmageed Imam
OBJECTIVES: To provide current data on the demography and diagnosis of patients encountered at the Internal Medicine Outpatient Department of Qassim University Polyclinics (QUP), Qassim, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).  METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study conducted at QUP, Qassim, KSA, during the period November 2014 and December 2015. The record files of the study patients who were sampled by convenience method, were reviewed and analyzed. A standardized questionnaire was designed by the authors to collect data from the patients' records...
September 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Riad A Sulimani, Ashry G Mohammed, Assim A Alfadda, Suliman N Alshehri, Abdulaziz M Al-Othman, Nasser M Al-Daghri, David A Hanley, Aliya A Khan
OBJECTIVES: To determine seasonal variations in the vitamin D status of Saudi adolescent girls in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and its effect in biochemical and clinical characteristics.  METHODS: In this prospective study, a total of 2000 Saudi females aged 12-18 years from different schools in Riyadh, KSA participated and submitted a generalized questionnaire with clinical information. Fasting blood samples were obtained in 1618 subjects for the winter season (December to February) and only 499 subjects returned to submit fasting blood samples for the summer season (June-August)...
September 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Mohamed I S Abdelhady, Usama Shaheen, Ammar Bader, Mahmoud A Youns
BACKGROUND: Sucrase enzyme inhibitor considered as an oral anti-diabetic therapy that delays the absorption of eaten carbohydrates, reducing the postprandial glucose and insulin peaks to reach normoglycemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chromatographic fractionation of the hydroalcoholic extract of leaves of Azadirachta indica growing in KSA, followed by in-vitro assay of sucrase enzyme inhibition activity. RESULTS: This investigation led to the isolation of a new remarkable sucrase enzyme inhibitor; 4'-methyl Quercetin-7-O-β-D-glucuronopyranoside (1) alongside with four known compounds; 2,3-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-(α/β)-D-(4)C1-glucopyranose (2), Avicularin (3), Castalagin (4) and Quercetin-3-O-glucoside (5)...
May 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
S Y Alomar, L Mansour, A Abuderman, A Alkhuriji, M Arafah, S Alwasel, A H Harrath, M Almutairi, P Trayhyrn, J A Dar
Several risk factors associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) have been identified including β-catenin/CTNNB1 hotspot mutations. The levels of β-catenin within a cell are regulated via phosphorylation of the N terminus of β-catenin by GSK-3β. Thus far three serines (S33, 37, 45) and one threonine (T41) are considered to be the substrates for GSK-3β phosphorylation. In the present investigation an attempt was made to study the role of β-catenin mutations in exon-3 in 60 colorectal cancer patients from Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...
June 2016: Polish Journal of Pathology: Official Journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
Abdulhalim Jamal Kinsara, Jamilah Saad Alrahimi, Oyindamola B Yusuf
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical features, management, and in-hospital outcomes of patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS), in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A total of 71 patients were enrolled in a longitudinal study at a tertiary hospital without cardiac catheterization facility. These data were collected from Saudi Project for Assessment of Coronary Events registry. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients with STEMI were compared to 48 patients with NSTEACS...
July 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Faezeh Eslamipour, Marzieh Ghaiour
AIM: Evidence-based dentistry (EBD) is an approach to oral health that requires the application and examination of relevant scientific data related to the patient's oral health and his priorities. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of dental students of Isfahan about EBD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive study, 168 dental students in 3 final years of their education who engaged in clinical practice by consensus sampling were recruited...
2016: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Abdulrahman A Aljumah, Faisal Abaalkhail, Hamad Al-Ashgar, Abdullah Assiri, Mohamed Babatin, Faleh Al Faleh, Abdullah Alghamdi, Raafat Al-Hakeem, Almoataz Hashim, Adel Alqutub, Homie Razavi, Faisal M Sanai, Khalid Al-Swat, Jonathan Schmelzer, Ibrahim Altraif
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Around 101,000 individuals are estimated to be viremic for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) in 2014; however, only about 20% have been diagnosed. We aim to assess baseline epidemiology, disease burden, and evaluate strategies to eliminate HCV in KSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The infected population and disease progression were modeled using age- and gender-defined cohorts to track HCV incidence, prevalence, hepatic complications, and mortality...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
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