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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775747/mediterranean-diet-and-depression-among-older-individuals-the-multinational-medis-study
#1
Maria F Masana, Josep Maria Haro, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Foteini Anastasiou, Akis Zeimbekis, Dimitra Tyrovola, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Anna Polystipioti, Josep-Antoni Tur, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Labros S Sidossis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: Depression has been linked to a large and growing economic and societal burden worldwide. In Europe, depression is one of the most frequent mental disorders across all age groups, but particularly in people aged 65 years and over, and higher depressive symptoms have been reported among individuals with chronic diseases (e.g., diabetes and heart disease). AIM: To evaluate the role of adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) in depression in a sample of older people living in the Mediterranean basin...
May 15, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775469/pioneer-farming-in-southeast-europe-during-the-early-sixth-millennium-bc-climate-related-adaptations-in-the-exploitation-of-plants-and-animals
#2
Maria Ivanova, Bea De Cupere, Jonathan Ethier, Elena Marinova
The Old World farming system arose in the semi-arid Mediterranean environments of southwest Asia. Pioneer farmers settling the interior of the Balkans by the early sixth millennium BC were among the first to introduce southwest Asian-style cultivation and herding into areas with increasingly continental temperate conditions. Previous research has shown that the bioarchaeological assemblages from early farming sites in southeast Europe vary in their proportions of plant and animal taxa, but the relationship between taxonomic variation and climate has remained poorly understood...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775082/profile-of-renal-aa-amyloidosis-in-older-and-younger-individuals-a-single-centre-experience
#3
Siyar Erdogmus, Zeynep Kendi Celebi, Serkan Akturk, Gizem Kumru, Neval Duman, Kenan Ates, Sehsuvar Erturk, Gokhan Nergizoglu, Sim Kutlay, Sule Sengul, Kenan Keven
OBJECTIVE: In epidemiological studies of amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis from Turkey, the most frequently cause was familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and it occurs generally in young age population. However, there are no sufficient data regarding aetiology, clinical presentation and prognosis of renal AA amyloidosis in advanced age patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate demographic, clinical presentation, aetiology and outcomes of adults aged 60 years or older patients with biopsy-proven renal AA amyloidosis...
May 18, 2018: Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773961/an-example-of-aerosol-pattern-variability-over-bright-surface-using-high-resolution-modis-maiac-the-eastern-and-western-areas-of-the-dead-sea-and-environs
#4
Sever Lee, Alpert Pinhas, Lyapustin Alexei, Wang Yujie, Chudnovsky A Alexandra
The extreme rate of evaporation of the Dead Sea (DS) has serious implicatios for the surrounding area, including atmospheric conditions. This study analyzes the aerosol properties over the western and eastern parts of the DS during the year 2013, using MAIAC (Multi-Angle Implementation of Atmospheric Correction) for MODIS, which retrieves aerosol optical depth (AOD) data at a resolution of 1km. The main goal of the study is to evaluate MAIAC over the study area and determine, for the first time, the prevailing aerosol spatial patterns...
September 2017: Atmospheric Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773275/periodic-fever-syndromes
#5
REVIEW
Helen J Lachmann
Periodic fever syndromes are autoinflammatory diseases. The majority present in infancy or childhood and are characterised by recurrent episodes of fever and systemic inflammation that occur in the absence of autoantibody production or identifiable infection. The best recognised disorders include CAPS, FMF, TRAPS and MKD. Understanding the molecular pathogenesis of these disorders provides unique insights into the regulation of innate immunity. Diagnosis relies on clinical acumen and is supported by genetic testing...
August 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773234/corrigendum-to-soil-organic-carbon-pool-s-contribution-to-climate-change-mitigation-on-marginal-land-of-a-mediterranean-montane-area-in-italy-j-environ-manag-218-2018-593-601
#6
Chiti Tommaso, Blasi Emanuele, Pellis Guido, Perugini Lucia, Chiriacò Maria Vincenza, Valentini Riccardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773132/leishmania-in-wolves-in-northern-spain-a-spreading-zoonosis-evidenced-by-wildlife-sanitary-surveillance
#7
Alvaro Oleaga, Stefania Zanet, Alberto Espí, Marcia Raquel Pegoraro de Macedo, Christian Gortázar, Ezio Ferroglio
Leishmaniosis is, to date, considered the second most important emerging vector-borne protozoal disease in the world after malaria. The form of zoonotic visceral leishmaniosis found in the Mediterranean basin is caused by Leishmania infantum, and its life cycle includes the domestic dog and a phlebotomine sandfly vector. This complex epidemiological cycle and its high prevalence of subclinical infection, hinder the surveillance and control of L. infantum, and allows it to go unnoticed at the geographical endemicity limits of the parasite or in recently colonized areas...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773081/long-term-familial-mediterranean-fever-remission-on-successful-hepatitis-c-virus-treatment-in-a-patient-not-responding-to-colchicine-a-case-report
#8
Manik Gemilyan, Gagik Hakobyan, Susanna Ananyan
BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean fever is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by periodic febrile attacks of aseptic serositis and/or arthritis. The main treatment is colchicine which prevents attacks in the majority of patients except for a group of colchicine-resistant cases. Chronic hepatitis C is a viral infection causing chronic inflammation of liver tissue (hepatitis) which ultimately progresses to fibrosis and liver cirrhosis with a high chance of hepatocellular carcinoma...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772838/statistical-analysis-of-bathing-water-quality-in-puglia-region-italy
#9
Daniela Malcangio, Claudio Donvito, Nicola Ungaro
Geostatistic analysis was applied to the dataset from multi-year monitoring, in the Apulian marine-coastal zone (Mediterranean Sea, Italy), on the presence and abundance of intestinal Enterococci and Escherichia coli , microbiological indicators of faecal contamination at the sea. The same faecal contamination can be considered as the main cause of pollution phenomenon under current Italian and European regulations for the bathing waters (Italian Government Decree 116/2008, European Directive 2006/7/CE). The main objective of the study is to verify, taking into the account the anthropic pressures acting on the coastal zone, the efficiency of the Apulian regional monitoring plan currently in force for the assessment of bathing waters quality, with a view to a hypothetical reduction of sample collection points...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771634/existence-and-functionality-of-national-immunisation-technical-advisory-groups-in-africa-from-2010-to-2016
#10
Alison Wiyeh, Evanson Sambala, Ntombehnle Ngcobo, Charles S Wiysonge
We describe the existence and functionality of National Immunisation Technical Advisory Groups (NITAGs) in Africa between 2010 and 2016, using data from the WHO-UNICEF Joint Reporting Form. The number of African countries with NITAGs increased from 15 (28%) in 2010 to 26 (48%) in 2016. Countries with a functioning NITAG increased from 5(9%) in 2010 to 16 (30%) in 2016. In 2016, 13 of the 27 (48%) low-income African countries reported having a NITAG; seven (54%) of them functional. Thirteen of the 26 (50%) middle-income countries reported having a NITAG; nine (69%) of them functional...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771325/native-bacteria-promote-plant-growth-under-drought-stress-condition-without-impacting-the-rhizomicrobiome
#11
Elisabeth Armada, Márcio F A Leite, Almudena Medina, Rosario Azcón, Eiko E Kuramae
Inoculation of plants with beneficial plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) emerges a valuable strategy for ecosystem recovery. However, drought conditions might compromise plant-microbe interactions especially in semiarid regions. This study highlights the effect of native PGPB after one-year inoculation on autochthonous shrubs growth and rhizosphere microbial community composition and activity under drought stress conditions. We inoculated three plant species of semiarid Mediterranean zones, Thymus vulgaris, Santolina chamaecyparissus and Lavandula dentata with a Bacillus thuringiensis strain IAM 12077 and, evaluated the impact on plant biomass, plant nutrient contents, arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) colonization, soil rhizosphere microbial activity, and both the bacterial and fungal communities...
May 16, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770608/north-african-mediterranean-hla-genetic-contribution-in-a-population-of-the-kidney-transplant-waiting-list-patients-of-canary-origin-gran-canaria
#12
J Martinez-Laso, A Ramirez-Puga, E Rivas-García, E Fernández-Tagarro, I Auyanet-Saavedra, R Guerra-Rodríguez, N Díaz-Novo, C García-Cantón
The peopling of the Canary Islands has been widely debated. The mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosome data support the idea of a Berber genetic origin coming from the North of Africa (maternal) and a later contribution of the Spanish invaders (paternal) . The frequencies of the HLA class II alleles from the Tenerife Island (another Canary Island) have previously been published, postulating a Berber and Atlantic/Iberian contributions to the current population. The HLA class I and class II allele frequencies, haplotype frequencies and phylogenetic comparisons were performed in 215 unrelated individuals from Gran Canaria Island (belonging to the kidney transplant waiting list), with at least three generations of ancestors from Canary Islands, in order to study the different ethnical HLA contributions to the genetic background of the Canary Islanders...
May 17, 2018: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769748/comparative-ecologic-relationships-of-saturated-fat-sucrose-food-groups-and-a-mediterranean-food-pattern-score-to-50-year-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-rates-among-16-cohorts-of-the-seven-countries-study
#13
Daan Kromhout, Alessandro Menotti, Adalberta Alberti-Fidanza, Paolo Emilio Puddu, Peter Hollman, Anthony Kafatos, Hanna Tolonen, Hisashi Adachi, David R Jacobs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We studied the ecologic relationships of food groups, macronutrients, eating patterns, and an a priori food pattern score (Mediterranean Adequacy Index: MAI) with long-term CHD mortality rates in the Seven Countries Study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Sixteen cohorts (12,763 men aged 40-59 years) were enrolled in the 1960s in seven countries (US, Finland, The Netherlands, Italy, Greece, former Yugoslavia: Croatia/Serbia, Japan). Dietary surveys were carried out at baseline and only in a subsample of each cohort...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769347/avian-influenza-viruses-in-wild-birds-virus-evolution-in-a-multi-host-ecosystem
#14
Divya Venkatesh, Marjolein J Poen, Theo M Bestebroer, Rachel D Scheuer, Oanh Vuong, Mzia Chkhaidze, Anna Machablishvili, Jimsher Mamuchadze, Levan Ninua, Nadia B Fedorova, Rebecca A Halpin, Xudong Lin, Amy Ransier, Timothy B Stockwell, David E Wentworth, Divya Kriti, Jayeeta Dutta, Harm van Bakel, Anita Puranik, Marek J Slomka, Steve Essen, Ian H Brown, Ron A M Fouchier, Nicola S Lewis
Wild ducks and gulls are the major reservoirs for avian influenza A viruses (AIVs). The mechanisms that drive AIV evolution are complex at sites where various duck and gull species from multiple flyways breed, winter or stage. The Republic of Georgia is located at the intersection of three migratory flyways: Central Asian Flyway, East Asian/East African Flyway and Black Sea/Mediterranean Flyway. For six consecutive years (2010-2016), we collected AIV samples from various duck and gull species that breed, migrate and overwinter in Georgia...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768696/the-isohydric-trap-a-proposed-feedback-between-water-shortage-stomatal-regulation-and-nutrient-acquisition-drives-differential-growth-and-survival-of-european-pines-under-climatic-dryness
#15
D Salazar-Tortosa, J Castro, P Villar-Salvador, B Viñegla, L Matías, A Michelsen, R Rubio de Casas, J I Querejeta
Climatic dryness imposes limitations on vascular plant growth by reducing stomatal conductance, thereby decreasing CO2 uptake and transpiration. Given that transpiration-driven water flow is required for nutrient uptake, climatic stress-induced nutrient deficit could be a key mechanism for decreased plant performance under prolonged drought. We propose the existence of an "isohydric trap", a dryness-induced detrimental feedback leading to nutrient deficit and stoichiometry imbalance in strict isohydric species...
May 16, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768495/pollen-analysis-of-australian-honey
#16
J M Kale Sniderman, Kia A Matley, Simon G Haberle, David J Cantrill
Pollen analysis is widely used to verify the geographic origin of honeys, but has never been employed in Australia. In this study, we analysed the pollen content of 173 unblended honey samples sourced from most of the commercial honey producing regions in southern Australia. Southern Australian vegetation is dominated by Eucalyptus (Myrtaceae) forests and, as expected, most Australian honeys are palynologically dominated by Eucalyptus, while other important components include Myrtaceae taxa such as Corymbia/Angophora and the tribe Leptospermeae; plus Brassicaceae, Echium, Macadamia, and Acacia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768139/canakinumab-for-the-treatment-of-autoinflammatory-recurrent-fever-syndromes
#17
Fabrizio De Benedetti, Marco Gattorno, Jordi Anton, Eldad Ben-Chetrit, Joost Frenkel, Hal M Hoffman, Isabelle Koné-Paut, Helen J Lachmann, Seza Ozen, Anna Simon, Andrew Zeft, Inmaculada Calvo Penades, Michel Moutschen, Pierre Quartier, Ozgur Kasapcopur, Anna Shcherbina, Michael Hofer, Philip J Hashkes, Jeroen Van der Hilst, Ryoki Hara, Segundo Bujan-Rivas, Tamas Constantin, Ahmet Gul, Avi Livneh, Paul Brogan, Marco Cattalini, Laura Obici, Karine Lheritier, Antonio Speziale, Guido Junge
BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean fever, mevalonate kinase deficiency (also known as the hyperimmunoglobulinemia D syndrome), and the tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) are monogenic autoinflammatory diseases characterized by recurrent fever flares. METHODS: We randomly assigned patients with genetically confirmed colchicine-resistant familial Mediterranean fever, mevalonate kinase deficiency, or TRAPS at the time of a flare to receive 150 mg of canakinumab subcutaneously or placebo every 4 weeks...
May 17, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767701/microbiome-mediated-effects-of-the-mediterranean-diet-on-inflammation
#18
Melisa A Bailey, Hannah D Holscher
The Mediterranean diet pattern is increasingly associated with improved metabolic health. Two mechanisms by which consuming a Mediterranean diet pattern may contribute to improved metabolic health are modulation of the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota and reduction of metabolic endotoxemia. Metabolic endotoxemia, defined as a 2- to 3-fold increase in circulating levels of bacterial endotoxin, has been proposed as a cause of inflammation during metabolic dysfunction. As the largest source of endotoxins in the human body, the GI microbiota represents a crucial area for research on strategies for reducing endotoxemia...
May 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766837/diet-quality-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescence-no-cross-sectional-or-prospective-associations-following-adjustment-for-covariates
#19
Eleanor M Winpenny, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Martin White, Esther Mf van Sluijs, Ian M Goodyer
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence is a critical period for development of depression and understanding of behavioural risk factors is needed to support appropriate preventive strategies. We examined associations between adolescent diet quality and depressive symptoms, cross-sectionally and prospectively, in a large community cohort, adjusting for behavioural and psychosocial covariates. DESIGN: Prospective community-based cohort study (ROOTS). SETTING: Secondary schools in Cambridgeshire and Suffolk, UK...
May 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766233/environmental-drivers-controlling-bacterial-and-archaeal-abundance-in-the-sediments-of-a-mediterranean-lagoon-ecosystem
#20
Claudia Pala, Massimiliano Molari, Daniele Nizzoli, Marco Bartoli, Pierluigi Viaroli, Elena Manini
The environmental factors controlling the abundance of Bacteria and Archaea in lagoon ecosystems are poorly understood. Here, an integrated physico-chemical, biogeochemical, and microbiological survey was applied in the Sacca di Goro lagoon (Po River Delta, Italy) to investigate the variation of bacterial and archaeal abundance, as assessed by Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization, along winter and summer environmental gradients. We hypothesised that bacterial and archaeal cells respond differentially to physico-chemical parameters of the sediment, which can be manifested in variations of total cells number...
May 15, 2018: Current Microbiology
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