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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338646/type-iv-secretion-and-signal-transduction-of-helicobacter-pylori-caga-through-interactions-with-host-cell-receptors
#1
REVIEW
Steffen Backert, Nicole Tegtmeyer
Helicobacter pylori is a highly successful human bacterium, which is exceptionally equipped to persistently inhabit the human stomach. Colonization by this pathogen is associated with gastric disorders ranging from chronic gastritis and peptic ulcers to cancer. Highly virulent H. pylori strains express the well-established adhesins BabA/B, SabA, AlpA/B, OipA, and HopQ, and a type IV secretion system (T4SS) encoded by the cag pathogenicity island (PAI). The adhesins ascertain intimate bacterial contact to gastric epithelial cells, while the T4SS represents an extracellular pilus-like structure for the translocation of the effector protein CagA...
March 24, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334623/rapid-on-chip-apoptosis-assay-on-human-carcinoma-cells-based-on-annexin-v-quantum-dot-probes
#2
Helena Montón, Mariana Medina-Sánchez, Joan Antoni Soler, Andrzej Chałupniak, Carme Nogués, Arben Merkoçi
Despite all the efforts made over years to study the cancer expression and the metastasis event, there is not a clear understanding of its origins and effective treatment. Therefore, more specialized and rapid techniques are required for studying cell behaviour under different drug-based treatments. Here we present a quantum dot signalling-based cell assay carried out in a segmental microfluidic device that allows studying the effect of anti-cancer drugs in cultured cell lines by monitoring phosphatidylserine translocation that occurs in early apoptosis...
March 18, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329758/lactb-is-a-tumour-suppressor-that-modulates-lipid-metabolism-and-cell-state
#3
Zuzana Keckesova, Joana Liu Donaher, Jasmine De Cock, Elizaveta Freinkman, Susanne Lingrell, Daniel A Bachovchin, Brian Bierie, Verena Tischler, Aurelia Noske, Marian C Okondo, Ferenc Reinhardt, Prathapan Thiru, Todd R Golub, Jean E Vance, Robert A Weinberg
Post-mitotic, differentiated cells exhibit a variety of characteristics that contrast with those of actively growing neoplastic cells, such as the expression of cell-cycle inhibitors and differentiation factors. We hypothesized that the gene expression profiles of these differentiated cells could reveal the identities of genes that may function as tumour suppressors. Here we show, using in vitro and in vivo studies in mice and humans, that the mitochondrial protein LACTB potently inhibits the proliferation of breast cancer cells...
March 22, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329546/gardner-diamond-syndrome
#4
Joyce H Park, Sarah Yagerman, Hao Feng, Randie H Kim, Shane A Meehan, Jesse Lewin
Gardner-Diamond syndrome, which also is knownas autoerythrocyte sensitization disorder, is a raresyndrome of inflammatory, edematous papulesthat evolve into painful ecchymoses on the trunkand lower legs after a period of stress with no priorhistory of trauma. This syndrome usually occurs inwomen with a history of psychiatric disorders, themost common one being depression. Although theexact mechanism of injury is not well understood,it is hypothesized that these patients haveautoantibodies to phosphatidylserine, which is aphospholipid membrane component in erythrocytes...
December 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326634/influence-of-partial-or-total-replacement-of-glycerol-by-alternative-cryoprotectants-in-ghent-freezing-extender-on-post-thaw-sperm-quality-in-stallions
#5
R A De Oliveira, S Budik, C Aurich
Although glycerol is the cryoprotectant most commonly used in stallions, it has also a considerable toxicity for equine sperm. It was the aim of this study to analyse the quality of frozen-thawed stallion semen after complete or partial replacement of glycerol in the freezing extender by alternative cryoprotectants. We hypothesized that partial or total replacement of glycerol by cryoprotectants occurring in cold-resistant frog, insect or plant species results in similar or better semen quality after freezing-thawing...
March 21, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323950/breaking-up-prolonged-sitting-alters-the-postprandial-plasma-lipidomic-profile-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Megan S Grace, Paddy C Dempsey, Parneet Sethi, Piyushkumar A Mundra, Natalie A Mellett, Jacquelyn M Weir, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Peter J Meikle, Bronwyn A Kingwell
Context: Postprandial dysmetabolism in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is exacerbated by prolonged sitting, and may trigger inflammation and oxidative stress. It is unknown what impact countermeasures to prolonged sitting have on the postprandial lipidome. Objective: In this study, we investigated the effects of regular interruptions to sitting, compared to prolonged sitting, on the postprandial plasma lipidome. Design: Randomized cross-over experimental trial...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323499/antiproliferative-activity-of-egg-yolk-peptides-in-human-colon-cancer-cells
#7
Marwa N Yousr, Akram A Aloqbi, Ulfat M Omar, Nazlin K Howell
Egg yolk peptides were successfully prepared from egg yolk protein by-products after lecithin extraction. Defatted egg yolk protein was hydrolyzed with pepsin and pancreatin and purified by gel filtration to produce egg yolk gel filtration fraction (EYGF-33) with antiproliferative activity. The highlight of this study was that the peptide EYGF-33 (1.0 mg/ml) significantly inhibits cell viability of colon cancer cells (Caco-2) with no inhibitory effects on the viability of human colon epithelial normal cells (HCEC) after 48 h...
March 21, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322795/a-comprehensive-lipid-binding-and-activity-validation-of-a-cancer-specific-peptide-peptoid-hybrid-pps1
#8
Tanvi J Desai, D Gomika Udugamasooriya
We recently identified a peptide-peptoid hybrid, PPS1, which recognizes lipids that have an overall negative charge, such as phosphatidylserine (PS), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidic acid (PA), and phosphatidylinositol (PI), but that does not bind to neutral lipids, such as phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), and sphingomyelin (SM). The simple dimeric version of PPS1, PPS1D1, displayed strong cytotoxicity to cancer cells over normal cells in vitro and tumor burden in vivo. In this study, we comprehensively characterized the direct binding and activity of PPS1 on PS, PG, and PA using liposome-based assays and lung cancer cell lines that express these negatively charged lipids...
March 18, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317300/microangiopathic-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome-due-to-anti-phosphatidylserine-prothrombin-complex-igm-antibody
#9
Yumi Senda, Kazuhide Ohta, Tadafumi Yokoyama, Masaki Shimizu, Kengo Furuichi, Takashi Wada, Akihiro Yachie
Herein we describe a case of microangiopathic antiphospholipid syndrome (MAPS) due to anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin complex (aPS/PT) IgM antibody successfully treated with rituximab. A significant correlation was observed between the clinical course and the aPS/PT IgM antibody titer, which can rise earlier before the appearance of clinical symptoms. Rituximab can be safely and effectively used for MAPS. Although detection of only aPS/PT IgM antibody is rare, aPS/PT IgM antibody might be associated with the pathogenesis of MAPS and might be a useful marker of disease activity...
March 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314769/infrared-spectroscopic-characterization-of-monocytic-microvesicles-microparticles-released-upon-lipopolysaccharide-stimulation
#10
Joonsup Lee, Beryl Wen, Elizabeth A Carter, Valery Combes, Georges E R Grau, Peter A Lay
Microvesicles (MVs) are involved in cell-cell interactions, including disease pathogenesis. Nondestructive Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectra from MVs were assessed as a technique to provide new biochemical insights into a LPS-induced monocyte model of septic shock. FTIR spectroscopy provided a quick method to investigate relative differences in biomolecular content of different MV populations that was complementary to traditional semiquantitative omics approaches, with which it is difficult to provide information on relative changes between classes (proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, carbohydrates) or protein conformations...
March 17, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302728/a-high-and-phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate-pi4p-dependent-atpase-activity-for-the-drs2p-cdc50p-flippase-after-removal-of-its-n-and-c-terminal-extensions
#11
Hassina Azouaoui, Cédric Montigny, Thibaud Dieudonné, Philippe Champeil, Aurore Jacquot, José Luis Vázquez-Ibar, Pierre Le Maréchal, Jakob Ulstrup, Miriam-Rose Ash, Joseph A Lyons, Poul Nissen, Guillaume Lenoir
P4-ATPases, also known as phospholipid flippases, are responsible for creating and maintaining transbilayer lipid asymmetry in eukaryotic cell membranes. Here, we use limited proteolysis to investigate the role of the N- and C-termini in ATP hydrolysis and auto-inhibition of the yeast flippase Drs2p/Cdc50p. We show that limited proteolysis of the detergent-solubilized and purified yeast flippase may result in more than one order of magnitude increase of its ATPase activity, which remains dependent on phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PI4P), a regulator of this lipid flippase, and specific to a phosphatidylserine substrate...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302338/-laboratory-diagnosis-of-antiphospholipid-syndrome-from-criteria-to-practice
#12
V Joste, M-A Dragon-Durey, L Darnige
The antiphospholipid syndrome is a bioclinical entity defined by thrombosis and/or obstetrical complications in the presence, at least 12 weeks apart, of antiphospholipid antibodies detected by coagulation test (lupus anticoagulant) or immunological assays (anticardiolipin, anti-β2-glycoprotein I antibodies). Biological markers' improvement such as anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin and biological score should allow better patients' management and preventive therapeutic for thrombosis and obstetrical complications...
March 14, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302333/analysis-of-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-sperm-motility-and-lipid-composition-using-different-in-vitro-temperatures
#13
Hadiseh Dadras, Sabine Sampels, Amin Golpour, Viktoriya Dzyuba, Jacky Cosson, Borys Dzyuba
In fish, sperm quality is frequently associated with sperm motility variables. The response of sperm motility to different temperatures varies among species and plasma membrane lipid composition may contribute to variations in findings in previous research. In the present study, sperm motility and lipid composition were analysed between motile or immotile carp Cyprinus carpio sperm at different in vitro temperatures (4, 14 and 24°C). The duration of the period over which sperm motility is sustained was longer at 4°C compared with 14 and 24°C; while sperm velocity was greatest at 24°C...
March 6, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301379/hypothesis-robophera-a-phosphatase-and-tensin-homolog-targeted-antineoplastic-therapy
#14
Arsalan Azimi, Arian Azimi
Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a protein that regulates cellular response to growth/antigrowth signals, cell survival, apoptosis, proliferation, angiogenesis, and cellular migration. Impairments in these processes are the main hallmarks of cancer, and reduced expression, activity, or stability of PTEN are among the most common etiologies of diverse types of sporadic cancers. Rosiglitazone (RO), bortezomib (BO), phosphatidylserine (PH), ethanol (E), and radiotherapy (RA) (ROBOPHERA) stimulate the expression and increase the activity of PTEN...
April 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287421/in-depth-lipidomic-analysis-of-molecular-species-of-triacylglycerides-diacylglycerides-glycerophospholipids-and-sphingolipids-of-buttermilk-by-gc-ms-fid-hplc-elsd-and-uplc-qtof-ms
#15
Pilar Castro-Gómez, Olimpio Montero, Javier Fontecha
Buttermilk, a byproduct of butter manufacturing, has gained considerable attention due to its high concentration of polar lipids as phospho- and sphingolipids from the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM). These polar lipids (PLs) are essential components of all cellular membranes and exert a variety of indispensable metabolic, neurological, and intracellular signaling processes. Despite its importance, there are few research studies that report a comprehensive characterization of the lipid molecular species of MFGM that could contribute to a better understanding of their putative healthful activities...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275163/axonal-degeneration-in-retinal-ganglion-cells-is-associated-with-a-membrane-polarity-sensitive-redox-process
#16
Mohammadali Almasieh, Maria-Magdalena Catrinescu, Loïc Binan, Santiago Costantino, Leonard A Levin
Axonal degeneration is a pathophysiological mechanism common to several neurodegenerative diseases. The slow Wallerian degeneration (Wld(S)) mutation, which results in reduced axonal degeneration in the central and peripheral nervous systems, has provided insight for a redox-dependent mechanism by which axons undergo self-destruction. We studied early molecular events in axonal degeneration with single-axon laser axotomy and time-lapse imaging, monitoring the initial changes in transected axons of purified retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) from wild-type and Wld(S) rat retinas using a polarity-sensitive annexin-based biosensor (annexin B12-Cys101,Cys260-N,N'-dimethyl-N-(iodoacetyl)-N'-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl) ethylenediamine)...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274844/phosphatidylserine-lipids-and-membrane-order-precisely-regulate-the-activity-of-polybia-mp1-peptide
#17
Dayane S Alvares, João Ruggiero Neto, Ernesto E Ambroggio
Polybia-MP1 (IDWKKLLDAAKQIL-NH2) is a lytic peptide from the Brazilian wasp venom with known anti-cancer properties. Previous evidence indicates that phosphatidylserine (PS) lipids are relevant for the lytic activity of MP1. In agreement with this requirement, phosphatidylserine lipids are translocated to the outer leaflet of cells, and are available for MP1 binding, depending on the presence of liquid-ordered domains. Here, we investigated the effect of PS on MP1 activity when this lipid is reconstituted in membranes of giant or large liposomes with different lipid-phase states...
March 6, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273804/domain-4-d4-of-perfringolysin-o-to-visualize-cholesterol-in-cellular-membranes-the-update
#18
REVIEW
Masashi Maekawa
The cellular membrane of eukaryotes consists of phospholipids, sphingolipids, cholesterol and membrane proteins. Among them, cholesterol is crucial for various cellular events (e.g., signaling, viral/bacterial infection, and membrane trafficking) in addition to its essential role as an ingredient of steroid hormones, vitamin D, and bile acids. From a micro-perspective, at the plasma membrane, recent emerging evidence strongly suggests the existence of lipid nanodomains formed with cholesterol and phospholipids (e...
March 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268218/does-erythropoietin-regulate-trpc-channels-in-red-blood-cells
#19
Jens Danielczok, Laura Hertz, Sandra Ruppenthal, Elisabeth Kaiser, Polina Petkova-Kirova, Anna Bogdanova, Elmar Krause, Peter Lipp, Marc Freichel, Lars Kaestner, Lutz Birnbaumer
BACKGROUND: Cation channels play an essential role in red blood cells (RBCs) ion homeostasis. One set of ion channels are the transient receptor potential channels of canonical type (TRPC channels). The abundance of these channels in primary erythroblasts, erythroid cell lines and RBCs was associated with an increase in intracellular Ca2+ upon stimulation with Erythropoietin (Epo). In contrast two independent studies on Epo-treated patients revealed diminished basal Ca2+ concentration or reduced phosphatidylserine exposure to the outer membrane leaflet...
March 6, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263175/the-purified-vepoloxamer-prevents-haemolysis-in-42-day-stored-dehp-pvc-free-red-blood-cell-units
#20
Jose A Cancelas, Neeta Rugg, Shawnagay Nestheide, Sarah E Hill, R Martin Emanuele, Douglas S Mckenzie
BACKGROUND: Use of the plasticiser di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) blood bags poses a potential dilemma. The presence of DEHP in blood bags has been shown to be beneficial to red blood cells during storage by diminishing haemolysis. However, DEHP use in PVC may be carcinogenic or estrogenising. Vepoloxamer is a poloxamer with rheological and cytoprotective rheological properties and a favourable toxicity profile in clinical trials. We hypothesised that vepoloxamer may be sufficient to replace the plasticiser DEHP to prevent elevated haemolysis while conserving the biochemical and redox potential++ in RBCs stored for up to 42 days...
March 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
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