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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331902/the-use-of-interprofessional-learning-and-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-programs-to-address-interprofessional-communication-and-collaboration-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Benedikte M Granheim, Julie M Shaw, Martha Mansah
OBJECTIVE: To identify how simulation and interprofessional learning are used together in undergraduate nursing programs and undertaken in schools of nursing to address interprofessional communication and collaboration. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus, PsycInfo and Science Direct were searched to identify articles from 2006 to 2016 that reported on the use of IPL and simulation together in undergraduate nursing education...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331775/experience-of-lecturers-with-simulation-training-in-midwifery-education-in-slovakia
#2
Erika Maskálová, Eva Urbanová, Martina Bašková, Eva Kvaltínyová
The simulation training in midwifery has a long tradition. It is aimed at acquiring basic and advanced practical skills such as performing a certain number of births, episiotomy and subsequent suture, assisting during breech birth etc. Midwifery education is currently based on the requirements of the Directives of the European Union exactly specifying number of performed practical procedures and approaches (World Health Organisation (WHO) Europe, 2009). The aim of this paper is to draw attention to the experience with the simulation training from the teacher's point of view in the study program Midwifery in Slovakia...
January 5, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330973/the-effect-of-sex-education-and-life-skills-for-preventive-sexual-risk-behaviours-among-university-of-students-in-thailand
#3
Katekaew Seangpraw, Rattana Somrongthong, Monchanok Choowanthanapakorn, Ramesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Currently, the problem of sexual risk behaviour of adolescents has increased worldwide, including Thailand. This study compared the effectiveness of promoting life skills to prevent sexual risk behaviours among university students in the Phayao Province of Thailand. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was employed with a pre- and post-test study for a sample of freshmen university students. The students were then split into an intervention group comprised of 300 students, with a second group of 250 students from the same faculty as the control group...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329996/to-prep-or-not-to-prep-that-is-the-question-a-randomized-trial-on-the-use-of-antiflatulent-medication-as-part-of-bowel-preparation-for-patients-having-image-guided-external-beam-radiation-therapy-to-the-prostate
#4
Merrylee McGuffin, Naila Devji, Lyann Kehoe, Anne Carty, Steve Russell, Lisa Di Prospero, Carlo DeAngelis, Alex Kiss, Danny Vesprini, Andrew Loblaw, Laura D'Alimonte
INTRODUCTION: Radiation therapy is a standard treatment option for prostate cancer. With growing use of escalated doses and tighter margins, procedures to limit rectal size variation are needed to reduce prostate motion, increase treatment accuracy, and minimize rectal toxicity. This prospective study was done to determine whether the introduction of an antiflatulent medication would decrease rectal distention at computed tomography (CT) simulation and throughout a course of radiation therapy...
November 4, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327991/a-clinical-librarian-embedded-in-medical-education-patient-centered-encounters-for-preclinical-medical-students
#5
Lindsay Blake, Frances M Yang, Hutton Brandon, Benjamin Wilson, Renee Page
Adding patient encounters and simulation to the preclinical years of medical school is becoming increasingly popular. This article describes the creation of active learning opportunities by a clinical librarian that are aimed at training preclinical students through the use of simulated patient scenarios. Scenarios for second-year students walk them through the evidence-based resources needed in clinical years and beyond through a standardized patient encounter. Scenarios for first-year students involve role-play of cases where the patient and physician bring contrasting ideas to the outpatient interaction...
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326414/-effect-of-debriefing-based-on-the-clinical-judgment-model-on-simulation-based-learning-outcomes-of-end-of-life-care-for-nursing-students-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kyung In Jeong, Ja Yun Choi
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify effects of debriefing based on the clinical judgment model for nursing students on their knowledge, skill performance, clinical judgment, self-confidence and learner satisfaction during simulation based end-of-life care (ELC) education. METHODS: Simulation based ELC education was developed in six steps as follows: selection of learning subjects and objects, development of learning tools, a trial run of simulation-based education, students' skill training, and evaluators' training...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325763/clinical-experience-with-three-dimensional-printing-techniques-in-orthopedic-trauma
#7
Ji Wan Kim, Yongkoo Lee, Joonho Seo, Jai Hyung Park, Yong Min Seo, Sung Soo Kim, Hyun Chul Shon
BACKGROUND: To report our experiences with the use of three-dimensional (3D) printing in the field of orthopedic trauma. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 24 patients from three university teaching hospitals in whom 3D printing technique was applied: 14 patients with acetabular fractures and 10 patients with clavicular shaft fractures. We summarized our experiences with 3D printed bone models. RESULTS: Three-dimensional printed acetabular models improved understanding of complex acetabular anatomy and fracture pattern to plan the optimal positioning of a reduction clamp and the trajectory of screws...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324362/x-ray-system-simulation-software-tools-for-radiology-and-radiography-education
#8
Stephen M Kengyelics, Laura A Treadgold, Andrew G Davies
OBJECTIVES: To develop x-ray simulation software tools to support delivery of radiological science education for a range of learning environments and audiences including individual study, lectures, and tutorials. METHODS: Two software tools were developed; one simulated x-ray production for a simple two dimensional radiographic system geometry comprising an x-ray source, beam filter, test object and detector. The other simulated the acquisition and display of two dimensional radiographic images of complex three dimensional objects using a ray casting algorithm through three dimensional mesh objects...
December 13, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324264/driver-education-enhancing-knowledge-of-sleep-fatigue-and-risky-behaviour-to-improve-decision-making-in-young-drivers
#9
Pasquale K Alvaro, Nicole M Burnett, Gerard A Kennedy, William Yu Xun Min, Marcus McMahon, Maree Barnes, Melinda Jackson, Mark E Howard
This study assessed the impact of an education program on knowledge of sleepiness and driving behaviour in young adult drivers and their performance and behaviour during simulated night driving. Thirty-four participants (18-26 years old) were randomized to receive either a four-week education program about sleep and driving or a control condition. A series of questionnaires were administered to assess knowledge of factors affecting sleep and driving before and after the four-week education program. Participants also completed a two hour driving simulator task at 1am after 17 h of extended wakefulness to assess the impact on driving behaviour...
January 8, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321039/strategies-to-control-hiv-and-hcv-in-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-guangdong-province-china-a-system-dynamic-modeling-study
#10
Xia Zou, Yong Xu, Wen Chen, Yinghua Xia, Yin Liu, Cheng Gong, Li Ling
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) participants remain high. Optimized HIV and HCV prevention strategies for MMT clinics in resource-limited regions are urgently needed. This study aims to develop an MMT system dynamic model (SDM) to compare and optimize HIV and HCV control strategies in the MMT system. METHODS: We developed an MMT-SDM structure based on literature reviews...
January 10, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320790/-learning-in-protected-environment-implementation-in-continuing-medical-education
#11
Lion Sieg, Lars Friedrich, Hendrik Eismann
Actual concepts in continuing medical education in acute or emergency medicine contain skill training as well as simulation training. Methods and mechanisms to reduce crisis, like human factor training, shared mental models or closed-loop communication are incorporated. It is unknown which training method is optimal for individual departments in hospitals or for the individual level of education of the healthcare provider. A concept we provide is the so called "learning in protected environment": this environment protects the course participants and our patients from negative consequences of a conventional hands-on training...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320789/-simulation-as-a-training-method-for-the-professionalization-of-teams
#12
Markus Flentje, Hendrik Eismann, Lion Sieg, Lars Friedrich, Georg Breuer
Simulation as an educational method can be applied to the training of processes, technical and non-technical skills. This article focuses on the role of simulation in crisis resource management and non-technical skills. A realistic work environment requires well-trained staff regarding simulation technology and communication. A training (unit) is divided into three sections. During the briefing the team is introduced to the scenario. Afterwards, the patient is treated by an interdisciplinary team. Communication under the pressure of action, even if one does not agree with the approach of the colleagues, should be practiced...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320788/-competence-based-training-in-the-protected-environment-from-sheltered-space-to-real-life
#13
Christina Quandt, Lars Friedrich
The idea of "learning in a protected environment" is frequently used within the framework of postgradual education in anaesthesiology. However it remains unclear and its exact meaning lies in the eye of the beholder. This paper aims to highlight the definition of the term "protected environment" and its relevance in anaesthesiology. This includes teaching and learning strategies like competence based training and simulation based training in all its variations. We conclude with an attempt to classify the wide variety of Simulators and teaching methods in use including their individual problems transferred into real life situations...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314751/emergency-airway-and-ventilator-procedures-for-community-based-home-care-staff-validation-of-an-educational-program
#14
Ann Marie Ramsey, Sarah Brennan, Adam Stricker, Kurt Riek, Dana Brown, Rachel Gurtowsky, Julie Sturza, Amy Goldstein Filbrun
BACKGROUND: Children discharged home with tracheostomy and chronic mechanical ventilator support are at high risk for complications and adverse events. Private duty nursing and home respiratory care services are a critical support necessary for successful discharge. The literature suggests that there are opportunities for home care staff (HCS) to improve upon the skills necessary to assess and intervene in an emergency thereby increasing the likelihood of improving long-term outcomes...
January 4, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309974/three-dimensional-printed-skull-base-simulation-for-transnasal-endoscopic-surgical-training
#15
Jia-Ping Zheng, Chu-Zhong Li, Guo-Qiang Chen, Gui-Dong Song, Ya-Zhuo Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Transnasal endoscopic skull base surgery (SBS) presents a great challenge for inexperienced neurosurgeons due to the complicated anatomic structures, 2-dimensional endoscopic view, limited operative field, and required skills. We designed a personalized multi-material and multi-color three-dimensional (3D)-printed SBS simulation to reproduce the complex anatomy of the skull base. The fidelity and feasibility for anatomical education and surgical training were assessed. METHODS: Two-dimensional computer tomography and magnetic resonance images were collected from a 42-year-old healthy male volunteer...
January 5, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308854/facial-attractiveness-of-skeletal-class-i-and-class-ii-malocclusion-as-perceived-by-laypeople-patients-and-clinicians
#16
Michela Pace, Iacopo Cioffi, Vincenzo D'Antò, Alessandra Valletta, Rosa Valletta, Massimo Amato
BACKGROUND: Physical attractiveness is dependent on facial appearance. The facial profile plays a crucial role in facial attractiveness and can be improved with orthodontic treatment. The aesthetic assessment of facial appearance may be influenced by the cultural background and education of the assessor and dependent upon the experience level of dental professionals. This study aimed to evaluate how the sagittal jaw relationship in Class I and Class II individuals affects facial attractiveness, and whether the assessor's professional education and background affect the perception of facial attractiveness...
January 5, 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308526/-evaluation-of-simulated-mandibular-models-in-skill-training-of-implantology-for-dental-undergraduates
#17
Feng-Wei Xu, Jiang Shang, Jian Song, Ping-Gong DU, Zhong-Hao Liu
PURPOSE: To explore the effects of simulated mandibular models in skill training of implantology for dental undergraduate. METHODS: Pre-clinical teaching of oral implantology was implemented on simulation models for 51 undergraduates of grade 2013. Each undergraduate inserted a dental implant and took an impression in the simulation model under the teacher's guidance. After the training course, the scores were evaluated both objectively and subjectively. RESULTS: An average score of 91...
October 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306751/simulated-patient-training-using-inter-rater-reliability-to-evaluate-simulated-patient-consistency-in-nursing-education
#18
Sharon MacLean, Fiona Geddes, Michelle Kelly, Phillip Della
BACKGROUND: Simulated patients (SPs) are frequently used for training nursing students in communication skills. An acknowledged benefit of using SPs is the opportunity to provide a standardized approach by which participants can demonstrate and develop communication skills. However, relatively little evidence is available on how to best facilitate and evaluate the reliability and accuracy of SPs' performances. AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of an evidenced based SP training framework to ensure standardization of SPs...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306447/obstetric-and-gynecologic-ultrasound-curriculum-and-competency-assessment-in-residency-training-programs-consensus-report
#19
Alfred Abuhamad, Katherine K Minton, Carol B Benson, Trish Chudleigh, Lori Crites, Peter M Doubilet, Rita Driggers, Wesley Lee, Karen V Mann, James J Perez, Nancy C Rose, Lynn L Simpson, Ann Tabor, Beryl R Benacerraf
Ultrasound imaging has become integral to the practice of obstetrics and gynecology. With increasing educational demands and limited hours in residency programs, dedicated time for training and achieving competency in ultrasound has diminished substantially. The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine assembled a multisociety task force to develop a consensus-based, standardized curriculum and competency assessment tools for obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound training in residency programs. The curriculum and competency assessment tools were developed based on existing national and international guidelines for the performance of obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound examinations and thus are intended to represent the minimum requirement for such training...
January 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306382/diagnostic-radiographers-working-in-the-operating-theatre-an-action-research-project
#20
S Naylor, D Foulkes
INTRODUCTION: Failures in interprofessional communication are well-documented and are an established cause of medical error and negative health outcomes. Socio-historical issues like imbalances in power and status are particularly prevalent in the operating theatre environment, adding complications to interprofessional working. Simulation, used in healthcare education, may impact positively on interprofessional working. METHODS: The aim of this action research study was to develop, pilot and run a simulation experience for Diagnostic Radiography (DRAD) students...
February 2018: Radiography
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