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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430705/disparities-in-female-breast-cancer-stage-at-diagnosis-in-new-jersey-a-spatial-temporal-analysis
#1
Lisa M Roche, Xiaoling Niu, Antoinette M Stroup, Kevin A Henry
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in early detection of breast cancer, disparities persist in stage at diagnosis, which is an important prognostic factor. METHODS: We used the space-time scan statistic in SaTScan to identify geographic areas and time periods with significantly elevated proportions of female breast cancer diagnosed at the in situ or distant stage in New Jersey. The analyses were conducted with census tracts as the geographic unit of analysis, elliptical spatial windows, 3-year temporal windows, and Poisson models...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430115/a-systematic-review-of-3-d-printing-in-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-diseases
#2
Zhonghua Sun, Shen Yuan Lee
OBJECTIVE: The application of 3-D printing has been increasingly used in medicine, with research showing many applications in cardiovascular disease. This systematic review analyzes those studies published about the applications of 3-D printed, patient-specific models in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. METHODS: A search of PubMed/Medline and Scopus databases was performed to identify studies investigating the 3-D printing in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases...
April 10, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425890/biomedical-simulation-evolution-concepts-challenges-and-future-trends
#3
Carla Sá-Couto, Luís Patrão, Francisco Maio-Matos, José Miguel Pêgo
Biomedical simulation is an effective educational complement for healthcare training, both at undergraduate and postgraduate level. It enables knowledge, skills and attitudes to be acquired in a safe, educationally orientated and efficient manner. In this context, simulation provides skills and experience that facilitate the transfer of cognitive, psychomotor and proper communication competences, thus changing behavior and attitudes, and ultimately improving patient safety. Beyond the impact on individual and team performance, simulation provides an opportunity to study organizational failures and improve system performance...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423811/connecting-the-links-narratives-simulations-and-serious-games-in-prehospital-training
#4
Ilona Heldal, Per Backlund, Mikael Johannesson, Mikael Lebram, Lars Lundberg
Due to rapid and substantial changes in the health sector, collaboration and supporting technologies get more into focus. Changes in education and training are also required. Simulations and serious games (SSG) are often advocated as promising technologies supporting training of many and in the same manner, or increasing the skills necessary to deal with new, dangerous, complex or unexpected situations. The aim of this paper is to illustrate and discuss resources needed for planning and performing collaborative contextual training scenarios...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423455/simulation-and-curriculum-design-a-global-survey-in-dental-education
#5
S Perry, M F Burrow, W K Leung, S M Bridges
BACKGROUND: Curriculum reforms are being driven by globalisation and international standardisation. Although new information technologies such as dental haptic virtual reality (VR) simulation systems have provided potential new possibilities for clinical learning in dental curricula, infusion into curricula requires careful planning. METHODS: This study aimed to identify current patterns in the role and integration of simulation in dental degree curricula internationally...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421176/distributed-learning-revitalizing-anesthesiology-training-in-resource-limited-ethiopia
#6
Krupa B Patel, Morgan Dooley, Ananya Abate, Vanessa Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has a significant paucity of available health-care workers. Despite the increasing number of medical schools, there are not enough physician instructors. Furthermore, availability and standardization of postgraduate training are lacking. Modalities of e-learning have been shown to be successful when used to impart medical education in other resource-limited countries. The Emory University and Addis Ababa University (AAU) Departments of Anesthesiology have formed a collaboration with the intent of improving the AAU Anesthesiology residency program, one of two postgraduate training programs for anesthesiology in Ethiopia...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421011/practical-consequences-of-item-response-theory-model-misfit-in-the-context-of-test-equating-with-mixed-format-test-data
#7
Yue Zhao, Ronald K Hambleton
In item response theory (IRT) models, assessing model-data fit is an essential step in IRT calibration. While no general agreement has ever been reached on the best methods or approaches to use for detecting misfit, perhaps the more important comment based upon the research findings is that rarely does the research evaluate IRT misfit by focusing on the practical consequences of misfit. The study investigated the practical consequences of IRT model misfit in examining the equating performance and the classification of examinees into performance categories in a simulation study that mimics a typical large-scale statewide assessment program with mixed-format test data...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420914/simulation-training-using-cadaver-sheep-chest-in-pleuroscopy-a-step-towards-skills-enhancement
#8
Talha Mahmud, Tajwar Nasir, Muhammad Saqib, Muhammad Aasim, Nasir Siddique
OBJECTIVE: For assessing the use of if simulation training on animal cadavers as a useful tool for training in pleuroscopy. METHODS: The email-based cross-sectional study was conducted in December 2014 at Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan, and comprised respiratory physicians and trainees after their participation in a two-day hands-on training course on pleuroscopy and pleural medical procedures. The responses were analysed and the responses of physicians and trainees were compared...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419016/an-evaluation-of-a-new-debriefing-framework-reflect
#9
Lauren E Zinns, Paul C Mullan, Karen J OʼConnell, Leticia M Ryan, Angela T Wratney
BACKGROUND: Postresuscitation debriefing (PRD) is recommended by the American Heart Association guidelines but is infrequently performed. Prior studies have identified barriers for pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellows including lack of a standardized curriculum. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to create and assess the feasibility of a time-limited, structured PRD framework entitled REFLECT: Review the event, Encourage team participation, Focused feedback, Listen to each other, Emphasize key points, Communicate clearly, and Transform the future...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414582/educating-the-next-generation-of-family-caregivers-through-the-use-of-dynamic-case-studies
#10
Carol L Jenkins, Abby J Schwartz
Between 2008 and 2016, students in an Introduction to Gerontology course were required to complete a dynamic case study project simulating caregiving arrangement decision-making. Students were divided into groups representing typical multigenerational families, and were required to determine how to develop caregiving arrangements to respond to an older family member's changing levels of need. The assignment concluded with students writing a final paper summarizing what they learned. This study examined the themes emerging from student group case study papers to gain an understanding of the challenges students face in understanding the dynamics of making family-based caregiving decisions...
April 17, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413632/is-in-vivo-laparoscopic-simulation-learning-a-step-forward-in-the-undergraduate-surgical-education
#11
Panteleimon Pantelidis, Michail Sideris, Georgios Tsoulfas, Efstratia-Maria Georgopoulou, Ismini Tsagkaraki, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Georgios Stagias, Nikolaos Psychalakis, Parmenion Tsitsopoulos, Thanos Athanasiou, Georgios Zografos, Apostolos Papalois
BACKGROUND: Essentials Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases - ESMSC is an International Combined Applied Surgical Science and Wet Lab course addressed at the Undergraduate level. Laparoscopic Skills is a fundamental element of Surgical Education and various Simulation-Based Learning (SBL) models have been endorsed. This study aims to explore if there is any significant difference in delegates' performance depending on whether they completed In Vivo module prior to the equivalent in the laparoscopic simulator...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412692/review-research-on-the-physical-training-model-of-human-body-based-on-hq
#12
Liu Junjie
Health quotient (HQ) is the newest health culture and concept in the 21st century, and the analysis of the human body sports model is not enough mature at present, what's more, the purpose of this paper is to study the integration of the two subjects the health quotient and the sport model. This paper draws the conclusion that physical training and education in colleges and universities can improve the health quotient, and it will make students possess a more healthy body and mind. Then through a new rigid body model of sports to simulate the human physical exercise...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410719/assessment-of-resident-training-and-preparedness-for-cataract-surgery
#13
Sidharth Puri, Divya Srikumaran, Christina Prescott, Jing Tian, Shameema Sikder
PURPOSE: To assess which surgical teaching methods are used for residency surgical training and which methods residents find most useful. SETTING: Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cross-sectional study. METHODS: A survey was developed and sent to residents at accredited ophthalmology training programs in the United States. The survey asked about demographics, program characteristics, surgical training methods, perceived initial preparedness, eventual competence, and difficulty with the steps of cataract surgery...
March 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409648/assessment-of-simulated-emergency-scenarios-are-trained-observers-necessary
#14
Juliane Noveanu, Felix Amsler, Wolfgang Ummenhofer, Thomas von Wyl, Mathias Zuercher
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based medical training is associated with superior educational outcomes and improved cost efficiency. Self- and peer-assessment may be a cost-effective and flexible alternative to expert-led assessment. We compared accuracy of self- and peer-assessment of untrained raters using basic evaluation tools to expert assessment using advanced validation tools including validated questionnaires and post hoc video-based analysis. METHODS: Twenty-eight simulated emergency airway management scenarios were observed and video-recorded for further assessment...
April 14, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408272/successful-management-of-a-neck-hematoma-following-simulation-training
#15
Marie-Ève Bélanger, Issam Tanoubi, Mihai Georgescu, Roger Perron, Arnaud Robitaille, Marie-Pierre Charron, Pierre Drolet
Simulation-based education is gaining widespread acceptance in many medical specialties as an effective method to teach technical and non-technical skills. The ultimate goal of simulation is to improve health care and patient safety. Boet et al. [1] published a review on simulation-based crisis resources management (CRM) teaching, looking for evidence that it can lead to improved workplace practices and patient safety. Amongst hundreds of studies pertaining to CRM, he found only nine that were relevant, and only one that showed reduced mortality...
April 10, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408233/securing-a-chest-tube-properly-a-simple-framework-for-teaching-emergency-medicine-residents-and-assessing-their-technical-abilities
#16
Raaj K Ruparel, Torrey A Laack, Rushin D Brahmbhatt, Phillip G Rowse, Johnathon M Aho, Yazan N AlJamal, Brian D Kim, David S Morris, David R Farley, Ronna L Campbell
BACKGROUND: Quality-improvement efforts at our institution have identified chest tube dislodgement as a preventable complication of tube thoracostomy. Because proper fixation techniques are not well described in the literature and are seldom formally taught, techniques vary among residents. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop and test a framework for teaching and assessing chest tube securement. METHODS: A repeated-measures study design was used...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406847/nontechnical-skill-training-and-the-use-of-scenarios-in-modern-surgical-education
#17
Oliver Brunckhorst, Muhammad S Khan, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nontechnical skills are being increasingly recognized as a core reason of surgical errors. Combined with the changing nature of surgical training, there has therefore been an increase in nontechnical skill research in the literature. This review therefore aims to: define nontechnical skillsets, assess current training methods, explore assessment modalities and suggest future research aims. RECENT FINDINGS: The literature demonstrates an increasing understanding of the components of nontechnical skills within surgery...
April 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405926/the-use-of-theatre-in-medical-education-in-the-emergency-cases-school-an-appealing-and-widely-accessible-way-of-learning
#18
Christodoulos Keskinis, Vasileios Bafitis, Panagiota Karailidou, Christina Pagonidou, Panteleimon Pantelidis, Alexandros Rampotas, Michail Sideris, Georgios Tsoulfas, Dimitrios Stakos
INTRODUCTION: Theatre models in medical education have been used worldwide in order to train medical students and graduates in managing various situations. However, the literature reports little regarding its appeal to trainees. We conducted a medical seminar, entitled Emergency Cases School, which employed such techniques. Actors simulated the actions of doctors and patients involved in various emergency cases, in front of a large audience, in a specially modified theatre hall which resembled the emergency room environment...
April 12, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405409/effects-of-communication-skill-training-cst-based-on-spikes-for-insurance-covered-pharmacy-pharmacists-to-interact-with-simulated-cancer-patients
#19
Manako Hanya, Yoshitake Kanno, Junko Akasaki, Keiko Abe, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Hiroyuki Kamei
BACKGROUND: With the development of pharmacotherapy and radiotherapy, cancer treatment is being shifted from surgical to outpatient services, consequently increasing insurance-covered pharmacies' frequency of dealing with cancer patients. As the psychology of these patients is complex, it is necessary for pharmacists to educate them in consideration of their cognitive/medical and psychosocial aspects. This study analyzed cancer patient management by pharmacists working in such pharmacies and their communication skills before and after communication skill training based on SPIKES, a six-step protocol for delivering bad news, to confirm the usefulness of such training...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403371/development-of-a-theoretical-practical-script-for-clinical-simulation
#20
Renata Paula Fabri, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Ariadne da Silva Fonseca, César Eduardo Pedersoli, Fernanda Berchelli Girão Miranda, Laís Fumincelli, Rui Carlos Negrão Baptista
OBJECTIVE: To develop a theoretical-practical script based on the opinion of experts to be used in simulated clinical activities. METHOD: Qualitative study through analysis of content of interviews with experts on the theme in order to develop the proposed script. Of the 24 invited experts, 12 specialists from educational institutions in Brazil and abroad participated in the study in compliance with the ethical precepts. The experts responded to questions on the characterization of their study attributes and described the items required for the development of a simulated scenario...
April 10, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
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