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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110384/compass-systems
#1
Nikita Chernetsov
Three compass systems based on global cues known to exist in migrating birds are reviewed. Two of these systems are based on celestial cues, a time-dependent sun compass and time-independent, i.e. not involving the internal clock, star compass. The third system is the magnetic compass, based on a separate sensory modality, which currently attracts much attention from behavioural ecologists, physiologists and physicists. The complex pattern of hierarchy and interactions between these compass systems is briefly discussed...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109629/the-pharmacist-s-role-in-overdose-using-mapping-technologies-to-analyze-naloxone-and-pharmacy-distribution
#2
Allison Burrell, Laken Ethun, Jaime Allen Fawcett, Sherry Rickard-Aasen, Karl Williams, Shannon M Kearney, Janice L Pringle
OBJECTIVES: To present preliminary research using geographic information system (GIS) mapping as a tool that can be integrated into pharmacy practice to increase access to and utilization of pharmacy-based interventions, including the distribution of naloxone. METHODS: Overdose death data was collected from medical examiner reports in an online database, and pharmacies carrying and distributing naloxone were determined by ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) in Allegheny County, PA...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109596/genotype-by-environment-climate-interaction-improves-genomic-prediction-for-production-traits-in-us-holstein-cattle
#3
F Tiezzi, G de Los Campos, K L Parker Gaddis, C Maltecca
Genotype by environment interaction (G × E) in dairy cattle productive traits has been shown to exist, but current genetic evaluation methods do not take this component into account. As several environmental descriptors (e.g., climate, farming system) are known to vary within the United States, not accounting for the G × E could lead to reranking of bulls and loss in genetic gain. Using test-day records on milk yield, somatic cell score, fat, and protein percentage from all over the United States, we computed within herd-year-season daughter-yield deviations for 1,087 Holstein bulls and regressed them on genetic and environmental information to estimate variance components and to assess prediction accuracy...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105701/climate-change-and-alpine-stream-biology-progress-challenges-and-opportunities-for-the-future
#4
Scott Hotaling, Debra S Finn, J Joseph Giersch, David W Weisrock, Dean Jacobsen
In alpine regions worldwide, climate change is dramatically altering ecosystems and affecting biodiversity in many ways. For streams, receding alpine glaciers and snowfields, paired with altered precipitation regimes, are driving shifts in hydrology, species distributions, basal resources, and threatening the very existence of some habitats and biota. Alpine streams harbour substantial species and genetic diversity due to significant habitat insularity and environmental heterogeneity. Climate change is expected to affect alpine stream biodiversity across many levels of biological resolution from micro- to macroscopic organisms and genes to communities...
January 20, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105585/how-feasible-is-multiple-time-point-web-based-data-collection-with-individuals-experiencing-street-homelessness
#5
Karin M Eyrich-Garg, Shadiya L Moss
Three barriers investigators often encounter when conducting longitudinal work with homeless or other marginalized populations are difficulty tracking participants, high rates of no-shows for follow-up interviews, and high rates of loss to follow-up. Recent research has shown that homeless populations have substantial access to information technologies, including mobile devices and computers. These technologies have the potential both to make longitudinal data collection with homeless populations easier and to minimize some of these methodological challenges...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105299/geographic-variation-in-selected-hospital-procedures-and-services-in-the-israeli-health-care-system
#6
Joseph Mendlovic, Ethel-Sherry Gordon, Ziona Haklai, Jill Meron, Arnon Afek
BACKGROUND: Medical practice variation refers to differences in health service utilization among regions in the same country. It is used as a tool for studying health inequities. In 2011, the OECD launched a Medical Practice Variation Project which examines regional differences within countries and explores the sources of the inter-regional differences. The aim of this study is to examine the patterns and trends in geographic variation for selected health services in Israel. METHODS: The analysis is based on data from the National Hospital Discharges Database (NHDD) of the Israeli Ministry of Health...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103842/one-size-doesn-t-fit-all-cross-sectional-associations-between-neighborhood-walkability-crime-and-physical-activity-depends-on-age-and-sex-of-residents
#7
Andrea S Richardson, Wendy M Troxel, Madhumita B Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Gerald P Hunter, Amy S DeSantis, Natalie Colabianchi, Tamara Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Low-income African American adults are disproportionately affected by obesity and are also least likely to engage in recommended levels of physical activity (Flegal et al. JAMA 303(3):235-41, 2010; Tucker et al. Am J Prev Med 40(4):454-61, 2011). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is an important factor for weight management and control, as well as for reducing disease risk (Andersen et al. Lancet 368(9532):299-304, 2006; Boreham and Riddoch J Sports Sci 19(12):915-29, 2001; Carson et al...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103456/health-inequalities-in-diabetes-mellitus-and-hypertension-a-parish-level-study-in-the-northern-region-of-portugal
#8
Teresa Leao, Julian Perelman, Manuela Felício, Vasco Machado, Graça Lima
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes and hypertension are highly prevalent conditions in Portugal. Little is known about the geographical and social patterning of these diseases, which precludes the design of targeted health policies. This study aimed to measure the geographical and socioeconomic distribution of type 2 diabetes and hypertension prevalence in the population resident in the Northern region of Portugal, for the year 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An ecological correlation study analyzed the 2,028 parishes of the region...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092965/a-national-analysis-of-dental-waiting-lists-and-point-in-time-geographic-access-to-subsidised-dental-care-can-geographic-access-be-improved-by-offering-public-dental-care-through-private-dental-clinics
#9
Yevgeni Dudko, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
INTRODUCTION: Australia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, with a population concentrated on or around coastal areas. Up to 33% of the Australian population are likely to have untreated dental decay, while people with inadequate dentition (fewer than 21 teeth) account for up to 34% of Australian adults. Historically, inadequate access to public dental care has resulted in long waiting lists, received much media coverage and been the subject of a new federal and state initiative...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091725/genetic-polymorphism-investigation-of-the-chinese-yi-minority-using-powerplex%C3%A2-y23-str-amplification-system
#10
GuangLin He, PengYu Chen, Xing Zou, Xu Chen, Feng Song, Jing Yan, YiPing Hou
Twenty-three Y-STR loci (DYS576, DYS389I, DYS389 II, DYS448, DYS19, DYS391, DYS481, DYS549, DYS533, DYS438, DYS437, DYS570, DYS635, DYS390, DYS439, DYS392, DYS393, DYS458 DYS456, DYS643, Y-GATA-H4, and DYS385a/b) included in the next-generation PowerPlex® Y23 System were first investigated in 311 unrelated, healthy male individuals from the Yi minority population residing in the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, China. A total of 179 alleles and 297 haplotypes were discovered in the Yi group. In total, 285 haplotypes among them were unique, and the remaining 12 haplotypes were observed in two or three individuals...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091341/correlation-between-infectious-disease-and-soil-radiation-in-japan-an-exploratory-study-using-national-sentinel-surveillance-data
#11
S Inaida, T Tsuda, S Matsuno
We investigated the relationship between epidemics and soil radiation through an exploratory study using sentinel surveillance data (individuals aged <20 years) during the last three epidemic seasons of influenza and norovirus in Japan. We used a spatial analysis method of a geographical information system (GIS). We mapped the epidemic spreading patterns from sentinel incidence rates. We calculated the average soil radiation [dm (μGy/h)] for each sentinel site using data on uranium, thorium, and potassium oxide in the soil and examined the incidence rate in units of 0·01 μGy/h...
January 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091336/who-are-the-patients-that-default-tuberculosis-treatment-space-matters
#12
C Nunes, R Duarte, A M Veiga, B Taylor
The goals of this article are: (i) to understand how individual characteristics affect the likelihood of patients defaulting their pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) treatment regimens; (ii) to quantify the predictive capacity of these risk factors; and (iii) to quantify and map spatial variation in the risk of defaulting. We used logistic regression models and generalized additive models with a spatial component to determine the odds of default across continental Portugal. We focused on new PTB cases, diagnosed between 2000 and 2013, and included some individual information (sex, age, residence area, alcohol abuse, intravenous drug use, homelessness, HIV, imprisonment status)...
January 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081507/occurrence-fate-and-environmental-risk-of-linear-alkylbenzene-sulfonate-in-the-langat-and-selangor-river-basins-malaysia
#13
Nobumitsu Sakai, Junichi Shirasaka, Yasuto Matsui, Mohd Redzuan Ramli, Kousuke Yoshida, Mustafa Ali Mohd, Minoru Yoneda
Five homologs (C10-C14) of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) were quantitated in surface water collected in the Langat and Selangor River basins using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). A geographic information system (GIS) was used to spatially analyze the occurrence of LAS in both river basins, and the LAS contamination associated with the population was elucidated by spatial analysis at a sub-basin level. The LAS concentrations in the dissolved phase (<0.45 μm) and 4 fractions separated by particle size (<0...
December 31, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077095/geographic-information-system-for-improving-maternal-and-newborn-health-recommendations-for-policy-and-programs
#14
Yordanos B Molla, Barbara Rawlins, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Marc Cunningham, Juan Eugenio Hernández Ávila, Corrine Warren Ruktanonchai, Kavita Singh, Sylvia Alford, Mira Thompson, Vikas Dwivedi, Allisyn C Moran, Zoe Matthews
This correspondence argues and offers recommendations for how Geographic Information System (GIS) applied to maternal and newborn health data could potentially be used as part of the broader efforts for ending preventable maternal and newborn mortality. These recommendations were generated from a technical consultation on reporting and mapping maternal deaths that was held in Washington, DC from January 12 to 13, 2015 and hosted by the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) global Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP)...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074399/evaluating-the-impact-of-lower-resolutions-of-digital-elevation-model-on-rainfall-runoff-modeling-for-ungauged-catchments
#15
Abul Razzaq Ghumman, Ibrahim Saleh Al-Salamah, Saleem Saleh AlSaleem, Husnain Haider
Geomorphological instantaneous unit hydrograph (GIUH) usually uses geomorphologic parameters of catchment estimated from digital elevation model (DEM) for rainfall-runoff modeling of ungauged watersheds with limited data. Higher resolutions (e.g., 5 or 10 m) of DEM play an important role in the accuracy of rainfall-runoff models; however, such resolutions are expansive to obtain and require much greater efforts and time for preparation of inputs. In this research, a modeling framework is developed to evaluate the impact of lower resolutions (i...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069989/incomplete-diagnostic-follow-up-after-a-positive-colorectal-cancer-screening-test-a-systematic-review
#16
A R H Dalton
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using faecal occult blood or faecal immunological testing (FOBT/FIT) involves completion of a screening test-then if required a follow-up diagnostic test. METHODS: A systematic review, of EMBASE, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar, of studies up to 2016. Studies explored characteristics behind, reasons for and interventions to reduce incomplete diagnostic testing after a positive FOBT/FIT in CRC screening...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069633/population-level-genetic-variation-and-climate-change-in-a-biodiversity-hotspot
#17
REVIEW
Kristina A Schierenbeck
INTRODUCTION: Estimated future climate scenarios can be used to predict where hotspots of endemism may occur over the next century, but life history, ecological and genetic traits will be important in informing the varying responses within myriad taxa. Essential to predicting the consequences of climate change to individual species will be an understanding of the factors that drive genetic structure within and among populations. Here, I review the factors that influence the genetic structure of plant species in California, but are applicable elsewhere; existing levels of genetic variation, life history and ecological characteristics will affect the ability of an individual taxon to persist in the presence of anthropogenic change...
January 9, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068339/effect-of-climatic-factors-and-population-density-on-the-distribution-of-dengue-in-sri-lanka-a-gis-based-evaluation-for-prediction-of-outbreaks
#18
Pdnn Sirisena, Faseeha Noordeen, Harithra Kurukulasuriya, Thanuja Alar Romesh, LakKumar Fernando
Dengue is one of the major hurdles to the public health in Sri Lanka, causing high morbidity and mortality. The present study focuses on the use of geographical information systems (GIS) to map and evaluate the spatial and temporal distribution of dengue in Sri Lanka from 2009 to 2014 and to elucidate the association of climatic factors with dengue incidence. Epidemiological, population and meteorological data were collected from the Epidemiology Unit, Department of Census and Statistics and the Department of Meteorology of Sri Lanka...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064169/potentially-inappropriate-medication-prescribing-is-associated-with-socioeconomic-factors-a-spatial-analysis-in-the-french-nord-pas-de-calais-region
#19
Jean-Baptiste Beuscart, Michael Genin, Corrine Dupont, David Verloop, Alain Duhamel, Marguerite-Marie Defebvre, François Puisieux
BACKGROUND: potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) prescribing is common in older people and leads to adverse events and hospital admissions. OBJECTIVE: to determine whether prevalence of PIM prescribing varies according to healthcare supply and socioeconomic status. METHODS: all prescriptions dispensed at community pharmacies for patients aged 75 and older between 1 January  and 31 March 2012 were retrieved from French Health Insurance Information System of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Region for patients affiliated to the Social Security scheme...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061370/fine-particulate-air-pollution-and-premature-ventricular-contractions-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-study
#20
Wesley T O'Neal, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jimmy T Efird, Virginia J Howard, George Howard, Leslie A McClure
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if higher levels of ambient particulate matter (PM) exposure increase the risk for premature ventricular contractions (PVC) in a population-based study of men and women, and if this relationship varies by race or sex. METHODS: We examined the association of PM <2.5µm in diameter (PM2.5) concentration with PVCs in 26,121 (mean age=64±9.3 years; 55% female; 41% black) participants from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study...
January 3, 2017: Environmental Research
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