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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316972/prediction-of-pig-trade-movements-in-different-european-production-systems-using-exponential-random-graph-models
#1
Anne Relun, Vladimir Grosbois, Tsviatko Alexandrov, Jose M Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Agnes Waret-Szkuta, Sophie Molia, Eric Marcel Charles Etter, Beatriz Martínez-López
In most European countries, data regarding movements of live animals are routinely collected and can greatly aid predictive epidemic modeling. However, the use of complete movements' dataset to conduct policy-relevant predictions has been so far limited by the massive amount of data that have to be processed (e.g., in intensive commercial systems) or the restricted availability of timely and updated records on animal movements (e.g., in areas where small-scale or extensive production is predominant). The aim of this study was to use exponential random graph models (ERGMs) to reproduce, understand, and predict pig trade networks in different European production systems...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300969/rat-infestation-associated-with-environmental-deficiencies-in-an-urban-slum-community-with-high-risk-of-leptospirosis-transmission
#2
Norlan de Jesus Santos, Erica Sousa, Mitermayer G Reis, Albert I Ko, Federico Costa
We analyzed environmental factors that provide food, water and harborage to rodents and the risk of household rodent infestation in a slum community with a high risk of leptospirosis transmission. Detailed environmental surveys were performed in 221 households. Multivariate regression models evaluated the association between rodent infestation and socioeconomic status and environmental attributes obtained from Geographical Information System surveys. The general household infestation rate was 45.9%. Rattus norvegicus signs were the most prevalent, present in 74% of the infested households...
March 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293283/-making-the-mentally-ill-count-lessons-from-a-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-for-people-with-mental-and-neurological-disorders-in-the-kintampo-districts-of-ghana
#3
Kenneth A Ae-Ngibise, Edward Adiibokah, Obed Ernest A Nettey, Solomon Nyame, Victor Christian Korley Doku, Kwaku Poku Asante, Seth Owusu-Agyei
BACKGROUND: Persons with mental and neurological disorders (PMNDs) are among the most marginalised groups in developing countries, as they are socially excluded and overlooked in most developmental efforts. Due to high levels of stigma and other operational difficulties, PMNDs are often marginalised in routine enumeration exercises. Health and Demographic Surveillance System is an important public health research platform especially in countries that lacks reliable data systems, as it registers and monitor basic demographic and health events such as births, deaths and migration in a geographically defined population...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291805/socioeconomic-factors-associated-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-jamaica
#4
Debbie S Thompson, Novie Younger-Coleman, Parris Lyew-Ayee, Lisa-Gaye Greene, Michael S Boyne, Terrence E Forrester
OBJECTIVES: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is an important risk factor for illness and death globally, contributing to more than half of deaths in children worldwide. We hypothesized that SAM is positively correlated to poverty, low educational attainment, major crime and higher mean soil concentrations of lead, cadmium and arsenic. METHODS: We reviewed admission records of infants admitted with a diagnosis of SAM over 14 years (2000-2013) in Jamaica. Poverty index, educational attainment, major crime and environmental heavy metal exposure were represented in a Geographic Information System (GIS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291450/establishing-a-joint-theater-trauma-system-during-phase-zero-operations
#5
Jennifer J Walker, Zsolt T Stockinger, Colin G Chinn
OBJECTIVES: Military personnel risk injury due to accidents, disasters, and military threats during Phase Zero "shaping" operations. Medical facilities must be poised to respond. METHODS: The U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM) Area of Responsibility (AOR) covers more than 50% of the earth's surface; relevant Clinical Practice Guidelines must include the maritime setting and extended evacuation periods. Military hospitals in the region are not connected by a defined Trauma System...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287808/travel-burden-and-clinical-profile-of-cancer-patients-admitted-to-the-cancer-institute-of-iran-in-2012
#6
Fatemeh Sadeghi, Atefeh Ardestani, Maryam Hadji, Mohammad Ali Mohagheghi, Ali Kazemian, Mehrzad Mirzania, Habibollah Mahmoodzadeh, Mahdi Aghili, Kazem Zendehdel
BACKGROUND: Burden of cancer is increasing in developing countries, where healthcare infrastructures and resources are limited. Evaluating the pattern of care would provide evidence for planning and improvement of the situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied the pattern of residential place and clinical information of cancer patients who were admitted to the Cancer Institute of Iran from January 1, to May 31, 2012. RESULTS: We studied 1,705 consecutive cancer patients admitted to the Cancer Institute in the study period...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284944/citizen-sensor-networks-to-confront-government-decision-makers-two-lessons-from-the-netherlands
#7
Linda Carton, Peter Ache
This paper presents one emerging social-technical innovation: The evolution of citizen-sensor-networks where citizens organize themselves from the 'bottom up', for the sake of confronting governance officials with measured information about environmental qualities. We have observed how citizen-sensor-networks have been initiated in the Netherlands in cases where official government monitoring and business organizations leave gaps. The formed citizen-sensor-networks collect information about issues that affect the local community in their quality-of-living...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283120/estimating-the-prevalence-of-toxic-waste-sites-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Russell Dowling, Jack Caravanos, Patrick Grigsby, Anthony Rivera, Bret Ericson, Yaw Amoyaw-Osei, Bennett Akuffo, Richard Fuller
BACKGROUND: Exposure to heavy metals at contaminated industrial and mining sites, known also as hot spots, is a significant source of toxic exposure and adverse health outcomes in countries around the world. The Toxic Sites Identification Program (TSIP) developed by Pure Earth, a New York-based nongovernmental organization, is the only systematic effort to catalogue contaminated sites globally. To date, TSIP has identified and catalogued 3282 sites in low- and middle-income countries...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280351/regional-variation-in-post-stroke-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-care-among-veteran-residents-in-community-nursing-homes
#9
Huanguang Jia, Qinglin Pei, Charles T Sullivan, Diane C Cowper Ripley, Samuel S Wu, W Bruce Vogel, Xinping Wang, Douglas E Bidelspach, Jennifer L Hale-Gallardo, Barbara E Bates
INTRODUCTION: Effective post-acute multidisciplinary rehabilitation therapy improves stroke survivors' functional recovery and daily living activities. The US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) places veterans needing post-acute institutional care in private community nursing homes (CNHs). These placements are made under the same rules and regulations across the VA health care system and through individual per diem contracts between local VA facilities and CNHs. However, there is limited information about utilization of these veterans' health services as well as the geographic variation of the service utilization...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279622/comorbidity-and-coexisting-symptoms-and-infections-presented-in-general-practice-by-copd-patients-does-livestock-density-in-the-residential-environment-play-a-role
#10
Christos Baliatsas, Floor Borlée, Christel E van Dijk, Baukje van der Star, Jan-Paul Zock, Lidwien A M Smit, Peter Spreeuwenberg, Dick Heederik, C Joris Yzermans
OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) constitute a potentially susceptible group towards environmental exposures such as livestock farm emissions, given their compromised respiratory health status. The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between livestock exposure and comorbidities and coexisting symptoms and infections in COPD patients. METHODS: Data were collected from 1828 COPD patients (without co-occurring asthma) registered in 23 general practices and living in a rural area with a high livestock density...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275449/epidemiology-of-hiv-programmatic-progress-and-gaps-in-last-10-years-in-nepal
#11
EDITORIAL
Tarun Paudel, Nihal Singh, Megha Raj Banjara, Sambhu Prasad Kafle, Yadu Chandra Ghimire, Bhesh Raj Pokharel, Bir Bahadur Rawal, Komal Badal, Madhav Chaulagain, Razia Pendse, Prakash Ghimire
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nepal has made progress with the control of HIV infection in recent years. There have been changes in epidemiology, programme interventions in different population groups, and changes in policies over the last 10 years, particularly in diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, this review was conducted to identify the effectiveness of different interventions/policies in different sub-populations at risk, targeted towards epidemiology and treatment outcomes for those with HIV infection in Nepal...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274729/food-group-consumption-in-an-italian-population-using-the-updated-food-classification-system-foodex2-results-from-the-italian-nutrition-health-survey-inhes-study
#12
G Pounis, A Bonanni, E Ruggiero, A Di Castelnuovo, S Costanzo, M Persichillo, M Bonaccio, C Cerletti, G Riccardi, M B Donati, G de Gaetano, L Iacoviello
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dietary habits evolve over time, being influenced by many factors and complex interactions. This work aimed at evaluating the updated information on food group consumption in Italy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 8944 (4768 women and 4176 men) participants aged >18 years from all over Italy recruited in 2010-13 (Italian Nutrition & HEalth Survey, INHES) was analyzed. The recruitment was performed using computer-assisted-telephone-interviewing and one-day 24-h dietary recall retrieved from all participants...
January 18, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274391/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-population-affected-by-a-severe-flood
#13
A Fontalba-Navas, M E Lucas-Borja, V Gil-Aguilar, J P Arrebola, J M Pena-Andreu, J Perez
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in people who resided in an affected area by an extremely severe flood, and sociodemographic risk factors associated with this condition. STUDY DESIGN: A geographic information system (GIS) was used to distribute the rainfall data. A case-control study was developed to study the relationship between PTSD and sociodemographic risk factors. METHODS: To delineate the areas affected by the flood and the intensity of this rainfall in comparison with historical hydrological data, we employed geographical information systems (GIS)...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272334/improving-the-accuracy-of-urban-environmental-quality-assessment-using-geographically-weighted-regression-techniques
#14
Kamil Faisal, Ahmed Shaker
Urban Environmental Quality (UEQ) can be treated as a generic indicator that objectively represents the physical and socio-economic condition of the urban and built environment. The value of UEQ illustrates a sense of satisfaction to its population through assessing different environmental, urban and socio-economic parameters. This paper elucidates the use of the Geographic Information System (GIS), Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Geographically-Weighted Regression (GWR) techniques to integrate various parameters and estimate the UEQ of two major cities in Ontario, Canada...
March 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270464/i-ll-see-you-in-court%C3%A2-again-psychopathology-and-hyperlitigious-litigants
#15
C Adam Coffey, Stanley L Brodsky, David M Sams
Persistent litigation is a problem in many legal jurisdictions and is costly at individual and systemic levels. This phenomenon is referred to as "querulous" behavior in psychiatric literature, whereas legal discourse refers to it as "vexatious litigation." We refer to this phenomenon as "hyperlitigious behavior" and those who engage in these actions as "hyperlitigious litigants." Hyperlitigious litigants and hyperlitigious behavior were once the focus of a considerable amount of psychiatric literature, but research devoted to these topics has declined over the past half century...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270256/socioeconomic-status-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-a-population-based-canadian-sample
#16
Emily E Campbell, Jason Gilliland, Paula D N Dworatzek, Barbra De Vrijer, Debbie Penava, Jamie A Seabrook
This study assessed the strength of the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB) in Southwestern Ontario. Utilizing perinatal and neonatal databases at the London Health Science Centre, maternal postal codes were entered into a Geographic Information System to determine home neighbourhoods. Neighbourhoods were defined by dissemination areas (DAs). Median household income for each DA was extracted from the latest Canadian Census and linked to each mother...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264668/implementing-and-sustaining-a-mobile-medical-clinic-for-prenatal-care-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-in-rural-mysore-india
#17
Noah Kojima, Karl Krupp, Kavitha Ravi, Savitha Gowda, Poornima Jaykrishna, Caitlyn Leonardson-Placek, Anand Siddhaiah, Claire C Bristow, Anjali Arun, Jeffrey D Klausner, Purnima Madhivanan
BACKGROUND: In rural India, mobile medical clinics are useful models for delivering health promotion, education, and care. Mobile medical clinics use fewer providers for larger catchment areas compared to traditional clinic models in resource limited settings, which is especially useful in areas with shortages of healthcare providers and a wide geographical distribution of patients. METHODS: From 2008 to 2011, we built infrastructure to implement a mobile clinic system to educate rural communities about maternal child health, train community health workers in common safe birthing procedures, and provide comprehensive antenatal care, prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and testing for specific infections in a large rural catchment area of pregnant women in rural Mysore...
March 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264581/-assessing-health-care-accessibility-in-the-czech-republic
#18
Luděk Šídlo, Martin Novák, Přemysl Štych, Boris Burcin
The article looks at the accessibility of health care in the Czech republic in relation to the relevant legislation. Health care access is a frequently debated issue, but quantifying it is a difficult task. There are no official regulations in our country for determining the capacity of health care workers by category and type of health care provision that could be used to ensure health care is accessible to the inhabitants of a given region. Nonetheless, a government regulation came into force in 2013 regulating local health care access and travel time...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264273/trends-in-new-species-discovery-of-orthoptera-insecta-from-southeast-asia
#19
Ming Kai Tan, Jihea Choi, Nivedita Shankar
The orthopterans are diverse insects and play important roles in the ecosystem as well as having "love-hate relationship" with humans. Documentation of diversity in Southeast Asia has long history but remains incomplete. Using information of type specimens and Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques, we investigated the following questions on new species discovery for the region, specifically: (1) How are new species discoveries of orthopterans distributed in Southeast Asia? (2) How have new species discoveries changed with time? (3) How do new species discoveries relate to the countries of the type depositories? We found that new species discoveries, relative to sampling, are fragmentary in Southeast Asia and changes with different time periods...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263423/hydrological-niche-models-predict-water-plant-functional-group-distributions-in-diverse-wetland-types
#20
David C Deane, Jason M Nicol, Susan L Gehrig, Claire Harding, Kane T Aldridge, Abigail M Goodman, Justin D Brookes
Human use of water resources threatens environmental water supplies. If resource managers are to develop policies that avoid unacceptable ecological impacts, some means to predict ecosystem response to changes in water availability is necessary. This is difficult to achieve at spatial-scales relevant for water resource management because of the high natural variability in ecosystem hydrology and ecology. Water plant functional groups classify species with similar hydrological niche preferences together, allowing a qualitative means to generalise community responses to changes in hydrology...
March 6, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
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