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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150717/genetic-diversity-and-phylogenetic-study-of-the-chinese-gelao-ethnic-minority-via-23-y-str-loci
#1
Pengyu Chen, Yanyan Han, Guanglin He, Haibo Luo, Tianzhen Gao, Feng Song, Dengfu Wan, Jian Yu, Yiping Hou
Haplotype diversity for 23 Y chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci included in the PowerPlex(®) Y23 System was analyzed in the Chinese Gelao minority group of 234 unrelated males living in Daozhen Gelao-Miao Autonomous County in Guizhou Province, southwest China. A total of 216 different haplotypes were detected, of which 199 haplotypes were unique. The overall haplotype diversity (HD) and discrimination capacity (DC) were 0.9996 and 0.9231, respectively. The gene diversity (GD) ranged from 0.4159 (DYS438) to 0...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150183/genetic-analysis-of-29-y-str-loci-in-the-chinese-han-population-from-shanghai
#2
Yuxiang Zhou, Chengchen Shao, Liming Li, Yaqi Zhang, Baonian Liu, Qinrui Yang, Qiqun Tang, Shilin Li, Jianhui Xie
The analysis of Y chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) provides important information that can be used to forensic investigation and population studies. In this study, typing of 29 Y-STRs included in the PowerPlex(®) Y23 system (PPY23) and Yfiler™ Plus system (Yfiler plus) was performed on 843 unrelated male samples from Han population in Shanghai. Besides null, duplicate, and intermediate alleles reported in previous studies, an allele of 10 at DYS643 with a 2-base deletion in the flanking region was initially observed...
November 11, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149474/interventions-for-old-world-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#3
REVIEW
Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Mariona Pinart, Patricia Lopez Pereira, Emely Garcia-Carrasco, Pedro Campuzano Cuadrado, Ana Royuela, Irene Mendez Roman, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by a parasitic infection, is considered one of the most serious skin diseases in many low- and middle-income countries. Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (OWCL) is caused by species found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India. The most commonly prescribed treatments are antimonials, but other drugs have been used with varying success. As OWCL tends to heal spontaneously, it is necessary to justify the use of systemic and topical treatments...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149315/a-cross-sectional-study-of-malaria-endemicity-and-health-system-readiness-to-deliver-services-in-kenya-namibia-and-senegal
#4
Elizabeth H Lee, Cara H Olsen, Tracey Koehlmoos, Penny Masuoka, Ann Stewart, Jason W Bennett, James Mancuso
Despite good progress towards elimination, malaria continues to contribute substantially to the sub-Saharan African disease burden. Sustaining previous gains requires continued readiness to deliver malaria services in response to actual disease burden, which in turn contributes to health systems strengthening. This study investigates a health system innovation. We examined whether malaria prevalence, or endemicity, is a driver of health facility readiness to deliver malaria services. To estimate this association, we geo-linked cross-sectional facility survey data to endemicity data for Kenya, Namibia and Senegal...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144284/integrated-assessment-and-scenarios-simulation-of-urban-water-security-system-in-the-southwest-of-china-with-system-dynamics-analysis
#5
Su Yin, Guan Dongjie, Su Weici, Gao Weijun
The demand for global freshwater is growing, while global freshwater available for human use is limited within a certain time and space. Its security has significant impacts on both the socio-economic system and ecological system. Recently, studies have focused on the urban water security system (UWSS) in terms of either water quantity or water quality. In this study, water resources, water environment, and water disaster issues in the UWSS were combined to establish an evaluation index system with system dynamics (SD) and geographic information systems (GIS)...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144076/the-let-s-beat-the-bug-campaign-a-statewide-active-public-education-against-bed-bugs-in-minnesota
#6
Amelia K Shindelar
Bed bugs continue to affect society and place a burden on public health systems. Experiences of the Let’s Beat the Bug! campaign are presented to help information networks prepare personnel to effectively address questions about this pest. Following recommendations from the Minnesota state bed bug working group, an information line was established and the Web site (www.bedbugs.umn.edu) was revised. Data from both services were analyzed by geographic region and type of information requested. InformationLine primarily assisted people who had issues dealing with failed treatments and landlord reluctance to take effective measures against this pest...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141802/examining-the-contributions-of-environmental-quality-to-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Amy M Lavery, Amy T Waldman, T Charles Casper, Shelly Roalstad, Meghan Candee, John Rose, Anita Belman, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Greg Aaen, Jan-Mendelt Tillema, Moses Rodriguez, Jayne Ness, Yolanda Harris, Jennifer Graves, Lauren Krupp, Leslie Benson, Mark Gorman, Manikum Moodley, Mary Rensel, Manu Goyal, Soe Mar, Tanuja Chitnis, Teri Schreiner, Tim Lotze, Benjamin Greenberg, Ilana Kahn, Jennifer Rubin, Emmanuelle Waubant
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a presumed autoimmune disease caused by genetic and environmental factors. It is hypothesized that environmental exposures (such as air and water quality) trigger the innate immune response thereby activating a pro-inflammatory cascade. OBJECTIVE: To examine potential environmental factors in pediatric MS using geographic information systems (GIS). METHODS: Pediatric MS cases and healthy controls were identified as part of an ongoing multicenter case-control study...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141341/-spatial-temporal-distribution-of-smear-positive-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-liangshan-yi-autonomous-prefecture-sichuan-province-2011-2016
#8
T Li, C H Yang, J G He, Y K Li, Y Xiao, J Li, D X Wang, C Chen, J L Wu
Objective: To analyze the spatial and temporal distribution of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture in Sichuan province from 2011 to 2016. Methods: The registration data of PTB in 618 townships of Liangshan from 2011 to 2016 were collected from "Tuberculosis Management Information System of National Disease Prevention and Control Information System" . Software ArcGIS 10.2 was used to establish the geographic information database and realize the visualization of the analysis results...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141338/-spatial-and-temporal-clustering-characteristics-of-typhoid-and-paratyphoid-fever-and-its-change-pattern-in-3-provinces-in-southwestern-china-2001-2012
#9
L X Wang, B Yang, M Y Yan, Y Q Tang, Z C Liu, R Q Wang, S Li, L Ma, B Kan
Objective: To analyze the spatial and temporal clustering characteristics of typhoid and paratyphoid fever and its change pattern in Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi provinces in southwestern China in recent years. Methods: The incidence data of typhoid and paratyphoid fever cases at county level in 3 provinces during 2001-2012 were collected from China Information System for Diseases Control and Prevention and analyzed by the methods of descriptive epidemiology and geographic informatics. And the map showing the spatial and temporal clustering characters of typhoid and paratyphoid fever cases in three provinces was drawn...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137672/the-primary-health-care-in-the-emirate-of-abu-dhabi-are-they-aligned-with-the-chronic-care-model-elements
#10
Marília Silva Paulo, Tom Loney, Luís Velez Lapão
BACKGROUND: Abu Dhabi is the capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the largest of the seven emirates in terms of land mass and population. Abu Dhabi emirate has three different geographical regions: the Central Capital District, the Eastern Region, and the Western Region. The health system has been regulated by the Health Authority - Abu Dhabi (HAAD), and has been provided by the Abu Dhabi Health Services Company (SEHA), since 2007. The UAE has a high population-burden of morbidity and mortality related to chronic diseases...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132636/systematic-data-ingratiation-of-clinical-trial-recruitment-locations-for-geographic-based-query-and-visualization
#11
Jake Luo, Weiheng Chen, Min Wu, Chunhua Weng
BACKGROUND: Prior studies of clinical trial planning indicate that it is crucial to search and screen recruitment sites before starting to enroll participants. However, currently there is no systematic method developed to support clinical investigators to search candidate recruitment sites according to their interested clinical trial factors. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim at developing a new approach to integrating the location data of over one million heterogeneous recruitment sites that are stored in clinical trial documents...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131339/geographic-disparities-in-access-to-nursing-home-services-assessing-fiscal-stress-and-quality-of-care
#12
Young Joo Park, Erika G Martin
OBJECTIVE: We test whether nursing homes serving predominately low-income and racial minority residents (compositional explanation) or located in neighborhoods with higher concentrations of low-income and racial minority residents (contextual explanation) have worse financial outcomes and care quality. DATA SOURCES: Healthcare Cost Report Information System, Nursing Home Compare, Online Survey Certification and Reporting Certification, and American Community Survey...
November 12, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128881/disparities-in-geographic-accessibility-of-national-cancer-institute-cancer-centers-in-the-united-states
#13
Yanqing Xu, Cong Fu, Tracy Onega, Xun Shi, Fahui Wang
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Cancer Centers form the backbone of the cancer care system in the United States since their inception in the early 1970s. Most studies on their geographic accessibility used primitive measures, and did not examine the disparities across urbanicity or demographic groups. This research uses an advanced accessibility method, termed "2-step floating catchment area (2SFCA)" and implemented in Geographic Information Systems (GIS), to capture the degree of geographic access to NCI Cancer Centers by accounting for competition intensity for the services and travel time between residents and the facilities...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126886/platinum-palladium-rhodium-molybdenum-and-strontium-in-blood-of-urban-women-in-nine-countries
#14
Gerda Rentschler, Ilia Rodushkin, Milena Cerna, Chunying Chen, Florencia Harari, Raúl Harari, Milena Horvat, Frantiska Hruba, Lucie Kasparova, Kvetoslava Koppova, Andrea Krskova, Mladen Krsnik, Jawhar Laamech, Yu-Feng Li, Lina Löfmark, Thomas Lundh, Nils-Göran Lundström, Badiaa Lyoussi, Darja Mazej, Josko Osredkar, Krystyna Pawlas, Natalia Pawlas, Adam Prokopowicz, Staffan Skerfving, Janja Snoj Tratnik, Vera Spevackova, Zdravko Spiric, Anneli Sundkvist, Ulf Strömberg, Drazenka Vadla, Katerina Wranova, Soumia Zizi, Ingvar A Bergdahl
BACKGROUND: There is little reliable information on human exposure to the metals platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd) and rhodium (Rh), despite their use in enormous quantities in catalytic converters for automobile exhaust systems. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate blood concentrations of Pt (B-Pt), Pd (B-Pd) and Rh (B-Rh) in women from six European and three non-European countries, and to identify potentially influential factors. In addition, molybdenum (Mo) and strontium (Sr) were analysed...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125585/estimation-and-evaluation-of-future-demand-and-supply-of-healthcare-services-based-on-a-patient-access-area-model
#15
Shunsuke Doi, Hiroo Ide, Koichi Takeuchi, Shinsuke Fujita, Katsuhiko Takabayashi
Accessibility to healthcare service providers, the quantity, and the quality of them are important for national health. In this study, we focused on geographic accessibility to estimate and evaluate future demand and supply of healthcare services. We constructed a simulation model called the patient access area model (PAAM), which simulates patients' access time to healthcare service institutions using a geographic information system (GIS). Using this model, to evaluate the balance of future healthcare services demand and supply in small areas, we estimated the number of inpatients every five years in each area and compared it with the number of hospital beds within a one-hour drive from each area...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125556/integration-of-gis-electromagnetic-and-electrical-methods-in-the-delimitation-of-groundwater-polluted-by-effluent-discharge-salamanca-spain-a-case-study
#16
Rubén Vidal Montes, Antonio Miguel Martínez-Graña, José Ramón Martínez Catalán, Puy Ayarza Arribas, Francisco Javier Sánchez San Román, Caridad Zazo
The present work envisages the possible geometry of a contaminated plume of groundwater near hospital facilities by combining GIS (Geographic Information System) and geophysical methods. The rock underlying the soil and thin sedimentary cover of the study area is moderately fractured quartzite, which makes aquifers vulnerable to pollution. The GIS methodology is used to calculate the area that would be affected by the effluent source of residual water, based on algorithms that consider ground surface mapping (slopes, orientations, accumulated costs and cost per distance)...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124637/large-scale-geographic-patterns-of-mercury-contamination-in-morocco-revealed-by-freshwater-turtles
#17
Tahar Slimani, Mohamed Said El Hassani, El Hassan El Mouden, Marine Bonnet, Paco Bustamante, François Brischoux, Maud Brault-Favrou, Xavier Bonnet
Mercury (Hg) is a toxic contaminant present in most aquatic ecosystems. High concentrations pose serious threats to organisms and to human health. Because previous studies focused on few countries, environmental hazard due to Hg contamination remains obscure in many geographic areas, and for example limited information is available in North Africa. We examined total Hg contamination in 13 sites in Morocco (12 rivers and one lake) spread over a large area, 400 km north-south and 350 km west-east, that encompasses different biogeographic zones separated by the Atlas Mountains...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118849/examining-the-need-potential-for-biomedical-engineering-to-strengthen-health-care-delivery-for-displaced-populations-victims-of-conflict
#18
Devika Nadkarni, Imad Elhajj, Zaher Dawy, Hala Ghattas, Muhammad H Zaman
Conflict and the subsequent displacement of populations creates unique challenges in the delivery of quality health care to the affected population. Equitable access to quality care demands a multi-pronged strategy with a growing need, and role, for technological innovation to address these challenges. While there have been significant contributions towards alleviating the burden of conflict via data informatics and analytics, communication technology, and geographic information systems, little has been done within biomedical engineering...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117322/stillbirth-with-group-b-streptococcus-disease-worldwide-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#19
Anna C Seale, Hannah Blencowe, Fiorella Bianchi-Jassir, Nicholas Embleton, Quique Bassat, Jaume Ordi, Clara Menéndez, Clare Cutland, Carmen Briner, James A Berkley, Joy E Lawn, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Michael G Gravett, Paul T Heath, Margaret Ip, Kirsty Le Doare, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Shabir A Madhi
Background: There are an estimated 2.6 million stillbirths each year, many of which are due to infections, especially in low- and middle-income contexts. This paper, the eighth in a series on the burden of group B streptococcal (GBS) disease, aims to estimate the percentage of stillbirths associated with GBS disease. Methods: We conducted systematic literature reviews (PubMed/Medline, Embase, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, World Health Organization Library Information System, and Scopus) and sought unpublished data from investigator groups...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114151/spatio-temporal-analysis-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-using-geographic-information-system-among-iranian-army-units-and-its-comparison-with-the-general-population-of-iran-during-2005-2014
#20
Reza Pakzad, Arasb Dabbagh-Moghaddam, Mehdi Mohebali, Saeid Safiri, Mohammad Barati
To investigate the time trend and distribution of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iranian Army Units (IAUs) and general population (GP). with using census, Data on CL incidence in IAUs (from AJA University of Medical Sciences) and GP (from Ministry of Health) during 2005-2014 were extracted and entered into the GIS software. Cochran-Armitage test, choropleth map, hot-spot analysis and high/low clustering analysis were used to determine time trend, distribution of disease, hot-spots, and possible abnormal clustering, respectively...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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