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Btk inhibitor

Robert Campbell, Geoffrey Chong, Eliza A Hawkes
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a critical terminal enzyme in the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) pathway. BTK activation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of certain B-cell malignancies. Targeting this pathway has emerged as a novel target in B-cell malignancies, of which ibrutinib is the first-in-class agent. A few other BTK inhibitors (BTKi) are also under development (e.g., acalabrutinib). While the predominant action of BTKi is the blockade of B-cell receptor pathway within malignant B-cells, increasing the knowledge of off-target effects as well as a potential role for B-cells in proliferation of solid malignancies is expanding the indication of BTKi into non-hematological malignancies...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
John C Byrd, Stephen Smith, Nina Wagner-Johnston, Jeff Sharman, Andy I Chen, Ranjana Advani, Bradley Augustson, Paula Marlton, S Renee Commerford, Kwame Okrah, Lichuan Liu, Elaine Murray, Elicia Penuel, Ashley F Ward, Ian W Flinn
GDC-0853 is a selective, reversible, and non-covalent inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) that does not require interaction with the Cys481 residue for activity. In this first-in-human phase 1 study we evaluated safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and activity of GDC-0853 in patients with relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) or chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Twenty-four patients, enrolled into 3 cohorts, including 6 patients who were positive for the C481S mutation, received GDC-0853 at 100, 200, or 400 mg once daily, orally...
February 27, 2018: Oncotarget
Kristina Busygina, Janina Jamasbi, Till Seiler, Hans Deckmyn, Christian Weber, Richard Brandl, Reinhard Lorenz, Wolfgang Siess
Interaction of Von Willebrand factor (VWF) with platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib and of collagen with GPVI is essential for thrombus formation on ruptured or eroded atherosclerotic plaques (atherothrombosis). GPIb and GPVI signal through Bruton tyrosine kinase (Btk) which can irreversibly be blocked by oral application of ibrutinib, an established therapy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with long term safety. We found that ibrutinib and the novel Btk-inhibitors acalabrutinib and ONO/GS-4059 block GPVI-dependent static platelet aggregation in blood exposed to human plaque homogenate and collagen but not to ADP or arachidonic acid...
March 20, 2018: Blood
Lv Jiahui, Wu Jingde, He Feng, Qu Ying, Zhang Qiuqiong, Yu Chenggong
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease and becomes one of the major causes of disability and work force loss. The presence of abnormal B cell and autoantibodies produced by most RA patients, primarily ACPA and RF, indicate that the function of B cell was involved in the development of RA disease. Accordingly, the drug targeting B cell has become a hot spot in the treatment of RA. Studies have shown that Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is involved in the regulation of B cell proliferation and activation process...
March 16, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Yangyang Gu, Bo Huang, Yanfei Yang, Mengdie Qi, Guohua Lu, Dajing Xia, Hequan Li
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and irreversible lung disease with high mortality rate. The etiology is unknown and treatment choices are limited. Thus, there is great interest to investigate novel agents for IPF therapy. Ibrutinib, BTK, and ITK irreversible inhibitor is a FDA-approved small molecule for the clinical therapy of B cell lymphoma. Its role in pulmonary fibrosis remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the anti-fibrotic activity of ibrutinib. Strikingly, ibrutinib did not inhibit but exacerbated bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by increased epithelial cell apoptosis, and inflammation in the lung...
March 13, 2018: Inflammation
Jon M Florence, Agnieszka Krupa, Laela M Booshehri, Sandra A Davis, Michael A Matthay, Anna K Kurdowska
Infection with seasonal influenza A virus (IAV) leads to lung inflammation and respiratory failure, a main cause of death in influenza infected patients. Previous experiments in our laboratory indicated that Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) plays a substantial role in regulating inflammation in the respiratory region during acute lung injury (ALI) in mice, therefore we sought to determine if blocking Btk activity had a protective effect in the lung during influenza induced inflammation. A Btk inhibitor (Btk Inh...
March 8, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Jiaji G Chen, Xia Liu, Manit Munshi, Lian Xu, Nicholas Tsakmaklis, Maria G Demos, Amanda Kofides, Maria Luisa Guerrera, Gloria G Chan, Christopher J Patterson, Kirsten E Meid, Joshua Gustine, Toni Dubeau, Patricia Severns, Jorge J Castillo, Zachary R Hunter, Jinhua Wang, Sara J Buhrlage, Nathanael S Gray, Steven P Treon, Guang Yang
Acquired ibrutinib resistance due to BTKCys481 mutations occurs in B-cell malignancies, including those with MYD88 mutations. BTKCys481 mutations are usually sub-clonal, and their relevance to clinical progression remains unclear. Moreover, the signaling pathways that promote ibrutinib resistance remain to be clarified. We therefore engineered BTKCys481Ser and BTKWT expressing MYD88 mutated WM and ABC DLBCL cells, and observed re-activation of BTK-PLCγ2-ERK1/2 signaling in the presence of ibrutinib in only the former...
March 1, 2018: Blood
Ann E Herman, Leslie W Chinn, Shweta G Kotwal, Elaine R Murray, Rui Zhao, Marilyn Florero, Alyse Lin, Anita Moein, Rena Wang, Meire Bremer, Serika Kokubu, Adrian P Serone, Eva L Hanze, Anders Viberg, Alyssa M Morimoto, Helen R Winter, Tamiko R Katsumoto
GDC-0853 is a small molecule inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) that is highly selective and non-covalent, leading to reversible binding. In double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled phase I healthy volunteer studies, GDC-0853 was well-tolerated with no dose-limiting adverse events (AEs) or serious AEs. The maximum tolerated dose was not reached during dose escalation (≤600 mg, single ascending dose [SAD] study; ≤250 mg twice daily [BID] and ≤500 mg once daily, 14-day multiple ascending dose (MAD) study)...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Lindsay E Nyhoff, Emily S Clark, Bridgette L Barron, Rachel H Bonami, Wasif N Khan, Peggy L Kendall
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is a crucial regulator of B cell signaling and is a therapeutic target for lymphoma and autoimmune disease. BTK-deficient patients suffer from humoral immunodeficiency, as their B cells fail to progress beyond the bone marrow. However, the role of Btk in fully developed, mature peripheral B cells is not well understood. Analysis using BTK inhibitors is complicated by suboptimal inhibition, off-target effects, or failure to eliminate BTK's adaptor function. Therefore a Btk flox /Cre-ERT2 mouse model was developed and used to excise Btk after B cell populations were established...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Jiyu Guan, Dan Huang, Konstantin Yakimchuk, Sam Okret
Acquired resistance to cancer drugs is common, also for modern targeted drugs like the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ibrutinib, a new drug approved for the treatment of the highly aggressive and relapsing mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). The tumor microenvironment often impacts negatively on drug response. Here we demonstrate that stromal cells protect MCL cells from ibrutinib-induced apoptosis and support MCL cell regrowth after drug removal by impairing ibrutinib-mediated down-regulation of phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling...
February 26, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Craig S Boddy, Shuo Ma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has multiple current frontline therapy options, including chemoimmunotherapy (CIT) and most recently, ibrutinib. Here, we review the most recent updates in the frontline treatment of CLL, including updates in CIT, updates in targeted therapies, and ongoing clinical trials. RECENT FINDINGS: Ibrutinib was FDA-approved for the upfront treatment of CLL in 2016 after being studied in older patients and those with 17p deletions or TP53 mutations...
February 26, 2018: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
Lauriane Goldwirt, Kevin Beccaria, Alain Ple, Hélène Sauvageon, Samia Mourah
PURPOSE: Central nervous system (CNS) dissemination occurs in 4.1% of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients and clinically significant CNS involvement in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients reaches 4%. Ibrutinib, an orally administered Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, has shown substantial activity in CLL or MCL patients with CNS localization, and in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). The drug efficacy to treat primary or secondary CNS impairments relies on its brain distribution through the blood-brain barrier (BBB), the aim of the present work was to study the brain distribution of ibrutinib using an in vivo mice model...
February 23, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
James J Crawford, Adam R Johnson, Dinah L Misner, Lisa D Belmont, Georgette M Castanedo, Regina Choy, Melis Coraggio, Liming Dong, Charles Eigenbrot, Rebecca Erickson, Nico Ghilardi, Jonathan Hau, Arna Katewa, Pawan Bir Kohli, Wendy Lee, Joseph W Lubach, Brent S McKenzie, Daniel Fred Ortwine, Leah Schutt, Suzanne Tay, Binqing Wei, Karin Reif, Lichuan Liu, Harvey Wong, Wendy B Young
Btk is a non-receptor cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase involved in B-cell and myeloid cell activation, downstream of B-cell and Fcγ receptors, respectively. Pre-clinical studies have indicated that inhibition of Btk activity might offer a potential therapy in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Here we disclose the discovery and pre-clinical characterization of a potent, selective, and non-covalent Btk inhibitor currently in clinical development. GDC-0853 (29) suppresses B cell- and myeloid cell-mediated components of disease, and demonstrates dose-dependent activity in an in vivo rat model of inflammatory arthritis...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Simar Pal Singh, Floris Dammeijer, Rudi W Hendriks
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a non-receptor kinase that plays a crucial role in oncogenic signaling that is critical for proliferation and survival of leukemic cells in many B cell malignancies. BTK was initially shown to be defective in the primary immunodeficiency X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) and is essential both for B cell development and function of mature B cells. Shortly after its discovery, BTK was placed in the signal transduction pathway downstream of the B cell antigen receptor (BCR). More recently, small-molecule inhibitors of this kinase have shown excellent anti-tumor activity, first in animal models and subsequently in clinical studies...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Valentina Restelli, Monica Lupi, Micaela Vagni, Rosaria Chilà, Francesco Bertoni, Giovanna Damia, Laura Carrassa
BACKGROUND: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive B cell lymphoma with an unfavorable clinical course. Besides deregulation of the cell cycle, B cell receptor (BCR) signaling, essential for MCL proliferation and survival, is also often deregulated due to constitutive activation of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK). The BTK inhibitor ibrutinib has been approved as a therapy for refractory MCL, and while it shows some clinical activity, patients frequently develop primary or secondary ibrutinib resistance and have very poor outcomes after relapsing following ibrutinib treatment...
February 13, 2018: Targeted Oncology
F-D Sun, P-C Wang, J Shang, S-H Zou, X Du
OBJECTIVE: Skin cancer is one of the most common malignancies in dermatology. Patient compliance and prognosis of skin cancer are poor. Ibrutinib, a Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase (BTK) inhibitor, is a new anticancer drug used to treat many cancers. Therefore, we aimed to explore the role of ibrutinib in the treatment of skin cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) and plate cloning assay were used to detect cell proliferation. Apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Sébastien L Degorce, Rana Anjum, Keith S Dillman, Lisa Drew, Sam D Groombridge, Christopher T Halsall, Eva M Lenz, Nicola A Lindsay, Michele F Mayo, Jennifer H Pink, Graeme R Robb, James S Scott, Stephen Stokes, Yafeng Xue
We have developed a series of orally efficacious IRAK4 inhibitors, based on a scaffold hopping strategy and using rational structure based design. Efforts to tackle low permeability and high efflux in our previously reported pyrrolopyrimidine series (Scott et al., 2017) led to the identification of pyrrolotriazines which contained one less formal hydrogen bond donor and were intrinsically more lipophilic. Further optimisation of substituents on this pyrrolotriazine core culminated with the discovery of 30 as a promising in vivo probe to assess the potential of IRAK4 inhibition for the treatment of MyD88 mutant DLBCL in combination with a BTK inhibitor...
January 17, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Xiao Yan, Yile Zhou, Shujuan Huang, Xia Li, Mengxia Yu, Jiansong Huang, Jinghan Wang, Zhixin Ma, Jingrui Jin, Jiajia Pan, Chenying Li, Fenglin Li, Jie Jin
PURPOSE: We researched into the effect and mechanism of AC0010, a novel BTK inhibitor, in MCL, and compared its efficacy and safety with Ibrutinib to develop a preclinical study for the future therapy of MCL. METHODS: MTS assay was used to detect the growth inhibition caused by AC0010 and Ibrutinib, respectively, in MCL cell lines (Jeko-1 and JVM-2), primary MCL cells, and normal peripheral lymphocytes. Apoptosis of Jeko-1 and JVM-2 after exposure into AC0010 and Ibrutinib was conducted by flow cytometry; the expression of apoptosis-related proteins was checked by Western blot...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Sebastian Vogel, Swee Lay Thein
Platelets play a critical role at the interphase of thrombosis and inflammation, key features in haemolysis-associated disorders. Exercising this role requires expression of pattern recognition receptors by platelets, including toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nucleotide-binding domain leucine rich repeat containing protein 3 (NLRP3), the latter forming intraplatelet multiprotein inflammasome complexes. Platelets are a potential target of various damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecules, such as free haem, a degradation by-product of haemoglobin oxidation during haemolysis, and high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a DNA-binding protein released by dying or stressed cells and activated platelets...
January 30, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
Benjamin L Lampson, Jennifer R Brown
Ibrutinib is the first BTK inhibitor to show efficacy in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and is also the first BTK inhibitor to which patients have developed resistance. Mutations in BTK and PLCG2 are found in ≈80% of CLL patients with acquired resistance to ibrutinib, but it remains unclear if these mutations are merely associated with disease relapse or directly cause it. Areas covered: Unique properties of both CLL and ibrutinib that complicate attempts to definitively conclude whether BTK/PLCG2 mutations are passengers or drivers of ibrutinib-resistant disease are reviewed...
February 12, 2018: Expert Review of Hematology
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