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Interdialytic lung

Bernd G Stegmayr
Patients on chronic hemodialysis have a shortened survival compared to the general population. There are multiple sources of morbidity and mortality unique to the dialysis population that account for this. Reasons include the effects of blood membrane interactions, intradialytic hypotension, myocardial stunning, excessive interdialytic weight gain, high-flow arteriovenous fistulae, and impaired lipid break down by anticoagulation administered during HD. Another risk factor, not well appreciated, is the occurrence of microemboli of air (microbubbles) during HD...
August 16, 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
Zongli Diao, Dongliang Zhang, Wendi Dai, Jiaxiang Ding, Aihua Zhang, Wenhu Liu
Residual renal function (RRF) is of paramount importance for hemodialysis (HD) adequacy, morbidity, and mortality. Some studies have shown that overhydration is beneficial for preservation of RRF, but it can also increase the probability of adverse events such as hypertension and heart failure in HD patients. To determine the optimal amount of dehydration, we performed HD with limited water removal in HD patients. Eighteen HD patients included in this self-controlled study underwent HD with limited water removal...
2011: Renal Failure
Demetria Kovelis, Fábio Pitta, Vanessa Suziane Probst, Celeide Pinto Aguiar Peres, Vinicius Daher Alvares Delfino, Altair Jacob Mocelin, Antônio Fernando Brunetto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in chronic renal failure patients, correlating these variables with hemodialysis-related weight fluctuation; to study the correlation between the duration hemodialysis and potential respiratory alterations. METHODS: Seventeen patients (median age, 47 years; interquartile range, 41-52 years), submitted to three weekly hemodialysis sessions for a median of 27 months (interquartile range, 14-55) were evaluated...
November 2008: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Susanne M Lang, Anja Becker, Rainald Fischer, Rudolf M Huber, Helmut Schiffl
Impaired lung function in hemodialysis patients may be caused by an underlying pulmonary disease; however, the impact of uremia and the effects of dialysis treatment are not well understood. Our investigation aimed to characterize the acute effects of bicarbonate hemodialysis using membranes differing in biocompatibility on various parameters of lung function in unselected uremic patients maintained on regular hemodialysis. Fourteen clinically stable hemodialysis patients without acute lung disease were included in the study...
March 2006: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Yi Chen, John R Burke, Brian A Hills
OBJECTIVE: It has previously been demonstrated that a lining of surface-active phospholipid (SAPL) is reversibly bound (adsorbed) to normal peritoneal mesothelium. The lining acts as a boundary lubricant and release (anti-stick) agent preserving mechanical Integrity of the epithelial surface. In a review of clinical trials on the use of SAPL (akin to "surfactant") to restore ultrafiltration (UF) in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), speculation is that, by adsorption, the SAPL lining might also be Imparting the semipermeability vital for UF...
May 2002: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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