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Dialysis lung infections

S Riechardt, M Koch, J Oh, M Fisch
BACKGROUND: Neonatal autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is associated with giant kidneys, lung hypoplasia, pulmonal hypertension, and end-stage renal failure. Depending on the study, mortality is reported to range between 20 and 80%. OBJECTIVES: Does bilateral nephrectomy improve survival? PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2010 and 2016, we treated 7 children with prenatally diagnosed ARPKD. All had a planned delivery by cesarean section...
July 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Stephen P McAdoo, Charles D Pusey
Anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease is a rare small vessel vasculitis that affects the capillary beds of the kidneys and lungs. It is an archetypic autoimmune disease, caused by the development of directly pathogenic autoantibodies targeting a well characterized autoantigen expressed in the basement membranes of these organs, although the inciting events that induce the autoimmune response are not fully understood. The recent confirmation of spatial and temporal clustering of cases suggests that environmental factors, including infection, may trigger disease in genetically susceptible individuals...
July 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Carlos M Minutti, Lucy H Jackson-Jones, Belén García-Fojeda, Johanna A Knipper, Tara E Sutherland, Nicola Logan, Emma Rinqvist, Raquel Guillamat-Prats, David A Ferenbach, Antonio Artigas, Cordula Stamme, Zissis C Chroneos, Dietmar M Zaiss, Cristina Casals, Judith E Allen
The type 2 immune response controls helminth infection and maintains tissue homeostasis but can lead to allergy and fibrosis if not adequately regulated. We have discovered local tissue-specific amplifiers of type-2 mediated-macrophage activation. In the lung, surfactant protein A (SP-A) enhanced IL-4-dependent macrophage proliferation and activation, accelerating parasite clearance and reducing pulmonary injury following infection with a lung-migrating helminth. In the peritoneal cavity and liver, C1q enhancement of type 2 macrophage activation was required for liver repair following bacterial infection, but resulted in fibrosis following peritoneal dialysis...
May 11, 2017: Science
Yao-Lung Liu, Jiung-Hsiun Liu, I-Kuan Wang, Shu-Woei Ju, Tung-Min Yu, I-Ru Chen, Yu-Ching Liu, Chung-Ming Huang, Shih-Yi Lin, Chiz-Tzung Chang, Chiu-Ching Huang
AIMS: Previous study on association between pro-inflammatory cytokines and mortality in PD population is limited. We aimed to investigate here. METHODS: Total 50 patients who underwent incident PD were enrolled in this study. We measured the titers of pro-inflammatory cytokines Interleukin-18(IL-18), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), and Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß). Study outcomes were all-cause mortality, cardiovascular-related mortality, and infection-caused mortality. Cox-regression model was used...
March 2017: BioMedicine
Kalyana C Janga, Ankur Sinha, Sheldon Greenberg, Kavita Sharma
A 53-year-old Egyptian female with end stage renal disease, one month after start of hemodialysis via an internal jugular catheter, presented with fever and shortness of breath. She developed desquamating vesiculobullous lesions, widespread on her body. She was in profound septic shock and broad spectrum antibiotics were started with appropriate fluid replenishment. An echocardiogram revealed bulky leaflets of the mitral valve with a highly mobile vegetation about 2.3 cm long attached to the anterior leaflet...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
Kah Poh Loh, Ankit Kansagra, Meng-Shiou Shieh, Penelope Pekow, Peter Lindenauer, Mihaela Stefan, Tara Lagu
OBJECTIVE: Understanding which factors are associated with the use of critical care therapies (CCTs) can help with clinical decision-making and goals of care discussion. The goal of this study was to describe the predictors of CCT use (eg, mechanical ventilation, tracheostomy, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube, total parenteral nutrition, acute use of dialysis) in hospitalized patients with metastatic cancer. METHODS: We used the 2010 California State Inpatient Databases sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to identify all hospitalizations with a diagnosis of metastatic cancer (patients aged ≥18 years)...
January 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Kah Poh Loh, Ankit Kansagra, Meng-Shiou Shieh, Penelope Pekow, Peter Lindenauer, Mihaela Stefan, Tara Lagu
BACKGROUND: In-hospital mortality is high for critically ill patients with metastatic cancer. To help patients, families, and clinicians make an informed decision about invasive medical treatments, we examined predictors of in-hospital mortality among patients with metastatic cancer who received critical care therapies (CCTs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used the 2010 California Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project: State Inpatient Databases to identify admissions of patients with metastatic cancer (age ≥18 years) who received CCTs, including invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), tracheostomy, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube, acute use of dialysis, and total parenteral nutrition (TPN)...
August 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Rafael Zaragoza, José María Aguado, Ricard Ferrer, Alejandro H Rodríguez, Emilio Maseda, Pedro Llinares, Santiago Grau, Patricia Muñoz, Jesús Fortún, Mercedes Bouzada, Juan Carlos Del Pozo, Rafael León
BACKGROUND: Although over the past decade the management of invasive fungal infection has improved, considerable controversy persists regarding antifungal prophylaxis in solid organ transplant recipients. AIMS: To identify the key clinical knowledge and make by consensus the high level recommendations required for antifungal prophylaxis in solid organ transplant recipients. METHODS: Spanish prospective questionnaire, which measures consensus through the Delphi technique, was conducted anonymously and by e-mail with 30 national multidisciplinary experts, specialists in invasive fungal infections from six national scientific societies, including intensivists, anesthetists, microbiologists, pharmacologists and specialists in infectious diseases that responded to 12 questions prepared by the coordination group, after an exhaustive review of the literature in the last few years...
October 2016: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
M Cronhjort, P B Hjortrup, L B Holst, E Joelsson-Alm, J Mårtensson, C Svensen, A Perner
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown an association between a positive fluid balance and increased mortality in patients with septic shock. This may have led to a more restrictive use of intravenous fluids. The association between fluid accumulation and mortality in the setting of a more restrictive use of intravenous fluids, however, is uncertain. We therefore aimed to investigate the association between a cumulative fluid balance 3 days after randomization and 90-day mortality in a recent Nordic multicentre cohort of patients with septic shock...
August 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Ramon A Tamayo-Isla, Mauro Cuba de la Cruz, Ikechi G Okpechi
South Africa has one of the highest incidences of tuberculosis (TB) worldwide due to the ongoing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic. There are, however, no reports on peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis in South Africa. The aim of this study is to discuss our experience of tuberculous peritonitis in CAPD patients from a rural endemic area of South Africa. This is a retrospective descriptive study of CAPD patients diagnosed with mycobacterium peritonitis infection from January 2008 to August 2014 at the Limpopo Kidney and Dialysis Centre (LKDC) in South Africa...
March 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
K E Doucette, K Halloran, A Kapasi, D Lien, J G Weinkauf
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection negatively impacts patient and graft survival following nonhepatic solid organ transplantation. Most data, however, are in kidney transplant, where despite modest impact on outcomes, transplantation is recommended for those with mild to moderate hepatic fibrosis given overall benefit compared to remaining on dialysis. In lung transplantation (LuTx), there is little data on outcomes and international guidelines are vague on the criteria under which transplant should be considered...
August 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Conall T Morgan, Cedric Manlhiot, Brian W McCrindle, Anne I Dipchand
BACKGROUND: In the registry of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT), cerebrovascular accidents are the fifth most common cause for mortality after pediatric heart transplantation (PHTx), but details are lacking in the literature. The purpose of this analysis of the ISHLT registry was to determine the prevalence, risk factors and outcomes of stroke after PHTx. METHODS: Data from the ISHLT registry (1998 to 2010) were used to identify all patients whose primary transplantation was performed at <18 years of age...
May 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Ann C Gaffey, Stacey L Doll, Arwin M Thomasson, Chantel Venkataraman, Carol W Chen, Lee R Goldberg, Emily A Blumberg, Michael A Acker, Francis Stone, Pavan Atluri
BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation is the gold-standard treatment for end-stage heart failure. Short- and long-term outcomes have been excellent, but the shortage of organs persists. The number of potential recipients who die while awaiting orthotopic heart transplantation increases yearly. In 2004, the label "high-risk donor" (HRD) was applied, by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), to any organ donor who met the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) criteria for behavior that put them at high risk of infection...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Hong Qian, Wei Meng, Jia Hu, Zheng-hua Xiao, Zhi Fang, Yang Li, Jun Gu, Ming-hua Zhong, Hong-wei Zhang, Er-yong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early and mid-outcomes of proximal aorta reconstruction for type A aortic dissection (AAD) patients without intimal tear in aortic arch, and assess the safety and efficacy of this surgical strategy. METHODS: From January 2010 to February 2013, there were 23 AAD patients without intimal tear in the aortic arch received proximal aorta reconstruction surgery. Clinical data of these patients were analyzed retrospectively, the mean age was (48...
July 2015: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Soon-Ee Cheah, Jiping Wang, Van Thi Thu Nguyen, John D Turnidge, Jian Li, Roger L Nation
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the exposure-response relationships between unbound colistin in plasma and antibacterial activity in mouse thigh and lung infections. METHODS: Dose fractionation studies (subcutaneous colistin sulphate at 1.25-160 mg/kg/day) were conducted in neutropenic mice in which infection (three strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and three strains of Acinetobacter baumannii) had been produced by intramuscular thigh injection or aerosol lung delivery...
December 2015: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Johnny X Huang, Mark A T Blaskovich, Ruby Pelingon, Soumya Ramu, Angela Kavanagh, Alysha G Elliott, Mark S Butler, A Bruce Montgomery, Matthew A Cooper
Colistin has found increasing use in treating drug-resistant bacterial lung infections, but potential interactions with pulmonary biomolecules have not been investigated. We postulated that colistin, like aminoglycoside antibiotics, may bind to secretory mucin in sputum or epithelial mucin that lines airways, reducing free drug levels. To test this hypothesis, we measured binding of colistin and other antibiotics to porcine mucin, a family of densely glycosylated proteins used as a surrogate for human sputum and airway mucin...
October 2015: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Chien-Liang Chen, Nai-Ching Chen, Huei-Lung Liang, Chih-Yang Hsu, Kang-Ju Chou, Hua-Chang Fang, Po-Tsang Lee
CONTEXT: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) may worsen with administration of denosumab in chronic renal failure patients with low bone mass. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the short-term effect of coadministration of calcitriol and denosumab on PTH secretion and parathyroid structure and the incidence of adverse effects in patients with SHPT and low bone mass. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a 24-week, open-label study at Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital in Kaohsiung, Taiwan...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sumit Arora, Mehra Haghi, Ching-Yee Loo, Daniela Traini, Paul M Young, Sanyog Jain
The present research aimed to develop and characterize a sustained release dry powder inhalable formulation of voriconazole (VRZ) for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. The developed formulations were studied for their in vitro release profile, aerosol, and physicochemical properties as well as interactions with lung epithelia in terms of toxicity and transport/uptake. VRZ and VRZ loaded poly lactide microparticles (VLM) were prepared by aqueous/organic cosolvent and organic spray drying, respectively. Powders were characterized using laser diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), dynamic vapor sorption (DVS), and electron microscopy...
June 1, 2015: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Tomoshige Matsumoto, Toshio Yamazaki
Four years has passed since QuantiFERON TB-Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT), the third generation test, has replaced QuantiFERON-Gold in Japan. The QFT-GIT test detects interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), which is released from lymphocytes present in blood after exposure to the M. tuberculosis complex antigens ESAT-6, CFP-10 and TB7.7. These proteins are absent from all Bacille-Calmette-Guérin (BCG) strains and from most non-tuberculosis mycobacteria, resulting in fewer false positive reactions as seen with the tuberculin skin test (TST)...
September 2014: Kekkaku: [Tuberculosis]
H-W Wang, C-J Kuo, W-R Lin, C-M Hsu, Y-P Ho, C-J Lin, M-Y Su, C-T Chiu, C-L Wang, K-H Chen
Esophagitis is the second most common gastrointestinal manifestation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after colitis. CMV esophagitis has been reported in patients who have undergone transplantation, are on long-term renal dialysis, or who have the human immunodeficiency virus infection. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and manifestations of CMV esophagitis in patients who underwent diagnostic endoscopy. A total of 16 patients with histologically proven CMV infection were identified from 1539 patients with esophageal ulcers and analyzed retrospectively (January 2006 to December 2013)...
May 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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