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Dialysis lung infections

Kah Poh Loh, Ankit Kansagra, Meng-Shiou Shieh, Penelope Pekow, Peter Lindenauer, Mihaela Stefan, Tara Lagu
BACKGROUND: In-hospital mortality is high for critically ill patients with metastatic cancer. To help patients, families, and clinicians make an informed decision about invasive medical treatments, we examined predictors of in-hospital mortality among patients with metastatic cancer who received critical care therapies (CCTs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used the 2010 California Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project: State Inpatient Databases to identify admissions of patients with metastatic cancer (age ≥18 years) who received CCTs, including invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), tracheostomy, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube, acute use of dialysis, and total parenteral nutrition (TPN)...
August 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Rafael Zaragoza, José María Aguado, Ricard Ferrer, Alejandro H Rodríguez, Emilio Maseda, Pedro Llinares, Santiago Grau, Patricia Muñoz, Jesús Fortún, Mercedes Bouzada, Juan Carlos Del Pozo, Rafael León
BACKGROUND: Although over the past decade the management of invasive fungal infection has improved, considerable controversy persists regarding antifungal prophylaxis in solid organ transplant recipients. AIMS: To identify the key clinical knowledge and make by consensus the high level recommendations required for antifungal prophylaxis in solid organ transplant recipients. METHODS: Spanish prospective questionnaire, which measures consensus through the Delphi technique, was conducted anonymously and by e-mail with 30 national multidisciplinary experts, specialists in invasive fungal infections from six national scientific societies, including intensivists, anesthetists, microbiologists, pharmacologists and specialists in infectious diseases that responded to 12 questions prepared by the coordination group, after an exhaustive review of the literature in the last few years...
April 8, 2016: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
M Cronhjort, P B Hjortrup, L B Holst, E Joelsson-Alm, J Mårtensson, C Svensen, A Perner
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown an association between a positive fluid balance and increased mortality in patients with septic shock. This may have led to a more restrictive use of intravenous fluids. The association between fluid accumulation and mortality in the setting of a more restrictive use of intravenous fluids, however, is uncertain. We therefore aimed to investigate the association between a cumulative fluid balance 3 days after randomization and 90-day mortality in a recent Nordic multicentre cohort of patients with septic shock...
August 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Ramon A Tamayo-Isla, Mauro Cuba de la Cruz, Ikechi G Okpechi
South Africa has one of the highest incidences of tuberculosis (TB) worldwide due to the ongoing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic. There are, however, no reports on peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis in South Africa. The aim of this study is to discuss our experience of tuberculous peritonitis in CAPD patients from a rural endemic area of South Africa. This is a retrospective descriptive study of CAPD patients diagnosed with mycobacterium peritonitis infection from January 2008 to August 2014 at the Limpopo Kidney and Dialysis Centre (LKDC) in South Africa...
March 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
K E Doucette, K Halloran, A Kapasi, D Lien, J G Weinkauf
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection negatively impacts patient and graft survival following nonhepatic solid organ transplantation. Most data, however, are in kidney transplant, where despite modest impact on outcomes, transplantation is recommended for those with mild to moderate hepatic fibrosis given overall benefit compared to remaining on dialysis. In lung transplantation (LuTx), there is little data on outcomes and international guidelines are vague on the criteria under which transplant should be considered...
August 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Conall T Morgan, Cedric Manlhiot, Brian W McCrindle, Anne I Dipchand
BACKGROUND: In the registry of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT), cerebrovascular accidents are the fifth most common cause for mortality after pediatric heart transplantation (PHTx), but details are lacking in the literature. The purpose of this analysis of the ISHLT registry was to determine the prevalence, risk factors and outcomes of stroke after PHTx. METHODS: Data from the ISHLT registry (1998 to 2010) were used to identify all patients whose primary transplantation was performed at <18 years of age...
May 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Ann C Gaffey, Stacey L Doll, Arwin M Thomasson, Chantel Venkataraman, Carol W Chen, Lee R Goldberg, Emily A Blumberg, Michael A Acker, Francis Stone, Pavan Atluri
BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation is the gold-standard treatment for end-stage heart failure. Short- and long-term outcomes have been excellent, but the shortage of organs persists. The number of potential recipients who die while awaiting orthotopic heart transplantation increases yearly. In 2004, the label "high-risk donor" (HRD) was applied, by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), to any organ donor who met the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) criteria for behavior that put them at high risk of infection...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Hong Qian, Wei Meng, Jia Hu, Zheng-hua Xiao, Zhi Fang, Yang Li, Jun Gu, Ming-hua Zhong, Hong-wei Zhang, Er-yong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early and mid-outcomes of proximal aorta reconstruction for type A aortic dissection (AAD) patients without intimal tear in aortic arch, and assess the safety and efficacy of this surgical strategy. METHODS: From January 2010 to February 2013, there were 23 AAD patients without intimal tear in the aortic arch received proximal aorta reconstruction surgery. Clinical data of these patients were analyzed retrospectively, the mean age was (48...
July 2015: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Soon-Ee Cheah, Jiping Wang, Van Thi Thu Nguyen, John D Turnidge, Jian Li, Roger L Nation
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the exposure-response relationships between unbound colistin in plasma and antibacterial activity in mouse thigh and lung infections. METHODS: Dose fractionation studies (subcutaneous colistin sulphate at 1.25-160 mg/kg/day) were conducted in neutropenic mice in which infection (three strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and three strains of Acinetobacter baumannii) had been produced by intramuscular thigh injection or aerosol lung delivery...
December 2015: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Johnny X Huang, Mark A T Blaskovich, Ruby Pelingon, Soumya Ramu, Angela Kavanagh, Alysha G Elliott, Mark S Butler, A Bruce Montgomery, Matthew A Cooper
Colistin has found increasing use in treating drug-resistant bacterial lung infections, but potential interactions with pulmonary biomolecules have not been investigated. We postulated that colistin, like aminoglycoside antibiotics, may bind to secretory mucin in sputum or epithelial mucin that lines airways, reducing free drug levels. To test this hypothesis, we measured binding of colistin and other antibiotics to porcine mucin, a family of densely glycosylated proteins used as a surrogate for human sputum and airway mucin...
October 2015: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Chien-Liang Chen, Nai-Ching Chen, Huei-Lung Liang, Chih-Yang Hsu, Kang-Ju Chou, Hua-Chang Fang, Po-Tsang Lee
CONTEXT: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) may worsen with administration of denosumab in chronic renal failure patients with low bone mass. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the short-term effect of coadministration of calcitriol and denosumab on PTH secretion and parathyroid structure and the incidence of adverse effects in patients with SHPT and low bone mass. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a 24-week, open-label study at Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital in Kaohsiung, Taiwan...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sumit Arora, Mehra Haghi, Ching-Yee Loo, Daniela Traini, Paul M Young, Sanyog Jain
The present research aimed to develop and characterize a sustained release dry powder inhalable formulation of voriconazole (VRZ) for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. The developed formulations were studied for their in vitro release profile, aerosol, and physicochemical properties as well as interactions with lung epithelia in terms of toxicity and transport/uptake. VRZ and VRZ loaded poly lactide microparticles (VLM) were prepared by aqueous/organic cosolvent and organic spray drying, respectively. Powders were characterized using laser diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), dynamic vapor sorption (DVS), and electron microscopy...
June 1, 2015: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Tomoshige Matsumoto, Toshio Yamazaki
Four years has passed since QuantiFERON TB-Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT), the third generation test, has replaced QuantiFERON-Gold in Japan. The QFT-GIT test detects interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), which is released from lymphocytes present in blood after exposure to the M. tuberculosis complex antigens ESAT-6, CFP-10 and TB7.7. These proteins are absent from all Bacille-Calmette-Guérin (BCG) strains and from most non-tuberculosis mycobacteria, resulting in fewer false positive reactions as seen with the tuberculin skin test (TST)...
September 2014: Kekkaku: [Tuberculosis]
H-W Wang, C-J Kuo, W-R Lin, C-M Hsu, Y-P Ho, C-J Lin, M-Y Su, C-T Chiu, C-L Wang, K-H Chen
Esophagitis is the second most common gastrointestinal manifestation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after colitis. CMV esophagitis has been reported in patients who have undergone transplantation, are on long-term renal dialysis, or who have the human immunodeficiency virus infection. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and manifestations of CMV esophagitis in patients who underwent diagnostic endoscopy. A total of 16 patients with histologically proven CMV infection were identified from 1539 patients with esophageal ulcers and analyzed retrospectively (January 2006 to December 2013)...
May 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Hiroshi Tanaka, Kenji Minatoya, Hiroaki Sasaki, Yoshimasa Seike, Tatsuya Itonaga, Tatsuya Oda, Junjiro Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: We retrospectively reviewed the surgical results of thoraco-abdominal aortic repair using moderate-to-deep hypothermia combined with targeted reconstruction of the Adamkiewicz artery (AKA). METHODS: Between 2006 and 2014, 100 patients underwent thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using moderate-to-deep hypothermia. Their mean age was 58 ± 15 years and 76 (76%) were men. Their aortic pathologies included acute dissection (5), chronic dissection (74), degeneration (20) and infection (1)...
May 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Gnenefoly Diarrassouba, Laurence Adonis-Koffy, Ekou Niamien, Jean Baptiste Yaokreh, Pessa Albert Coulibaly
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a diagnostic emergency threatening patients in a major way. Pediatric renal extra purification methods are limited in African countries due to the nonavailability of resources. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) seems to be the modality that is the most practiced for children with acute renal failure (ARF). METHODOLOGY: We conducted a retrospective study on 5 years of records of children from 1 month to 15 years who have suffered an ARF and benefited from PD while being treated at the pediatric nephrology unit of the Chu of Yopougon...
2015: Blood Purification
Raashid Ahmed Luqmani
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibodies (ANCA) are associated with small vessel vasculitides (AASV) affecting the lungs and kidneys. Structured clinical assessment using the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score and Vasculitis Damage Index should form the basis of a treatment plan and be used to document progress, including relapse. Severe disease with organ or life threatening manifestations needs cyclophosphamide or rituximab, plus high dose glucocorticoids, followed by lower dose steroid plus azathioprine, or methotrexate...
2014: Frontiers in Immunology
Jordan M Prutkin, Matthew R Reynolds, Haikun Bao, Jeptha P Curtis, Sana M Al-Khatib, Saurabh Aggarwal, Daniel Z Uslan
BACKGROUND: The rate of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) infections has been increasing faster than that of implantation. We sought to determine the rate and predictors of ICD infection in a large cohort of Medicare patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cases submitted to the ICD Registry from 2006 to 2009 were matched to Medicare fee-for-service claims data using indirect patient identifiers. ICD infections occurring within 6 months of hospital discharge after implantation were identified by ICD-9 codes...
September 23, 2014: Circulation
Sarah Ali Althomali, Mazen Mohammed Almalki, Syed Atif Mohiuddin
Phantom or vanishing tumour of the lung is a rare finding on chest radiographs that has been reported secondary to heart failure or chronic kidney disease. It has been described as an interlobular effusion of the transverse or oblique fissure of the right lung. Although it is uncommon, it should always be considered as a differential diagnosis for a radiographic opacity of the right-middle lung zone because it can be easily mistaken for a lung mass or infiltration. We herein present a case involving a patient with chronic kidney disease and a radiographic opacity of the right-middle lung that was diagnosed as a chest infection...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
Seyed-Ali Sadjadi, Maryam Sharif-Hassanabadi
PATIENT: Male, 59 FINAL DIAGNOSIS: Pulmonary embolism Symptoms: Cardiac arrest • chest pain • dyspnea MEDICATION: - Clinical Procedure: Angioplasty Specialty: Nephrology. OBJECTIVE: Rare disease. BACKGROUND: Vascular access is the lifeline of hemodialysis patients and access problems are a major source of morbidity and mortality for these patients. Access stenosis and thrombosis are common problems in dialysis patients and require prompt intervention...
2014: American Journal of Case Reports
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