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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866939/-first-case-report-of-streptococcus-equi-subsp-zooepidemicus-post-infectious-acute-glomerulonephritis-in-france
#1
Nicolas Le-Berre, Pierre Filipozzi, Laurent Martin, Luc Frimat, Sophie Girerd
Post-infectious glomerulonephritis has become exceptional in France because streptococcus infections are well-treated. When they appear, clinical and biological symptoms are mostly typical and associate acute nephritic syndrome, acute renal failure, proteinuria, hematuria and low complement. We are reporting the first French case of acute post-infectious glomerulonephritis related to Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus, which is commonly found in horses and rarely in human pathology, and of which contamination is by direct contact with sick horses or by ingestion of non-pasteurized milk...
November 17, 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758702/cellular-and-molecular-mechanisms-of-diuretic-plants-an-overview
#2
Francislaine Aparecida Lívero, Jacqueline Vergutz Menetrier, Emerson Luiz Botelho Lourenço, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior
Heart failure, hypertension, cirrhosis and nephritic syndrome are among conditions that alter volume and composition of body fluids and are modulated by diuretics. Natural products are important source of diuretics and have been considered remarkable alternative with greater effectiveness and fewer side effects. However, many of these plants used in traditional medicine must be scientifically assessed about their efficacy and toxicity. Despite the large number of published articles claiming that plants or plant-derived components may act as diuretic agents, few studies have addressed the mechanism of action of medicinal plants...
October 14, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576285/-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-in-a-cocaine-consumer-man-with-hiv-infection-and-anca-p-positivity
#3
María C De Paoli, Dino Moretti, Carlos M Scolari Pasinato, Martín G Buncuga
The Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a small vessel vasculitis with IgA immune complex deposition. The presentation in adults is rare and severe. Reported cases of HSP in patients infected with HIV are scarce. Neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) are commonly found in other systemic vasculitis, but rarely in HSP and even more unusual the perinuclear pattern. Beside small vessel vasculitis, positivity of ANCA can be detected in a number of different pathological conditions in association with infectious processes, including HIV, or cocaine use, and especially the pattern of ANCA-p, associated with drugs, inflammatory bowel or autoimmune diseases...
2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575507/mycophenolate-mofetil-in-treatment-of-childhood-steroid-dependent-nephrotic-syndrome
#4
Manel Jellouli, Sonia Fitouhi, Kamel Abidi, Yousra Hammi, Ouns Naija, Chokri Zarrouk, Tahar Gargah
OBJECTIVES: To establish the efficacy of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in steroid dependent nephrotic syndrome and to determine the predictive factors for a good response. METHODS: retrospective hospital-based cohort study in the department of pediatric of Charles Nicolle hospital, between 2005 and 2012 included 30 children with steroid-dependent nephritic syndrome who were treated with MMF. RESULTS: A total of 30 patients (20 boys and 10 girls) were included...
March 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573641/iga-nephropathy-in-children-a-multicenter-study-in-poland
#5
M Mizerska-Wasiak, A Turczyn, A Such, K Cichoń-Kawa, J Małdyk, M Miklaszewska, J Pietrzyk, A Rybi-Szumińska, A Wasilewska, A Firszt-Adamczyk, R Stankiewicz, M Szczepańska, B Bieniaś, M Zajączkowska, A Pukajło-Marczyk, D Zwolińska, K Siniewicz-Luzeńczyk, M Tkaczyk, K Gadomska-Prokop, R Grenda, U Demkow, M Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common form of glomerulonephritis in pediatric population. The clinical presentation of the disease in children ranges from microscopic hematuria to end-stage kidney disease. The aim of the study was to retrospectively assess clinical and kidney biopsy features in children with IgAN. We assessed a cohort of 140 children, 88 boys, 52 girls with the diagnosis of IgAN in the period of 2000-2015, entered into the national Polish pediatric IgAN registry. The assessment included the following: proteinuria, hematuria, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), arterial blood pressure, and the renal pathological changes according to the Oxford classification and crescents formation, as modifiable and unmodifiable risk factors...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542664/renal-outcomes-and-risk-factors-for-esrd-in-children-with-rapidly-progressive-glomerulonephritis
#6
Nuntawan Piyaphanee, Chompoonut Ananboontarick, Suroj Supavekin, Achra Sumboonnanonda
BACKGROUND: Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN), a clinical diagnosis defined as acute nephritic syndrome with dramatic loss of renal function within few months, is associated with crescentic glomerulonephritis (CresGN), which requires ≥50% crescents in pathology. The percentage of crescents in children with RPGN may vary, however, determining disease characteristics and renal outcome. METHODS: To evaluate the renal outcomes and factors associated to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), this retrospective cohort study assessed children aged ≤15 years with RPGN at a tertiary medical center...
August 20, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504551/comparison-of-efficacy-of-tacrolimus-versus-cyclosporine-in-childhood-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome
#7
Syed Sajid Hussain Shah, Farkhanda Hafeez
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of tacrolimus versus cyclosporine (Calcineurin Inhibitors) in the management of childhood steroid-resistant nephritic syndrome (SRNS). STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Paediatric Nephrology at The Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from August 2014 to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: Patients of either gender aged 1 - 12 years, with the diagnosis of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (MesangioPGN), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) or minimal-change disease (MCD) were included...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468526/post-infectious-glomerulonephritis-in-pediatric-patients-over-two-decades-severity-associated-features
#8
Rona Dagan, Roxana Cleper, Miriam Davidovits, Levana Sinai-Trieman, Irit Krause
BACKGROUND: The incidence of post-infectious glomerulonephritis (PIGN) has decreased over the last decades. As a result, recent epidemiological data from industrialized countries are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patterns of PIGN in children and detect possible predictors of disease severity. METHODS: We collected clinical and laboratory data of patients with PIGN admitted to Schneider Children's Medical Center during 1994-2011. Diagnostic criteria included presence of hematuria with/without other features of nephritic syndrome along with hypocomplementemia and/or microbiological/serological evidence of streptococcal infection...
June 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458561/renal-biopsy-still-a-landmark-for-the-nephrologist
#9
REVIEW
Luca Visconti, Valeria Cernaro, Carlo Alberto Ricciardi, Viviana Lacava, Vincenzo Pellicanò, Antonio Lacquaniti, Michele Buemi, Domenico Santoro
Renal biopsy was performed for the first time more than one century ago, but its clinical use was routinely introduced in the 1950s. It is still an essential tool for diagnosis and choice of treatment of several primary or secondary kidney diseases. Moreover, it may help to know the expected time of end stage renal disease. The indications are represented by nephritic and/or nephrotic syndrome and rapidly progressive acute renal failure of unknown origin. Nowadays, it is performed mainly by nephrologists and radiologists using a 14-18 gauges needle with automated spring-loaded biopsy device, under real-time ultrasound guidance...
July 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373970/unraveling-the-immunopathogenesis-of-glomerular-disease
#10
REVIEW
Bonny L Dickinson
Immune-mediated damage to glomerular structures is largely responsible for the pathology associated with the majority of glomerular diseases. Therefore, a detailed understanding of the basic immune mechanisms responsible for glomerular damage is needed to inform the design of novel intervention strategies. Glomerular injury of immune origin is complex and involves both inflammatory and non-inflammatory processes driven by elements of the innate and adaptive immune system. This review summarizes the basic immune mechanisms that cause glomerular injury leading to the nephritic and nephrotic syndromes...
August 2016: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359316/-glomerulonephritis
#11
Rolf Ak Stahl, Elion Hoxha
Glomerulonephritis encompasses a group of diseases that are characterized by inflammatory glomerular processes and clinically usually present with a nephritic and / or a nephrotic syndrome, as well as a deterioration of the renal function. Often, the diseases are accompanied by arterial hypertension and severe edema. In many cases however, the clinical symptoms are very mild or missing in the early phase of disease and therefore lead to a delayed diagnosis only after an impairment of renal function has developed...
July 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358739/actinomyces-urinae-sp-nov-isolated-from-13-year-old-girl-affected-by-nephritic-syndrome
#12
A Morand, F Cornu, M Tsimaratos, J-C Lagier, S Khelaifia, D Raoult
Here, we report the main characteristics of Actinomyces urinae strain Marseille-P2225(T) (CSURP2225) isolated from a human urine sample.
September 2016: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355803/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-women-during-pregnancy
#13
Luz Maria De-Regil, Cristina Palacios, Lia K Lombardo, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency is thought to be common among pregnant women. Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy has been suggested as an intervention to protect against adverse pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether oral supplements with vitamin D alone or in combination with calcium or other vitamins and minerals given to women during pregnancy can safely improve maternal and neonatal outcomes. MAIN RESULTS: In this updated review we included 15 trials assessing a total of 2833 women, excluded 27 trials, and 23 trials are still ongoing or unpublished...
May 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323155/th17-treg-cell-expression-in-children-with-primary-nephritic-syndrome-and-the-effects-of-ox-ldl-on-th17-treg-cells
#14
Y Y Li, S G Wei, X Zhao, Y Z Jia, Y F Zhang, S Z Sun
To investigate the role of T-helper cells/Treg (Th17/Treg) and morbidity factors related to primary nephritic syndrome (PNS) in children, as well as the influence of ox-low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) on Th17/Treg expression in children with PNS. To clarify the pathogenesis of PNS in children, 50 children with PNS treated in our hospital were enrolled in the study group. Additionally, 20 healthy children who came to our hospital for physical examination during the same period were enrolled in the control group...
June 10, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227941/the-retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-renal-capsulectomy-for-spontaneous-renal-subcapsular-fluid-collection-a-case-series-report-and-literature-review
#15
Guodong Zhu, Dapeng Wu, Kaijie Wu, Wenbin Song, Zhishang Yang, Yue Zhang, Linlin Zhang, Dalin He
Spontaneous renal subcapsular fluid collection may occur as a rare presentation of nephritic syndrome, and distension of the renal capsula and Gerota fascia due to massive fluid accumulation may cause pain. In addition, hypertension secondary to renal ischemia and activation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system may also occur. The objective of this study is to evaluate the surgical outcome of retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal capsulectomy for patients with this disease.We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 10 female patients with spontaneous renal subcapsular fluid collection, diagnosed with B ultrasound and enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215250/clinicopathological-correlations-of-renal-pathology-a-single-center-experience
#16
Mabrouk I Ismail, Khaled Lakouz, Eman Abdelbary
To evaluate the clinicopathological correlation of renal pathology and outline the frequencies of different renal diseases, beside assessment of lupus nephritis (LN), we studied 150 patients [72 (48%) males and mean age of 33.82 ± 15.4 years] who were subjected to native renal biopsy; 112 (72.8%) biopsied patients were diagnosed to have glomerulonephritis (GN). The most frequent clinical renal syndrome was nephrotic syndrome found in 55 (36.6%) patients, followed by nephritic syndrome in 38 (25.3%) patients, chronic kidney disease in 28 (18...
May 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194835/frequency-of-kidney-diseases-and-clinical-indications-of-pediatric-renal-biopsy-a-single-center-experience
#17
S Imtiaz, K Nasir, M F Drohlia, B Salman, A Ahmad
Kidney biopsy occupies a fundamental position in the management of kidney diseases. There are very few renal pathology studies available in the literature from developing world. This study scrutinized the frequency and clinicopathological relationship of kidney biopsies done at the kidney center from 1997 to 2013 amongst pediatric patients. Kidney allograft biopsy were excluded. The specimen was examined under light microscopy and immunofluorescence while electron microscopy was not done. The study includes 423 patients, mean age was 10...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151013/-clinical-characteristics-and-therapeutic-efficacy-of-multiple-myeloma-combined-with-renal-amyloidosis
#18
Hong-Yong Wen, Si-Lin Gan, Jie Ma, Xin-Sheng Xie, Yan-Fang Liu, Zhong-Xing Jiang, Ling Sun, Lin-Xiang Liu, Fang Wang, Xiao-Li Meng, Shao-Qian Chen, Yuan-Dong Chen, Ding-Ming Wan, Hui Sun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of multiple myeloma (MM) combined with renal amyloidosis and its curative efficacy and prognosis. METHODS: The clinical data of 22 cases of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma combined with renal amyloidosis treated in our hospital from November 2011 to July 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: According to Intenational Staging System (ISS), among above-menthioned 22 patients the ISS II accounted for 77...
April 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112157/treatment-outcomes-in-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-nephritis
#19
Małgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak, Jadwiga Małdyk, Urszula Demkow, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
The aim of the present study was to quantify the effects of treatment of children with Henoch-Schönlein nephritis (HSN) evaluated on the basis of kidney biopsy findings. Data were analyzed from 32 patients with HSN (mean age 9.3 ± 3.5 years, 19 with nephrotic syndrome/nephrotic proteinuria NS/NP, 13 with nephritic syndrome NphS), in whom the diagnosis was confirmed by kidney biopsy. Patients received immunosuppressive treatment (azathioprine or cyclophosphamide) and/or steroids and renoprotection according to a defined protocol...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075795/parvovirus-b19-induced-lupus-like-syndrome-with-nephritis
#20
Elodie Georges, Zuzana Rihova, Radek Cmejla, Pierre-Yves Decleire, Corinne Langen
We report a case of a 65-year-old man who developed an acute illness with fever, arthralgia and nephritic syndrome. Antinuclear antibodies were slightly positive and complement levels were low. Renal biopsy showed exudative diffuse proliferative endocapillary glomerulonephritis with diffuse immunoglobulin (IgG, IgA, IgM) and complement deposition (C3d, C4d, C1q) on immunofluorescence. The patient was first treated with corticosteroids and mycophenolate mofetil for suspected lupus with WHO class IV glomerulonephritis...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
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