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#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351084/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-the-androgenic-profile-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#2
Maryam Azadi-Yazdi, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Hossein Khosravi-Boroujeni, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
It is suggested that vitamin D status is associated with androgenic profile in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Although several clinical trials are known in this regard, the results were inconsistent. Therefore, this study was aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of published clinical trials to elucidate the possible effect of vitamin D supplementation on the androgen levels in adult females with PCOS. PubMed, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar were searched to identify related articles published up to January 2017...
March 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et M├ętabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351083/how-to-escape-from-primary-aldosteronism-news-and-views-on-an-adrenal-disorder-of-salt-retention
#3
Holger S Willenberg
The last years have seen substantial progress in primary aldosteronism (PA), which is the most common cause of secondary hypertension. Many programs have been established around the world to meet the needs in healthcare and the management of patients with PA according to published guidelines and clinical protocols. Systematic analysis of emerging data and meticulous scientific work have informed us on the molecular basis of the disease and helped to characterize hereditary forms of PA. Techniques have been developed to better diagnose PA and to establish genotype-phenotype relationships and their impact on hypertension...
March 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et M├ętabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351025/decidual-bleeding-as-a-cause-of-spontaneous-hemoperitoneum-in-pregnancy-and-risk-of-preterm-birth
#4
Marit C I Lier, Ivo A Brosens, Velja Mijatovic, Marwan Habiba, Giuseppe Benagiano
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous hemoperitoneum in pregnancy (SHiP) is a rare, life-threatening event, particularly relevant to women with endometriosis or deciduosis. METHODS: To determine the type of lesions leading to SHiP, a literature search was conducted among all published SHiP cases. From a total of 1,339 publications, information on pathological findings at the bleeding site with histological data was found in 24 case reports (16 pregnant, 8 postpartum). RESULTS: Among pregnant women (81% primigravida), 75% had a diagnosis of endometriosis and 25% of deciduosis...
March 29, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350948/bending-the-cost-curve-establishing-value-in-spine-surgery
#5
Scott L Parker, Silky Chotai, Clinton J Devin, Lindsay Tetreault, Thomas E Mroz, Darrel S Brodke, Michael G Fehlings, Matthew J McGirt
BACKGROUND: As publically promoted by all stakeholders in health care reform, prospective outcomes registry platforms lie at the center of all current evidence-driven value-based models. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the variability in outcomes and cost at population level and individual patient level for patients undergoing spine surgery for degenerative diseases. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospective longitudinal spine registry data was conducted...
March 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350898/leading-antibacterial-laboratory-research-by-integrating-conventional-and-innovative-approaches-the-laboratory-center-of-the-antibacterial-resistance-leadership-group
#6
Claudia Manca, Carol Hill, Andrea M Hujer, Robin Patel, Scott R Evans, Robert A Bonomo, Barry N Kreiswirth
The Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group (ARLG) Laboratory Center (LC) leads the evaluation, development, and implementation of laboratory-based research by providing scientific leadership and supporting standard/specialized laboratory services. The LC has developed a physical biorepository and a virtual biorepository. The physical biorepository contains bacterial isolates from ARLG-funded studies located in a centralized laboratory and they are available to ARLG investigators. The Web-based virtual biorepository strain catalogue includes well-characterized gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial strains published by ARLG investigators...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350896/the-antibacterial-resistance-leadership-group-progress-report-and-work-in-progress
#7
Henry F Chip Chambers, Heather R Cross, Scott R Evans, Barry N Kreiswirth, Vance G Fowler
The Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group (ARLG), with funding from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health, was created in June 2013. Its mission is to develop, prioritize, and implement a clinical research agenda that addresses the public health threat of antibacterial resistance. This article reports on the progress that the ARLG has made to date in fulfilling its mission. Since inception, the ARLG has received and reviewed >70 study proposals, initiated >30 studies, executed >300 agreements, included data from >7000 subjects, published >45 manuscripts, and provided opportunities for 26 mentees...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350794/dementia-and-aging-populations-a-global-priority-for-contextualized-research-and-health-policy
#8
EDITORIAL
Carol Brayne, Bruce Miller
In this month's Editorial, Guest Editors Carol Brayne and Bruce Miller discuss research and commentary published in March and future directions for dementia research.
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350749/effect-of-threatening-life-experiences-and-adverse-family-relations-in-ulcerative-colitis-analysis-using-structural-equation-modeling-and-comparison-with-crohn-s-disease
#9
Vered Slonim-Nevo, Orly Sarid, Michael Friger, Doron Schwartz, Ruslan Sergienko, Avihu Pereg, Hillel Vardi, Terri Singer, Elena Chernin, Dan Greenberg, Shmuel Odes
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We published that threatening life experiences and adverse family relations impact Crohn's disease (CD) adversely. In this study, we examine the influence of these stressors in ulcerative colitis (UC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients completed demography, economic status (ES), the Patient-Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index (P-SCCAI), the Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ), the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), the Family Assessment Device (FAD), and the List of Threatening Life Experiences (LTE)...
May 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350673/the-effect-of-workers-compensation-on-outcome-measurement-methods-after-upper-extremity-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Yuki Fujihara, Melissa J Shauver, Meghan E Lark, Lin Zhong, Kevin C Chung
BACKGROUND: Patients who receive workers' compensation often display worse surgical results, such as prolonged pain or reduced functional ability. The outcomes of surgery can be assessed using a variety of surveys, assessments, and measurements. It is unknown whether the confounding effect differs based on how results are measured. The aim of this study was to determine whether these variations exist. METHODS: A search of full-length articles published between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2015, was conducted using 3 online databases...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350658/top-surgery-in-transgender-men-how-far-can-you-push-the-envelope
#11
Rachel Bluebond-Langner, Jens U Berli, Jennifer Sabino, Karan Chopra, Devinder Singh, Beverly Fischer
BACKGROUND: The authors present their grading scale and the outcomes of the largest cohort of top surgery published to date. Application of this grading system can help determine which patients will benefit from a subcutaneous mastectomy with free nipple graft versus a circumareolar technique, with the primary endpoint being need for aesthetic revisions. METHODS: The authors reviewed their database of transgender males who underwent bilateral mastectomy between 2006 and 2015...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350657/normative-data-for-interpreting-the-breast-q-augmentation
#12
Lily R Mundy, Karen Homa, Anne F Klassen, Andrea L Pusic, Carolyn L Kerrigan
BACKGROUND: The BREAST-Q is a rigorously developed, well-validated, patient-reported outcome instrument with a module designed for evaluating breast augmentation outcomes. However, there are no published normative BREAST-Q scores, limiting interpretation. METHODS: Normative data were generated for the BREAST-Q Augmentation module by means of the Army of Women, an online community of women (with and without breast cancer) engaged in breast-cancer related research...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350653/understanding-the-health-burden-of-macromastia-normative-data-for-the-breast-q-reduction-module
#13
Lily R Mundy, Karen Homa, Anne F Klassen, Andrea L Pusic, Carolyn L Kerrigan
BACKGROUND: The BREAST-Q Reduction module evaluates outcomes in reduction mammaplasty. However, there are currently no published normative scores, limiting the interpretation of BREAST-Q data. METHODS: The BREAST-Q Reduction module was administered via the Army of Women, an online community of women (with and without breast cancer) engaged in breast-cancer related research. Normative data were generated from women aged 18 years and older, without a history of breast cancer or breast surgery...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350650/direct-to-implant-breast-reconstruction-without-the-use-of-an-acellular-dermal-matrix-is-cost-effective-and-oncologically-safe
#14
L Charles J Serrurier, Sarah Rayne, Marisse Venter, Carol-Ann Benn
BACKGROUND: Direct-to-implant breast reconstruction is a predictable, reliable, and cost-effective reconstruction. Most units performing direct-to-implant reconstructions recommend the use of an acellular dermal matrix or a mesh to reinforce the lower pole of the breast reconstruction. METHODS: Two hundred seventy-two consecutive patients with 488 immediate direct-to-implant breast reconstructions performed in a 34-month period are included in this group. Mean follow-up of this group is 35 months...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350586/predictors-of-outcome-in-conservative-and-minimally-invasive-surgical-management-of-pain-originating-from-the-sacroiliac-joint-a-pooled-analysis
#15
Julius Dengler, Bradley Duhon, Peter Whang, Clay Frank, John Glaser, Bengt Sturesson, Steven Garfin, Daniel Cher, Aaron Rendahl, David Polly
STUDY DESIGN: A pooled patient-level analysis of two multicenter randomized controlled trials and one multicenter single-arm prospective trial. OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of outcome of conservative and minimally invasive surgical management of pain originating from the sacroiliac joint (SIJ). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Three recently published prospective trials have shown that minimally invasive SIJ fusion (SIJF) using triangular titanium implants produces better outcomes than conservative management for patients with pain originating from the SIJ...
March 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350566/blinding-in-surgical-randomized-clinical-trials-in-2015
#16
Benjamin Speich
Lack of blinding in randomized clinical trials can bias the effect estimates of the observed intervention. In trials assessing nonpharmacological interventions (eg, surgical randomized clinical trials) blinding is usually more difficult. In this mini-review the blinding and reporting of blinding was assessed from surgical randomized clinical trials that were published in leading medical and surgical journals in 2015. Conducting a systematic search on PubMed, a total of 99 studies were deemed as relevant and blinding status assessed...
March 27, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350541/computational-hybrid-anthropometric-paediatric-phantom-library-for-internal-radiation-dosimetry
#17
Tianwu Xie, Niels Kuster, Habib Zaidi
Hybrid computational phantoms combine voxel-based and simplified equation-based modelling approaches to provide unique advantages and more realism for the construction of anthropomorphic models. In this work, a methodology and C++ code are developed to generate hybrid computational phantoms covering statistical distributions of body morphometry in the paediatric population. The paediatric phantoms of the Virtual Population Series (IT'IS Foundation, Switzerland) were modified to match target anthropometric parameters, including body mass, body length, standing height and sitting height/stature ratio, determined from reference databases of the National Centre for Health Statistics and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
April 21, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350530/book-review-a-century-of-parasitology-discoveries-ideas-and-lessons-learned-by-scientists-who-published-in-the-journal-of-parasitology-1914-2014
#18
Marilyn E Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350482/analysis-of-the-revision-process-by-american-journal-of-roentgenology-reviewers-and-section-editors-metrics-of-rejected-manuscripts-and-their-final-disposition
#19
Claudia Cejas
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate metrics related to manuscripts rejected by AJR with and without review during 2014 and to determine their final disposition: no record of eventual publication, eventually published, published with modified authors and title, published with the same title but modified authors, and published with modified title but the same authors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1245 unsolicited manuscripts submitted from January to December 2014 were included in this retrospective analysis...
March 28, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350460/time-dependent-model-for-fluid-flow-in-porous-materials-with-multiple-pore-sizes
#20
Brian M Cummins, Rukesh Chinthapatla, Frances S Ligler, Glenn M Walker
An understanding of fluid transport through porous materials is critical for the development of lateral flow assays and analytical devices based on paper microfluidics. Models of fluid transport within porous materials often assume a single capillary pressure and permeability value for the material, implying that the material comprises a single pore size and that the porous material is fully saturated behind the visible wetted front. As a result, current models can lead to inaccuracies when modeling transport over long distances and/or times...
March 28, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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