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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813774/pulmonary-embolism-caused-by-popliteal-vein-aneurysm-a-case-report
#1
Kevin Marquez, Kalyan Chakravarthy Potu, Chad Laurich, Randall Lamfers
In this case report, we describe an unusual episode of bilateral submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) caused by a popliteal vein aneurysm (PVA). The development of PE stems from many risk factors including obesity (BMI³ 30 kg/m2), hypertension, cigarette smoking (greater than 25 cigarettes per day), increasing age, surgery, immobility, malignancy, and inherited thrombophilia. A PVA is a rare but significant cause of PE. A 28-year-old male presented to the emergency department with progressive shortness of breath...
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813773/a-case-of-ivig-induced-aseptic-chemical-meningitis
#2
Anish Patel, Kalyan Chakravarthy Potu, Tamera Sturm
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is a commonly used and generally well-tolerated medication. Common side effects include flu-like symptoms such as fevers, headaches, myalgia, fatigue, and nausea. One of the more rare side effects is aseptic meningitis, with a reported incidence rate of around 0.067 percent of all IVIG infusions. In this paper, we describe a 47-year-old female patient with a history of myasthenia gravis who presented with a headache, neck pain, and neck stiffness while undergoing IVIG infusions for a myasthenia crisis...
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813765/bronchiolitis-in-infants-and-children
#3
Alexandra Schaller, Carl S Galloway
Bronchiolitis is among the most common illnesses in infants and children, and is the most common cause for hospitalization in infants in the U.S. This illness can be caused by many viruses, most commonly respiratory syncytial virus. It is diagnosed clinically by history and physical exam findings, with a narrow role for ancillary testing. Management is supportive, with medications demonstrating limited utility in multiple studies. Preventive measures include hand hygiene, breastfeeding, avoiding tobacco smoke exposure, and isolation precautions for hospitalized patients...
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813744/alkaptonuria-a-case-report-with-diagnostic-challenge
#4
Vasantha L Gali, Amy M Kerkvliet, Jacob M Kusmak, Jana K Elwood
Alkaptonuria is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by deficiency of homogentisic acid (HGA) oxidase, the only enzyme capable of catabolizing HGA. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to excess HGA which deposits in the connective tissue. We present a case of a 64-year-old woman who was referred to the dermatology clinic for a full body mole check and skin cancer screening. Clinically she had blue/gray pigmentation of the external ear and sclera. Also she had a domed papule on the left cheek with punctate gray pigmentation which was biopsied...
August 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813742/a-case-of-incisional-endometrioma-that-presented-as-an-abdominal-mass
#5
Kelly Landeen, Kristin Wempe, Robert Miller
Although endometriosis is a common condition in women of reproductive age, the incidence of endometrioma in prior surgical incision sites is rare.We present a case of an abdominal wall mass in a female patient with a history of obstetrical surgery. The mass was visualized with ultrasound and computerized tomography, removed by wide excision, and identified via frozen section. This case demonstrates the importance of a thorough surgical and obstetrical history in any woman who presents with an abdominal wall mass...
August 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813731/a-case-of-fulminant-hepatic-failure-secondary-to-congestive-heart-failure-without-evidence-of-acute-cardiac-decompensation
#6
Kalyan Wagle, Oluwaseun A Akinseye, Prakash Shrestha, Madhuri Chandnani, Raiko Munankarmi, Vivian Ripin, Jimmy Yee
There are so far only a few reported cases of acute fulminant hepatic failure resulting from acute cardiomyopathy. This is a rare occurrence, especially in patients that do not exhibit any signs and symptoms of acute cardiac decompensation. We report a case of fulminant liver failure with nondiagnostic work up for the common causes of liver failure. This patient had concurrent history of congestive heart failure, but did not have acute decompensation. Right upper quadrant sonogram revealed hepatomegaly of 15 cm, trace amount of perihepatic ascites, pericholecystic fluid, and also thickened edematous gallbladder wall with no stones, no common bile duct stones, and no portal vein thrombosis...
April 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813728/-amputation-of-the-lower-limb-treatment-and-management
#7
Tim Ramczykowski, Thomas A Schildhauer
Despite modern conservative and surgical procedures, the number of amputations of the lower limb remains at a consistently high level. With the demographic changes and the consequent prevalence of atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus, there is a steady increase of the risk factors that can lead to an amputation. The cause, which ultimately leads to the loss of the affected limb is therefore a symptom of the underlying disease. Primarily, the purpose of any medical treatment is the prevention of any amputation...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813709/natural-history-of-localized-and-locally-advanced-lung-atypical-carcinoid-after-complete-resection-a-joined-french-italian-multicentric-retrospective-study
#8
Francesca Marciello, Olaf Mercier, Piero Ferolla, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Pier Luigi Filosso, Alain Chapelier, Gianluca Guggino, Roberto Monaco, Franco Grimaldi, Stefano Pizzolitto, Joël Guygay, Bertrand Richard de Latour, Dario Giuffrida, Elisabeth Longchampt, Vincent Thomas de Montpreville, Élie Fadel, Annamaria Colao, David Planchard, Mauro Papotti, Antongiulio Faggiano, Eric Baudin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813560/prevalence-of-pubic-hair-grooming-related-injuries-and-identification-of-high-risk-individuals-in-the-united-states
#9
Matthew D Truesdale, E Charles Osterberg, Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Molly A Elmer-DeWitt, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Isabel Allen, Benjamin N Breyer
Importance: Pubic hair grooming is a common practice that can lead to injury and morbidity. Objective: To identify demographic and behavioral risk factors associated with pubic hair grooming-related injuries to characterize individuals with high risk of injury and develop recommendations for safe grooming practices. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study conducted a national survey of noninstitutionalized US adults (aged 18-65 years)...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813512/implementation-of-a-comprehensive-intervention-for-patients-at-high-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-rural-china-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Xiaolin Wei, John D Walley, Zhitong Zhang, Guanyang Zou, Weiwei Gong, Simin Deng, Anthony D Harries, Joseph P Hicks, Marc K C Chong, James N Newell, Jieming Zhong, Min Yu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess whether a standard intervention package of cardiovascular disease (CVD) care was being delivered effectively, and if it was associated with improved lifestyle and biomedical indicators. METHODS: In rural China, we implemented a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial for 12 months, randomized at the township hospital level, and compared with usual care. Intervention case management guideline, training and performance monitoring meeting and patient support activities were designed to fit within the job description of family doctors in the township hospitals and comprised: 1) prescription of a standardised package of medicines targeted at those with hypertension or diabetes; 2) advice about specific lifestyle interventions; and 3) advice about medication adherence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813498/phylogeography-of-bivalve-meretrix-petechialis-in-the-northwestern-pacific-indicated-by-mitochondrial-and-nuclear-dna-data
#11
Xiaoxuan Wang, Lingfeng Kong, Jun Chen, Akihiko Matsukuma, Qi Li
The marine clam Meretrix petechialis is an important economic shellfish species in Northwestern Pacific, but little is known about its phylogeographical pattern. Here, we analyzed 311 samples from 22 locations along the northwestern Pacific using combined profiling of one mitochondrial gene (the first subunit of cytochrome coxidase, COI) and one nuclear DNA marker (the internal transcribed spacer region 1, ITS-1) to investigate contemporary genetic structure and reconstruct phylogenetic history of this species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813433/diabetes-risks-and-outcomes-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-two-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-cohort-studies
#12
Chao-Shun Lin, Chih-Chung Liu, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Yi-Cheng Chang, Chi-Li Chung, Hsin-Long Lane, Chun-Chuan Shih, Ta-Liang Chen, Chien-Chang Liao
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and diabetes remains incompletely understood. This study evaluated diabetes risk and post-diabetes outcomes in COPD patients with and without exacerbations. METHODS: We identified 4671 adults newly diagnosed with COPD exacerbations and 9342 adults newly diagnosed with COPD without exacerbations during 2000-2008 using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. A comparison cohort of 18684 adults without COPD, matched by age and sex, was randomly selected from the same dataset for the control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813424/risk-factors-and-causative-organisms-in-microbial-keratitis-in-daily-disposable-contact-lens-wear
#13
Fiona Stapleton, Thomas Naduvilath, Lisa Keay, Cherry Radford, John Dart, Katie Edwards, Nicole Carnt, Darwin Minassian, Brien Holden
PURPOSE: This study investigated independent risk factors and causative organisms in microbial keratitis in daily disposable contact lens (CL)-wearers. METHODS: A multisite prospective case-control study was undertaken. Cases were daily disposable CL-wearers attending Moorfields Eye Hospital with microbial keratitis and those reported through a one-year surveillance study in Australia and in New Zealand. A population-based telephone survey identified daily disposable CL-wearing controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813409/the-rise-of-algae-in-cryogenian-oceans-and-the-emergence-of-animals
#14
Jochen J Brocks, Amber J M Jarrett, Eva Sirantoine, Christian Hallmann, Yosuke Hoshino, Tharika Liyanage
The transition from dominant bacterial to eukaryotic marine primary productivity was one of the most profound ecological revolutions in the Earth's history, reorganizing the distribution of carbon and nutrients in the water column and increasing energy flow to higher trophic levels. But the causes and geological timing of this transition, as well as possible links with rising atmospheric oxygen levels and the evolution of animals, remain obscure. Here we present a molecular fossil record of eukaryotic steroids demonstrating that bacteria were the only notable primary producers in the oceans before the Cryogenian period (720-635 million years ago)...
August 16, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813254/adapting-to-the-changing-needs-of-adolescents-parenting-practices-and-challenges-to-sensitive-attunement
#15
REVIEW
Roger Kobak, Caroline Abbott, Abigail Zisk, Nadia Bounoua
Changes in adolescents' motivations and capabilities pose unique challenges to parents who play a continuing role in ensuring the youth's safety and well-being. We describe sensitively attuned parenting as an optimal response to this challenge and summarize practices of positive engagement, supervision/guidance and open communication that support sensitive attunement and facilitate the continuing development of the adolescent's self-confidence, autonomous decision-making, and communication skills. We then consider factors that require parents to adapt their practices to the particular needs and developmental level of the adolescent...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813248/early-stress-parental-motivation-and-reproductive-decision-making-applications-of-life-history-theory-to-parental-behavior
#16
REVIEW
Tomás Cabeza de Baca, Bruce J Ellis
This review focuses on the impact of parental behavior on child development, as interpreted from an evolutionary-developmental perspective. We employ psychosocial acceleration theory to reinterpret the effects of variation in parental investment and involvement on child development, arguing that these effects have been structured by natural selection to match the developing child to current and expected future environments. Over time, an individual's development, physiology, and behavior are organized in a coordinated manner (as instantiated in 'life history strategies') that facilitates survival and reproductive success under different conditions...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813244/framing-confusion-dementia-society-and-history
#17
Jesse F Ballenger
This essay will briefly sketch historical changes in the framing of dementia since the late nineteenth century. In broad terms, this period has seen a shift from viewing dementia as a pathological variant of normal aging to viewing it as a distinct disease. Although this broad reframing of dementia was clearly positive in raising awareness and funding for research, it had some negative aspects that should be considered. Caregiving came to seem less important than research aimed at a cure, and the stigma surrounding dementia has, if anything, increased...
July 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813239/how-should-clinicians-counsel-a-woman-with-a-strong-family-history-of-early-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-about-her-pregnancy
#18
Marianna V Mapes, Barbara M O'Brien, Louise P King
Counseling patients regarding the benefits, harms, and dilemmas of genetic testing is one of the greatest ethical challenges facing reproductive medicine today. With or without test results, clinicians grapple with how to communicate potential genetic risks as patients weigh their reproductive options. Here, we consider a case of a woman with a strong family history of early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD). She is early in her pregnancy and unsure about learning her own genetic status. We address the ethical ramifications of each of her options, which include genetic testing, genetic counseling, and termination versus continuation of the pregnancy...
July 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813207/examination-of-synthetic-cannabinoid-and-cathinone-use-among-a-drug-using-offender-sample-2013-2015
#19
Kirsten Elin Smith, Amanda M Bunting, Michele Staton, Robert Walker, Sara Shalash, Erin Winston, Kevin Pangburn
Use of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) such as synthetic cannabinoids (e.g., "Spice," "Serenity") and cathinones (e.g., "bath salts") has proliferated in recent years; however, there is a gap in research examining prevalence among offender samples. This study examined demographics, drug use, mental health characteristics, and criminal histories of NPS users compared to non-NPS users within an offender sample entering drug treatment. Using logistic regression analysis, combined 2013-2015 assessment data were examined (N = 8,791)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813201/applying-movement-ecology-to-marine-animals-with-complex-life-cycles
#20
Richard M Allen, Anna Metaxas, Paul V R Snelgrove
Marine animals with complex life cycles may move passively or actively for fertilization, dispersal, predator avoidance, resource acquisition, and migration, and over scales from micrometers to thousands of kilometers. This diversity has catalyzed idiosyncratic and unfocused research, creating unsound paradigms regarding the role of movement in ecology and evolution. The emerging movement ecology paradigm offers a framework to consolidate movement research independent of taxon, life-history stage, scale, or discipline...
August 16, 2017: Annual Review of Marine Science
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