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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641374/intergenerational-socioeconomic-mobility-and-adult-depression-the-constances-study
#1
Maria Melchior, Abdelkrim Ziad, Emilie Courtin, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Judith van der Waerden
Socioeconomic mobility from childhood onwards may predict depression risk in adulthood. Using data from the nationally representative CONSTANCES study in France (2012-2014, n = 67,057), we assessed the relationship between intergenerational socioeconomic mobility and adult depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale, > = 16 in men, > = 20 in women) and antidepressant use. Socioeconomic position was ascertained by occupational grade (childhood: maternal and paternal measures prior to age 15 years combined; adult: participant own)...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641361/maternal-alcohol-use-disorder-and-risk-of-child-contact-with-the-justice-system-in-western-australia-a-population-cohort-record-linkage-study
#2
Katherine Hafekost, David Lawrence, Colleen O'Leary, Carol Bower, James Semmens, Stephen R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Early contact with the justice system is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes across the life course. This includes an increased risk of ongoing justice contact, social disadvantage and marginalization, and mental health and substance use issues. Children whose mothers have an alcohol use disorder may be at risk of early justice system contact, and we sought to quantify this relationship in a Western Australian cohort. METHODS: This population cohort study made use of linked administrative data...
June 22, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641331/-surgical-treatment-of-pseudotumours-of-the-lung
#3
Zsolt Sziklavari, Annete Droste, Reiner Neu, Hans-Stefan Hofmann, Michael Ried
Introduction Pseudotumour of the lung is a collective term for various subentities. Some subgroups are considered to be intermediary malignant tumours. A pseudotumour is a rare condition, which makes it difficult to estimate its incidence and prevalence. Methods Retrospective analysis of all surgically treated patients between 2008 and 2015 diagnosed with a pseudotumour of the lung. The primary endpoint of this study was to estimate the rates of local recurrence and metastasis. Secondary endpoints were to determine the nomenclature, medical history, treatment, and the perioperative course...
June 22, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641319/understanding-scuba-diving-fatalities-carbon-dioxide-concentrations-in-intra-cardiac-gas
#4
Vincent Varlet, Alejandro Dominguez, Marc Augsburger, Maisy Lossois, Coraline Egger, Cristian Palmiere, Raquel Vilarino, Silke Grabherr
INTRODUCTION: Important developments in the diagnosis of scuba diving fatalities have been made thanks to forensic imaging tool improvements. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) permits reliable interpretation of the overall gaseous distribution in the cadaver. However, due to post-mortem delay, the radiological interpretation is often doubtful because the distinction between gas related to the dive and post-mortem decomposition artifactual gases becomes less obvious. METHODS: We present six cases of fatal scuba diving showing gas in the heart and other vasculature...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641306/a-new-perspective-on-isotretinoin-treatment-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-retrospective-chart-review-of-patient-outcomes
#5
Christina M Huang, Mark G Kirchhof
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a disease characterized by the development of painful, deep-seeded nodules and abscesses. Treatment guidelines include a combination of lifestyle, surgical, and medical interventions. Isotretinoin has not been included in the treatment guidelines due to the limited number of studies and conflicting reports of efficacy. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical response to isotretinoin in HS patients and to determine whether there is a particular patient population that may benefit more from this treatment...
June 23, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641233/large-eddy-simulation-and-experimental-study-on-vented-gasoline-air-mixture-explosions-in-a-semi-confined-obstructed-pipe
#6
Guoqing Li, Yang Du, Shimao Wang, Sheng Qi, Peili Zhang, Wenzhuo Chen
In this work, LES simulation coupled with a TFC sub-grid combustion model has been performed in a semi-confined pipe (L/D=10, V=10L) in the presence of four hollow-square obstacles (BR=49.8%) with circular hollow cross-section, in order to study the premixed gasoline-air mixture explosions. The comparisons between simulated results and experimental results have been conducted. It was found that the simulated results were in good agreement with experimental data in terms of flame structures, flame locations and overpressure time histories...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641177/a-30-year-history-of-mpan-case-from-russia
#7
M Selikhova, E Fedotova, S Wiethoff, L V Schottlaender, S Klyushnikov, S N Illarioshkin, H Houlden
We present a patient with progressive spastic ataxia, with dystonia and anarthria undiagnosed until detailed genetic analysis revealed an MPAN mutation. Highlighting the worldwide MPAN distribution, a 30year history of absent diagnosis and the impact and cost saving of an early but detailed genetic analysis in complex progressive movement disorders, particularly the anarthric NBIA group.
June 2, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641148/non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-new-zealand-birth-cohort
#8
Daniel D L Coppersmith, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Annette L Beautrais
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts are related, but distinct behaviors. The primary aim of the current study was to identify factors that distinguish those with different lifetime histories of self-injury. A secondary aim was to test whether lifetime history of self-injury at age 26 predicted current suicide ideation at age 32. METHODS: Participants were 26 year olds from a large birth cohort with a lifetime history of no self-injury (n = 466), a lifetime history of NSSI (n = 191), or a lifetime history of NSSI and a suicide attempt (NSSI+SA; n = 52)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641046/exploring-the-health-needs-of-aging-lgbt-adults-in-the-cape-fear-region-of-north-carolina
#9
Noell L Rowan, Kelsey Beyer
This study explored issues of culturally sensitive health care practice and needs among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender aging adults in coastal North Carolina. Survey data from 2013 to 2015 were analyzed using frequencies and logistic regression on concerns with culturally sensitive health needs for the LGBT aging adult population. Results indicated that the largest problem was a history of being verbally harassed (n = 115; 51.57%) and a need for more culturally sensitive health care provisions. A large majority of participants requested an improvement in offering of LGBT specific social activities (n = 149), recreational activities (n = 116), and art and cultural activities (n = 112)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641027/effect-of-an-educational-intervention-in-spirituality-and-health-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills-of-students-in-health-related-areas-a-controlled-randomized-trial
#10
Igraíne Helena Scholz Osório, Lídia Maria Gonçalves, Pedro Machry Pozzobon, Jair José Gaspar Júnior, Filippe Martins Miranda, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: To date there have been no randomized studies that assess whether "Spirituality and Health" (S/H) programs are, indeed, effective, or not. We sought to evaluate if an intervention in teaching S/H fosters competence changes in healthcare students. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out. Students were randomized into two groups: an Intervention Group (a theoretical-practical course in S/H) and a control group (waiting list). Students' S/H knowledge, attitudes, and skills (through a simulated patient) were assessed...
June 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640989/stimulant-treatment-trajectories-are-associated-with-neural-reward-processing-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Lizanne J S Schweren, Annabeth Groenman, Daniel von Rhein, Wouter Weeda, Stephen F Faraone, Marjolein Luman, Hanneke van Ewijk, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Barbara Franke, Jan K Buitelaar, Jaap Oosterlaan, Pieter J Hoekstra, Catharina A Hartman
OBJECTIVE: The past decades have seen a surge in stimulant prescriptions for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Stimulants acutely alleviate symptoms and cognitive deficits associated with ADHD by modulating striatal dopamine neurotransmission and induce therapeutic changes in brain activation patterns. Long-term functional changes after treatment are unknown, as long-term studies are scarce and have focused on brain structure. In this observational study (2009-2012), we investigated associations between lifetime stimulant treatment history and neural activity during reward processing...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640977/neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction-clinical-management-recommendations-of-the-neurologic-incontinence-committee-of-the-fifth-international-consultation-on-incontinence-2013
#12
REVIEW
Nikki Cotterill, Helmut Madersbacher, Jean J Wyndaele, Apostolos Apostolidis, Marcus J Drake, Jerzy Gajewski, John Heesakkers, Jalesh Panicker, Piotr Radziszewski, Ryuji Sakakibara, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Rizwan Hamid, Thomas M Kessler, Anton Emmanuel
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines for the management of neurological disease and lower bowel dysfunction have been produced by the International Consultations on Incontinence (ICI). These are comprehensive guidelines, and were developed to have world-wide relevance. AIMS: To update clinical management of neurogenic bowel dysfunction from the recommendations of the 4th ICI, 2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of evidence reviews and updates were performed by members of the working group...
June 22, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640965/atypical-depression-and-double-depression-predict-new-onset-cardiovascular-disease-in-u-s-adults
#13
Stephanie M Case, Manisha Sawhney, Jesse C Stewart
BACKGROUND: Although depression is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), it is unknown whether this risk varies across depressive disorder subtypes. Thus, we investigated atypical major depressive disorder (MDD) and double depression as predictors of new-onset CVD in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: Prospective data from 28,726 adults initially free of CVD who participated in Wave 1 (2001-2002) and Wave 2 (2004-2005) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) were examined...
June 22, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640916/severe-hearing-impairment-and-risk-of-depression-a-national-cohort-study
#14
So Young Kim, Hyung-Jong Kim, Eun-Kyu Park, Jiwon Joe, Songyong Sim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: Hearing impairment is suggested to be associated with depression in the elderly. The present study evaluated the risk of depression after hearing impairment in all age groups matched by age, sex, income, and region of residence. METHODS: The Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service-National Patient Samples were collected for a period from 2002 to 2013. Hearing impairment was defined as a hearing threshold ≥ 60 dB in both ears or as ≥ 80 dB in one ear and ≥ 40 dB in one ear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640885/phylogeography-of-a-tough-rock-survivor-in-european-dry-grasslands
#15
Daniela Listl, Peter Poschlod, Christoph Reisch
Phylogeographic analyses of plants in Europe have revealed common glacial refugia and migration routes for several trees and herbs with arctic-alpine distributions. The postglacial histories of dry grassland species in central Europe have rarely been analyzed, even though the extremely species-rich habitat is threatened. Sedum album (Crassulaceae) is a common inhabitant of rocky sites in central European dry grasslands. We inferred the phylogeographic history of S. album over its distribution range in Europe...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640839/assessment-of-recall-error-in-self-reported-food-consumption-histories-among-adults-particularly-delay-of-interviews-decrease-completeness-of-food-histories-germany-2013
#16
Maximilian Gertler, Irina Czogiel, Klaus Stark, Hendrik Wilking
INTRODUCTION: Poor recall during investigations of foodborne outbreaks may lead to misclassifications in exposure ascertainment. We conducted a simulation study to assess the frequency and determinants of recall errors. METHODS: Lunch visitors in a cafeteria using exclusively cashless payment reported their consumption of 13 food servings available daily in the three preceding weeks using a self-administered paper-questionnaire. We validated this information using electronic payment information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640828/bovine-leukemia-virus-linked-to-breast-cancer-in-australian-women-and-identified-before-breast-cancer-development
#17
Gertrude C Buehring, HuaMin Shen, Daniel A Schwartz, James S Lawson
Bovine leukemia virus (BLV), a common virus of cattle globally, was believed for decades not to infect humans. More recent techniques (in situ PCR and DNA sequencing) enabled detection of BLV in human breast tissue, and determination of its significant association with breast cancer in a US population. Using similar techniques to study 96 Australian women, we report here detection of retrotranscribed BLV DNA in breast tissue of 40/50(80%) of women with breast cancer versus 19/46(41%) of women with no history of breast cancer, indicating an age-adjusted odds ratio and confidence interval of 4...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640780/challenges-in-acute-care-surgery-shootout-at-the-o-k-corral-history-revisited
#18
Gary A Vercruysse, Zachary M Bauman, Jordan Roman, Peter M Rhee, Ernest E Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640713/dispersal-hazards-of-pseudogymnoascus-destructans-by-bats-and-human-activity-at-hibernacula-in-summer
#19
Anne E Ballmann, Miranda R Torkelson, Elizabeth A Bohuski, Robin E Russell, David S Blehert
Bats occupying hibernacula during summer are exposed to Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd), the causative agent of white-nose syndrome (WNS), and may contribute to its dispersal. Furthermore, equipment and clothing exposed to cave environments are a potential source for human-assisted spread of Pd. To explore dispersal hazards for Pd during the nonhibernal season, we tested samples that were collected from bats, the environment, and equipment at hibernacula in the eastern US between 18 July-22 August 2012. Study sites included six hibernacula known to harbor bats with Pd with varying winter-count impacts from WNS and two hibernacula (control sites) without prior history of WNS...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640697/current-clinical-challenges-in-childhood-ependymoma-a-focused-review
#20
Thomas E Merchant
Ependymoma is a locally aggressive tumor with metastatic potential that arises in diverse locations throughout the brain and spine in children. Tumor and treatment may result in significant morbidity. Cure remains elusive for many patients owing to diverse biology and resistance to conventional therapy. The implementation of systematic postoperative irradiation in clinical trials during the past 20 years has increased the proportion of patients achieving durable disease control with excellent results, as measured by objective functional outcome measures...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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