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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166215/interoception-and-awareness-of-physiological-sexual-arousal-in-women-with-sexual-arousal-concerns
#1
Ariel B Handy, Cindy M Meston
Laboratory studies assessing physiological genital arousal have largely failed to find differences between women with and without female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD). Therefore, it is possible that women with FSAD may be unaware of their genital arousal response. The present study examined the extent to which women with FSAD can report their genital arousal response, as well as the role of interoception (body awareness) in this relationship. Additionally, this study examined the influence of interoception on the relationship between subjective and genital arousal...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163969/ercp-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-is-feasible-and-safe-results-from-a-tertiary-care-center
#2
Jasmin Felux, Ekkehard Sturm, Andreas Busch, Emanuel Zerabruck, Florian Graepler, Dietmar Stüker, Andreas Manger, Hans-Joachim Kirschner, Gunnar Blumenstock, Nisar P Malek, Martin Goetz
Background: Indications for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in children differ from adults. Paucity of data and concerns about potential lower effectiveness and more side effects limit its use even in high volume centers. We retrospectively analyzed indications, success rates, limitations, and side effects of ERCPs in children <18 years. Methods: From January 2012 to March 2015, 54 ERCPs were performed in 31 children (median age 11 (0-17) years; median weight 22 (3...
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163668/sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-and-risks-of-very-young-adolescent-refugees-and-migrants-from-myanmar-living-in-thailand
#3
Catherine Lee, Yasmina Aules, Samira Sami, Paw Kree Lar, Jennifer Schlect, Courtland Robinson
Background: The very young adolescent (VYA) population age 10-14 years is often neglected in the field of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) research due to the combined sensitivity of the topic and the young age group, resulting in little data about the SRH needs and concerns of VYA. In 2013, the Women's Refugee Commission (WRC), Johns Hopkins University (JHU), Adolescent and Reproductive Health Network (ARHN) and Karen Youth Organization (KYO) implemented qualitative participatory research to explore the SRH needs and risks of VYA...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162161/international-szent-gy%C3%A3-rgyi-prize-for-progress-in-cancer-research-basic-and-translational-research-recognition-mary-claire-king-received-the-2016-prize-for-her-pioneering-research-that-demonstrated-the-first-evidence-of-genetic-predisposition-to-breast-cancer
#4
EDITORIAL
Hali Hartmann, Jie Zhao, Sujuan Ba
The Szent-Györgyi Prize for Progress in Cancer Research is a prestigious scientific award sponsored by the National Foundation for Cancer Research (NFCR)-a leading cancer research charitable organization in the United States that supports innovative cancer research globally with the ultimate goal to cure cancer. The coveted Szent-Györgyi Prize annually honors a scientist whose seminal discovery or body of work has resulted in, or led toward, notable contributions to cancer prevention, diagnosis, or treatment; and the discovery has had a high direct impact of saving people's lives...
November 21, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162117/community-based-intervention-to-prevent-domestic-violence-against-women-in-the-reproductive-age-in-northwestern-ethiopia-a-protocol-for-quasi-experimental-study
#5
Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, Augustine Ankomah
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a well understood devastating global pandemic, and human right violation. One in three women experienced intimate partner violence worldwide. In Ethiopia, the level of domestic violence against women is one of the highest in the world. However, Ethiopia is signatory for various conventions and incorporated in legal frameworks. Nevertheless, effective implementation of the existing policy documents, and engaging different stakeholders is very limited...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161529/developing-a-serious-videogame-for-preteens-to-motivate-hpv-vaccination-decision-making-land-of-secret-gardens
#6
Joan R Cates, Bernard F Fuemmeler, Sandra J Diehl, Laurie L Stockton, Jeannette Porter, Chioma Ihekweazu, Arshya S Gurbani, Tamera Coyne-Beasley
INTRODUCTION: Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) is routinely recommended for ages 11-12, yet in 2016 only 49.5% of women and 37.5% of men had completed the three-dose series in the United States. Offering information and cues to action through a serious videogame for preteens may foster HPV vaccination awareness, information seeking, and communication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An iterative process was used to develop an interactive videogame, Land of Secret Gardens...
November 21, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159932/barriers-to-adopting-a-mediterranean-diet-in-northern-european-adults-at-high-risk-of-developing-cardiovascular-disease
#7
S E Moore, C T McEvoy, L Prior, J Lawton, C C Patterson, F Kee, M Cupples, I S Young, K Appleton, M C McKinley, J V Woodside
BACKGROUND: Strong evidence links the consumption of a Mediterranean diet (MD) with a reduced cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, there is uncertainty as to whether non-Mediterranean regions will adopt this diet. The present qualitative research aimed to investigate attitudes towards a MD in individuals at high CVD risk in a Northern European population. This information is needed to inform development of MD interventions in non-Mediterranean high-risk populations. METHODS: Focus groups (n = 12) were held with individuals at high CVD risk from Northern Europe (≥2 CVD risk factors, aged ≥50 years, no established CVD/type 2 diabetes)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158917/lipodystrophy-among-hiv-infected-patients-attending-care-and-treatment-clinics-in-dar-es-salaam
#8
Marina Njelekela, Rose Mpembeni, Alfa Muhihi, Nzovu Ulenga, Eric Aris, Deodatus Kakoko
Background: HIV infection and long-term HAART use are associated with metabolic and morphological changes. We assessed prevalence, types, and risk factors associated with lipodystrophy among HIV-infected adults attending CTC in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods: Analysis included 466 HIV-infected patients. Study protocol involved administration of structured questionnaire to collect sociodemographic and clinical information. Diagnosis of lipodystrophy was based on physician clinical assessment...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155249/interoceptive-accuracy-and-body-awareness-temporal-and-longitudinal-associations-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#9
Eszter Ferentzi, Raechel Drew, Benedek T Tihanyi, Ferenc Köteles
OBJECTIVE: Various aspects of interoception are regarded as temporally stable phenomena. This study investigates the temporal stability of and longitudinal associations between interoceptive accuracy (as measured with heartbeat tracking task) and a related concept, body awareness (assessed by self-report). METHODS: In a two-month longitudinal study 103 university students (31% male, 23.34±4.34yrs.; 44 Hungarians; 36.4% male, 21.4±1.67yrs. and 59 Norwegians; 25...
November 15, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154598/-i-feel-like-i-do-not-exist-a-study-of-dissociative-experiences-among-war-traumatized-refugee-youth
#10
Sabina Gušić, Andrea Malešević, Etzel Cardeña, Hans Bengtsson, Hans Peter Søndergaard
OBJECTIVE: War-traumatized refugee children and adolescents have been overlooked in research on trauma-related dissociation, and whatever research has been conducted has relied almost exclusively on questionnaires. The present study was an exploration of dissociative experiences in multitraumatized war-refugee youth. METHOD: In this study, we used a mixed-method approach by grouping participants according to a Western-based dissociation measure (the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale; Armstrong, Putnam, Carlson, Libero, & Smith, 1997), and conducting qualitative and quantitative analyses of their verbal descriptions of mental experiences related to dissociation in the aftermath of war and resettlement...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150776/hyperpyrexia-as-the-presenting-symptom-of-intracranial-hypotension
#11
Omar Hussein, Michel Torbey
INTRODUCTION: Hyperpyrexia is a severely elevated core body temperature secondary to an elevated hypothalamic set thermo-regulatory threshold. Hyperthermia is an elevated core body temperature beyond the normal hypothalamic set thermo-regulatory threshold. Intracranial hypotension can present with a wide variety of symptoms ranging from orthostatic headache up to coma. We report a rare case of hyperpyrexia associated with intracranial hypotension. METHODS: A case report of a 55-year-old female patient with a history of angiogram-negative subarachnoid hemorrhage status post-ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement six years prior to admission who suddenly developed encephalopathy and high fever...
November 17, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147582/assessment-of-weight-management-practices-among-adults-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#12
Amita Attlee, Nour Atmani, Viktor Stromtsov, Fatima Ali, Rim Tikarly, Sarah Ryad, Ghada Salah, Hayder Hasan, Reyad Obaid
With a rise in global incidence of overweight and obesity, the number of patients seeking weight management (WM) advice is likely to increase. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of WM practices and investigate association of WM goals with sociodemographic variables and practices among United Arab Emirates (UAE) adults. An exploratory, cross-sectional research was conducted on 1275 adult males and females, residing in UAE. A structured questionnaire was administered. WM goals to lose/maintain/gain weight were reported in 88...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146989/pain-dilates-time-perception
#13
Amandine E Rey, George A Michael, Corina Dondas, Marvin Thar, Luis Garcia-Larrea, Stéphanie Mazza
We have all experienced that time seems stretched during unpleasant situations. While there is evidence of subjective time overestimation when perceiving external unpleasant stimuli, no study has measured the dilation of time when individuals experience an unpleasant situation in their own body. Here we measured the time dilation induced by a painful homeostatic deviance using temporal bisection task. We show that being in pain leads to an expansion of subjective time whereby a stronger increase in pain perception relative to non-painful stimulation leads to a stronger time-estimate distortion...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145478/electrical-impedance-tomography-amplitudes-of-cardiac-related-impedance-changes-in-the-lung-are-highly-position-dependent
#14
Michael Graf, Thomas Riedel
BACKGROUND: Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is used on the thorax to measure impedance changes due to the presence of air and blood in the lung. This experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of posture on cardiac and respiratory related impedance changes. METHODS: EIT measurements were performed on 14 healthy subjects in left-, right lateral, prone, supine and upright positions. Simultaneously, tidal volume was recorded with an ultrasonic flowmeter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145178/minor-hemisphere-major-syndromes
#15
Antonio Carota, Julien Bogousslavsky
A right "minor hemisphere" does not exist as the right hemisphere is dominant for awareness (nosognosia), spatial attention, emotional regulation, facial and voice expressions, visual recognition, and topographical orientation. Without the right hemisphere, the world would be flat, deprived of general and spatial attentions, pointing preferentially to the right side of the space, lacking visual experiences and emotions, exhibiting diminished awareness of the self and environment. Clinical-related syndromes of the right hemisphere are unilateral spatial neglect, object and face visual agnosia, the anosognosia for hemiparesis and/or hemianopia, misidentification syndromes, mania, and other obsessions for the food and the body...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144813/diagnosing-and-monitoring-endocrine-dysfunction-diabetes-and-obesity-in-a-cohort-of-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#16
Victoria Rollins Hudspeth, Stuart Harrison Gold, David Robert Clemmons
OBJECTIVE: 5-year survival for childhood cancer has increased to 80%, resulting in a growing population of adult survivors of childhood cancer (ASOCC). Long-term endocrine dysfunction is as high as 63% when screened in research protocols. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of endocrine testing, endocrine dysfunction, diabetes, obesity, and endocrinologist visits outside of a research screening protocol. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for 176 ASOCC who were diagnosed with cancer before age 18, followed at least 10 years, were now at least 18, and had survived to the time of chart review...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143267/hamstring-injury-prevention-practices-in-elite-sport-evidence-for-eccentric-strength-vs-lumbo-pelvic-training
#17
REVIEW
Anthony J Shield, Matthew N Bourne
Hamstring strain injuries are endemic in running-based sports. Given the economic and performance implications of these injuries, a significant body of research has emerged in recent years in an attempt to identify risk factors and develop or optimise injury prevention strategies. Surveys of injury prevention practices among medical and conditioning staff in elite sport suggest that many sporting clubs invest significant efforts in eccentric hamstring conditioning and lumbo-pelvic or trunk stability programmes...
November 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143101/candidate-biomarkers-in-the-cervical-vaginal-fluid-for-the-self-diagnosis-of-cervical-precancer
#18
REVIEW
Xaveer Van Ostade, Martin Dom, Wiebren Tjalma, Geert Van Raemdonck
PURPOSE: Despite improvement in vaccines against human papilloma virus (HPV), the causative agent of cervical cancer, screening women for cervical precancer will remain indispensable in the coming 30-40 years. A simple test that could be performed at home or at a doctor's practice and that informs the woman whether she is at risk would significantly help make a broader group of patients who aware that they need medical treatment. Cervical vaginal fluid (CVF) is a body fluid that is very well suited for such a test...
November 15, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140637/hazard-identification-and-risk-assessment-for-improving-farm-safety-on-canadian-farms
#19
Hassan S Chattha, Kenneth W Corscadden, Qamar U Zaman
Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries worldwide. The number of serious accidents on farms, despite sophisticated technology, development of effective prevention methods, and high-quality training and improved skill levels of farmers, is still very high. The purpose of this study was to develop and apply a generic farm safety protocol to hazards that have been identified in previously published literature and demonstrate the potential benefits of such a protocol with a view to raising awareness of farm safety...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139077/spatiotemporal-patterns-and-source-attribution-of-nitrogen-pollution-in-a-typical-headwater-agricultural-watershed-in-southeastern-china
#20
Wenjun Chen, Bin He, Daniel Nover, Weili Duan, Chuan Luo, Kaiyan Zhao, Wen Chen
Excessive nitrogen (N) discharge from agriculture causes widespread problems in aquatic ecosystems. Knowledge of spatiotemporal patterns and source attribution of N pollution is critical for nutrient management programs but is poorly studied in headwaters with various small water bodies and mini-point pollution sources. Taking a typical small watershed in the low mountains of Southeastern China as an example, N pollution and source attribution were studied for a multipond system around a village using the Hydrological Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF) model...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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