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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227951/smartsock-a-wearable-platform-for-context-aware-assessment-of-ankle-edema
#1
Ramin Fallahzadeh, Mahdi Pedram, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Ramin Fallahzadeh, Mahdi Pedram, Hassan Ghasemzadeh
Ankle edema an important symptom for monitoring patients with chronic systematic diseases. It is an important indicator of onset or exacerbation of a variety of diseases that disturb cardiovascular, renal, or hepatic system such as heart, liver, and kidney failure, diabetes, etc. The current approaches toward edema assessment are conducted during clinical visits. In-clinic assessments, in addition to being burdensome and expensive, are sometimes not reliable and neglect important contextual factors such as patient's physical activity level and body posture...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227540/a-preliminary-study-for-quantitative-assessment-of-upper-limb-proprioception
#2
Sara Contu, Asif Hussain, Lorenzo Masia, Domenico Campolo, Sara Contu, Asif Hussain, Lorenzo Masia, Domenico Campolo, Asif Hussain, Lorenzo Masia, Sara Contu, Domenico Campolo
Proprioception, or sense of position and movement of the body, strongly correlates with motor recovery of the hemiplegic arm. The evaluation of the awareness of the location of joints in space involves measuring the accuracy of joint-angle replication. Robotic devices allow an accurate manipulation of joint movements necessary to assess proprioceptive status. This study evaluated the proprioceptive performance of healthy subjects by mean of the H-Man, a planar robot designed for upper-limb rehabilitation to gather preliminary normative data for neurorehabilitation applications...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226562/context-aware-fall-detection-using-inertial-sensors-and-time-of-flight-transceivers
#3
Mahesh C Shastry, Meysam Asgari, Eric A Wan, Joseph Leitschuh, Nicholas Preiser, Jon Folsom, John Condon, Michelle Cameron, Peter G Jacobs, Mahesh C Shastry, Meysam Asgari, Eric A Wan, Joseph Leitschuh, Nicholas Preiser, Jon Folsom, John Condon, Michelle Cameron, Peter G Jacobs, Michelle Cameron, Jon Folsom, Meysam Asgari, John Condon, Nicholas Preiser, Joseph Leitschuh, Peter G Jacobs, Mahesh C Shastry, Eric A Wan
Automatic detection of falls is important for enabling people who are older to safely live independently longer within their homes. Current automated fall detection systems are typically designed using inertial sensors positioned on the body that generate an alert if there is an abrupt change in motion. These inertial sensors provide no information about the context of the person being monitored and are prone to false positives that can limit their ongoing usage. We describe a fall-detection system consisting of a wearable inertial measurement unit (IMU) and an RF time-of-flight (ToF) transceiver that ranges with other ToF beacons positioned throughout a home...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224259/a-black-theological-response-to-race-based-medicine-reconciliation-in-minority-communities
#4
Kirk A Johnson
The harm race-based medicine inflicts on minority bodies through race-based experimentation and the false solutions a race-based drug ensues within minority communities provokes concern. Such areas analyze the minority patient in a physical proxy. Though the mind and body are important entities, we cannot forget about the spirit. Healing is not just a physical practice; it includes spiritual practice. Efficient medicine includes the holistic elements of the mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, the spiritual discipline of black theology can be used as a tool to mend the harms of race-based medicine...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217724/quality-of-life-among-female-cancer-survivors-in-africa-an-integrative-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Rhoda Suubi Muliira, Anna Santos Salas, Beverley O'Brien
Quality of life (QOL) has been studied extensively among cancer populations in high income countries where cancer care resources are available to many. Little is known concerning the QOL of cancer groups residing in Africa where resources can be scarce. The integrative review of the literature explored and critically examined studies that had addressed QOL in female cancer survivors in Africa. The extent to which QOL studies incorporated a cultural perspective was also examined. Research studies published between 2005 and 2015 were retrieved from five databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, ProQuest dissertations and Theses full text, and GlobalHealth...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215594/adult-onset-satoyoshi-syndrome-in-a-young-male
#6
Vinícius Viana Abreu Montanaro, Thiago Falcão Hora, Christian Marques Couto, Flavio Diniz Ribas
Satoyoshi syndrome is a rare condition of presumed autoimmune etiology that is characterized by intermittent painful spasms, diarrhea, hair loss, and bone abnormalities. We report the first case of adult onset Satoyoshi syndrome in South America. A 32-year-old Caucasian male presented with sudden involuntary muscle contractions and painful cramps that had started at the age of 21. He also presented with trismus and complete loss of body hair. Electroneuromyography showed abnormal spontaneous activity. Diagnosis of Satoyoshi syndrome was made after extensive investigation; improvement was achieved with corticosteroids and azathioprine...
January 20, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212526/can-you-feel-the-body-that-you-see-on-the-relationship-between-interoceptive-accuracy-and-body-image
#7
Giorgia Zamariola, Flavia Cardini, Emanuel Mian, Andrea Serino, Manos Tsakiris
Interoception and exteroception for body signals are two different ways of perceiving the self: the first from within, the second from outside. We investigated the relationship between Interoceptive Accuracy (IAcc) and external perception of the body and we tested if seeing the body from an external perspective can affect IAcc. Fifty-two healthy female subjects performed a standard heartbeat perception task to assess the IAcc, before and after the Body Image Revealer (BIR), which is a body perception task designed to assess the different aspects of body-image...
February 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210786/females-younger-patients-and-patients-with-high-bmi-have-the-highest-pre-operative-knee-awareness-measured-using-the-forgotten-joint-score
#8
Dana Li, A Troelsen, L Ingelsrud, H Husted, K Gromov
PURPOSE: The Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) is a novel measurement for patients' awareness of their knee in daily life. By identifying factors that could explain pre-operative FJS levels, the clinician could better prioritize and single out patients who would benefit most from TKA. The aim of this study was to identify possible factors that may explain the variance of pre-operative FJS levels and evaluate the relationship between pre-operative FJS and pre-operative Oxford Knee Score (OKS)...
February 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210458/osseous-oral-hyaline-ring-granuloma-mimicking-a-mandible-tumor-in-a-child-with-congenital-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum
#9
Rodrigo Neves-Silva, Camilla-Borges Ferreira-Gomes, Natalia Palmier, Marcelo Brum-Corrêa, Oslei Paes-Almeida, Marcio Ajudarte-Lopes, Pablo Agustin-Vargas, Alan-Roger Santos-Silva
BACKGROUND: Hyaline ring granuloma (HRG) of the oral cavity is an uncommon disorder considered to be a foreign-body reaction resulting from implantation of food vegetable particles. Microscopically, it is characterized by the presence of structures of hyaline rings in an inflamed fibrous tissue background, which contains multinucleated giant cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present the case of a 4-year-old boy diagnosed with a mandible osseous HRG, which showed clinical and tomographic aspects suggestive of an aggressive bone tumor...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210408/patterns-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#10
Padmanidhi Agarwal, Divya Mehrotra, Rajul Agarwal, Sumit Kumar, Rahul Pandey
This study aimed to obtain dependable epidemiologic data of the variation in cause and characteristics of maxillofacial fractures by identifying, describing, and quantifying trauma. This retrospective study was conducted in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India, over 1 year, based on a systematic computer-assisted database search from March 2015 to March 2016 for maxillofacial fractures. The demographics, etiology, geographic distribution, date of injury, site and number of fractures, and type of intervention were recorded for each...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208745/astrocytic-pathological-calcium-homeostasis-and-impaired-vesicle-trafficking-in-neurodegeneration
#11
REVIEW
Nina Vardjan, Alexej Verkhratsky, Robert Zorec
Although the central nervous system (CNS) consists of highly heterogeneous populations of neurones and glial cells, clustered into diverse anatomical regions with specific functions, there are some conditions, including alertness, awareness and attention that require simultaneous, coordinated and spatially homogeneous activity within a large area of the brain. During such events, the brain, representing only about two percent of body mass, but consuming one fifth of body glucose at rest, needs additional energy to be produced...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206932/surgical-aspects-of-recurrent-inguinal-hernia-in-adults
#12
Sang Su Lee, Hyuk Jae Jung, Byung Soo Park, Gyung Mo Son, Yong Hoon Cho
Surgeons occasionally encounter a case of recurrent hernia in adult patients after the primary repair, and these cases are challenging to manage appropriately. This study was conducted to describe the clinical nature of recurrent inguinal hernia, compare the results of management, and identify the relationship between the specific risk factors and the occurrence of recurrent hernia. Retrospectively reviewed 58 patients who underwent the inguinal herniorrhaphy for recurrent hernia in a single institution. Analyzed clinical characteristics of recurrent hernia and tried to verify the relationship between smoking, obesity, and occurrence of recurrent hernia...
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203305/perceptions-of-physical-activity-among-elderly-residents-and-professionals-in-assisted-living-facilities
#13
Annsofie Mahrs Träff, Elisabet Cedersund, Catharina Nord
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is often described as being important for people of all ages, but what different people mean when they talk about physical activity is unclear. METHOD: A phenomenographic method was used to analyze how 13 older people and 17 professionals answer the question, "If I say physical activity, what does the concept mean to you?" as part of semi-structured interviews conducted in four assisted living facilities in two different municipalities...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203127/a-case-of-mysterious-impacted-duodenal-foreign-body-presenting-with-halitosis
#14
Bhavtosh Dedania, Dipen Khanapara, Amruta Panwala, Murali Dharan
The majority of gastrointestinal (GI) foreign bodies (FBs) discovered in adults are the result of intentional ingestion, most of which are found in patients with a preexisting psychiatric illness, with substance abuse disorders, or in people seeking secondary gain. No similar case of internal injuries following unintentional ingestion of a barbecue grill cleaning brush bristle has been reported. A 58-year-old Caucasian male with no significant history presented with complaint of halitosis, not improving after oral care and dental hygiene measures...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202182/implantation-and-extravillous-trophoblast-invasion-from-rare-archival-specimens-to-modern-biobanking
#15
Gerit Moser, Berthold Huppertz
Extravillous trophoblast invasion serves to attach the placenta to the uterus and to enable access to nutrients for the embryo throughout pregnancy - secretions of the uterine glands in the first trimester, maternal blood in the second and third trimester. For assessing extravillous trophoblast invasion, histology (in combination with immunohistochemistry) still plays a major role in placental research. This is especially true for the re-assessment of rare archival specimens from early human implantation sites or placenta in utero with the background of recent knowledge which may help to strengthen current hypotheses...
February 8, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197978/managing-cardiovascular-risk-in-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency
#16
REVIEW
James J Maciejko
Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL-D) is a rare, life-threatening, autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disease caused by mutations in the LIPA gene, which encodes for lysosomal acid lipase (LAL). This enzyme is necessary for the hydrolysis of cholesteryl ester and triglyceride in lysosomes. Deficient LAL activity causes accumulation of these lipids in lysosomes and a marked decrease in the cytoplasmic free cholesterol concentration, leading to dysfunctional cholesterol homeostasis. The accumulation of neutral lipid occurs predominantly in liver, spleen, and macrophages throughout the body, and the aberrant cholesterol homeostasis causes a marked dyslipidemia...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192106/blaming-the-brain-for-obesity-integration-of-hedonic-and-homeostatic-mechanisms
#17
Hans-Rudolf Berthoud, Heike Münzberg, Christopher D Morrison
The brain plays a key role in the controls of energy intake and expenditure and many genes associated with obesity are expressed in the central nervous system. Technological and conceptual advances in both basic and clinical neurosciences have expanded the traditional view of homeostatic regulation of body weight by mainly the hypothalamus to include hedonic controls of appetite by cortical and subcortical brain areas processing external sensory information, reward, cognition, and executive functions. Thus, hedonic controls interact with homeostatic controls to regulate body weight in a flexible and adaptive manner that takes environmental conditions into account...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190825/excessive-game-playing-is-associated-with-poor-toothbrushing-behavior-among-athletic-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-miyagi-japan
#18
Masahiro Tsuchiya, Haruki Momma, Takuya Sekiguchi, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Makoto Watanabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Ryoichi Nagatomi
Dental problems among athletes have been cautioned due to negative impacts not only on their oral health but also on athletic performance. Acquirement of appropriate oral health behavior mainly composed of toothbrushing in childhood can be one of the most important strategies for advancing children's athletic possibilities. Although habits of screen viewing, including game playing, and TV viewing have direct impacts on children's health and behavioral development, little is known about the association between these habits and toothbrushing frequency...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183241/metronidazole-and-norfloxacin-induced-generalized-fixed-drug-eruptions-in-an-adult-male-patient-a-case-report
#19
Nidhi S Patel, Bhavesh C Chavada, Viren N Naik, Hiteshkumar N Patel, C B Tripathi
INTRODUCTION: Fluoroquinolones are most widely used for empirical treatment of gastrointestinal disease due to emergence of drug resistant strains to other antimicrobials. They are also indulged in cutaneous adverse drug reactions with varying form of severity. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43 year old male patient developed fixed drug eruptions after administration of tablet norfloxacin and metronidazole for treatment of colicky abdominal pain with diarrhoea. Erythematous rashes involved whole body including buccal mucosa...
February 9, 2017: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182089/a-rare-case-of-signet-ring-cell-lymphoma-diagnosis-aided-by-immunofluorescent-staining
#20
Charusheela R Gore, N K Panicker, Harsh Kumar, Archana Buch, S S Chandanwale
Signet ring cell lymphomas are the proliferations of malignant lymphoid cells containing cytoplasmic vacuoles or globules which displace the nuclei, imparting it a signet ring appearance. This rare tumor is a variant of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Signet ring appearance is due to cytoplasmic accumulation of immunoglobulin or vacuoles derived from multivesicular bodies. These cells, particularly with cytoplasmic vacuoles, may be mistaken for adenocarcinoma cells. We are presenting one such case where immunofluorescence helped us to demonstrate the immunoglobulins on fine needle aspiration smears...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
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