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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526632/erythrocytosis-following-testosterone-therapy
#1
REVIEW
Samuel J Ohlander, Bibin Varghese, Alexander W Pastuszak
INTRODUCTION: A rapid increase in awareness of androgen deficiency has led to substantial increases in prescribing of testosterone therapy (TTh), with benefits of improvements in mood, libido, bone density, muscle mass, body composition, energy, and cognition. However, TTh can be limited by its side effects, particularly erythrocytosis. This review examines the literature on testosterone-induced erythrocytosis and polycythemia. AIM: To review the available literature on testosterone-induced erythrocytosis, discuss possible mechanisms for pathophysiology, determine the significance of formulation, and elucidate potential thromboembolic risk...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522246/patient-obesity-influences-pelvic-lift-during-cup-insertion-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-through-a-lateral-transgluteal-approach-in-supine-position
#2
Steffen Brodt, Dimitri Nowack, Benjamin Jacob, Linda Krakow, Christoph Windisch, Georg Matziolis
BACKGROUND: Movement of the pelvis during implantation of total hip arthroplasty (THA) has a major influence on the positioning of the acetabular cup. Strong traction caused by retractors leads to iatrogenic pelvic lift and can thus be partly responsible for cup malpositioning. The objective of this study was to investigate such factors that influence pelvic lift. METHODS: The dynamic movement of the pelvis was measured during implantation of THA in 67 patients...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521566/quality-of-life-in-turkish-infertile-couples-and-related-factors
#3
Asli Goker, Emre Yanikkerem, Ozer Birge, Naci Kemal Kuscu
Infertility is a major life crisis affecting couples' psychosocial and physical health. We aimed to assess the quality of life in Turkish infertile couples. This cross-sectional survey was carried out in 127 infertile couples admitted to a University Hospital. The quality of life was measured using the fertility quality of life tool (FertiQoL) scale. Women had lower overall quality of life than men. Women and men who were married for fewer than 10 years had a significantly lower emotional score. Women who had a history of infertility treatment, men who have lived in the town or village men with primary infertility and men who have had primary education or lower, had lower scores for mind/body subscale...
May 19, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515933/evaluation-of-a-multiprofessional-nonsurgical-obesity-treatment-program-which-parameters-indicated-life-style-changes-and-weight-loss
#4
Pjanic, Roland Müller, Markus Laimer, Niels Hagenbuch, Kurt Laederach, Zeno Stanga
BACKGROUND: According to the current evidence, behavior modifications are an effective part of a non-surgical multiprofessional obesity treatment program (MOTP). The purpose of the present study was to report changes in weight as well in psychological variables during a one year MOTP. We aimed to identify the associations of emotional state and patients' emotion regulation skills with weight change. METHODS: Prospective interventional study. Data of participants attending the one year obesity treatment in either a group or individual structured MOTP were analyzed...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511849/cardiometabolic-healthy-obesity-paradigm-and-all-cause-mortality-risk
#5
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cardiometabolic healthy obesity paradigm as it relates to all-cause mortality risk, with effect moderation evaluated for physical activity and demographic characteristics. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2006 NHANES were used. The analytic sample included 7579 dietary fasting adults (20+ yrs). All-cause mortality was linked with participant data from the National Death Index. Metabolic health was based on fasting levels of triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, glucose and blood pressure...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510506/signaling-at-the-crossroads-matrix-derived-proteoglycan-and-reactive-oxygen-species-signaling
#6
Madalina-Viviana Nastase, Andrea Janicova, Malgorzata Wygrecka, Liliana Schaefer
SIGNIFICANCE: Proteoglycans (PGs), besides their structural contribution, have emerged as dynamic components that mediate a multitude of cellular events. The various roles of PGs are attributed to their structure, spatial localization, and ability to act as ligands and receptors. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are small mediators, which are generated in physiological and pathological conditions. Besides their reactivity and ability to induce oxidative stress, a growing body of data suggests that ROS signaling is more relevant than direct radical damage in development of human pathologies...
May 16, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508140/the-state-and-future-of-the-primary-care-behavioral-health-model-of-service-delivery-workforce
#7
Neftali Serrano, Colleen Cordes, Barbara Cubic, Suzanne Daub
The growth of the Primary Care Behavioral Health model (PCBH) nationally has highlighted and created a workforce development challenge given that most mental health professionals are not trained for primary care specialization. This work provides a review of the current efforts to retrain mental health professionals to fulfill roles as Behavioral Health Consultants (BHCs) including certificate programs, technical assistance programs, literature and on-the-job training, as well as detail the future needs of the workforce if the model is to sustainably proliferate...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506675/impact-of-comorbidities-on-outcome-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#8
Fanny L Loth, Johannes M Giesinger, Karlmeinrad Giesinger, Deborah J MacDonald, A Hamish R W Simpson, Colin R Howie, David F Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome scores gain increasing importance in quantifying clinical success and procedure remuneration. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of comorbidity on joint-specific outcome and general health in patients undergoing elective total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Longitudinal data on THA procedures were used to evaluate the association between comorbidity and surgical outcome in terms of joint-specific measures and general health (Forgotten Joint Score-12 [FJS-12], Oxford Hip Score [OHS], and Short Form-12) at 1-year follow-up...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505979/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of%C3%A2-prevalence-studies-of-sporadic-inclusion-body-myositis
#9
Aoife Callan, Gorana Capkun, Vijayalakshmi Vasanthaprasad, Rita Freitas, Merrilee Needham
BACKGROUND: Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis (sIBM) is a rare and slowly progressive debilitating muscle disease with symptoms generally developing≥50 years of age. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of sIBM literature, including a methodological quality assessment of the selected papers. METHODS: A systematic search of Medline, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and major Myositis and Neurological conferences was conducted...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502410/performance-awareness-predicting-cognitive-performance-during-simulated-shiftwork-using-chronobiological-measures
#10
Drew M Morris, June J Pilcher, Joseph B Mulvihill, Melissa A Vander Wood
Physiological tracers of circadian rhythms and a performance awareness index were examined as predictors of cognitive performance during two sleep deprivation conditions common to occupational shiftwork. Study 1: Thirty-three sleep-deprived participants completed a simulated nightshift. Study 2: Thirty-two partially sleep-deprived participants completed a simulated dayshift. A standardized logic test was used to measure cognitive performance. Body temperature and heart rate were measured as chronobiological indices of endogenous circadian rhythms...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502251/st-john-s-wort-hypericum-perforatum-induced-psychosis-a-case-report
#11
Maria Ferrara, Francesco Mungai, Fabrizio Starace
BACKGROUND: St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) has been known for centuries for its therapeutic properties and its efficacy as an antidepressant has been confirmed by a growing body of evidence. During the last two decades it has also come to prominence with a wider public, due to advertising efforts across Europe and United States of America. However, its availability without prescription, as an over-the-counter medication, raises some concern regarding its clinical management and unsupervised administration to individuals with psychopathological risks...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501758/modulating-anosognosia-for-hemiplegia-the-role-of-dangerous-actions-in-emergent-awareness
#12
Daniela D'Imperio, Cristina Bulgarelli, Sara Bertagnoli, Renato Avesani, Valentina Moro
Anosognosia for hemiplegia is a lack of awareness of motor deficits following a right hemisphere lesion. Residual forms of awareness co-occur with an explicit denial of hemiplegia. The term emergent awareness refers to a condition in which awareness of motor deficits is reported verbally during the actual performance of an action involving the affected body part. In this study, two tasks were used to explore the potential effects of i) attempting actions which are impossible for sufferers of hemiplegia and ii) attempting actions which are potentially dangerous...
April 21, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501385/full-and-partial-thickness-burns-from-spontaneous-combustion-of-e-cigarette-lithium-ion-batteries-with-review-of-literature
#13
Daniela Treitl, Rachele Solomon, Dafney L Davare, Rafael Sanchez, Chauniqua Kiffin
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has increased worldwide. Most electronic nicotine delivery systems use rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, which are relatively safe, but in rare cases these batteries can spontaneously combust, leading to serious full and partial thickness burn injuries. Explosions from lithium-ion batteries can cause a flash fire and accelerant-related burn injuries. CASE REPORT: A retrospective chart review was conducted of 3 patients with lithium-ion battery burns seen at our Level I community-based trauma center...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500022/what-matters-in-weight-loss-an-in-depth-analysis-of-self-monitoring
#14
Stefanie Lynn Painter, Rezwan Ahmed, James O Hill, Robert F Kushner, Richard Lindquist, Scott Brunning, Amy Margulies
BACKGROUND: Using technology to self-monitor body weight, dietary intake, and physical activity is a common practice used by consumers and health companies to increase awareness of current and desired behaviors in weight loss. Understanding how to best use the information gathered by these relatively new methods needs to be further explored. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the contribution of self-monitoring to weight loss in participants in a 6-month commercial weight-loss intervention administered by Retrofit and to specifically identify the significant contributors to weight loss that are associated with behavior and outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499376/benefits-of-preparing-for-childbirth-with-mindfulness-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-active-comparison
#15
Larissa G Duncan, Michael A Cohn, Maria T Chao, Joseph G Cook, Jane Riccobono, Nancy Bardacke
BACKGROUND: Childbirth fear is linked with lower labor pain tolerance and worse postpartum adjustment. Empirically validated childbirth preparation options are lacking for pregnant women facing this problem. Mindfulness approaches, now widely disseminated, can alleviate symptoms of both chronic and acute pain and improve psychological adjustment, suggesting potential benefit when applied to childbirth education. METHODS: This study, the Prenatal Education About Reducing Labor Stress (PEARLS) study, is a randomized controlled trial (RCT; n = 30) of a short, time-intensive, 2...
May 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498499/heterogeneous-extracellular-dopamine-regulation-in-the-subregions-of-the-olfactory-tubercle
#16
Jinwoo Park, Ken T Wakabayashi, Caitlin Szalkowski, Rohan V Bhimani
Recent studies show that dense dopamine (DA) innervation from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) to the olfactory tubercle (OT) may play an important role in processing multisensory information pertaining to arousal and reward, yet little is known about DA regulation in the OT. This is mainly due to the anatomical limitations of conventional methods of determining DA dynamics in small heterogeneous OT subregions located in the ventral most part of the brain. Additionally, there is increasing awareness that anteromedial and anterolateral subregions of the OT have distinct functional roles in natural and psychostimulant drug reinforcement as well as in regulating other types of behavioral responses, such as aversion...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497716/polyglucosan-bodies-in-placental-extravillious-trophoblast-for-the-diagnosis-of-fatal-perinatal-neuromuscular-type-glycogen-storage-disease-type-iv
#17
Weiming Yu, Marie-Anne Brundler, James R Wright
The fatal infantile neuromuscular type is the most severe form of glycogen storage disease type IV. We report a case of a 22-day-old female neonate born at 34 weeks gestation with polyhyramnios, fetal hydrops, and severe hypotonia. Placental examination revealed numerous periodic acid schiff (PAS)-positive diastase-resistant polyglucosan bodies in the cytoplasm of extravillous trophoblast predominantly in the placental basal plate. Muscle biopsy and autopsy findings supported a diagnosis of neuromuscular-type glycogen storage disease IV with extensive involvement of skeletal muscle, heart, and liver...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496554/relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-obesity-awareness-in-school-students
#18
Hassan D Alasmari, Abdullah D Al-Shehri, Tariq A Aljuaid, Bassam A Alzaidi, Khaled A Alswat
BACKGROUND: The primary aim was to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among the participants and its relationship to obesity awareness. METHODS: A cross-sectional study that included intermediate and high schools students was conducted between April 2014 and June 2015. Anthropometric measurements were obtained by the researchers and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. We used the obesity risk knowledge (ORK-10) scale to assess obesity awareness. Participants who answered ≥ 5 out of 10 questions correctly were considered to be aware...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496427/the-relationship-between-ses-and-reading-comprehension-in-chinese-a-mediation-model
#19
Yahua Cheng, Xinchun Wu
An increasing body of research provides evidence that socioeconomic status (SES) was significantly related to children's reading development; however, the psychological mechanism underlying the association between them remained an open question. The present study is designed to test the hypothesized three-path effect of vocabulary knowledge and morphological awareness as mediators between SES and sentence reading comprehension in Chinese first-graders. Results of mediation model showed that SES exerted its effect on sentence reading comprehension through the indirect path via the simple mediating effect of morphological awareness and the three-path mediating effect of vocabulary knowledge and morphological awareness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495404/does-aedes-albopictus-diptera-culicidae-play-any-role-in-usutu-virus-transmission-in-northern-italy-experimental-oral-infection-and-field-evidences
#20
Arianna Puggioli, Paolo Bonilauri, Mattia Calzolari, Davide Lelli, Marco Carrieri, Sandra Urbanelli, Dubravka Pudar, Romeo Bellini
This study evaluated the vector competence of Aedes albopictus in transmitting USUV after oral infection under laboratory conditions. Ae. albopictus showed a low vector competence for USUV, although the positive body sample found with a very high number of viral copies at one week post infection indicates that a replication in the mosquito body can occur, and that USUV can escape the midgut barrier. Field data from an extensive entomological arboviruses surveillance program showed a relevant incidence of Ae...
May 8, 2017: Acta Tropica
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