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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102316/electrolyte-sensing-transistor-decals-enabled-by-ultrathin-microbial-nanocellulose
#1
Jonathan D Yuen, Scott A Walper, Brian J Melde, Michael A Daniele, David A Stenger
We report an ultra-thin electronic decal that can simultaneously collect, transmit and interrogate a bio-fluid. The described technology effectively integrates a thin-film organic electrochemical transistor (sensing component) with an ultrathin microbial nanocellulose wicking membrane (sample handling component). As far as we are aware, OECTs have not been integrated in thin, permeable membrane substrates for epidermal electronics. The design of the biocompatible decal allows for the physical isolation of the electronics from the human body while enabling efficient bio-fluid delivery to the transistor via vertical wicking...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101563/world-health-organisation-global-disability-action-plan-2014-2021-challenges-and-perspectives-for-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-in-pakistan
#2
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Tahir M Sayed, Aamir W Butt, Khalid Jamil, Waseem Iqbal, Alaeldin Elmalik, Farooq A Rathore, Geoff Abbott
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on disability and outline potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP) in Pakistan. METHODS: A 6-day workshop at the Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Islamabad facilitated by rehabilitation staff from Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia. Local healthcare professionals (n = 33) from medical rehabilitation facilities identified challenges in service provision, education and attitudes/approaches to people with disabilities, using consensus agreement for objectives listed in the GDAP...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100441/assessing-the-efficacy-of-an-app-based-method-of-family-planning-the-dot-study-protocol
#3
Rebecca G Simmons, Dominick C Shattuck, Victoria H Jennings
BACKGROUND: Some 222 million women worldwide have unmet needs for contraception; they want to avoid pregnancy, but are not using a contraceptive method, primarily because of concerns about side effects associated with most available methods. Expanding contraceptive options-particularly fertility awareness options that provide women with information about which days during their menstrual cycles they are likely to become pregnant if they have unprotected intercourse-has the potential to reduce unmet need...
January 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099594/diagnosis-and-underdiagnosis-of-comorbidities-in-psoriasis-patients-need-for-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#4
Gleison Vieira Duarte, Maria de Fátima S P de Oliveira, Ivonise Follador, Thadeu Santo Silva, Edgar Marcelino de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an immune-mediated disease that manifests predominantly in the skin, although systemic involvement may also occur. Although associated comorbidities have long been recognized and despite several studies indicating psoriasis as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events, little has been done in general medical practice regardind screening. In the United States, less than 50% of clinicians are aware of these recommendations. OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of these comorbidities in 296 patients followed up at a university dermatology clinic...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099296/a-reexamination-of-the-accuracy-of-the-broselow-tape-as-an-instrument-for-weight-estimation
#5
Muhammad Waseem, Justin Chen, Mark Leber, Ashley E Giambrone, Linda M Gerber
BACKGROUND: Accurate weight estimation is important for calculating appropriate medication dosages, determining rates of fluid replacement, and selecting correct equipment sizes in critically ill children requiring resuscitation. The actual measurement of the weight of a critically ill or injured child is often not possible. The Broselow Pediatric Emergency Tape (BT) is an important tool for predicting a child's weight based on his/her height. Although BT has previously been validated, given the increasing prevalence of obesity in today's society, it behooves clinicians relying on this resuscitation aid to revisit the issue...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098107/knowledge-and-attitude-towards-organ-donation-among-adult-population-in-al-kharj-saudi-arabia
#6
Sandeep Agrawal, Saud Binsaleem, Mohammed Al-Homrani, Abdullaziz Al-Juhayim, Abdullah Al-Harbi
Organ transplantation is a lifesaving treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure. Despite the advanced medical science and technology, shortage of organs had led to a growing gap between the demand for organs and the number of donors. With a limited number of studies on the subject and based on those findings, the public knowledge and attitudes must be assessed to understand more clearly that why many people are opposing donating their organs in Saudi Arabia. The objective of our study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of the adult population toward organ donation in Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096642/awareness-of-osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-indian-women-an-evaluation-of-osteoporosis-health-belief-scale
#7
Nirmal Raj Gopinathan, Ramesh Kumar Sen, Prateek Behera, Sameer Aggarwal, Niranjan Khandelwal, Mitali Sen
CONTEXT: The level of awareness about osteoporosis in postmenopausal women who are the common sufferers. AIMS: This study aims to evaluate the level of awareness in postmenopausal women using the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Osteoporosis has emerged as a common health problem in geriatric population. A proactive role needs to be played for preventing its consequences. Before initiating any preventive measures, an evaluation of awareness level of the target population is necessary...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095535/a-systematic-review-of-paradoxical-adipose-hyperplasia-pah-post-cryolipolysis
#8
Derek Ho, Jared Jagdeo
BACKGROUND: Body sculpting, or body contouring, is among the fastest growing areas in cosmetic dermatology. Cryolipolysis, or "fat freezing," was FDA-cleared (CoolSculpting System, ZELTIQ Aesthetics, Pleasanton, CA) initially in 2010 for fat removal of the anks, and subsequently received FDA-clearance for other anatomical locations. Over the past several years, there have been increasing published reports and physician discussion regarding paradoxical adipose hyperplasia (PAH) post-cryolipolysis, previously identified as a "rare" adverse effect...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095471/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-prehypertension-and-hypertension-in-southern-china
#9
Lihua Hu, Xiao Huang, Chunjiao You, Juxiang Li, Kui Hong, Ping Li, Yanqing Wu, Qinhua Wu, Huihui Bao, Xiaoshu Cheng
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the prevalence and risk factors of prehypertension and hypertension in Jiangxi Province, China. Individuals with prehypertension frequently progress into hypertension and are at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease and stroke. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 15,296 participants (15 years or older) was conducted in Jiangxi Province, China, in 2013, using questionnaire forms and physical measurements. RESULTS: The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was 32...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095097/facilitating-awareness-of-philosophy-of-science-ethics-and-communication-through-manual-skills-training-in-undergraduate-education
#10
Hilde Lund Kordahl, Marit Fougner
BACKGROUND: Professional health science education includes a common theoretical basis concerning the theory of science, ethics and communication. Former evaluations by first-year students of the bachelor physiotherapy program at Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences (HiOA) show that they find it hard to understand the relation between these particular topics and future professional practice. This challenge is the starting point for a pedagogical development project that aims to develop learning contexts that highlight the relevance of these theoretical concepts...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088225/using-low-cost-drones-to-map-malaria-vector-habitats
#11
Andy Hardy, Makame Makame, Dónall Cross, Silas Majambere, Mwinyi Msellem
BACKGROUND: There is a growing awareness that if we are to achieve the ambitious goal of malaria elimination, we must compliment indoor-based vector control interventions (such as bednets and indoor spraying) with outdoor-based interventions such as larval source management (LSM). The effectiveness of LSM is limited by our capacity to identify and map mosquito aquatic habitats. This study provides a proof of concept for the use of a low-cost (< $1000) drone (DJI Phantom) for mapping water bodies in seven sites across Zanzibar including natural water bodies, irrigated and non-irrigated rice paddies, peri-urban and urban locations...
January 14, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086891/measurement-of-electrocardiograms-in-a-bath-through-tap-water-utilizing-capacitive-coupling-electrodes-placed-outside-the-bathtub-wall
#12
Kosuke Motoi, Yasuhiro Yamakoshi, Takehiro Yamakoshi, Hiroaki Sakai, Naoto Tanaka, Ken-Ichi Yamakoshi
BACKGROUND: Taking a bath sometimes poses a risk for subjects with chronic cardiopulmonary disorders, due to the thermal effect and water pressure on his/her body. The ECG measurement would be helpful for the early recognition of abnormal cardiac beats and respiratory conditions. This paper describes a new attempt to improve on previous bathtub ECG measurement techniques that had electrodes placed inside the bathtub that were intrusive to the subjects' bathing experience. This study is concerned with the initial development of a method to measure an electrocardiogram (ECG) through tap water without conscious awareness of the presence of electrodes that are placed outside the bathtub wall...
January 11, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081519/interoception-and-psychopathology-a-developmental-neuroscience-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Jennifer Murphy, Rebecca Brewer, Caroline Catmur, Geoffrey Bird
Interoception refers to the perception of the physiological condition of the body, including hunger, temperature, and heart rate. There is a growing appreciation that interoception is integral to higher-order cognition. Indeed, existing research indicates an association between low interoceptive sensitivity and alexithymia (a difficulty identifying one's own emotion), underscoring the link between bodily and emotional awareness. Despite this appreciation, the developmental trajectory of interoception across the lifespan remains under-researched, with clear gaps in our understanding...
December 23, 2016: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080971/interoceptive-dimensions-across-cardiac-and-respiratory-axes
#14
Sarah N Garfinkel, Miranda F Manassei, Giles Hamilton-Fletcher, Yvo In den Bosch, Hugo D Critchley, Miriam Engels
Interoception refers to the sensing of signals concerning the internal state of the body. Individual differences in interoceptive sensitivity are proposed to account for differences in affective processing, including the expression of anxiety. The majority of investigations of interoceptive accuracy focus on cardiac signals, typically using heartbeat detection tests and self-report measures. Consequently, little is known about how different organ-specific axes of interoception relate to each other or to symptoms of anxiety...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080965/feeling-learning-from-and-being-aware-of-inner-states-interoceptive-dimensions-in-neurodegeneration-and-stroke
#15
Indira García-Cordero, Lucas Sedeño, Laura de la Fuente, Andrea Slachevsky, Gonzalo Forno, Francisco Klein, Patricia Lillo, Jesica Ferrari, Clara Rodriguez, Julian Bustin, Teresa Torralva, Sandra Baez, Adrian Yoris, Sol Esteves, Margherita Melloni, Paula Salamone, David Huepe, Facundo Manes, Adolfo M García, Agustín Ibañez
Interoception is a complex process encompassing multiple dimensions, such as accuracy, learning and awareness. Here, we examined whether each of those dimensions relies on specialized neural regions distributed throughout the vast interoceptive network. To this end, we obtained relevant measures of cardiac interoception in healthy subjects and patients offering contrastive lesion models of neurodegeneration and focal brain damage: behavioural variant fronto-temporal dementia (bvFTD), Alzheimer's disease (AD) and fronto-insular stroke...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080962/-bodily-precision-a-predictive-coding-account-of-individual-differences-in-interoceptive-accuracy
#16
REVIEW
Vivien Ainley, Matthew A J Apps, Aikaterini Fotopoulou, Manos Tsakiris
Individuals differ in their awareness of afferent information from within their bodies, which is typically assessed by a heartbeat perception measure of 'interoceptive accuracy' (IAcc). Neural and behavioural correlates of this trait have been investigated, but a theoretical explanation has yet to be presented. Building on recent models that describe interoception within the free energy/predictive coding framework, this paper applies similar principles to IAcc, proposing that individual differences in IAcc depend on 'precision' in interoceptive systems, i...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080961/interoception-beyond-homeostasis-affect-cognition-and-mental-health
#17
Manos Tsakiris, Hugo Critchley
Interoception refers to the sensing of the internal state of one's body. Interoception is distinct from the processing of sensory information concerning external (non-self) stimuli (e.g. vision, hearing, touch and smell) and is the afferent axis to internal (autonomic and hormonal) physiological control. However, the impact of interoception extends beyond homeostatic/allostatic reflexes: it is proposed to be fundamental to motivation, emotion (affective feelings and behaviours), social cognition and self-awareness...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080098/knowledge-of-the-self-control-benefits-of-high-level-versus-low-level-construal
#18
Karen E MacGregor, Jessica J Carnevale, Nicole E Dusthimer, Kentaro Fujita
Research indicates that inducing high-level construal (processing that highlights invariant, essential features) relative to low-level construal (processing that highlights idiosyncratic, peripheral features) promotes self-control (Fujita & Carnevale, 2012). In the present work, we investigate to what extent people recognize the self-control benefits of high-level construal, and explore the consequences of this knowledge. Studies 1 and 2 provide initial evidence that individuals are aware that high-level relative to low-level construal promotes self-control in the dieting domain...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079509/excellent-balance-skills-despite-active-and-inactive-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-unexpected-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Josephine Merker, Matthias Hartmann, Florian Kreuzpointner, Ansgar Schwirtz, Johannes-Peter Haas
OBJECTIVES: Postural control (PC) is fundamental for human movements. Different factors, such as injuries or diseases, can adversely affect PC. The purpose of this study was to evaluate PC in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients with different disease activity levels in comparison to healthy peers. METHODS: JIA patients with active and inactive lower limb joints (n=36 each group) were examined. Both groups have been on medication and have had physiotherapy for at least 5 years...
January 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075157/visual-occlusion-during-minimally-invasive-surgery-a-contemporary-review-of-methods-to-reduce-laparoscopic-and-robotic-lens-fogging-and-other-sources-of-optical-loss
#20
Todd Galvin Manning, Marlon Perera, Daniel Christidis, Ned Kinnear, Shannon McGrath, Richard O'Beirne, Paul Zotov, Damien M Bolton, Nathan Lawrentschuk
Background Maintenance of optimal vision during minimally invasive surgery is crucial to maintaining operative awareness, efficiency and safety. Hampered vision is commonly caused by laparoscopic lens fogging (LLF) which has prompted the development of various anti-fogging fluids and warming devices. However, limited comparative evidence exists in contemporary literature. Despite technological advancements there remains no consensus as to superior methods to prevent LLF or restore visual acuity once LLF has occurred...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Endourology
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