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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926526/group-interventions-to-reduce-emotional-distress-and-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-9-month-follow-up-pragmatic-trial
#1
Charlotte Grégoire, Isabelle Bragard, Guy Jerusalem, Anne-Marie Etienne, Philippe Coucke, Gilles Dupuis, Dominique Lanctôt, Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville
BACKGROUND: Long-term effects of psychosocial interventions to reduce emotional distress, sleep difficulties, and fatigue of breast cancer patients are rarely examined. We aim to assess the effectiveness of three group interventions, based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), yoga, and self-hypnosis, in comparison to a control group at a 9-month follow-up. METHODS: A total of 123 patients chose to participate in one of the interventions. A control group was set up for those who agreed not to participate...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924684/psychotherapy-in-the-oncology-setting
#2
Mirjam de Vries, Friedrich Stiefel
A person who faces the diagnosis of cancer is subjected to changes within his body, but also with regard to his view of himself and his social relationships. Cancer related psychological distress occurs frequently and has a different prevalence according to-among other factors-cancer type and stage of disease. The main psychiatric disturbances observed in patients with cancer are adjustment disorders and affective disorders (anxiety and depression), which in the majority of patients are due to stressors related to the occurrence and threat of the disease and pre-existing psychological vulnerabilities; however, they might also be a direct consequence of biological causes either resulting from bodily modifications induced by the cancer or from treatment side effects...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923435/ptsd-burnout-and-well-being-among-rescue-workers-seeking-to-understand-the-impact-of-the-european-refugee-crisis-on-rescuers
#3
Vasiliki-Eirini Chatzea, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Sofia-Aikaterini Vlachaki, Evangelos Melidoniotis, Georgia Pistolla
Individuals who perform rescue and recovery duties, as part of their daily work activities, confront diverse stressors that can affect their mental state and overall well-being. The study aimed to assess the prevalence and the factors associated with self-assessed PTSD, perceived well-being and burnout among rescue workers operating at Lesvos during the European refugees crisis. 217 rescuers participated in the study, while the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C), the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Well-being Index (WHO-5) were utilized...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923310/factors-associated-with-specific-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-fourth-edition-sexual-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-study-of-patients-and-their-partners
#4
Susanna B Hummel, Daniela E E Hahn, Jacques J D M van Lankveld, Hester S A Oldenburg, Eva Broomans, Neil K Aaronson
BACKGROUND: Many women develop sexual problems after breast cancer (BC) treatment. Little is known about BC survivors with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) sexual dysfunction and their partners, and the factors associated with their sexual functioning. AIM: To evaluate (i) patient-related and clinical factors associated with (a) specific DSM-IV sexual dysfunctions and (b) level of sexual functioning and sexual distress as reported by BC survivors and (ii) the association between the sexual functioning of BC survivors and that of their partners...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922473/children-s-theories-of-the-self
#5
Christina Starmans
This article provides a theoretical review of the developmental origins of children's "folk theories" about the nature of the self, linking theoretical developments in philosophy with empirical discoveries from developmental psychology. The article first reviews children's views about the material nature of the self, outlining evidence that children naturally think about the self as distinct from the body. It then discusses children's understanding of the persistence of the self over time and, finally, explores children's views about conflict within the self...
September 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921612/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-reduce-the-symptoms-of-mild-to-moderate-anxiety-in-pregnant-women
#6
REVIEW
Kerry Evans, C Jane Morrell, Helen Spiby
AIM: To assess the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for pregnant women with symptoms of mild to moderate anxiety. BACKGROUND: Many pregnant women experience mild to moderate symptoms of anxiety and could benefit from additional support. Non-pharmacological interventions have been suggested for use during pregnancy. DESIGN: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Randomised controlled trials published since 1990, identified from electronic databases: Medline; CINAHL; Maternity and Infant Care; PsycINFO; Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; CENTRAL; EMBASE; Centre for Reviews and Dissemination; Social Sciences Citation Index; ASSIA; HTA Library; Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence-Based Practice database; Allied and Complementary Medicine...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919814/clinical-relevance-of-persistent-postoperative-pain-after-total-hip-replacement-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#7
Joachim Erlenwein, Martin Müller, Deborah Falla, Michael Przemeck, Michael Pfingsten, Stefan Budde, Michael Quintel, Frank Petzke
PURPOSE: The development of persistent postoperative pain may occur following surgery, including total hip replacement. Yet, the prevalence may depend on the definition of persistent pain. This observational cohort study explored whether the prevalence of persistent pain after total hip replacement differs depending on the definition of persistent pain and evaluated the impact of ongoing pain on the patient's quality of life 6 months after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pre- and postoperative characteristics of 125 patients undergoing elective total hip replacement were assessed and 104 patients were available for the follow-up interview, 6 months after surgery...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919599/clinico-biochemical-profile-of-women-with-hyperemesis-gravidarum-admitted-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#8
S Kabir, M S Basher, H Akhter, T Latif, S N Akhter, R K Karmoker, S A Shaon, K Ahmed
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the most severe form of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy with poor pregnancy outcome. Hormonal changes, psychological and immunological factors are attributed to the condition. Recently, prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among women with Hyperemesis gravidarum has been revealed. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at antenatal ward, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh among thirty-six purposively selected patients with Hyperemesis gravidarum to assess the clinic-biochemical profile...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916405/love-death-a-retrospective-and-prospective-follow-up-mortality-study-over-45-years
#9
Lena Lange, Barbra Zedler, Marcel A Verhoff, Markus Parzeller
BACKGROUND: Although sexual activity can cause moderate stress, it can cause natural death in individuals with pre-existing illness. The aim of this study was to identify additional pre-existing health problems, sexual practices, and potential circumstances that may trigger fatal events. METHODS: This medicolegal postmortem, retrospective, and prospective study is based on data of autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University hospital, Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915863/lifestyle-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-life-and-prevent-weight-gain-after-renal-transplantation-design-of-the-active-care-after-transplantation-act-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Gerald Klaassen, Dorien M Zelle, Gerjan J Navis, Desie Dijkema, Frederike J Bemelman, Stephan J L Bakker, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity and reduced physical functioning are common after renal transplantation, resulting in a reduced quality of life. Another common post-transplantation complication is poor cardio-metabolic health, which plays a main role in long-term outcomes in renal transplant recipients (RTR). It is increasingly recognized that weight gain in the first year after transplantation, especially an increase in fat mass, is a highly common contributor to cardio-metabolic risk...
September 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915797/effectiveness-of-a-16-month-multi-component-and-environmental-school-based-intervention-for-recovery-of-poor-income-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-of-the-health-multipliers-program
#11
Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategies that intervene directly in the obesogenic environment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention, lasting 16 months, on the recovery of the nutritional status of low-income children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity...
September 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915367/breathlessness-and-the-body-neuroimaging-clues-for-the-inferential-leap
#12
Olivia K Faull, Anja Hayen, Kyle T S Pattinson
Breathlessness debilitates millions of people with chronic illness. Mismatch between breathlessness severity and objective disease markers is common and poorly understood. Traditionally, sensory perception was conceptualised as a stimulus-response relationship, although this cannot explain how conditioned symptoms may occur in the absence of physiological signals from the lungs or airways. A Bayesian model is now proposed, in which the brain generates sensations based on expectations learnt from past experiences (priors), which are then checked against incoming afferent signals...
August 9, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915154/risk-factors-for-low-back-pain-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#13
Inmaculada Calvo-Muñoz, Francisco M Kovacs, Marta Roqué, Inés Gago Fernández, Jesús Seco Calvo
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with low back pain (LBP) in children and adolescents. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted (Prospero CRD42016038186). Observational studies analyzing LBP risk factors among subjects aged between 9 and 16 were searched for in 13 electronic databases and 8 specialized journals until March 31st, 2016, with no language restrictions. Additionally, references in the identified studies were manually tracked. All identified studies which included ≥50 subjects aged 9 to 16, were reviewed...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914815/a-systematic-review-family-support-integrated-with-diabetes-self-management-among-uncontrolled-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#14
REVIEW
Rian Adi Pamungkas, Kanittha Chamroonsawasdi, Paranee Vatanasomboon
The rate of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is dramatically increasing worldwide. Continuing diabetes mellitus (DM) care needs effective self-management education and support for both patients and family members. This study aimed to review and describe the impacts of diabetes mellitus self-management education (DSME) that involve family members on patient outcomes related to patient health behaviors and perceived self-efficacy on self-management such as medication adherence, blood glucose monitoring, diet and exercise changes, health outcomes including psychological well-being and self-efficacy, and physiological markers including body mass index, level of blood pressure, cholesterol level and glycemic control...
September 15, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914501/andrology-of-male-to-female-transsexuals-influence-of-cross-sex-hormone-therapy-on-testicular-function
#15
REVIEW
F Schneider, S Kliesch, S Schlatt, N Neuhaus
Patients with gender dysphoria are offered cross-sex hormone therapy and sex reassignment surgery to achieve the transition between the sex assigned at birth and gender identity. According to international guidelines, cross-sex hormone therapy in trans-women should lead to a psychologically and physiologically healthy body with feminized serum hormone levels, resulting in suppression of spermatogenesis. However, in a recently published multi-center study, we discovered a high proportion of patients with male serum hormone levels and qualitatively intact spermatogenesis on the day of sex reassignment surgery...
September 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912703/the-influence-of-external-forces-on-wrist-proprioception
#16
Francesca Marini, Sara Contu, Chris W Antuvan, Pietro Morasso, Lorenzo Masia
Proprioception combines information from cutaneous, joint, tendon, and muscle receptors for maintaining a reliable internal body image. However, it is still a matter of debate, in both neurophysiology and psychology, to what extent such body image is modified or distorted by a changing haptic environment. In particular, what is worth investigating is the contribution of external forces on our perception of body and joint configuration. The proprioceptive acuity of fifteen young participants was tested with a Joint Position Matching (JPM) task, performed with the dominant wrist under five different external forces, in order to understand to what extent they affect proprioceptive acuity...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912648/a-motivational-model-of-physical-education-and-links-to-enjoyment-knowledge-performance-total-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index
#17
Arto Gråstén, Anthony Watt
The present paper examined the full sequence of the Hierarchical Model of Motivation in physical education (PE) including motivational climate, basic psychological needs, intrinsic motivation, and related links to contextual enjoyment, knowledge, performance, and total moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Gender differences and correlations with body mass index (BMI) were also analyzed. Cross-sectional data was represented by self-reports and objective assessments of 770 middle school students (52% of girls) in North-East Finland...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910124/paid-sick-leave-and-psychological-distress-an-analysis-of-u-s-workers
#18
Patricia Stoddard-Dare, LeaAnne DeRigne, Cyleste C Collins, Linda M Quinn, Kimberly Fuller
Paid sick leave is increasingly identified as a social justice issue having important implications for health and wellness; however, little is known about its relationship to mental health. Data from the 2015 cross section of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS; 2015) were used to examine the relationship between paid sick leave and psychological distress during the last 30 days among N = 17,897 working United States adults. The 6-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6), a valid and reliable instrument for assessing psychological distress in population based samples, was used to measure the outcome variable of interest...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906549/developing-a-protocol-to-identify-and-prioritise-research-questions-for-psoriasis-a-james-lind-alliance-priority-setting-partnership
#19
R Majeed-Ariss, M McPhee, C Bundy, C E M Griffiths, H Young
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis affects over two million people in the UK. It confers a significant psychological and social impact on individuals and an associated high economic cost to the National Health Service. There are many unanswered questions about psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: 1. To develop a protocol in order to work with patients, families, carers and healthcare professionals to identify psoriasis uncertainties. 2. To agree by consensus a top ten list of psoriasis uncertainties...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902620/associations-between-body-weight-status-psychological-well-being-and-disordered-eating-with-intuitive-eating-among-malaysian-undergraduate-university-students
#20
Wan Ying Gan, Wei Ching Yeoh
Intuitive eating, which can be defined as reliance on physiological hunger and satiety cues to guide eating, has been proposed as a healthy weight management strategy. To date, there has not been a published study on intuitive eating in the context of Malaysia. Therefore, this cross-sectional study aims to determine associations between body weight status, psychological well-being and disordered eating behaviors with intuitive eating among undergraduate university students. A total of 333 undergraduate respondents (21...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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