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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328510/a-multidimensional-assessment-of-the-burden-of-psoriasis-results-from-a-multinational-dermatologist-and-patient-survey
#1
C E M Griffiths, S J Jo, L Naldi, R Romiti, E Guevara-Sangines, T Howe, G Pietri, I Gilloteau, C Richardson, H Tian, M Augustin
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic, immune-mediated disease, characterised by symptoms that include itching and skin pain and is often associated with comorbidities. Patients have a substantial detriment to quality of life (QoL) and work productivity with associated cost burden. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incremental burden of comorbidities, itch, and affected body areas among systemic eligible patients with psoriasis, using a multinational survey of dermatologists and their psoriasis patients...
January 12, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328348/body-image-issues-in-lithuanian-females-before-and-during-pregnancy
#2
Janina Tutkuviene, Austeja Juskaite, Justina Katinaite, Simona Silove, Jonas Drasutis, Ruta Sargautyte, Diana Ramasauskaite, Grazina Drasutiene
There is a risk that during pregnancy a woman's changing physique might result in stronger concerns about her appearance and may lead to negative consequences both for mother and foetus. The aim of the present study was to assess women's self-esteem, body image and weight control before and during pregnancy. A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Centre of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Vilnius University Hospital. In total, 234 pregnant women were investigated. The Self-esteem was measured by Rosenberg's scale (1965), while the attitude towards the body size - by Stunkard's figure rating scale (1983)...
January 12, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326196/young-adults-perspectives-on-living-with-kidney-failure-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#3
Phillippa K Bailey, Alexander J Hamilton, Rhian L Clissold, Carol D Inward, Fergus J Caskey, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Amanda Owen-Smith
INTRODUCTION: Young adults fare worse than younger adolescents or older adults on a broad range of health indicators. Those with a chronic illness such as renal failure are a particularly vulnerable group, who experience poor outcomes compared with both children and older adults. Understanding how being in receipt of renal replacement therapy (RRT) affects the lives of young adults might help us to better prepare and support these individuals for and on RRT, and improve outcomes. This study aimed to synthesise research describing young adults' experiences of the psychosocial impact of kidney failure and RRT...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325518/experiences-of-gestational-diabetes-and-gestational-diabetes-care-a-focus-group-and-interview-study
#4
Judith Parsons, Katherine Sparrow, Khalida Ismail, Katharine Hunt, Helen Rogers, Angus Forbes
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasingly common condition of pregnancy. It is associated with adverse fetal, infant and maternal outcomes, as well as an increased risk of GDM in future pregnancies and type 2 diabetes for both mother and offspring. Previous studies have shown that GDM can result in an emotionally distressing pregnancy, but there is little research on the patient experience of GDM care, especially of a demographically diverse UK population. The aim of this research was to explore the experiences of GDM and GDM care for a group of women attending a large diabetes pregnancy unit in southeast London, UK, in order to improve care...
January 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325397/unequal-gain-of-equal-resources-across-racial-groups
#5
Shervin Assari
The health effects of economic resources (eg, education, employment, and living place) and psychological assets (eg, self-efficacy, perceived control over life, anger control, and emotions) are well-known. This article summarizes the results of a growing body of evidence documenting Blacks' diminished return, defined as a systematically smaller health gain from economic resources and psychological assets for Blacks in comparison to Whites. Due to structural barriers that Blacks face in their daily lives, the very same resources and assets generate smaller health gain for Blacks compared to Whites...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320878/exercise-training-for-improving-outcomes-post-burns-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Orlando Flores, Zephanie Tyack, Kellie Stockton, Robert Ware, Jennifer D Paratz
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of different modalities of exercise and to evaluate the safety of exercise-based interventions post-burns. DATA SOURCES: Six databases were searched from inception to October 2017 using "burn," "exercise" and synonyms as keywords. Relevant authors, key journals and reference lists of included studies were hand-searched. REVIEW METHODS: Articles reporting on exercise interventions in patients post-burn and considering physical, physiological or psychological outcomes were considered...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313445/body-composition-metabolism-sleep-psychological-and-eating-patterns-of-overtraining-syndrome-results-of-the-eros-study-eros-profile
#7
Flavio A Cadegiani, Claudio E Kater
Overtraining syndrome (OTS) is caused by an imbalance between training, nutrition and resting, and leads to decreased performance and fatigue; however, the precise underlying triggers of OTS remain unclear. This study investigated the body composition, metabolism, eating, sleeping patterns and mood states among participants with OTS. Selected participants were divided into OTS-affected athletes (OTS, n = 14), healthy athletes (ATL, n = 25), and healthy non-physically active controls (NCS, n = 12). Compared to ATL, OTS showed decreased sleep quality (p = 0...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313407/sense-of-coherence-smoking-status-biochemical-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-body-mass-in-blue-collar-workers-short-report
#8
Anna Najder
The crucial cause of cardiovascular disorders is atherosclerosis developed by abnormal cholesterols levels or disorders affecting blood glucose. One of the best-known cardiovascular risk factors is also tobacco smoking. Simultaneously, sense of coherence (SoC) as a personal resource motivating to managing one's own health behaviors, such as avoiding tobacco smoking, was reported to be protective against coronary heart disease. Such association was observed in white-collar workers but not in blue-collar workers...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312544/efficacy-and-safety-of-dupilumab-for-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-atopic-dermatitis-in-adults
#9
Xinghua Xu, Yi Zheng, Xin Zhang, Yanling He, Chengxin Li
Objective: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, relapsing inflammatory skin disease characterized by intense pruritus, excoriations and limited therapies. Dupilumab, a monoclonal antibody against interleukin-4 receptor alpha, is a promising new treatment option for atopic dermatitis. We sought to systematically summarize the efficacy, safety, and influence on quality of life of dupilumab for the treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis in adults. Results: A total of 7 RCTs containing 2705 subjects were identified...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310653/effect-of-soy-lecithin-on-fatigue-and-menopausal-symptoms-in-middle-aged-women-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#10
Asuka Hirose, Masakazu Terauchi, Yurika Osaka, Mihoko Akiyoshi, Kiyoko Kato, Naoyuki Miyasaka
BACKGROUND: Lecithin is a complex mixture of phospholipids which compose lipid bilayer cell membranes. Lipid replacement therapy, or administration of phospholipids for the purpose of repairing the dmaged cell membranes, had been shown to alleviate fatigue. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of soy lecithin on fatigue in middle-aged women, as well as other menopausal symptoms and various health parameters. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study included 96 women aged 40 to 60 years who complained of fatigue...
January 8, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306937/the-effects-of-stress-and-meditation-on-the-immune-system-human-microbiota-and-epigenetics
#11
Ayman Mukerji Househam, Christine Tara Peterson, Deepak Chopra
Context • Globally, more than 25% of individuals are affected by anxiety and depression disorders. Meditation is gaining popularity in clinical settings and its treatment efficacy is being studied for a wide array of psychological and physiological ailments. An exploration of stress physiology is an essential precursor to delineation of the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of meditation practices. Objective • The review outlines a model of interconnected physiological processes that might support the continued inclusion and expansion of meditation in the treatment of diverse medical conditions and to investigate the role that gut microbiota may play in realizing well-being through meditation...
October 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303967/dancing-with-gravity-why-the-sense-of-balance-is-the-fundamental
#12
Dominik Fuchs
The sense of balance, which is usually barely noticeable in the background of each of our movements, only becomes manifest in its function during intense stimulation or in the event of illness, which may quite literally turn your world upside down. While it is true that balance is becoming a bigger issue, that is mainly because people are losing it more frequently. So why is balance not as commonly talked about in psychology, medicine or the arts as the other five traditional senses? This is partly due to its unusual multi-modal nature, whereby three sensory inputs are coordinated and integrated by the central nervous system...
January 5, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303840/palliative-care-during-and-following-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#13
Sandra A Mitchell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to synthesize recent literature regarding the provision of palliative care to patients during and following allogeneic HSCT, highlighting factors, which mediate impairments in health-related quality of life in this patient population, and the intervention approaches and models of care delivery that clinicians can consider to address unmet needs for palliative care and to strengthen patient and family resiliency. RECENT FINDINGS: Provision of palliative care simultaneous with the delivery of treatment directed at the underlying malignancy has emerged as a recommended practice for patients with advanced cancer and high-symptom burden, and a recent randomized trial demonstrates the effectiveness of early palliative care in reducing some of the symptom burden and mood disturbances associated with HSCT...
January 4, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301638/rethinking-the-health-consequences-of-social-class-and-social-mobility
#14
Dragos Simandan
The task of studying the impact of social class on physical and mental health involves, among other things, the use of a conceptual toolbox that defines what social class is, establishes how to measure it, and sets criteria that help distinguish it from closely related concepts. One field that has recently witnessed a wealth of theoretical and conceptual research on social class is psychology, but geographers' and sociologists' attitude of diffidence toward this "positivistic" discipline has prevented them from taking advantage of this body of scholarship...
December 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298716/persistently-high-psychological-well-being-predicts-better-hdl-cholesterol-and-triglyceride-levels-findings-from-the-midlife-in-the-u-s-midus-longitudinal-study
#15
Barry T Radler, Attilio Rigotti, Carol D Ryff
BACKGROUND: Psychological correlates of blood lipid levels have been previously evaluated mostly in cross sectional studies. However, prospectively measured psychological factors might also predict favorable blood lipid profiles, thereby indicating a healthy mind/body interplay that is associated with less disease, better health and longer lives. METHODS: This paper examined whether longitudinal profiles of psychological well-being over 9-10 years are predictors of blood lipid profiles...
January 3, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298634/school-based-nutrition-education-intervention-using-social-cognitive-theory-for-overweight-and-obese-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Mohammad Bagherniya, Manoj Sharma, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Mohammad Safarian, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Vida Bitarafan, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
Background Nowadays childhood obesity has become one the most challenging issue which is considered as a principle public health problem all around the world. This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the impact of a 7-month school-based nutrition education intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. Method In this cluster randomized community trial after choosing schools, a total of 172 overweight and obese girl students participated in the study (87 in the intervention and 85 in the control group)...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298632/response-versus-nonresponse-to-self-regulatory-treatment-targets-is-not-discriminated-by-personal-characteristics-but-predicts-physical-activity-eating-behavior-and-weight-changes-in-women-with-obesity
#17
James J Annesi
Background Results of behavioral weight-loss treatments vary widely, with mostly unsuccessful outcomes beyond the short term. Women with obesity participating in a new cognitive-behavioral weight-loss treatment were assessed on their responses to psychological targets. Methods Groups of responders ( n = 43) and nonresponders ( n = 48) were established post hoc. Results Age, race/ethnicity, education, income, body composition, physical activity, and eating behaviors at baseline were not discriminated between responders and nonresponders...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298304/the-vienna-psychosocial-assessment-procedure-for-bionic-reconstruction-in-patients-with-global-brachial-plexus-injuries
#18
Laura Antonia Hruby, Anna Pittermann, Agnes Sturma, Oskar Christian Aszmann
BACKGROUND: Global brachial plexopathies cause major sensory and motor deficits in the affected arm and hand. Many patients report of psychosocial consequences including chronic pain, decreased self-sufficiency, and poor body image. Bionic reconstruction, which includes the amputation and prosthetic replacement of the functionless limb, has been shown to restore hand function in patients where classic reconstructions have failed. Patient selection and psychological evaluation before such a life-changing procedure are crucial for optimal functional outcomes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297988/body-image-attitude-among-chinese-college-students
#19
Kui Wang, Rui Liang, Zhen-Ling Ma, Jue Chen, Eric F C Cheung, David R Roalf, Ruben C Gur, Raymond C K Chan
The present study aimed to examine body image attitude in Chinese college students and related psychological consequences. A silhouette-matching test was administered to 425 college students in mainland China. Self-esteem, negative emotions, subjective well-being, and eating-disorder-related weight-controlling behaviors were also measured. Only 12.9% of the participants were satisfied with their figure and the extent of body image dissatisfaction was comparable for both sexes. The majority of the female participants indicated a preference to be more slender...
January 3, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297808/captive-management-of-wild-impala-aepyceros-melampus-during-intensive-immobilization-and-general-anesthesia-study-trials
#20
Gareth E Zeiler, Leith C R Meyer
Immobilization and anesthesia of impala ( Aepyceros melampus) has become a popular research theme. This demand is brought about by the increased need to immobilize and anesthetize impala and other medium-sized wild ungulates because of their increased value in game ranching and zoological collections. To improve our understanding of immobilization and general anesthesia in these species, it is paramount to be able to study them in a practical, safe research environment that does not cause harm or unnecessary stress to the animals...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
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