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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107889/long-term-adolescent-multi-site-musculoskeletal-pain-is-associated-with-psychological-distress-and-anxiety
#1
Juha Auvinen, Pasi J Eskola, Hanni-Rosa Ohtonen, Markus Paananen, Jari Jokelainen, Markku Timonen, Jussi Vahtera, Päivi Leino-Arjas, Jaro Karppinen
OBJECTIVE: Although several studies have shown that adolescent musculoskeletal pain is associated with psychological problems in a cross-sectional setting, the associations of long-term musculoskeletal pain with psychological distress and anxiety are not known. METHODS: The study included 1773 adolescents belonging to the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986. They received a postal questionnaire at the age of 16years and a follow-up questionnaire two years later. The first inquiry contained questions about the sites of musculoskeletal pain; the second had the same pain questions, along with measures of distress and anxiety...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107854/mindfulness-based-group-therapy-for-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-first-exploration-of-a-promising-mind-body-intervention
#2
Danny Horesh, Ittai Glick, Renen Taub, Nancy Agmon-Levin, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Psychological effects related to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are tremendous. While a variety of psychological treatments have been applied to assist SLE patients, the effects of mindfulness practice were never documented in SLE. Mindfulness-based psychotherapy includes several techniques, including body-scan, breathing exercises, and full awareness during daily activities. In this case report, we present a first attempt at conducting mindfulness-based group therapy among SLE patients. Six female SLE patients participated in an 8-week program...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#3
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103892/prehospital-intravenous-fentanyl-to-patients-with-hip-fracture-an-observational-cohort-study-of-risk-factors-for-analgesic-non-treatment
#4
Kristian D Friesgaard, Erika F Christensen, Hans Kirkegaard, Mette D Bendtsen, Flemming B Jensen, Lone Nikolajsen
BACKGROUND: Patients with proximal femoral neck fracture have a high short-term mortality, a high risk of postoperative complications, and impaired quality of life. One of the challenges related to the prehospital treatment of these patients is to administer systemic opioids fast and properly. Effective analgesic prehospital treatment ought be initiated rapidly in order to alleviate the stress that follows acute pain, to facilitate transportation, and to improve quality of care. The objectives of this study were to explore the prevalence of prehospital administration of intravenous fentanyl to patients with proximal femoral neck fracture in the ambulances and to assess risk factors for analgesic non-treatment...
January 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103749/clinical-practice-with-anti-dementia-drugs-a-revised-third-consensus-statement-from-the-british-association-for-psychopharmacology
#5
John T O'Brien, Clive Holmes, Matthew Jones, Roy Jones, Gill Livingston, Ian McKeith, Peter Mittler, Peter Passmore, Craig Ritchie, Louise Robinson, Elizabeth L Sampson, John-Paul Taylor, Alan Thomas, Alistair Burns
The British Association for Psychopharmacology coordinated a meeting of experts to review and revise its previous 2011 guidelines for clinical practice with anti-dementia drugs. As before, levels of evidence were rated using accepted standards which were then translated into grades of recommendation A-D, with A having the strongest evidence base (from randomised controlled trials) and D the weakest (case studies or expert opinion). Current clinical diagnostic criteria for dementia have sufficient accuracy to be applied in clinical practice (B) and both structural (computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) and functional (positron emission tomography and single photon emission computerised tomography) brain imaging can improve diagnostic accuracy in particular situations (B)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094208/multidisciplinary-assessment-of-post-ebola-sequelae-in-guinea-postebogui-an-observational-cohort-study
#6
Jean-François Etard, Mamadou Saliou Sow, Sandrine Leroy, Abdoulaye Touré, Bernard Taverne, Alpha Kabinet Keita, Philippe Msellati, N'Fally Magassouba, Sylvain Baize, Hervé Raoul, Suzanne Izard, Cécé Kpamou, Laura March, Ibrahima Savane, Moumié Barry, Eric Delaporte
BACKGROUND: The high number of survivors from the 2013-16 west African outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) has raised several new issues: long-term clinical complications, psychosocial consequences, risks of EVD reactivation, and secondary transmission due to viral persistence in body fluids. We aimed to assess long-term clinical, psychosocial, and viral outcomes in EVD survivors in Guinea. METHODS: In this multidisciplinary observational cohort study, we recruited patients aged 1 year or more in four sites in Guinea (Donka National Hospital, Conakry; Macenta Prefectoral Hospital, Macenta; N'zérékoré Regional Hospital, N'zérékoré; and Forécariah Prefectoral Hospital, Forécariah) following discharge from any Ebola treatment centre in Guinea...
January 13, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092647/dietary-intake-mediates-the-relationship-of-body-fat-to-pain
#7
Charles F Emery, KayLoni L Olson, Andrew Bodine, Victoria Lee, Diane L Habash
Prior studies have documented an association of obesity with chronic pain, but the mechanism explaining the association remains unknown. This study evaluated the degree to which dietary intake of foods with anti-inflammatory effects mediates the relationship of body fat to body pain. Ninety-eight community-residing healthy adults (60% women; mean age = 43.2 ± 15.3 years; range: 20-78 years) participated in a home-based study of home environment, food-related behaviors, health, and adiposity. During a 3-hour home visit evaluation, 3 measures of body fat were collected, including height and weight for calculation of body mass index (BMI)...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089590/using-the-presurgical-psychological-evaluation-to-predict-5-year-weight-loss-outcomes-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#8
Ryan J Marek, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Manfred H M van Dulmen, Kathleen Ashton, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors contribute to poorer weight loss outcomes following bariatric surgery; however, findings on associations between preoperative psychiatric diagnoses, psychological testing, and weight loss are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: Examine associations between presurgical psychiatric diagnoses derived from a semi-structured clinical interview and test scores from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality-Inventory-2 - Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) and 5-year Body Mass Index (BMI) outcomes...
November 11, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077089/control-beliefs-and-risk-for-4-year-mortality-in-older-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Wei Duan-Porter, Susan Nicole Hastings, Brian Neelon, Courtney Harold Van Houtven
BACKGROUND: Control beliefs are important psychological factors that likely contribute to heterogeneity in health outcomes for older adults. We evaluated whether control beliefs are associated with risk for 4-year mortality, after accounting for established "classic" biomedical risk factors. We also determined if an enhanced risk model with control beliefs improved identification of individuals with low vs. high mortality risk. METHODS: We used nationally representative data from the Health and Retirement Study (2006-2012) for adults 50 years or older in 2006 (n = 7313) or 2008 (n = 6301)...
January 11, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075191/reduction-mammaplasty-improves-levels-of-anxiety-depression-and-body-image-satisfaction-in-patients-with-symptomatic-macromastia-in-the-short-and-long-term
#10
Esther Pérez-Panzano, Ana Gascón-Catalán, Ramón Sousa-Domínguez, Patricia Carrera-Lasfuentes, Javier García-Campayo, Antonio Güemes-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychological consequences (anxiety, depression and body image dissatisfaction) of symptomatic macromastia and the effectiveness of breast reduction surgery in re-establishing the mental health of the patient in the short and long term. METHOD: 119 patients over 18 years old who had been diagnosed with symptomatic macromastia were assessed, before surgery, one month after the operation and one year later. Patients completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Body Image Dissatisfaction subscale of the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI-2)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075176/the-adapp-trial-a-two-year-longitudinal-multidisciplinary-intervention-study-for-prostate-cancer-frail-patients-on-androgen-deprivation-associated-to-curative-radiotherapy
#11
Julie Mareschal, Kerstin Weber, Pascale Rigoli, Edmund Biason, Laura Frambati, Carole Gotteland, Thomas Zilli, Claude Pichard, Raymond Miralbell
BACKGROUND: Androgen deprivation (AD) therapy combined to radiotherapy (RT) is a curative therapeutic option for patients with non-metastatic locally advanced or aggressive intermediate prostate cancer (PC), though with a range of nutritional, physical, and psychological side effects. A multidisciplinary care program was created to help frail patients to prevent and manage those side effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal interventional study in frail patients, presenting either cardiovascular/pulmonary comorbidities, old age (≥75 years), vulnerability ratings, or balance impairment...
January 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072680/translation-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-interoceptive-awareness
#12
Feng-Lien Lin, Chin-Che Hsu, Wolf Mehling, Mei-Ling Yeh
BACKGROUND: Mind-body interventions are used to alleviate physical and psychological symptoms. The multidimensional assessment of interoceptive awareness (MAIA), which is used to self-report the effects of mind-body interventions, is not currently available in Chinese. PURPOSE: This study aimed to translate the MAIA from English into Chinese (MAIA-C) and to examine the psychometric properties of the MAIA-C. METHODS: This was a methodological study...
February 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071839/life-after-a-lung-transplant-a-balance-of-joy-and-challenges
#13
Jytte Graarup, Elin Lindberg Mogensen, Malene Missel, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
PURPOSE: To describe patients' experiences throughout the first four months post lung transplant. BACKGROUND: Health professionals are familiar with the fact that patients' average survival after a lung transplant is about seven years and that 74% of these patients reject new organs within the first two years. By contrast, knowledge of these patients' perspectives after lung transplantation is scant. DESIGN/METHOD: A qualitative study was conducted between May, 2013 and May, 2014 in which 26 interviewees participated - four months post-transplant - based on a semi-structured interview guide...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069345/patients-perspectives-on-quality-of-life-after-burn
#14
Marianne B Kool, Rinie Geenen, Marthe R Egberts, Hendriët Wanders, Nancy E Van Loey
BACKGROUND: The concept quality of life (QOL) refers to both health-related outcomes and one's skills to reach these outcomes, which is not yet incorporated in the burn-related QOL conceptualisation. The aim of this study was to obtain a comprehensive overview of relevant burn-specific domains of QOL from the patient's perspective and to determine its hierarchical structure. METHODS: Concept mapping was used comprising a focus group (n=6), interviews (n=25), and a card-sorting task (n=24) in burn survivors...
January 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067892/impact-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-celiac-disease-on-nutrition-and-quality-of-life
#15
J G Nunes-Silva, V S Nunes, R P Schwartz, S Mlss Trecco, D Evazian, M L Correa-Giannella, M Nery, M S Queiroz
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and celiac disease (CD) are autoimmune diseases and have similar genetic patterns. T1DM treatment is based on diet, physical activity and insulin therapy, whereas CD depends on dietary changes with restriction of wheat, rye and barley. The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) of individuals with the association of T1DM and CD, to characterize their nutritional status and to compare it with those with only one disease and healthier controls...
January 9, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067605/near-death-experiences-posttraumatic-growth-and-life-satisfaction-among-burn-survivors
#16
David Royse, Karen Badger
Survivors of large burns may face positive and negative psychological after-effects from close-to-death injuries. This study is the first to examine their near-death experiences (NDEs) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) and life satisfaction afterwards. With an available sample of 92 burn survivors, half met the criteria for an NDE using an objective scale. Those who indicated religion was a source of strength and comfort had high scores on life satisfaction, PTG, and the NDE Scale. Individuals with larger burns reported greater PTG than those with smaller total body surface area burned (TBSA)...
January 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066520/gait-training-interventions-for-lower-extremity-amputees-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
M Jason Highsmith, Casey R Andrews, Claire Millman, Ashley Fuller, Jason T Kahle, Tyler D Klenow, Katherine L Lewis, Rachel C Bradley, John J Orriola
Lower extremity (LE) amputation patients who use prostheses have gait asymmetries and altered limb loading and movement strategies when ambulating. Subsequent secondary conditions are believed to be associated with gait deviations and lead to long-term complications that impact function and quality of life as a result. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to determine the strength of evidence supporting gait training interventions and to formulate evidence statements to guide practice and research related to therapeutic gait training for lower extremity amputees...
September 2016: Technology and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064539/treating-the-binge-or-the-fat-body-representations-of-fatness-in-a-gold-standard-psychological-treatment-manual-for-binge-eating-disorder
#18
Amy Brown-Bowers, Ashley Ward, Nicole Cormier
This article reports the results of a Foucauldian-informed discourse analysis exploring representations of fatness embedded within an empirically based psychological treatment manual for binge eating disorder, a condition characterized by overvaluation of weight and shape. Analyses indicate that the manual prioritizes weight loss with relatively less emphasis placed on treating the diagnostic symptoms and underlying mechanisms of binge eating disorder. We raise critical concerns about these observations and link our findings to mainstream psychology's adoption of the medical framing of fatness as obesity within the "gold standard" approach to intervention...
January 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063467/informing-health-promotion-in-rural-men
#19
Gary M H Misan, Chloe Oosterbroek, Nathan J Wilson
Issue addressed: Despite the growth of Australian men's sheds, the body of evidence regarding the health status of members, their health concerns, interests, help- or health-seeking behaviour and their preferred format for receiving health information is limited. Methods: The study involved a cross-sectional study design with data collected from 11 rural South Australian (SA) men's sheds. The survey collected information across 5 domains: demographics; health history, status, concerns and interests; health knowledge; help-seeking behaviours and health information format preferences...
December 22, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063155/effects-of-electrical-lesion-of-basolateral-amygdala-nucleus-on-rat-anxiety-like-behavior-under-acute-sub-chronic-and-chronic-stresses
#20
Hoda Ranjbar, Maryam Radahmadi, Parham Reisi, Hojjatallah Alaei
Stress contributes, as a risk factor, to such psychological disorders as anxiety. The effects of electrical lesions in the basolateral amygdala nucleus (BLA) were investigated on the locomotor activity and anxiety-like behavior in different stress durations. For this purpose, rats were randomly allocated to control, sham, and experimental groups, the latter including groups with and without BLA nucleus subjected to acute, sub-chronic, and chronic stress conditions for 1, 7, and 21 days, respectively, applied 6 hours/day...
January 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
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