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Syk 520

Michael P Sanderson, Eva Wex, Takeshi Kono, Katsuhiro Uto, Andreas Schnapp
Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is a key regulatory factor in the IgE-mediated allergic signal transduction pathway in mast cells and basophils. Syk is phosphorylated on a number of tyrosines following the binding of IgE/allergen complexes to FcɛRI receptors leading to initiation of inflammatory signaling via downstream enzymes and scaffolding proteins. We examined the kinases responsible for the phosphorylation of key Syk tyrosines in rat RBL-2H3 basophilic cells and bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs). The phosphorylation of Syk tyrosine 346 was completely blocked by the novel Src family kinase inhibitor BIRA766, suggesting this tyrosine is a pure substrate for Src family kinases...
November 2010: Molecular Immunology
J Zhang, T Kimura, R P Siraganian
The protein tyrosine kinase Syk plays a pivotal role in mediating the high-affinity IgE receptor (Fc epsilonRI)-induced degranulation of mast cells. To examine the mechanism of Syk regulation, the two tyrosine residues at 519 and 520 in the putative activation loop of rat Syk were mutated to phenylalanine either singly or in combination. The various mutants were expressed in a Syk-negative variant of the RBL-2H3 (rat basophilic leukemia 2H3) mast cell line. In these transfected cell lines, mutant Syk did show increased tyrosine phosphorylation in vivo and increased enzymatic activity in vitro after Fc epsilonRI aggregation...
October 15, 1998: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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