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Syk 519

Eddy S Yang, Christopher D Willey, Amitkumar Mehta, Michael R Crowley, David K Crossman, Dongquan Chen, Joshua C Anderson, Gurudatta Naik, Deborah L Della Manna, Tiffiny S Cooper, Guru Sonpavde
Penile squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) is an orphan malignancy with poorly understood biology and suboptimal systemic therapy. Given that kinases may be drivers and readily actionable, we performed comprehensive multiplatform analysis of kinases in PSCC tumor and normal tissue. Fresh frozen tumors were collected from 11 patients with PSCC. After macrodissection to demarcate tumor from normal tissue, the samples underwent multiplatform analysis of kinases. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) of 517 kinase genes was performed using Agilent Kinome capture and run on the Illumina MiSeq at PE150bp...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
Michael P Sanderson, Eva Wex, Takeshi Kono, Katsuhiro Uto, Andreas Schnapp
Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is a key regulatory factor in the IgE-mediated allergic signal transduction pathway in mast cells and basophils. Syk is phosphorylated on a number of tyrosines following the binding of IgE/allergen complexes to FcɛRI receptors leading to initiation of inflammatory signaling via downstream enzymes and scaffolding proteins. We examined the kinases responsible for the phosphorylation of key Syk tyrosines in rat RBL-2H3 basophilic cells and bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs). The phosphorylation of Syk tyrosine 346 was completely blocked by the novel Src family kinase inhibitor BIRA766, suggesting this tyrosine is a pure substrate for Src family kinases...
November 2010: Molecular Immunology
T Hitomi, S Yanagi, R Inatome, J Ding, T Takano, H Yamamura
BACKGROUND: Treatment of many cell types with phorbol esters stimulates phospholipase D (PLD) activity implying regulation of the enzyme by protein kinase C. Studies of the effects of several protein-tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitors have suggested that PTK(s) play some roles in the phorbol ester-induced PLD activation, but it remains unclear how and which PTK(s) is involved in this pathway. In this study, we investigated the roles of Syk and other PTKs for the phorbol esters, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA)-induced PLD activation in K562 and DT40 cells...
May 2001: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
J Zhang, T Kimura, R P Siraganian
The protein tyrosine kinase Syk plays a pivotal role in mediating the high-affinity IgE receptor (Fc epsilonRI)-induced degranulation of mast cells. To examine the mechanism of Syk regulation, the two tyrosine residues at 519 and 520 in the putative activation loop of rat Syk were mutated to phenylalanine either singly or in combination. The various mutants were expressed in a Syk-negative variant of the RBL-2H3 (rat basophilic leukemia 2H3) mast cell line. In these transfected cell lines, mutant Syk did show increased tyrosine phosphorylation in vivo and increased enzymatic activity in vitro after Fc epsilonRI aggregation...
October 15, 1998: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
T Kurosaki, S A Johnson, L Pao, K Sada, H Yamamura, J C Cambier
To explore the mechanism(s) by which the Syk protein tyrosine kinase participates in B cell antigen receptor (BCR) signaling, we have studied the function of various Syk mutants in B cells made Syk deficient by homologous recombination knockout. Both Syk SH2 domains were required for BCR-mediated Syk and phospholipase C (PLC)-gamma 2 phosphorylation, inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate release, and Ca2+ mobilization. A possible explanation for this requirement was provided by findings that recruitment of Syk to tyrosine-phosphorylated immunoglobulin (Ig) alpha and Ig beta requires both Syk SH2 domains...
December 1, 1995: Journal of Experimental Medicine
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