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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344491/hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-in-adults-with-intraocular-involvement-clinicopathologic-features-of-3-cases
#1
M Adelita Vizcaino, Charles G Eberhart, Fausto J Rodriguez
Background/Aims: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an infrequent inflammatory multisystemic syndrome. Only rare cases with ophthalmic involvement describing their pathologic features have been previously reported. Methods: We report 3 cases of adult-onset HLH with bilateral ocular involvement and describe their clinicopathologic features. Results: Three adult males - 2 with a history of viral infection - developed persistent fever, fatigue, bone marrow abnormalities, and irreversible multiorgan failure...
December 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344483/retinoinvasive-uveal-melanoma-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
John P Gorham, Eszter Szalai, Jill R Wells, Hans E Grossniklaus
Purpose: To describe the clinical history and histopathologic findings of 2 cases of retinoinvasive uveal melanoma. Methods: The medical records and pathology specimens of 2 patients with retinoinvasive uveal melanoma were reviewed. Results: The first patient had an iris/ciliary body melanoma that was treated and the second patient had suspected iridocorneal endothelial syndrome. Both patients developed a blind, painful eye; the first patient's right eye was enucleated and the left eye of the second patient underwent evisceration...
November 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304270/a-new-oct-finding-in-purtscher-like-retinopathy
#3
Sevil Ari Yaylali, Nedim Bromand, Guler Kilic
The authors report a new spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) appearance observed in two patients with Purtscher-like retinopathy. In this prospective case series of three eyes of two patients with Purtscher-like retinopathy, the patients were assessed with biomicroscopy, fluorescein angiography (FA), and SD-OCT. The last examinations of the patients were performed at 3 months and 12 months, respectively. Both patients presented with decreased visual acuity. Fundus examination revealed a whitish-appearing parafoveal retina and scattered cotton-wool spots in the posterior retina...
January 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304267/double-optic-disc-pit-with-glial-plugs-imaged-by-wide-field-optical-coherence-tomography
#4
Ismini Koulouri, Eric D Gaier, Dean Eliott, Demetrios G Vavvas
A rare case of a woman in her thirties with double optic disc pits involving opposing sectors is reported. Significantly decreased vision due to macular schisis was noted. Wide-field optical coherence tomography revealed distinct laminar defects and glial tufts associated with each pit. This case illustrates a rare view into the pathogenesis of optic disc pits. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2018;49:52-54.].
January 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304266/small-gauge-endoscopy-guided-pneumatic-anterior-hyaloid-detachment-a-new-surgical-technique-for-combined-pars-plana-vitrectomy-and-pars-plana-glaucoma-drainage-implant
#5
Ali Dirani, Marina Ravagnani Ciongoli, Mark R Lesk, Flavio Rezende
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pars plana glaucoma drainage implant (GDI) occlusion is mainly related to entrapment of residual anterior vitreous gel in the implant. The aim of the present report is to describe a new surgical technique to induce pneumatic anterior hyaloid detachment in eyes with GDI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a description of the surgical technique used to induce pneumatic anterior hyaloid detachment. RESULTS: The technique was used in two cases...
January 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282399/chronic-retinal-necrosis-severely-complicated-by-neovascular-glaucoma-a-case-report
#6
Takanori Matsuoka, Kazunobu Asao, Noriyasu Hashida, Kohji Nishida
Background: Chronic retinal necrosis (CRN) is a rare chronic granular necrotizing retinitis that was first described in 2013. CRN is characterized by intraocular inflammation accompanied by occlusive vasculitis, granular retinitis, and slowly progressing necrosis around the retina in a host with partial immune dysfunction. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is reported to be a causative agent. There are several ocular complications such as retinal detachment and neovascular glaucoma; however, there has been no description of a clinical manifestation of neovascular glaucoma in CRN...
September 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276228/retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-defect-and-paracentral-scotoma-after-internal-limiting-membrane-peeling-with-a-nitinol-loop
#7
Ryo Matoba, Yuki Morizane, Shuhei Kimura, Shinji Toshima, Fumio Shiraga
Internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling is an important maneuver in vitrectomy for macular holes (MHs). A nitinol loop is a surgical instrument designed to create an edge on the ILM and peel the ILM safely and consistently. The effect of using a nitinol loop for ILM peeling on the retina is not clear. We report here on a case of an idiopathic full-thickness MH in an adult woman, in whom retinal damage was revealed after her ILM was peeled using a nitinol loop.
December 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260116/swept-source-optical-coherence-tomographic-findings-in-eyes-with-metastatic-choroidal-tumor
#8
Tomoka Ishida, Kei Morohoshi, Yayoi Takeuchi, Ryoko Soma, Minami Uchida, Kyoko Ohno-Matsui
Purpose: To report the swept-source optical coherence tomographic (OCT) findings in two eyes with choroidal metastases. Observations: Two patients with choroidal metastasis were studied. The metastasis was from a breast cancer in Case 1 and from a lung cancer in Case 2. In Case 1, swept-source OCT showed a highly reflective solid tumor with low optical reflective tissues that had replaced the choroidal tissue. Swept-source OCT was able to image the choroidal mass where other fundus imaging methods such as fluorescein angiography did not show the mass...
December 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260085/migration-of-segmental-arteriolar-fluorescein-staining-peripherally-in-eye-with-idiopathic-recurrent-branch-retinal-arterial-occlusion
#9
Kenichi Kawano, Yasuki Ito, Fuminori Haga, Taichi Tsunekawa, Hiroko Terasaki
Purpose: To report a novel finding in a case of idiopathic recurrent branch retinal arterial occlusions. Observations: We report our findings in a 31-year-old woman with an idiopathic recurrent branch retinal arterial occlusions (BRAOs) who was followed in our clinic for 16 years. Repeated fluorescein angiographies were performed to evaluate the idiopathic recurrent BRAOs. The findings showed multiple segmental arteriolar staining in the fundus. These staining were found at locations with and without branch retinal arterial occlusions...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260046/outcomes-in-bullous-retinal-detachment
#10
Sarah P Read, Ryan C Young, Harry W Flynn
Purpose: To report two patients with giant retinal tear (GRT) associated retinal detachment in the setting of baseball trauma. Observations: Two patients presented with retinal detachment associated with GRT following blunt trauma with a baseball. The first was a superotemporal GRT detachment treated with scleral buckling, pars plana vitrectomy, endolaser, and silicone oil injection. He subsequently underwent cataract surgery with silicone oil removal and at two year follow up the retina with attached with best-corrected visual acuity of 20/20...
June 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258533/incidental-branch-retinal-artery-occlusion-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-presenting-as-segmental-optic-atrophy-in-a-child-a-case-report
#11
Ji Hyung Choi, Hee Kyung Yang, Ji Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: Retinal artery occlusion is extremely rare in the pediatric population and most patients have risk factors. We report a case of a healthy child with segmental optic atrophy, complicated by incidental branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO). CASE PRESENTATION: A 10-year-old boy who had a history of his mother's gestational diabetes presented with an inferonasal visual field defect in the left eye. His best-corrected visual acuities were 20/20 in both eyes (OU)...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258460/a-case-of-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-in-which-scintillating-particles-appeared-in-the-intravitreal-cavity-after-laser-photocoagulation
#12
Ryohsuke Kohmoto, Takatoshi Kobayashi, Takaki Sato, Daisaku Kimura, Masanori Fukumoto, Kensuke Tajiri, Teruyo Kida, Tsunehiko Ikeda
BACKGROUND: To report a case of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) exhibiting the appearance of scintillating particles presumed to be crystallin inside the intravitreal cavity after laser photocoagulation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old male patient presented at our outpatient clinic after becoming aware of decreased vision in his right eye. Ocular examination performed at the patient's initial visit revealed a massive preretinal macular hemorrhage due to PDR in his right eye...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258454/atypical-acute-retinal-necrosis-accompanied-by-terson-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#13
Jong Young Lee, Dong Yoon Kim, Hye Jin Lee, Jin Ho Jeong, Sung Pyo Park, Jin Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) has characterized by panuveitis, vitritis, severe vaso-occlusive vasculitis, and diffuse necrotizing retinitis. There are no case reports on atypical ARN combined with Terson's syndrome. Herein, we report a case of ARN with atypical clinical features combined with Terson's syndrome that we successfully treated by intravitreal ganciclovir injection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old man visited our eye clinic with a complaint of decreased visual acuity in his right eye...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237925/corneal-endothelial-cell-loss-in-femtosecond-laser-assisted-descemet-s-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#14
Yun Feng, Hong-Qiang Qu, Jing Ren, Philipp Prahs, Jing Hong
BACKGROUND: Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) surgery offers a more standardized approach and reliable method to create corneal grafts with an instrument such as a microkeratome. With the development of Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty, an excellent clinical outcome is seen in the treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunctions, which indicates that thinner corneal graft results in better clinical outcome. With the recent development of the femtosecond laser, ultrathin corneal graft preparation has become possible...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236169/current-treatment-of-central-retinal-artery-occlusion-a-national-survey
#15
Teddy S Youn, Patrick Lavin, Morgan Patrylo, Joseph Schindler, Howard Kirshner, David M Greer, Matthew Schrag
BACKGROUND: Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is an ophthalmological emergency, the retinal analog of a stroke. To date there is no consensus or national guidelines on how this disorder should be managed. As academic neurologists and ophthalmologists treat CRAO frequently, we set out to understand how these clinicians approach patients with CRAO with a national survey. METHODS: We identified university-associated teaching hospitals offering vascular neurology, neuro-ophthalmology and/or retina fellowships in the US and asked the directors of the programs to respond to questions in an open response format to profile the acute management of CRAO at their institution...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230977/scleral-buckling-using-a-non-contact-wide-angle-viewing-system-with-a-25-gauge-chandelier-endoilluminator
#16
Jaehyuck Jo, Byung Gil Moon, Joo Yong Lee
PURPOSE: To report the outcome of scleral buckling using a non-contact wide-angle viewing system with a 25-gauge chandelier endoilluminator. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of medical records were performed for 17 eyes of 16 patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) without proliferative vitreoretinopathy who had undergone conventional scleral buckling with cryoretinopexy using the combination of a non-contact wide-angle viewing system and chandelier endoillumination...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230267/presenting-signs-of-retinoblastoma-at-a-tertiary-level-teaching-hospital-in-ethiopia
#17
Jemal Zeberga Shifa, Alemayehu Mekonnen Gezmu
Introduction: Retinoblastoma is a primary malignant intraocular neoplasm that arise from immature retinoblasts with in developing retina. The commonest presenting sign in developing country is proptosis which is the late presenting sign. We report presenting signs of retinoblastoma in Ethiopian children seen at a tertiary level teaching hospitals in Ethiopia. Methods: Prospective case series study was done on children who presented with retinoblastoma between May 1, 2005 and September 1, 2006...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227350/tamoxifen-retinopathy-during-treatment-of-an-inoperable-desmoid-tumor
#18
Meredith Furst, Marie B Somogyi, Robert W Wong, Dejka Araujo, Clio A Harper
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical significance and rarity of tamoxifen retinopathy after a long-term tamoxifen treatment for an inoperable desmoid tumor. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Tamoxifen retinopathy is a condition rarely observed in clinical practice. Although tamoxifen is typically a treatment for breast cancer patients, we present a 68-year-old woman taking tamoxifen for an inoperable desmoid tumor, an equally rare condition. She presented with bilaterally deteriorating vision over the course of a year...
December 8, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225873/migration-of-emboli-in-the-retinal-artery-case-report
#19
Alexandr Stepanov, Marketa Machackova, Tereza Rehakova, Nada Jiraskova, Jan Lestak
Branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) is a prevalent vascular occlusive disorder of the eye. In transient BRAO, an embolus temporarily blocks the vessel and then moves on resulting in recovery of blood circulation. In this case, we have documented migration of the embolus with recovery of perfusion of the retina and improvement of visual acuity in a patient with transient BRAO. Early diagnosis and fast action are important in the case of patients with retinal artery occlusion.
December 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222532/acute-solar-retinopathy-imaged-with-adaptive-optics-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-and-en-face-optical-coherence-tomography
#20
Chris Y Wu, Michael E Jansen, Jorge Andrade, Toco Y P Chui, Anna T Do, Richard B Rosen, Avnish Deobhakta
Importance: Solar retinopathy is a rare form of retinal injury that occurs after direct sungazing. Objective: To enhance understanding of the structural changes that occur in solar retinopathy by obtaining high-resolution in vivo en face images. Design, Setting, and Participant: Case report of a young adult woman who presented to the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary with symptoms of acute solar retinopathy after viewing the solar eclipse on August 21, 2017...
December 7, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
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