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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337066/paintball-related-ocular-injuries-first-case-report-in-saudi-patients
#1
Mohammad Al-Amry, Huda Al-Ghadeer
Paintball is a popular recreational sport. This case series describes three Saudi patients exposed to paintball ocular injuries with sever ocular trauma. Two patients developed hyphema and traumatic cataract and one patient had vitreous hemorrhage, choroidal detachment, commotio retinae and retinal tear. All patients require surgical intervention. Final best corrected visual acuity was 20/200, 20/30 and 20/50 respectively. Paintball related ocular injuries can result in severe visual loss and in most of the time requires surgical intervention...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333854/presumed-retinal-pigment-epithelium-tumor-originating-from-unilateral-retinal-pigment-epithelium-dysgenesis
#2
Orly Gal-Or, Paul T Finger, Yale L Fisher, Lawrence A Yannuzzi, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To describe a patient with a presumed retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tumor originating from unilateral RPE dysgenesis. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 30-year-old woman with an unremarkable medical and ocular history was referred for an evaluation of progressive central metamorphopsia in her left eye. Visual acuity was 20/20 in her right eye and 20/25 in her left eye. Funduscopic examination of the left eye revealed an elevated mass within an area of unilateral RPE dysgenesis showing hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation with scalloped margins...
March 22, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325857/treatment-trends-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-the-uk-active-surveillance-study-of-infants-at-risk
#3
Gillian G W Adams, Catey Bunce, Wen Xing, Lucilla Butler, Vernon Long, Aravind Reddy, Annegret H Dahlmann-Noor
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring treatment and describe current treatment patterns in the UK. DESIGN: Nationwide population-based case ascertainment study via the British Ophthalmic Surveillance Unit and a national collaborative ROP special interest group. Practitioners completed a standardised case report form (CRF). SETTING: All paediatric ophthalmologists providing screening and/or treatment for retinopathy in the UK were invited to take part...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301857/structural-and-functional-characterization-of-benign-fleck-retina-using-multimodal-imaging
#4
Srividya Neriyanuri, Chetan Rao, Rajiv Raman
PURPOSE: To report structural and functional features in a case series of benign fleck retina using multimodal imaging. METHODS: Four cases with benign fleck retina underwent complete ophthalmic examination that included detailed history, visual acuity, and refractive error testing, FM-100 hue test, dilated fundus evaluation, full field electroretinogram, fundus photography with autofluorescence, fundus fluorescein angiography, and swept-source optical coherence tomography...
April 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301414/ocular-toxicity-after-inadvertent-intracameral-injection-of-high-dose-of-cefuroxime-during-cataract-surgery-a-case-series
#5
Radua Kamal-Salah, Olayinka Osoba, Edward Doyle
PURPOSE: To report ocular side effects after inadvertent intracameral injection of a high dose of cefuroxime. METHODS: Nineteen eyes of 19 patients were seen in our eye department 1 week after the referring surgeon had injected an erroneous dose of intracameral cefuroxime (12.5 mg/0.1 mL in 14 patients, Group A, and 10 mg/0.1 mL in 5 patients, Group B) at the end of a cataract surgery. A complete ophthalmic examination was performed postoperatively. RESULTS: Eight patients (42...
March 15, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299004/contribution-of-dual-fluorescein-and-indocyanine-green-angiography-to-the-appraisal-of-presumed-tuberculous-chorioretinitis-in-a-non-endemic-area
#6
Raphael Massy, Carl P Herbort
PURPOSE: To assess the respective involvement of retina versus choroid in presumed ocular tuberculosis (POT) in a non-endemic area using dual fluorescein (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed cases diagnosed with POT at the Centre for Ophthalmic Specialized Care, Lausanne, Switzerland. Angiography signs were quantified using an established dual FA and ICGA scoring system for uveitis. RESULTS: Out of 1739 uveitis patients visited from 1995 to 2014, 53 (3%) were diagnosed with POT; of whom 28 patients (54 eyes) had sufficient data available to be included in this study...
January 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299000/chorioretinal-coloboma-complications-retinal-detachment-and-choroidal-neovascular-membrane
#7
Rehan M Hussain, Ashkan M Abbey, Ankoor R Shah, Kimberly A Drenser, Michael T Trese, Antonio Capone
PURPOSE: To report the chorioretinal coloboma, and its association with increased risk of retinal detachment (RD) and choroidal neovascularization (CNV). METHODS: This retrospective case series included eyes with chorioretinal coloboma diagnosed between 1995 and 2014 with a focus on RD and CNV as related complications. Cases of CNV were managed with laser photocoagulation or intravitreal injection of bevacizumab. For eyes with CNV, therapeutic success was defined as resolution of the subretinal hemorrhage on fundus examination and resolution of the subretinal and intraretinal fluid on optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
January 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297039/reactivation-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-three-years-after-treatment-with-bevacizumab
#8
Amir R Hajrasouliha, Jose M Garcia-Gonzales, Michael J Shapiro, Hawke Yoon, Michael P Blair
Although intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents (IVA) can induce rapid regression of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), late reactivation of the ROP can occur in the form of tractional retinal detachment (TRD) from contracted recurrent extraretinal fibrovascular proliferation. The authors report a case of bilateral TRD for recurrent ROP in a 3-year-old, which is the latest-reported reactivation to date. The authors propose that persistent avascular retina in eyes that have undergone IVA for ROP receive laser ablation to prevent late recurrences...
March 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297033/microscope-integrated-oct-feasibility-and-utility-with-the-enfocus-system-in-the-discover-study
#9
Anne Runkle, Sunil K Srivastava, Justis P Ehlers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and utility of a novel microscope-integrated intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The DISCOVER study is an investigational device study evaluating microscope-integrated intraoperative OCT systems for ophthalmic surgery. This report focuses on subjects imaged with the EnFocus prototype system (Leica Microsystems/Bioptigen, Morrisville, NC). OCT was performed at surgeon-directed milestones...
March 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295944/paracentral-acute-middle-maculopathy-as-a-finding-in-patients-with-severe-vision-loss-following-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery
#10
Katarina Creese, Daini Ong, Sukhpal S Sandhu, David Ware, C Alex Harper, Salmaan H Al-Qureshi, Sanjeewa S Wickremasinghe
IMPORTANCE: Paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) as diagnosed by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) may be associated with "patch off" visual loss post cataract surgery. BACKGROUND: To report a case series of severe vision loss due to PAMM after cataract surgery DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Cases from five surgical centres (public and private) in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of cases with unexplained "patch-off" vision loss post cataract surgery...
March 13, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288603/a-cute-angle-closure-attack-after-an-intravitreal-bevacizumab-injection-for-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion-a-case-report
#11
Seongyong Jeong, Min Sagong, Woohyok Chang
BACKGROUND: Intravitreal injection is widely used to treat retinal vein occlusion, and acute angle closure (AAC) is an exceptional complication of intravitreal injection. The authors report a case of AAC that occurred immediately after administering intravitreal bevacizumab to treat branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old woman was referred to the retina clinic of a tertiary referral center for the treatment of macular edema secondary to BRVO...
March 14, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282068/surgical-treatment-and-optical-coherence-tomographic-evaluation-for-accidental-laser-induced-full-thickness-macular-holes
#12
Y Qi, Y Wang, Q You, F Tsai, W Liu
PurposeTo report OCT appearance and surgical outcomes of full-thickness macular holes (MHs) accidentally caused by laser devices.Patients and methodsThis retrospective case series included 11 eyes of 11 patients with laser-induced MHs treated by pars plana vitrectomy, internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, and gas or silicone oil tamponade. Evaluations included a full ophthalmic examination, macular spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and fundus photography. Main outcome measures is MH closure and final visual acuity; the secondary outcome was the changes of retinal pigment epithelium and photoreceptor layer evaluated by sequential post-operative SD-OCT images...
March 10, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278327/chorioretinal-lesions-presumed-secondary-to-zika-virus-infection-in-an-immunocompromised-adult
#13
Christopher R Henry, Luma Al-Attar, Alexis M Cruz-Chacón, Janet L Davis
Importance: Zika virus has spread rapidly throughout the Americas since 2015. The public health implications of Zika virus infection lend special importance to identifying the virus in unsuspected hosts. Objective: To describe relevant imaging studies and clinical features of chorioretinal lesions that are presumably associated with Zika virus and that share analogous features with chorioretinal lesions reported in cases of Dengue fever and West Nile virus. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a case report from an academic referral center in Miami, Florida, of a woman in her 60s from Guaynabo, Puerto Rico, who presented with reduced visual acuity and bilateral diffuse, subretinal, confluent, placoid, and multifocal chorioretinal lesions...
March 9, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277877/results-of-intravitreal-ranibizumab-treatment-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-infants
#14
Emine Alyamaç Sukgen, Yusuf Koçluk
PURPOSE: To assess the results of intravitreal ranibizumab treatment for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants. METHODS: A single-institution, retrospective consecutive case series. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients who received ranibizumab treatment for ROP were evaluated in this study. The mean follow-up time was 14 ± 1.37 months. Vascularization of the peripheral retina had completed with delay in the majority of cases and also avascular areas were present in the peripheral retinas of five infants at one year of age...
March 6, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275601/acute-hemorrhagic-retinopathy-following-intravitreal-melphalan-injection-for-retinoblastoma-a-report-of-two-cases-and-technical-modifications-to-enhance-the-prevention-of-retinal-toxicity
#15
Hassan A Aziz, Jonathan W Kim, Francis L Munier, Jesse L Berry
AIMS: To report the occurrence of acute hemorrhagic retinopathy following intravitreal melphalan injection for retinoblastoma. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of 2 patients with retinoblastoma treated with intravitreal melphalan for vitreous seeding who developed acute hemorrhagic retinopathy. RESULTS: Patient 1 is a 6-month-old female with bilateral retinoblastoma (Group D right eye and Group B left eye) treated with 4 cycles of systemic chemotherapy and 2 intravitreal melphalan injections in each eye...
January 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270999/fully-automated-diagnosis-of-papilledema-through-robust-extraction-of-vascular-patterns-and-ocular-pathology-from-fundus-photographs
#16
Khush Naseeb Fatima, Taimur Hassan, M Usman Akram, Mahmood Akhtar, Wasi Haider Butt
Rapid development in the field of ophthalmology has increased the demand of computer aided diagnosis of various eye diseases. Papilledema is an eye disease in which the optic disc of the eye is swelled due to an increase in intracranial pressure. This increased pressure can cause severe encephalic complications like abscess, tumors, meningitis or encephalitis, which may lead to a patient's death. Although there have been several papilledema case studies reported from a medical point of view, only a few researchers have presented automated algorithms for this problem...
February 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263029/feasibility-of-a-polyethylene-glycol-derivative-polymer-as-retinal-patch-to-seal-retinal-breaks-during-vitrectomy-for-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-a-prospective-in-vivo-pilot-study-in-a-porcine-model
#17
Jean Pierre Hubschman, Andrea Govetto, Matthew Farajzadeh, Tatsuhiko Sato, Syed Askari, Ben Glasgow
BACKGROUND: This is a pilot study to test a polyethylene glycol (PEG) derived polymer used as a retinal patch to seal retinal breaks during pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in a porcine model. METHODS: Sixteen eyes from 8 pigs were assigned to 2 study groups (12 eyes) and one control group (4 eyes). In all study groups the polymer was used in-vivo, during PPV, to seal the break of a surgically induced RRD. Eyes in study groups were partially or completely filled with balanced saline solution at the end of the surgery...
March 6, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247609/-hereditary-vitreous-degeneration-muddy-report-of-ten-cases
#18
Zhixin Shen, Enfang Gao, Wenqing Weng, Weiling Luo
Hereditary vitreous degeneration muddy is rare in clinic. Here we report ten cases (thirteen eyes) of hereditary vitreous degeneration muddy from two families. All patients presented with vitreous opacity, and the textures appeared tough and tensile. Two cases had concurrent detachment of rhegmatogenous retina. HE staining showed red changeableness, and methyl violet staining appeared purple. All patients received vitrectomy with traditional Chinese medicine treatment, and got satisfactory efficacy.
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225725/clinical-features-of-affected-and-undetached-fellow-eyes-in-patients-with-fevr-associated-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment
#19
Miner Yuan, Xiaoyan Ding, Yu Yang, Fang Liu, Jiaqing Li, Xiaoling Liang, Xiongze Zhang, Andina Hu, Zijing Li, Zongyi Zhan, Lin Lu
PURPOSE: To report the clinical characteristics of the affected and fellow eyes in patients with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy-associated rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (FEVR-RRD). METHODS: This was a retrospective observational case series. The affected and fellow eyes were given complete examinations. The age, sex, clinical features of the affected eyes, and varied abnormalities of the fellow eyes were analyzed. RESULTS: Forty-three patients with FEVR-RRD were included...
March 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222009/alzheimer-s-and-danish-dementia-peptides-induce-cataract-and-perturb-retinal-architecture-in-rats
#20
G Bhanuprakash Reddy, P Yadagiri Reddy, Avadhesha Surolia
Familial Danish dementias (FDDs) are autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorders that are associated with visual defects. In some aspects, FDD is similar to Alzheimer's disease (AD)- the amyloid deposits in FDD and AD are made of short peptides: amyloid β (Aβ) in AD and ADan in FDD. Previously, we demonstrated an interaction between the dementia peptides and α-crystallin leading to lens opacification in organ culture due to impaired chaperone activity of α-crystallin. Herein, we report the in vivo effects of ADan and Aβ on the eye...
March 1, 2017: Biomolecular Concepts
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