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Fetal malformations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079822/successfully-treated-congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-by-open-fetal-surgery-a-care-compliant-case-report-of-a-5-year-follow-up-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Rui Wang, Yi Huang, Yao Fu, Wen Ai, Meng Zeng, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare hamartomatous cystic lesion. Open fetal surgery currently provides a potential therapeutic option for management of a fetus with CCAM diagnosis. CASE SUMMARY: A 22-year-old G2P0 woman presented at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation for evaluation of a fetus with a left lung lesion and diagnosed as CCAM at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076893/-pseudo-feeders-on-fetal-mri-predict-outcome-in-vein-of-galen-malformations
#2
Guillaume Saliou, Irène Vraka, Jean-Paul Teglas, Marie-Victoire Senat, Philippe Durand, Claire Colmant, Augustin Ozanne, Jelena Martinovic, Pierre Tissiere, Catherine Adamsbaum
OBJECTIVE: While vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAM) can be diagnosed in the fetus, the challenge is predicting the occurrence of its two major complications: cardiopulmonary failure and encephalomalacia. This study attempts to determine which fetal brain MRI features might be used to predict the development of these complications at birth. METHODS: The cohort was extracted from a prospectively-assembled database of VGAM cases managed at a single referral centre from 2000 to 2014...
January 11, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068594/prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#3
REVIEW
Loïc Sentilhes, Marie-Victoire Sénat, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Elie Azria, Guillaume Benoist, Julie Blanc, Gilles Brabant, Florence Bretelle, Stéphanie Brun, Muriel Doret, Chantal Ducroux-Schouwey, Anne Evrard, Gilles Kayem, Emeline Maisonneuve, Louis Marcellin, Stéphane Marret, Nicolas Mottet, Sabine Paysant, Didier Riethmuller, Patrick Rozenberg, Thomas Schmitz, Héloïse Torchin, Bruno Langer
In France, 60,000 neonates are born preterm every year (7.4%), half of them after the spontaneous onset of labor. Among preventable risk factors of spontaneous prematurity, only cessation of smoking is associated with decreased prematurity (level of evidence [LE]1). It is therefore recommended (Grade A). Routine screening and treatment of vaginal bacteriosis is not recommended in the general population (Grade A). The only population for which vaginal progesterone is recommended is that comprising asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies, no history of preterm delivery, and a short cervix at 16-24 weeks of gestation (Grade B)...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061423/correlation-between-fetal-autopsy-and-prenatal-diagnosis-by-ultrasound-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
A Cristina Rossi, Federico Prefumo
: The objective of this study was to review literature about the correlation between fetal autopsy and ultrasound findings of fetal malformations. Search in PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, Clinicl trials.org, reference list was performed. Inclusion criteria for studies selection were: fetal autopsy performed after termination of pregnancy (TOP) or stillbirth, TOP for fetal anomalies, prenatal diagnosis of malformations, data reported as proportional rates. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: case reports, non English language, data reported in graphs or percentage...
December 29, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061000/prediction-of-neonatal-respiratory-distress-in-pregnancies-complicated-by-fetal-lung-masses
#5
Anna I Girsen, Susan R Hintz, Rami Sammour, Aasim Naqvi, Yasser Y El-Sayed, Katie Sherwin, Alexis S Davis, Valerie Y Chock, Richard A Barth, Erika Rubesova, Karl G Sylvester, Ritu Chitkara, Yair J Blumenfeld
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of fetal lung mass imaging for predicting neonatal respiratory distress. METHOD: Pregnancies with fetal lung masses between 2009 and 2014 at a single center were analyzed. Neonatal respiratory distress was defined as: Intubation and mechanical ventilation at birth, surgery before discharge, or ECMO. The predictive utility of the initial as well as maximal lung mass volume and congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) volume ratio (CVR) by US and MRI was analyzed...
January 6, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059843/clinically-relevant-female-genital-tract-anomalies
#6
Mary E Christiansen, Laura Detti
Müllerian anomalies are defined as congenital uterine malformations that arise from improperly developing Müllerian ducts. These malformations have a variety of presentations ranging from asymptomatic to amenorrhea, dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, pregnancy loss, fetal malpresentation, placental abruption, and intrauterine growth restriction. In this review, we discuss the clinical implications, diagnosis, and treatment of the various Müllerian anomalies focusing on the ones for which clinical intervention is amenable to improve pregnancy outcomes...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059605/fetal-dna-hypermethylation-in-tight-junction-pathway-is-associated-with-neural-tube-defects-a-genome-wide-dna-methylation-analysis
#7
Linlin Wang, Shanshan Lin, Ji Zhang, Tian Tian, Lei Jin, Aiguo Ren
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are a spectrum of severe congenital malformations of fusion failure of the neural tube during early embryogenesis. Evidence on aberrant DNA methylation in NTD development remains scarce, especially when exposure to environmental pollutant is taken into consideration. DNA methylation profiling was quantified using the Infinium HumanMethylation450 array in neural tissues from 10 NTD cases and 8 non-malformed controls (stage 1). Subsequent validation was performed using a Sequenom MassARRAY system in neural tissues from 20 NTD cases and 20 non-malformed controls (stage 2)...
January 6, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050458/congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-a-tertiary-care-hospital-experience
#8
Asmita Anilkumar Mehta, Naveen Viswanathan, Anil Kumar Vasudevan, Roopa Paulose, Mohan Abraham
INTRODUCTION: Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation (CCAM) is an uncommon developmental deformity affecting the terminal respiratory structures. It is characterized by broncho pulmonary foregut malformations. The reason behind it is an arrest in lung development between 4(th) and 7(th) week of fetal life. AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the clinical and radiological profile and also to study the role of surgical intervention in patients with CCAM...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043191/fetal-intraabdominal-umbilical-vein-varix-antenatal-diagnosis-and-management
#9
Murat Aykut Ozek, Pinar Calis, Merih Bayram, Deniz Karcaaltincaba
OBJECTIVE: Fetal intraabdominal vein varix (FIUVV) is sonographic finding with unknown prevalence. We aimed to point out this particular abnormality and review possible associations and complications which may arise. METHOD: We performed an unrestricted literature search via PubMed and included all cases diagnosed with FIUVV. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old, gravida 1 para 0 woman was referred to our clinic with possible diagnosis of FIUVV...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040135/pallister-killian-syndrome-cytogenetics-and-molecular-investigations-of-mosaic-tetrasomy-12p-in-prenatal-chorionic-villus-and-in-amniocytes-strategy-of-prenatal-diagnosis
#10
Francesco Libotte, Domenico Bizzoco, Ivan Gabrielli, Alvaro Mesoraca, Pietro Cignini, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Ilaria Marilli, Ferdinando Antonio Gulino, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Claudio Giorlandino
OBJECTIVE: Pallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is a rare, sporadic genetic disorder caused by mosaic tetrasomy of the short arm of chromosome 12 (12p). Clinically, PKS is characterized by several systemic abnormalities, such as intellectual impairment, hearing loss, epilepsy, hypotonia, craniofacial dysmorphism, pigmentary skin anomalies, epilepsy, and a variety of congenital malformations. Prenatally, PKS can be suspected in the presence of ultrasound anomalies: diaphragmatic hernia, rhizomelic micromelia, hydrops fetalis, fetal overweight, ventriculomegaly in the central nervous system, congenital heart defects, or absent visualization of the stomach...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033693/comparison-of-morphine-suppository-and-diclofenac-suppository-for-pain-management-after-elective-caesarean-section
#11
Atossa Mahdavi, Zeinab Telkabadi, Ashraf Aleyasin, Marzieh Agha Hosseini, Leili Safdarian, Ali Momenzadeh
This study investigated efficacy and side effects of Morphine suppository for pain management after the first elective caesarean delivery in comparison to Diclofenac suppository. One hundred women aged 18-40 with term pregnancies undergoing elective caesarean section for the first time participated in this prospective project. Exclusion criteria included drug sensitivity, fetal malformations or defects, and complications during the cesarean operation. After same spinal anesthesia and same surgical techniques and in the recovery room patients consecutively received 100 mg diclofenac suppository or 10 mg morphine suppository...
November 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032463/developmental-toxicity-studies-of-lumefantrine-and-artemether-in-rats-and-rabbits
#12
Robert L Clark, Maureen Youreneff, Anthony M DeLise
The combination of artemether plus lumefantrine is a type of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) recommended by the World Health Organization for uncomplicated falciparum malaria except in the first trimester of pregnancy. The first trimester restriction was based on the marked embryotoxicity in animals (including embryo death and cardiac and skeletal malformations) of artemisinins such as artesunate, dihydroartemisinin, and artemether. Before recommending ACTs for use in the first trimester, the World Health Organization has requested that all information relevant to the assessment of risk of ACTs to the embryo be made available to the public...
December 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part B, Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029461/-prevention-of-preterm-birth-by-uterine-cervical-cerclage
#13
L Marcellin
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on cervical insufficiency and indications of cervical cerclage cervix. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and international obstetrical societies between 1972 and June 2016 have been consulted. RESULTS: Cervical insufficiency is a pathophysiological concept and to date no consensual definition is available: the diagnosis is clinical and discussed retrospectively in case of patients with a history of late miscarriages and/or spontaneous preterm delivery, with asymptomatic dilatation of the cervix (professional consensus)...
October 29, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029460/-predictive-tools-of-preterm-birth-in-asymptomatic-high-risk-pregnancy
#14
J Blanc, F Bretelle
OBJECTIVE: Describe tools designed to predict preterm birth in asymptomatic high-risk pregnancy and determine their predictive value. METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: Obstetric history particularly spontaneous preterm birth identifies a population at risk for preterm birth for the current pregnancy (LE3). This risk is related to the number of prior preterm birth and is even higher than the term of the prior event is more premature and that the event concerns the last pregnancy (LE3)...
October 29, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025631/amniotic-band-syndrome-perinatal-hospice-and-palliative-care-versus-active-management
#15
Shadi Rezai, Justin Faye, Annika Chadee, Sri Gottimukkala, Ruchi Upadhyay, Carla Lara, Benamanahalli H Rajegowda, Andrew D Corwin, Rasila V Lala, Jessica Vernon, Dilfuza Nuritdinova, Stephen Chasen, Cassandra E Henderson
Introduction. Amniotic band syndrome and sequence are a relatively rare condition in which congenital anomalies occur as a result of the adherence and entrapment of fetal parts with coarse fibrous bands of the amniotic membrane. A large percentage of reported cases have an atypical gestational history. The frequency of this obstetric complication is not affected by fetal gender, genetic abnormality, or prenatal infection. Case. A 21-year-old, G1P0 female parturient at 18 weeks and 5 days with a single intrauterine gestation during a routine ultrasound evaluation was noted to have amniotic band sequence...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025031/triclosan-triclocarban-levels-in-maternal-and-umbilical-blood-samples-and-their-association-with-fetal-malformation
#16
Ling Wei, Pengyun Qiao, Ying Shi, Yan Ruan, Jie Yin, Qingqing Wu, Bing Shao
Triclosan (TCS) and triclocarban (TCC) are widely used as antimicrobial compounds in consumer products. TCS and TCC are frequently found in waste water and sewage. In this study, we investigate the potential impact of exposure to triclosan (TCS) and triclocarban (TCC) on fetal abnormalities. We measured TCS and TCC levels in maternal and umbilical cord blood samples from 39 pregnant women diagnosed with fetal or post-birth abnormalities at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital. 52 pregnant women who gave birth to healthy neonates during the same period of time were included as controls...
December 23, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017280/nutritional-beliefs-and-practices-among-diabetic-pregnant-mothers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bangladesh
#17
Ummy Salma Munni, Sharmin Hossain, Kazi Rumana Ahmed
BACKGROUND & AIM: Pregnant mothers with diabetes, especially in developing countries, are particularly prone to suffer from dietary imbalances due to superstitions and irrational beliefs and practices. The study aimed to explore the existing beliefs and practices related to food intake among Bangladeshi diabetic pregnant mothers. MATERIAL & METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 diabetic pregnant mothers (age in yrs, M±SD, 30±4), selected purposively from outpatient department of Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders...
December 13, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004267/effect-of-delivery-mode-on-neonatal-outcome-among-preterm-infants-an-observational-study
#18
Iris Holzer, Rainer Lehner, Robin Ristl, Peter W Husslein, Angelika Berger, Alex Farr
BACKGROUND: The optimal mode of delivery as a predictor for outcomes in preterm infants is under debate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the delivery mode on neonatal outcome among preterm infants in different birthweight categories. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of singleton preterm deliveries from 23 + 0 to 33 + 6 gestational weeks was performed. Infants were categorized based on birthweight as large for gestational age (LGA), appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and small for gestational age (SGA)...
December 21, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003925/fetal-valproate-syndrome-with-limb-defects-an-indian-case-report
#19
Manisha Goyal, Ashok Gupta, Manish Sharma, Priyanshu Mathur, Naresh Bansal
Epilepsy is a common disorder and exposure to antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy increases the risk of teratogenicity. Older AEDs such as valproate and phenobarbital are associated with a higher risk of major malformations in the fetus than newer AEDs like lamotrigine and levetiracetam. Exposure to valproic acid during first trimester can result in fetal valproate syndrome (FVS), comprising typical facial features, developmental delay, and a variety of malformations such as neural tube defects, cardiac and genitourinary malformations, and limb defects...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002851/prenatal-ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-cataract-in-utero-manifestations-of-cryptic-disease
#20
Eran Ashwal, Asaf Achiron, Yinon Gilboa, Michal Berkenstadt, Mordecai Rosner, Reuven Achiron
Purpose To report and review our experience with antenatal evaluation for fetuses diagnosed with congenital cataract. Materials and Methods We retrospectively identified pregnancies diagnosed with fetal cataract during antenatal ultrasound. Evaluation of fetal eyes included intraocular anatomy and biometry. Data on fetal malformations, serology and fetal karyotype were collected. Results 8 cases, identified over the course of 10 years, were reviewed. Week 15 was the mean time for diagnosis (range 11 - 34)...
December 21, 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
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