keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fetal malformations

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634753/fetal-cephaloceles-prenatal-diagnosis-and-course-of-pregnancy-in-65-consecutive-cases
#1
Jan Weichert, Friederike Hoellen, Martin Krapp, Ute Germer, Roland Axt-Fliedner, Andrea Kempe, Annegret Geipel, Christoph Berg, Ulrich Gembruch
PURPOSE: To scrutinize the characteristics of all cases with antenatally established diagnosis of cephalocele in two tertiary referral centers. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 65 cases diagnosed with cephaloceles and tabulated sonographic findings and autopsy recordings as well as medical charts of all survivors in terms of clinical outcome. RESULTS: The case notes of 65 fetuses were available for final analysis. Gestational age (GA) at diagnosis ranged from 10...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631022/risk-analysis-and-outcomes-of-bronchopulmonary-sequestrations
#2
Chun Hong, Gang Yu, Jing Tang, QianLi Liu, Bo Xia
BACKGROUND: Researched and discussed the risks and outcomes of bronchopulmonary sequestrations, especially the intralobar type. METHODS: A retrospective review of our experiences with bronchopulmonary sequestrations from January 2012 to April 2015 is reported. The present study researched and discusses the risks and outcomes of bronchopulmonary sequestrations, especially the intralobar type, compared with other types of bronchopulmonary sequestrations in symptoms, surgery, pathology, and excretion...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630545/legal-knowledge-as-a-tool-for-social-change-la-mesa-por-la-vida-y-la-salud-de-las-mujeres-as-an-expert-on-colombian-abortion-law
#3
Ana Cristina González Vélez, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo
In May 2006, Colombia's Constitutional Court liberalized abortion, introducing three circumstances under which the procedure would not be considered a crime: (1) rape or incest; (2) a risk to the woman's health or life; and (3) fetal malformations incompatible with life. Immediately following the court's ruling, known as Sentence C-355, members of La Mesa por la Vida y Salud de las Mujeres (hereinafter La Mesa) began to mobilize to ensure the decision's implementation, bearing in mind the limited impact that the legal framework endorsed by the court has had in other countries in the region...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630544/pregnancies-and-fetal-anomalies-incompatible-with-life-in-chile-arguments-and-experiences-in-advocating-for-legal-reform
#4
Lidia Casas, Lieta Vivaldi
Chile allows abortion under no circumstances. Whether it's fetal anomaly incompatible with life or congenital malformation resulting in little or no life expectancy, all Chilean women are expected to carry their pregnancies to term. In this context, in January 2015 the Chilean Congress began debating a bill to legalize abortion on three grounds, including fatal congenital malformation. The medical community, including midwives, has presented its views for and against, especially on how the law may affect clinical practices; in addition, women, many of whom have experienced a fatal congenital malformation diagnosis, have weighed in...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629280/absent-ductus-venosus-case-series-from-two-tertiary-centres
#5
Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Gabriele Saccone, M D Andrea Ciardulli, Laura Letizia Mazzarelli, Vincenzo Berghella, M D Pasquale Martinelli
INTRODUCTION: Congenital absence of the ductus venosus (ADV) is a rare vascular anomaly often associated with fetal cardiac and extracardiac anomalies, aneuploidies, and hydrops. The prognosis depends on the patterns of abnormal venous circulation, on the associated malformations and on chromosomal aberrations. METHODS: We performed a retrospective audit of all consecutive cases with ADV referred in our centres and analysed the outcomes. RESULTS: A total of six cases with prenatally diagnosed ADV were identified...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626764/does-chemotherapy-for-gynecological-malignancies-during-pregnancy-cause-fetal-growth-restriction
#6
REVIEW
Nabil Abdalla, Magdalena Bizoń, Robert Piórkowski, Paweł Stanirowski, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki
Cancer and pregnancy rarely coincide. Gynecological cancers are among the most common malignancies to occur during pregnancy, and chemotherapy with or without surgery is the primary treatment option. The main concern of administering chemotherapy during pregnancy is congenital malformation, although it can be avoided by delaying treatment until after organogenesis. The dose, frequency, choice of chemotherapeutic agents, time of treatment commencement, and method of administration can be adjusted to obtain the best maternal treatment outcomes while simultaneously minimizing fetal toxicity...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622418/severe-apparently-isolated-fetal-ventriculomegaly-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome
#7
Mathilde Letouzey, Alexandra Chadie, Marie Brasseur-Daudruy, François Proust, Eric Verspyck, Pascal Boileau, Stéphane Marret
OBJECTIVE: To assess the neurodevelopmental outcome of children with a prenatal diagnosis of apparently isolated severe ventriculomegaly (SVM). METHOD: Retrospective cohort study from 1994 to 2011. We included fetuses with unilateral or bilateral ventriculomegaly equal to or greater than 15 mm at prenatal ultrasound and confirmed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging, whose parents chose continuation of pregnancy past 22 weeks, and with no associated findings at diagnosis (i...
June 16, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618200/ambient-and-dosed-exposure-to-quaternary-ammonium-disinfectants-causes-neural-tube-defects-in-rodents
#8
Terry C Hrubec, Vanessa E Melin, Caroline S Shea, Elizabeth E Ferguson, Craig Garofola, Claire M Repine, Tyler W Chapman, Hiral R Patel, Reza M Razvi, Jesse E Sugrue, Haritha Potineni, Geraldine Magnin-Bissel, Patricia A Hunt
BACKGROUND: Quaternary ammonium compounds are a large class of chemicals used for their antimicrobial and antistatic properties. Two common quaternary ammonium compounds, alkyldimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride (ADBAC) and didecyldimethyl ammonium chloride (DDAC), are combined in common cleaners and disinfectants. Introduction of a cleaner containing ADBAC+DDAC in the vivarium caused neural tube defects (NTDs) in mice and rats. METHODS: To further evaluate this finding, male and female mice were dosed in the feed at 60 or 120 mg/kg/day, or by oral gavage at 7...
June 15, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614975/prenatal-diagnosis-of-fetal-right-and-left-congenital-ventricular-aneurysms
#9
Mamatha Gowda, Shree Bharathi, Monica Thiagarajan, Tripti Aneja
Congenital ventricular aneurysm is a rare cardiac malformation characterized by protrusion or out-pouching of a portion of the ventricular wall. The aneurysm usually has a broad based communication with the ventricular cavity and has to be differentiated from a diverticulum. Herein described are two such cases of left and right ventricular aneurysm each, diagnosed on prenatal ultrasound at 38 and 36 weeks of gestation respectively.
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612638/should-isolated-fetal-ventriculomegaly-measured-below-12%C3%A2-mm-be-viewed-as-a-variant-of-the-norm-results-of-a-5-year-experience-in-a-prenatal-referral-center
#10
Anaïs Lavongtheung, Guillaume Jedraszak, Philippe Naepels, Pierre Tourneux, Catherine Gondry-Jouet, Anne-Gaëlle L E Moing, Jean Gondry, Julien Chevreau
BACKGROUND: Fetal ventriculomegaly (VM) is defined as lateral ventricles measured above 10 mm. Some authors believe VM < 12 mm are variants of the norm and needn't be addressed for referral ultrasound. METHODS: A retrospective continuous cohort study of 127 confirmed fetal VM was divided in 3 groups after initial referral sonographic assessment: isolated VM < 12 mm (group A), isolated VM ≥ 12 mm (group B), and VM associated with other malformations (group C)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610933/herbal-laxatives-and-antiemetics-in-pregnancy
#11
Reza Samavati, Eszter Ducza, Judit Hajagos-Tóth, Robert Gaspar
Constipation appears in the 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancy, while nausea is the strongest in the 1st trimester. This review summarizes the applicability of herbal laxatives and antiemetics in pregnancy. A human study has shown that flax oil as laxative is safe from 2nd trimester. Human data is not available about the rhubarb, but animal studies reveal that its emodin content induces fetal abnormalities. Fenugreek induces teratogenic malformation both in human and animals. Senna seed is proved as a safe laxative in pregnancy...
June 10, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604182/the-magnitude-of-elevated-maternal-serum-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-and-pregnancy-complications
#12
Reuven Sharony, Oren Zipper, Keren Amichay, Amir Wiser, Debora Kidron, Tal Biron-Shental, Ron Maymon
This study assessed the correlation between the magnitude of the elevation in maternal serum human chorionic gonadotropin (MShCG) levels and pregnancy complications. Among 80,716 screened pregnancies, 120 with moderately elevated MShCG (3.00-5.99 MoM) were compared to 84 with extremely elevated MShCG >6.00 MoM. A control series of 120 women with normal MShCG (<3.00 MoM) were matched. Rates of intrauterine growth restriction, preterm labour, antepartum foetal death (APFD), pre-eclampsia, and placental abruption were analysed...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604095/anesthetic-management-using-a-laryngeal-mask-airway-in-a-child-with-congenital-bronchial-atresia
#13
Yuki Gomi, Asuka Taguchi, Sahoko Matsunari, Taisuke Iwamoto, Yui Kawamoto, Satoshi Tachikawa, Rikuo Masuda, Kinuko Gotoh, Takehiko Iijima
Congenital bronchial atresia is a relatively rare malformation that causes a segmental obstruction of the bronchus during the fetal period. The peripheral lung distal from the obstructed bronchus becomes hyperinflated because of the unidirectional flow through collateral check-valve entry. Positive pressure ventilation during general anesthesia may cause a rupture of the bulla, resulting in pneumothorax. An 8-year-old girl, who had to undergo oral surgery, was diagnosed as having congenital bronchial atresia and one-fifth of her lung was poorly ventilated...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600701/the-impact-of-exposure-to-antidepressant-medications-during-pregnancy-on-neonatal-outcomes-a-review-of-retrospective-database-cohort-studies
#14
REVIEW
Casey R Tak, Kathleen M Job, Katie Schoen-Gentry, Sarah C Campbell, Patrick Carroll, Maged Costantine, Diana Brixner, Angela K Birnbaum, Catherine M T Sherwin
INTRODUCTION: Concerns with prescription antidepressant use in pregnant women have instigated the examination of potential associations between fetal exposure to antidepressant medication and outcomes including preterm delivery, congenital malformations, perinatal and post-natal adverse events, persistent pulmonary hypertension, and mortality. The retrospective cohort model is an often utilized study design. The objective of this review is to evaluate the literature on antidepressant use in pregnancy conducted as retrospective cohorts in national/regional medical, or claims databases that assess neonatal and infant outcomes for agreement between studies, ultimately providing a methodological and outcomes summary for future scientific endeavors...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600057/molecular-genetic-characterization-of-a-prenatally-detected-de-novo-interstitial-deletion-of-chromosome-20p-20p12-p13-encompassing-jag1-and-a-literature-review-of-prenatal-diagnosis-of-alagille-syndrome
#15
Chih-Ping Chen, Chang-Sheng Yin, Liang-Kai Wang, Schu-Rern Chern, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Peih-Shan Wu, Wen-Lin Chen, Wayseen Wang
OBJECTIVE: We present prenatal diagnosis and molecular genetic characterization of a de novo interstitial deletion of chromosome 20p (20p12-p13) and a literature review of prenatal diagnosis of Alagille syndrome (ALGS). CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old woman underwent amniocentesis at 17 weeks of gestation because of an abnormal result of combined first-trimester screening. Her husband was 35 years old, and there was no family history of congenital malformations. Amniocentesis revealed a karyotype of 46,XY,del(20)(p12p13), and array comparative genomic hybridization analysis on uncultured amniocytes revealed a 3...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599395/fetal-interventional-procedures-and-surgeries-a-practical-approach
#16
REVIEW
Ahmed A Nassr, Hadi Erfani, James E Fisher, Oluseyi K Ogunleye, Jimmy Espinoza, Michael A Belfort, Alireza A Shamshirsaz
The identification of congenital birth defects and fetal malformations continues to increase during the antenatal period with improved imaging techniques. Understanding of how to treat specific fetal conditions continues to improve outcomes from these treatment modalities. In an effort to further improvement in this field, we provide a review that begins with a brief background of fetal surgery including the history of fetal surgery, ethics surrounding fetal surgery, and considerations of how to treat the fetus during intervention...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598915/anesthetic-and-obstetric-management-of-syringomyelia-during-labor-and-delivery-a-case-series-and-systematic-review
#17
Gráinne Patricia Garvey, Vibhangini S Wasade, Kellie E Murphy, Mrinalini Balki
BACKGROUND: Syringomyelia is a rare, slowly progressive neurological condition characterized by the presence of a syrinx within the spinal cord. Consensus regarding the safest mode of delivery and anesthetic management in patients with syringomyelia remains controversial and presents management dilemmas. This study reviews the cases of syringomyelia at our institution and provides a systematic review of the literature to guide decisions regarding labor and delivery management. METHODS: A retrospective review of cases at our hospital from 2002 to 2014 and a systematic review of the literature from 1946 to 2014 were undertaken...
June 8, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598570/the-outcome-of-isolated-prenatal-ventricular-size-disproportion-in-the-absence-of-aortic-coarctation
#18
A E L van Nisselrooij, L Rozendaal, I Linskens, S A Clur, J Hruda, E Pajkrt, C L van Velzen, N A Blom, M C Haak
OBJECTIVES: Ventricular size disproportion is a marker for aortic coarctation (CoA) in fetal life, however, approximately 50% of fetuses do not develop CoA after birth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the postnatal outcome of cases with ventricular disproportion in the absence of CoA in this cohort. METHODS: All cases with prenatal isolated ventricular size disproportion in the period 2002-2015 were extracted from a prenatal congenital heart defects (CHD) registry of a regional cohort...
June 9, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598114/-effects-of-lung-ventilation-perfusion-imaging-examination-on-pregnant-outcomes-of-rabbits
#19
Ze-Ming Zhang, Li-Jun Liu, Lei An, Xue-Qin Zhao, Lu Chen, Wei Yang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the pregnancy outcomes of rabbits being subjected to pulmonary ventilation perfusion imaging examinations. METHODS: Pregnant rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: control group and experimental (lung ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy) group.The pregnancy outcomes were measured using indicators of miscarriage,premature birth,and stillbirth,as well as malformations and developmental abnormalities of offspring over a three-month period...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596193/mr-imaging-diagnosis-of-diencephalic-mesencephalic-junction-dysplasia-in-fetuses-with-developmental-ventriculomegaly
#20
M Severino, A Righini, D Tortora, L Pinelli, C Parazzini, G Morana, P Accorsi, V Capra, D Paladini, A Rossi
Diencephalic-mesencephalic junction dysplasia is a rare malformation characterized by a poorly defined junction between the diencephalon and the mesencephalon, associated with a characteristic butterfly-like contour of the midbrain (butterfly sign). This condition may be variably associated with other brain malformations, including callosal abnormalities and supratentorial ventricular dilation, and is a potential cause of developmental hydrocephalus. Here, we have reported 13 fetuses with second-trimester obstructive ventriculomegaly and MR features of diencephalic-mesencephalic junction dysplasia, correlating the fetal imaging with available pathology and/or postnatal data...
June 8, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
keyword
keyword
55879
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"