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Bengt Lindström
This presentation is a synthesis of a workshop on Salutogenesis and the Future of Health Promotion and Public Health at the Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference in June 2016. A brief historical review of Public Health and Health Promotion development in a Nordic perspective is included. However, the main thrust of the article is to present how the salutogenic theory and approach could strengthen society's organised efforts to prevent disease, promote health and prolong life. A critical view based on existing evidence is maintained through the presentation that arrives at the conclusion it would be worthwhile to invest in effective theory driven approaches to the development of Public Health and Health Promotion in the future...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Sanjay Kalra, Manash P Baruah, Rakesh Sahay
Type 2 diabetes has emerged as a major threat to global public health. In spite of best efforts by health care professionals, persons with diabetes, and the community at large, remain unsatisfied with the approach to diabetes management. This brief communication utilizes Antonovsky's concept of salutogenesis, to suggest a person friendly and community friendly framework for diabetes care. Salutogenesis is used as a means of studying the biopsychosocial domains of diabetes, and as a guiding principle for health related communication...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sanjay Kalra, Jubbin Jacob, Manash P Baruah
Salutogenesis is an accepted approach for chronic disease management. Calorie restriction and exercise are two evidence based salutogenic interventions in diabetes treatment. Calorie restriction mimetics and exercise mimetics may be used as pharmacological tools to help manage diabetes in a sulutogenic manner. This article discusses the biochemical basis and pharmacology of metformin and sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. It describes how a combination of these drugs can be used as a calories restriction and exercise mimetic, to help improve diabetes control...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Marta Lima-Serrano, José Manuel Martínez-Montilla, Ana Magdalena Vargas-Martínez, José Antonio Zafra-Agea, Joaquín Salvador Lima-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To know the variables present in primary and secondary school students who do not smoke or intend to smoke from a positive health model. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 482 students from Andalusia and Catalonia using a validated questionnaire (ESFA and PASE project). Binary logistic regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: Those who did not intend to smoke viewed smoking unfavourably and had high self-efficacy (p <0.001)...
February 27, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
Karolina Luegmair, Christoph Zenzmaier, Claudia Oblasser, Martina König-Bachmann
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate women's satisfaction with care at the birthplace in Austria and to provide reference data for cross-country comparisons within the international Babies Born Better project. DESIGN: a cross-sectional design was applied. The data were extracted from the Babies Born Better survey as a national sub-dataset that included all participants with Austria as the indicated country of residence. SETTING: an online survey targeting women who had given birth within the last five years and distributed primarily via social media...
January 8, 2018: Midwifery
Manpreet Kaur, Ritu Jindal, Rohini Dua, Aanchal Gautam, Ramandeep Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Sense of coherence (SOC) is hypothesized to be an important psychological factor that enables people to cope with stressors and successfully maintain and improve health. Very few publications report on the relationship between "salutogenesis," as measured by the concept of SOC and oral health status. However, little is known about the relationship between the mother's SOC and dental caries of their children. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of mother's SOC level on dental caries status of their children...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Anthony Bateman, Chloe Campbell, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy
In this paper we conceptualize borderline personality disorder as a disorder of mentalizing, social cognition, and loss of resilience. Several treatment approaches are effective, and meta-analyses suggest that there are few substantive differences in effectiveness between them and between specialized and non-specialized approaches. We propose that these findings arise because of shared mechanisms of change, congruent with current thinking both about the existence of a general 'p' factor of psychopathology and a reconceptualization of personality disorders as involving a lack of resilience resulting from problems with epistemic trust and salutogenesis, the capacity to derive benefit from the social environment...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
Maria Warne, Kristen Snyder, Katja Gillander Gådin
From the perspective of salutogenesis, schools have opportunities to create supportive environments for health and well-being, but there is a need for more knowledge about positive health determinants in the school setting. The aim of this study was to analyse adolescents' self-reported positive health and its association with supportive factors in the school environment. Data was derived from a cross-sectional study in which pupils were aged 12-16 (n=1527). A positive health scale was used to examine the association of positive health with the following determinants: classroom participation; teacher support; peer support; parental support; and personal relative affluence...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Ruca Maass, Bengt Lindström, Monica Lillefjell
BACKGROUND: Providing individuals with psychosocial resources such as sense of coherence (SOC) seems a beneficial strategy for health promotion in the neighborhood. In order to become a supporting theory for health promotion, Salutogenesis should renew its focus on resources for health, and explore how the development of a strong SOC can be facilitated. METHODS: Relevant issues were explored using a Grounded Theory- approach. Three focus-group-sessions and three in-depth interviews were conducted with strategically sampled participants...
September 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
Aline Cavalcanti da Costa, Fabrícia Soares Rodrigues, Priscila Prosini da Fonte, Aronita Rosenblatt, Nicola Patricia Thérèse Innes, Mônica Vilela Heimer
BACKGROUND: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychosocial factor capable of influencing perception of health, improving one's ability to manage life. It is the central construct of salutogenesis. SOC allows for identification and mobilization of resources to effectively manage or solve problems, promoting health and quality of life. Using Wilson-Cleary's conceptual model we hypothesized that SOC might contribute to self-perception of dental aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SOC levels were related to self-perception of dental aesthetics against assessed normative orthodontic treatment need among adolescents...
August 17, 2017: BMC Oral Health
Dine J Feenstra, Patrick Luyten, Dawn L Bales
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is common in clinical practice. Psychotherapy is the treatment of choice, and mentalization-based treatment (MBT) is one of the empirically supported treatments that are currently available. For adults, two variants of MBT (MBT day hospital [MBT-DH] and MBT intensive outpatient [MBT-IOP]) have been developed and empirically evaluated. The authors review research on the development, efficacy, and implementation of MBT. In conclusion, the authors focus on the implementation of treatment programs for BPD patients...
2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
Dana Hag Hamed, Marguerite Daniel
Although there are many studies assessing the influence of religious beliefs on health they do not agree on whether the impact is positive or negative. More so, there is no consensus in the available literature on the definition of fatalism and what it means to individuals. In this phenomenological study we attempt to define what religious fatalism means to people living with diabetes in Khartoum, and how it affects their health beliefs, and how those beliefs affect their sense of coherence and generalized resistance resources, since salutogenesis is the guiding theory in this study...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
Valerie Smith, Deirdre Daly, Ingela Lundgren, Tine Eri, Cecily Begley, Mechthild M Gross, Soo Downe, Zarko Alfirevic, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Maternity intrapartum care research and clinical care more often focus on outcomes that minimise or prevent adverse health rather than on what constitutes positive health and wellbeing (salutogenesis). This was highlighted recently in a systematic review of reviews of intrapartum reported outcomes where only 8% of 1648 individual outcomes, from 102 systematic reviews, were agreed as being salutogenically-focused. Added to this is variation in the outcomes measured in individual studies rendering it very difficult for researchers to synthesise, fully, the evidence from studies on a particular topic...
April 19, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
This paper sets out a recent transition in our thinking in relation to psychopathology associated with personality disorder, in an approach that integrates our thinking about attachment, mentalizing (understanding ourselves and others in terms of intentional mental states) and epistemic trust (openness to the reception of social communication that is personally relevant and of generalizable significance) with recent findings on the structure of both adult and child psychopathology and resilience. In this paper - the first of two parts - we review evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or p factor underlies vulnerability for psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Alena Voseckova, Zuzana Truhlarova, Jana Levicka, Blanka Klimova, Kamil Kuca
In the context of salutogenesis, coping with diabetes is perceived as a dynamic process of changes in all aspects of biopsychosocial model of health/disease. Understanding of salutoprotective factors allows for estimation of client's extent of vulnerability and ability to cope with the disease. The objective of the study is to assess selected salutoprotective factors in diabetic clients (SOC-type hardiness, well-being-subjective feelings and states scale [SUPOS], perceived social support scale [PSSS]). Low values of SOC, PSSS, and SUPOS suggest an increased need in psychosocial care...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Shanta R Dube, Shobhana Rishi
The long-term negative consequences of adverse childhood experiences are well documented. However, less is known about salutogenesis (well-being) among adult survivors of childhood adversity. The 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data were analyzed to assess the contribution of four health promoting factors (physical activity, smoking abstinence, educational level, social-emotional support) with positive health-related quality of life (HRQoL), among adults who retrospectively reported childhood abuse or exposure to other childhood toxic stressors (n=12,032) and separately for adults who reported childhood sexual abuse (CSA)...
February 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
Eleanor Stock
AIM: To determine whether salutogenesis, a concept of health and wellbeing, can be identified in nurses who self-describe as thriving professionally. BACKGROUND: Nurse burnout can potentially impact clinical performance, patient safety, and increase the turnover of nurses, which all contribute to additional healthcare costs. The ability to not only avoid burnout, but to thrive in stressful environments is an important factor worth exploring. The salutogenic concept is related to this...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Claudia Meier Magistretti, Soo Downe, Bengt Lindstrøm, Marie Berg, Katharina Tritten Schwarz
There is a lack of systematic evidence concerning health orientation in maternity practice in the current climate of risk avoidance. The midwifery professional project is orientated toward the preservation of normal physiological processes during the maternity episode. This study investigates accounts of midwives who were working in health-orientated birth settings, to examine if and how they frame a health orientation in professional practice. Twenty-seven narrative interviews were conducted with midwives working in pre-, peri-, and postnatal care in different maternity care settings in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
M Lizarbe-Chocarro, F Guillén-Grima, I Aguinaga-Ontoso, N Canga Armayor
BACKGROUND: The sense of coherence (SOC), the central concept of the salutogenesis model described by Aaron Antonovsky, has been employed as a predictor of measures of perceived and objective health. It is strongly and positively related to healthy behaviour and is mainly developed while young and studying. University students are a target youth group for applying measures promoting health according to their SOC level; it is therefore necessary to check the quality of the scale's measurement...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Erika Langham, Alex M T Russell, Nerilee Hing, Sally M Gainsbury
Understanding why some people experience problems with gambling whilst others are able to restrict gambling to recreational levels is still largely unexplained. One potential explanation is through salutogenesis, which is a health promotion approach of understanding factors which move people towards health rather than disease. An important aspect of salutogenesis is sense of coherence. Individuals with stronger sense of coherence perceive their environment as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful. The present study examined the relationship of individuals' sense of coherence on their gambling behaviour and experience of gambling related harm...
June 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
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