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Menarche and diabetes

Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Gita D Mishra
In this study, we aimed to examine the association between age at menarche and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Data were from 4,749 women participating in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health between 2000 and 2012. Age at menarche was reported at baseline in 2000 when women were aged 22-27 years. During 12 years of follow-up, information on GDM diagnosis was obtained for each live birth. Log-binomial regression analysis was used to estimate relative risks and 95% confidence intervals. Analyses adjusted for mother's highest completed educational qualification, nulliparity, polycystic ovary syndrome, physical activity, and body mass index...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
H Li, L Shen, L Song, B Liu, X Zheng, S Xu, Y Wang
AIM: Early age at menarche has been reported to increase type 2 diabetes risk, but little is known of its impact on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk. The aim of this study was to examine the association between age at menarche and plasma glucose levels as well as GDM risk. METHODS: A total of 6900 pregnant women from the Healthy Baby Cohort Study were included in our analysis. Age at menarche was self-reported and categorized into five groups (9-11, 12, 13, 14 and 15-18 years of age)...
February 1, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
L L Hui, H S Lam, G M Leung, C M Schooling
OBJECTIVES: Preterm birth is associated with altered pubertal timing, but the effect on pubertal duration has rarely been assessed. Here, we tested the hypothesis that preterm birth is associated with shorter duration of puberty among girls in Hong Kong where preterm birth has little social patterning. METHODS: In the population-representative Chinese birth cohort "Children of 1997", we used multivariable linear regression to assess the association of preterm status (≤36 completed gestational weeks, n = 170; term birth 37-42 gestational weeks, n = 3476) with duration of puberty, adjusted for parent's highest education, mother's place of birth, maternal smoking during pregnancy, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and mother's age of menarche...
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Melissa F Wellons, Juliana J Matthews, Catherine Kim
Type 2 diabetes is a global epidemic, and the prevalence and incidence of type 1 diabetes are increasing. The negative effects of diabetes on kidneys, nerves, and vessels are well established. The effect of diabetes on reproductive function is less well understood, but important to characterize, given the increasing numbers of young women with diabetes. In this review, we summarize the available literature on how women with diabetes experience ovarian aging, from menarche to menopause. We report that women with type 1 diabetes appear more likely to have ovarian dysfunction, manifested by delayed menses, menstrual irregularities, and possibly earlier menopause...
February 2017: Maturitas
L Manta, N Suciu, O Toader, R M Purcărea, A Constantin, F Popa
Uterine fibroids or uterine leiomyomas are the most common benign tumors of the uterus among women of fertile age, while the etiology is still incompletely elucidated. The occurrence and development of the fibromatosis may be related to certain risk factors and genic mechanisms, although the exact causes are not yet fully known. The development of uterine fibroids is correlated not only with the metabolism and with the level of female sexual hormones, estrogen, and progesterone, but also with the number of these hormone receptors expressed on the surface of the myometrium...
January 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
Dragana Škiljić, Staffan Nilsson, Anne Petersen, Jan-Olof Karlsson, Anders Behndig, Lada Kalaboukhova, Madeleine Zetterberg
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that the higher prevalence of cataract in women is caused by a withdrawal effect of oestrogen at menopause. In vitro studies have demonstrated protection of serum oestradiol (E2) against oxidative stress through upregulation of antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (SOD). The purpose of the present study was to investigate E2 levels and SOD erythrocyte activity in patients with age-related cataract. METHODS: The studied subjects consisted of 103 patients with age-related cataract and 22 controls...
November 29, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Jingmei Li, Mikael Eriksson, Kamila Czene, Per Hall, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg
STUDY QUESTION: Can the diagnosis of common diseases before menopause influence age at natural menopause (ANM) onset? SUMMARY ANSWER: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and depression were observed to delay menopause. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: It has been observed that women who undergo early menopause experience a higher burden of health problems related to metabolic syndromes, heart disease and depression, but whether ANM can be influenced by common adult diseases has not been studied extensively...
December 2016: Human Reproduction
H Wang, R Y Hu, J M Zhong, Y J Qian, C M Wang, K X Xie, L L Chen, Z Bian, Y Guo, M Yu, Z M Chen, L M Li
Objective: To explore the associations between age at menarche and diabetes in adult women. Methods: We analyzed the baseline data of 32 364 female participants who were aged 30-79 years and had been enrolled into China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) study from Tongxiang, Zhejiang province. Multiple logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the putative associations after adjusting for potential confounders. Variables of menarche age and others were added to the logistic regression model to evaluate the multiplicative interaction, respectively...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Jae-Ho Yoo
The menarcheal age of Korean women has been rapidly decreasing for the last 50 years, and the average menarcheal age of women born in the 1990s is approaching 12.6 years. In addition, interest in early puberty has been increasing recently owing to the rapid increase in precocious puberty. Generally, out of concern for short stature and early menarche, idiopathic central precocious puberty in female adolescents is treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs. Studies to date have described the association between early menarche and psychosocial problems such as delinquency and risky sexual behavior, as well as physical health problems such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and breast cancer throughout the lifespan of women...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Chia-Chun Li, Tsui-Hsia Feng
Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological cancer and the sixth most common cancer among women in Taiwan. Risk factors for endometrial cancer include obesity, long-term estrogen replacement therapy, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, nulliparty, early age at menarche, late age at menopause, and tamoxifen therapy. Most women with endometrial cancer exhibit abnormal uterine bleeding. Endometrial cancer is often diagnosed at stage I. Surgery alone is the primary treatment for stage I endometrial cancer...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Gita D Mishra, Hsin-Fang Chung, Nirmala Pandeya, Annette J Dobson, Lee Jones, Nancy E Avis, Sybil L Crawford, Ellen B Gold, Daniel Brown, Lynette L Sievert, Eric Brunner, Janet E Cade, Victoria J Burley, Darren C Greenwood, Graham G Giles, Fiona Bruinsma, Alissa Goodman, Kunihiko Hayashi, Jung Su Lee, Hideki Mizunuma, Diana Kuh, Rachel Cooper, Rebecca Hardy, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Kathryn A Lee, Mette Kildevæld Simonsen, Toyoko Yoshizawa, Nancy F Woods, Ellen S Mitchell, Mark Hamer, Panayotes Demakakos, Sven Sandin, Hans-Olov Adami, Elisabete Weiderpass, Debra Anderson
OBJECTIVES: The International Collaboration for a Life Course Approach to Reproductive Health and Chronic Disease Events (InterLACE) project is a global research collaboration that aims to advance understanding of women's reproductive health in relation to chronic disease risk by pooling individual participant data from several cohort and cross-sectional studies. The aim of this paper is to describe the characteristics of contributing studies and to present the distribution of demographic and reproductive factors and chronic disease outcomes in InterLACE...
October 2016: Maturitas
G Halac, E Kilic, M A Cikrikcioglu, K Celik, A Toprak-Erek, S Keskin, I Gultepe, R S Celik, N Ozaras, A Yildiz, S Aydin, O Akan, C Karatoprak, Y Sekin, T Asil
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the predisposition for atherosclerosis in patients with RLS through serum sLOX-1 (serum Lectin-Like Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-1) measurements. BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological studies have suggested an association of RLS with certain chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM), obesity, hypertension (HT), and hyperlipidemia. LOX-1 is expressed in endothelial cells, macrophages, and in smooth muscle cells under the effect of proatherogenic conditions...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Erin S LeBlanc, Kristopher Kapphahn, Haley Hedlin, Manisha Desai, Nisha I Parikh, Simin Liu, Donna R Parker, Matthew Anderson, Vanita Aroda, Shannon Sullivan, Nancy F Woods, Molly E Waring, Cora E Lewis, Marcia Stefanick
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand the association between women's reproductive history and their risk of developing type 2 diabetes. We hypothesized that characteristics signifying lower cumulative endogenous estrogen exposure would be associated with increased risk. METHODS: Prospective cohort analysis of 124,379 postmenopausal women aged 50 to 79 years from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI). We determined age of menarche and final menstrual period, and history of irregular menses from questionnaires at baseline, and calculated reproductive length from age of menarche and final menstrual period...
January 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Yun Shen, Hui Hu, Brandie D Taylor, Haidong Kan, Xiaohui Xu
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between early menarche and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012 were used to investigate the association between age at menarche and the risk of GDM at first birth among 5914 women. A growth mixture model was used to detect distinctive menarche onset patterns based on self-reported age at menarche. Logistic regression models were then used to examine the associations between menarche initiation patterns and GDM after adjusting for sociodemographic factors, family history of diabetes mellitus, lifetime greatest Body Mass Index, smoking status, and physical activity level...
March 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Tracy Williams, Rami Mortada, Samuel Porter
Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrinopathy among reproductive-aged women in the United States, affecting approximately 7% of female patients. Although the pathophysiology of the syndrome is complex and there is no single defect from which it is known to result, it is hypothesized that insulin resistance is a key factor. Metabolic syndrome is twice as common in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome compared with the general population, and patients with polycystic ovary syndrome are four times more likely than the general population to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus...
July 15, 2016: American Family Physician
Aimin Yang, Simin Liu, Ning Cheng, Hongquan Pu, Min Dai, Jiao Ding, Juansheng Li, Haiyan Li, Xiaobin Hu, Xiaowei Ren, Jie He, Tongzhang Zheng, Yana Bai
AIMS: Hormonal milieu has long been known to play an important role in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aims of this study are to investigate the roles of menstrual and reproductive factors in relation to T2D risk in an occupational cohort of Chinese women; and to explore the role of endogenous estrogen in T2D development. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from 16114 women (11051 premenopausal and 5063 postmenopausal) aged ≥20years who participated in the ongoing prospective occupational cohort study...
September 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Lina Saleh Hassan, Rebecca S Monson, Kirstie K Danielson
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate whether oestradiol differs between premenopausal women with and without type 1 diabetes and whether levels are associated with such factors as age, reproductive history or diabetes management. METHODS: Oestradiol in premenopausal women with type 1 diabetes (n = 89; age = 18-50 years; duration = 13-18 years) and age-matched/race-matched controls without diabetes (n = 76) was collected during a cross-sectional ancillary study of the Wisconsin Diabetes Registry Study, a population-based incident cohort...
February 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Yan Jiang, Ning Wang, Duo Yin, Yong Kang Li, Li Guo, Li Ping Shi, Xiao Huang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to examine whether miR-887-5p could be used as a diagnostic marker for endometrial cancer. METHODS: In the first stage, differentially expressed serum micro-RNAs (miRNAs) in the sera of 50 healthy subjects and 50 patients with endometrial cancer were screened by performing Solexa sequencing. In addition, differential expression of these serum miRNAs in endometrial cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues from 3 patients with endometrial cancer was examined...
July 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Jong Chul Won, Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim
Early menarche is strongly associated with adulthood obesity; however, the relationship between age at menarche and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Korean women remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated the association between early menarche and risk factors for developing CVD during adulthood using a nationwide population database.In total, 12,336 women (weighted n = 17,483,406; weighted age, 45.7 years) who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010 to 2013 were included in this study...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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