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miRNA Lung cancer

Yi Ping Zheng, Linxia Wu, Jie Gao, Yanfu Wang
microRNAs (miRs) are targets for genomic aberrations and emerging treatments against cancer. It has been demonstrated that targeting miR-569 may potentially benefit patients with ovarian or breast cancer. However, the exact roles of miR-569 remain unclear in human lung cancer cells. Using the reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), it was demonstrated that miR-569 expression was consistently decreased in lung cancer cells. As well as cell proliferation and migration inhibition, apoptosis and cell arrest at the G1 phase were induced following reversion of miR-569 expression in lung cancer cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Yuhan Liu, Anbang He, Baoer Liu, Yucheng Zhong, Xinhui Liao, Jiangeng Yang, Jieqing Chen, Jianting Wu, Hongbing Mei
Several epidemiological studies have reported that polymorphisms in microRNA-196a2 (miR-196a2) were associated with various cancers. However, the results remained unverified and were inconsistent in different cancers. Therefore, we carried out an updated meta-analysis to elaborate the effects of rs11614913 polymorphism on cancer susceptibility. A total of 84 articles with 35,802 cases and 41,541 controls were included to evaluate the association between the miR-196a2 rs11614913 and cancer risk by pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Rie Kanaoka, Hisae Iinuma, Hitoshi Dejima, Takashi Sakai, Hirofumi Uehara, Noriyuki Matsutani, Masafumi Kawamura
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to clarify the usefulness of plasma exosomal microRNA-451a (miR-451a) as a novel biomarker for the early prediction of recurrence and prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients after curative resection. METHODS: Before surgery, plasma samples were collected and exosomal microRNA (miRNA) levels were evaluated. We first profiled specific exosomal miRNAs related to recurrence in 6 NSCLC patients with stage IA cancer by miRNA microarray...
March 13, 2018: Oncology
Gayan Mirihana Arachchilage, Prakash Kharel, Joshua Reid, Soumitra Basu
Since the elevated levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) often cause various diseases, selective inhibition of miRNA maturation is an important therapeutic strategy. Commonly used anti-miRNA strategies are limited to targeting of mature miRNAs, as the upstream targeting of miRNA maturation with an oligonucleotide is challenging due to the presence of stable pre-miRNA stem-loop structure. Previously, we reported that about 16% of known human pre-miRNAs have the potential to adopt G-quadruplex (GQ) structures alternative to canonical stem-loops...
March 12, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
Tian-Tian Li, Xiang Gao, Li Gao, Bin-Liang Gan, Zu-Cheng Xie, Jing-Jing Zeng, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: It is generally acknowledged that miRNAs play pivotal roles in the initiation and development of cancer. The aim of the current study is to investigate the clinicopathological role of miR-136-5p in lung adenocarcinoma and its underlying molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of a cohort of 1242 samples were provided by the Gene Expression Omnibus and The Cancer Genome Atlas to evaluate miR-136-5p expression in lung adenocarcinoma. A comprehensive meta-analysis integrating the expression data from all sources was performed, followed by a summary receiver operating curve plotted to appraise the upregulated expression of miR-136-5p in lung adenocarcinoma...
February 22, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Xuemei Du, Fei Qi, Sheyu Lu, Yongchun Li, Wei Han
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoke is by far the greatest risk factor for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Nicotine, an active alkaloid in tobacco, is unable to initiate tumorigenesis in humans and rodents, but can promote the growth and metastasis of various tumors, including NSCLC, initiated by tobacco carcinogens. Recently, cigarette smoke is reported to downregulate 24 miRNAs more than 3-fold in the lungs of rats, and most of these downregulated miRNAs are associated with NSCLC initiation and development...
March 5, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Pushpendra Pratap, Syed Tasleem Raza, Shania Abbas, Farzana Mahdi
Lung carcinoma is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide; it has been regarded as the origin of death by melanoma universally. Frequently, lung carcinomas identified in progressive phase and have lowermost roots of existence in any category of the cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small having 18-25 nucleotides extended noncoding RNAs regulating gene expression and elaborate in a wide assortment of cellular progressions also. Cumulative indications propose that, miRNA plays imperative and multifarious roles in cases of human lung cancer genetics...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Qingqing Feng, Wei-Dong Chen, Yan-Dong Wang
The gut microbiota, as the main member in gut microecology, is an essential mediator in health and disease. The gut microbiota interacts with various organs and systems in the body, including brain, lung, liver, bone, cardiovascular system, and others. Microbiota-derived metabolites such as the short chain fatty acid (SCFA) butyrate are primary signals, which link the gut microbiota and physiology. Recently, the gut microbiota has been identified as the origin of a number of diseases by influencing the related cell signaling pathways such as WNT/beta-catenin pathway in colorectal cancer and T cell receptor signaling in the central nervous system...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Q Zhu, Q Zang, Z-M Jiang
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are small noncoding RNAs that primarily function in RNA silencing and gene regulation at the posttranscriptional level in animals, plants and certain viruses. They have been reported to play a vital role in development and progression of diseases such as cancer. The present study was undertaken to establish a correlation between a specific miRNA in this cluster, termed miR92a, and its association with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total RNA was isolated from the plasma using an RNeasy mini kit and cDNA was synthesized by TaqMan MicroRNA Reverse Transcription kit...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Xiaofeng Xu, Feng Gao, Jianjiang Wang, Lan Tao, Jinsong Ye, Li Ding, Wei Ji, Xing Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between miR-122-5p and DUSP4 and their effects on gastric cancer (GC) cell mobility and invasiveness. METHODS: Abnormally expressed miRNAs and mRNAs were analyzed using microarrays. The miR-122-5p and DUSP4 mRNA expression levels in GC tissues and cells were determined by RT-qPCR. The target relationship between miR-122-5p and DUSP4 was validated by dual luciferase reporter assay. GC cell mobility and invasiveness were respectively observed by wound healing assay and transwell invasion assay...
March 6, 2018: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Xiaotian Zhang, Jian Yin, Xu Zhang
Increasing evidence suggests that dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) may lead to a variety of diseases. Therefore, identifying disease-related miRNAs is a crucial problem. Currently, many computational approaches have been proposed to predict binary miRNA-disease associations. In this study, in order to predict underlying miRNA-disease association types, a semi-supervised model called the network-based label propagation algorithm is proposed to infer multiple types of miRNA-disease associations (NLPMMDA) by mutual information derived from the heterogeneous network...
March 2, 2018: Genes
Tomasz Powrózek, Radosław Mlak, Marcin Dziedzic, Teresa Małecka-Massalska, Dariusz Sagan
INTRODUCTION: MicroRNA (miRNA) are attractive markers of lung cancer, due to their regulatory role in cell cycle. However, we know more about function of miRNA in cancer development, there is still little known about role of their precursors (primary miRNA; pri-miRNA) in tumorgenesis. In present study we investigated potential role of miRNA-944 and its precursor pri-miRNA-944 in development of squamous-cell lung cancer (SCC) and explored interdependence between miRNA precursor and its mature form...
January 10, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
De-Jia Li, Cheng-Cao Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Xin-Yuan Qiu, Lv-Yun Zhu, Chu-Shu Zhu, Jia-Xin Ma, Tao Hou, Xiao-Min Wu, Si-Si Xie, Lu Min, De-An Tan, Dongyi Zhang, Lingyun Zhu
MicroRNAs have been reported related to multiple diseases and has potential applications in diagnosis and therapeutics. However, detection of miRNAs remains improvable, given their complexity, high cost and low sensitivity of currently. In this study, we attempt to build a novel platform that detects miRNAs at low cost and high efficacy. This detection system contains isothermal amplification, detecting and reporting process based on Rolling Circle Amplification, CRISPR-Cas9, and split-Horseradish Peroxidase techniques...
February 27, 2018: ACS Synthetic Biology
Jiangang Liu, Yingru Xing, Ling Rong
A number of miRNAs have been found to be abnormally expressed or mutated in numerous cancers and thus, are considered to act as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of miR-181 on cisplatin-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In patients with cisplatin-resistant NSCLC, miR-181 expression was found to be markedly decreased. In addition, in the cisplatin-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549/DDP, miR-181 downregulation promoted cell growth and metastasis and inhibited cell apoptosis, whereas miR-181 overexpression exerted the opposite effects...
February 13, 2018: Oncology Reports
You-Jie Li, Yun-Xiao Sun, Rui-Min Hao, Pin Wu, Li-Jun Zhang, Xu Ma, Ying Ma, Ping-Yu Wang, Ning Xie, Shu-Yang Xie, Wei Chen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) have recently become a popular focus of cancer research due to their ability to act as oncogenes or tumor suppressors. In the present study, miR‑33a‑5p expression was identified to be downregulated in lung adenocarcinoma samples compared with normal, which suggested that miR‑33a‑5p may serve as a tumor suppressor gene. Transfection with miR‑33a‑5p mimics inhibited the proliferation and migration of A549 and LTEP‑a‑2 cells and increased cellular apoptosis. A luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR‑33a‑5p targets the 3'‑untranslated region of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) gene...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Jian Su, Qixin Leng, Yanli Lin, Jie Ma, Fangran Jiang, Cheng-Ju Lee, HongBin Fang, Feng Jiang
We have demonstrated that assessments of microRNA (miRNA) expressions in circulating peripheral blood mononucleated cell (PBMC) and sputum specimens, respectively, may help diagnose lung cancer. To assess the individual and combined analysis of the miRNAs across the different body fluids for lung cancer early detection, we analyse a panel of 3 sputum miRNAs (miRs-21, 31, and 210) and a panel of 2 PBMC miRNAs (miRs-19b-3p and 29b-3p) in a discovery cohort of 68 patients with lung cancer and 66 cancer-free smokers...
2018: Biomarkers in Cancer
Qingchun Lu, Shan Shan, Yanyan Li, Dongyi Zhu, Wenjing Jin, Tao Ren
Long noncoding RNAs participate in the progression and initiation of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), although the mechanism remains unknown. The lncRNA identified as small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 ( SNHG1) is a novel lncRNA that is increased in multiple human cancers; however, the regulatory mechanism requires further investigation. In this study, we discovered that SNHG1 was markedly up-regulated in NSCLC tissues and cells and that SNHG1 silencing decreased tumor volumes. Moreover, we explored its regulatory mechanism and found that SNHG1 directly bound to microRNA (miRNA)-145-5p, isolating miR-145-5p from its target gene MTDH...
February 21, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Ulrich Baumgartner, Fabienne Berger, Ali Hashemi Gheinani, Sabrina Sofia Burgener, Katia Monastyrskaya, Erik Vassella
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations enable constitutive active downstream signaling of PI3K/AKT, KRAS/ERK and JAK/STAT pathways, and promote tumor progression by inducing uncontrolled proliferation, evasion of apoptosis and migration of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In addition, such EGFR mutations increase the susceptibility of patients with NSCLC to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy, but treated patients will invariably relapse with resistant disease...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Taeho Kwon, Nisansala Chandimali, Do Luong Huynh, Jiao Jiao Zhang, Nameun Kim, Yesol Bak, Do-Young Yoon, Dae-Yeul Yu, Jae Cheol Lee, Meeta Gera, Mrinmoy Ghosh, Yang Ho Park, Dong Kee Jeong
Chemotherapy is a standard treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the dose-limiting toxicity of drugs and the development of chemoresistance are major clinical challenges to successful management of NSCLC. Asian traditional medicine is gaining global attention as a non-toxic alternative to chemotherapy. BRM270 is an extract formulated from seven Asian medicinal plants that has been shown to inhibit tumor cell proliferation in diverse cancer types. We previously demonstrated that BRM270 suppresses tumorigenesis by negatively regulating nuclear factor-κB signaling in multidrug-resistant cancer stem cells (CSCs)...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
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