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Dog pet therapy

Emma Ward-Griffin, Patrick Klaiber, Hanne K Collins, Rhea L Owens, Stanley Coren, Frances S Chen
Recently, many universities have implemented programmes in which therapy dogs and their handlers visit college campuses. Despite the immense popularity of therapy dog sessions, few randomized studies have empirically tested the efficacy of such programmes. The present study evaluates the efficacy of such a therapy dog programme in improving the well-being of university students. This research incorporates two components: (a) a pre/post within-subjects design, in which 246 participants completed a brief questionnaire immediately before and after a therapy dog session and (b) an experimental design with a delayed-treatment control group, in which all participants completed baseline measures and follow-up measures approximately 10 hr later...
March 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Nick Jeffery, C Elizabeth Boudreau, Megan Konarik, Travis Mays, Virginia Fajt
Background: Glyburide (also known as glibenclamide) is effective in reducing the severity of tissue destruction and improving functional outcome after experimental spinal cord injury in rodents and so has promise as a therapy in humans. There are many important differences between spinal cord injury in experimental animals and in human clinical cases, making it difficult to introduce new therapies into clinical practice. Spinal cord injury is also common in pet dogs and requires new effective therapies, meaning that they can act as a translational model for the human condition while also deriving direct benefits from such research...
2018: PeerJ
Hans Klingemann
A number of excellent reviews on the potential of canine cancer immunotherapy are available, but many extrapolate from observations in humans when in fact only very few immunotherapies have been developed for canines that have shown efficacy in well-designed studies. Pharmaceutical and biotech companies are aware that the market for more expensive immunotherapies in canines is limited resulting in limited funding for clinical trials. However, dogs and other pets deserve access to this new form of cancer therapy...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Sanny K Chan, Donald Y M Leung
Allergies to dogs and cats affect 10%-20% of the population worldwide and is a growing public health concern as these rates increase. Given the prevalence of detectable dog and cat allergens even in households without pets, there is a critical need to accurately diagnose and treat patients to reduce morbidity and mortality from exposure. The ability to diagnose cat sensitization is good, in contrast to dogs. Component resolved diagnostics of sensitization to individual allergenic proteins will dramatically improve diagnosis...
March 2018: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Daniel L Gustafson, Dawn L Duval, Daniel P Regan, Douglas H Thamm
Pet dogs are becoming increasingly recognized as a population with the potential to inform medical research through their treatment for a variety of maladies by veterinary health professionals. This is the basis of the One Health initiative, supporting the idea of collaboration between human and animal health researchers and clinicians to study spontaneous disease processes and treatment in animals to inform human health. Cancer is a major health burden in pet dogs, accounting for approximately 30% of deaths across breeds...
January 26, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Bernard Séguin
Soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) remain a therapeutic challenge for pediatric and adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients. Still today, surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy remain the mainstay of treatment. Obstacles in developing new treatment approaches to improve the outcome are: few patients to enroll in clinical trials, and the diversity of tumor biology between histologic subtypes. Pet dogs may offer an additional strategy to discover and test new therapeutic avenues. The number of dogs diagnosed with a STS each year in the United States is estimated to be around 27,000 to 95,000...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
Yu-Jie Wang, Lin Li, Wei-Juan Song, Yan-Jun Zhou, Meng-Da Cao, Xiang-Rong Zuo, Ji-Fu Wei
Dog allergy is common worldwide. However, the allergenicity of dog allergy is still unclear in China as well as in special group, such as children. In this study, we chose Can f 6, a major dog allergen which belongs to the lipocalin to study its allergenicity in Chinese dog allergic children. Can f 6 gene was subcloned into pET-28a vector and transformed into E. coli BL21 (DE3) cells for expression. The recombinant Can f 6 was purified by nickel affinity chromatography, identified by SDS-PAGE, and tested for its allergenicity by Western blot with sera and basophil activation test...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
Maria C Rotolo, Silvia Graziano, Manuela Pellegrini, Daniele Corlazzoli, Lucia Antinori, Laura Porcarelli, Simona Pichini
BACKGROUND: To date, an increasing number of pet owners, especially in the USA, are using cannabis-derived products containing generally delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) to help their animals' health. Unfortunately, studies on the clinical use of cannabinoids in veterinary medicine are still limited, and the application of analytical methodologies for the determination of cannabinoids in animal (especially dog) biological matrices such as plasma, is still missing...
2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Shruthi Naik, Gina D Galyon, Nathan J Jenks, Michael B Steele, Amber C Miller, Sara D Allstadt, Lukkana Suksanpaisan, Kah Whye Peng, Mark J Federspiel, Stephen J Russell, Amy K LeBlanc
Clinical translation of intravenous therapies to treat disseminated or metastatic cancer is imperative. Comparative oncology, the evaluation of novel cancer therapies in animals with spontaneous cancer, can be utilized to inform and accelerate clinical translation. Preclinical murine studies demonstrate that single-shot systemic therapy with a vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-IFNβ-NIS, a novel recombinant oncolytic VSV, can induce curative remission in tumor-bearing mice. Clinical translation of VSV-IFNβ-NIS therapy is dependent on comprehensive assessment of clinical toxicities, virus shedding, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy in clinically relevant models...
January 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Melissa J Beall, Andrea Arguello-Marin, Jan Drexel, Jiayou Liu, Ramaswamy Chandrashekar, A Rick Alleman
BACKGROUND: Antigen testing is routinely used to diagnose canine Dirofilaria immitis infections. Immune complex dissociation (ICD) methods, which were employed in the original heartworm antigen tests to release antigen that was bound by endogenous canine antibodies, were discontinued with improvements in assay reagents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate different ICD methods for detection of heartworm antigen by microtiter plate ELISA and assess the performance in samples from pet dogs...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Abigail L Muldoon, Lisa M Kuhns, Julie Supple, Kristen C Jacobson, Robert Garofalo
BACKGROUND: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) are approximately twice as likely to be depressed compared with HIV-negative individuals. Depression is consistently associated with low antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, an important step within the HIV care continuum related to HIV disease progression and overall health. One factor that may have positive psychosocial benefits and promote ART adherence is dog ownership. Research indicates that dog ownership is associated with lower depression, and initial evidence suggests its positive impact on psychosocial outcomes for PLHIV...
November 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
Avadhut D Joshi, Rachel C Botham, Lisa J Schlein, Howard S Roth, Antonella Mangraviti, Alexandra Borodovsky, Betty Tyler, Steve Joslyn, Jayme S Looper, Michael Podell, Timothy M Fan, Paul J Hergenrother, Gregory J Riggins
Purpose: Glioblastoma is a deadly brain cancer with a median survival time of ∼15 months. Ionizing radiation plus the DNA alkylator temozolomide (TMZ) is the current standard therapy. PAC-1, a procaspase-3 activating small molecule, is blood-brain barrier penetrant and has previously demonstrated ability to synergize with diverse pro-apoptotic chemotherapeutics. We studied if PAC-1 could enhance the activity of TMZ, and whether addition of PAC-1 to standard treatment would be feasible in spontaneous canine malignant gliomas...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
Michael K Rust
The cat flea Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché) is the most important ectoparasite of domestic cats and dogs worldwide. It has been two decades since the last comprehensive review concerning the biology and ecology of C. f. felis and its management. Since then there have been major advances in our understanding of the diseases associated with C. f. felis and their implications for humans and their pets. Two rickettsial diseases, flea-borne spotted fever and murine typhus, have been identified in domestic animal populations and cat fleas...
October 27, 2017: Insects
Panditharathnalage Nishantha Kumara Wijesekara, Wikum Widuranga Kumbukgolla, Jayaweera Arachchige Asela Sampath Jayaweera, Diwan Rawat
Vancomycin is one of the "last-line" classes of antibiotics used in the treatment of life-threatening infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria. Even though vancomycin was discovered in the 1950s, it was widely used after the 1980s for the treatment of infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococci, as the prevalence of these strains were increased. However, it is currently evident that vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococci have developed for various reasons, including the use of avaparcin-an analog of vancomycin-as a feed additive in livestock...
January 26, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
Maribel G Vallespi, Juan C Rodriguez, Lilibet Calaña Seoane, Patricia Alvarez, Hector Santana, Hilda Garay, Ibrahim Acosta Cabrera, Joan Torres Espinosa, Osvaldo Reyes
The absence of an effective therapy against human solid tumors has fostered the development of promising antineoplastic therapeutic candidates, as the CIGB-552 peptide. This synthetic peptide has shown to be effective in reducing tumor size and increasing the lifespan in tumor-bearing mice. Therefore, this work was aimed to explore the safety profile and preliminary assessment of antitumor activity of the CIGB-552 peptide therapeutic candidate in a small population of dogs (n=9) having malignant spontaneously-arising solid tumors...
September 29, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
Emily Wood, Sally Ohlsen, Jennifer Thompson, Joe Hulin, Louise Knowles
BACKGROUND: Pet therapy is becoming increasingly popular and is used in a variety of ways from encouraging communication in older adults to improving wellbeing in those with serious mental illness. Increasingly Universities have been offering pet therapy to students in an effort to reduce stress. However, little evidence currently exists to support the effectiveness of reducing measurable stress levels after a standalone drop-in unstructured session. The University of Sheffield's Counselling Service works in partnership with Guide Dogs for the Blind to give students access to calm, well-trained animals for informal group stress relief...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Christopher A Adin, Chen Gilor
The dog model has served as the primary method for early development of many diabetes therapies, including pancreatic islet transplantation techniques and immunosuppressive protocols. Recent trends towards the use of monoclonal antibody therapies for immunosuppression in human islet transplantation have led to the increasing use of primate models with induced diabetes. In addition to induced-disease models in large animals, scientists in many fields are considering the use of naturally-occurring disease models in client-owned pets...
September 2017: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Megan Grobman, Leah Cohn, Stephanie Knapp, Jeffrey N Bryan, Carol Reinero
Fever of unknown origin (FUO) is a persistent or recurrent fever for which the underlying source has not been identified despite diagnostic investigation. In people, 18 F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18 F-FDG-PET) alone or in combination with computed tomography (CT) is often beneficial in detecting the source of fever when other diagnostics have failed. Veterinary reports describing use of these modalities in animals with fever of unknown origin are currently lacking. Aims of this retrospective case series were to describe 18 F-FDG-PET or 18 F-FDG-PET/CT findings in a group of dogs with fever of unknown origin...
September 18, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Jan Wipler, Zuzana Čermáková, Tomáš Hanzálek, Hana Horáková, Helena Žemličková
INTRODUCTION: The microbiological aspect of a relationship between pets (dogs/cats) and their owners is mainly concerned with the incidence of shared bacterial species, in particular potential pathogens. Given the great popularity of sharing homes with pets (dogs/cats) in the Czech Republic, there is an increased possibility of communication between microbiota of the two macroorganisms (pet and owner). The aim of the study was to determine the biodiversity of shared bacteria and possibility of exchange of genes of resistance to antimicrobial agents between potential pathogens based on the close relationship between pets and humans...
June 2017: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
Ronan Ulvé, Mélanie Rault, Mathieu Bahin, Laetitia Lagoutte, Jérôme Abadie, Clotilde De Brito, Jean-Michel Coindre, Nadine Botherel, Audrey Rousseau, Valentin Wucher, Edouard Cadieu, Catherine Thieblemont, Christophe Hitte, Laurence Cornevin, Florian Cabillic, Laura Bachelot, David Gilot, Benoit Hennuy, Thierry Guillaudeux, Arnaud Le Goff, Thomas Derrien, Benoît Hédan, Catherine André
Canine cancers represent a tremendous natural resource due to their incidence and striking similarities to human cancers, sharing similar clinical and pathologic features as well as oncogenic events, including identical somatic mutations. Considering the importance of gene fusions as driver alterations, we explored their relevance in canine cancers. We focused on three distinct human-comparable canine cancers representing different tissues and embryonic origins. Through RNA-Seq, we discovered similar gene fusions as those found in their human counterparts: IGK - CCND3 in B-cell lymphoma, MPB - BRAF in glioma, and COL3A1 - PDGFB in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans-like...
November 1, 2017: Cancer Research
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