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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727018/evaluation-of-electrical-broad-bandwidth-impedance-spectroscopy-as-a-tool-for-body-composition-measurement-in-cows-in-comparison-with-body-measurements-and-the-deuterium-oxide-dilution-method
#1
C T Schäff, U Pliquett, A Tuchscherer, R Pfuhl, S Görs, C C Metges, H M Hammon, C Kröger-Koch
Body fatness and degree of body fat mobilization in cows vary enormously during their reproduction cycle and influence energy partitioning and metabolic adaptation. The objective of the study was to test bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) as a method for predicting fat depot mass (FDM), in living cows. The FDM is defined as the sum of subcutaneous, omental, mesenteric, retroperitoneal, and carcass fat mass. Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy is compared with the prediction of FDM from the deuterium oxide (DO) dilution method and from body conformation measurements...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725319/autologous-stromal-vascular-fraction-in-the-intravenous-treatment-of-end-stage-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-phase-i-trial-of-safety-and-tolerability
#2
Kristin Comella, Jesus A Perez Blas, Tom Ichim, Javier Lopez, Jose Limon, Ruben Corral Moreno
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a consistently progressive, ultimately fatal disease for which no treatment exists capable of either reversing or even interrupting its course. It afflicts more than 5% of the population in many countries, and it accordingly represents the third most frequent cause of death in the US, where it accounts for more than 600 billion in health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. Adipose tissue contains within its stromal compartment a high abundance of adipose stem/stromal cells (ASCs), which can be readily separated from the adipocyte population by methods which require less than 2 h of processing time and yield a concentrated cellular preparation termed the stromal vascular fraction (SVF)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723735/microanatomical-location-of-hyaluronic-acid-gel-following-injection-of-the-upper-lip-vermillion-border-comparison-of-needle-and-microcannula-injection-technique
#3
Alexander D Blandford, Catherine J Hwang, Jason Young, Alexander C Barnes, Thomas P Plesec, Julian D Perry
PURPOSE: To compare needle and microcannula injection techniques in regards to the microanatomical location of hyaluronic acid (HA) gel injected in the upper lip vermillion border of cadaver specimens. METHODS: The upper lip vermillion border was injected transcutaneously with HA gel in 8 fresh hemifaces of 4 female human cadavers. Each hemiface was injected by a single experienced injector, the right side using a 27-gauge microcannula and the left side using a 30-gauge needle...
July 18, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722589/silencing-of-two-vitellogenin-genes-inhibits-oviposition-in-the-chagas-disease-vector-triatoma-infestans-hemiptera-reduviidae
#4
María J Blariza, Carla G Grosso, Beatriz A García
RNA interference caused by exogenous double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is used to downregulate crucial genes to control insects. The reproductive success of all oviparous species depends on vitellogenin (Vg) biosynthesis and its accumulation in the developing oocytes. Adult females of Triatoma infestans were independently injected with two Vg dsRNAs (Vg1 dsRNA or Vg2 dsRNA) or nuclease-free water (control) 24 hours before feeding, and a group of adult females not injected was also analyzed (control). Vg1 and Vg2 messenger RNA silencing was verified by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722095/-correlation-of-mri-apparent-diffusion-coeffcient-with-molecular-marker-ki-67-in-gastric-cancer
#5
Guodian Zheng, Xiangdong Cheng, Lijing Wang, Zhiyuan Xu, Xuning Gao, Pengfei Yu, Hang Lyu, Ting Huang, Jiahui Chen
OBJECTIVES: To study the correlation between MRI apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and expression of Ki-67 in gastric cancers, and to investigate the application of ADC value in diagnosing the malignance of gastric cancer. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on 87 gastric cancer patients who received MRI examination and radical resection at Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from November 2014 to August 2015. All the postoperative resected samples were confirmed as gastric cancer...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719946/cell-assisted-lipotransfer-friend-or-foe-in-fat-grafting-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
J Laloze, A Varin, J Gilhodes, N Bertheuil, J L Grolleau, J Brie, J Usseglio, L Sensebe, T Filleron, B Chaput
BACKGROUND: Autologous fat grafting is a common procedure for soft-tissue reconstruction but is associated with a graft resorption rate ranging from 20% to 80%. To improve the fat graft survival rate, a new technique, called cell-assisted lipotransfer (CAL), was developed. With CAL, fat is injected along with adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) that are assumed to improve fat survival rate. We conducted an evidence-based meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CAL as compared with conventional autologous fat grafting (non-CAL)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719339/modulation-of-oxidative-and-glycolytic-skeletal-muscle-fibers-na-h-exchanger1-nhe1-and-na-hco3-co-transporter1-nbc1-genes-and-proteins-expression-in-type-2-diabetic-rat-streptozotocin-high-fat-diet-following-long-term-endurance-training
#7
A Monazzami, H Rajabi, R Ghrakhanlou, K Yari, Z Rahimi
Diabetes is known to alter both oxidative and glycolytic pathways in a fiber type-dependent manner. The aim of present study was to investigate the effects of endurance training on muscle NHE1 and NBC1 genes and proteins expression in type 2 diabetic rats. Male wistar rats (n=30), 4 weeks old and 95.7±10.8g, were randomly selected and divided into control, diabetic without training and diabetic with training groups. Diabetes was induced by injection of low dose of streptotozin and feeding with high-fat diet...
May 20, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718215/usp18-protects-against-hepatic-steatosis-and-insulin-resistance-via-its-dub-activity
#8
Shimin An, Ling-Ping Zhao, Li-Jun Shen, Siyuan Wang, Kuo Zhang, Yu Qi, Jilin Zheng, Xiao-Jing Zhang, Xue-Yong Zhu, Rong Bao, Ling Yang, Yue-Xin Lu, Zhi-Gang She, Yi-Da Tang
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by hepatic steatosis, impaired insulin sensitivity and chronic low-grade inflammation. However, the pathogenic mechanism of NAFLD is poorly understood, which hinders the exploration of possible treatments. Here, we first report that ubiquitin-specific protease 18 (USP18), a member of the deubiquitinating (DUB) enzyme family, plays regulatory roles in NAFLD progression. The expression of USP18 was down-regulated in the livers of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) patients and high-fat diet (HFD) induced or genetically obese mice...
July 17, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713978/bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cell%C3%A2-derived-extracellular-vesicles-improve-the-survival-of-transplanted-fat-grafts
#9
He Huang, Shaoqing Feng, Wenjie Zhang, Wei Li, Peng Xu, Xiangsheng Wang, Ai Ai
Autologous fat grafting is a promising surgical technique for soft tissue augmentation, reconstruction and rejuvenation. However, it is limited by the low survival rate of the transplanted fat, due to the slow revascularization of such grafts. Previous studies have demonstrated that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell‑derived extracellular vesicles (BMSC‑EVs) are proangiogenic. The present study aimed to investigate whether BMSC‑EVs could improve the survival of transplanted fat grafts. Extracellular vesicles were isolated from the supernatant of cultured rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, and characterized by flow cytometry and scanning electron microscopy...
July 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713948/microrna%C3%A2-126-inhibits-endothelial-permeability-and-apoptosis-in-apolipoprotein-e%C3%A2-knockout-mice-fed-a-high%C3%A2-fat-diet
#10
Xiao-Wen Cheng, Yu-Feng Wan, Qing Zhou, Yuan Wang, Hua-Qing Zhu
Endothelial dysfunction and apoptosis have key roles in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis (AS). AS has been demonstrated to be associated with a high‑fat diet, which may increase endothelial permeability and apoptosis; however, the exact mechanisms underlying the development of AS remain poorly understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are vital for the regulation of cardiovascular disease, and dysregulated miRNAs have been implicated in AS. The present study investigated whether miRNA (miR)‑126 regulates high‑fat diet‑induced endothelial permeability and apoptosis by targeting transforming growth factor β (TGFβ), a secreted protein that controls cellular proliferation and apoptosis...
July 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713911/glucagon-like-peptide-1-analogue-liraglutide-ameliorates-atherogenesis-via-inhibiting-advanced-glycation-end-product-induced-receptor-for-advanced-glycosylation-end-product-expression-in-apolipoprotein-e-deficient-mice
#11
Peicheng Li, Zhaosheng Tang, Lin Wang, Bo Feng
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) can protect arteriosclerotic lesions in apolipoprotein-E deficient (ApoE-/-) mice. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs)/receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) interaction serves a key role in the development of diabetic vascular complications. The present study examined whether the GLP-1 analogue liraglutide can ameliorate atherogenesis via inhibiting AGEs-induced RAGE expression. Male ApoE-/- mice (age, 10 weeks) were divided into control, GLP-1, AGEs and AGEs+GLP-1 group...
July 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713821/comparative-analysis-of-the-cell-fates-of-induced-schwann-cells-from-subcutaneous-fat-tissue-and-na%C3%A3-ve-schwann-cells-in-the-sciatic-nerve-injury-model
#12
Mingzi Zhang, Mei Hua Jiang, Dae-Wook Kim, Woosung Ahn, Eunkyung Chung, Youngsook Son, Guangfan Chi
PURPOSE: The fate and function of the induced Schwann cells (iSCs) like cells from adipose tissue have not been critically evaluated in vivo after transplantation. The objective of this study is to compare the fate of iSCs with naïve SCs (nSCs) after transplantation into the lesion sites of sciatic nerve, respectively. METHODS: Adipose-derived stem cells from eGFP-expressing transgenic rat's subcutaneous fat were induced to iSCs in vitro. iSCs were injected to the sciatic nerve lesion area after crush injury and the cells fate was comparatively analyzed with that of nSCs from the same rat...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710505/application-of-human-acellular-breast-dermal-matrix-abdm-in-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-an-experimental-study
#13
Nahid Nafisi, Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari, Fatemeh Mahjoub, Mohammad Javad Mohseni, Shabnam Sabetkish, Reza Khorramirouz, Mona Tehrani, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
BACKGROUND: The use of acellular dermal matrices (ABDM) has become more common for breast reconstruction to improve postoperative outcomes. We evaluated the efficacy of breast reconstruction by the application of human ABDM in a sheep model. METHODS: The sheep in group I (GI) (N = 4) underwent the following procedures on the right side: (1) breast reconstruction using human ABDM after total mastectomy, (2) human ABDM under the skin, near the breast area and on the left side, (3) fat injection and human ABDM after partial mastectomy, and (4) replacement of ABDM in the abdominal wall far from the breast...
July 14, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707085/is-submucosal-fat-injection-effective-in-atrophic-rhinitis-an-experimental-animal-study
#14
Mehmet Beyhan Balur, Hasan Emre Koçak, Serdar Altınay, Kadir Özdamar, Ümit Taşkın, Mehmet Faruk Oktay
Atrophic rhinitis (AR) is a disease characterized by the extensive dilatation of the nasal cavity and atrophy of the mucosa, submucosa and bone tissue. Its etiological factors are unknown. There is not a satisfying treatment yet and the treatment of the functional impairment in the atrophic cells is still subject to investigation. The objective of this study is to determine at the histopathological level the possible effects of the submucosal fat injection in an experimental model of AR. 12 albino Wistar-Hannover male rats were included in the study...
July 13, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707000/inducing-maternal-inflammation-promotes-leptin-production-in-offspring-but-does-not-improve-allergic-symptoms-in-a-mouse-model-of-allergic-rhinitis
#15
Atsuko Imai, Keiko Satoi, Eka Fujimoto, Kazuto Sato
AIMS: The intrauterine environment is considered to affect immunological development in fetus, leading to an increased risk of developing allergy. In particular, maternal lipopolysaccharides (LPS) administration might regulate the development of allergic disease in offspring. Several studies have shown that being obese relates to a higher prevalence of allergic diseases compared to normal weight. The present study explored the effects of inducing maternal inflammation with LPS before pregnancy on body weight, physical composition including body fat, adipokine production, and pathology of allergic rhinitis in offspring...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702474/targeting-visceral-fat-by-intraperitoneal-delivery-of-novel-aav-serotype-vector-restricting-off-target-transduction-in-liver
#16
Wei Huang, Xianglan Liu, Nicholas J Queen, Lei Cao
It is challenging to genetically manipulate fat in adults. We demonstrate that intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of an engineered adeno-associated virus (AAV) serotype Rec2 leads to high transduction of multiple visceral fat depots at a dose of 1 to 2 orders lower than commonly used doses for systemic gene delivery. To target adipose tissue, we develop a single AAV vector harboring two expression cassettes: one using the CBA promoter to drive transgene expression and one using the liver-specific albumin promoter to drive a microRNA-targeting WPRE sequence that only exists in this AAV vector...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702330/neonatal-glp1r-activation-limits-adult-adiposity-by-durably-altering-hypothalamic-architecture
#17
Andrea V Rozo, Daniella A Babu, PoMan A Suen, David N Groff, Randy J Seeley, Rebecca A Simmons, Patrick Seale, Rexford S Ahima, Doris A Stoffers
OBJECTIVE: Adult obesity risk is influenced by alterations to fetal and neonatal environments. Modifying neonatal gut or neurohormone signaling pathways can have negative metabolic consequences in adulthood. Here we characterize the effect of neonatal activation of glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor (GLP1R) signaling on adult adiposity and metabolism. METHODS: Wild type C57BL/6 mice were injected with 1 nmol/kg Exendin-4 (Ex-4), a GLP1R agonist, for 6 consecutive days after birth...
July 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702187/procedure-applications-and-outcomes-of-autologous-fat-grafting
#18
REVIEW
Francesco Simonacci, Nicolò Bertozzi, Michele Pio Grieco, Eugenio Grignaffini, Edoardo Raposio
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the procedure, applications, and outcomes of autologous fat grafting, a promising technique with various clinical applications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Literature review of publications concerning autologous fat grafting. RESULTS: Since its introduction, lipofilling has become increasingly popular; however, its results are variable and unpredictable. Several modifications have been made to the procedures of fat harvesting, processing, and injecting...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701693/transcription-factor-hlx-controls-a-systematic-switch-from-white-to-brown-fat-through-prdm16-mediated-co-activation
#19
Lei Huang, Dongning Pan, Qingbo Chen, Lihua J Zhu, Jianhong Ou, Martin Wabitsch, Yong-Xu Wang
Browning of subcutaneous white fat (iWAT) involves several reprograming events, but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Here we show that the transcription factor Hlx is selectively expressed in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and iWAT, and is translationally upregulated by β3-adrenergic signaling-mediated suppression of the translational inhibitor 4E-BP1. Hlx interacts with and is co-activated by Prdm16 to control BAT-selective gene expression and mitochondrial biogenesis. Hlx heterozygous knockout mice have defects in brown-like adipocyte formation in iWAT, and develop glucose intolerance and high fat-induced hepatic steatosis...
July 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699484/immune-response-to-native-lipoproteins-induces-visceral-obesity-and-aortic-wall-injury-in-rats-the-role-of-testosterone
#20
Kseniya Fomina, Liubov Beduleva, Igor Menshikov, Marina Marina Anikaeva, Daria Suntsova, Alexandr Sidorov, Elena Stolyarova
OBJECTIVES: The underlying mechanism of atherosclerosis and visceral obesity remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that atherosclerosis and visceral obesity are caused by an immune response to native plasma lipoproteins, and the atherogenic and adipogenic effects of the antibodies to native lipoproteins stem from the androgen deficiency that is created. METHODS: Wistar rats were immunized with native human (nh) low-density (LDL) or high-density lipoproteins (HDL)...
July 11, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
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