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Monica C Chuong, Catherine A Taglieri, Stephen G Kerr
Omeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor used to treat the symptoms of gastro esophageal reflux disease, ulcers, excess stomach acid, infection with Helicobacter pylori, and to control the gastric side effects of various drugs. The approved dosage forms in the U.S. are powder in compounding kits, delayed-release granules for oral suspension, oral delayed-release tablets, and oral delayed-release capsules. An extemporaneously compounded unsweetened oral liquid method, published in the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding, was found to be commonly used by pharmacists...
November 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
Aimee E Vozenilek, Aaron R Navratil, Jonette M Green, David T Coleman, Cassidy M R Blackburn, Alexandra C Finney, Brenna H Pearson, Roman Chrast, Brian N Finck, Ronald L Klein, A Wayne Orr, Matthew D Woolard
OBJECTIVE: Macrophage proinflammatory responses induced by modified low-density lipoproteins (modLDL) contribute to atherosclerotic progression. How modLDL causes macrophages to become proinflammatory is still enigmatic. Macrophage foam cell formation induced by modLDL requires glycerolipid synthesis. Lipin-1, a key enzyme in the glycerolipid synthesis pathway, contributes to modLDL-elicited macrophage proinflammatory responses in vitro. The objective of this study was to determine whether macrophage-associated lipin-1 contributes to atherogenesis and to assess its role in modLDL-mediated signaling in macrophages...
December 7, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Guozhong Yang, Meilin He, Suohui Zhang, Man Wu, Yunhua Gao
Swellable microneedles (SMNs) are made of hydrogels and can deliver drug with controlled delivery rate by the cross-link density of the hydrogel. In this study, an acryl resin-based SMNs was developed for poorly water-soluble drugs. The making process of the SMNs is very simple and only need 60 min. The SMNs has high mechanical strength and is not easily broken. In-vitro release of SMNs-loaded model drug, granisetron base (GRB), was investigated. The results showed that 7 days controlled release of GRB was obtained when SMNs contained pore-foaming agents (1...
December 8, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Seemun Ray, Ulrich Thormann, Marlen Eichelroth, Matthäus Budak, Christoph Biehl, Markus Rupp, Ursula Sommer, Thaqif El Khassawna, Francisca I Alagboso, Marian Kampschulte, Marcus Rohnke, Anja Henß, Klaus Peppler, Vanessa Linke, Peter Quadbeck, Axel Voigt, Florian Stenger, Daniel Karl, Reinhard Schnettler, Christian Heiss, Katrin S Lips, Volker Alt
The purpose of this work was to investigate new bone formation in macroporous iron foams coated with strontium (FeSr) or bisphosphonate (FeBiP) compared to plain iron foam (Fe) and empty defect in a critical size metaphyseal bone defect model in ovariectomized rats. 60 female rats were subjected to bilateral ovariectomy and multi-deficient diet for 3 months. A 4 mm wedge shaped metaphyseal osteotomy was created, fixed with a mini-plate and subsequently filled with Fe, FeSr, FeBiP or left empty. After 6 weeks, μCt analysis revealed a statistically significant increased bone formation at the implant interface in FeSr compared to FeBiP (p = 0...
December 1, 2017: Biomaterials
Xiaoli Wei, Man Ying, Diana Dehaini, Yuanyuan Su, Ashley V Kroll, Jiarong Zhou, Weiwei Gao, Ronnie H Fang, Shu Chien, Liangfang Zhang
Cardiovascular disease represents one of the major causes of death across the global population. Atherosclerosis, one of its most common drivers, is characterized by the gradual build-up of arterial plaque over time, which can ultimately lead to life-threatening conditions. Given the impact of the disease on public health, there is a great need for effective and noninvasive imaging modalities that can provide valuable information on its biological underpinnings during development. Here, we leverage the role of platelets in atherogenesis to design nanocarriers capable of targeting multiple biological elements relevant to plaque development...
December 7, 2017: ACS Nano
Imko Walczuk, Frank Eertmans, Bart Rossel, Agnieszka Cegielska, Eggert Stockfleth, Andre Antunes, Els Adriaens
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous warts are common skin lesions, caused by human papillomavirus. For years, liquid nitrogen is the cryogen of choice for wart treatment. Alternatively, several cryogenic devices for home treatment are commercially available. The present trial assessed efficacy and safety of a novel nitrous oxide-based cryogenic device for home use (EndWarts Freeze® in Europe, Compound W® Nitro-Freeze in the USA). METHODS: This investigator-blinded, controlled, randomized study compared the nitrous oxide device (test product) with a dimethylether propane-based product (Wartner®; comparator 1)...
December 6, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
Stephanie M Kirby, Shelley L Anna, Lynn M Walker
Mixed nanoparticle-surfactant systems are effective foam stabilizing agents, but the lack of colloidal stability of the bulk dispersions makes interfacial characterization challenging. This study investigates the adsorption of CnTAB/SiO2 complexes at air/water interfaces through surface tension and interfacial rheology measurements. The effects of surfactant tail length, ionic strength, and interfacial processing on the surface properties are measured utilizing a bulk reservoir exchange methodology to avoid bulk destabilization...
December 7, 2017: Soft Matter
Xin Li, Yue Zhou, Xue Zhang, Xiaoxue Cao, Chongming Wu, Peng Guo
Autophagy in macrophages plays a key role in the pathogenesis and progression of atherosclerosis and has become a potential therapeutic target. Here we show that cordycepin (Cpn), a natural derivative of adenosine, markedly reduced atherosclerotic plaque and ameliorated associated symptoms such as dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia and inflammation in ApoE-/- mice. Supplementation of Cpn dose-dependently inhibited oxLDL-elicited foam cell formation and modulated intracellular cholesterol homeostasis by inhibiting cholesterol uptake and promoting cholesterol efflux in RAW264...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
Wei Hua, Huanyan Liu, Jian-Gan Wang, Bingqing Wei
Earth-abundant and low-cost catalysts with excellent electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) activity in alkaline solution play an important role in the sustainable production of hydrogen energy. In this work, a catalyst of Ni(P, O)x·MoOx nanowire array on nickel foam has been prepared via a facile route for efficient alkaline HER. Benefiting from the collaborative advantages of Ni(P, O)x and amorphous MoOx, as well as three-dimensional porous conductive nickel scaffold, the hybrid electrocatalyst shows high catalytic activity in 1 M KOH aqueous solution, including a small overpotential of 59 mV at 10 mA cm-2, a low Tafel slope of 54 mV dec-1, and excellent cycling stability...
December 6, 2017: Nanomaterials
Lin Yang, Lisi Xie, Xiang Ren, Ziqiang Wang, Zhiang Liu, Gu Du, Abdullah M Asiri, Yadong Yao, Xuping Sun
It is highly attractive to design and develop earth-abundant electrocatalysts toward high-efficiency water oxidation electrocatalysis in alkaline media. In this communication, we report the in situ hydrothermal sulfidization preparation of a hierarchical CuCo2S4 nanoarray on copper foam (CuCo2S4/CF) from its CuCo2-hydroxide nanowire array precursor. When used as a 3D catalyst electrode for water oxidation, the as-prepared CuCo2S4/CF is superior in catalytic activity, demanding overpotentials of only 259 and 295 mV to achieve 60 and 100 mA cm-2 in 1...
December 6, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Chen Ye, Hong Chi
Many drugs and proteins formulated for treatment of various diseases are not fully utilised due to environmentally problems such as degradation by enzymes or it being hydrophobic. To counter this problem, the drug and protein of interest are encapsulated by synthetic polymers where they are protected from the environment. This allows the molecule to reach its target safely and maximise its function. In this paper, we will discuss about the different techniques of encapsulation that includes emulsion evaporation, self-emulsifying drug delivery system and supercritical fluid...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Jia-Ying Liu, Yang Li, Yang Hu, Gang Cheng, Enyi Ye, Chuanan Shen, Fu-Jian Xu
Effective hemostatic materials are very important for treating trauma cases. Natural polysaccharides have been particularly appealing in the development of new hemostatic materials due to their unique functions in human bodies. In this work, different polysaccharide-based hemostatic porous sponges (SHDP or SHDQ) of cross-linked hyaluronic acid (HA)/cationized dextran were readily prepared by the self-foaming process of HA and poly((2-dimethyl amino)-ethyl methacrylate)-grafted dextran (Dex-PDM) or partially-quaternized Dex-PDM in the presence of sodium trimetaphosphate crosslinkers...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Bo Pang, Huan Liu, Peiwen Liu, Xinwen Peng, Kai Zhang
HYPOTHESIS: Hydrophobic particles with static water contact angles larger than 90° are more like to stabilize W/O Pickering emulsions. In particular, high internal phase Pickering emulsions (HIPEs) are of great interest for diverse applications. However, W/O HIPEs have rarely been realized using sustainable biopolymers. Herein, we used stearoylated microcrystalline cellulose (SMCC) to stabilize W/O Pickering emulsions and especially, W/O HIPEs. Moreover, these W/O HIPEs can be further used as platforms for the preparation of porous materials, such as porous foams...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Soumyajyoti Chatterjee, Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan, Guruswamy Kumaraswamy
Polymeric foams used in furniture and seating applications for automotives and aircraft rely on incorporation of environmentally hazardous fire retardant additives to meet fire safety norms. This has occasioned significant interest in novel approaches to the elimination of fire retardant additives. Foams based on polymer nanocomposites or based on fire retardant coatings show compromised mechanical performance and require additional processing steps. Here, we demonstrate a one-step preparation of a fire retardant ice-templated inorganic/polymer hybrid that does not incorporate fire retardant additives...
December 5, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Matthias Driess, Carsten Walter, Prashanth W Menezes, Martin Lerch, Steven Orthmann, Bernard Kaiser, Jona Schuch, Paula Connor
The first scalable synthesis of phase-pure crystalline and air-stable manganese nitride (Mn3N2) from a molecular precursor is reported; it acts as a superiorly active and durable electrocatalyst in the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) from water under alkaline conditions. While electrophoretically deposited Mn3N2 on fluorine tin oxide (FTO) requires an overpotential of 390 mV, the latter is substantially decreased to merely 270 mV on nickel foam at a current density of 10 mAcm-2 with a durability of weeks. The high performance of this material is due to the rapid transformation of manganese sites at the surface of Mn3N2 into an amorphous active MnOx overlayer under operation conditions intimately connected with metallic Mn3N2 which increases the charge transfer from the active catalyst surface to the electrode substrates and thus outperforms the electrocatalytic activity in comparison to solely MnOx-based OER catalysts...
December 4, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Linnea Gustafsson, Ronnie Jansson, My Hedhammar, Wouter van der Wijngaart
Spider silk has recently become a material of high interest for a large number of biomedical applications. Previous work on structuring of silk has resulted in particles (0D), fibers (1D), films (2D), and foams, gels, capsules, or microspheres (3D). However, the manufacturing process of these structures is complex and involves posttreatment of chemicals unsuitable for biological applications. In this work, the self-assembly of recombinant spider silk on micropatterned superhydrophobic surfaces is studied. For the first time, structuring of recombinant spider silk is achieved using superhydrophobic surfaces under conditions that retain the bioactivity of the functionalized silk...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Materials
Lijun Wang, Chun Zhang, Wei Gong, Yubi Ji, Shuhao Qin, Li He
3D cross-linking networks are generated through chemical reactions between thermosetting epoxy resin and hardener during curing. The curing degree of epoxy material can be increased by increasing curing temperature and/or time. The epoxy material must then be fully cured through a postcuring process to optimize its material characteristics. Here, a limited-foaming method is introduced for the preparation of microcellular epoxy foams (Lim-foams) with improved cell morphology, high thermal expansion coefficient, and good compressive properties...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Materials
Stefani Cortés-Camargo, Raquel Gallardo-Rivera, Blanca E Barragán-Huerta, Octavio Dublán-García, Angélica Román-Guerrero, César Pérez-Alonso
In this work the physicochemical and functional properties of mesquite gum (MG) and nopal mucilage (NM) mixtures (75-25, 50-50, 25-75) were evaluated and compared with those of the individual biopolymers. MG-NM mixtures exhibited more negative zeta potential (ZP) values than those displayed by MG and NM, with 75-25 MG-NM showing the most negative value (-14.92 mV at pH = 7.0), indicative that this biopolymer mixture had the highest electrostatic stability in aqueous dispersions. Viscosity curves and strain amplitude sweep of aqueous dispersions (30% w/w) of the individual gums and their mixtures revealed that all exhibited shear thinning behavior, with NM having higher viscosity than MG, and all displaying fluid-like viscoelastic behavior where the loss modulus predominated over the storage modulus (G″>G')...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Food Science
Sarah Hensley, Mackenzie Christensen, Scott Small, Derek Archer, Emily Lakes, Renee Rogge
PURPOSE: Previous biomechanical studies have estimated the strains of bone and bone substitutes using strain gages. However, applying strain gages to biological samples can be difficult, and data collection is limited to a small area under the strain gage. The purpose of this study was to compare digital image correlation (DIC) strain measurements to those obtained from strain gages in order to assess the applicability of DIC technology to common biomechanical testing scenarios. METHODS: Compression and bending tests were conducted on aluminum alloy, polyurethane foam, and laminated polyurethane foam specimens...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Danny Vogel, Andreas Rathay, Stephanie Teufel, Martin Ellenrieder, Carmen Zietz, Manuela Sander, Rainer Bader
PURPOSE: In THA a sufficient primary implant stability is the precondition for successful secondary stability. Industrial foams of different densities have been used for primary stability investigations. The aim of this study was to analyse and compare the insertion behaviour of threaded and press-fit cups in vivo and ex vivo using bone substitutes with various densities. METHODS: Two threaded (Bicon Plus®, Trident® TC) and one press-fit cup (Trident PSL®) were inserted by orthopaedic surgeons (S1, S2) into 10, 20 and 31 pcf blocks, using modified surgical instruments allowing measurements of the insertion forces and torques...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
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