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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636098/repeated-procedures-at-the-generator-pocket-are-a-determinant-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-infection
#1
Eduardo Arana-Rueda, Alonso Pedrote, Manuel Frutos-López, Juan Acosta, Beatriz Jauregui, Lorena García-Riesco, Álvaro Arce-León, Federico Gómez-Pulido, Juan A Sánchez-Brotons, Encarnación Gutiérrez-Carretero, Arístides de Alarcón-González
BACKGROUND: Rates of cardiac-device infections have increased in recent years, but the current incidence and risk factors for infection in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are not well known. HYPOTHESIS: The increasing number of ICD infections is related to accumulated pocket manipulations over time. METHODS: This single-center, prospective study included patients that underwent ICD implantation from 2008 to 2015...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633702/impact-of-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-on-the-evaluation-of-long-term-effectiveness-of-infant-mva85a-vaccination
#2
E W Bunyasi, A K K Luabeya, M Tameris, H Geldenhuys, H Mulenga, B S Landry, T J Scriba, B-M Schmidt, W A Hanekom, H Mahomed, H McShane, M Hatherill
SETTING: South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term effectiveness of infant modified vaccinia Ankara virus-expressing antigen 85A (MVA85A) vaccination against tuberculosis (TB). DESIGN: We analysed data from a double-blind randomised placebo-controlled Phase 2b MVA85A infant TB vaccine trial (2009-2012), with extended post-trial follow-up (2012-2014). Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) was provided by public health services according to national guidelines...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633570/enantioselective-light-switch-effect-of-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-ru-phenanthroline-2-dipyrido-3-2-a-2-3-c-phenazine-2-bound-to-g-quadruplex-dna
#3
Jin Ha Park, Hyun Suk Lee, Myung Duk Jang, Sung Wook Han, Seog K Kim, Young-Ae Lee
The interaction of Δ- and Λ-[Ru(phen)2DPPZ](2+) (DPPZ = dipyrido[3,2-a:2', 3'-c]phenazine, phen = phenanthroline) with a G-quadruplex formed from 5'-G2T2G2TGTG2T2G2-3'(15-mer) was investigated. The well-known enhancement of luminescence intensity (the 'light-switch' effect) was observed for the [Ru(phen)2DPPZ](2+) complexes upon formation of an adduct with the G-quadruplex. The emission intensity of the G-quadruplex-bound Λ-isomer was 3-fold larger than that of the Δ-isomer when bound to the G-quadruplex, which is opposite of the result observed in the case of double stranded DNA (dsDNA); the light switch effect is larger for the dsDNA-bound Δ-isomer...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633526/reduced-graphene-oxide-poly-acrylic-acid-aerogels-as-a-three-dimensional-replacement-for-metal-foil-current-collectors-in-lithium-ion-batteries
#4
Han Xiao, Joshua P Pender, Mackenzie Meece-Rayle, J Pedro de Souza, Kyle C Klavetter, Heonjoo Ha, Jie Lin, Adam Heller, Christopher J Ellison, Charles Buddie Mullins
We report the synthesis and properties of a low-density (~5 mg/cm3) and highly-porous (99.6% void space) three-dimensional reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) nanocomposite aerogel as the scaffold for cathode materials in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The rGO-PAA is both simple and starts from readily-available graphite and PAA thereby providing a scalable fabrication procedure. The scaffold can support as much as a 75 mg/cm2 loading of LiFePO4 (LFP) in a ~ 430 µm thick layer, and the porosity of the aerogel is tunable by compression; the flexible aerogel can be compressed 30-fold (i...
June 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631902/-comparative-estimation-of-antilithogenic-activity-of-porcine-kidney-derived-biomedical-substance-and-sodium-citrate-in-experimental-urolithiasis
#5
G V Pavlyashik, A Yu Zharikov, V I Kiselev
AIM: to compare the anti-lithogenic activity of biomedical substance derived from freeze-dried porcine kidney and sodium citrate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experiments were conducted on Wistar rats divided into three groups of 15 animals each: control group (disease control), comparison group (sodium citrate treatment) and experimental group (treatment with biomedical substance from porcine kidneys). Experimental urolithiasis was modeled using the ethylene glycol model...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627616/distinct-cellular-phenotype-linked-to-defective-dna-interstrand-crosslink-repair-and-homologous-recombination
#6
Aleksandra M Gorniewska, Katarzyna Kluzek, Lidia Gackowska, Izabela Kubiszewska, Malgorzata Z Zdzienicka, Aneta Bialkowska
Repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) predominantly involves the Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway and homologous recombination (HR). The HR repair system eliminates DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) that emerge during ICLs removal. The current study presents a novel cell line, CL‑V8B, representing a new complementation group of Chinese hamster cell mutants hypersensitive to DNA crosslinking factors. CL‑V8B exhibits increased sensitivity to various DNA‑damaging agents, including compounds leading to DSBs formation (bleomycin and 6‑thioguanine), and is extremely sensitive to poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor (>400‑fold), which is typical for HR‑defective cells...
June 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625990/bioavailability-of-carbohydrate-content-in-natural-and-transgenic-switchgrasses-for-the-extreme-thermophile-caldicellulosiruptor-bescii
#7
Jeffrey V Zurawski, Piyum A Khatibi, Hannah O Akinosho, Christopher T Straub, Scott H Compton, Jonathan M Conway, Laura L Lee, Arthur J Ragauskas, Brian H Davison, Michael W W Adams, Robert M Kelly
Improving access to the carbohydrate content of lignocellulose is key to reducing recalcitrance for microbial deconstruction and conversion to fuels and chemicals. Caldicellulosiruptor bescii completely solubilizes naked microcrystalline cellulose, yet this transformation is impeded within the context of the plant cell wall by a network of lignin and hemicellulose. Here, the bioavailability of carbohydrates to C. bescii at 70°C was examined for reduced lignin transgenic switchgrass lines COMT3(+) and MYB Trans, their corresponding parental lines (cultivar Alamo) COMT3(-) and MYB WT, and natural variant cultivar Cave-in-Rock (CR)...
June 16, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623092/ctip-ctp1-sae2-molecular-form-fit-for-function
#8
REVIEW
Sara N Andres, R Scott Williams
Vertebrate CtIP, and its fission yeast (Ctp1), budding yeast (Sae2) and plant (Com1) orthologs have emerged as key regulatory molecules in cellular responses to DNA double strand breaks (DSBs). By modulating the nucleolytic 5'-3' resection activity of the Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 (MRN) DSB repair processing and signaling complex, CtIP/Ctp1/Sae2/Com1 is integral to the channeling of DNA double strand breaks through DSB repair by homologous recombination (HR). Nearly two decades since its discovery, emerging new data are defining the molecular underpinnings for CtIP DSB repair regulatory activities...
June 9, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619736/effects-of-hypercapnia-on-myocardial-blood-flow-in-healthy-human-subjects
#9
Matthieu Pelletier-Galarneau, Robert A deKemp, Chad Rrn Hunter, Ran Klein, Michael Klein, Joel Ironstone, Joseph A Fisher, Terrence Ruddy
Background: Elevation of end-tidal partial pressure of CO2 (PETCO2) increases cerebral and myocardial blood flow (MBF), suggesting that it may be a suitable alternative to pharmacological stress or exercise for myocardial perfusion imaging. The purpose of this study was to document the pharmacodynamics of CO2 on MBF using prospective end-tidal targeting to precisely control arterial PCO2 and use positron emission tomography (PET) to measure the outcome variable, MBF Methods: 10 healthy males underwent serial (82)Rb PET/CT imaging...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618466/compressive-response-and-helix-formation-of-a-semiflexible-polymer-confined-in-a-nanochannel
#10
Yumino Hayase, Takahiro Sakaue, Hiizu Nakanishi
Configurations of a single semiflexible polymer is studied when it is pushed into a nanochannel in the case where the polymer persistence length l_{p} is much longer than the channel diameter D:l_{p}/D≫1. Using numerical simulations, we show that the polymer undergoes a sequence of recurring structural transitions upon longitudinal compression: random deflection along the channel, a helix going around the channel wall, double-fold random deflection, double-fold helix, etc. We find that the helix transition can be understood as buckling of deflection segments, and the initial helix formation takes place at very small compression with no appreciable weak compression regime of the random deflection polymer...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614699/a-signal-amplification-probe-enhances-sensitivity-of-antibodies-and-aptamers-based-immuno-diagnostic-assays
#11
Ofer Nussbaum, Michal Bar Oz, Tal Tilayov, Helly Atiya, Shlomo Dagan
One major unmet need is improving the sensitivity of immune-diagnostic assays. This is particularly important in the field of biomarker discoveries and monitoring. We have established a novel signal amplification probe system enabling a highly sensitive target detection platform to be used in immuno-assays. The probe consists of a double stranded DNA that can carry a large number of signaling elements such as biotin or fluorescent molecules. The DNA probe anchors to the recognition unit, whether an antibody or an aptamer, by covalent conjugation or by a simple and rapid molecular association process...
June 11, 2017: Journal of Immunological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612706/autophagy-and-its-link-to-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Jai-Sing Yang, Chi-Cheng Lu, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Yuan-Man Hsu, Shih-Chang Tsai, Shih-Yin Chen, Yng-Tay Chen, Ying-Ju Lin, Yu-Chuen Huang, Chao-Jung Chen, Wei-De Lin, Wen-Lin Liao, Wei-Yong Lin, Yu-Huei Liu, Jinn-Chyuan Sheu, Fuu-Jen Tsai
Autophagy, a double-edged sword for cell survival, is the research object on 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Autophagy is a molecular mechanism for maintaining cellular physiology and promoting survival. Defects in autophagy lead to the etiology of many diseases, including diabetes mellitus (DM), cancer, neurodegeneration, infection disease and aging. DM is a metabolic and chronic disorder and has a higher prevalence in the world as well as in Taiwan. The character of diabetes mellitus is hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both...
June 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612064/e2f-site-in-the-essential-promoter-region-does-not-confer-s-phase-specific-transcription-of-the-abcc10-gene-in-human-prostate-cancer-cells
#13
Magdalena Dabrowska, Francis M Sirotnak
ABCC10 (MRP7) plays a role in cellular detoxification and resistance to anticancer drugs. Since ABCC10 gene transcription in human prostate cancer CWR22Rv1 cells was found dependent on E2F binding sequence motif, ABCC10 expression in G1 and S phases of the cell cycle of CWR22Rv1 cells, was analyzed. The cells were synchronized in G1 phase by double thymidine block and in S phase by thymidine/mimosine double block. ABCC10 mRNA level was found to be similar in S phase-synchronized and asynchronous cell populations...
June 13, 2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611462/highly-phosphorylated-functionalized-rice-starch-produced-by-transgenic-rice-expressing-the-potato-gwd1-gene
#14
Yaling Chen, Xiao Sun, Xin Zhou, Kim H Hebelstrup, Andreas Blennow, Jinsong Bao
Starch phosphorylation occurs naturally during starch metabolism in the plant and is catalysed by glucan water dikinases (GWD1) and phosphoglucan water dikinase/glucan water dikinase 3 (PWD/GWD3). We generated six stable individual transgenic lines by over-expressing the potato GWD1 in rice. Transgenic rice grain starch had 9-fold higher 6-phospho (6-P) monoesters and double amounts of 3-phospho (3-P) monoesters, respectively, compared to control grain. The shape and topography of the transgenic starch granules were moderately altered including surface pores and less well defined edges...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611452/abrupt-p-n-junction-using-ionic-gating-at-zero-bias-in-bilayer-graphene
#15
Sameer Grover, Anupama Joshi, Ashwin Tulapurkar, Mandar M Deshmukh
Graphene is a promising candidate for optoelectronic applications. In this report, a double gated bilayer graphene FET has been made using a combination of electrostatic and electrolytic gating in order to form an abrupt p-n junction. The presence of two Dirac peaks in the gating curve of the fabricated device confirms the formation of a p-n junction. At low temperatures, when the electrolyte is frozen intentionally, the photovoltage exhibits a six-fold pattern indicative of the hot electron induced photothermoelectric effect that has also been seen in graphene p-n junctions made using metallic gates...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609621/orchestrating-directional-molecular-motions-kinetically-con-trolled-supramolecular-pathways-of-a-helical-host-on-rod-like-guests
#16
Xiang Wang, Barbara Wicher, Yann Ferrand, Ivan Huc
An aromatic oligoamide sequence was designed to fold and self-assemble into a double helical host having a cylindrical cavity complementary to linear oligo-carbamates guests. Formation of helical pseudo-rotaxane complexes - foldaxanes - between the host and guests having binding stations of different affinities was evidenced by NMR and x-ray crystallog-raphy. Rod-like guests possessing two or three binding stations, long alkyl or oligoethylene glycol spacers or bulky barriers in-between the binding stations, and a single bulky stopper at one end, were synthesized...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606086/analysis-and-prediction-of-single-stranded-and-double-stranded-dna-binding-proteins-based-on-protein-sequences
#17
Wei Wang, Lin Sun, Shiguang Zhang, Hongjun Zhang, Jinling Shi, Tianhe Xu, Keliang Li
BACKGROUND: DNA-binding proteins perform important functions in a great number of biological activities. DNA-binding proteins can interact with ssDNA (single-stranded DNA) or dsDNA (double-stranded DNA), and DNA-binding proteins can be categorized as single-stranded DNA-binding proteins (SSBs) and double-stranded DNA-binding proteins (DSBs). The identification of DNA-binding proteins from amino acid sequences can help to annotate protein functions and understand the binding specificity...
June 12, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601891/effect-of-liraglutide-treatment-on-prediabetes-and-overweight-or-obesity-in-clozapine-or-olanzapine-treated-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Julie R Larsen, Louise Vedtofte, Mathilde S L Jakobsen, Hans R Jespersen, Michelle I Jakobsen, Camilla K Svensson, Kamuran Koyuncu, Ole Schjerning, Peter S Oturai, Andreas Kjaer, Jimmi Nielsen, Jens J Holst, Claus T Ekstrøm, Christoph U Correll, Tina Vilsbøll, Anders Fink-Jensen
Importance: Compared with the general population, patients with schizophrenia have a 2- to 3-fold higher mortality rate primarily caused by cardiovascular disease. Previous interventions designed to counteract antipsychotic-induced weight gain and cardiometabolic disturbances reported limited effects. Objectives: To determine the effects of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist liraglutide added to clozapine or olanzapine treatment of schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
June 10, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599181/adsorption-of-cell-penetrating-peptide-tat2-and-polycation-luviquat-fc-370-to-triticale-microspore-exine
#19
Jordan T Pepper, Priti Maheshwari, François Eudes
Microspores are the pre-gametophyte stage of pollen, and have proven to be a successful tissue culture material for the production of doubled haploid plants. Microspore culture has also been used as a platform for the production of transgenic plants. The use of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) as transfection agents in microspores has been previously demonstrated, but at low efficiencies. Here, the pH dependent adsorption of the cationic CPP Tat2 to the sporopollenin surface of the microspore (the exine) has been explored using electrophoretic light scattering (ELS)...
June 3, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598160/a-double-decarboxylation-in-superfolder-green-fluorescent-protein-leads-to-high-contrast-photoactivation
#20
Joshua D Slocum, Lauren J Webb
A photoactivatable variant of superfolder GFP (GFP) was created by replacing the threonine at position 203 with aspartic acid. Photoactivation by exposure of this mutant to UV light resulted in conversion of the fluorophore from the neutral to the negatively charged form, accompanied by a ~95-fold increase in fluorescence under 488 nm excitation. Mass spectrometry before and after exposure to UV light revealed a change in mass of 88 Da, attributed to the double decarboxylation of Glu 222 and Asp 203. Kinetics studies and non-linear power-dependence of the initial rate of photoconversion indicated that the double decarboxylation occurred via a multiphoton absorption process at 254 nm...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
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