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fournier syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416458/on-the-origins-of-sex-based-differences-in-respiratory-disorders-lessons-and-hypotheses-from-stress-neuroendocrinology-in-developing-rats
#1
REVIEW
Jean-Philippe Rousseau, Luana Tenorio-Lopes, Cécile Baldy, Tara Adele Janes, Stéphanie Fournier, Richard Kinkead
The environment plays a critical role in shaping development and function of the brain. Stress, especially when experienced early in life, can interfere with these processes. In the context of respiratory control, perinatal stress can therefore alter the ability to achieve the "fine-tuning" necessary for proper detection of chemosensory stimuli and production of an adequate motor (respiratory) command. Depending on the timing, intensity, and duration, the detrimental consequences of perinatal exposure to adverse conditions on the respiratory network become manifest at various life stages and can persist into adulthood...
April 14, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413388/a-case-report-of-cushing-s-disease-presenting-as-hair-loss
#2
Emily G Lefkowitz, Jack P Cossman, John B Fournier
Cushing's syndrome is a rare endocrine disorder that comprises a large group of signs and symptoms resulting from chronic exposure to excess corticosteroids. Most cases of Cushing's syndrome are due to increased adrenocorticotropic hormone production from a pituitary adenoma, which is referred to as Cushing's disease. Most of the signs and symptoms are nonspecific and common in the general population, making a diagnosis often challenging. However, several dermatological manifestations, such as fragile skin, easy bruising, and reddish purple striae, are more discriminatory...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412928/poplar-stem-transcriptome-is-massively-remodelled-in-response-to-single-or-repeated-mechanical-stimuli
#3
Lise Pomiès, Mélanie Decourteix, Jérôme Franchel, Bruno Moulia, Nathalie Leblanc-Fournier
BACKGROUND: Trees experience mechanical stimuli -like wind- that trigger thigmomorphogenetic syndrome, leading to modifications of plant growth and wood quality. This syndrome affects tree productivity but is also believed to improve tree acclimation to chronic wind. Wind is particularly challenging for trees, because of their stature and perenniality. Climate change forecasts are predicting that the occurrence of high wind will worsen, making it increasingly vital to understand the mechanisms regulating thigmomorphogenesis, especially in perennial plants...
April 17, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321087/myelodysplastic-syndrome-diagnosed-on-the-occasion-of-fournier-s-gangrene
#4
Masaaki Adachi, Kimiyoshi Mitsuhashi, Hiroyuki Matsuda, Junko Watanabe, Katsuya Nakanishi
Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a fulminant infective necrotizing fasciitis, which includes the genital, perineal, and perianal regions. A 77-year-old man had previously been diagnosed as having diabetes mellitus (DM) and was treated with pioglitazone (15 mg) and miglitol (150 mg). He developed sudden perineal discomfort, fever with painful penile, and scrotal edema, subsequently leading to urinary retention. According to physical examination and CT scan results for the swollen penis and scrotum, he was diagnosed with FG...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317816/hemophagocytic-syndrome-secondary-to-tuberculosis-at-24-week-gestation
#5
Alexandra Arteaga Fernández, David Fernández de Velasco Pérez, M C Jiménez Fournier, J C Moreno Del Prado, B Paraíso Torras, M L Cañete Palomo
Hemophagocytic syndrome is a life-threatening disease characterized by the uncontrolled activation of macrophages, resulting in hemophagocytosis of blood cells in the bone marrow. A 20-year-old gravida at 23-week and 5-day gestation was admitted to hospital to evaluate fever up to 104°F of unknown origin, moderate cytopenia, and elevated levels of liver enzymes. Bone marrow biopsy confirmed hemophagocytic syndrome, and polymerase chain reaction came back positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Supportive care and tuberculosis treatment resulted in clinical improvement...
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286190/outcome-of-adults-with-eisenmenger-syndrome-treated-with-drugs-specific-to-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-french-multicentre-study
#6
Sebastien Hascoet, Emmanuelle Fournier, Xavier Jaïs, Lauriane Le Gloan, Claire Dauphin, Ali Houeijeh, Francois Godart, Xavier Iriart, Adelaïde Richard, Jelena Radojevic, Pascal Amedro, Gilles Bosser, Nathalie Souletie, Yvette Bernard, Pamela Moceri, Hélène Bouvaist, Pierre Mauran, Elise Barre, Adeline Basquin, Clement Karsenty, Damien Bonnet, Laurence Iserin, Olivier Sitbon, Jérôme Petit, Elie Fadel, Marc Humbert, Magalie Ladouceur
BACKGROUND: The relationship between pulmonary arterial hypertension-specific drug therapy (PAH-SDT) and mortality in Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is controversial. AIMS: To investigate outcomes in patients with ES, and their relationship with PAH-SDT. METHODS: Retrospective, observational, nationwide, multicentre cohort study. RESULTS: We included 340 patients with ES: genetic syndrome (n=119; 35.3%); pretricuspid defect (n=75; 22...
March 9, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275433/-tidjanibacter-massiliensis-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-human-colon
#7
M Mailhe, D Ricaboni, A Benezech, J-C Lagier, P-E Fournier, D Raoult
We report the summary of main characteristics of Tidjanibacter massiliensis strain Marseille-P3084(T), a new bacterial species isolated from the liquid sample of the colon of a patient with a history of irritable bowel syndrome.
May 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753716/reentry-tachycardia-in-children-adenosine-can-make-it-worse
#8
Maximilian D Hien, Fernando Benito Castro, Philippe Fournier, Anne Filleron, Tu-Anh Tran
OBJECTIVES: We report on a rare but severe complication of adenosine use in a child with reentry tachycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Treatment with adenosine, which is the standard medical therapy of atrioventricular reentry tachycardia, led to the development of an irregular wide complex tachycardia, caused by rapid ventricular response to atrial fibrillation. The girl was finally stabilized with electrical cardioversion. We analyze the pathomechanism and discuss possible treatment options...
October 8, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704006/shewanella-related-bacteremia-and-fournier-s-gangrene-a-case-report
#9
Tommy Hing-Cheung Tang, Naomi Hua-Yin Cheng, Roy Tsz-Chung Ho, Helen Shuk-Ying Chan, Kwok-Wai Lam, Jimenez Xavier, Tak-Chiu Wu
Shewanella algae and Shewanella putrefaciens have been implicated for causing serious infections in humans, including disseminated infection. We report the possible first case of Shewanella-related Fournier's gangrene and bacteremia caused in a 65-year-old Chinese male with nephrotic syndrome. He was successfully managed by surgical debridement and antibiotic therapy.
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568372/mild-head-injury-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children
#10
Veronique Chasle, Laurent Riffaud, Romain Longuet, Marie Martineau-Curt, Yann Collet, Luc Le Fournier, Patrick Pladys
PURPOSE: Post-concussion syndrome is a well-described complication following moderate and severe head trauma but whether it occurs after mild head injury in children remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether exposure to mild head injury with potential additional risk factors (non-surgical lesion on computed tomographic, high kinetic trauma, or Glasgow Coma Scale <15) is associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) after the head trauma. METHODS: This study was performed in an emergency department on children admitted between 2009 and 2013...
December 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500073/sdf1-cxcr4-signaling-a-new-player-involved-in-digeorge-22q11-deletion-syndrome
#11
Jean-Loup Duband, Sophie Escot, Claire Fournier-Thibault
The DiGeorge/22q11-deletion syndrome (22q11DS), also known as velocardiofacial syndrome, is a congenital disease causing numerous structural and behavioral disorders, including cardiac outflow tract anomalies, craniofacial dysmorphogenesis, parathyroid and thymus hypoplasia, and mental disorders. It results from a unique chromosomal microdeletion on the 22q11.2 region in which the transcriptional activator TBX1 is decisive for the occurrence of the disease. During embryogenesis, Tbx1 is required for patterning of pharyngeal region giving rise to structures of the face, neck and chest...
2016: Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486349/no-postoperative-adrenal-insufficiency-in-a-patient-with-unilateral-cortisol-secreting-adenomas-treated-with-mifepristone-before-surgery
#12
Rachel M Saroka, Michael P Kane, Lawrence Robinson, Robert S Busch
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid replacement is commonly required to treat secondary adrenal insufficiency after surgical resection of unilateral cortisol-secreting adrenocortical adenomas. Here, we describe a patient with unilateral cortisol-secreting adenomas in which the preoperative use of mifepristone therapy was associated with recovery of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, eliminating the need for postoperative glucocorticoid replacement. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old Caucasian man with type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and obesity was hospitalized for Fournier's gangrene and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus sepsis...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Endocrinology and Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472550/4h-versus-1h-nap-video-eeg-monitoring-in-an-epileptology-unit
#13
Vi-Huong Nguyen-Michel, Vera Dinkelacker, Ovidio Solano, Pierre-P Levy, Virginie Lambrecq, Claude Adam, Sophie Dupont, Lionel Naccache, Emmanuel Fournier, Michel Baulac, Vincent Navarro
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of 4h-video EEG monitoring (VEEG) and 1h-nap-VEEG in an Epileptology Unit. METHODS: We examined short-term VEEG data from 196 patients admitted to characterize their: (i) clinical events; (ii) epileptic syndromes or (iii) state after status epilepticus or surgery. We compared the 4h-VEEG and 1h-nap-VEEG performances using three measures: (i) the capability to detect epileptic seizures (ES), psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES), interictal epileptiform abnormalities (IEA) and sleep-related IEA; (ii) the usefulness to answer questions on referral; (iii) the sensitivity for the final diagnosis...
September 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358335/transplantation-of-spinal-cord-derived-neural-stem-cells-for-als-analysis-of-phase-1-and-2-trials
#14
Jonathan D Glass, Vicki S Hertzberg, Nicholas M Boulis, Jonathan Riley, Thais Federici, Meraida Polak, Jane Bordeau, Christina Fournier, Karl Johe, Tom Hazel, Merit Cudkowicz, Nazem Atassi, Lawrence F Borges, Seward B Rutkove, Jayna Duell, Parag G Patil, Stephen A Goutman, Eva L Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To test the safety of spinal cord transplantation of human stem cells in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with escalating doses and expansion of the trial to multiple clinical centers. METHODS: This open-label trial included 15 participants at 3 academic centers divided into 5 treatment groups receiving increasing doses of stem cells by increasing numbers of cells/injection and increasing numbers of injections. All participants received bilateral injections into the cervical spinal cord (C3-C5)...
July 26, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316915/french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-r%C3%A3-animation-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270835/cdgap-arhgap31-a-cdc42-rac1-gtpase-regulator-is-critical-for-vascular-development-and-vegf-mediated-angiogenesis
#16
Christine Caron, Jonathan DeGeer, Patrick Fournier, Philippe M Duquette, Vilayphone Luangrath, Hidetaka Ishii, Fereshteh Karimzadeh, Nathalie Lamarche-Vane, Isabelle Royal
Mutations in the CdGAP/ARHGAP31 gene, which encodes a GTPase-activating protein for Rac1 and Cdc42, have been reported causative in the Adams-Oliver developmental syndrome often associated with vascular defects. However, despite its abundant expression in endothelial cells, CdGAP function in the vasculature remains unknown. Here, we show that vascular development is impaired in CdGAP-deficient mouse embryos at E15.5. This is associated with superficial vessel defects and subcutaneous edema, resulting in 44% embryonic/perinatal lethality...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257488/noncontiguous-finished-genome-sequence-and-description-of-nocardioides-massiliensis-sp-nov-gd13-t
#17
G Dubourg, S A Sankar, J Rathored, J-C Lagier, C Robert, C Couderc, L Papazian, D Raoult, P-E Fournier
Nocardioides massiliensis sp. nov strain GD13(T) is the type strain of N. massiliensis sp. nov., a new species within the genus Nocardioides. This strain was isolated from the faeces of a 62-year-old man admitted to intensive care for Guillain-Barré syndrome. Nocardioides massiliensis is a strictly aerobic Gram-positive rod. Herein we describe the features of this bacterium, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. The 4 006 620 bp long genome contains 4132 protein-coding and 47 RNA genes...
March 2016: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222533/stress-activated-mir-21-mir-21-in-hepatocytes-promotes-lipid-and-glucose-metabolic-disorders-associated-with-high-fat-diet-consumption
#18
Nicolas Calo, Pierluigi Ramadori, Cyril Sobolewski, Yannick Romero, Christine Maeder, Margot Fournier, Pia Rantakari, Fu-Ping Zhang, Matti Poutanen, Jean-François Dufour, Bostjan Humar, Serge Nef, Michelangelo Foti
OBJECTIVE: miR-21 is an oncomir highly upregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma and in early stages of liver diseases characterised by the presence of steatosis. Whether upregulation of miR-21 contributes to hepatic metabolic disorders and their progression towards cancer is unknown. This study aims at investigating the role of miR-21/miR-21* in early stages of metabolic liver disorders associated with diet-induced obesity (DIO). DESIGN: Constitutive miR-21/miR-21* knockout (miR21KO) and liver-specific miR-21/miR-21* knockout (LImiR21KO) mice were generated...
November 2016: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27143019/preoperative-optimization-of-total-joint-arthroplasty-surgical-risk-obesity
#19
Matthew N Fournier, Justin Hallock, William M Mihalko
Obesity is a problem that is increasing in prevalence in the United States and in other countries, and it is a common comorbidity in patients seeking total joint arthroplasty for degenerative musculoskeletal diseases. Obesity, as well as commonly associated comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and those contributing to the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, have been shown to have detrimental effects on total joint arthroplasty outcomes. Although there are effective surgical and nonsurgical interventions which can result in weight loss in these patients, concomitant benefit on arthroplasty outcomes is not clear...
August 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137695/-zika-virus-an-emerging-threat
#20
Sara Salinas, Vincent Foulongne, Fabien Loustalot, Chantal Fournier-Wirth, Jean-Pierre Molès, Laurence Briant, Nicolas Nagot, Philippe Van de Perre, Yannick Simonin
Zika virus, discovered in 1947, is particularly publicized because of its involvement in a major epidemic that began in 2015 and which epicenter is located in Latin America, mainly in Brazil. In the majority of cases (70-80 %) the infection is asymptomatic, however in some patients, moderate fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis and myalgia may occur. More alarming, neurological complications are reported, in particular cases of microcephaly probably resulting from the infection of women in the first or second trimester of pregnancy...
April 2016: Médecine Sciences: M/S
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