keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition and diabetes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917226/energy-intake-in-the-first-week-in-an-emergency-intensive-care-unit-may-not-influence-clinical-outcomes-in-critically-ill-overweight-japanese-patients
#1
Satomi Ichimaru, Maren Sono, Ryutaro Seo, Koichi Ariyoshi, Teruyoshi Amagai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition recommends hypocaloric feeding for critically ill patients with a BMI of >=30.0 kg/m2. However, the cut-off value of obesity in Japan is BMI >25.0 kg/m2, due to the higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular risk factors, even at a lower BMI than in Western populations. Thus, the optimal energy intake for critically ill, overweight Asian patients is unknown. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted in patients with BMI of >=25...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#2
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915786/nutrition-in-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-continental-and-mediterranean-regions-of-croatia
#3
Jozica Sikic, Mira Stipcevic, Hrvoje Vrazic, Jasna Cerkez Habek, Eduard Margetic, Dario Gulin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this observational study was to evaluate the effect of Mediterranean and continental nutrition on cardiovascular risk in patients with acute and chronic coronary heart disease in Croatia. METHODS: The study included 1284 patients who were hospitalized in a 28-month period due to acute or chronic ischaemic heart disease in hospitals across Croatia. An individual questionnaire was prepared which enabled recording of various cardiovascular risk factors...
September 16, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914448/significant-burden-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-advanced-fibrosis-in-the-us-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-2011-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#4
R J Wong, B Liu, T Bhuket
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease in the US. Understanding the epidemiology of NAFLD, with specific focus on individuals with hepatic fibrosis is important to guide healthcare resource planning. AIM: To evaluate prevalence and predictors of hepatic fibrosis among US adults with NAFLD. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study using data from the updated 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a national, stratified, multistage sampling survey of non-institutionalised US adults age ≥ 20...
September 15, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914421/acid-base-safety-during-the-course-of-a-very-low-calorie-ketogenic-diet
#5
Diego Gomez-Arbelaez, Ana B Crujeiras, Ana I Castro, Albert Goday, Antonio Mas-Lorenzo, Ana Bellon, Cristina Tejera, Diego Bellido, Cristobal Galban, Ignacio Sajoux, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Felipe F Casanueva
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Very low-calorie ketogenic (VLCK) diets have been consistently shown to be an effective obesity treatment, but the current evidence for its acid-base safety is limited. The aim of the current work was to evaluate the acid-base status of obese patients during the course of a VLCK diet. METHOD: Twenty obese participants undertook a VLCK diet for 4 months. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters, and venous blood gases were obtained on four subsequent visits: visit C-1 (baseline); visit C-2, (1-2 months); maximum ketosis; visit C-3 (2-3 months), ketosis declining; and visit C-4 at 4 months, no ketosis...
September 15, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914081/c-reactive-protein-is-associated-with-prevalence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-in-us-adults
#6
Mohsen Mazidi, Peter P Toth, Maciej Banach
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has increased globally and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases that may be related to its association with inflammation. We have assessed whether the prevalence of the MetS correlates with a serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) concentration in a population-based sample of US men and women. Participants were selected from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2005 to 2010. Of the 17 689 participants analyzed, 8607 (48...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912201/race-and-socioeconomic-differences-associated-with-changes-in-statin-eligibility-under-the-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-cholesterol-guidelines
#7
Amol A Verma, Marcia P Jimenez, S V Subramanian, Allan D Sniderman, Fahad Razak
BACKGROUND: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines expanded eligibility criteria for statins. We examined race and socioeconomic differences associated with these changes. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was an observational study of adults between 40 and 75 years of age using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys between 2005 and 2012. Change in eligibility for statins was assessed based on the third adult treatment panel criteria and the 2013 ACC/AHA guidelines...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912193/effectiveness-of-a-multifactorial-intervention-based-on-an-application-for-smartphones-heart-healthy-walks-and-a-nutritional-workshop-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-primary-care-emid-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Rosario Alonso-Domínguez, Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Natalia Sánchez-Aguadero, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Carmen Castaño-Sánchez, Luis García-Ortiz, José I Recio-Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: New information and communication technologies (ICTs) may promote lifestyle changes, but no adequate evidence is available on their combined effect of ICTs with multifactorial interventions aimed at improving diet and increasing physical activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). The primary objective of this study is to assess the effect of a multifactorial intervention to increase physical activity and adherence to Mediterranean diet in DM2. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Study scope and population: The study will be conducted at 'La Alamedilla' primary care research unit in Salamanca (Spain)...
September 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911532/bioactive-phytochemicals-in-barley
#9
REVIEW
Emmanuel Idehen, Yao Tang, Shengmin Sang
Epidemiological studies have consistently shown that regular consumption of whole grain barley reduces the risk of developing chronic diseases. The presence of barley fiber, especially β-glucan in whole grain barley, has been largely credited for these health benefits. However, it is now widely believed that the actions of the fiber component alone do not explain the observed health benefits associated with the consumption of whole grain barley. Whole grain barley also contains phytochemicals including phenolic acids, flavonoids, lignans, tocols, phytosterols, and folate...
January 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911126/diabetes-in-the-cape-coast-metropolis-of-ghana-an-assessment-of-risk-factors-nutritional-practices-and-lifestyle-changes
#10
Worlanyo E Gato, Samuel Acquah, Bettye A Apenteng, Samuel T Opoku, Blessed K Boakye
Background: Despite the significant increase in the incidence of diabetes in Ghana, research in this area has been lagging. The purpose of the study was to assess the risk factors associated with diabetes in the Cape Coast metropolis of Ghana, and to describe nutritional practices and efforts toward lifestyle change. Methods: A convenient sample of 482 adults from the Cape Coast metropolis was surveyed using a self-reported questionnaire. The survey collected information on the demographic, socioeconomic characteristics, health status and routine nutritional practices of respondents...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906359/relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-framingham-cardiovascular-risk-score-and-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-koreans
#11
Eui Im, Gwang-Sil Kim
Studies have shown sleep duration to be related to the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and hypertension. However, whether sleep duration is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and the prevalence of CVD irrespective of conventional CV-risk factor, such as diabetes mellitus, obesity, and metabolic syndrome, has not been well established for the Korean population.A total of 23,878 individuals aged 18 years or older from the 2007-2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905462/referrals-to-dietitians-nutritionists-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-australian-gp-registrars-clinical-practice
#12
Katie J Mulquiney, Amanda Tapley, Mieke L van Driel, Simon Morgan, Andrew R Davey, Kim M Henderson, Neil A Spike, Rohan H Kerr, Jane F Watson, Nigel F Catzikiris, Parker J Magin
AIM: The present study aimed to describe referral patterns of general practitioner (GP) registrars to dietitians/nutritionists. There is a paucity of research regarding GP referral patterns to dietitians/nutritionists. Limited data show increasing referrals from established GPs to dietitians/nutritionists. There are no data on GP registrar (trainee) referrals. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Registrar Clinical Encounters in Training (ReCEnT) study...
September 14, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902317/-methodological-design-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-2016
#13
Martín Romero-Martínez, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Ignacio Méndez Gómez-Humarán, Elsa Berenice Gaona-Pineda, Luz María Gómez-Acosta, Juan Ángel Rivera-Dommarco, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila
Objective: Describe the design methodology of the halfway health and nutrition national survey (Ensanut-MC) 2016. Materials and methods: The Ensanut-MC is a national probabilistic survey whose objective population are the inhabitants of private households in Mexico. The sample size was determined to make inferences on the urban and rural areas in four regions. Describes main design elements: target population, topics of study, sampling procedure, measurement procedure and logistics organization...
May 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902283/new-perspectives-on-the-nutritional-factors-influencing-growth-rate-of-candida-albicans-in-diabetics-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Adrian Man, Cristina Nicoleta Ciurea, Dan Pasaroiu, Ana-Ioana Savin, Felicia Toma, Floredana Sular, Luigi Santacroce, Anca Mare
BACKGROUND: The link between Candida albicans and diabetes mellitus is well-acknowledged, but incompletely elucidated. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess the growth rate of C. albicans (CA) in the presence of different concentrations of glucose and fructose, two of the main pathophysiologic and nutritionally relevant sugars in diabetic patients, in order to obtain a better understanding of the nutrient acquisition strategy and its possible relation to the hyperglycemic status of diabetic patients...
September 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901704/audit-of-the-dietetic-care-of-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-at-a-large-australian-paediatric-tertiary-hospital-and-comparison-with-the-international-society-for-paediatric-and-adolescent-diabetes-nutrition-guidelines
#15
Rachel Battersby, Annabel Sweeney, Sarah Toome, Janice Fairchild, Jacqueline Miller
AIM: Optimal glycaemic control is important in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) to reduce the risk of developing microvascular complications. Modest reductions in HbA1c translate to significant risk reductions of these complications. Research indicates that targeted dietetic care using evidence-based guidelines improves HbA1c levels. The aim of this study was to audit the dietetic care provided to patients with T1D at the Women's and Children's Hospital (WCH) and compare the service provided to the International Society for Paediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) nutrition guidelines...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901337/associations-between-dietary-factors-and-markers-of-nafld-in-a-general-dutch-adult-population
#16
A Rietman, D Sluik, E J M Feskens, F J Kok, M Mensink
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this sudy was to assess the relationship between dietary intake and fatty liver as scored by the validated Fatty Liver Index (FLI) in a large cross-sectional study among a general Dutch adult population. Diet is known to affect liver fat accumulation in humans. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1128 men and women aged 20-70 years were included. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. FLI was derived from body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triglycerides and gamma-glutamyltransferase...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901336/vitamin-d-and-probiotics-supplement-use-in-young-children-with-genetic-risk-for-type-1-diabetes
#17
J Yang, R N Tamura, U M Uusitalo, C A Aronsson, K Silvis, A Riikonen, N Frank, G Joslowski, C Winkler, J M Norris, S M Virtanen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and probiotics are nutrients of interest in the context of type 1 diabetes (T1D). We assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with vitamin D and probiotic supplementations among young children with genetic risk of T1D. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Use of supplements during the first 2 years of life was collected prospectively from 8674 children in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. RESULTS: Single and/or multivitamin/mineral (MVM) supplements were reported by 81% of the children...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895637/eating-frequency-and-carbohydrate-intake-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-differ-from-those-in-their-peers-and-are-associated-with-glycemic-control
#18
Christina Baechle, Annika Hoyer, Katty Castillo-Reinado, Anna Stahl-Pehe, Oliver Kuss, Reinhard W Holl, Mathilde Kersting, Joachim Rosenbauer
Aim The diet of people with type 1 diabetes may differ from that of healthy peers due to disease-related factors that may affect the course of diabetes. This cross-sectional study sought to compare meal and snacking frequency and corresponding carbohydrate intake among adolescents with intensively-treated type 1 diabetes and healthy peers and to analyze their association with glycemic control among diabetes patients. Methods Nutritional data of 712 11- to <19-year-olds from a nationwide population-based survey on early-onset type 1 diabetes (52...
September 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894623/ethnopharmacological-values-of-cassava-and-its-potential-for-diabetes-and-dyslipidemia-management-knowledge-survey-and-critical-review-of-report
#19
Ezekiel Uba Nwose, Bonaventure C Onodu, Anayochukwu Edward Anyasodor, Mathew O Sedowo, John N Okuzor, Richard J Culas
BACKGROUND: Beyond nutritional values are the pharmacological potentials of cassava comparative with other staple carbohydrate plant-based foods such as wheat. The knowledge of applicability to diabetes and its cardiovascular complications management seems not just limited but unacknowledged. As a preliminary study, a community's knowledge of pharmacological value of cassava is investigated. METHODS: Descriptive observational study using questionnaire-based "cross-sectional" survey was conducted...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893208/trial-design-and-rationale-for-apollo-a-phase-3-placebo-controlled-study-of-patisiran-in-patients-with-hereditary-attr-amyloidosis-with-polyneuropathy
#20
David Adams, Ole B Suhr, Peter J Dyck, William J Litchy, Raina G Leahy, Jihong Chen, Jared Gollob, Teresa Coelho
BACKGROUND: Patisiran is an investigational RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutic in development for the treatment of hereditary ATTR (hATTR) amyloidosis, a progressive disease associated with significant disability, morbidity, and mortality. METHODS: Here we describe the rationale and design of the Phase 3 APOLLO study, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, global study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of patisiran in patients with hATTR amyloidosis with polyneuropathy...
September 11, 2017: BMC Neurology
keyword
keyword
55857
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"