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Nutrition and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727475/guidance-for-supplemental-enteral-nutrition-across-patient-populations
#1
Douglas L Nguyen
Enteral nutrition is preferred over parenteral nutrition as a result of the greater safety of enteral nutrition therapy and comparative convenience. A wide variety of enteral nutrition products have been developed, including disease-specific products to help manage the nutritional needs of patients with kidney failure, liver failure, lung disease, diabetes, and other conditions. An assessment of each patient's nutritional needs and digestive function should be conducted prior to initiation of enteral nutrition therapy...
July 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727183/a-randomised-controlled-trial-on-a-nurse-led-smartphone-based-self-management-programme-for-patients-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-a-study-protocol
#2
Wenru Wang, Betsy Seah, Ying Jiang, Violeta Lopez, Cherry Tan, Suan Tee Lim, Hongliang Ren, Yin Hao Khoo
AIM: To develop and compare a nurse-led smartphone-based self-management programme with an existing nurse-led diabetes service on health-related outcomes for patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes in Singapore. BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, Asia has emerged as the 'diabetes epicentre' in the world due to rapid economic development, urbanisation and nutrition transition. There is an urgent need to develop more effective care management strategies in response to this rising diabetes epidemic...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725542/self-reported-health-and-behavioral-factors-are-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-americans-aged-40-and-over
#3
Ying Liu, Ifeoma D Ozodiegwu, Jeffrey C Nickel, Kesheng Wang, Laura R Iwasaki
To determine whether behavioral factors differ among metabolic conditions and self-reported health, and to determine whether self-reported health is a valid predictor of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A total of 2997 individuals (≥ 40 years old) were selected from four biennial U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2007-2014). A set of weighted logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)Individuals with light physical activity are more likely to have MetS and report poor health than those with vigorous physical activity with OR = 3...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724572/a-new-case-of-congenital-malabsorptive-diarrhea-and-diabetes-secondary-to-mutant-neurogenin-3
#4
Marta Germán-Díaz, Yolanda Rodriguez-Gil, Jaime Cruz-Rojo, Fabienne Charbit-Henrion, Nadine Cerf-Bensussan, Javier Manzanares-López Manzanares, José Manuel Moreno-Villares
Congenital diarrheal disorders are a group of rare enteropathies that often present with life-threatening diarrhea in the first weeks of life. Enteric anendocrinosis, characterized by a lack of intestinal enteroendocrine cells due to recessively inherited mutations in the Neurogenin-3 (NEUROG3) gene, has been described as a cause of congenital malabsorptive diarrhea. Diabetes mellitus also is typically associated with NEUROG3 mutations, be it early onset or a later presentation. Here we report a case of a 16-year-old male patient with severe malabsorptive diarrhea from birth, who was parenteral nutrition dependent and who developed diabetes mellitus at 11 years old...
July 19, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724331/randomized-double-blinded-pilot-clinical-study-of-the-antidiabetic-activity-of-balanites-aegyptiaca-and-uplc-esi-ms-ms-identification-of-its-metabolites
#5
Hend Rashad, Fateheya M Metwally, Shahira M Ezzat, Maha M Salama, Adel Hasheesh, Amira Abdel Motaal
CONTEXT: Balanites aegyptiaca Del. (Zygophyllaceae) fruits are traditionally known for the treatment of hyperglycaemia. Several in vitro and in vivo studies proposed some mechanisms of action. However, clinical trials in human beings were never reported to date. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antidiabetic efficacy of the 70% ethanol extract of the pericarps of B. aegyptiaca (BE) within a nutritional intervention in elderly people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ultra-performance electrospray ionization-mass spectroscopy (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) analysis was used for metabolic profiling of BE which was incorporated in hard gelatine capsules (400 mg/day) and tested on 30 type 2 diabetes (T2D) Egyptian patients for 8 weeks...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724042/hyperglycemia-in-critical-patients-determinants-of-insulin-dose-choice
#6
Aline Klitzke Paliosa, Cassiano Teixeira, Regis Goulart Rosa, Carine Raquel Blatt
Objective: To identify factors that can determine the choice of intermittent subcutaneous regular insulin dose in critically ill patients with hyperglycemia. Method: Cross-sectional study in a general adult ICU with 26 beds, data collected between September and October 2014. The variables analyzed were: sex, age, previous diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, use of corticosteroids, use of lactulose, sepsis, fasting, enteral nutrition, use of dextrose 5% in water, NPH insulin prescription and blood glucose level...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723705/dietary-guidelines-in-type-2-diabetes-the-nordic-diet-or-the-ketogenic-diet
#7
Ola K Magnusdottir, Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir, Bryndís E Birgisdóttir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight recent developments in research regarding nutrition therapies for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with a focus on the different approaches of the Nordic diet and the ketogenic diet. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent short-term studies have revealed that similar beneficial outcomes are seen after different dietary treatments for T2DM, with different approaches resulting in comparable weight loss and impacts on metabolic factors. SUMMARY: More individualized approaches in nutrition therapy should be considered for T2DM patients and clinical guidelines should reflect this...
July 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722030/therapeutic-lifestyle-change-diet-enriched-in-legumes-reduces-oxidative-stress-in-overweight-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-crossover-randomised-clinical-trial
#8
P Mirmiran, S Hosseinpour-Niazi, F Azizi
The objective of this study was to investigate whether a diet rich in legumes are associated with oxidative stress among type 2 diabetic patients. In a randomized, controlled, crossover clinical trial, 31 type 2 diabetic patients were randomly assigned to receive 2 diets, each for a period of 8 weeks: (1) The legume-free therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC) diet and (2) the legume-based TLC diet. Both diets were similar except that 2 servings of red meat were replaced by different types of legumes 3 days per week in the legume-based TLC diet...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721834/the-interaction-between-nutrition-and-exercise-for-promoting-health-and-performance
#9
Oliver C Witard, Derek Ball
The theme of The Nutrition Society Spring Conference 2017 was on the interaction between nutrition and exercise for promoting healthy ageing, maintaining cognitive function and improving the metabolic health of the population. The importance of this theme is highlighted by the public health issues surrounding obesity, diabetes and the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia). The opening symposium provided a historical perspective of both invasive and non-invasive methodologies for measuring exercise energetics and energy balance...
July 19, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721115/online-nutrition-and-t2dm-continuing-medical-education-course-launched-on-state-level-medical-association
#10
Kristen K Hicks, Peter S Murano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research study was to determine whether a 1-hour online continuing medical education (CME) course focused on nutrition for type 2 diabetes would result in a gain in nutrition knowledge by practicing physicians. METHODS: A practicing physician and dietitian collaborated to develop an online CME course (both webinar and self-study versions) on type 2 diabetes. This 1-hour accredited course was launched through the state-level medical association's education library, available to all physicians...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717673/sex-and-race-ethnic-disparities-in-food-security-and-chronic-diseases-in-u-s-older-adults
#11
Joan A Vaccaro, Fatma G Huffman
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships among sex, race/ethnicity, and food security with the likelihood of cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and lung disease for older adults. Method: Complex sample analysis by logistic regression models for chronic diseases were conducted from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014, for N = 3,871 adults aged ≥55 years. Results: Being female with low food security was associated with lung disease and diabetes...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716847/nonnutritive-sweeteners-and-cardiometabolic-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-and-prospective-cohort-studies
#12
Meghan B Azad, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Rasheda Rabbani, Justin Lys, Leslie Copstein, Amrinder Mann, Maya M Jeyaraman, Ashleigh E Reid, Michelle Fiander, Dylan S MacKay, Jon McGavock, Brandy Wicklow, Ryan Zarychanski
BACKGROUND: Nonnutritive sweeteners, such as aspartame, sucralose and stevioside, are widely consumed, yet their long-term health impact is uncertain. We synthesized evidence from prospective studies to determine whether routine consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners was associated with long-term adverse cardiometabolic effects. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library (inception to January 2016) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated interventions for nonnutritive sweeteners and prospective cohort studies that reported on consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners among adults and adolescents...
July 17, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712159/association-of-the-cardiometabolic-staging-system-with-individual-engagement-and-quality-of-life-in-the-us-adult-population
#13
Sandra A Tsai, Lan Xiao, Nan Lv, Ying Liu, Jun Ma
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships of Cardiometabolic Disease Staging (CMDS), a validated five-stage system for assessing risk for diabetes, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality, with measures of individual engagement and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the US adult population. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to derive the CMDS stages, five participant engagement measures, and four HRQOL measures among adult participants ≥ 40 years of age...
July 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711069/preterm-birth-and-its-impact-on-renal-health
#14
Valerie A Luyckx
Preterm birth occurs in approximately 10% of all births worldwide. Preterm infants have reduced nephron numbers at birth in proportion to gestational age, and are at increased risk of neonatal acute kidney injury as well as higher blood pressure, proteinuria, and chronic kidney disease later in life. Rapid catch-up growth in preterm infants, especially if resulting in obesity, is a risk factor for end-stage kidney disease among children with proteinuric renal disease. Preterm birth, however, is a risk factor not only for the infant because mothers who deliver preterm have an increased risk of having subsequent preterm deliveries as well as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and renal disease later in life...
July 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710289/nutritional-modulation-of-metabolic-inflammation
#15
REVIEW
Anna M Kirwan, Yvonne M Lenighan, Marcella E O'Reilly, Fiona C McGillicuddy, Helen M Roche
Metabolic inflammation is a very topical area of research, wherein aberrations in metabolic and inflammatory pathways probably contribute to atherosclerosis, insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes. Metabolic insults arising from obesity promote inflammation, which in turn impedes insulin signalling and reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). Key cells in the process are metabolically activated macrophages, which up-regulate both pro- and anti-inflammatory pathways in response to lipid spillover from adipocytes...
July 14, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709854/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-new-instrument-to-assess-nutritional-perceptions-and-behaviors-of-diabetic-men
#16
Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh, Marzieh Araban, Vida Mohammadi, Fataneh Goodarzi
BACKGROUND: It is obvious that unhealthy nutritional behaviors have caused the increasing incidence of diabetes. This study aimed to design the Measure of Nutritional Perceptions and Behaviors in diabetic men and to evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed within 7 factors. Three methods of face validity, content validity, and construct validity were employed to ensure the validity of the scale. 206 men with diabetes completed the questionnaires...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707980/extranuclear-sirtuins-and-metabolic-stress
#17
Mahmoud Sobhy Elkhwanky, Jukka Hakkola
SIGNIFICANCE: Extranuclear sirtuins in cytosol (SIRT2) and mitochondria (SIRT3, SIRT4 and SIRT5) are key regulators of metabolic enzymes and the antioxidative defense mechanisms. They play an important role in the adjustment of metabolic pathways in alterations of the nutritional status. Recent Advances: Recent studies have shown that in addition to lysine deacetylation, sirtuins catalyze several different lysine deacylation reactions, removal of lipid modifications and ADP-ribosylation...
July 14, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706778/evaluation-of-healthy2go-a-country-store-transformation-project-to-improve-the-food-environment-and-consumer-choices-in-appalachian-kentucky
#18
Joshua A Rushakoff, Daniel E Zoughbie, Nancy Bui, Katerina DeVito, Leila Makarechi, Hitomi Kubo
Rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes in Kentucky's Cumberland Valley region are among the highest in the United States and limited access to healthy food contributes to these epidemics. The aim of Healthy2Go (H2G), a country store transformation project launched by Spread the Health Appalachia (STHA), was to improve awareness and availability of healthy options in small, rural stores. Ten country stores participated in H2G and received training and technical assistance to increase availability and awareness of healthy foods...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706613/major-components-of-metabolic-parameters-and-nutritional-intakes-in-different-genotypes-of-adiponectin-276-g-t-gene-polymorphism-in-non-diabetes-and-non-alcoholic-iranian-fatty-liver-patients
#19
Fatemeh Mohseni, Sahar Moghbelinejad, Reza Najafipour
BACKGROUND: Genetic and environmental factors are both involved in the etiology of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Among the genetic factors, certain polymorphisms of adiponectin gene are associated with NAFLD. In the current study, we investigated the association between metabolic parameters with different genotypes of adiponectin +276 G>T polymorphism among the Iranian NAFLD patients, and the effect of nutritional intake with development of NAFLD. METHODS: In this study, 75 patients with NAFLD and 76 healthy individuals were enrolled...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704856/effects-of-highly-pure-enriched-cellulose-diet-on-digestibility-lipid-metabolism-and-redox-status-in-obese-offspring-of-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#20
Bensalah Meryem, Bouanane Samira, Benyagoub Ouahiba, Merzouk Hafida, Baba Ahmed Fatima Zohra
The long-term nutritional efficacy of a highly-pure-enriched-cellulose (HPEC) diet and its effects on lipid metabolism and oxidant/antioxidant status were investigated in obese offspring of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes in pregnant rats was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin on day 5 of gestation. Control pregnant rats were injected with citrate buffer. At weaning offspring of diabetic and control rats were fed HPEC or control diet, they were housed individually in metabolic cage for 2 months to investigate the nutritional efficacy of the diets...
July 13, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
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