keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery obesity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040667/data-resource-profile-the-nordic-obesity-surgery-cohort-nordosco
#1
Wenjing Tao, Miia Artama, My von Euler-Chelpin, Peter Konings, Rickard Ljung, Elsebeth Lynge, Guðríður Helga Ólafsdóttir, Eero Pukkala, Pål Romundstad, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Karl Wahlin, Jesper Lagergren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036612/cd40l-controls-obesity-associated-vascular-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-mice-translational-aspects-for-man
#2
Sebastian Steven, Mobin Dib, Michael Hausding, Fatemeh Kashani, Matthias Oelze, Swenja Kröller-Schön, Alina Hanf, Steffen Daub, Siyer Roohani, Yves Gramlich, Esther Lutgens, Eberhard Schulz, Christian Becker, Karl J Lackner, Hartmut Kleinert, Christoph Knosalla, Beate Niesler, Philipp S Wild, Thomas Münzel, Andreas Daiber
Aims: CD40 ligand (CD40L) signaling controls vascular oxidative stress and related dysfunction in angiotensin-II-induced arterial hypertension by regulating vascular immune cell recruitment and platelet activation. Here we investigated the role of CD40L in experimental hyperlipidemia. Methods and Results: Male wild type and CD40L-/- mice (C57BL/6 background) were subjected to high fat diet for sixteen weeks. Weight, cholesterol, HDL and LDL levels, endothelial function (isometric tension recording), oxidative stress (NADPH oxidase expression, dihydroethidium fluorescence) and inflammatory parameters (inducible nitric oxide synthase, interleukin-6 expression) were assessed...
September 26, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035976/the-impact-of-obesity-on-mortality-and-other-outcomes-in-patients-with-nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-in-the-united-states
#3
Marwan S Abougergi, Heather Peluso, Chebli Mrad, John R Saltzman
GOALS: To quantify in patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (NVUGIH) the relationship between obesity and mortality, disease severity, treatment modalities, and resource utilization. BACKGROUND: NVUGIH is the most common gastrointestinal emergency. STUDY: Adults with a principal diagnosis of NVUGIH were selected from the 2014 National Inpatient Sample. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes were hemorrhagic shock, prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV), upper endoscopy [esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)], radiologic treatment, surgery, length of hospital stay (LOS), and total hospitalization costs and charges...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035973/the-relevance-of-dietary-protein-after-bariatric-surgery-what-do-we-know
#4
Nele Steenackers, Ina Gesquiere, Christophe Matthys
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The growing obesity epidemic is associated with an increased demand for bariatric surgery with Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy as the most widely performed procedures. Despite beneficial consequences, nutritional complications may arise because of anatomical and physiological changes of the gastrointestinal tract. The purpose of this review is to provide an update of the recent additions to our understanding of the impact of bariatric surgery on the intake, digestion and absorption of dietary protein...
October 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033356/intraoperative-analgesia-guided-by-the-analgesia-nociception-index-in-bariatric-surgery-an-unmatched-case-control-study
#5
Lisa Le Gall, Anaëlle David, Pauline Carles, Sébastien Leuillet, Brigitte Chastel, Catherine Fleureau, Antoine Dewitte, Alexandre Ouattara
INTRODUCTION: Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI) has been proposed for the evaluation of the nociception-antinociception balance in the perioperative period. In obese patient, where the management of analgesia may be rendered difficult by pharmacological changes, we hypothesized that the monitoring of analgesia with ANI would reduce intraoperative opioid consumption during bariatric surgery. METHODS: This monocentric, observational, unmatched case-control study aimed to compare perioperative data from obese subjects (body mass index ≥ 35kg...
October 12, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032910/venous-thromboembolism-after-laparoscopic-or-robotic-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-ninety-days-outcome-of-a-10-years-experience
#6
Hamzeh M Halawani, Charis F Ripley-Hager, Mary C Naglak, Fernando Bonanni, Gintaras Antanavicius
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a feared complication after bariatric surgery. Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is a complex bariatric procedure that is offered typically to super morbidly obese patients. Scarce data exist in reporting VTE outcome and identifying the risk factors associated with it after BPD-DS. OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for VTE after BPD-DS at 90-day follow-up. SETTING: A nonprofit regional referral center and teaching hospital in Pennsylvania...
September 9, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032488/how-do-individuals-develop-alcohol-use-disorder-after-bariatric-surgery-a-grounded-theory-exploration
#7
Ruth Yoder, Padraig MacNeela, Ronan Conway, Caroline Heary
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity. However, following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, a small minority of patients develop new-onset alcohol use disorder (AUD), the aetiology of which is poorly understood. AIM: The aim is to construct a theory to explain the development of AUD among a sample of individuals who reported problematic drinking following RYGB. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight RYGB patients diagnosed with AUD attending a multi-disciplinary outpatient weight management service at a public hospital in the Republic of Ireland...
October 14, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032451/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-the-oncological-outcomes-of-patients-treated-with-radical-nephroureterectomy-for-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#8
Yohann Dabi, Mohammed El Mrini, Igor Duquesnes, Nicolas Barry Delongchamps, Mathilde Sibony, Marc Zerbib, Evanguelos Xylinas
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and oncological outcomes in patients treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 237 consecutive patients treated with RNU for UTUC at our institution between 1990 and 2012. Univariable and multivariable cox regression models investigated the association of BMI with disease recurrence, cancer-specific mortality, and overall mortality...
October 14, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031395/habitual-dietary-intake-of-fatty-acids-are-associated-with-leptin-gene-expression-in-subcutaneous-and-visceral-adipose-tissue-of-patients-without-diabetes
#9
Hosein Rostami, Mohammad Samadi, Emad Yuzbashian, Maryam Zarkesh, Golaleh Asghari, Mehdi Hedayati, Afsoon Daneshafrooz, Parvin Mirmiran, Alireza Khalaj
The purpose of the study was to investigate the association of leptin gene expression in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues with habitual fatty acid intake and its subtypes in adults. Visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues were gathered from 97 participants aged ≥ 20, who had undergone elective abdominal surgery. Dietary fatty acid intakes including total fatty acids (TFA), saturated fatty acid (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), n-3, n-6, and n-9 fatty acids were collected using a valid and reliable food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
November 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031374/-prediabetes-definition-and-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Manuel Dolz, Yasmin Dhane
Prediabetes corresponds to high levels of glycaemia on an empty stomach and/or lower tolerance to glucose. It is necessary to detect and treat it in order to prevent type 2 diabetes and its long-term morbidity-mortality. Several clinical trials, based notably on modifying the patient's lifestyle, have shown that prevention is possible. Bariatric surgery could constitute a favoured treatment option in prediabetic obese patients.
October 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027993/current-pharmacotherapy-for-obesity
#11
REVIEW
Gitanjali Srivastava, Caroline M Apovian
More than one-third of adults in the USA have obesity, which causes, exacerbates or adversely impacts numerous medical comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Despite intensive lifestyle modifications, the disease severity warrants further aggressive intervention, including pharmacotherapy, medical devices and bariatric surgery. Noninvasive anti-obesity drugs have thus now resurfaced as targeted adjunctive therapeutic approaches to intensive lifestyle intervention, bridging the gap between lifestyle and bariatric surgery...
October 13, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026443/neutrophil-killing-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-diabetes-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-a-prospective-cellular-surveillance-study
#12
Ingrid Lea Scully, Lisa Kristin McNeil, Sudam Pathirana, Christine Lee Singer, Yongdong Liu, Stanley Mullen, Douglas Girgenti, Alejandra Gurtman, Michael W Pride, Kathrin Ute Jansen, Paul L Huang, Annaliesa S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Obesity, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and diabetes are frequent in surgical populations and can enhance susceptibility to postoperative surgical site infections. Reduced neutrophil function has been linked with diabetes and risk of Staphylococcus aureus infection. Therefore, neutrophil function in diabetic and obese subjects (± MetS) was assessed in this prospective serological and cellular surveillance study to determine whether vaccines administered to protect against infections after surgery could be effective in these populations...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026353/association-of-body-mass-index-and-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-surgery
#13
Maged Y Argalious, Natalya Makarova, Alexander Leone, Jacek Cywinski, Ehab Farag
BACKGROUND: Whether the deleterious effects of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on the kidneys are exacerbated in the obese population remains unknown. We hypothesized that increased body mass index (BMI) is associated with an increased incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing noncardiac laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, we analyzed data on 8,543 adult patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status scores of I-IV who had inpatient noncardiac laparoscopic surgery from 2005-2014...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026059/risk-factors-for-acute-cholecystitis-and-for-intraoperative-complications
#14
Octavian Andercou, Gabriel Olteanu, Florin Mihaileanu, Bogdan Stancu, Marian Dorin
laparoscopy is widely used and with low complications and with low postoperative morbidity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We perform an analytical study about the safety of laparoscopic surgery in patients with acute cholecystitis in a single Surgical Department with an experience of over 20 years in laparoscopic surgery. We included 193 patient admitted in our department during 2014 and 2015. RESULTS: Of the 193 patients, 43% were diagnosed with acute lithiasic cholecystitis (ALC) whereas 56% had chronic lithiasic cholecystitis (CLC)...
August 30, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025827/influence-of-social-deprivation-on-provision-of-bariatric-surgery-10-year-comparative-ecological-study-between-two-uk-specialist-centres
#15
Shivam Bhanderi, Mushfique Alam, Jacob Henry Matthews, Gavin Rudge, Hamish Noble, David Mahon, Martin Richardson, Richard Welbourn, Paul Super, Rishi Singhal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of residential location and socioeconomic deprivation on the provision of bariatric surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional ecological study. SETTING: Patients resident local to one of two specialist bariatric units, in different regions of the UK, who received obesity surgery between 2003 and 2013. METHODS: Demographic data were collected from prospectively collected databases...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025246/vaspin-mrna-levels-in-the-liver-of-morbidly-obese-women-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#16
Marek Waluga, Michał Kukla, Michał Żorniak, Marta Grabiec, Maciej Kajor, Michał Dyaczyński, Grzegorz Kowalski, Dominika Żądło, Agnieszka Berdowska, Rafał Kotulski, Rafał J Bułdak, Tomasz Sawczyn, Ewa Waluga, Paweł Olczyk, Marek Hartleb
The aim of this study was to evaluate hepatic vaspin mRNA in morbidly obese women with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to look for its relationships with metabolic and histopathological features. The study included 56 severely obese women who underwent intraoperative wedge liver biopsy during bariatric surgery. Hepatic vaspin mRNA was assessed by quantitative real-time PCR. Vaspin mRNA found in all included patients was markedly higher in patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 kg/m2 (4.59 ±3...
2017: Polish Journal of Pathology: Official Journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025206/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-onset-craniopharyngioma
#17
So Yoon Jung, Yun Jeong Lee, Hye Jin Lee, Young Ah Lee, Jin Soo Moon, Jae Sung Ko, Sei Won Yang, Choong Ho Shin
PURPOSE: Hypothalamic obesity in childhood-onset (CO-) craniopharyngioma patients may predispose to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study reviewed the characteristics of NAFLD associated with CO-craniopharyngioma. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 75 patients who underwent surgery for craniopharyngioma while younger than 15 years of age between 2000 and 2016. RESULTS: Elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) above 40 IU/L was observed in 51 of the 75 (68%) CO-craniopharyngioma patients...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024428/heat-shock-protein-60-in-obesity-effect-of-bariatric-surgery-and-its-relation-to-inflammation-and-cardiovascular-risk
#18
Henrike Sell, Christine Poitou, Christiane Habich, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Jürgen Eckel, Karine Clément
OBJECTIVE: Heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) is an adipokine, and its serum concentrations are higher in patients with obesity compared to lean patients. This study aimed to analyze the effect of bariatric surgery on circulating concentrations of Hsp60 in morbid obesity and their correlation with inflammation and metabolic and cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Fifty-three females with morbid obesity undergoing bariatric surgery were enrolled. Serum parameters and anthropometric measures were obtained at baseline and 3 to 12 months post surgery...
October 11, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023150/incisional-hernia-repair-what-the-radiologist-needs-to-know
#19
Kushal R Parikh, Mahmoud Al-Hawary, John D Millet, Richard Burney, Jonathan Finks, Katherine Maturen
OBJECTIVE: Incisional hernias are becoming more prevalent with increases in the obesity of the population and the complexity of abdominal surgeries. Radiologists' understanding of these hernias is limited. This article examines abdominal wall anatomy, surgical techniques, the role of imaging (current and emerging), and complications from the surgical perspective, to enhance to the role of the radiologist. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the relevant anatomy, surgical techniques, and postoperative complications in patients with incisional hernial repair can help the radiologist improve care...
October 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022218/an-examination-of-the-mechanisms-and-personality-traits-underlying-food-addiction-among-individuals-with-severe-obesity-awaiting-bariatric-surgery
#20
Anne-Sophie Ouellette, Christopher Rodrigue, Simone Lemieux, André Tchernof, Laurent Biertho, Catherine Bégin
PURPOSE: The aetiology underlying addiction has often been investigated to shed more light on the factors contributing to the development and maintenance of various disorders. In the field of addictive eating behaviours, data on the aetiological factors related to food addiction (FA) in the bariatric context remain scarce. The present study aimed to explore mechanisms and variables underlying FA among individuals suffering from severe obesity and awaiting bariatric surgery. METHODS: Participants (N = 146) were recruited at the Quebec Heart and Lung Institute during their pre-operative visit and were invited to complete questionnaires...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
keyword
keyword
55856
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"