keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery obesity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430846/a-case-of-bariatric-surgery-related-wernicke-korsakoff-syndrome-with-persisting-anterograde-amnesia
#1
Philip Gerard Gasquoine
Objective: To describe the theoretical and clinical implications of the neuropsychological evaluation of a case of bariatric surgery-related Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Method: The patient was a 37-year old, female, bilingual, bachelor's degree educated, Mexican American public relations consultant without preexisting psychiatric, neurological, or substance abuse history. Recovery from laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery for morbid obesity was complicated by intraabdominal abscess, multibacterial infection, and prolonged nausea and vomiting...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429583/a-qualitative-study-of-the-role-of-australian-general-practitioners-in-the-surgical-management-of-obesity
#2
K Jose, A Venn, M Nelson, F Howes, S Wilkinson, D Ezzy
General practitioners (GPs) are increasingly managing patients with class 2 and 3 obesity (body mass index [BMI] > 35 and 40 kg/m(2) , respectively). Bariatric surgery is considered for patients with class 2 obesity and comorbidities or class 3 obesity where sustained weight loss using non-surgical interventions has not been achieved. In Australia, GPs facilitate access to surgery through referral processes, but the nature of GP involvement in bariatric pre- and post-surgery care is currently unclear...
April 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429582/obesity-and-addiction-can-a-complication-of-surgery-help-us-understand-the-connection
#3
REVIEW
V Ivezaj, L E Stoeckel, N M Avena, S C Benoit, A Conason, J F Davis, A N Gearhardt, R Goldman, J E Mitchell, C N Ochner, K K Saules, K J Steffen, E Stice, S Sogg
Obesity is a multifactorial, chronic disease that has proven difficult to treat. An increased understanding of aetiological mechanisms is critical to the development of more effective obesity prevention and treatment strategies. A growing body of empirical evidence has demonstrated parallels between obesity, overeating and substance abuse, including shared behavioural, psychological and neurophysiological factors implicated in the excessive intake of both food and substances of abuse. Several different lines of research have recently emerged that hold the potential to shed light on the connection between obesity, food reward and addiction, with studies examining changes in alcohol use/misuse after weight loss surgery providing a particularly interesting perspective on these interrelationships...
April 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429404/air-pollution-weight-loss-and-metabolic-benefits-of-bariatric-surgery-a-potential-model-for-study-of-metabolic-effects-of-environmental-exposures
#4
R Ghosh, W J Gauderman, H Minor, H A Youn, F Lurmann, K R Cromar, L Chatzi, B Belcher, C R Fielding, R McConnell
BACKGROUND: Emerging experimental evidence suggests that air pollution may contribute to development of obesity and diabetes, but studies of children are limited. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that pollution effects would be magnified after bariatric surgery for treatment of obesity, reducing benefits of surgery. METHODS: In 75 obese adolescents, excess weight loss (EWL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c ) were measured prospectively at baseline and following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB)...
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429199/gastric-bypass-and-influence-on-improvement-of-nafld
#5
REVIEW
Vamsi Alli, Ann M Rogers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is recognized as a chronic and recurring disease, often accompanied by other weight-related comorbid conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This chapter will seek to focus on the effect of weight loss surgery (WLS), in particular Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), on NAFLD. RECENT FINDINGS: Among several modalities available to treat NAFLD, the one most likely to achieve rapid, significant, and sustained improvement of liver disease is WLS...
June 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429171/sleeve-gastrectomy-alters-intestinal-permeability-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#6
Claire Blanchard, François Moreau, Julien Chevalier, Audrey Ayer, Damien Garcon, Lucie Arnaud, Jean-Paul Pais de Barros, Thomas Gautier, Michel Neunlist, Bertrand Cariou, Cédric Le May
BACKGROUND: Increased lipopolysaccharide (LPS) translocation due to altered intestinal permeability has been suggested as a mechanism for obesity-associated insulin resistance. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on intestinal barrier permeability in diet-induced obese mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four weeks after surgery, the effects of SG on intestinal permeabilities were assessed ex vivo and in vivo in male C57Bl/6J mice fed a high-fat diet...
April 20, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428714/predictors-for-difficult-cecal-insertion-in-colonoscopy-the-impact-of-obesity-indices
#7
Soo Yun Moon, Byung Chang Kim, Dae Kyung Sohn, Kyung Su Han, Bun Kim, Chang Won Hong, Bum Joon Park, Kum Hei Ryu, Ji Hyung Nam
AIM: To identify the factors influencing cecal insertion time (CIT) and to evaluate the effect of obesity indices on CIT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data for participants who received both colonoscopy and abdominal computed tomography (CT) from February 2008 to May 2008 as part of a comprehensive health screening program. Age, gender, obesity indices [body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip circumference ratio (WHR), waist circumference (WC), visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volume on abdominal CT], history of prior abdominal surgery, constipation, experience of the colonoscopist, quality of bowel preparation, diverticulosis and time required to reach the cecum were analyzed...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427988/obesity-bariatric-surgery-and-vitamin-d
#8
REVIEW
Joao Lindolfo C Borges, Isabella Santiago de M Miranda, Marta M S Sarquis, Victoria Borba, Sergio Setsuo Maeda, Marise Lazaretti-Castro, Neil Blinkey
The high prevalence of obesity is a worldwide problem associated with multiple comorbidities, including cardiovascular diseases. Vitamin D deficiency with secondary hyperparathyroidism is common in obese individuals and can be aggravated after bariatric surgery. Moreover, there is no consensus on the optimal supplementation dose of vitamin D in postbariatric surgical patients. We present new data on the variability of 25(OH)D response to supplementation in postmenopausal obese women. It is important to recognize and treat vitamin D deficiency before bariatric surgery to avoid postoperative complications, such as metabolic bone disease with associated high fracture risk...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422946/pediatric-cushing-disease-disparities-in-disease-severity-and-outcomes-in-the-hispanic-and-african-american-populations
#9
Alexandra Gkourogianni, Ninet Sinaii, Sharon H Jackson, Alexander S Karageorgiadis, Charalampos Lyssikatos, Elena Belyavskaya, Margaret F Keil, Mihail Zilbermint, Prashant Chittiboina, Constantine A Stratakis, Maya B Lodish
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the contribution of racial and socioeconomic disparities to severity and outcomes for children with Cushing disease (CD). METHODS: 129 children with CD, 45 Hispanic/Latino or African American (HI/AA) and 84 non-Hispanic White (non-HW), are included. A 10-point index for rating severity (CD-severity) incorporated degree of hypercortisolemia, glucose tolerance, hypertension, anthropomorphic measurements, disease duration, and tumor characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422853/gastritis-in-patients-undergoing-sleeve-gastrectomy-prevalence-ethnic-distribution-and-impact-on-glycemic
#10
Lea Rath-Wolfson, Roy Varona, Golan Bubis, Alexander Tatarov, Rumelia Koren, Edward Ram
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a therapeutic option in severely obese patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) gastritis and non-Helicobacter gastritis in the gastrectomy specimens, and its association to other variables.One hundred six sleeve gastrectomy specimens were examined histopathologically for the presence of gastritis and its relation to other factors like ethnicity, glycemic control, and postoperative complications.Twelve patients had HP gastritis, 39 had non-HP gastritis, and 55 had normal mucosa...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421792/micronutrient-supplementation-in-gastric-bypass-surgery-prospective-study-on-in%C3%AF-ammation-and-iron-metabolism-in-premenopausal-women
#11
Flávia Andréia Marin, Rozangela Verlengia, Alex Harley Crisp, Patrícia Fátima Sousa Novais, Irineu Rasera-Junior, Maria Rita Marques De Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Low-grade chronic inflammation in morbid obesity is associated with impaired iron metabolism. Bariatric surgery is effective in weight loss; however, it can induce specific nutritional deficiencies, such as iron, especially in premenopausal women. Alternatively, after surgery, there is an improvement in systemic inflammation, raising questions concerning the dosages of micronutrient supplementation. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the effect of two micronutrient supplementation schemes before and 6 months after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery on inflammation and iron metabolism in premenopausal women...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421456/filling-the-void-a-review-of-intragastric-balloons-for-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Patrick Laing, Tuan Pham, Linda Jo Taylor, John Fang
Endoscopic bariatric therapies are predicted to become much more widely used in North America for obese patients who are not candidates for bariatric surgery. Of all the endoscopic bariatric therapies, intragastric balloons (IGBs) have the greatest amount of clinical experience and published data supporting their use. Three IGBs are FDA approved and are now commercially available in the USA (Orbera, ReShape Duo, and Obalon) with others likely soon to follow. They are generally indicated for patients whose BMI ranges from 30 to 40 mg/kg(2) and who have failed to lose weight with diet and exercise...
April 18, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421259/-bariatric-surgery-versus-medical-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-obesity
#13
W Schröder, C Bruns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420923/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-early-outcomes-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#14
Ghulam Hussain, Mirza Ahmad Raza Baig, Abdul Ghaffar, Sara Zaheer, Hafiz Muhammad Azam Raheel, Sehrish Khalid
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of body mass index on early outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting in terms of morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This retrospective comparative study was conducted at Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology, Multan, Pakistan, and comprised data of patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting from December 2007 to December 2015. Analysis of variance and chi-square test were used for analysis of groups formed on the basis of body mass index...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420587/should-recent-smoking-be-a-contraindication-for-sleeve-gastrectomy
#15
Ivy N Haskins, Amy S Nowacki, Zhamak Khorgami, Karen Schulz, Leslie J Heinberg, Phillip R Schauer, Stacy A Brethauer, Ali Aminian
BACKGROUND: One of the ultimate goals of bariatric and metabolic surgery is to decrease cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Obese individuals who smoke tobacco are at an increased risk of cardiovascular events and may benefit the most by positive effects of bariatric surgery on cardiometabolic risk factors. The safety profile of sleeve gastrectomy in patients who smoke has not yet been characterized. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the independent effect of smoking on early postoperative morbidity and mortality of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
March 9, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420586/impaired-oral-absorption-of-methylphenidate-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#16
REVIEW
Carmil Azran, Peter Langguth, Arik Dahan
The anatomic and physiologic changes in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract after bariatric surgery may significantly affect the pharmacokinetics of medications taken by the patients for various reasons. Unfortunately, there is little information regarding changes in drug absorption after bariatric surgeries, limiting the ability of medical professionals to produce clear recommendations on what changes should be made to the formulations and dosing regimens of drugs after bariatric surgery. In this article, we report and analyze a case of 52-year-old male patient with morbid obesity and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who experienced lack of methylphenidate efficacy after Roux en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), which was eventually resolved by using the transdermal patch instead of an oral product...
March 9, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420371/effect-of-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations-on-the-mechanical-properties-of-the-lungs
#17
Cécile Rotenberg, Marcel Bonay, Mostafa El Hajjam, Sandra Blivet, Alain Beauchet, Pascal Lacombe, Thierry Chinet
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) are present in approximately 15-50% individuals with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). They may be isolated but more often are multiple. The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of PAVMs on lung mechanical properties. METHODS: We reviewed the files of all adult patients (age ≥ 18 years) referred to our Center for evaluation of HHT between 2005 and 2013. The diagnosis of HHT was based on the Curacao criteria and/or the presence of a pathogenic mutation...
April 19, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419237/the-fat-score-a-fibrosis-score-of-adipose-tissue-predicting-weight-loss-outcome-after-gastric-bypass
#18
Pierre Bel Lassen, Frederic Charlotte, Yuejun Liu, Pierre Bedossa, Gilles le Naour, Joan Tordjman, Christine Poitou, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Laurent Genser, Jean-Daniel Zucker, Nataliya Sokolovska, Judith Aron-Wisnewsky, Karine Clément
Context: Bariatric surgery (BS) induces major and sustainable weight loss in many but not all patients. Factors predicting poor responders (PR) need to be identified to improve patient care. Quantification of subcutaneous adipose tissue (scAT) fibrosis is negatively associated with post-BS weight loss, but whether it could constitute a predictor applicable in clinical routine remains to be demonstrated. Objective: To create a semi-quantitative score evaluating scAT fibrosis and test its predictive value on weight loss response after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417575/effect-of-weight-reduction-on-hemoglobin-a1c-in-weight-loss-trials-of-type-2-diabetes-patients
#19
Anders Gummesson, Elisabeth Nyman, Mikael Knutsson, Martin Karpefors
AIMS: To quantify the effect of weight loss on HbA1c at group level based on data from published weight loss trials in overweight and obese type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane CENTRAL (January 1990 through December 2012) was conducted to identify prospective trials of energy-reduced diets, obesity drugs or bariatric surgery conducted in adult, overweight and obese T2D patients. Based on clinical data from 3 to 24 months of follow-up, a linear model was developed to describe the effect of weight reduction on HbA1c...
April 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417459/does-obesity-complicate-regional-anesthesia-and-result-in-longer-decision-to-delivery-time-for-emergency-cesarean-section
#20
A J Väänänen, J P Kainu, H Eriksson, M Lång, A Tekay, J Sarvela
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity can cause problems with anesthesia and surgery which may be reflected in emergency cesarean sections (CS) as an increased decision-to-delivery interval (DDI). AIM: To study the association of elevated maternal BMI with DDI and the failure of regional anesthesia. METHODS: Eight hundred and forty-two consecutive emergency CSs during a period of 1 year in a tertiary hospital were studied retrospectively. DDIs were analyzed in Crash and < 30-min urgency categories (n = 528), while the time required to establish regional anesthesia and its success were analyzed for all emergency CS cases...
April 17, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
keyword
keyword
55856
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"