keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Problem list

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644037/lower-risk-cannabis-use-guidelines-a-comprehensive-update-of-evidence-and-recommendations
#1
Benedikt Fischer, Cayley Russell, Pamela Sabioni, Wim van den Brink, Bernard Le Foll, Wayne Hall, Jürgen Rehm, Robin Room
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use is common in North America, especially among young people, and is associated with a risk of various acute and chronic adverse health outcomes. Cannabis control regimes are evolving, for example toward a national legalization policy in Canada, with the aim to improve public health, and thus require evidence-based interventions. As cannabis-related health outcomes may be influenced by behaviors that are modifiable by the user, evidence-based Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines (LRCUG)-akin to similar guidelines in other health fields-offer a valuable, targeted prevention tool to improve public health outcomes...
June 23, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641208/an-associative-account-of-the-development-of-word-learning
#2
Vladimir M Sloutsky, Hyungwook Yim, Xin Yao, Simon Dennis
Word learning is a notoriously difficult induction problem because meaning is underdetermined by positive examples. How do children solve this problem? Some have argued that word learning is achieved by means of inference: young word learners rely on a number of assumptions that reduce the overall hypothesis space by favoring some meanings over others. However, these approaches have difficulty explaining how words are learned from conversations or text, without pointing or explicit instruction. In this research, we propose an associative mechanism that can account for such learning...
June 19, 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639262/interprofessional-collaboration-to-improve-professional-practice-and-healthcare-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Scott Reeves, Ferruccio Pelone, Reema Harrison, Joanne Goldman, Merrick Zwarenstein
BACKGROUND: Poor interprofessional collaboration (IPC) can adversely affect the delivery of health services and patient care. Interventions that address IPC problems have the potential to improve professional practice and healthcare outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of practice-based interventions designed to improve interprofessional collaboration (IPC) amongst health and social care professionals, compared to usual care or to an alternative intervention, on at least one of the following primary outcomes: patient health outcomes, clinical process or efficiency outcomes or secondary outcomes (collaborative behaviour)...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638514/internal-medicine-residents-ambulatory-management-of-core-geriatric-conditions
#4
Kathryn E Callahan, Lindsay A Wilson, Juliessa M Pavon, James F Lovato, Hal H Atkinson, Jan Busby-Whitehead, Thomas Dalton, Mitchell T Heflin, Patricia Iverson, Janice S Lawlor, Justin Marsden, William P Moran, Ellen Roberts, Jeff D Williamson
BACKGROUND: Adults aged 65 years and older account for more than 33% of annual visits to internal medicine (IM) generalists and specialists. Geriatrics experiences are not standardized for IM residents. Data are lacking on IM residents' continuity experiences with older adults and competencies relevant to their care. OBJECTIVE: To explore patient demographics and the prevalence of common geriatric conditions in IM residents' continuity clinics. METHODS: We collected data on age and sex for all IM residents' active clinic patients during 2011-2012...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638041/-the-presumption-of-mental-health-is-it-really-proved
#5
S N Shishkov, N V Skibina
The article is devoted to one of the most complicated and peculiar problems of modern psychiatry - the presumption of mental health. Its originality is seen in the fact that practically all speaking and writing about it noted the importance of this principle for the protection of rights and legal interests of citizens, failing into the field of psychiatry. However, expressing this opinion, doctors and lawyers offer very few arguments in support of this view. Traditional arguments in favor of the presumption of mental health, scattered and unsystematic, prove to be absolutely insolvent...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631809/anabolic-steroids-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#6
REVIEW
Cho Naing, Maxine A Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, also known as bed sores, pressure sores or decubitus ulcers develop as a result of a localised injury to the skin or underlying tissue, or both. The ulcers usually arise over a bony prominence, and are recognised as a common medical problem affecting people confined to a bed or wheelchair for long periods of time. Anabolic steroids are used as off-label drugs (drugs which are used without regulatory approval) and have been used as adjuvants to usual treatment with dressings, debridement, nutritional supplements, systemic antibiotics and antiseptics, which are considered to be supportive in healing of pressure ulcers...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631412/psychopathology-in-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-their-mothers
#7
Aslı Sürer Adanir, Gülseren Taşkiran, O Alphan Küpesiz, Esin Özatalay
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow Transplantation(BMT) is used to treat children with various hematologic, oncologic and metabolic diseases. While the treatment is lifesaving, it is also found to be related with anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and psychosocial problems both in children and parents. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychopathology in pediatric BMT survivors and their mothers compared to the healthy controls. All children were interviewed using Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for assessing the life-long psychopathology...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624110/interferon-free-antiviral-therapy-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-among-patients-in-the-liver-transplant-setting
#8
REVIEW
Marjolein van Tilborg, Raoel Maan, Adriaan J van der Meer, Robert J de Knegt
Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection remains a major public health problem with many infected individuals worldwide. The revolutionary discovery of highly effective direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) makes chronic HCV infection a curable disease, even in patients with advanced liver disease. Liver function may improve shortly after initiation of antiviral therapy in patients on the waiting list and could even obviate the need for transplantation. However, whether these short term benefits also result in a favorable prognosis on the long-term remains to be seen and this fuels the discussion whether DAAs should be used prior to liver transplantation in all patients...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620323/integrated-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-and-psychotic-symptoms-a-case-series-study-using-imaginal-reprocessing-strategies
#9
Nadine Keen, Elaine C M Hunter, Emmanuelle Peters
Despite high rates of trauma in individuals with psychotic symptoms, post-traumatic stress symptoms are frequently overlooked in clinical practice. There is also reluctance to treat post-traumatic symptoms in case the therapeutic procedure of reprocessing the trauma exacerbates psychotic symptoms. Recent evidence demonstrates that it is safe to use reprocessing strategies in this population. However, most published studies have been based on treating post-traumatic symptoms in isolation from psychotic symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619704/applying-stopp-guidelines-in-primary-care-through-electronic-medical-record-decision-support-randomized-control-trial-highlighting-the-importance-of-data-quality
#10
Morgan Price, Iryna Davies, Raymond Rusk, Mary Lesperance, Jens Weber
BACKGROUND: Potentially Inappropriate Prescriptions (PIPs) are a common cause of morbidity, particularly in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand how the Screening Tool of Older People's Prescriptions (STOPP) prescribing criteria, implemented in a routinely used primary care Electronic Medical Record (EMR), could impact PIP rates in community (non-academic) primary care practices. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-method, pragmatic, cluster, randomized control trial in research naïve primary care practices...
June 15, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619123/chd-and-respiratory-syncytial-virus-global-expert-exchange-recommendations
#11
Robert M R Tulloh, Constancio Medrano-Lopez, Paul A Checchia, Claudia Stapper, Naokata Sumitomo, Matthias Gorenflo, Eun Jung Bae, Antonio Juanico, Juan M Gil-Jaurena, Mei-Hwan Wu, Talal Farha, Ali Dodge-Khatami, Rocky Tsang, Gerard Notario, Colleen Wegzyn
BACKGROUND: Palivizumab is the standard immunoprophylaxis against serious disease due to respiratory syncytial virus infection. Current evidence-based prophylaxis guidelines may not address certain children with CHD within specific high-risk groups or clinical/management settings. METHODS: An international steering committee of clinicians with expertise in paediatric heart disease identified key questions concerning palivizumab administration; in collaboration with an additional international expert faculty, evidence-based recommendations were formulated using a quasi-Delphi consensus methodology...
June 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616226/child-wasting-is-a-severe-public-health-problem-in-the-predominantly-rural-population-of-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Bikis, Haile Woldie, Molla Mesele Wassie, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, child wasting has remained a public health problem for a decade's, suggesting the need to further monitoring of the problem. Hence, this study aimed at assessing the prevalence of wasting and associated factors among children aged 6-59 months at Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A Community based cross-sectional study was undertaken from May to June, 2015, in Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia. A total of 1184 children aged under five years and their mothers/caretakers were included in the study...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614543/cytopathologic-evaluation-of-patients-submitted-to-radiotherapy-for-uterine-cervix-cancer
#13
Cátia Martins Leite Padilha, Mário Lúcio Cordeiro Araújo, Sergio Augusto Lopes de Souza
Cervical cancer is an important public health problem. Pap smear is the leading strategy of screening programs for cervical cancer worldwide. However, delayed diagnosis leads to more aggressive and less effective treatments. Patients with uterine cervix malignancies who are referred for radiotherapy have advanced-stage disease, which results in high rates of locoregional recurrence. The use of radiotherapy as a treatment for cervical cancer causes morphological changes in neoplastic and non-neoplastic epithelial cells, as well as in stromal cells, which make it difficult to diagnose the residual lesion, resulting in a dilemma in cytopathological routine...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610270/revision-of-the-genus-i-bradyporus-i-charpentier-1825-orthoptera-tettigoniidae-bradyporinae
#14
Mustafa Ünal
The genus Bradyporus Charpentier is taxonomically revised using information obtained from numerous recently collected specimens. Bradyporus is divided into two subgenera Bradyporus Charpentier s.str. and Callimenus Fischer von Waldheim. Five species groups are distinguished in the latter subgenus. Sixteen species and subspecies are listed. Bradyporus (Callimenus) multituberculatus multituberculatus (Fischer von Waldheim, 1833) and Bradyporus (Callimenus) multituberculatus montandoni (Burr, 1898) are designated subspecies for the first time...
May 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609963/validation-of-the-replacement-name-i-eusceliotes-i-stebbing-1888-for-the-pelagic-hyperiidean-amphipod-genus-i-euscelus-i-claus-1879-crustacea-amphipoda-hyperiidea-parascelidae-preoccupied-by-i-euscelus-i-schoenherr-1833-insecta-coleoptera-attelabidae
#15
Wolfgang Zeidler
The generic name Euscelus was originally proposed by Schoenherr (1833: 205) for a genus of Leaf Rolling weevils (Insecta: Coleoptera: Attelabidae). It is a valid name, in current use, for a relatively large genus of weevils, widespread in northern South America and central America, including the West Indies and the Caribbean (e.g. Hamilton 2007; Legalov 2007). Euscelus Claus, 1879 was established as a monotypic genus of pelagic amphipod (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Hyperiidea: Parascelidae). It is a very rare genus, still monotypic, with the only species, E...
April 18, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609476/effective-strategies-to-motivate-nursing-home-residents-in-oral-care-and-to-prevent-or-reduce-responsive-behaviors-to-oral-care-a-systematic-review
#16
Matthias Hoben, Angelle Kent, Nadia Kobagi, Kha Tu Huynh, Alix Clarke, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Poor oral health has been a persistent problem in nursing home residents for decades, with severe consequences for residents and the health care system. Two major barriers to providing appropriate oral care are residents' responsive behaviors to oral care and residents' lack of ability or motivation to perform oral care on their own. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of strategies that nursing home care providers can apply to either prevent/overcome residents' responsive behaviors to oral care, or enable/motivate residents to perform their own oral care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608402/does-the-severity-of-psychopathology-of-italian-students-receiving-counselling-services-increase-over-time-a-5-year-analysis-and-a-comparison-with-a-clinical-and-non-clinical-sample
#17
Maria Grazia Strepparava, Marco Bani, Federico Zorzi, Umberto Mazza, Francesca Barile, Giorgio Rezzonico
Psychological problems-from the most minor such as exams anxiety to the more severe such as personality disorders-are not rare in young adults. University Counselling Services often present the only opportunity for undergraduates to meet health professionals and to be confronted with their difficulties in a non-clinical setting or-in cases of more severe psychopathology-to be referred to mental health services. Recent research attests to the increasing severity of psychological problems among undergraduate and graduate university students...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603644/neighbours-of-cancer-related-proteins-have-key-influence-on-pathogenesis-and-could-increase-the-drug-target-space-for-anticancer-therapies
#18
Dezső Módos, Krishna C Bulusu, Dávid Fazekas, János Kubisch, Johanne Brooks, István Marczell, Péter M Szabó, Tibor Vellai, Péter Csermely, Katalin Lenti, Andreas Bender, Tamás Korcsmáros
Even targeted chemotherapies against solid cancers show a moderate success increasing the need to novel targeting strategies. To address this problem, we designed a systems-level approach investigating the neighbourhood of mutated or differentially expressed cancer-related proteins in four major solid cancers (colon, breast, liver and lung). Using signalling and protein-protein interaction network resources integrated with mutational and expression datasets, we analysed the properties of the direct and indirect interactors (first and second neighbours) of cancer-related proteins, not found previously related to the given cancer type...
January 24, 2017: NPJ Systems Biology and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603585/international-scientific-communications-in-the-field-of-colorectal-tumour-markers
#19
Krasimir Ivanov, Ivan Donev
AIM: To analyze scientometrically the dynamic science internationalization on colorectal tumour markers as reflected in five information portals and to outline the significant journals, scientists and institutions. METHODS: A retrospective problem-oriented search was performed in Web of Science Core Collection (WoS), MEDLINE, BIOSIS Citation Index (BIOSIS) and Scopus for 1986-2015 as well as in Dervent Innovations Index (Derwent) for 1995-2015. Several specific scientometric parameters of the publication output and citation activity were comparatively analyzed...
May 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602027/assistive-technology-for-memory-support-in-dementia
#20
REVIEW
Henriëtte G Van der Roest, Jennifer Wenborn, Channah Pastink, Rose-Marie Dröes, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: The sustained interest in electronic assistive technology in dementia care has been fuelled by the urgent need to develop useful approaches to help support people with dementia at home. Also the low costs and wide availability of electronic devices make it more feasible to use electronic devices for the benefit of disabled persons. Information Communication Technology (ICT) devices designed to support people with dementia are usually referred to as Assistive Technology (AT) or Electronic Assistive Technology (EAT)...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
55840
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"