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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096010/a-pilot-study-of-routine-screening-for-distress-by-a-nurse-and-psychologist-in-an-outpatient-haematological-oncology-clinic
#1
Toni Musiello, Glenys Dixon, Moira O'Connor, Deb Cook, Lisa Miller, Anna Petterson, Christobel Saunders, David Joske, Claire Johnson
AIM: To explore the: 1) prevalence of distress, type of problems experienced by haematological patients, and referrals for supportive care; 2) effect of demographic and clinical variables on distress, and 3) effect on the time of health professionals conducting the screening in the ambulatory chemotherapy setting. METHODS: Participants completed the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Distress Thermometer and Problem List and had a follow-up screening discussion with a health professional...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095584/creating-a-dedicated-education-unit-in-long-term-care
#2
Jodie R Fox
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095063/early-primary-care-follow-up-after-ed-and-hospital-discharge-does-it-affect-readmissions
#3
Sanjai Sinha, Joanna Seirup, Amanda Carmel
OBJECTIVES: After hospitalization, timely discharge follow-up has been linked to reduced readmissions in the heart failure population, but data from general inpatients has been mixed. The objective of this study was to determine if there was an association between completed follow-up appointments within 14 days of hospital discharge and 30-day readmission amongst primary care patients at an urban academic medical center. Index discharges included both inpatient and emergency room settings...
January 17, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092289/the-impact-of-obesity-on-heart-failure
#4
Alexander B Zhai, Haissam Haddad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity, a growing global health problem, contributes to the development of heart failure. However, increased BMI seems protective for those with established disease, a phenomenon known as the 'obesity paradox'. In this review, we outline the mechanism through which obesity can contribute to the development of heart failure, explore the concept of obesity paradox, and highlight the challenges that obesity presents for advanced heart failure therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Although the mechanism underlying the obesity paradox is complex, meta-analysis shows that intentional weight loss through bariatric surgery can indeed improve cardiac structure and function...
January 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092070/current-bioengineering-and-regenerative-strategies-for-the-generation-of-kidney-grafts-on-demand
#5
REVIEW
Ximo García-Domínguez, Jose S Vicente, Cesar D Vera-Donoso, Francisco Marco-Jimenez
Currently in the USA, one name is added to the organ transplant waiting list every 15 min. As this list grows rapidly, fewer than one-third of waiting patients can receive matched organs from donors. Unfortunately, many patients who require a transplant have to wait for long periods of time, and many of them die before receiving the desired organ. In the USA alone, over 100,000 patients are waiting for a kidney transplant. However, it is a problem that affects around 6% of the word population. Therefore, seeking alternative solutions to this problem is an urgent work...
January 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090399/breastfeeding-in-samoa-a-study-to-explore-women-s-knowledge-and-the-factors-which-influence-infant-feeding-practices
#6
Lucy E Archer, Thomas F Dunne, Lauren J Lock, Lucy A Price, Zubair Ahmed
A decline in breastfeeding rates in Samoa has been reported over the last century. To assess the length of time women breastfeed, their knowledge of both the advantages of and recommendations for breastfeeding, and the factors that influence their decisions to continue or discontinue breastfeeding, a questionnaire was distributed at Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital. One hundred and twenty-one eligible participants were included aged 18-50 years (mean age 28.2). Ninety percent of participants initiated breastfeeding, and the majority (78%) of babies were exclusively breastfed for at least the recommended 6 months...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089136/recent-insights-into-biohydrogen-production-by-microalgae-from-biophotolysis-to-dark-fermentation
#7
REVIEW
Dillirani Nagarajan, Duu-Jong Lee, Akihiko Kondo, Jo-Shu Chang
One of the best options to alleviate the problems associated with global warming and climate change is to reduce burning of fossil fuels and search for new alternative energy resources. In case of biodiesel and bioethanol production, the choice of feedstock and the process design influences the GHG emissions and appropriate methods need to be adapted. Hydrogen is a zero-carbon and energy dense alternative energy carrier with clean burning properties and biohydrogen production by microalgae can reduce production associated GHG emissions to a great extent...
December 30, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087544/children-s-experiences-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-a-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography-of-qualitative-studies
#8
Roxanne M Parslow, Sarah Harris, Jessica Broughton, Adla Alattas, Esther Crawley, Kirstie Haywood, Alison Shaw
OBJECTIVE: To synthesis the qualitative studies of children's experiences of chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-ethnography. BACKGROUND: CFS/ME is an important disabling illness, with uncertain cause and prognosis. As a result, children with CFS/ME can find themselves living with greater uncertainty and stigma, exacerbating the impact of the condition. There is a growing body of qualitative research in CFS/ME, yet there has been no attempt to systematically synthesis the studies involving children...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080085/suppression-and-expression-of-emotion-in-social-and-interpersonal-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#9
Elizabeth Chervonsky, Caroline Hunt
Emotion expression is critical for the communication of important social information, such as emotional states and behavioral intentions. However, people tend to vary in their level of emotional expression. This meta-analysis investigated the relationships between levels of emotion expression and suppression, and social and interpersonal outcomes. PsycINFO databases, as well as reference lists were searched. Forty-three papers from a total of 3,200 papers met inclusion criteria, allowing for 105 effect sizes to be calculated...
January 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079443/breastfeeding-in-women-having-experienced-childhood-sexual-abuse
#10
Constanze Elfgen, Niels Hagenbuch, Gisela Görres, Emina Block, Brigitte Leeners
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) can have a serious effect on general and obstetric health. Breastfeeding includes several triggers for memories of abuse experiences, which will likely influence decisions about breastfeeding and its implementation in daily life. This is important since breastfeeding improves maternal well-being and bonding with the child. Research aim: As breastfeeding strongly influences the long-term health of children, we investigated experiences with breastfeeding in women with a history of CSA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068518/impact-of-space-environment-on-stability-of-medicines-challenges-and-prospects
#11
REVIEW
Priti Mehta, Dhara Bhayani
To upkeep health of astronauts in a unique, isolated, and extreme environment of space is the primary goal for a successful space mission, hence, safe and efficacious medications are essential for the wellness of astronauts. Space medication has been challenged with problems related to efficacy. Along with altered physiology, one of the possible reasons could be instability of space medications in the presence of harsh spaceflight environmental conditions. Altered physical and chemical stability can result in reduced potency which can result in reduced efficacy...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068172/access-to-accredited-cancer-hospitals-within-federal-exchange-plans-under-the-affordable-care-act
#12
Kenneth L Kehl, Kai-Ping Liao, Trudy M Krause, Sharon H Giordano
Purpose The Affordable Care Act expanded access to health insurance in the United States, but concerns have arisen about access to specialized cancer care within narrow provider networks. To characterize the scope and potential impact of this problem, we assessed rates of inclusion of Commission on Cancer (CoC) -accredited hospitals and National Cancer Institute (NCI) -designated cancer centers within federal exchange networks. Methods We downloaded publicly available machine-readable network data and public use files for individual federal exchange plans from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for the 2016 enrollment year...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067179/cd20-based-immunotherapy-of-b-cell-derived-hematologic-malignancies
#13
Dariush Shanehbandi, Jafar Majidi, Tohid Kazemi, Behzad Baradaran, Leili Aghebati-Maleki
CD20 is a surface antigen which is expressed at certain stages of B-cell differentiation. Targeting the CD20-positive B-cells with therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) has been an effectual strategy in the treatment of hematologic malignancies such as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Initial success with Rituximab (RTX) has encouraged the creation and development of more effective CD20 based therapeutics. However, treatment with conventional MAbs has not been adequate to overcome the problems such as refractory/relapsed disease...
January 9, 2017: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061800/does-a-pbl-based-medical-curriculum-predispose-training-in-specific-career-paths-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Jordan Tsigarides, Laura R Wingfield, Myutan Kulendran
BACKGROUND: North American medical schools have used problem-based learning (PBL) structured medical education for more than 60 years. However, it has only recently been introduced in other medical schools outside of North America. Since its inception, there has been the debate on whether the PBL learning process predisposes students to select certain career paths. OBJECTIVES: To review available evidence to determine the predisposition of specific career paths when undertaking a PBL-based medical curriculum...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059557/message-framing-in-vaccine-communication-a-systematic-review-of-published-literature
#15
Marcela A Penţa, Adriana Băban
Suboptimal vaccination rates are a significant problem in many countries today, in spite of improved access to vaccine services. As a result, there has been a recent expansion of research on how best to communicate about vaccines. The purpose of the present article is to provide an updated review of published, peer-reviewed empirical studies that examined the effectiveness of gain versus loss framing (i.e., goal framing) in the context of vaccine communication. To locate studies, we examined the reference list from the previous meta-analytic review (O'Keefe & Nan, 2012), and we conducted systematic searches across multiple databases...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057950/reduction-of-30-day-hospital-readmissions-after-patient-centric-telephonic-medication-therapy-management-services
#16
Daryl E Miller, Teresa E Roane, Karen D McLin
Background: Transitional care programs are a growing topic in health care systems across the country, with a focus on achieving a reduction in hospital readmissions and improving patient and medication safety. Numerous strategies have been employed and studied to determine successful approaches to patient transition from the hospital setting to the home setting. Pharmacist-mediated postdischarge telephonic outreach has demonstrated decreased hospital readmission rates in multiple hospital systems. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacist-facilitated telephonic medication therapy management (MTM) services on reducing hospital readmissions...
December 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057651/efficacy-of-interventions-to-improve-physical-activity-levels-in-individuals-with-stroke-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Júlia Caetano Martins, Sylvie Nadeau, Raquel Rodrigues Britto, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela, Christina D C M Faria
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is a leading health problem worldwide and an important cause of disability. Stroke survivors show low levels of physical activity, and increases in physical activity levels may improve function and health status. Therefore, the aims are to identify which interventions that have been employed to increase physical activity levels with stroke survivors, to verify their efficacy and to identify the gaps in the literature. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials that investigated the efficacy of interventions aiming at increasing physical activity levels of stroke survivors will be conducted...
January 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052840/complaint-directed-mini-interventions-for-depressive-complaints-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-unguided-web-based-self-help-interventions
#18
Suzanne Lokman, Stephanie S Leone, Marion Sommers-Spijkerman, Agnes van der Poel, Filip Smit, Brigitte Boon
BACKGROUND: Prevention of depression is important due to the substantial burden of disease associated with it. To this end, we developed a novel, brief, and low-threshold Web-based self-help approach for depressive complaints called complaint-directed mini-interventions (CDMIs). These CDMIs focus on highly prevalent complaints that are demonstrably associated with depression and have a substantial economic impact: stress, sleep problems, and worry. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Web-based self-help CDMIs in a sample of adults with mild-to-moderate depressive symptoms compared to a wait-list control group...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049503/effects-of-a-mutual-recovery-intervention-on-mental-health-in-depressed-elderly-community-dwelling-adults-a-pilot-study
#19
Chao Wang, Yujie Hua, Hua Fu, Longfeng Cheng, Wen Qian, Junyang Liu, Paul Crawford, Junming Dai
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression in the elderly is growing worldwide, and the population aging in China makes depression a major health problem for the elderly adults and a tremendous burden to the society. Effective interventions should be determined to provide an approach solving the problem and improving the situation. This study examined the effectiveness of a mutual recovery program intervention on depressive symptom, sleep quality, and well-being in community-dwelling elderly adults with depressive symptom in Shanghai...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048617/su-f-t-342-dosimetric-constraint-prediction-guided-automatic-mulit-objective-optimization-for-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy
#20
T Song, Y Li, L Zhou
PURPOSE: For intensity modulated radiotherapy, the plan optimization is time consuming with difficulties of selecting objectives and constraints, and their relative weights. A fast and automatic multi-objective optimization algorithm with abilities to predict optimal constraints and manager their trade-offs can help to solve this problem. Our purpose is to develop such a framework and algorithm for a general inverse planning. METHODS: There are three main components contained in this proposed multi-objective optimization framework: prediction of initial dosimetric constraints, further adjustment of constraints and plan optimization...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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