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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548313/total-knee-replacement-are-there-any-baseline-factors-that-have-influence-in-patient-reported-outcomes
#1
A Escobar, L García Pérez, C Herrera-Espiñeira, F Aizpuru, C Sarasqueta, M Gonzalez Sáenz de Tejada, J M Quintana, A Bilbao
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence about what factors influence outcomes after total knee replacement (TKR). The objective is to identify baseline factors that differentiate patients who achieve both, minimal clinically important difference (MCID) and a patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) in pain and function, measured by WOMAC, after TKR from those who do not attain scores above the cutoff in either of these dimensions. METHODS: One-year prospective multicentre study...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546052/status-report-from-norway-implementation-of-patient-involvement-in-norwegian-health-care
#2
Jürgen Kasper, Anne Regine Lager, Markus Rumpsfeld, Simone Kienlin, Kristine Hoel Smestad, Tone Bråthen, Holly Ankell, Tore Knutsen, Rune Kløvtveit, Pål Gulbrandsen, Per Olav Vandvik, Anja Fog Heen, Signe Flottorp, Geir Tollåli, Øystein Eiring
Norway has traditionally high standards regarding civil rights particularly emphasizing equal access to societal resources including health care. This background and the health care system's centralized national organization make it perfectly suited for implementation of shared decision making (SDM). In recent years, great efforts have been made by policy- makers, regional health authorities and not least the patients to facilitate a process of change in health communication culture. SDM is currently even given highest priority in health care strategies on all system levels...
May 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545053/mortality-among-blood-donors-seropositive-and-seronegative-for-chagas-disease-1996-2000-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-a-death-certificate-linkage-study
#3
Ligia Capuani, Ana Luiza Bierrenbach, Airlane Pereira Alencar, Alfredo Mendrone, João Eduardo Ferreira, Brian Custer, Antonio Luiz P Ribeiro, Ester Cerdeira Sabino
BACKGROUND: Individuals in the indeterminate phase of Chagas disease are considered to have mortality rates similar to those of the overall population. This study compares mortality rates among blood donors seropositive for Chagas disease and negative controls in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This is a retrospective cohort study of blood donors from 1996 to 2000: 2842 seropositive and 5684 seronegative for Chagas disease. Death status was ascertained by performing probabilistic record linkage (RL) with the Brazil national mortality information system (SIM)...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543391/medication-discrepancies-in-the-dental-record-and-impact-of-pharmacist-led-intervention
#4
Hailey J Choi, Autumn L Stewart, Chunhao Tu
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently use medications with potential implications for oral health and dental procedures, yet little is known about the accuracy of medication lists available to dentists. The aims of this study were to describe the frequency and clinical implications of medication discrepancies in the dental record (phase 1) and to evaluate the impact of pharmacist intervention on medication reconciliation processes in dental practice (phase 2). METHODS: A prospective, single-centre study evaluating adults receiving dental care was conducted...
May 20, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542498/transgender-inclusive-measures-of-sex-gender-for-population-surveys-mixed-methods-evaluation-and-recommendations
#5
Greta R Bauer, Jessica Braimoh, Ayden I Scheim, Christoffer Dharma
Given that an estimated 0.6% of the U.S. population is transgender (trans) and that large health disparities for this population have been documented, government and research organizations are increasingly expanding measures of sex/gender to be trans inclusive. Options suggested for trans community surveys, such as expansive check-all-that-apply gender identity lists and write-in options that offer maximum flexibility, are generally not appropriate for broad population surveys. These require limited questions and a small number of categories for analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541208/image-based-models-for-specularity-propagation-in-diminished-reality
#6
Souheil Hadj Said, Mohamed Tamaazousti, Adrien Bartoli
The aim of Diminished Reality (DR) is to remove a target object in a live video stream seamlessly. In our approach, the area of the target object is replaced with new texture that blends with the rest of the image. The result is then propagated to the next frames of the video. One of the important stages of this technique is to update the target region with respect to the illumination change. This is a complex and recurrent problem when the viewpoint changes. We show that the state-of-the-art in DR fails in solving this problem, even under simple scenarios...
May 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539941/unresolved-bereavement-and-other-mental-health-problems-in-parents-of-the-sewol-ferry-accident-after-18-months
#7
Hyu Jung Huh, Seung Huh, So Hee Lee, Jeong-Ho Chae
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the overall mental health consequences of the bereaved parents after the Sewol ferry accident. METHODS: Eighty-four bereaved parents participated in the study. Self-report scales assessing the severity of psychiatric symptoms and other related psychosomatic problems were used at 18 months following the accident. Univariate descriptive statistics and regression analyses were performed to report the prevalence, severity, and correlates of psychiatric symptoms...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538143/openrbc-a-fast-simulator-of-red-blood-cells-at%C3%A2-protein-resolution
#8
Yu-Hang Tang, Lu Lu, He Li, Constantinos Evangelinos, Leopold Grinberg, Vipin Sachdeva, George Em Karniadakis
We present OpenRBC, a coarse-grained molecular dynamics code, which is capable of performing an unprecedented in silico experiment-simulating an entire mammal red blood cell lipid bilayer and cytoskeleton as modeled by multiple millions of mesoscopic particles-using a single shared memory commodity workstation. To achieve this, we invented an adaptive spatial-searching algorithm to accelerate the computation of short-range pairwise interactions in an extremely sparse three-dimensional space. The algorithm is based on a Voronoi partitioning of the point cloud of coarse-grained particles, and is continuously updated over the course of the simulation...
May 23, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533972/characterisation-of-false-positive-observations-in-botanical-surveys
#9
Quentin J Groom, Sarah J Whild
Errors in botanical surveying are a common problem. The presence of a species is easily overlooked, leading to false-absences; while misidentifications and other mistakes lead to false-positive observations. While it is common knowledge that these errors occur, there are few data that can be used to quantify and describe these errors. Here we characterise false-positive errors for a controlled set of surveys conducted as part of a field identification test of botanical skill. Surveys were conducted at sites with a verified list of vascular plant species...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531167/a-role-for-the-host-dna-damage-response-in-hepatitis-b-virus-cccdna-formation-and-beyond
#10
REVIEW
Sabrina Schreiner, Michael Nassal
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection puts more than 250 million people at a greatly increased risk to develop end-stage liver disease. Like all hepadnaviruses, HBV replicates via protein-primed reverse transcription of a pregenomic (pg) RNA, yielding an unusually structured, viral polymerase-linked relaxed-circular (RC) DNA as genome in infectious particles. Upon infection, RC-DNA is converted into nuclear covalently closed circular (ccc) DNA. Associating with cellular proteins into an episomal minichromosome, cccDNA acts as template for new viral RNAs, ensuring formation of progeny virions...
May 22, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528449/the-canadian-national-breast-screening-studies-are-compromised-and-their-results-are-unreliable-they-should-not-factor-into-decisions-about-breast-cancer-screening
#11
REVIEW
Daniel B Kopans
The Canadian National Breast Screening Studies were compromised by an unblinded allocation process and poor quality mammography. Contrary to the requirement that allocation in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) be blinded to avoid any possible intentional or unintentional subversion of a random allocation, all women in the CNBSS trials underwent a clinical breast examination prior to assignment to the study arm or the usual care arm. Women with abnormal clinical breast examinations were identified, and this information was available to the coordinators who then assigned the women on open lists...
May 20, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528017/-identification-of-sentinel-events-in-primary-care
#12
G Olivera Cañadas, A Cañada Dorado, M Drake Canela, B Fernández-Martínez, G Ordóñez León, M Cimas Ballesteros
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe a list of sentinel events (SEs) for Primary Care (PC). METHODODOLOGY: A structured experts' consensus was obtained by using two online questionnaires. The participants were selected because of their expertise in PC and patient safety. The first questionnaire assessed the suitability of the hospital SEs established in the National Quality Forum 2006 for use in PC via responses of "yes", "no", or "yes but with modification". In the latter case, a re-wording of the SE was requested...
May 17, 2017: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526481/randomised-control-trial-of-the-impact-of-a-brief-tele-support-intervention-on-initial-attendance-at-physiotherapy-group-sessions-for-pelvic-floor-problems
#13
Lisa A Osborne, C Mair Whittall, Ruth Emanuel, Simon Emery, Phil Reed
OBJECTIVE: To assesses the efficacy of a brief telephone call to patients on a waiting list for physiotherapy treatment for pelvic floor dysfunction on initial attendance. DESIGN: A three-armed randomized control study. SETTING: An outpatient physiotherapy clinic at a hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 130 consecutively referred women patients (mean age of 51.47, range = 26-84) with a variety of pelvic floor dysfunction problems...
May 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526329/a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-time-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Lissa Spencer, Renae McNamara, Susan Sims, Zoe McKeough
INTRODUCTION: Replacing sedentary behaviour with light intensity physical activity (ie, activities classified as less than three metabolic equivalents, such as slow-paced walking) may be a more realistic strategy for reducing cardiometabolic risk in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than only aiming to increase levels of moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity. Behaviour change interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have not yet been developed or tested...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524230/the-etiology-of-autistic-traits-in-preschoolers-a-population-based-twin-study
#15
Eveline L de Zeeuw, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Rosa A Hoekstra, Meike Bartels, Dorret I Boomsma
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are highly heritable, but the exact etiological mechanisms underlying the condition are still unclear. METHODS: Using a multiple rater twin design in a large sample of general population preschool twins, this study aimed to (a) estimate the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to autistic traits, controlling for the possible effects of rater bias, (b) to explore possible sex differences in etiology and (c) to investigate the discordance in autistic traits in monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twin pairs...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523125/fat-soluble-vitamin-intake-from-the-consumption-of-food-fortified-food-and-supplements-design-and-methods-of-the-belgian-vitadek-study
#16
Isabelle Moyersoen, Stefaan Demarest, Karin De Ridder, Jean Tafforeau, Carl Lachat, John Van Camp
BACKGROUND: The adequacy of micronutrient intake is a public health concern, as both insufficient and excessive intake levels may result in adverse health effects. Data on dietary intake are needed to evaluate potential problems regarding inadequate intake at population level and to formulate effective public health and food safety recommendations. Assessing the intake of micronutrients in population subgroups such as infants, toddlers, pregnant and lactating women is challenging and requires specific approaches...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521849/a-writer-s-guide-to-education-scholarship-qualitative-education-scholarship-part-2
#17
Teresa M Chan, Daniel K Ting, Andrew Koch Hall, Aleisha Murnaghan, Brent Thoma, Jill McEwen, Lalena M Yarris
OBJECTIVE: Education scholarship can be conducted using a variety of methods, from quantitative experiments to qualitative studies. Qualitative methods are less commonly used in emergency medicine (EM) education research but are well-suited to explore complex educational problems and generate hypotheses. We aimed to review the literature to provide resources to guide educators who wish to conduct qualitative research in EM education. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review to outline: 1) a list of journals that regularly publish qualitative educational papers; 2) an aggregate set of quality markers for qualitative educational research and scholarship; and 3) a list of quality checklists for qualitative educational research and scholarship...
May 19, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520551/strategies-for-sustained-weight-management-perspectives-from-african-american-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Stephanie L Fitzpatrick, Felicia Hill-Briggs
Purpose The purpose of this study was to identify effective strategies for sustained weight management used by African American patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Methods In this study, nominal group technique was used to identify effective strategies for weight management used by 12 African Americans with overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes who successfully lost or maintained their weight after completing DECIDE (Decision-making Education for Choices In Diabetes Everyday), a 9-module, literacy-adapted diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) education and problem-solving training program...
June 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515551/combining-metacognitive-strategies-with-traditional-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-case-illustration
#19
Paulomi M Sudhir, Systla Rukmini, Mahendra Prakash Sharma
CONTEXT: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a challenging clinical condition to manage. Recent psychological models of GAD emphasis on the need to focus on metacognitive processes in addition to symptom reduction. AIMS: We examined the application of metacognitive strategies in addition to conventional cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) techniques in an adult patient with GAD. SETTINGS AND DESIGNS: Asingle case design with pre- and post-assessments on clinician-rated scales was adopted...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515345/genetic-factors-associated-with-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
REVIEW
Ranran Tang, Heng Liu, Yingdi Yuan, Kaipeng Xie, Pengfei Xu, Xiaoyun Liu, Juan Wen
Although the metabolic syndrome is a commonplace topic, its potential threats to public health is a problem that cannot be neglected. As the living conditions improved significantly over the past few years, the morbidity of metabolic syndrome has also steadily risen, and the onset age is becoming younger. The hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is one of the most prevalent life-threatening human cancers worldwide, incidence of which is also on the rise, gradually occupied the top of the list associated with metabolic syndrome related complication...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
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