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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350827/time-spent-by-belgian-hospital-pharmacists-on-supply-disruptions-and-drug-shortages-an-exploratory-study
#1
Elfi De Weerdt, Thomas De Rijdt, Steven Simoens, Minne Casteels, Isabelle Huys
INTRODUCTION: Supply problems of drugs are an increasing and worldwide problem, also in Belgium. Hospital pharmacists try to manage drug supply problems to minimize the impact on patient care. This study aims to quantify in a detailed manner how much time employees of 17 Belgian hospital pharmacies spend on drug supply problems. METHODS: During six months, employees of Belgian hospital pharmacies filled in the daily time spent on drug supply problems using a template containing all steps which can be executed to manage drug supply problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344193/polyphasic-insights-into-the-microbiomes-of-the-takamatsuzuka-tumulus-and-kitora-tumulus
#2
Junta Sugiyama, Tomohiko Kiyuna, Miyuki Nishijima, Kwang-Deuk An, Yuka Nagatsuka, Nozomi Tazato, Yutaka Handa, Junko Hata-Tomita, Yoshinori Sato, Rika Kigawa, Chie Sano
Microbial outbreaks and related biodeterioration problems have affected the 1300-year-old multicolor (polychrome) mural paintings of the special historic sites Takamatsuzuka Tumulus (TT) and Kitora Tumulus (KT). Those of TT are designated as a national treasure. The microbiomes of these tumuli, both located in Asuka village, Nara, Japan, are critically reviewed as the central subject of this report. Using culture-dependent methods (conventional isolation and cultivation), we conducted polyphasic studies of the these microbial communities and identified the major microbial colonizers (Fusarium spp...
March 24, 2017: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344029/herbasl-remedies-for-urinary-stones-used-in-india-and-china-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Deepak M Kasote, Suresh D Jagtap, Dinesh Thapa, Mahendra S Khyade, Wendy R Russell
ETHANOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The process of formation or appearance of a urinary stone anywhere in the renal tract is known as urolithiasis. It is a longstanding health problem, known to exist since early age of civilization. Records about symptoms, signs and treatment strategies of urinary stones diseases are found in the several ancient texts of traditional medicines such as Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Siddha and Unani. In Ayurveda, urolithiasis has been considered as one of the eight most troublesome diseases...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343985/functional-connectivity-dynamically-evolves-on-multiple-time-scales-over-a-static-structural-connectome-models-and-mechanisms
#4
REVIEW
Joana Cabral, Morten Kringelbach, Gustavo Deco
Over the last decade, we have observed a revolution in brain structural and functional Connectomics. On one hand, we have an ever-more detailed characterization of the brain's white matter structural connectome. On the other, we have a repertoire of consistent functional networks that form and dissipate over time during rest. Despite the evident spatial similarities between structural and functional connectivity, understanding how different time-evolving functional networks spontaneously emerge from a single structural network requires analyzing the problem from the perspective of complex network dynamics and dynamical system's theory...
March 23, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341617/internet-delivered-health-interventions-that-work-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-evaluation-of-website-availability
#5
Mary Am Rogers, Kelsey Lemmen, Rachel Kramer, Jason Mann, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Due to easy access and low cost, Internet-delivered therapies offer an attractive alternative to improving health. Although numerous websites contain health-related information, finding evidence-based programs (as demonstrated through randomized controlled trials, RCTs) can be challenging. We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global systematic review and analyzing the availability of evidence-based Internet health programs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336206/toxic-metal-pollution-in-the-yellow-sea-and-bohai-sea-china-distribution-controlling-factors-and-potential-risk
#6
Cailing Xiao, Huimin Jian, Lufeng Chen, Chang Liu, Huayang Gao, Chuansong Zhang, Shengkang Liang, Yanbin Li
The Bohai Sea (BS) and Yellow Sea (YS), which are adjacent to the most urbanized and industrialized areas in China, are facing a variety of environmental problems. Two cruises were conducted to investigate the pollution status of toxic metals in BS and YS sediments. They generally presented a decreasing trend from near shore to offshore. In addition, two high concentration areas were observed in the central south YS and north of the Shandong Peninsula. The results of multiple regression analyses suggest that Hg is mainly controlled by anthropogenic loading, whereas for Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn, sediment properties, especially the Fe oxides content, play a more important role...
March 20, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336159/the-anticholinergic-impregnation-scale-towards-the-elaboration-of-a-scale-adapted-to-prescriptions-in-french-psychiatric-settings
#7
Jeanne Briet, Hervé Javelot, Edwige Heitzmann, Luisa Weiner, Catherine Lameira, Philippe D'Athis, Marie Corneloup, Jean-Louis Vailleau
PURPOSE: Some drugs have anticholinergic activity and can cause peripheral or central side effects. Several scales exist to evaluate the potential anticholinergic effect of prescribed drugs but: (i) they are validated in the elderly and mainly assess the cognitive side effect of treatments; (ii) they do not concern some of the drugs frequently used in clinical psychiatry in France. The aim of our study is to develop a new scale, the anticholinergic impregnation scale (AIS), with drugs used in France and based on an assessment of the drugs used against peripheral anticholinergic adverse effects...
February 17, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335718/rnav-2-0-a-visualization-tool-for-bacterial-srna-mediated-regulatory-networks-mining
#8
Romain Bourqui, Isabelle Dutour, Jonathan Dubois, William Benchimol, Patricia Thébault
BACKGROUND: Bacterial sRNA-mediated regulatory networks has been introduced as a powerful way to analyze the fast rewiring capabilities of a bacteria in response to changing environmental conditions. The identification of mRNA targets of bacterial sRNAs is essential to investigate their functional activities. However, this step remains challenging with the lack of knowledge of the topological and biological constraints behind the formation of sRNA-mRNA duplexes. Even with the most sophisticated bioinformatics target prediction tools, the large proportion of false predictions may be prohibitive for further analyses...
March 23, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332939/pediatric-asthma-hospitalizations-among-urban-minority-children-and-the-continuity-of-primary-care
#9
Levon H Utidjian, Alexander G Fiks, A Russell Localio, Lihai Song, Mark J Ramos, Ron Keren, Louis M Bell, Robert W Grundmeier
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of ambulatory health care processes on asthma hospitalizations. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using electronic health records was completed. Patients aged 2-18 years receiving health care from 1 of 5 urban practices between Jan 1, 2004 and Dec 31, 2008 with asthma documented on their problem list were included. Independent variables were modifiable health care processes in the primary care setting: (1) use of asthma controller medications; (2) regular assessment of asthma symptoms; (3) use of spirometry; (4) provision of individualized asthma care plans; (5) timely influenza vaccination; (6) access to primary healthcare; and (7) use of pay for performance physician incentives...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332012/-frequency-of-falls-among-clients-of-home-care-services-the-importance-of-care-related-and-social-risk-factors
#10
A Rommel, J Kottner, R Suhr, N Lahmann
BACKGROUND: Among the elderly falls frequently result in injuries, increase the need for long-term care and pose a challenge for the quality assurance in nursing care. We describe the frequency and risk factors of falls among care-dependent persons using home care services in Germany. METHODS: The participants of the study "Nursing-related health problems in home care" (n = 880) were recruited based on a list of the officially accredited nursing services. Data collection followed a standardized study protocol...
March 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328839/association-between-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-fitness-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Alberto Bermejo-Cantarero, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Vicente Martinez-Vizcaino, Antonio García-Hermoso, Ana Isabel Torres-Costoso, Mairena Sánchez-López
BACKGROUND: Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is a subjective, multidimensional and changing over time construct. When HRQoL is decreased, a child is less likely to be able to develop normally and mature into a healthy adult. Physical inactivity is a priority public health problem. Evidence suggests how even moderate levels of physical activity or high fitness levels are associated with benefits for the health in children and adolescents. The aims of this systematic review are to examine the evidence about the relationship between physical activity, sedentary behavior, and fitness with HRQoL, and estimate the effects of interventions that have tested the effectiveness of the increase of the physical activity, the improvement of the physical fitness or the avoidance of sedentary behaviors in HRQoL in healthy subjects aged under 18 years old...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327677/access-to-drugs-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-in-primary-health-facilities
#12
A K Thapa, N Ghimire, S R Adhikari
BACKGROUND: The Government of Nepal promulgated health as a human right via Interim constitution and implemented Free Health Service Program in 2008 as a commitment to universalize basic health care services. So, the aim of this study was to understand reported access to medicine and health care services received by outpatients in public primary facilities. METHODS: The study followed cross sectional study design. Two hundred and thirty-four For data 234 out patients were interviewed on the day of the field visit in March and October 2014 across 28 primary health facilities of seven purposively selected districts representing three ecological belts and five development regions of the country...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327082/out-of-hours-care-in-germany-high-utilization-by-adult-patients-with-minor-ailments
#13
R Leutgeb, P Engeser, S Berger, J Szecsenyi, G Laux
BACKGROUND: Family practitioners (FPs) who work in Out-Of-Hours Care (OOHC) - especially in rural areas - complain about high workload related to low urgency and potentially unnecessary patient presentations with minor ailments. The aim of this study was to describe Reasons for Encounter (RFEs) in primary OOHC taken into account the doctor's perspective in the context of high workload without knowing patients' motives for visiting an OOHC-centre. METHODS: Within this descriptive study, OOHC data from 2012 were evaluated from a German statutory health insurance company in the federal state of Baden-Wuerttemberg...
March 21, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323058/executive-functioning-in-a-racially-diverse-sample-of-children-who-are-overweight-and-at-risk-for-eating-disorders
#14
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Setareh O'Brien, Jason M Lavender, Carolyn M Pearson, Daniel Le Grange, Scott J Hunter
Difficulties with executive functioning may underlie both overweight and loss of control (LOC) eating behavior across the age spectrum, but there is a relative paucity of research in children with both conditions. This study aimed to characterize general executive functioning among children with overweight and LOC eating as compared to their overweight and normal-weight peers. Participants were 75 racially diverse children (58.7% female; 81.3% African-American), aged 9-12y (M age = 10.5 ± 1.1), of whom 26 were overweight/obese and endorsed LOC eating (OW-LOC), 34 were overweight controls (OW-CON), and 15 were normal-weight controls (NW-CON)...
March 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320337/barriers-and-facilitators-to-use-of-non-pharmacological-treatments-in-chronic-pain
#15
William C Becker, Lindsey Dorflinger, Sara N Edmond, Leila Islam, Alicia A Heapy, Liana Fraenkel
BACKGROUND: Consensus guidelines recommend multi-modal chronic pain treatment with increased uptake of non-pharmacological pain treatment modalities (NPMs). We aimed to identify the barriers and facilitators to uptake of evidence-based NPMs from the perspectives of patients, nurses and primary care providers (PCPs). METHODS: We convened eight separate groups and engaged each in a Nominal Group Technique (NGT) in which participants: (1) created an individual list of barriers (and, in a subsequent round, facilitators) to uptake of NPMs; (2) compiled a group list from the individual lists; and (3) anonymously voted on the top three most important barriers and facilitators...
March 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318783/balancing-the-problem-list-with-an-advantage-inventory
#16
Sarah H Kagan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301669/population-genetic-analysis-and-conservation-strategies-for-redtail-shrimp-fenneropenaeus-penicillatus-using-ten-microsatellite-markers
#17
Y Y Cao, J B Shangguan, Z B Li
Fenneropenaeus penicillatus, which is on the Red List of Endangered Species for China, is an important shrimp species. However, there is not enough genetic information on F. penicillatus for conservation and management purposes. Ten microsatellite markers were used to analyze the genetic diversity, genetic differentiation, and population structure of F. penicillatus to provide scientific information for the conservation of the species. Low genetic diversity and moderate genetic differentiation were found among 12 putative populations [Beihai, Dongshan (DS), Hainan (HN), Lianjiang, Nanao (NA), Ningde (ND), Putian, Quanzhou (QZ), Xiamen (XM), Shenzhen, Zhanjiang, and Zhangpu] along the southeast coast of China...
March 15, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299031/continuity-of-care-evaluation-the-view-of-patients-and-professionals-about-urban-family-physician-program
#18
Vahid Kohpeima Jahromi, Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhassani, Reza Dehnavieh, Hosein Saberi Anari
BACKGROUND: A responsibility of the family physician (FP) and one of the four aspects of the delivery of primary care services is continuity of care (COC). This study aimed to determine the COC of health care in urban health centers. METHODS: Between September 2015 and March 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional study using Primary Care Evaluation Tool questionnaires with multistage stratified cluster sample of FPs (n = 141) and patients (n = 710) in two provinces in Iran, Fars and Mazandaran...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295159/first-and-second-trimester-serum-tests-with-and-without-first-trimester-ultrasound-tests-for-down-s-syndrome-screening
#19
REVIEW
S Kate Alldred, Yemisi Takwoingi, Boliang Guo, Mary Pennant, Jonathan J Deeks, James P Neilson, Zarko Alfirevic
BACKGROUND: Down's syndrome occurs when a person has three copies of chromosome 21 (or the specific area of chromosome 21 implicated in causing Down's syndrome) rather than two. It is the commonest congenital cause of mental disability. Non-invasive screening based on biochemical analysis of maternal serum or urine, or fetal ultrasound measurements, allows estimates of the risk of a pregnancy being affected and provides information to guide decisions about definitive testing.  Before agreeing to screening tests, parents need to be fully informed about the risks, benefits and possible consequences of such a test...
March 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295158/first-trimester-ultrasound-tests-alone-or-in-combination-with-first-trimester-serum-tests-for-down-s-syndrome-screening
#20
REVIEW
S Kate Alldred, Yemisi Takwoingi, Boliang Guo, Mary Pennant, Jonathan J Deeks, James P Neilson, Zarko Alfirevic
BACKGROUND: Down's syndrome occurs when a person has three, rather than two copies of chromosome 21; or the specific area of chromosome 21 implicated in causing Down's syndrome. It is the commonest congenital cause of mental disability and also leads to numerous metabolic and structural problems. It can be life-threatening, or lead to considerable ill health, although some individuals have only mild problems and can lead relatively normal lives. Having a baby with Down's syndrome is likely to have a significant impact on family life...
March 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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