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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617627/effect-of-position-time-in-the-season-and-playing-surface-on-achilles-tendon-ruptures-in-nfl-games-a-2009-10-to-2016-17-review
#1
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Matthew L Krill, Timothy E Hewett
OBJECTIVES: Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures are a potentially career-altering and ending injury. Achilles tendon ruptures have a below average return-to-play rate compared to other common orthopaedic procedures for National Football League (NFL) players. The objective of this study was to monitor the incidence and injury rates (IR) of AT ruptures that occurred during the regular season in order to evaluate the influence of player position, time of injury, and playing surface on rupture rates...
June 15, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610105/the-final-stadium-larva-of-i-euphaea-i-i-decorata-i-hagen-in-selys-1853-from-fujian-china-odonata-zygoptera-euphaeidae
#2
Qi-Han Xu
The final stadium larva of Euphaea decorata Hagen in Selys is described and illustrated for the first time. The larva of E. decorata is typical of the genus and characterized by having a flat and long body with large saccoid caudal gills, seven pairs of lateral abdominal gills, two or three large and sharp spines in front of the ventral margin of the eyes, and tridentate palpal lobes of the prementum. The supposed larva of Rhipidolestes nectans is corrected to that of an unknown Euphaeidae. Known Euphaea larvae are shown to be generally very similar, but an old report suggests that the Indian species E...
March 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551742/human-health-risk-exposure-with-respect-to-particulate-bound-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-at-mine-fire-affected-coal-mining-complex
#3
Debananda Roy, Yong-Chil Seo, Sweta Sinha, Abir Bhattacharya, Gurdeep Singh, Pallab Kr Biswas
Particulate-bound poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are of great concern due to their mutagenicity and carcinogenicity effect on human health. In this context, identification, quantification and inhalation cancer risk (ICR) assessment due to PM10- and PM2.5-bound PAHs has been carried out at six monitoring stations in a critically polluted Jharia coalfield/Dhanbad City. Identification of pollution sources at study area has been performed by using PCA statistical methods. Air quality index (AQI) and air quality health index (AQHI) were calculated based on the concentration levels of PM10...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488823/intra-system-reliability-of-sics-video-tracking-system-digital-stadium%C3%A2-for-performance-analysis-in-football
#4
Marco Beato, Mikael Jamil
BACKGROUND: The correct evaluation of external load parameters is a key factor in professional football. The instrumentations usually utilised to quantify the external load parameters during official matches are Video-Tracking Systems (VTS). VTS is a technology that records two- dimensional position data (x and y) at high sampling rates (over 25 Hz). The aim of this study was to evaluate the intra-system reliability of Digital.Stadium® VTS. METHODS: 28 professional male football players taking part in the Italian Serie A (age 24 ± 6 years, body mass 79...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426305/us-public-opinion-on-carrying-firearms-in-public-places
#5
Julia A Wolfson, Stephen P Teret, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
OBJECTIVES: To estimate US public opinion, overall and by gun ownership status, about the public places where legal gun owners should be allowed to carry firearms. METHODS: We fielded an online survey among 3949 adults, including an oversample of gun owners and veterans, in April 2015. We used cross-tabulations with survey weights to generate nationally representative estimates. RESULTS: Fewer than 1 in 3 US adults supported gun carrying in any of the specified venues...
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397651/-transmission-of-and-infection-with-human-papillomavirus-in-the-oropharynx
#6
Anne Bohr, Christian Grønhøj, Christel Lajer, Jan Gerstoft, Christian von Buchwald
The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer is rising in the Western world, but little is known about transmission of the infection and the premalignant phase of the disease. In this article there is an overview of current knowledge with focus on transmission of HPV and risk factors which may lead to persistent infection and eventually cancer. Furthermore, there is a discussion about issues concerning the ability to measure and detect infection and the premalignant stadium in the oropharyngeal tissue...
March 27, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377994/data-on-subgroup-specific-baseline-characteristics-and-serum-sphingosine-1-phosphate-concentrations-in-the-study-of-health-in-pomerania
#7
Eileen Moritz, Danilo Wegner, Stefan Groß, Martin Bahls, Marcus Dörr, Stephan B Felix, Till Ittermann, Stefan Oswald, Matthias Nauck, Nele Friedrich, Rainer H Böger, Günter Daum, Edzard Schwedhelm, Bernhard H Rauch
In this data article, we provide subgroup specific baseline characteristics and serum sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) concentrations for healthy individuals within the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP)-TREND cohort. After exclusion of subjects with cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, elevated liver enzymes and/or chronic kidney disease stadium III or IV, four subgroups were defined according to different limits for body mass index (BMI), alterations in blood lipid levels and smoking status...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365708/resistenzentwicklung-und-pr%C3%A3-diktive-marker-beim-metastasierten-prostatakarzinom
#8
Christof Bernemann, Martin Bögemann, Julie Steinestel, Andreas Jan Schrader
Anders als bei vielen anderen Krebserkrankungen gab es beim Prostatakarzinom lange Zeit keinen Ansatz für eine individualisierte Therapie. Seit der Zulassung von mehreren modernen Wirkstoffen für die Therapie des fortgeschrittenen Stadiums ändert sich dies allmählich. Zunächst galt die Androgenrezeptor-Splice-Variante AR-V7 als vielversprechender Biomarker für die Therapiesteuerung, woran sich zunehmend Zweifel mehren. Inzwischen gibt es jedoch eine Reihe von weiteren neuen, noch nicht zugelassenen und nicht (nur) auf den Androgenrezeptor fokussierenden Therapieansätzen, die auch beim fortgeschrittenen Prostatakarzinom eine personalisierte Medizin wahrscheinlicher machen...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365706/metastasiertes-kastrationsresistentes-prostatakarzinom-grunds%C3%A3-tzliche-therapieoptionen-und-progression
#9
David Pfister
In der Entwicklung des Prostatakarzinoms spielen Androgene und der Androgenrezeptor eine zentrale Rolle. Über Jahrzehnte war die konventionelle Androgendeprivationstherapie (ADT) die wichtigste Behandlungsoption im metastasierten Stadium. Trotz initialen Ansprechens auf eine ADT entwickelt sich im Verlauf in der Regel ein metastasiertes kastrationsresistentes Prostatakarzinom (mCRPC). Für dieses Stadium gab es jahrelang keine Therapie, für die eine Verlängerung des Überlebens gezeigt werden konnte. Dies änderte sich erst 2004 mit der Studie TAX 327 zur Wirksamkeit von Docetaxel...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251301/hydrogen-peroxide-as-a-new-defensive-compound-in-benzoyl-cyanide-producing-polydesmid-millipedes
#10
Yasumasa Kuwahara, Takuya Yamaguchi, Yayoi Ichiki, Tsutomu Tanabe, Yasuhisa Asano
Hydrogen peroxide was newly and simultaneously demonstrated with well-known hydrogen cyanide as a component of defensive secretions of "benzoyl cyanide" producing polydesmid millipedes. Presence of hydrogen peroxide was successively evidenced by Trinder reagent's spray with colorless as well as oily smears of defensive secretions containing benzoyl cyanide and hydrogen cyanide by alkaline picrate paper treatment. Linear correlation was demonstrated between quantities of hydrogen peroxide and benzoyl cyanide...
April 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159438/reference-intervals-for-serum-sphingosine-1-phosphate-in-the-population-based-study-of-health-in-pomerania
#11
Eileen Moritz, Danilo Wegner, Stefan Groß, Martin Bahls, Marcus Dörr, Stephan B Felix, Till Ittermann, Stefan Oswald, Matthias Nauck, Nele Friedrich, Rainer H Böger, Günter Daum, Edzard Schwedhelm, Bernhard H Rauch
BACKGROUND: The bioactive signaling lipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a potential biomarker for cardiovascular disease (CVD). To date, no reference intervals for S1P have been defined. This study aims to establish a reference range for serum S1P in healthy individuals. METHODS: We determined reference intervals for S1P levels according to gender and age in a sample of 1339 healthy participants of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP)-TREND cohort after exclusion of subjects with CVD, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, elevated liver enzymes, chronic kidney disease stadium III or IV, or body mass index (BMI)>30kg/m(2)...
January 31, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113984/random-sets-of-stadiums-in-square-and-collective-behavior-of-bacteria
#12
Roman Czapla
Collective motion of swimmers can be detected by hydrodynamic interactions through the eective (macroscopic) viscosity. It follows form the general hydrodynamics that the eective viscosity of non-dilute random suspensions depends on the shape of particles and of their spacial probabilistic distribution. Therefore, a comparative analysis of disordered and collectively interacting particles of the bacteria shape can be done in terms of the probabilistic geometric parameters which determine the eective viscosity...
September 21, 2016: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058716/long-term-follow-up-of-trigonoplasty-antireflux-operation
#13
Farzaneh Sharifiaghdas, Nastaran Mahmoudnejad, Amir H Kashi, Mehdi H Ramezani, Behzad Narouie
BACKGROUND: Open trigonoplasty antireflux operation has been associated with promising results. However, its success in controlling reflux has not been evaluated in the long term. METHODS: All patients who underwent trigonoplasty for vesicoureteral reflux by one surgeon from 2004 to 2014 were included. Preoperative evaluations included direct radionuclide cystography (DRNC) or voiding cystourethrography, urine analysis and culture and abdominal sonography. Urodynamic study and cystoscopy was performed in selected patients...
December 28, 2016: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992109/the-stadium-effect-rodent-damage-patterns-in-rice-fields-explored-using-giving-up-densities
#14
Clare R Jones, Ma Renee P Lorica, James M Villegas, Angelee F Ramal, Finbarr G Horgan, Grant R Singleton, Alexander M Stuart
Rodents are globally important pre-harvest pests of rice. In South-east Asia, rodent damage to growing rice crops is commonly concentrated towards the center of rice fields, away from the field edge resulting in a clear pattern known as the 'stadium effect'. To further understand this behavior of rodent pests and develop recommendations for future research and management, we examined the relation between giving-up densities (GUDs) and damage patterns. In Tanay, Luzon, Philippines, GUD trays containing pieces of coconut in a matrix of sand were placed at four different distances from the field edge to quantify the perceived risk of predation in a rice field pest, Rattus tanezumi...
December 19, 2016: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980075/effects-of-context-preexposure-and-delay-until-anxiety-retrieval-on-generalization-of-contextual-anxiety
#15
Marta Andreatta, Dorothea Neueder, Evelyn Glotzbach-Schoon, Andreas Mühlberger, Paul Pauli
Animal studies suggest that time delay between acquisition and retrieval of contextual anxiety increases generalization. Moreover, such generalization is prevented by preexposure to the context (CTX), presumably due to an improved representation of such context. We investigated whether preexposure and time-passing modulate generalization of contextual anxiety, in humans. On Day 1, 42 participants (preexposure group) explored two virtual offices, while 41 participants (no-preexposure group) explored a virtual stadium...
January 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979928/lc-ms-ms-method-for-analysis-of-benzodiazepines-in-wastewater-during-football-games-iv
#16
Brandon Stamper, Waseem Gul, Murrell Godfrey, Shahbaz W Gul, Mahmoud A ElSohly
Continuing our studies for the analyses of drugs of abuse in municipal wastewater, a method was developed for the analysis of benzodiazepines in wastewater samples using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS). Ten benzodiazepines and metabolites were analyzed (structures were found), including alprazolam, α-OH-alprazolam (the primary urinary metabolite of alprazolam), chlordiazepoxide, flurazepam, 2-OH-ethylflurazepam (the primary urinary metabolite of flurazepam), 7-NH2-flunitrazepam, nordiazepam, oxazepam, temazepam and α-OH-triazolam (the primary urinary metabolite of triazolam) (representative chromatograms were found)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908009/rotating-leaks-in-the-stadium-billiard
#17
B Appelbe
The open stadium billiard has a survival probability, P(t), that depends on the rate of escape of particles through the leak. It is known that the decay of P(t) is exponential early in time while for long times the decay follows a power law. In this work, we investigate an open stadium billiard in which the leak is free to rotate around the boundary of the stadium at a constant velocity, ω. It is found that P(t) is very sensitive to ω. For certain ω values P(t) is purely exponential while for other values the power law behaviour at long times persists...
November 2016: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809467/fireworks-in-soccer-stadiums-an-amazing-spectacle-for-fans-but-terrible-for-athletes-health-and-sport-performance
#18
Claudio A Delira, Marília S Andrade, Mário H Campos, Rodrigo L Vancini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717101/calmodulin-as-a-downstream-gene-of-octopamine-oar-%C3%AE-1-signalling-mediates-olfactory-attraction-in-gregarious-locusts
#19
L Xu, L Li, P Yang, Z Ma
The migratory locust (Locusta migratoria) shows aggregative traits in nymph marching bands and swarm formations through mutual olfactory attraction of conspecifics. However, olfactory preference in different nymph stages in gregarious locusts is not sufficiently explored. In this study, we found that the nymph olfactory preference for gregarious volatiles exhibited obvious variations at different developmental stages. The gregarious locusts show attractive response to conspecific volatiles from the third stadium...
October 7, 2016: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662681/random-sets-of-stadiums-in-square-and-collective-behavior-of-bacteria
#20
Roman Czapla
Collective motion of swimmers can be detected by hydrodynamic interactions through the eective (macroscopic) viscosity. It follows form the general hydrodynamics that the eective viscosity of non-dilute random suspensions depends on the shape of particles and of their spacial probabilistic distribution. Therefore, a comparative analysis of disordered and collectively interacting particles of the bacteria shape can be done in terms of the probabilistic geometric parameters which determine the eective viscosity...
September 21, 2016: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
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