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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938110/monitoring-harm-perceptions-of-smokeless-tobacco-products-among-u-s-adults-health-information-national-trends-survey-2012-2014-2015
#1
Shari P Feirman, Elisabeth A Donaldson, Mark Parascandola, Kimberly Snyder, Cindy Tworek
INTRODUCTION: Changes to the U.S. smokeless tobacco landscape in recent years include a change to health warnings on packages, the implementation of bans in some stadiums, and the launch of a federal youth prevention campaign. It is unclear whether such changes have impacted consumer beliefs about smokeless tobacco. This study examines relative harm perceptions of smokeless tobacco compared to cigarettes among adults and assesses changes in smokeless tobacco harm perceptions over time...
September 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926442/from-gridiron-to-graves-hiking-from-bulldog-stadium-to-crawford-long-s-resting-place
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804762/-super-bowl-babies-do-counties-with-super-bowl-winning-teams-experience-increases-in-births-nine-months-later
#3
George M Hayward, Anna Rybińska
Following the claim of a highly publicized National Football League (NFL) commercial, we test whether the Super Bowl provides a positive exogenous shock to fertility in counties of winning teams. Using stadium locations to identify teams' counties, we analyze the number of births in counties of both winning and losing teams for ten recent Super Bowls. We also test for state effects and general effects of the NFL playoffs. Overall, our results show no clear pattern of increases in the number of births in winning counties nine months after the Super Bowl...
January 2017: Socius
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771561/fitness-and-food-environments-around-junior-high-schools-in-taiwan-and-their-association-with-body-composition-gender-differences-for-recreational-reading-food-and-beverage-exposures
#4
Po-Huang Chiang, Lin-Yuan Huang, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Hui-Chen Tsou, Mark L Wahlqvist
School environments may contribute to adolescent behavior, reproductive physiology and body composition (BC). The Nutritional and Health Survey in Taiwan (2010) for 1458 junior high school students was geo-mapped for 30 school environs. Facilities for physical activity (fitness centers, gymnasia and sports stadiums, activity centers and parks), sedentary activities (reading material rental shops (RMRS), internet cafes) and food and beverage outlets (FBOs) were calculated as weighted numbers within 1000m of schools...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766724/a-methodology-based-on-insecticide-impregnated-filter-paper-for-monitoring-resistance-to-deltamethrin-in-triatoma-infestans-field-populations
#5
C Remón, P Lobbia, E Zerba, G Mougabure-Cueto
The domiciliary presence of Triatoma infestans (Klug) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) after control interventions was reported in recent years. Toxicological studies showed high levels of resistance to pyrethroids suggesting resistance as one of the main causes of deficient control. The aim of the present study was to develop a protocol to test resistance to deltamethrin in T. infestans collected from the field by discriminate concentration. To evaluate field insects, the effect of age (early vs. later) and nutritional state (starved vs...
August 2, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761479/surveillance-and-molecular-identification-of-acanthamoeba-and-naegleria-species-in-two-swimming-pools-in-alexandria-university-egypt
#6
Ahmad Z Al-Herrawy, Mahmoud I Khalil, Soheir S El-Sherif, Fatima A E Omar, Wael M Lotfy
BACKGROUND: Swimming in contaminated water was reported to be associated with Acanthamoeba and N. fowleri human infections. The present study was carried out with the aim of isolation and identification of the different species of Acanthamoeba and Naegleria from two swimming pools in Alexandria University. METHODS: Samples were collected from the swimming pools of Alexandria University Stadium and Faculty of Agriculture-Alexandria University during the period from May 2012 to April 2013...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753926/the-prostaglandin-ep3-receptor-is-an-independent-negative-prognostic-factor-for-cervical-cancer-patients
#7
Helene Heidegger, Sebastian Dietlmeier, Yao Ye, Christina Kuhn, Aurelia Vattai, Caroline Aberl, Udo Jeschke, Sven Mahner, Bernd Kost
We know that one of the main risk factors for cervical cancer is an infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV). Prostaglandins and their receptors are very important for the tumour growth and tumour-associated angiogenesis. Little is known about the expression of the Prostaglandin E receptor type 3 (EP3) or the Prostaglandin (PG)E₂-EP3 signalling in cervical cancer, so the aim of the study was to analyse the expression of the EP3 receptor in cervical cancer and find prognostic factors in relation to survival; EP3 immunohistological staining of 250 cervical cancer slides was performed and analysed with a semi-quantitative score...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677189/radiosensibilisierung-durch-braf-inhibitoren
#8
Sophia Boyoung Strobel, Sylvie Pätzold, Lisa Zimmer, Alexandra Jensen, Alexander Enk, Jessica Cecile Hassel
HINTERGRUND: In der letzten Zeit wurden in der Literatur vermehrt erhöhte Hauttoxizitäten während einer Kombinationstherapie mit BRAF Inhibitoren und Radiotherapie beschrieben. MATERIAL UND METHODIK: Wir berichten über sieben Melanompatienten in einem nicht resezierbaren Stadium III oder IV, die eine kombinierte Behandlung aus Bestrahlung und BRAF-Inhibitor erhielten. ERGEBNISSE: Bei allen Patienten konnte durch die Kombinationstherapie ein gutes lokales Ansprechen erreicht werden...
July 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617627/effect-of-position-time-in-the-season-and-playing-surface-on-achilles-tendon-ruptures-in-nfl-games-a-2009-10-to-2016-17-review
#9
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Matthew L Krill, Timothy E Hewett
OBJECTIVES: Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures are a potentially career-altering and ending injury. Achilles tendon ruptures have a below average return-to-play rate compared to other common orthopaedic procedures for National Football League (NFL) players. The objective of this study was to monitor the incidence and injury rates (IR) of AT ruptures that occurred during the regular season in order to evaluate the influence of player position, time of injury, and playing surface on rupture rates...
June 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610105/the-final-stadium-larva-of-i-euphaea-i-i-decorata-i-hagen-in-selys-1853-from-fujian-china-odonata-zygoptera-euphaeidae
#10
Qi-Han Xu
The final stadium larva of Euphaea decorata Hagen in Selys is described and illustrated for the first time. The larva of E. decorata is typical of the genus and characterized by having a flat and long body with large saccoid caudal gills, seven pairs of lateral abdominal gills, two or three large and sharp spines in front of the ventral margin of the eyes, and tridentate palpal lobes of the prementum. The supposed larva of Rhipidolestes nectans is corrected to that of an unknown Euphaeidae. Known Euphaea larvae are shown to be generally very similar, but an old report suggests that the Indian species E...
March 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551742/human-health-risk-exposure-with-respect-to-particulate-bound-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-at-mine-fire-affected-coal-mining-complex
#11
Debananda Roy, Yong-Chil Seo, Sweta Sinha, Abir Bhattacharya, Gurdeep Singh, Pallab Kr Biswas
Particulate-bound poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are of great concern due to their mutagenicity and carcinogenicity effect on human health. In this context, identification, quantification and inhalation cancer risk (ICR) assessment due to PM10- and PM2.5-bound PAHs has been carried out at six monitoring stations in a critically polluted Jharia coalfield/Dhanbad City. Identification of pollution sources at study area has been performed by using PCA statistical methods. Air quality index (AQI) and air quality health index (AQHI) were calculated based on the concentration levels of PM10...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488823/intra-system-reliability-of-sics-video-tracking-system-digital-stadium%C3%A2-for-performance-analysis-in-football
#12
Marco Beato, Mikael Jamil
BACKGROUND: The correct evaluation of external load parameters is a key factor in professional football. The instrumentations usually utilised to quantify the external load parameters during official matches are Video-Tracking Systems (VTS). VTS is a technology that records two- dimensional position data (x and y) at high sampling rates (over 25 Hz). The aim of this study was to evaluate the intra-system reliability of Digital.Stadium® VTS. METHODS: 28 professional male football players taking part in the Italian Serie A (age 24 ± 6 years, body mass 79...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426305/us-public-opinion-on-carrying-firearms-in-public-places
#13
Julia A Wolfson, Stephen P Teret, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
OBJECTIVES: To estimate US public opinion, overall and by gun ownership status, about the public places where legal gun owners should be allowed to carry firearms. METHODS: We fielded an online survey among 3949 adults, including an oversample of gun owners and veterans, in April 2015. We used cross-tabulations with survey weights to generate nationally representative estimates. RESULTS: Fewer than 1 in 3 US adults supported gun carrying in any of the specified venues...
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397651/-transmission-of-and-infection-with-human-papillomavirus-in-the-oropharynx
#14
Anne Bohr, Christian Grønhøj, Christel Lajer, Jan Gerstoft, Christian von Buchwald
The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer is rising in the Western world, but little is known about transmission of the infection and the premalignant phase of the disease. In this article there is an overview of current knowledge with focus on transmission of HPV and risk factors which may lead to persistent infection and eventually cancer. Furthermore, there is a discussion about issues concerning the ability to measure and detect infection and the premalignant stadium in the oropharyngeal tissue...
March 27, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377994/data-on-subgroup-specific-baseline-characteristics-and-serum-sphingosine-1-phosphate-concentrations-in-the-study-of-health-in-pomerania
#15
Eileen Moritz, Danilo Wegner, Stefan Groß, Martin Bahls, Marcus Dörr, Stephan B Felix, Till Ittermann, Stefan Oswald, Matthias Nauck, Nele Friedrich, Rainer H Böger, Günter Daum, Edzard Schwedhelm, Bernhard H Rauch
In this data article, we provide subgroup specific baseline characteristics and serum sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) concentrations for healthy individuals within the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP)-TREND cohort. After exclusion of subjects with cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, elevated liver enzymes and/or chronic kidney disease stadium III or IV, four subgroups were defined according to different limits for body mass index (BMI), alterations in blood lipid levels and smoking status...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365708/resistenzentwicklung-und-pr%C3%A3-diktive-marker-beim-metastasierten-prostatakarzinom
#16
Christof Bernemann, Martin Bögemann, Julie Steinestel, Andreas Jan Schrader
Anders als bei vielen anderen Krebserkrankungen gab es beim Prostatakarzinom lange Zeit keinen Ansatz für eine individualisierte Therapie. Seit der Zulassung von mehreren modernen Wirkstoffen für die Therapie des fortgeschrittenen Stadiums ändert sich dies allmählich. Zunächst galt die Androgenrezeptor-Splice-Variante AR-V7 als vielversprechender Biomarker für die Therapiesteuerung, woran sich zunehmend Zweifel mehren. Inzwischen gibt es jedoch eine Reihe von weiteren neuen, noch nicht zugelassenen und nicht (nur) auf den Androgenrezeptor fokussierenden Therapieansätzen, die auch beim fortgeschrittenen Prostatakarzinom eine personalisierte Medizin wahrscheinlicher machen...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365706/metastasiertes-kastrationsresistentes-prostatakarzinom-grunds%C3%A3-tzliche-therapieoptionen-und-progression
#17
David Pfister
In der Entwicklung des Prostatakarzinoms spielen Androgene und der Androgenrezeptor eine zentrale Rolle. Über Jahrzehnte war die konventionelle Androgendeprivationstherapie (ADT) die wichtigste Behandlungsoption im metastasierten Stadium. Trotz initialen Ansprechens auf eine ADT entwickelt sich im Verlauf in der Regel ein metastasiertes kastrationsresistentes Prostatakarzinom (mCRPC). Für dieses Stadium gab es jahrelang keine Therapie, für die eine Verlängerung des Überlebens gezeigt werden konnte. Dies änderte sich erst 2004 mit der Studie TAX 327 zur Wirksamkeit von Docetaxel...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251301/hydrogen-peroxide-as-a-new-defensive-compound-in-benzoyl-cyanide-producing-polydesmid-millipedes
#18
Yasumasa Kuwahara, Takuya Yamaguchi, Yayoi Ichiki, Tsutomu Tanabe, Yasuhisa Asano
Hydrogen peroxide was newly and simultaneously demonstrated with well-known hydrogen cyanide as a component of defensive secretions of "benzoyl cyanide" producing polydesmid millipedes. Presence of hydrogen peroxide was successively evidenced by Trinder reagent's spray with colorless as well as oily smears of defensive secretions containing benzoyl cyanide and hydrogen cyanide by alkaline picrate paper treatment. Linear correlation was demonstrated between quantities of hydrogen peroxide and benzoyl cyanide...
April 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159438/reference-intervals-for-serum-sphingosine-1-phosphate-in-the-population-based-study-of-health-in-pomerania
#19
Eileen Moritz, Danilo Wegner, Stefan Groß, Martin Bahls, Marcus Dörr, Stephan B Felix, Till Ittermann, Stefan Oswald, Matthias Nauck, Nele Friedrich, Rainer H Böger, Günter Daum, Edzard Schwedhelm, Bernhard H Rauch
BACKGROUND: The bioactive signaling lipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a potential biomarker for cardiovascular disease (CVD). To date, no reference intervals for S1P have been defined. This study aims to establish a reference range for serum S1P in healthy individuals. METHODS: We determined reference intervals for S1P levels according to gender and age in a sample of 1339 healthy participants of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP)-TREND cohort after exclusion of subjects with CVD, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, elevated liver enzymes, chronic kidney disease stadium III or IV, or body mass index (BMI)>30kg/m(2)...
January 31, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113984/random-sets-of-stadiums-in-square-and-collective-behavior-of-bacteria
#20
Roman Czapla
Collective motion of swimmers can be detected by hydrodynamic interactions through the eective (macroscopic) viscosity. It follows form the general hydrodynamics that the eective viscosity of non-dilute random suspensions depends on the shape of particles and of their spacial probabilistic distribution. Therefore, a comparative analysis of disordered and collectively interacting particles of the bacteria shape can be done in terms of the probabilistic geometric parameters which determine the eective viscosity...
September 21, 2016: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
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