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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324933/brachytherapy-in-soft-tissue-tumours-an-interdisciplinary-challenge
#1
Silvanie Volz, Konstantinos Kalousis, Jung In Song, Tobias Kisch, Eike Wenzel, Peter Mailänder
OBJECTIVE: Interdisciplinary work including surgery and additive radiotherapy is often needed for the therapy of tumours. Beneath this, brachytherapy is an important part of the radiotherapy. It was first used over 100 years ago and is in regular use after the development of afterload technology in the early 1970s. Today it is often used in different tumour therapies, for example in soft tissue sarcoma or breast tumours, in order to decrease the risk of local recurrence. Concerning its benefits, higher doses could be used because of the localized effect with equivalent local control rate and less toxicity of treatment...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317675/synchrony-and-physiological-arousal-increase-cohesion-and-cooperation-in-large-naturalistic-groups
#2
Joshua Conrad Jackson, Jonathan Jong, David Bilkey, Harvey Whitehouse, Stefanie Zollmann, Craig McNaughton, Jamin Halberstadt
Separate research streams have identified synchrony and arousal as two factors that might contribute to the effects of human rituals on social cohesion and cooperation. But no research has manipulated these variables in the field to investigate their causal - and potentially interactive - effects on prosocial behaviour. Across four experimental sessions involving large samples of strangers, we manipulated the synchronous and physiologically arousing affordances of a group marching task within a sports stadium...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315267/experimental-evaluation-of-uwb-indoor-positioning-for-sport-postures
#3
Matteo Ridolfi, Stef Vandermeeren, Jense Defraye, Heidi Steendam, Joeri Gerlo, Dirk De Clercq, Jeroen Hoebeke, Eli De Poorter
Radio frequency (RF)-based indoor positioning systems (IPSs) use wireless technologies (including Wi-Fi, Zigbee, Bluetooth, and ultra-wide band (UWB)) to estimate the location of persons in areas where no Global Positioning System (GPS) reception is available, for example in indoor stadiums or sports halls. Of the above-mentioned forms of radio frequency (RF) technology, UWB is considered one of the most accurate approaches because it can provide positioning estimates with centimeter-level accuracy. However, it is not yet known whether UWB can also offer such accurate position estimates during strenuous dynamic activities in which moves are characterized by fast changes in direction and velocity...
January 9, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177211/functional-rehabilitation-in-advanced-intraoral-cancer
#4
Juan P Barret, Jan L Roodenburg
Modern treatment of advanced intraoral cancer involves multidisciplinary teams with use of complicated reconstructive techniques to provide improved survival with optimal rehabilitation. Mastication is an important part of this process, and it can be severely impaired by tumor ablation. Whether flap reconstruction is a determinant factor in dental rehabilitation is still in debate. Patients and methods: Thirty-five patients with advanced intraoral cancer were reviewed to determine dental rehabilitation of different reconstructive techniques...
February 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128528/amblyospora-khaliulini-microsporidia-amblyosporidae-investigations-on-its-life-cycle-and-ecology-in-aedes-communis-diptera-culicidae-and-acanthocyclops-vernalis-copepoda-cyclopidae-with-redescription-of-the-species
#5
Theodore G Andreadis, Michael C Thomas, John J Shepard
A multi-year study was conducted to examine the natural ecology of the microsporidium Amblyospora khaliulini and more fully characterize parasite development and histopathology in all stages of its primary mosquito host, Aedes communis and intermediate copepod host, Acanthocyclops vernalis with redescription of the species. A. khaliulini exhibits polymorphic development, produces three morphologically and functionally distinct spores, and is both horizontally and vertically transmitted. Development in A. vernalis is restricted to females, occurs within the ovaries and results in death of the host...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106897/estimation-and-validation-of-spatio-temporal-parameters-for-sprint-running-using-a-radio-based-tracking-system
#6
Thomas Seidl, Daniel Linke, Martin Lames
Spatio-temporal parameters like step length, step frequency and ground contact time are directly related to sprinting performance. There is still a lack of knowledge, however, on how these parameters interact. Recently, various algorithms for the automatic detection of step parameters during sprint running have been presented which have been based on data from motion capture systems, video cameras, opto-electronic systems or Inertial measurement units. However, all of these methods suffer from at least one of the following shortcomings: they are (a) not applicable for more than one sprinter simultaneously, (b) only capable of capturing a small volume or (c) do not provide accurate spatial parameters...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061055/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-preoperative-tumor-staging-in-testicular-germ-cell-tumors
#7
M Jankovich, T Jankovichova, D Ondrus, J Breza
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate associations of elevated preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with testicular germ cell tumors (GCT) characteristics other than cancer specific survival (CSS) and progression free survival (PFS). BACKGROUND: NLR was recently presented as a widely available and inexpensive marker of poor prognosis in several types of solid tumors. Previous study showed no predictive value of NLR for CSS and PFS in testicular GCT...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056781/the-effect-of-sporting-events-on-medical-transport-time-at-a-level-1-trauma-center-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Patrick Bonasso, Brandon P Lucke-Wold, Mark Riffon, Dustin Long, Alison Wilson, Jennifer Knight
OBJECTIVE: We investigate how West Virginia University football games affect transport to Ruby Memorial Hospital, which shares a parking lot with Milan Puskar Football Stadium. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of a trauma registry from a level 1-trauma center was conducted from 2007 to 2011 for all home and away football games. Home games served as time period of interest and away games served as a control time period. Patient charts were collected for a 36-hour time window surrounding the game...
May 2017: West Virginia Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938110/monitoring-harm-perceptions-of-smokeless-tobacco-products-among-u-s-adults-health-information-national-trends-survey-2012-2014-2015
#9
Shari P Feirman, Elisabeth A Donaldson, Mark Parascandola, Kimberly Snyder, Cindy Tworek
INTRODUCTION: Changes to the U.S. smokeless tobacco landscape in recent years include a change to health warnings on packages, the implementation of bans in some stadiums, and the launch of a federal youth prevention campaign. It is unclear whether such changes have impacted consumer beliefs about smokeless tobacco. This study examines relative harm perceptions of smokeless tobacco compared to cigarettes among adults and assesses changes in smokeless tobacco harm perceptions over time...
September 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926442/from-gridiron-to-graves-hiking-from-bulldog-stadium-to-crawford-long-s-resting-place
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804762/-super-bowl-babies-do-counties-with-super-bowl-winning-teams-experience-increases-in-births-nine-months-later
#11
George M Hayward, Anna Rybińska
Following the claim of a highly publicized National Football League (NFL) commercial, we test whether the Super Bowl provides a positive exogenous shock to fertility in counties of winning teams. Using stadium locations to identify teams' counties, we analyze the number of births in counties of both winning and losing teams for ten recent Super Bowls. We also test for state effects and general effects of the NFL playoffs. Overall, our results show no clear pattern of increases in the number of births in winning counties nine months after the Super Bowl...
January 2017: Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771561/fitness-and-food-environments-around-junior-high-schools-in-taiwan-and-their-association-with-body-composition-gender-differences-for-recreational-reading-food-and-beverage-exposures
#12
Po-Huang Chiang, Lin-Yuan Huang, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Hui-Chen Tsou, Mark L Wahlqvist
School environments may contribute to adolescent behavior, reproductive physiology and body composition (BC). The Nutritional and Health Survey in Taiwan (2010) for 1458 junior high school students was geo-mapped for 30 school environs. Facilities for physical activity (fitness centers, gymnasia and sports stadiums, activity centers and parks), sedentary activities (reading material rental shops (RMRS), internet cafes) and food and beverage outlets (FBOs) were calculated as weighted numbers within 1000m of schools...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766724/a-methodology-based-on-insecticide-impregnated-filter-paper-for-monitoring-resistance-to-deltamethrin-in-triatoma-infestans-field-populations
#13
C Remón, P Lobbia, E Zerba, G Mougabure-Cueto
The domiciliary presence of Triatoma infestans (Klug) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) after control interventions was reported in recent years. Toxicological studies showed high levels of resistance to pyrethroids suggesting resistance as one of the main causes of deficient control. The aim of the present study was to develop a protocol to test resistance to deltamethrin in T. infestans collected from the field by discriminate concentration. To evaluate field insects, the effect of age (early vs. later) and nutritional state (starved vs...
August 2, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761479/surveillance-and-molecular-identification-of-acanthamoeba-and-naegleria-species-in-two-swimming-pools-in-alexandria-university-egypt
#14
Ahmad Z Al-Herrawy, Mahmoud I Khalil, Soheir S El-Sherif, Fatima A E Omar, Wael M Lotfy
BACKGROUND: Swimming in contaminated water was reported to be associated with Acanthamoeba and N. fowleri human infections. The present study was carried out with the aim of isolation and identification of the different species of Acanthamoeba and Naegleria from two swimming pools in Alexandria University. METHODS: Samples were collected from the swimming pools of Alexandria University Stadium and Faculty of Agriculture-Alexandria University during the period from May 2012 to April 2013...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753926/the-prostaglandin-ep3-receptor-is-an-independent-negative-prognostic-factor-for-cervical-cancer-patients
#15
Helene Heidegger, Sebastian Dietlmeier, Yao Ye, Christina Kuhn, Aurelia Vattai, Caroline Aberl, Udo Jeschke, Sven Mahner, Bernd Kost
We know that one of the main risk factors for cervical cancer is an infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV). Prostaglandins and their receptors are very important for the tumour growth and tumour-associated angiogenesis. Little is known about the expression of the Prostaglandin E receptor type 3 (EP3) or the Prostaglandin (PG)E₂-EP3 signalling in cervical cancer, so the aim of the study was to analyse the expression of the EP3 receptor in cervical cancer and find prognostic factors in relation to survival; EP3 immunohistological staining of 250 cervical cancer slides was performed and analysed with a semi-quantitative score...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677189/radiosensibilisierung-durch-braf-inhibitoren
#16
Sophia Boyoung Strobel, Sylvie Pätzold, Lisa Zimmer, Alexandra Jensen, Alexander Enk, Jessica Cecile Hassel
HINTERGRUND: In der letzten Zeit wurden in der Literatur vermehrt erhöhte Hauttoxizitäten während einer Kombinationstherapie mit BRAF Inhibitoren und Radiotherapie beschrieben. MATERIAL UND METHODIK: Wir berichten über sieben Melanompatienten in einem nicht resezierbaren Stadium III oder IV, die eine kombinierte Behandlung aus Bestrahlung und BRAF-Inhibitor erhielten. ERGEBNISSE: Bei allen Patienten konnte durch die Kombinationstherapie ein gutes lokales Ansprechen erreicht werden...
July 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617627/effect-of-position-time-in-the-season-and-playing-surface-on-achilles-tendon-ruptures-in-nfl-games-a-2009-10-to-2016-17-review
#17
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Matthew L Krill, Timothy E Hewett
OBJECTIVES: Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures are a potentially career-altering and ending injury. Achilles tendon ruptures have a below average return-to-play rate compared to other common orthopaedic procedures for National Football League (NFL) players. The objective of this study was to monitor the incidence and injury rates (IR) of AT ruptures that occurred during the regular season in order to evaluate the influence of player position, time of injury, and playing surface on rupture rates...
June 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610105/the-final-stadium-larva-of-i-euphaea-i-i-decorata-i-hagen-in-selys-1853-from-fujian-china-odonata-zygoptera-euphaeidae
#18
Qi-Han Xu
The final stadium larva of Euphaea decorata Hagen in Selys is described and illustrated for the first time. The larva of E. decorata is typical of the genus and characterized by having a flat and long body with large saccoid caudal gills, seven pairs of lateral abdominal gills, two or three large and sharp spines in front of the ventral margin of the eyes, and tridentate palpal lobes of the prementum. The supposed larva of Rhipidolestes nectans is corrected to that of an unknown Euphaeidae. Known Euphaea larvae are shown to be generally very similar, but an old report suggests that the Indian species E...
March 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551742/human-health-risk-exposure-with-respect-to-particulate-bound-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-at-mine-fire-affected-coal-mining-complex
#19
Debananda Roy, Yong-Chil Seo, Sweta Sinha, Abir Bhattacharya, Gurdeep Singh, Pallab Kr Biswas
Particulate-bound poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are of great concern due to their mutagenicity and carcinogenicity effect on human health. In this context, identification, quantification and inhalation cancer risk (ICR) assessment due to PM10- and PM2.5-bound PAHs has been carried out at six monitoring stations in a critically polluted Jharia coalfield/Dhanbad City. Identification of pollution sources at study area has been performed by using PCA statistical methods. Air quality index (AQI) and air quality health index (AQHI) were calculated based on the concentration levels of PM10...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488823/intra-system-reliability-of-sics-video-tracking-system-digital-stadium%C3%A2-for-performance-analysis-in-football
#20
Marco Beato, Mikael Jamil
BACKGROUND: The correct evaluation of external load parameters is a key factor in professional football. The instrumentations usually utilised to quantify the external load parameters during official matches are Video-Tracking Systems (VTS). VTS is a technology that records two- dimensional position data (x and y) at high sampling rates (over 25 Hz). The aim of this study was to evaluate the intra-system reliability of Digital.Stadium® VTS. METHODS: 28 professional male football players taking part in the Italian Serie A (age 24 ± 6 years, body mass 79...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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