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perihilar cholangiocarcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916388/differential-effects-of-fxr-or-tgr5-activation-in-cholangiocarcinoma-progression
#1
O Erice, I Labiano, A Arbelaiz, A Santos-Laso, P Munoz-Garrido, R Jimenez-Agüero, P Olaizola, A Caro-Maldonado, N Martín-Martín, A Carracedo, E Lozano, J J Marin, C J O'Rourke, J B Andersen, J Llop, V Gómez-Vallejo, D Padro, A Martin, M Marzioni, L Adorini, M Trauner, L Bujanda, M J Perugorria, J M Banales
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is an aggressive tumor type affecting cholangiocytes. CCAs frequently arise under certain cholestatic liver conditions. Intrahepatic accumulation of bile acids may facilitate cocarcinogenic effects by triggering an inflammatory response and cholangiocyte proliferation. Here, the role of bile acid receptors FXR and TGR5 in CCA progression was evaluated. METHODS: FXR and TGR5 expression was determined in human CCA tissues and cell lines...
September 12, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913712/surgical-site-infection-is-associated-with-tumor-recurrence-in-patients-with-extrahepatic-biliary-malignancies
#2
Stefan Buettner, Cecilia G Ethun, George Poultsides, Thuy Tran, Kamran Idrees, Chelsea A Isom, Matthew Weiss, Ryan C Fields, Bradley Krasnick, Sharon M Weber, Ahmed Salem, Robert C G Martin, Charles R Scoggins, Perry Shen, Harveshp D Mogal, Carl Schmidt, Eliza Beal, Ioannis Hatzaras, Rivfka Shenoy, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Shishir K Maithel, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSI) are one of the most common complications after hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery. Infectious complications may lead to an associated immune-modulatory effect that inhibits the body's response to cancer surveillance. We sought to define the impact of SSI on long-term prognosis of patients undergoing surgical resection of extrahepatic biliary malignancies (EHBM). METHODS: Patients undergoing surgery for EHBM between 2000 and 2014 were identified using a large, multi-center, national cohort dataset...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890312/clinicopathological-features-and-prognosis-of-advanced-biliary-carcinoma-centered-in-the-cystic-duct
#3
Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Keisuke Okamura, Toru Nakamura, Takehiro Noji, Toshimichi Asano, Kimitaka Tanaka, Toshiaki Shichinohe, Tomoko Mitsuhashi, Satoshi Hirano
BACKGROUND: Whether to classify "advanced (subserosal layer or greater invasion)" biliary carcinoma centered in the cystic duct (BCCD) as gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) or perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHCC) remains unclear. METHODS: The clinicopathological features and overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced BCCD were examined through a comparison with those of patients with advanced PHCC and with GBC. RESULTS: 290 patients were classified as 199 PHCC, 44 GBC, and 47 BCCD...
September 7, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875398/total-hilar-en-bloc-resection-with-left-hemihepatectomy-and-caudate-lobectomy-a-novel-approach-for-treatment-of-left-sided-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma-with-video
#4
Cai De Lu, Jing Huang, Sheng Dong Wu, Yong Fei Hua, Ammar A Javed, Jiong Zhe Fang, Chun Nian Wang, Sheng Ye
BACKGROUND: "Hilar en bloc resection" using a no-touch technique has been advocated as a standard procedure in right-sided hepatectomies for treatment of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC). In principle, it has never been reported for left-sided tumors. The aim is to describe the procedures of total hilar en bloc resection with left hemihepatectomy and caudate lobectomy (THER-LH) for advanced PHC and discuss feasibility and clinical significance of this novel technique. METHODS: A retrospective study using a prospectively maintained database was performed to identify eight patients who had received THER-LH for advanced PHC from January 2013 to December 2015...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864693/ablation-with-irreversible-electroporation-in-patients-with-advanced-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma-alpaca-a-multicentre-phase-i-ii-feasibility-study-protocol
#5
Robert J S Coelen, Jantien A Vogel, Laurien G P H Vroomen, Eva Roos, Olivier R C Busch, Otto M van Delden, Foke van Delft, Michal Heger, Jeanin E van Hooft, Geert Kazemier, Heinz-Josef Klümpen, Krijn P van Lienden, Erik A J Rauws, Hester J Scheffer, Henk M Verheul, Jan de Vries, Johanna W Wilmink, Barbara M Zonderhuis, Marc G Besselink, Thomas M van Gulik, Martijn R Meijerink
INTRODUCTION: The majority of patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC) has locally advanced disease or distant lymph node metastases on presentation or exploratory laparotomy, which makes them not eligible for resection. As the prognosis of patients with locally advanced PHC or lymph node metastases in the palliative setting is significantly better compared with patients with organ metastases, ablative therapies may be beneficial. Unfortunately, current ablative options are limited...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844952/targeting-cholangiocarcinoma
#6
REVIEW
Joachim C Mertens, Sumera Rizvi, Gregory J Gores
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) represents a diverse group of epithelial cancers associated with the biliary tract, and can best be stratified anatomically into intrahepatic (iCCA), perihilar (pCCA) and distal (dCCA) subsets. Molecular profiling has identified genetic aberrations associated with these anatomic subsets. For example, IDH catalytic site mutations and constitutively active FGFR2 fusion genes are predominantly identified in iCCA, whereas KRAS mutations and PRKACB fusions genes are identified in pCCA and dCCA...
August 24, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843035/risk-prediction-of-post-hepatectomy-liver-failure-in-patients-with-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#7
Eung Chang Lee, Sang-Jae Park, Sung-Sik Han, Jae Ryong Shim, Hyeong Min Park, Seung Duk Lee, Seong Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In most patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHCC), major hepatectomy and extrahepatic bile duct resection are needed for surgical radicality, and a high risk of hepatic insufficiency exists. This study aims to develop a prediction model for post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) in patients with PHCC. METHODS: A total of 143 patients who underwent major liver resection and extrahepatic bile duct resection for PHCC between October 2001 and December 2013 were included...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782672/can-we-accurately-predict-survival-in-patients-with-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#8
EDITORIAL
Aaron P Thrift
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756216/current-controversies-in-cholangiocarcinoma
#9
Sergio Hoyos, Maria-Cristina Navas, Juan-Carlos Restrepo, Rafael Claudino Botero
Cholangiocarcinoma represents 10% of primary liver malignancies and accounts for less than 3% of all gastrointestinal malignant tumors, with an enormous geographical variation. This neoplasia can arise from the biliary tract epithelium or hepatic progenitor cells. Depending on the anatomic localization, it is classified into three subtypes: intrahepatic, perihilar and distal. This fact is one of the main difficulties, because there are many studies that indistinctly include the results in the management of these different types of cholangiocarcinoma, without differentiating its location and even including gallbladder cancer...
July 26, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754366/conditional-survival-in-patients-with-unresectable-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#10
Marcia P Gaspersz, Stefan Buettner, Jeroen L A van Vugt, Eva Roos, Robert J S Coelen, Jaynee Vugts, Eric J Belt, Jeroen de Jonge, Wojciech G Polak, François E J A Willemssen, Thomas M van Gulik, Jan N M IJzermans, Bas Groot Koerkamp
BACKGROUND: Conditional survival is the life expectancy from a point in time for a patient who has survived a specific period after presentation. The aim of the study was to estimate conditional survival for patients with unresectable perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Patients with unresectable perihilar cholangiocarcinoma from two academic hospitals in the Netherlands between 2002 and 2012 were assessed. A multivariable Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to identify risk factors associated with overall survival...
July 25, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721561/enbd-is-associated-with-decreased-tumor-dissemination-compared-to-ptbd-in-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#11
Ryota Higuchi, Takehisa Yazawa, Shuichiro Uemura, Wataru Izumo, Rohan Jagat Chaudhary, Toru Furukawa, Masakazu Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the risk of tumor dissemination when percutaneous biliary drainage is used before surgical resection of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC). We aimed to compare the incidence of tumor dissemination after preoperative endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) with that after percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) for PHC. METHODS: Data from 208 consecutive patients who underwent PHC resection between 2000 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717821/-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma-bismuth-type%C3%A2-iv-resection-frequently-possible
#12
O Strobel, M W Büchler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693238/intranuclear-accumulation-of-galectin-3-is-an-independent-prognostic-factor-for-patients-with-distal-cholangiocarcinoma
#13
Tatsuo Shimura, Yasuhide Kofunato, Ryo Okada, Rei Yashima, Yoshihisa Koyama, Kenichiro Araki, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Seiichi Takenoshita
Galectin-3 has been reported to be associated with the prognosis of patients with various malignancies; however, it has not yet been investigated in patients with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EHCC). Expression of galectin-3 was retrospectively examined in 58 patients with EHCC: 21 with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma and 37 with distal cholangiocarcinoma (DCC). The Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify independent prognostic factors. Intranuclear accumulation of galectin-3 (gal-3-INA) was associated with poorer overall survival (OS) in all patients (P=0...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687509/postoperative-liver-failure-risk-score-identifying-patients-with-resectable-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma-who-can-benefit-from-portal-vein-embolization
#14
Pim B Olthof, Jimme K Wiggers, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Robert J Coelen, Peter J Allen, Marc G Besselink, Olivier R Busch, Michael I D'Angelica, Ronald P DeMatteo, T Peter Kingham, Krijn P van Lienden, William R Jarnagin, Thomas M van Gulik
BACKGROUND: Major liver resection for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC) is associated with a 22% to 33% postoperative liver failure incidence. The aim of this study was analyze the predictive value of future liver remnant (FLR) volume for postoperative liver failure after resection for PHC and to develop a risk score to improve patient selection for portal vein embolization. STUDY DESIGN: A consecutive series of 217 patients underwent major liver resection for PHC between 1997 and 2014 at 2 Western centers; FLR volumes were calculated with CT volumetry; other variables included jaundice at presentation, immediate preoperative bilirubin, and preoperative cholangitis...
September 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687148/-99m-tc-mebrofenin-hepatobiliary-scintigraphy-predicts-liver-failure-following-major-liver-resection-for-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#15
Pim B Olthof, Robert J S Coelen, Roelof J Bennink, Michal Heger, Meng F Lam, Marc G Besselink, Olivier R Busch, Krijn P van Lienden, Thomas M van Gulik
BACKGROUND: Posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is a threatening complication after liver surgery, especially in perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC). This study aimed to assess the value of preoperative assessment of liver function using (99m)Tc-mebrofenin hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS) to predict PHLF in comparison with liver volume in PHC patients. METHODS: All patients who underwent resection of suspected PHC in a single center between 2000 and 2015 were included in the analysis...
July 4, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675366/curative-intent-surgery-for-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma-with-and-without-portal-vein-resection-a-comparative-analysis-of-early-and-late-outcomes
#16
Traian Dumitraşcu, Cezar Stroescu, Vladislav Braşoveanu, Vlad Herlea, Mihnea Ionescu, Irinel Popescu
Introduction: The safety of portal vein resection (PVR) during surgery for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC) has been demonstrated in Asia, America, and Western Europe. However, no data about this topic are reported from Eastern Europe. The aim of the present study is to comparatively assess the early and long-term outcomes after resection for PHC with and without PVR. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The data of 21 patients with PVR were compared with those of 102 patients with a curative-intent surgery for PHC without PVR...
May 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675356/current-management-of-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma-and-future-perspectives
#17
Heather L Lewis, Amir A Rahnemai-Azar, Mary Dillhoff, Carl R Schmidt, Timothy M Pawlik
Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma is the most common type of biliary tract cancer and is associated with a high mortality, usually due to late presentation. High-resolution cross-sectional imaging modalities are necessary for diagnosis and preoperative planning. Although surgical resection with negative margins offers the only hope for cure, only a small subset of patients are amenable for surgery at the time of diagnosis. Portal vein embolization and biliary tract decompression are important in some patients prior to surgical resection...
May 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668872/impact-and-prediction-of-lymph-node-involvement-in-patients-with-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-after-curative-resection
#18
Noboru Harada, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Yuji Soejima, Toru Ikegami, Norifumi Harimoto, Shinji Itoh, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the preoperative predictors of prognosis in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) undergoing resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 90 patients with ICC who underwent surgical resection, including 59 in whom surgery was considered curative, and measured the overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), and other outcomes and potential prognostic factors. RESULTS: Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that tumor in the resection margins (R>0) independently predicted long-term OS in the whole cohort...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645247/the-correlation-between-poor-prognosis-and-increased-yes-associated-protein-1-expression-in-keratin-19-expressing-hepatocellular-carcinomas-and-cholangiocarcinomas
#19
KyuHo Lee, Kyoung-Bun Lee, Hae Yoen Jung, Nam-Joon Yi, Kwang-Woong Lee, Kyung-Suk Suh, Ja-June Jang
BACKGROUND: The Hippo pathway plays a vital role in liver regeneration and development by determining cellular lineage and regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis. In this study, we aimed to assess the role of the Hippo pathway in hepatic carcinogenesis and morphogenesis by examining Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) expression in the spectrum of hepatic carcinomas based on cellular lineage. METHODS: We examined 913 primary hepatic carcinomas, including hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinomas (cHC-CCAs), intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (IHCCAs) and perihilar extrahepatic bile duct carcinomas (EHBCAs)...
June 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640107/a-nomogram-prediction-of-postoperative-surgical-site-infections-in-patients-with-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#20
Long Li, Jie Ding, Jun Han, Hong Wu
Surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the major morbidities after radical resection for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHCC). This study aimed to clarify the risk factors and construct a nomogram to predict SSIs in patients with PHCC.A total of 335 consecutive patients who underwent hepatectomy combined with hepaticojejunostomy between January 2013 and December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. SSIs, including incisional (superficial and deep) and space/organ infection, were defined according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) system...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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