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Shenyi Lian, Lin Meng, Yongyong Yang, Ting Ma, Xiaofang Xing, Qin Feng, Qian Song, Caiyun Liu, Zhihua Tian, Like Qu, Chengchao Shou
Phosphatase of regenerating liver (PRL-3) promotes cell invasiveness, but its role in genomic integrity remains unknown. We report here that shelterin component RAP1 mediates association between PRL-3 and TRF2. In addition, TRF2 and RAP1 assist recruitment of PRL-3 to telomeric DNA. Silencing of PRL-3 in colon cancer cells does not affect telomere integrity or chromosomal stability, but induces reactive oxygen species-dependent DNA damage response and senescence. However, overexpression of PRL-3 in colon cancer cells and primary fibroblasts promotes structural abnormalities of telomeres, telomere deprotection, DNA damage response, chromosomal instability and senescence...
May 8, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Malika Foy, Océane Anézo, Simon Saule, Nathalie Planque
In a previous transcriptomic analysis of 63 ocular melanomas of the uvea, we found that expression of the PRL-3/PTP4A3 gene, encoding a phosphatase that is anchored to the plasma membrane, was associated with the risk of metastasis, and a poor prognosis. We also showed that PRL-3 overexpression in OCM-1 ocular melanoma cells significantly increased cell migration in vitro and invasiveness in vivo, suggesting a direct role for PRL-3 in the metastatic spreading of uveal melanoma. Here, we aimed to identify PRL-3 substrates at the plasma membrane involved in adhesion to the extracellular matrix...
April 15, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
Sebastián Carranza-Lira, María Luisa Daza-Carrasco, Rosario Chán-Verdugo
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroidism has been associated to hyperprolactinemia. The aim was to establish the frequency of high thyrotropin (TSH) levels in women with hyperprolactinemia. METHODS: Retrospective, observational, open, and non-controlled study, which included all the non-pregnant women whose prolactin (PRL) and TSH levels were measured between January 1 and December 31, 2014. RESULTS: 437 women were studied. The most frequent diagnoses that motivated PRL measurement were: infertility (31...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
H Yin, X Huang, M Tao, Q Hu, J Qiu, W Chen, J Wu, Y Xie
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced protein 8-like 2 (TNFAIP8L2; also termed TIPE2) has been shown to be involved in both the immune-negative modulation and cancer. We previously found that TIPE2 is lost in human gastric cancer, and TIPE2 restoration suppresses gastric cancer growth by induction of apoptosis and impairment of protein kinase B (PKB/AKT) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling. However, its correlation with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in gastric cancer is largely elusive...
April 2017: Cancer Gene Therapy
Fengyin Sun, Wenyi Li, Lie Wang, Changfeng Jiao
OBJECTIVE: The current study was undertaken to explore the clinical and prognostic value of phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3) expression in Wilms' tumor. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with Wilms' tumor in Qilu Hospital from January 2003 to July 2009 were enrolled in the study. Protein expression level of PRL-3 was examined by immunohistochemical staining, and the correlation between PRL-3 expression and histopathological parameters, clinical variables, and outcome of patients with Wilms' tumor were analyzed...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
Yongyong Yang, Shenyi Lian, Lin Meng, Like Qu, Chengchao Shou
Phosphatase of regenerating liver 3 (PRL-3) promotes cancer metastasis and progression via increasing cell motility and invasiveness, however the mechanism is still not fully understood. Previous reports showed that PRL-3 increases the phosphorylation of many important proteins and suspected that PRL-3-enhanced protein phosphorylation may be due to its regulation on cytokines. To investigate PRL-3's impact on protein phosphorylation and cytokine secretion, we performed antibody arrays against protein phosphorylation and cytokines separately...
2017: PloS One
Jianbiao Zhou, Zit-Liang Chan, Chonglei Bi, Xiao Lu, Phyllis Sy Chong, Jing-Yuan Chooi, Lip Lee Cheong, Shaw-Cheng Liu, Ying Qing Ching, Yafeng Zhou, Motomi Osato, Tuan Zea Tan, Chin Hin Ng, Siok-Bian Ng, Qi Zeng, Wee Joo Chng
PRL-3 (PTP4A3), a metastasis-associated phosphatase, is also upregulated in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and is associated with poor prognosis, but the underlying molecular mechanism is unknown. Here, constitutive expression of PRL-3 in human AML cells sustains leukemogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, PRL-3 phosphatase-activity dependently upregulates LIN28B, a stem cell reprogramming factor, which, in turn, represses the let-7 microRNA family, inducing a stem cell-like transcriptional program...
December 23, 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Teresa Rubio, Maja Köhn
The phosphatase of regenerating liver (PRL)-3 is overexpressed in many human cancer types and tumor metastases when compared with healthy tissues. Different pathways and mechanisms have been suggested to modulate PRL-3 expression levels and activity, giving some valuable insights but still leaving an incomplete picture. Investigating these mechanisms could provide new targets for therapeutic drug development. Here, we present an updated overview and summarize recent findings concerning the different PRL-3 expression regulatory mechanisms and posttranslational modifications suggested to modulate the activity, localization, or stability of this phosphatase...
October 15, 2016: Biochemical Society Transactions
Ju-Dong Lee, Haiyoung Jung, Sang-Hyun Min
The phosphatase of regenerating liver (PRL) family, including PRL-1, PRL-2, and PRL-3, comprises protein tyrosine phosphatases whose deregulation is associated with the tumorigenesis and metastasis of many types of cancer. However, the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. In this study, aiming to increase understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the functions of PRL-1 and PRL-3, a yeast two-hybrid system was employed to screen for their interacting proteins. Alignment with the NCBI BLAST database revealed 12 interactive proteins: Synaptic nuclear envelope protein 2, emerin, mannose 6-phosphate receptor-binding protein 1, low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 10, Rab acceptor 1, tumor protein D52-like 2, selectin P ligand (SELPLG), guanylate binding protein 1, transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain-containing 2, NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit B8, syndecan 4 and FK506-binding protein 8 (FKBP8)...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Upik Anderiani Miskad, Muhammad Husni Cangara, Syarifuddin Wahid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Min Thura, Abdul Qader Omer Al-Aidaroos, Wei Peng Yong, Koji Kono, Abhishek Gupta, You Bin Lin, Kousaku Mimura, Jean Paul Thiery, Boon Cher Goh, Patrick Tan, Ross Soo, Cheng William Hong, Lingzhi Wang, Suling Joyce Lin, Elya Chen, Sun Young Rha, Hyun Cheol Chung, Jie Li, Sayantani Nandi, Hiu Fung Yuen, Shu-Dong Zhang, Yeoh Khay Guan, Jimmy So, Qi Zeng
Novel, tumor-specific drugs are urgently needed for a breakthrough in cancer therapy. Herein, we generated a first-in-class humanized antibody (PRL3-zumab) against PRL-3, an intracellular tumor-associated phosphatase upregulated in multiple human cancers, for unconventional cancer immunotherapies. We focused on gastric cancer (GC), wherein elevated PRL-3 mRNA levels significantly correlated with shortened overall survival of GC patients. PRL-3 protein was overexpressed in 85% of fresh-frozen clinical gastric tumor samples examined but not in patient-matched normal gastric tissues...
June 16, 2016: JCI Insight
Pegah Abdollahi, Esten N Vandsemb, Magnus A Hjort, Kristine Misund, Toril Holien, Anne-Marit Sponaas, Torstein B Rø, Tobias S Slørdahl, Magne Børset
Phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PTP4A3/PRL-3) is a dual-specificity phosphatase that is upregulated in various types of cancers and is related to poor prognosis and aggressive tumor behavior. The expression level of PRL-3 is elevated in response to several antiapoptotic cytokines, including IL6, in cancer cells from patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and can promote survival and migration. Here, it is demonstrated that PRL-3 activates Src kinase in the IL6-dependent MM cell line INA-6. Inhibition of PRL-3 by a small-molecule inhibitor of PRL-3 or by shRNA resulted in inactivation of Src...
January 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Shenyi Lian, Lin Meng, Xiaofang Xing, Yongyong Yang, Like Qu, Chengchao Shou
Phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3), also termed PTP4A3, is a metastasis-related protein tyrosine phosphatase. Its expression levels are significantly correlated with the progression and survival of a wide range of malignant tumors. However, the mechanism by which PRL-3 promotes tumor invasion and metastasis is not clear. In the present study, the functions of PRL-3 were systemically analyzed in the key events of metastasis including, motility and adhesion. A cell wounding assay, cell spread assay and cell-matrix adhesion assay were carried out to analyze the cell movement and cell adhesion ability of colon cancer, immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence assay was confirmed the interaction of PRL-3 and JAM2...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Jianbo Xiong, Zhengrong Li, Yang Zhang, Daojiang Li, Guoyang Zhang, Xianshi Luo, Zhigang Jie, Yi Liu, Yi Cao, Zhibiao Le, Shengxing Tan, Wenyu Zou, Peitao Gong, Lingyu Qiu, Yuanyuan Li, Huan Wang, Heping Chen
Peritoneal metastasis is the most frequent cause of death in patients with advanced gastric carcinoma (GC). The phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3) is recognized as an oncogene and plays an important role in GC peritoneal metastasis. However, the mechanism of how PRL-3 regulates GC invasion and metastasis is unknown. In the present study, we found that PRL-3 presented with high expression in GC with peritoneal metastasis, but phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) was weakly expressed. The p-PTEN/PTEN ratio was also higher in GC with peritoneal metastasis than that in the normal gastric tissues...
October 2016: Oncology Reports
H H Gari, G D DeGala, M S Lucia, J R Lambert
Stimulating tumor cell senescence and apoptosis are proven methods for therapeutically combating cancer. However, senescence and apoptosis are conventionally viewed as parallel, not sequential, processes. We have discovered that the metastasis-promoting phosphatase, PRL-3, is transcriptionally regulated by the NF-ĸB pathway in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells, and that PRL-3 knockdown elicits an autocrine tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNF-R1) feedback loop that results in TNBC cell senescence followed by apoptosis...
August 15, 2016: Oncogenesis
Priyanka Soni, Nuzhat Husain, Anil Chandra, Bal Krishan Ojha, Madan Lal Brahma Bhatt, Rakesh Kumar Gupta
CONTEXT: Poor survival of the glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has been attributed in part to the invasive nature of the lesion making complete surgical removal near impossible. Phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3), matrix metalloproteinases-2 and -9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9), and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR-1) play a role in invasive nature of tumor cells. AIMS: This study was conducted to evaluate PRL-3, MMP-2, MMP-9, and EGFR-1 (markers) expression in cases to GBM and to correlate their expression with therapy response and survival...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Hamid H Gari, Gregory D DeGala, Rahul Ray, M Scott Lucia, James R Lambert
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are among the most aggressive cancers characterized by a high propensity to invade, metastasize and relapse. We previously reported that the TNBC-specific inhibitor, AMPI-109, significantly impairs the ability of TNBC cells to migrate and invade by reducing levels of the metastasis-promoting phosphatase, PRL-3. Here, we examined the mechanisms by which AMPI-109 and loss of PRL-3 impede cell migration and invasion. AMPI-109 treatment or knock down of PRL-3 expression were associated with deactivation of Src and ERK signaling and concomitant downregulation of RhoA and Rac1/2/3 GTPase protein levels...
October 1, 2016: Cancer Letters
Shifan Ren, Yefang Zhou, Xiaoling Fang, Xiaoling She, Yilin Wu, Xianqing Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3) in the 17β-estradiol (E2)- and interleukin 6 (IL-6)-induced migration of endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) from ectopic endometrium. METHODS: Ectopic endometrial tissues were collected from patients with endometriosis, and PRL-3 expression in ectopic and eutopic endometrium was examined by immunohistochemistry. Endometrial stromal cells isolated from ectopic endometrium were treated with E2, progesterone (P), IL-6, or sodium orthovanadate (Sov) to inhibit PRL-3...
May 24, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
Ilan Shimon, Ernesto Sosa, Victoria Mendoza, Yona Greenman, Amit Tirosh, Etual Espinosa, Vera Popovic, Andrea Glezer, Marcello D Bronstein, Moises Mercado
OBJECTIVES: Prolactin (PRL)-secreting macroadenomas usually measure between 10 and 40 mm. Giant (adenoma size ≥40 mm) PRL-tumors are not common, and larger prolactinomas (maximal diameter ≥60 mm) are rare, and their management outcomes have not been well characterized. METHODS: We have identified 18 subjects (16 men, 2 females) with giant PRL-adenomas (size ≥60 mm; PRL > 1000 ng/ml) and summarized their characteristics and response to treatment. RESULTS: Mean age was 36...
August 2016: Pituitary
Tobias S Slørdahl, Pegah Abdollahi, Esten N Vandsemb, Christoph Rampa, Kristine Misund, Katarzyna A Baranowska, Marita Westhrin, Anders Waage, Torstein B Rø, Magne Børset
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a neoplastic proliferation of bone marrow plasma cells. PRL-3 is a phosphatase induced by interleukin (IL)-6 and other growth factors in MM cells and promotes MM-cell migration. PRL-3 has also been identified as a marker gene for a subgroup of patients with MM. In this study we found that forced expression of PRL-3 in the MM cell line INA-6 led to increased survival of cells that were depleted of IL-6. It also caused redistribution of cells in cell cycle, with an increased number of cells in G2M-phase...
May 10, 2016: Oncotarget
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