keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

clinical AND policy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928973/existing-evidence-summarization-methods-can-t-guarantee-trustworthy-patient-decision-aids
#1
Michelle D Dannenberg, Marie-Anne Durand, Victor M Montori, Clifford Reilly, Glyn Elwyn
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate how organizations that develop patient decision aids conduct their evidence summarization process and assess whether their current processes provide sufficient information to instill confidence that patient decision aids are trustworthy and up-to-date STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: : We identified 23 organizations from a public inventory of patient decision aid developers and included only organizations that have produced five or more tools. These organizations were asked to complete a 17-item survey and to share relevant documents...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927830/living-donation-of-vascularized-composite-allografts
#2
Bohdan Pomahac, Muayyad Alhefzi, Ericka M Bueno, Sue V McDiarmid, L Scott Levin
Living donation has become a medically and ethically accepted practice in solid organ transplantation. Published proceedings from the international kidney transplant community and from the Ethics Committee of The Transplantation Society (TTS) articulated the general principles as well as specific recommendations for living donation, which remain the backbone of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) requirements and policies.Meanwhile, there have been major advancements in another revolutionary field of transplant medicine: vascularized composite allotransplantation, or VCA...
June 14, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926769/review-of-scientific-self-experimentation-ethics-history-regulation-scenarios-and-views-among-ethics-committees-and-prominent-scientists
#3
Brian P Hanley, William Bains, George Church
We examine self-experimentation ethics history and practice, related law, use scenarios in universities and industry, and attitudes. We show through analysis of the historical development of medical ethics and regulation, from Hippocrates through Good Clinical Practice that there are no ethical barriers to self-experimentation. When the self-experimenter is a true investigator, there is no other party to be protected from unethical behavior. We discuss the n-of-1 issue in self-experiments, and make suggestions for improving experiment design...
June 21, 2018: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926541/comparing-two-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-genomes-from-chinese-immigrants-with-native-genomes-using-mauve-alignments
#4
Sungweon Ryu, Jeongsoo Lee, Jee Youn Oh, Byeong Ki Kim, Young Kim, Je Hyeong Kim, Chol Shin, Seung Heon Lee
BACKGROUND: The number of immigrants with tuberculosis (TB) increases each year in South Korea. Determining the transmission dynamics based on whole genome sequencing (WGS) to cluster the strains has been challenging. METHODS: WGS, annotation refinement, and orthology assignment for the GenBank accession number acquisition were performed on two clinical isolates from Chinese immigrants. In addition, the genomes of the two isolates were compared with the genomes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates, from two native Korean and five native Chinese individuals using a phylogenetic topology tree based on the Multiple Alignment of Conserved Genomic Sequence with Rearrangements (Mauve) package...
June 19, 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926475/workplace-interventions-for-reducing-sitting-at-work
#5
REVIEW
Nipun Shrestha, Katriina T Kukkonen-Harjula, Jos H Verbeek, Sharea Ijaz, Veerle Hermans, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: A large number of people are employed in sedentary occupations. Physical inactivity and excessive sitting at workplaces have been linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity, and all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of workplace interventions to reduce sitting at work compared to no intervention or alternative interventions. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, OSH UPDATE, PsycINFO, ClinicalTrials...
June 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925354/accuracy-and-the-factors-influencing-the-accuracy-of-death-certificates-completed-by-first-year-general-practitioners-in-thailand
#6
Chaiwat Washirasaksiri, Prateep Raksasagulwong, Charoen Chouriyagune, Pochamana Phisalprapa, Weerachai Srivanichakorn
BACKGROUND: Although death certificates (DCs) provide valuable health information which may help to guide local health policies and priorities, there is little information concerning their validity in Thailand. First-year general practitioners (GPs) have a major role in DC completion, especially in provincial general hospitals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and factors influencing the accuracy of DCs completed by first-year GPs in Thailand, compared with the cause of death (COD) derived from medical records by experts...
June 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924791/-algorithm-of-treatment-policy-for-a-femoral-artery-false-aneurysm
#7
A A Fokin, K A Kireev
The purpose of the study was to elaborate an algorithm of treatment policy for post-puncture false aneurysms of the femoral artery (FAFA). The study was performed on the basis of the clinical material over 2014-2017 at the Regional Vascular Centre whose specialists have since 2017 been using the femoral arterial approach (FAA) only if the radial arteries are inaccessible for puncture or for inserting the endovascular tools and appliances. The obtained findings demonstrated that the number of coronary interventions performed with the use of the femoral arterial approach in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome decreased from a total of 758 (100...
2018: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924787/-staged-treatment-of-a-multilevel-lesion-of-brachiocephalic-arteries-in-combination-with-coronary-and-valvular-pathology-of-the-heart
#8
M A Cherniavskiĭ, A A Gusev, D V Chernova, I V Iarkov, M L Gordeev
Prevention of neurological complications in cardiosurgical and reconstructive vascular surgery is one of the priority tasks of preserving ability to work and decreasing invalidization of patients in the postoperative period. Presented in the article is a clinical case report regarding multiple-stage treatment of a female patient with a combined aortic defect, coronary pathology, and a multilevel bilateral lesion of the brachiocephalic arteries. The first stage consisted in performing a hybrid operation, i. e...
2018: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924774/-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonographic-study-in-patients-with-lower-limb-arterial-lesions
#9
I E Timina, N N Askerova, G G Karmazanovskiĭ, I I Piatkova, A E Zotikov
BACKGROUND: The introduction into clinical practice of contrast-enhanced ultrasonographic examination made it possible to assess patency of tibial arteries and perfusion of crural muscles in patients with occlusive lesions of lower-limb arteries. These findings are important for planning optimal treatment policy and assessing efficacy of operative or medicamentous treatment. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed at investigating a possibility of contrast-enhanced ultrasound examination for assessment of patency of tibial arteries and quantitative assessment of perfusion of crural muscles in patient with occlusive lesions of lower-limb arteries...
2018: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924681/identifying-and-understanding-the-gaps-in-care-experienced-by-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-at-the-university-of-iowa-hospitals-and-clinics
#10
Erin M Mobley, Kristin J Foster, William W Terry
PURPOSE: In an effort to counteract the differences in improvement in survival rates of adolescents and young adults (AYA), compared to other age groups with cancer, the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics established an AYA cancer program. This study was conducted to gather feedback from AYAs in an effort to generate actionable data for program development. METHODS: The target population included patients aged 13-31 treated for malignancy in one of the following disease sites: central nervous system, leukemia, lymphoma, neuroendocrine, sarcoma, and thyroid...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923693/compassion-in-emergency-departments-part-1-nursing-students-perspectives
#11
David Hunter, Jacqueline McCallum, Dora Howes
Compassion is a topical issue in clinical nursing practice, nurse education and policy, but a review of the literature reveals that nursing students' experiences of compassionate care receives little attention. In this three-part series David Hunter and colleagues explore compassion in emergency departments (EDs) from nursing students' point of view. Part one provides findings of a professional doctorate study of nursing students' experiences of compassionate care in EDs, part two explores the barriers to compassionate care in this clinical setting that emerged from the study, and part three considers factors that enable and support compassionate care provision in EDs...
June 20, 2018: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923692/mapping-of-the-available-standards-against-the-regulatory-needs-for-nanomedicines
#12
REVIEW
Blanka Halamoda-Kenzaoui, Uwe Holzwarth, Gert Roebben, Alessia Bogni, Susanne Bremer-Hoffmann
Appropriate documentary standards and reference materials are crucial building blocks for the development of innovative products. In order to support the emerging sector of nanomedicine, relevant standards must be identified and/or developed before the products will enter into the regulatory approval process. The anticipation of standardization needs requires a good understanding on the regulatory information requirements that can be triggered by the particularities of nanomedicines. However, robust datasets allowing firm conclusions on regulatory demands are not yet available due to a lack of regulatory experience with innovative products...
June 20, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923275/exploring-barriers-and-facilitators-in-the-implementation-and-use-of-guideline-recommendations-on-antipsychotic-drug-prescriptions-for-people-with-intellectual-disability
#13
Lotte Ramerman, Pieter J Hoekstra, Gerda de Kuijper
BACKGROUND: It is unknown why professionals' adherence to guideline recommendations on antipsychotic drug prescription in the intellectual disabilities care is insufficient. This study aimed to explore barriers and facilitators in the implementation and use of these recommendations. METHODS: In-depth interviews with four intellectual disability physicians, two psychiatrists and five behavioural scientists were used to explore the implementation and use of guideline recommendations...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923067/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-cardiovascular-diseases-current-knowledge-and-future-directions
#14
REVIEW
Thais Coutinho, Olabimpe Lamai, Kara Nerenberg
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the principal killers of women. In this review, we summarize data regarding CVD and mortality after hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), and highlight clinical, research and policy needs to mitigate this risk. RECENT FINDINGS: Robust data indicate that women with HDP have substantially higher risk of future CVD, with a 3.7-fold increase in the risk of chronic hypertension, a 4.2-fold increase in the risk of heart failure, an 81% increase in the risk of stroke, and double the risk of atrial arrhythmias, coronary heart disease, and mortality when compared to women with normotensive pregnancies...
June 19, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922187/using-information-and-communication-technologies-to-prevent-suicide-among-secondary-school-students-in-two-regions-of-chile-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Franco Mascayano, Sara Schilling, Eric Tapia, Felipe Santander, María S Burrone, Lawrence H Yang, Rubén Alvarado
Background: There is an increasing concern for addressing suicide among adolescents in Latin America. Recent mental health policies encourage the development and implementation of preventive interventions for suicide. Such initiatives, however, have been scarcely developed, even in countries with solid mental health services such as Chile. The use of information and communications technology (ICT) might contribute to create accessible, engaging, and innovative platforms to promote well-being and support for adolescents with mental health needs and suicide risk...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922078/a-systematic-literature-review-of-the-clinical-and-health-economic-burden-of-schizophrenia-in-privately-insured-patients-in-the-united-states
#16
REVIEW
Wenjie Zhang, Tony B Amos, Stephen W Gutkin, Nicole Lodowski, Emma Giegerich, Kruti Joshi
Purpose: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review on the burden of schizophrenia in privately insured US patients. Materials and methods: A systematic literature review of English language peer-reviewed journal articles of observational studies published from 2006 to 2016 was conducted using EMBASE/MEDLINE databases. Abstracts covering substantial numbers of patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (i.e., N ≥ 100) were included for full-text review...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921349/clinical-diagnoses-leading-to-suspension-in-army-aircrew-an-epidemiological-study
#17
Ian P Curry, Amanda M Kelley, Steven J Gaydos
INTRODUCTION: There have been few large-scale epidemiological examinations of military aircrew populations reported in recent literature. This study examined 10 yr of medical records contained in the U.S. Army Aeromedical Electronic Resource Office (AERO) in an effort to identify the most prevalent conditions affecting Army aviator career longevity. METHODS: This study was a retrospective epidemiological review; data were retrieved on 24,568 rated aircrew patients from the AERO database, of whom 5...
July 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921000/an-academic-practice-partnership-building-capacity-to-meet-sexual-health-education-policy-requirements-of-a-public-school-system
#18
Heide R Cygan, Diane McNaughton, Virginia Reising, Bianca Reid
The purpose of this clinical concepts paper is to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a formal academic-practice partnership between a large, urban, public school system and a college of nursing, based on the American Association of Colleges of Nursing's Guiding Principles to Academic-Practice Partnerships. The overarching goal of the partnership was to increase the school district's capacity to meet sexual health education policy requirements while providing graduate nursing students with an opportunity to work with a diverse population of youth during a public health nursing practicum course...
June 19, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920729/long-term-follow-up-of-a-large-prospective-cohort-of-patients-with-non-functioning-pituitary-adenomas-the-outcome-of-a-conservative-management-policy
#19
Miles J Levy, Iain J Robertson, Naima Khalk, Sabrina Vitello, Narendra Reddy, Ragini Bhake, Trevor A Howlett
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical outcome of a strategy of conservative monitoring of patients with non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPA) after pituitary surgery and in patients without surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective study of outcomes, using a clinical information system. PATIENTS: An unselected, clinical series of patients seen in a single centre between 1989 and 2015. MEASUREMENTS: Review of clinical information system data to obtain details and dates of surgery, radiotherapy, pituitary imaging and outcomes...
June 19, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920121/hexavalent-vaccines-increasing-options-for-policy-makers-and-providers-a-review-of-the-data-supporting-interchangeability-substitution-with-vaccines-containing-fewer-antigens-and-mixed-schedules-from-the-same-manufacturer
#20
Jan Dolhain, Winnie Janssens, Narcisa Mesaros, Linda Hanssens, Frederik Fierens
Combination vaccines improve vaccine uptake and open the infant immunization space for additional vaccines. Hexavalent vaccines have been marketed since 2000. Infanrix hexa (combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-hepatitis B-inactivated poliovirus-Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine, DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib, GSK) is longest on the market, providing 16 years post-marketing experience. Each DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib vaccine component is licensed alone and/or in smaller combination vaccines. Programmatic considerations sometimes require an interchange between vaccines due to unavailability, program change or mixed schedules (when the number of required antigens differs across scheduled primary vaccination visits)...
June 19, 2018: Expert Review of Vaccines
keyword
keyword
55825
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"