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Chronic kidney disease infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451519/-hepatitis-c-virus-infections-is-it-only-e-liver-disease
#1
Salvatore Petta
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is widely diffused in general population, and the likelihood that an infected individual is affected by other disesases is high. A lot of epidemiological and explicative studies, even if with different levels of evidence, reported a potential effect of HCV infection -by direct and indirect mechanisms- on the pathogenesis of extrahepatic comorbidities related to dysregulation of the immune system, or cardiometabolic comorbidities like diabetes, neuropsychiatric disorders, chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular alterations, etc...
January 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451010/assessment-of-mycoplasma-gallisepticum-vaccine-efficacy-in-a-co-infection-challenge-model-with-qx-like-infectious-bronchitis-virus
#2
Dauda G Bwala, Solomon Ponman, Neil Duncan, Daniel B R Wandrag, Celia Abolnik
Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is the primary cause of chronic respiratory disease in poultry. We investigated the protective efficacy of the live attenuated ts-11 and 6/85 MG vaccines against a local MG strain, and in order to enhance symptoms and mimic a typical field situation, we co-infected birds with a virulent strain of QX-like infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). Both vaccines showed similar ability to protect infected chickens from clinical signs, although ts-11 performed slightly better. Despite the lower protection against clinical disease, 6/85-vaccinated birds had significantly (P≤0...
February 16, 2018: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450214/-mycobacterium-abscessus-complex-infections-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Maroun Sfeir, Marissa Walsh, Rossana Rosa, Laura Aragon, Sze Yan Liu, Timothy Cleary, Marylee Worley, Corey Frederick, Lilian M Abbo
Background: Infections caused by Mycobacterium abscessus group strains are usually resistant to multiple antimicrobials and challenging to treat worldwide. We describe the risk factors, treatment, and clinical outcomes of patients in 2 large academic medical centers in the United States. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of hospitalized adults with a positive culture for M. abscessus in Miami, Florida (January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2014). Demographics, comorbidities, the source of infection, antimicrobial susceptibilities, and clinical outcomes were analyzed...
February 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447854/risk-factors-associated-complications-for-postoperative-urinary-retention-after-lumbar-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#4
Joshua L Golubovsky, Haariss Ilyas, Jinxiao Chen, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Thomas E Mroz, Michael P Steinmetz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Postoperative Urinary Retention (POUR) is a very common post-operative complication of all surgeries (5 - 70%) that may lead to complications such as urinary tract infection (UTI), bladder over-distention, autonomic dysregulation, and increased postoperative length of stay (LOS). Within the field of spine surgery, the reported incidence of POUR is highly variable (5.6 - 38%). Lack of clear stratification of surgical level, spinal pathology, and inadequate sample size is a major limitation of available studies concerning POUR following spine surgery that may lead to inconsistency in the incidence of POUR and the ability to model its occurrence and consequences...
February 12, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441293/mucocutaneous-manifestations-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Rattan S Rashpa, Vikram K Mahajan, Pankaj Kumar, Karaninder S Mehta, Pushpinder S Chauhan, Ritu Rawat, Vikas Sharma
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD)-associated mucocutaneous manifestations significantly impair the quality of life but often remain understudied. They may also vary across regions, socioeconomic and nutritional status, and racial differences. Objectives: To study the patterns of mucocutaneous disorders and their prevalence in CKD patients irrespective of clinical stage or dialysis status. Materials and Methods: 122 (M:F = 77:45) patients aged 21‒85 (Mean ± SD = 57...
January 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433841/relationship-between-acute-kidney-injury-and-serum-procalcitonin-pct-concentration-in-critically-ill-patients-with-influenza-infection
#6
A Rodríguez, L F Reyes, J Monclou, B Suberviola, M Bodí, G Sirgo, J Solé-Violán, J Guardiola, D Barahona, E Díaz, I Martín-Loeches, M I Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: Serum procalcitonin (PCT) concentration could be increased in patients with renal dysfunction in the absence of bacterial infection. OBJECTIVE: To determine the interactions among serum renal biomarkers of acute kidney injury (AKI) and serum PCT concentration, in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) due to lung influenza infection. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a prospective multicentre observational study. SETTING: 148 Spanish ICUs...
February 9, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432231/noncommunicable-diseases-in-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-1-infection-in-high-income-and-low-income-settings
#7
Steve Innes, Kunjal Patel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Perinatally HIV-infected adolescents may be at increased risk of noninfectious comorbidities later in life. This review summarizes recent advances in the understanding of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) among HIV-infected adolescents in high-income and lower middle-income countries, and identifies key questions that remain unanswered. We review atherosclerotic vascular disease (AVD), chronic bone disease (CBD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and chronic lung disease (CLD)...
February 8, 2018: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427485/treatment-of-hepatitis-c-the-use-of-the-new-pangenotypic-direct-acting-antivirals-in-special-populations
#8
REVIEW
Stanislas Pol, Lucia Parlati
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The recommended combination of pangenotypic direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) associates the co-formulation of 2 or 3 second-generation DAAs. In the so-called "special populations" defined as patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), HCV/HIV co-infection, HCV/HBV co-infection and an unsuccessful previous DAA regimen, these combinations have a high antiviral potency (sustained virologic response (SVR) > 95%), fair tolerance and a reduced pill burden...
February 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421224/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-bacteremia-correlations-between-clinical-phenotypic-genotypic-characteristics-and-mortality-in-a-tertiary-teaching-hospital-in-malaysia
#9
Pik San Sit, Cindy Shuan Ju Teh, Nuryana Idris, Sasheela Ponnampalavanar
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia is a serious infection that can result in significant morbidity and mortality. A retrospective cohort study was conducted to determine the predictors of mortality in patient with MRSA bacteremia correlating with clinical, phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of the relevant strains. Most of the bacteremia cases were healthcare-associated (P < 0.0001). Older age (P < 0.0001) and comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, hypertension and chronic kidney disease) were identified as the risk factors for MRSA bacteremia...
February 6, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420808/jc-polyoma-viruria-associates-with-protection-from-chronic-kidney-disease-independently-from-apolipoprotein-l1-genotype-in-african-americans
#10
Barry I Freedman, Amy L Kistler, Peter Skewes-Cox, Don Ganem, Mitzie Spainhour, Jolyn Turner, Jasmin Divers, Carl D Langefeld, Mariana Murea, Pamela J Hicks, Ashok K Hemal, James A Snipes, Lihong Zhao, Johanna R Abend, Douglas S Lyles, Lijun Ma, Karl L Skorecki
Background: Viral infections can trigger chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the urine virome may inform risk. The Natural History of APOL1-Associated Nephropathy Study (NHAANS) reported that urine JC polyomavirus (JCPyV) associated with a lower risk of APOL1-associated nephropathy in African Americans. Herein, association was assessed between urine JCPyV with CKD in African Americans independent from the APOL1 genotype. Methods: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed for urinary detection of JCPyV and BK polyoma virus (BKPyV) in 200 newly recruited nondiabetic African Americans...
February 6, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414180/renal-manifestations-of-dengue-virus-infections
#11
REVIEW
Padmalal Gurugama, Umesh Jayarajah, Kamani Wanigasuriya, Ananda Wijewickrama, Jennifer Perera, Suranjith L Seneviratne
Dengue is a significant health problem in many countries. In recent years, complications involving specific organ systems have been increasingly observed and appear to have important effects on overall dengue related morbidity and mortality. Renal involvement in dengue could potentially cause increased mortality and long term effects. We review the different renal manifestations associated with dengue virus infections and explore their potential underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. The serum electrolyte and urinary abnormalities seen in dengue are discussed and Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) due to acute glomerulonephritis, rhabdomyolysis and haemolytic uraemic syndrome following dengue are explored...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407365/p-cresyl-sulfate-decreases-peripheral-b-cells-in-mice-with-adenine-induced-renal-dysfunction
#12
Takahiro Shiba, Ikuyo Makino, Takashi Sasaki, Yuji Fukuhara, Koji Kawakami, Ikuo Kato, Toshihide Kobayashi
Infection is a major cause of mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Although immune dysfunction is a risk factor for infection in CKD patients, its causes are not fully elucidated. In the present study, we evaluated whether p-cresyl sulfate (pCS), an intestinal bacteria-derived uremic toxin, was involved in immune dysfunction in CKD. We used osmotic pumps to establish adenine-induced renal dysfunction mice with a chronically high blood pCS concentration. Analysis of lymphocyte subsets revealed that pCS significantly reduced peripheral B cells in renal dysfunction mice...
January 30, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393502/using-drugs-to-target-necroptosis-dual-roles-in-disease-therapy
#13
REVIEW
Zhen Wang, Li-Min Guo, Hong-Kang Zhou, Hong-Ke Qu, Shu-Chao Wang, Feng-Xia Liu, Dan Chen, Ju-Fang Huang, Kun Xiong
Evolutionary medicine has proven helpful to understand the origin of human disease, e.g. in identifying causal roles of recent environmental changes impacting on human physiology (environment-phenotype mismatch). In contrast, diseases affecting only a limited number of members of a species often originate from evolutionary trade-offs for usually physiologic adaptations assuring reproductive success in the context of extrinsic threats. For example, the G1 and G2 variants of the APOL1 gene supporting control of Trypanosoma infection come with the trade-off that they promote the progression of kidney disease...
February 1, 2018: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393129/the-burden-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-related-financial-issues
#14
Marlies Ostermann, Jorge Cerdá
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common complications in acutely ill patients. The epidemiology, clinical presentation, and outcome vary between patients and countries. SUMMARY: Patients with AKI often exhibit multiple organ dysfunction that is caused, in part, by marked cross-talk between the kidney and other organs and tissues. These deleterious interactions arise, at least in part, from systemic inflammatory changes, an increased cytokine load, increases in leukocyte trafficking and activation of neurohormonal processes...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391011/caprine-herpesvirus-2-associated-malignant-catarrhal-fever-of-captive-sika-deer-cervus-nippon-in-an-intensive-management-system
#15
Hongwei Zhu, Qingrong Huang, Xiaoliang Hu, Wenhui Chu, Jianlong Zhang, Linlin Jiang, Xin Yu, Xingxiao Zhang, Shipeng Cheng
BACKGROUND: Caprine herpesvirus 2 (CpHV-2) infection usually induces chronic malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) in sika deer (Cervus nippon), with the primary signs of weight loss, dermatitis and alopecia. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report a case of CpHV-2-associated acute MCF in a sika deer herd raised in an intensive management system distant to the reservoir goats. Affected deer developed clinical signs of high fever (41 °C) followed by nasal discharge and lameness...
February 1, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385785/urothelial-dysfunction-and-chronic-inflammation-are-associated-with-increased-bladder-sensation-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-insufficiency
#16
Sheng-Fu Cheng, Yuan-Hong Jiang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients usually have lower urinary tract symptoms, such as frequency and urgency. Additionally, they frequently suffer from urinary tract infections. This study investigated dysfunction and chronic inflammation of the bladder urothelium in ESRD/CKD patients. METHODS: This study enrolled 27 patients with CKD (n=13) or ESRD (n=14) for urodynamic studies and bladder biopsies. Patients presented with detrusor underactivity (DU; n=8) or bladder oversensitivity (BO; n=19)...
January 2018: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384700/chronic-inhalation-of-e-cigarette-vapor-containing-nicotine-disrupts-airway-barrier-function-and-induces-systemic-inflammation-and-multi-organ-fibrosis-in-mice
#17
Laura E Crotty Alexander, Christopher A Drummond, Mark Hepokoski, Denzil P Mathew, Alexander Moshensky, Andrew Willeford, Soumita Das, Prabhleen Singh, Zachary Yong, Jasmine H Lee, Kevin Vega, Ashley Du, John Shin, Christian Javier, Jiang Tian, Joan Heller Brown, Ellen C Breen
BACKGROUND: Electronic (e)-cigarettes theoretically may be safer than conventional tobacco. However, our prior studies demonstrated direct adverse effects of e-cigarette vapor (EV) on airway cells, including decreased viability and function. We hypothesize that repetitive, chronic inhalation of EV will diminish airway barrier function, leading to inflammatory protein release into circulation, creating a systemic inflammatory state, ultimately leading to distant organ injury and dysfunction...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373767/-characteristics-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-a-high-complexity-hospital-and-report-of-the-circulation-of-the-nap1-027-hypervirulent-strain-in-colombia
#18
Sandra Milena Gualtero, Lina Alejandra Abril, Nathalia Camelo, Susi Daniela Sanchez, Fabián Antonio Davila, Gerson Arias, Edwin Silva, Ingrid Gissel Bustos, Diego Fernando Josa, Isabel Cristina Torres, Luis Carlos Zambrano, María José Pareja
INTRODUCTION: Clostridium difficile is the main pathogen related to healthcare-associated diarrhea and it is the cause of 20 to 30% of diarrhea cases caused by antibiotics. In Colombia and Latin America, the knowledge about the epidemiological behavior of this infection is limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of a series of patients with C. difficile infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a descriptive case series study of patients with C...
December 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369158/the-growing-burden-of-non-communicable-disease-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-zimbabwe
#19
Mikaela Smit, Jack Olney, Nathan P Ford, Marco Vitoria, Simon Gregson, Anna Vassall, Timothy B Hallett
OBJECTIVES: We aim to characterise the future noncommunicable disease (NCD) burden in Zimbabwe to identify future health system priorities. METHODS: We developed an individual-based multidisease model for Zimbabwe, simulating births, deaths, infection with HIV and progression, and key NCD (asthma, chronic kidney disease (CKD), depression, diabetes, hypertension, stroke, breast, cervical, colorectal, liver, oesophageal, prostate and all other cancers). The model was parameterised using national and regional surveillance and epidemiological data...
January 23, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369156/hepatitis-c-virus-cure-does-not-impact-kidney-function-decline-in-hiv-co-infected-patients
#20
Carmine Rossi, Sahar Saeed, Joseph Cox, Marie-Louise Vachon, Valérie Martel-Laferrière, Sharon L Walmsley, Curtis Cooper, M John Gill, Mark Hull, Erica E M Moodie, Marina B Klein
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of sustained virologic response (SVR) and illicit (injection and non-injection) drug use on kidney function among hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV co-infected individuals. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational cohort study of HCV-HIV co-infected patients. METHODS: Data from 1,631 patients enrolled in the Canadian Co-Infection Cohort between 2003 and 2016 were analyzed. Patients who achieved SVR were matched 1:2 with chronically infected patients using time-dependent propensity scores...
January 23, 2018: AIDS
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