keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dialysis infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332306/impact-of-iatrogenic-iron-overload-on-the-course-of-hepatitis-c-in-dialysis-population-a-plea-for-caution
#1
Guy Rostoker, Nosratola D Vaziri
About 2.5% of the world population, corresponding to about 177 million individuals, are infected by hepatitis C virus (HCV), a small, single-stranded RNA virus. The prevalence of HCV infection among dialysis patients in Japan, Europe, and North America during the 2012 to 2015 period was found to be 8.7% in the DOPPS study. Nosocomial HCV spread in hemodialysis facilities still occurs. Increased hepatic tissue iron has been shown to play a deleterious role in the course of hepatitis C, favor development of fibrosis and cirrhosis and possibly increase the risk of liver cancer in the general population...
March 23, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328144/diagnosing-and-preventing-iron-overload
#2
Ganesh Ramanathan, John K Olynyk, Paolo Ferrari
Absolute or functional iron (Fe) deficiency is an important determinant of anemia in hemodialysis patients and parenteral Fe is routinely used to treat this condition in conjunction with erythropoiesis stimulating agents. While restoration of hemoglobin toward the target range is a good outcome of Fe replacement, it is well known that Fe overload and toxicity may be adverse consequences of this therapy. Dialysis clinical practice guidelines recommend tailoring Fe therapy based on transferrin saturation and serum ferritin levels...
March 22, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325945/surveillance-of-dialysis-events-one-year-experience-at-33-outpatient-hemodialysis-centers-in-china
#3
Hui Zhang, Liuyi Li, Huixue Jia, Yunxi Liu, Jianguo Wen, Anhua Wu, Qun Lu, Tieying Hou, Yun Yang, Huai Yang, Weiguang Li, Zhiyong Zong
A multicenter prospective surveillance on dialysis events was carried in 33 dialysis centers in China. Maintenance hemodialysis (HD) outpatients who were dialyzed on the first two days of each month during 2014 were monitored for dialysis events and other infections. During the one-year period, 52,680 patient-months were monitored. Fistula and tunneled or non-tunneled central line were used for 73.70%, 15.70% and 8.85% of vascular access, respectively. There were 773 dialysis events occurred in 671 patients including 589 IV antimicrobial starts, 74 positive blood cultures and 110 local access site infections (LASI)...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318629/machine-learning-algorithms-define-pathogen-specific-local-immune-fingerprints-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-with-bacterial-infections
#4
Jingjing Zhang, Ida M Friberg, Ann Kift-Morgan, Gita Parekh, Matt P Morgan, Anna Rita Liuzzi, Chan-Yu Lin, Kieron L Donovan, Chantal S Colmont, Peter H Morgan, Paul Davis, Ian Weeks, Donald J Fraser, Nicholas Topley, Matthias Eberl
The immune system has evolved to sense invading pathogens, control infection, and restore tissue integrity. Despite symptomatic variability in patients, unequivocal evidence that an individual's immune system distinguishes between different organisms and mounts an appropriate response is lacking. We here used a systematic approach to characterize responses to microbiologically well-defined infection in a total of 83 peritoneal dialysis patients on the day of presentation with acute peritonitis. A broad range of cellular and soluble parameters was determined in peritoneal effluents, covering the majority of local immune cells, inflammatory and regulatory cytokines and chemokines as well as tissue damage-related factors...
March 16, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317077/de-novo-cancer-in-patients-on-dialysis-and-after-renal-transplantation-north-western-italy-1997-2012
#5
Valentina Mazzucotelli, Pierluca Piselli, Diana Verdirosi, Claudia Cimaglia, Giovanni Cancarini, Diego Serraino, Silvio Sandrini
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplant recipients (KTR) are known to have a higher risk of cancer than the general population, especially of malignancies related to oncogenic viral infections. This study assessed the incidence of de novo malignancies (DNMs) in patients receiving kidney transplantation and in dialysis patients (DP) on the waiting list for transplantation at the same centre. The aim was to quantify the contribution of post-transplant immunosuppression to the underlying risk of developing a DNM in dialysis patients on the waiting list for kidney transplant...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303771/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-a-single-center-study
#6
Werner Keenswijk, Jill Vanmassenhove, Ann Raes, Evelyn Dhont, Johan VandeWalle
BACKGROUND: Information on the epidemiology of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) in children is scarce. We performed a single center retrospective cohort study to analyze the incidence of AKI, the male/female ratio, the underlying etiology, and age at presentation. We also aimed to assess outcome measured by mortality, duration of PICU stay, and development of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). METHODS: Records were searched for children presenting with or developing AKI between 1st January 2008 and 1st January 2015...
March 17, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300288/trends-and-outcomes-of-infective-endocarditis-in-patients-on-dialysis
#7
Nirmanmoh Bhatia, Sahil Agrawal, Aakash Garg, Divyanshu Mohananey, Abhishek Sharma, Manyoo Agarwal, Lohit Garg, Nikhil Agrawal, Amitoj Singh, Sudip Nanda, Jamshid Shirani
Dialysis patients are at high risk for infective endocarditis (IE); however, no large contemporary data exist on this issue. We examined outcomes of 44 816 patients with IE on dialysis and 202 547 patients with IE not on dialysis from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2006 thorough 2011. Dialysis patients were younger (59 ± 15 years vs 62 ± 18 years) and more likely to be female (47% vs 40%) and African-American (47% vs 40%; all P < 0.001). Hospitalizations for IE in the dialysis group increased from 175 to 222 per 10 000 patients (P trend  = 0...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297057/dialysis-access-issues-related-to-conversion-from-peritoneal-dialysis-to-hemodialysis-and-vice-versa
#8
Maurizio Gallieni, Antonino Giordano, Anna Ricchiuto, Davide Gobatti, Maurizio Cariati
ABSTRACTHemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) represent two complementary modalities of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease patients. Conversion between the two modalities is frequent and more likely to happen from PD to HD. Every year, 10% of PD patients convert to HD, suggesting the need for recommendations on how to proceed with the creation of a vascular access in these patients. Criteria for selecting patients who would likely fail PD, and therefore take advantage of a backup access, are undefined...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296252/research-on-handwashing-techniques-of-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-from-yiwu-southeast-china
#9
Yuanjun Ye, Xiaohui Zhang, Yansu Liu, Hongqing Lou, Zhangfei Shou
The aim of the present study was to evaluate handwashing technique, bacteriology, and factors influencing handwashing technique of 86 stable chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients from Yiwu City in Southeast China. Based on the "Hygienic standard for disinfection in the hospital", we also performed sampling for bacteriology from PD operators after they washed their hands. We compared their clinical features including the pathogenic bacteria of their previous peritonitis episodes and their handwashing evaluation results according to their bacteriologic sampling results...
March 10, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296195/evaluation-of-the-infection-risk-in-dialysis-and-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-using-an-atp-monitoring-assay
#10
Junichi Kusano, Rei Kato, Hiroto Matsuda, Yoshikazu Hara, Yoshiaki Fujii, Shinya Suzuki, Masao Sekiyama, Eiki Ando, Kentaro Sugiyama, Toshihiko Hirano
The ATP monitoring assay is a useful biomarker for risk monitoring to detect infection and rejection episodes in transplant recipients. Hemodialysis patients have a higher rate of infectious mortality. Infections in hemodialysis patients are mainly caused by venous catheters, uremia, malnutrition and inflammation. However, the risk of infection episodes has not been evaluated using a lymphocyte ATP monitoring assay in hemodialysis and chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We measured the ATP amounts in the peripheral CD4+ cells of CKD (N = 85) and dialysis patients (N = 17) using an "Immuknow" assay kit...
March 13, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289874/renal-vasculitis-presenting-with-acute-kidney-injury
#11
Javier Villacorta, Francisco Diaz-Crespo, Mercedes Acevedo, Teresa Cavero, Carmen Guerrero, Manuel Praga, Gema Fernandez-Juarez
Renal failure secondary to ANCA-associated vasculitis represents a clinical and therapeutic challenge. In this study, we aimed to assess the treatment response rates and long-term outcomes of vasculitis patients presenting with renal failure. This retrospective study included 151 patients with renal vasculitis from three hospitals who underwent a renal biopsy between 1997 and 2014. Patients with renal failure which required dialysis at the onset were compared to those presenting with more preserved renal function...
March 13, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281085/efficacy-and-safety-of-sofosbuvir-based-regimens-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-on-dialysis
#12
Narendra S Choudhary, Amit Kumar, Vijay Bodh, Shyam Bihari Bansal, Reetesh Sharma, Manish Jain, Sanjiv Saigal, Neeraj Saraf
INTRODUCTION: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have poor treatment tolerance and outcome to interferon-based regimens. Sofosbuvir-based regimens have improved treatment success in chronic hepatitis C. There is limited data in ESRD patients as sofosbuvir is excreted by the kidney. Several small studies have shown good results. METHODS: Sixteen consecutive patients of ESRD (on dialysis) and chronic hepatitis C were treated with sofosbuvir-based regimens as they were prospective kidney transplantation recipients, at a tertiary care center in north India...
March 9, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279408/declotting-the-thrombosed-access
#13
Keith B Quencer, Tamir Friedman
Because a patent access is the lifeline for a dialysis patient, access declotting is extremely important. Before embarking on a declot, it is important to evaluate the patient for potential contraindications such as pulmonary hypertension, right-to-left shunts and access infection in order to be able to avoid potential complications such as symptomatic pulmonary embolism, stroke, and sepsis. Multiple methods to perform a percutaneous declot exist. Four common methods are described here. We also discuss how to avoid causing an arterial embolism and how to treat it if it does occur...
March 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274805/expression-refolding-and-bio-structural-analysis-of-a-tetravalent-recombinant-dengue-envelope-domain-iii-protein-for-serological-diagnosis
#14
Maxime Combe, Xavier Lacoux, Jérôme Martinez, Odile Méjan, Françoise Luciani, Soizic Daniel
Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease caused by four genetically and serologically related viruses that affect several millions of people. Envelope domain III (EDIII) of the viral envelope protein contains dengue virus (DENV) type-specific and DENV complex-reactive antigenic sites. Here, we describe the expression in Escherichia coli, the refolding and bio-structural analysis of envelope domain III of the four dengue serotypes as a tetravalent dengue protein (EDIIIT2), generating an attractive diagnostic candidate...
March 6, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274753/results-for-primary-bypass-versus-primary-angioplasty-stent-for-lower-extremity-chronic-limb-threatening-ischemia
#15
Jeremy D Darling, John C McCallum, Peter A Soden, Lindsey Korepta, Raul J Guzman, Mark C Wyers, Allen D Hamdan, Marc L Schermerhorn
BACKGROUND: Long-term results comparing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with or without stenting (PTA/S) and open surgical bypass for chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) in patients who have had no prior intervention are lacking. METHODS: All patients undergoing a first-time lower extremity revascularization for CLTI by vascular surgeons at our institution from 2005 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Outcomes included perioperative complications, wound healing, restenosis, primary patency, reintervention, major amputation, RAS events (ie, reintervention, major amputation, or stenosis), and mortality...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274750/the-society-for-vascular-surgery-wound-ischemia-and-foot-infection-wifi-classification-system-predicts-wound-healing-but-not-major-amputation-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-ulcers-treated-in-a-multidisciplinary-setting
#16
Nestoras Mathioudakis, Caitlin W Hicks, Joseph K Canner, Ronald L Sherman, Kathryn F Hines, Ying W Lum, Bruce A Perler, Christopher J Abularrage
OBJECTIVE: The Society for Vascular Surgery Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) threatened limb classification has been shown to correlate well with risk of major amputation and time to wound healing in heterogeneous diabetic and nondiabetic populations. Major amputation continues to plague the most severe stage 4 WIfI patients, with 1-year amputation rates of 20% to 64%. Our aim was to determine the association between WIfI stage and wound healing and major amputation among patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) treated in a multidisciplinary setting...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274500/mystery-solved-halomonas-and-dialysis-infections
#17
EDITORIAL
David A Stevens, Nancy Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268216/exit-site-infection-in-peritoneal-dialysis-need-for-follow-up-on-cultures-despite-clinical-improvement
#18
Abhilash Koratala, Volodymyr Chornyy, Amir Kazory
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265827/association-of-helicobacter-pylori-with-chronic-kidney-diseases-a-meta-analysis
#19
Karn Wijarnpreecha, Charat Thongprayoon, Pitchaphon Nissaisorakarn, Veeravich Jaruvongvanich, Kiran Nakkala, Ridhmi Rajapakse, Wisit Cheungpasitporn
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The reported risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with Helicobacter pylori infection is conflicting. This meta-analysis was conducted to summarize all available data and to estimate the prevalence and association between H. pylori and kidney disease and CKD. METHODS: Comprehensive literature review was conducted using MEDLINE and EMBASE database through October 2016 to identify studies that reported the prevalence or the association between H...
March 6, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264031/lower-serum-potassium-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-dialysis-patients-a-nationwide-prospective-observational-cohort-study-in-korea
#20
Sunhwa Lee, Eunjeong Kang, Kyung Don Yoo, Yunhee Choi, Dong Ki Kim, Kwon Wook Joo, Seung Hee Yang, Yong-Lim Kim, Shin-Wook Kang, Chul Woo Yang, Nam Ho Kim, Yon Su Kim, Hajeong Lee
BACKGROUND: Abnormal serum potassium concentration has been suggested as a risk factor for mortality in patients undergoing dialysis patients. We investigated the impact of serum potassium levels on survival according to dialysis modality. METHODS: A nationwide, prospective, observational cohort study for end stage renal disease patients has been ongoing in Korea since August 2008. Our analysis included patients whose records contained data regarding serum potassium levels...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
55817
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"