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Becki Lawson, Robert A Robinson, Mike P Toms, Kate Risely, Susan MacDonald, Andrew A Cunningham
Provision of supplementary food for wild birds at garden feeding stations is a common, large-scale and year-round practice in multiple countries including Great Britain (GB). While these additional dietary resources can benefit wildlife, there is a concomitant risk of disease transmission, particularly when birds repeatedly congregate in the same place at high densities and through interactions of species that would not normally associate in close proximity. Citizen science schemes recording garden birds are popular and can integrate disease surveillance with population monitoring, offering a unique opportunity to explore inter-relationships between supplementary feeding, disease epidemiology and population dynamics...
May 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Caroline Vincent, Valentine Usongo, Chrystal Berry, Denise M Tremblay, Sylvain Moineau, Khadidja Yousfi, Florence Doualla-Bell, Eric Fournier, Céline Nadon, Lawrence Goodridge, Sadjia Bekal
Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg (S. Heidelberg) is one of the top serovars causing human salmonellosis. This serovar ranks second and third among serovars that cause human infections in Québec and Canada, respectively, and has been associated with severe infections. Traditional typing methods such as PFGE do not display adequate discrimination required to resolve outbreak investigations due to the low level of genetic diversity of isolates belonging to this serovar. This study evaluates the ability of four whole genome sequence (WGS)-based typing methods to differentiate among 145 S...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Manuela Hefele, Iris Stolzer, Barbara Ruder, Gui-Wei He, Mousumi Mahapatro, Stefan Wirtz, Markus F Neurath, Claudia Günther
Although induction of host cell death is a pivotal step during bacteria-induced gastroenteritis, the molecular regulation remains to be fully characterized. To expand our knowledge, we investigated the role of the central cell death regulator Caspase-8 in response to Salmonella Typhimurium. Here, we uncovered that intestinal salmonellosis was associated with strong upregulation of members of the host cell death machinery in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) as an early event, suggesting that elimination of infected IECs represents a host defense strategy...
March 8, 2018: Mucosal Immunology
Susanne E Keller, Nathan M Anderson, Can Wang, Stephen J Burbick, Ian M Hildebrandt, Lauren J Gonsalves, Quincy J Suehr, Sofia M Santillana Farakos
Ready-to-eat foods based on dried partially sprouted seeds have been associated with foodborne salmonellosis. Whereas research has focused on the potential for Salmonella initially present in or on seeds to grow and survive during fresh sprout production, little is known about the potential for growth and survival of Salmonella associated with seeds that have been partially sprouted and dried. The goal of this study was to determine the growth of Salmonella during soaking for partial germination of pumpkin, sunflower, and chia seeds and subsequent survival during drying and storage...
April 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Cristina Alicea, Bassam A Annous, Daiza P Mendez, Angela Burke, Lynette E Orellana
Fresh-cut cantaloupes have been implicated in numerous foodborne outbreaks of salmonellosis. Commercial aqueous wash treatments are limited in their ability to inactivate Salmonella enterica. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of hot water, gaseous chlorine dioxide, and chlorine on enhancing microbial safety and sensory qualities of fresh-cut cantaloupes. Cantaloupes were inoculated with an S. enterica cocktail (serovars Michigan, Mbandaka, and Poona) and treated with chlorine (200 ppm of free chlorine) for 40 min, 5 mg/L gaseous chlorine dioxide for 4...
April 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Sergio Villalpando-Guzmán, Carlos Ramón Vázquez-Quiñones, Iván Natividad-Bonifacio, Everardo Curiel-Quesada, Elsa Irma Quiñones-Ramírez, Carlos Vázquez-Salinas
BACKGROUND: Food of animal origin is often involved in salmonellosis outbreaks. AIM: To evaluate the frequency of Salmonella enterica in chicken, beef and pork ground meat (a total of 2,592 samples) obtained from travelling markets and supermarkets at the Iztapalapa area of Mexico City, in order to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility and adherence capacity of isolated strains. METHODS: Isolation of S. enterica was carried out according to the BAM-FDA, the microbial susceptibility according with CLSI and adherence assay on HEp-2 cell line according with Baffone et al...
October 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Ricardo Mitsuo Hayashi, Mariana Camargo Lourenço, Antônio Leonardo Kraieski, Raquel Bighetti Araujo, Ricardo Gonzalez-Esquerra, Eduardo Leonardecz, Anderson Ferreira da Cunha, Marcelo Falsarella Carazzolle, Paulo Sérgio Monzani, Elizabeth Santin
Salmonellosis is a poultry industry and public health concern worldwide. Recently, Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg (SH) has been reported in broilers in Brazil. The effect of feeding a blend of three strains of Bacillus subtilis (PRO) was studied in broilers orally challenged (107 CFU/chick) or not with a SH isolated in south of Brazil (UFPR1 strain). Twelve male Cobb 500 broilers per pen were randomly assigned to six treatments in a 3 × 2 factorial experiment where PRO was added at 0, 250, or 500 g/ton of broiler feed and fed to either SH-challenged (SH Control, SH + PRO 250, and SH + PRO 500) or non-challenged birds (Control, PRO 250, and PRO 500)...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Corrin V Wallis, Preena Lowden, Zoe V Marshall-Jones, Anthony C Hilton
BACKGROUND: Salmonella enterica is a recognised cause of diarrhoea in dogs and humans, yet the potential for transfer of salmonellosis between dogs and their owners is unclear, with reported evidence both for and against Salmonella as a zoonotic pathogen. A collection of 174 S. enterica isolates from clinical infections in humans and dogs were analysed for serotype distribution, carbon source utilisation, chemical and antimicrobial sensitivity profiles. The aim of the study was to understand the degree of conservation in phenotypic characteristics of isolates across host species...
February 26, 2018: BMC Microbiology
K S Sritha, Sarita G Bhat
Multidrug-resistant Salmonella causing Salmonellosis is a food-borne pathogen and hence a public health hazard. Alternatives to antibiotics, such as phages, are possible solutions to this increasing drug resistance. In this context, several Salmonella phages were isolated and characterized. This paper describes the physiochemical and whole genome characterization of one such bacteriophage, ΦStp1, which efficiently infects serovars Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium. Morphological observations by transmission electron microscopy and phylogenetic analysis using terminase gene classified ΦStp1 to family Siphoviridae, closely resembling 'T5 like phage' morpho-types...
February 24, 2018: Virus Genes
Victor A Amadi, Harry Hariharan, Gitanjali Arya, Vanessa Matthew-Belmar, Roxanne Nicholas-Thomas, Rhonda Pinckney, Ravindra Sharma, Roger Johnson
Non-typhoidal salmonellosis remains an important public health problem worldwide. Dogs may harbour Salmonella in their intestines and can easily shed Salmonella in the environment with the possibility of transmission to humans. Thus, monitoring is essential to understand the role of dogs in zoonotic transmission. The objectives of this study were to determine the shedding of Salmonella by owned, apparently healthy dogs in Grenada, West Indies, to identify the serovars, and to examine their antimicrobial susceptibility profiles...
February 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Michela Sabbatucci, Anna Maria Dionisi, Patrizio Pezzotti, Claudia Lucarelli, Lisa Barco, Marzia Mancin, Ida Luzzi
Human infections with Salmonella enterica serovar Napoli are uncommon in Europe. However, these infections represented 5.9% of salmonellosis cases in Italy during 2014-2015. The source of infection is unknown. We analyzed surveillance data and compared strain genetic similarities and found that contaminated vegetables and surface water are probable sources of human infection.
March 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Vanesa García, Inácio Mandomando, Joaquim Ruiz, Silvia Herrera-León, Pedro L Alonso, M Rosario Rodicio
Background and purpose: Invasive nontyphoidal salmonellosis, mostly caused by serovars Typhimurium and Enteritidis of Salmonella enterica , has emerged as a major public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was the clinical and microbiological characterization of nontyphoidal salmonellosis episodes affecting febrile children in Mozambique. Patients and methods: The clinical records of the patients were evaluated, and S. enterica isolates were characterized with regard to serovar, phage type, antimicrobial resistance (phenotype/responsible genes), plasmid content, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, and multilocus sequence typing...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Sarah D Shaw, Henry Stämpfli
Acute, infectious, diarrhea in adult horses is a major cause of morbidity and is associated with numerous complications. Common causes include salmonellosis, clostridiosis, Coronavirus, and infection with Neorickettsia risticii (Potomac horse fever). Treatment is empirical and supportive until results of specific diagnostic tests are available. Supportive care is aimed at restoring hydration, correcting electrolyte imbalances, and limiting the systemic inflammatory response. The mainstays of therapy are intravenous fluid therapy, electrolyte supplementation where necessary, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, and nutritional support...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
D Eikmeier, C Medus, K Smith
Incubation period for non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) infections is generally reported as 6-72 h despite numerous reports of foodborne NTS outbreaks with median incubation periods >3 days. We summarised 16 years of Minnesota foodborne NTS outbreaks to better estimate the expected range of incubation periods for NTS infections. Of the 1517 NTS outbreak cases, 725 had enough data to calculate a precise incubation period. The median incubation period was 45 h; 77 (11%) cases had incubations ⩽12 h and 211 (29%) cases had incubations >72 h...
February 7, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Valentine Usongo, Chrystal Berry, Khadidja Yousfi, Florence Doualla-Bell, Genevieve Labbé, Roger Johnson, Eric Fournier, Celine Nadon, Lawrence Goodridge, Sadjia Bekal
Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg (S. Heidelberg) is one of the top serovars causing human salmonellosis. The core genome single nucleotide variant pipeline (cgSNV) is one of several whole genome based sequence typing methods used for the laboratory investigation of foodborne pathogens. SNV detection using this method requires a reference genome. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the choice of the reference genome on the cgSNV-informed phylogenetic clustering and inferred isolate relationships...
2018: PloS One
Dorothy Vosik, Deepanker Tewari, Lisa Dettinger, Nkuchia M M'ikanatha, Nikki W Shariat
Although infrequently associated with reported salmonellosis in humans, Salmonella enterica, subsp. enterica serovar Kentucky (ser. Kentucky) is the most common nonclinical, nonhuman serovar reported in the United States. The goal of this study was to use Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)-multi-virulence-locus sequence typing (MVLST) to subtype a collection of human clinical isolates of ser. Kentucky submitted to the Pennsylvania Department of Health and to determine the extent of antibiotic resistance in these strains...
February 2, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
D L Piyasiri, P Chandrasiri, H S Jayasinghe, S Pathirage, P M Sapukotana, T S Gamage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
Juber Herrera-Uribe, Sara Zaldívar-López, Carmen Aguilar, Cristina Luque, Rocío Bautista, Ana Carvajal, M Gonzalo Claros, Juan J Garrido
Salmonellosis is a gastrointestinal disease caused by non-typhoidal Salmonella serovars such as Salmonella Typhimurium. This pathology is a zoonosis, and food animals with subclinical infection constitute a vast reservoir for disease. After intestinal colonization, Salmonella Typhimurium reaches mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN), where infection is controlled avoiding systemic spread. Although the molecular basis of this infection has been extensively studied, little is known about how microRNA (miRNA) regulate the expression of proteins involved in the Salmonella-host interaction...
February 1, 2018: Veterinary Research
Yu-Cheng Chiang, Hsien-Huang Wang, Latha Ramireddy, Hsin-Yen Chen, Chia-Ming Shih, Chien-Ku Lin, Hau-Yang Tsen
Salmonella-contaminated foods, especially poultry-derived foods (eggs, chicken meat), are the major source of salmonellosis. Not only in the European Union (EU), but also in the United States, Japan, and other countries, has salmonellosis been an issue of concern for food safety control agencies. In 2005, EU regulation 1003/2005 set a target for the control and reduction of five target Salmonella enterica serovars-S. Typhimurium, S. Enteritidis, S. Infantis, S. Hadar, and S. Virchow-in breeding flocks. Thus, a simple biochip for the rapid detection of any of these five Salmonella serovars in poultry products may be required...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Dadi Marami, Konjit Hailu, Moti Tolera
OBJECTIVE: Salmonellosis and Shigellosis remain a major public health problem across the globe, particularly in developing countries like Ethiopia, where hand hygiene and food microbiology are still below the required standards. The growing problem of antimicrobial resistance species also continues to pose public health challenges. This study assessed the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Salmonella and Shigella species among asymptomatic food handlers. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 417 randomly selected asymptomatic food handlers...
January 25, 2018: BMC Research Notes
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