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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146261/a-comprehensive-review-of-non-enterica-subspecies-of-salmonella-enterica
#1
REVIEW
Alexandre Lamas, José Manuel Miranda, Patricia Regal, Beatriz Vázquez, Carlos Manuel Franco, Alberto Cepeda
Salmonella is a major foodborne pathogen with a complex nomenclature. This genus is composed of two species, S. enterica and S. bongori. S. enterica is divided into six subspecies. S. enterica subspecies enterica is composed of more than 1500 serotypes with some of great importance, such as S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis. S. enterica subsp. enterica is responsible of more than 99% of human salmonellosis and therefore it is widely studied. However, the non-enterica subspecies of S. enterica have been little studied...
January 2018: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106298/phenotypic-and-molecular-characterization-of-salmonella-enteritidis-se86-isolated-from-poultry-and-salmonellosis-outbreaks
#2
Karen Apellanis Borges, Thales Quedi Furian, Sara Neves de Souza, Rafaela Menezes, Carlos Tadeu Pippi Salle, Hamilton Luiz de Souza Moraes, Eduardo César Tondo, Vladimir Pinheiro do Nascimento
Salmonella Enteritidis remains a standout among the leading causes of foodborne diseases worldwide. Previous studies have demonstrated that a unique clonal group of Salmonella Enteritidis, named SE86, is involved in foodborne outbreaks in southern Brazil and is frequently identified among strains isolated from poultry. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of the isolation source (food products involved in salmonellosis outbreaks and poultry sources) on the phenotypic and molecular characteristics of Salmonella Enteritidis SE86...
November 6, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103699/salmonella-spp-and-listeria-monocytogenes-shedding-in-domestic-ruminants-and-characterization-of-potentially-pathogenic-strains
#3
Ana Hurtado, Medelin Ocejo, Beatriz Oporto
Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes are important human pathogens that can be isolated from the faeces of ruminants, and constitute potential sources of human infection via contamination of food and water or contact (direct or indirect) between humans and animals. A cross-sectional survey including 301 herds was carried out to estimate the prevalence of cattle herds (beef and dairy) and sheep flocks positive for these zoonotic organisms in ruminants in the Basque Country (Northern Spain). The proportion of herds where Salmonella shedding was detected was 5...
October 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081808/extraintestinal-salmonellosis-in-the-immunocompromised-an-unusual-case-of-pyomyositis
#4
Veeraraghavan Meyyur Aravamudan, Phang Kee Fong, Pavel Singh, Jong Sze Chin, Yang Shiyao Sam, P A Tambyah
Salmonella infection can cause a wide range of presentations, predominantly gastrointestinal but occasionally with cardiovascular or other extraintestinal manifestations. The diagnosis of extraintestinal salmonellosis requires a high degree of clinical suspicion and should be considered in patients with deep-seated abscesses especially if they are immunocompromised. We present a case of salmonella causing gastroenteritis complicated by an intramuscular abscess of the left leg. With prompt recognition and multidisciplinary management, the patient recovered with no serious sequela...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073182/blood-parameters-as-biomarkers-in-a-salmonella-spp-disease-model-of-weaning-piglets
#5
Emili Barba-Vidal, Victor Fernando Buttow Roll, Edgar Garcia Manzanilla, Carlos Torrente, José Antonio Moreno Muñoz, José Francisco Pérez, Susana María Martín-Orúe
BACKGROUND: The weaning pig is used as an experimental model to assess the impact of diet on intestinal health. Blood parameters (BP) are considered a useful tool in humans, but there is very scarce information of such indicators in the weaning pig. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the use of different BP as indicators in an experimental model of salmonellosis. METHODOLOGY: Seventy-two 28-day-old piglets were divided into four groups in a 2x2 factorial arrangement, with animals receiving or not a probiotic combination based on B...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055978/determining-the-prevalence-of-inv-positive-and-ail-positive-yersinia-enterocolitica-in-pig-tonsils-using-pcr-and-culture-methods
#6
Milena Alicja Stachelska
BACKGROUND: Yersiniosis is believed to be the third most common intestinal zoonosis in the European Union, after campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis. Yersinia enterocolitica is the most common species responsible for human infections. Pigs are regarded as the biggest reservoir of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica strains, which are mainly isolated from pig tonsils. The aim of this paper is to examine the prevalence of inv-positive and ail-positive Y. enterocolitica in pigs which were slaughtered in a Polish abattoir...
July 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054908/strange-case-of-dimorphic-skin-rash-in-a-patient-with-cirrhosis-atypical-herpes-simplex-and-sweet-s-syndrome
#7
Cyriac Abby Philips, Rajaguru Paramaguru, Philip Augustine
A middle-aged man with decompensated cirrhosis and a dimorphic multisite skin rash is diagnosed with rare atypical herpes simplex infection, manifesting Sweet's syndrome (SS) in the absence of other described associations. SS, an acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, has three common forms-classical or idiopathic, malignancy associated and drug induced. Systemic autoimmune, connective tissue diseases and infections are also strong associations. The latter is commonly described in Gram-positive bacteria, salmonellosis and Yersinia Herpes infections are a rare cause of SS, reported only thrice in literature, one with concomitant lupus, the second with associated mycobacterial infection and third, in metastatic breast disease in contrast to our patient...
October 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051251/genome-sequences-of-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-serovar-kentucky-sequence-type-152-isolated-from-dairy-cows-in-the-united-states
#8
Bradd J Haley, Yan Luo, Charles Wang, Eric Brown, Marc Allard, Jeffrey S Karns, Jo Ann S Van Kessel
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Kentucky (S. Kentucky) is frequently isolated from dairy cows in the United States, but is an infrequent cause of human salmonellosis. To investigate the genomic features of S Kentucky strains isolated from a single dairy farm, the genomes of eight isolates were sequenced and added to the public domain.
October 19, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049011/-omics-of-food-borne-gastroenteritis-global-proteomic-and-mutagenic-analysis-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-enteritidis
#9
Aryashree Arunima, Soujanya D Yelamanchi, Chandrashekhar Padhi, Sangeeta Jaiswal, Daniel Ryan, Bhawna Gupta, Gajanan Sathe, Jayshree Advani, Harsha Gowda, T S Keshava Prasad, Mrutyunjay Suar
Salmonella Enteritidis causes food-borne gastroenteritis by the two type three secretion systems (TTSS). TTSS-1 mediates invasion through intestinal lining, and TTSS-2 facilitates phagocytic survival. The pathogens' ability to infect effectively under TTSS-1-deficient background in host's phagocytes is poorly understood. Therefore, pathobiological understanding of TTSS-1-defective nontyphoidal Salmonellosis is highly important. We performed a comparative global proteomic analysis of the isogenic TTSS-1 mutant of Salmonella Enteritidis (M1511) and its wild-type isolate P125109...
October 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045813/antimicrobial-resistance-virulence-genes-and-genetic-relatedness-of-salmonella-enterica-serotype-enteritidis-isolates-recovered-from-human-gastroenteritis-in-tehran-iran
#10
Fatemeh Fardsanei, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Masoumeh Douraghi, Hamed Memariani, Bita Bakhshi, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Farhad Nikkhahi
OBJECTIVES: Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) is a major serotype associated with human salmonellosis. The main objective of this study was to determine antibiotic susceptibility patterns and the presence of virulence-associated genes among S. Enteritidis strains isolated from patients with gastroenteritis in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: Over a period of 14 months between May 2015 to July 2016, 44S. Enteritidis isolates recovered from clinical sources were characterised for antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence genes...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040071/prevalence-and-direct-costs-of-emergency-department-visits-and-hospitalizations-for-selected-diseases-that-can-be-transmitted-by-water-united-states
#11
E A Adam, S A Collier, K E Fullerton, J W Gargano, M J Beach
National emergency department (ED) visit prevalence and costs for selected diseases that can be transmitted by water were estimated using large healthcare databases (acute otitis externa, campylobacteriosis, cryptosporidiosis, Escherichia coli infection, free-living ameba infection, giardiasis, hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, Legionnaires' disease, nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection, Pseudomonas-related pneumonia or septicemia, salmonellosis, shigellosis, and vibriosis or cholera). An estimated 477,000 annual ED visits (95% CI: 459,000-494,000) were documented, with 21% (n = 101,000, 95% CI: 97,000-105,000) resulting in immediate hospital admission...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034124/multi-provincial-salmonellosis-outbreak-related-to-newly-hatched-chicks-and-poults-a-genomics-perspective
#12
Matthew A Croxen, Kimberley A Macdonald, Matthew Walker, Nancy deWith, Erin Zabek, Christy Peterson, Aleisha Reimer, Linda Chui, Lorelee Tschetter, Linda Hoang, Robin K King
BACKGROUND: A multi-provincial outbreak of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis was linked to newly hatched chicks and poults from a single hatchery during the spring of 2015. In total, there were 61 human cases that were epidemiologically confirmed to be linked to the chicks and poults and the outbreak was deemed to have ended in the summer of 2015. METHODS: PulseNet Canada, in coordination with the affected provinces, used genome sequencing of human and agricultural Salmonella Enteritidis isolates to aid in the epidemiological investigation, while also using traditional typing methods such as phagetyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)...
August 9, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030321/destination-specific-risks-of-acquisition-of-notifiable-food-and-waterborne-infections-or-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-finnish-international-travellers-1995-2015
#13
Viktor Zöldi, Jussi Sane, Anu Kantele, Ruska Rimhanen-Finne, Saara Salmenlinna, Outi Lyytikäinen
BACKGROUND: Overnight international travels made by Finns more than doubled during 1995-2015. To estimate risks and observe trends of travel-related notifiable sexually transmitted and food- and water-borne infections (STIs and FWIs) among travellers, we analysed national reports of gonorrhoea, syphilis, hepatitis A, shigellosis, campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis cases and related them to travel statistics. METHOD: Cases notified as travel-related to the Finnish infectious diseases register were used as numerators and overnight stays of Statistics Finland surveys as denominator...
October 10, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028435/evaluation-of-agricultural-interventions-on-human-and-poultry-related-salmonella-enteritidis-in-british-columbia
#14
Marsha Taylor, William Cox, Michael Otterstatter, Nancy de With, Eleni Galanis
A collaborative investigation between public health and animal health led to numerous interventions along the food chain in response to an outbreak of human salmonellosis and increased incidence of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) among poultry. Incidence of both human and chicken SE decreased substantially in 2012 and 2013 following these interventions. We used time series analysis to assess the impact of three interventions: vaccination of broiler breeder flocks, separation in the hatchery of breeder eggs, and an industry order to stop farm-gate sales of ungraded broiler hatching eggs...
October 13, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024207/maternal-vaccination-as-a-salmonella-typhimurium-reduction-strategy-on-pig-farms
#15
Richard P Smith, Victor Andres, Francesca Martelli, Becky Gosling, Francisco Marco-Jimenez, Kelly Vaughan, Monika Tchorzewska, Rob Davies
AIMS: The control of Salmonella in pig production is necessary for public and animal health and vaccination was evaluated as a strategy to decrease pig prevalence. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study examined the efficacy of a live Salmonella Typhimurium vaccine, administered to sows on eight commercial farrow-to-finish herds experiencing clinical salmonellosis or Salmonella carriage associated with S. Typhimurium or its monophasic variants. Results of longitudinal Salmonella sampling were compared against eight similarly selected and studied control farms...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994611/modeling-the-survival-of-salmonella-enteritidis-and-salmonella-typhimurium-during-the-fermentation-of-yogurt
#16
Derya Savran, Fernando Pérez-Rodríguez, A Kadir Halkman
The objective of this study was to evaluate the behavior of Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium, the two most important serovars of salmonellosis , during the fermentation of yogurt. The microorganisms were enumerated in milk throughout the fermentation process at three initial inoculum levels (3, 5 and 7 log CFU/mL). DMFit software was used in the fitting procedure of the data (IFR, Norwich, UK, Version 3.5). The data provided sigmoidal curves that were successfully displayed with the Baranyi model...
January 1, 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992930/risk-for-zoonotic-salmonella-transmission-from-pet-reptiles-a-survey-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-reptile-owners-related-to-reptile-husbandry
#17
Marialaura Corrente, Giancarlo Sangiorgio, Erika Grandolfo, Livia Bodnar, Cristiana Catella, Adriana Trotta, Vito Martella, Domenico Buonavoglia
Reptiles are becoming increasingly popular as pets. Those animals are reservoirs of a wide variety of Salmonella serotypes, that may be transmitted to warm-blooded animals, including humans. Accordingly, good hygiene practices related to husbandry are important for prevention of Reptile-associated salmonellosis (RAS). A cross-sectional study was conducted among reptile owners, by administration of a detailed questionnaire. In addition, the cloacal swabs of the sampled reptiles were screened for Salmonella spp...
October 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981377/detection-of-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-serovar-cubana-from-naturally-contaminated-chick-feed
#18
Faiza Benahmed, Hua Wang, Junia Jean-Gilles Beaubrun, Gopal R Gopinath, Chorng-Ming Cheng, Darcy E Hanes, Thomas S Hammack, Mark Rasmussen, Maureen K Davidson
Because some significant outbreaks of human salmonellosis have been traced to contaminated animal feed, the rapid and efficient detection of Salmonella in feed is essential. However, the current U.S. Food and Drug Administration Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM) culture method that uses lactose broth as a preenrichment medium has not reliably supported the results of real-time PCR assays for certain foods. We evaluated the BAM culture method and a quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay using two preenrichment media, modified buffered peptone water and lactose broth, to detect Salmonella enterica subsp...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963445/molecular-characterization-of-antimicrobial-multi-drug-resistance-in-non-typhoidal-salmonellae-from-chicken-and-clam-in-mangalore-india
#19
Yemisi Olukemi Adesiji, Santhosh Kogaluru Shivakumaraswamy, Vijaya Kumar Deekshit, Girisha Shivani Kallappa, Indrani Karunasagar
Salmonella enterica has been documented as one of the leading causes of salmonellosis throughout the world and is most commonly associated with the consumption of contaminated food products. Thus, this research was aimed at studying the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and detection of quinolone resistance in Salmonella spp isolated from food of animal origin. Thirty-six Salmonella isolates comprising 8 from poultry and 28 from seafood (clams) were identified, serotyped and characterized for their antimicrobial susceptibility against 10 different antibiotics...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956995/frequency-and-duration-of-fecal-shedding-of-salmonella-serovars-heidelberg-and-typhimurium-by-experimentally-infected-laying-hens-housed-in-enriched-colony-cages-at-different-stocking-densities
#20
Richard K Gast, Rupa Guraya, Deana R Jones, Jean Guard, Kenneth E Anderson, Darrin M Karcher
Eggs contaminated with Salmonella Enteritidis are leading sources of human salmonellosis, but Salmonella Heidelberg and Salmonella Typhimurium are also egg-associated pathogens. The management practices and housing facilities characterizing different systems for housing commercial egg flocks can influence Salmonella persistence and transmission. Animal welfare aspects of poultry housing have been widely debated, but their food safety ramifications are not thoroughly understood. The present study assessed the effects of two different bird stocking densities on the frequency and duration of fecal shedding of strains of Salmonella Heidelberg and Salmonella Typhimurium in groups of experimentally infected laying hens housed in colony cages enriched with perching and nesting areas...
September 2017: Avian Diseases
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