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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741960/retention-of-viability-of-salmonella-in-sucrose-as-affected-by-type-of-inoculum-water-activity-and-storage-temperature
#1
Larry R Beuchat, David A Mann, Christine A Kelly, Ynes R Ortega
Outbreaks of salmonellosis have been associated with consumption of high-sugar, low-water activity (aw) foods. The study reported here was focused on determining the effect of storage temperature (5 and 25°C) on survival of initially high and low levels of Salmonella in dry-inoculated sucrose (aw 0.26 ± 0.01 to 0.54 ± 0.01) and wet-inoculated sucrose (aw 0.24 ± 0.01 to 0.44 ± 0.04) over a 52-week period. With the exception of dry-inoculated sucrose at aw 0.26, Salmonella survived for 52 weeks in dry- and wet-inoculated sucrose stored at 5 and 25°C...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738871/highly-suspected-cases-of-salmonellosis-in-two-cats-fed-with-a-commercial-raw-meat-based-diet-health-risks-to-animals-and-zoonotic-implications
#2
Federica Giacometti, Jacopo Magarotto, Andrea Serraino, Silvia Piva
BACKGROUND: Feeding raw meat-based diets (RMBD) to companion animals raises public health concerns for both animals and humans. While considerable attention has been paid to bacterial contamination of commercial pet food, few literature studies have investigated foodborne disease in companion animals. Salmonellosis is reported to be infrequent in cats but no known data or studies estimating feline salmonellosis are available or large-scale epidemiological studies assessing Salmonella risk factors...
July 24, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723869/chronic-disseminated-salmonellosis-in-a-patient-with-interleukin-12p40-deficiency
#3
Emadia Mohammad Alaki, Fahad Aljobair, Faisal Alaklobi, Mobarak Al Shamrani, Fahad Al-Zahim, Aziza Dongues, Jean-Laurent Casanova
Interleukin (IL)-12 is composed of p35 and p40 subunit, in this case IL-12p40 deficiency is a rare genetic etiology of Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease (MSMD). Salmonellosis has been reported in almost half of these patients and mostly present in recurrent extra intestinal form. In this report, we described an 18 month old boy with absence of IL12p40 production suffering from chronic disseminated non-typhoidal salmonellosis. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported case.
July 18, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719263/burden-of-disease-attributed-to-waterborne-transmission-of-selected-enteric-pathogens-australia-2010
#4
Katherine B Gibney, Joanne O'Toole, Martha Sinclair, Karin Leder
AbstractUniversal access to safe drinking water is a global priority. To estimate the annual disease burden of campylobacteriosis, nontyphoidal salmonellosis, cryptosporidiosis, giardiasis, and norovirus attributable to waterborne transmission in Australia, we multiplied regional World Health Organization (WHO) estimates of the proportion of cases attributable to waterborne transmission by estimates of all-source disease burden for each study pathogen. Norovirus was attributed as causing the most waterborne disease cases (479,632; 95% uncertainty interval [UI]: 0-1,111,874) followed by giardiasis and campylobacteriosis...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718270/salmonella-infection-amongst-food-workers-in-lahore
#5
Sajjad Ullah, Saira Bashir, Akif Qasim
This descriptive observational study was conducted at Pathology lab Jinnah hospital, Lahore, January 2013 to October 2015. We include all the food workers in different restaurants, slaughters, inn, recreation centre and bakeries of Lahore for the purpose to identify the salmonella infection, we used Typhoid IgGI/IgM Rapid test device methods (Serum/Plasma), is a lateral flow chromatographic immunoassay technique were calculated. We analysed 1025 individuals, 62 (6%) were found positive for the said diseases out of which 14 (1...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717851/multidrug-resistant-salmonellae-isolated-in-japanese-quails-reared-in-abeokuta-nigeria
#6
Ezekiel O Omoshaba, F O Olufemi, O E Ojo, A O Sonibare, M Agbaje
Salmonellosis is a major bacterial disease causing huge economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. This study was carried out to determine the period prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella enterica in Japanese quails in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Four hundred cloacal swabs of quail birds were collected from 4 locations within Abeokuta. Salmonella was isolated from the samples using conventional methods for selective isolation of Salmonella and biochemical identification. Isolates were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction assays for the amplification and detection of Salmonella-associated virulence genes (invA and stn) using specific primers...
July 17, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717307/traditional-treatment-of-human-and-animal-salmonelloses-in-southern-benin-knowledge-of-farmers-and-traditherapists
#7
T V Dougnon, E Déguénon, L Fah, B Lègba, Y M G Hounmanou, J Agbankpè, A Amadou, H Koudokpon, K Fabiyi, A Aniambossou, P Assogba, E Hounsa, M de Souza, F Avlessi, T J Dougnon, F Gbaguidi, M Boko, H S Bankolé, L Baba-Moussa
AIM: This study aimed to report medicinal plants that are likely to be used in the control of salmonellosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Southern Benin. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered to 150 farmers and 100 traditional therapists in seven high municipalities. This step helped to collect plants that are used in the treatment of animal salmonellosis and typhoid fever in human. RESULTS: The results revealed a low level of use of medicinal plants among breeders who prefer antibiotics such as oxytetracycline (53...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702137/phage-therapy-assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-a-bacteriophage-isolated-in-the-treatment-of-salmonellosis-induced-by-salmonella-enteritidis-in-mice
#8
Farhad Nikkhahi, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Mahmood Alimohammadi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Zahra Rajabi, Fatemeh Fardsanei, Seyed Mostafa Imeni, Parisa Torabi Bonab
AIM: This work aims to isolate and perform comparative studies of a phages active against a Salmonella enteritidis strain from Iran. Also, suitable phage candidates for therapy of mice will be selected. BACKGROUND: Bacteriophage is of particular interest as a biocontrol agent in the prevention of food-borne illnesses. In recent years tend to use bacteriophages to control pathogenic bacteria has increased. A bacteriophage is considered to be a potent antibiotic alternative for treating bacterial infections...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696782/development-of-a-novel-rapid-multiplex-polymerase-chain-reaction-assay-for-the-detection-and-differentiation-of-salmonella-enterica-serovars-enteritidis-and-typhimurium-using-ultra-fast-convection-polymerase-chain-reaction
#9
Tae-Hoon Kim, Hyun Jin Hwang, Jeong Hee Kim
Salmonella enterica serovars Enteritidis and Typhimurium are the most common causative agents of human nontyphoidal salmonellosis. The rapid detection and timely treatment of salmonellosis are important to increase the curative ratio and prevent spreading of the disease. In this study, we developed a rapid multiplex convection polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to detect Salmonella spp. and differentiate Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium. We used the invA gene for Salmonella spp. detection...
July 11, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692655/population-based-incidence-seasonality-and-serotype-distribution-of-invasive-salmonellosis-among-children-in-nanoro-rural-burkina-faso
#10
Issa Guiraud, Annelies Post, Seydou Nakanabo Diallo, Palpouguini Lompo, Jessica Maltha, Kamala Thriemer, Christian Marc Tahita, Benedikt Ley, Karim Derra, Emmanuel Bottieau, Adama Kazienga, Céline Schurmans, Raffaella Ravinetto, Eli Rouamba, Johan Van Griensven, Sophie Bertrand, Halidou Tinto, Jan Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) caused by Salmonella Typhi and invasive non-Typhoidal Salmonella (iNTS) frequently affect children living in rural sub-Saharan Africa but data about incidence and serotype distribution are rare. OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the population-based incidence of Salmonella BSI and severe malaria in a Health and Demographic Surveillance System in a rural area with seasonal malaria transmission in Nanoro, Burkina Faso. METHODS: Children between 2 months-15 years old with severe febrile illness were enrolled during a one-year surveillance period (May 2013-May 2014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691011/diversity-of-antimicrobial-resistance-phenotypes-in-salmonella-isolated-from-commercial-poultry-farms
#11
Karen A Liljebjelke, Charles L Hofacre, David G White, Sherry Ayers, Margie D Lee, John J Maurer
Salmonella remains the leading cause of foodborne illness in the United States, and the dissemination of drug-resistant Salmonellae through the food chain has important implications for treatment failure of salmonellosis. We investigated the ecology of Salmonella in integrated broiler production in order to understand the flow of antibiotic susceptible and resistant strains within this system. Data were analyzed from a retrospective study focused on antimicrobial resistant Salmonella recovered from commercial broiler chicken farms conducted during the initial years of the US FDA's foray into retail meat surveillance by the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS)...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681830/isolation-of-salmonella-typhi-from-high-vaginal-swab-in-a-case-of-septic-abortion
#12
Pragnya Paramita Jena, Shalini Dewan Duggal, Avinash Kumar, Tanisha Bharara, Abha Sharma, Renu Gur
Salmonella Typhi can be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in pregnant females with adverse outcomes. Risk of infections increases manifold during pregnancy due to hormonal changes and immunological phenomena. S. Typhi has the ability to cross placenta (vertical transmission) resulting in miscarriage, stillbirth or premature labour. We report a case of a pregnant female who was admitted to emergency department with fever, missed abortion and hypovolaemic shock. Subsequently, S. Typhi was isolated from her high vaginal swab and blood cultures...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673763/demographic-characterization-and-spatial-cluster-analysis-of-human-salmonella-1-4-5-12-i-infections-in-portugal-a-10year-study
#13
R Seixas, T Nunes, J Machado, L Tavares, S P Owen, F Bernardo, M Oliveira
Salmonella 1,4,[5],12:i:- is presently considered one of the major serovars responsible for human salmonellosis worldwide. Due to its recent emergence, studies assessing the demographic characterization and spatial epidemiology of salmonellosis 1,4,[5],12:i:- at local- or country-level are lacking. In this study, a analysis was conducted over a 10year period, from 2000 to the first quarter of 2011 at the Portuguese National Laboratory in Portugal mainland, with a total of 215 Salmonella 1,4,[5],12:i:- serotyped isolates obtained from human infections by a passive surveillance system...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665627/incidence-of-nontyphoidal-salmonella-intestinal-infections-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2007-2016
#14
Valerie F Williams, Shauna Stahlman, Gi-Taik Oh
During 2007-2016, there were 1,536 incident cases of nontyphoidal Salmonella infection among active component service members, with an overall crude incidence rate of 12.4 cases per 100,000 person-years (p-yrs). The overall rate for the period was higher among female service members than males. Service members aged 50 years or older and those aged 25-29 years had the highest rates of nontyphoidal Salmonella infection. Compared to their respective counterparts, overall rates were highest among non-Hispanic white service members, members of the Air Force, junior officers, recruits, and service members in healthcare occupations...
June 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663302/complete-genome-sequences-of-two-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-serovar-enteritidis-strains-isolated-from-egg-products-in-the-united-states
#15
Lijun Hu, Guodong Zhang, Marc W Allard, Kuan Yao, Robert Stones, Maria Hoffmann, Eric W Brown
Egg-associated salmonellosis is an important public health problem in many countries. Here, we report the genome sequences, including plasmids, of two strains of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis isolated from egg products in 2012 and 2013 in the United States. This will provide more information and insight into the research about egg-associated salmonellosis.
June 29, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662015/multistate-outbreak-of-salmonella-anatum-infections-linked-to-imported-hot-peppers-united-states-may-july-2016
#16
Rashida Hassan, Joshua Rounds, Alida Sorenson, Greg Leos, Jeniffer Concepción-Acevedo, Taylor Griswold, Adiam Tesfai, Tyann Blessington, Cerise Hardy, Colin Basler
Foodborne salmonellosis causes an estimated 1 million illnesses and 400 deaths annually in the United States (1). Salmonella Anatum is one of the top 20 Salmonella serotypes in the United States. During 2013-2015 there were approximately 300-350 annual illnesses reported to PulseNet, the national molecular subtyping network for foodborne disease surveillance. In June 2016, PulseNet identified a cluster of 16 Salmonella Anatum infections with an indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern from four states...
June 30, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660788/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-a-genetically-modified-live-vaccine-in-broilers-challenged-with-salmonella-heidelberg
#17
Eduardo Correa Muniz, Renato Verdi, Joice Aparecida Leão, Alberto Back, Vladimir Pinheiro do Nascimento
Salmonellosis ranks among the major diseases of commercial poultry, and its presence in poultry flocks is responsible for economic losses and risks related to public health. Vaccines are an important tool within integrated programs to control salmonellosis. The purpose of this study was to assess cross-protection provided by the Poulvac(®) ST vaccine in the control of Salmonella Heidelberg (SH) in experimentally challenged 3- and 21-day-old birds. Eighty birds were identified and separated into four treatments (T1: vaccinated and challenged at 3 days of age, T2: unvaccinated and challenged at 3 days of age, T3: vaccinated and challenged at 21 days of age, and T4: unvaccinated and challenged at 21 days of age)...
June 29, 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660201/the-potential-link-between-thermal-resistance-and-virulence-in-salmonella-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Turki M Dawoud, Morgan L Davis, Si Hong Park, Sun Ae Kim, Young Min Kwon, Nathan Jarvis, Corliss A O'Bryan, Zhaohao Shi, Philip G Crandall, Steven C Ricke
In some animals, the typical body temperature can be higher than humans, for example, 42°C in poultry and 40°C in rabbits which can be a potential thermal stress challenge for pathogens. Even in animals with lower body temperatures, when infection occurs, the immune system may increase body temperature to reduce the chance of survival for pathogens. However, some pathogens can still easily overcome higher body temperatures and/or rise in body temperatures through expression of stress response mechanisms. Salmonella is the causative agent of one of the most prevalent foodborne illnesses, salmonellosis, and can readily survive over a wide range of temperatures due to the efficient expression of the heat (thermal) stress response...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648297/modeling-the-risk-of-salmonellosis-from-consumption-of-pistachios-produced-and-consumed-in-the-united-states
#19
Elisabetta Lambertini, Javad Barouei, Donald W Schaffner, Michelle D Danyluk, Linda J Harris
The risk of salmonellosis from consumption of pistachios produced and consumed in the U.S. was assessed through quantitative microbial risk assessment. Data on Salmonella prevalence and concentration on pistachios, nut crop volume, storage times and temperatures during processing and handling, and reductions during storage or from roasting were derived from laboratory experiments, published literature, and industry expert opinion. Uncertainty was analyzed via what-if scenarios for Salmonella prevalence, concentration, storage reduction, treatment variability, portion of crop treated, and increased consumption...
October 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647473/-rotavirus-salmonella-coinfection-due-to-turtles-two-cases-with-exotic-pets
#20
M Angot, F Labbe, A Duquenoy, P Le Roux
Salmonellosis is a leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis, responsible for invasive infections especially in young children. Reptiles are salmonella reservoirs, and the indirect contact via parents' hands may be responsible for contamination. We report on two cases of Salmonella-rotavirus coinfection secondary to the presence of turtles in the home.
June 21, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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