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P Pagnini, P Vannucchi, B Giannoni, R Pecci
Migrainous headache is determined by pathogenetic mechanisms that are also able to affect the peripheral and/or central vestibular system, so that vestibular symptoms may substitute and/or present with headache. We are convinced that there can be many different manifestations of vestibular disorders in migrainous patients, representing true different clinical entities due to their different characteristics and temporal relashionship with headache. Based on such considerations, we proposed a classification of vertigo and other vestibular disorders related to migraine, and believe that a particular variant of migraine-related vertigo should be introduced, namely "epigone migraine vertigo" (EMV): this could be a kind of late migraine equivalent, i...
February 2014: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
G Bronzetti, A Patrizi, F Giacomini, F Savoia, B Raone, M Brighenti, M Bonvicini, I Neri, G D Gargiulo
Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign tumors of infancy and usually they don't require specific therapy. In 10-20% of cases IHs are able to generate complication and medical/surgical intervention is needed. For many decades standard treatment consisted in oral or intralesional corticosteroids until Leaute-Labreze and colleagues published the first report on the efficacy of propranolol for cutaneous infantile hemangiomas in 2008. IHs can be sometimes part of complex syndrome. Here we report the case of a patient with tetralogy of Fallot operated at 5 month of age who stopped propranolol treatment for hypoxic spells and unusually developed facial and subglottic IHs configuring the diagnosis of PHACES syndrome (posterior fossa brain malformations, hemangioma, arterial anomalies, cardiac defects and/or aortic coarctation, ocular anomalies and sternal defects)...
2014: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Shahid Raza Khalid, Shahzad Maqbool, Nusrat Raza, Tahir Mukhtar, Aamer Ikram, Shahbaz Qureshi
Hematohidrosis is a rare condition of excreting blood in sweat, tears or any other part of the body, with varied underlying etiologies and variable success to different available treatment modalities. We are reporting one such case of an adult female who could secrete blood from eyes and ears simultaneously either due to crying as a result of emotional outburst or even sometimes voluntarily. Considering her origin from tribal culture, she was often thought to be victim of some evil spell. The lady had taken various spiritual treatments from Pirs and various forms of medical treatments from homeopaths, quacks and medical doctors, but of no relief...
April 2013: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Eduardo E Benarroch
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is defined by a heart rate increment of 30 beats/min or more within 10 minutes of standing or head-up tilt in the absence of orthostatic hypotension; the standing heart rate is often 120 beats/min or higher. POTS manifests with symptoms of cerebral hypoperfusion and excessive sympathoexcitation. The pathophysiology of POTS is heterogeneous and includes impaired sympathetically mediated vasoconstriction, excessive sympathetic drive, volume dysregulation, and deconditioning...
December 2012: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Alejandro A Rabinstein, Eduardo E Benarroch
Episodes of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity, sometimes referred to as autonomic storms, are not uncommon in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Their distinctive characteristics include fever, tachycardia, hypertension, tachypnea, hyperhidrosis, and dystonic posturing. The episodes may be induced by stimulation or may occur spontaneously. Their pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated, but the manifestations clearly indicate activation or disinhibition of sympathoexcitatory areas. These spells are often confused with seizures, leading to unnecessary treatment with antiepileptic drugs...
March 2008: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
Alaa-Basiouni S Mahmoud, Amira El Tantawy, Amjad A Kouatli, Ghassan M Baslaim
Junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) is a major cause of postoperative morbidity after complete repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Propranolol is a known medication used in patients with TOF to prevent and control hypercyanotic spells. Despite this, there is little information regarding the relation between preoperative use of propranolol and the incidence of postoperative JET. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of preoperative use of propranolol on the incidence of postoperative JET after full surgical repair of TOF...
April 2008: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Efthimios G Livanis, Dionyssios Leftheriotis, George N Theodorakis, Panagiota Flevari, Elias Zarvalis, Fotis Kolokathis, Dimitrios Th Kremastinos
Among sequential patients with neurally-mediated syncope, we studied the response to head-up tilt test (HUTT) in patients with situational syncope (SS) and their follow-up. Our findings were compared to those in patients with vasovagal syncope (VVS). The response to HUTT in patients with SS has not to date been fully investigated. Additionally, the prognosis of SS patients has not been systematically studied. We studied 162 consecutive patients with recurrent SS or VVS, all free of structural heart disease...
July 2004: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
A Heusch, A Tannous, O N Krogmann, M Bourgeois
Balloon valvoplasty was undertaken in 27 patients with tetralogy of Fallot for first-stage palliation. Indications were arterial saturation of oxygen < 80%, hypoxic spells and duct-dependant pulmonary perfusion. The dilation was performed following diagnostic heart catheterization. Saturations improved from 75% +/- 8.5 before valvoplasty to 85% +/- 8.4 after the procedure, and worsened little to 83% +/- 9.6 at follow-up after 3.4 months. The pulmonary valvar orifice was hypoplastic in most patients (Z = -3...
January 1999: Cardiology in the Young
G Grönefeld, R Höltgen, S H Hohnloser
The idiopathic long QT syndrome (LQTS) carries a high mortality in untreated patients. Administration of beta-receptor antagonists is considered the treatment of choice. Data concerning the usefulness of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in this condition are sparse. We report on a 29-year-old female with LQTS who was treated with propranolol, but also underwent implantation of an ICD as a fail-safe therapy. During the next 17 months, the patient was asymptomatic. However, after skipping her propranolol for 3 days, she had several syncopal spells with concomitant device therapy...
August 1996: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
R Wolk, P Kulakowski, S Karczmarewicz, G Karpinski, E Makowska, A Czepiel, L Ceremuzynski
Anti-arrhythmic therapy for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation leads to complete symptomatic relief in a number of patients. The elimination of symptoms may be associated either with a complete elimination of arrhythmia or with a conversion of symptomatic atrial fibrillation into asymptomatic episodes of arrhythmia. The aim of the study was to evaluate the occurrence of asymptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in 52 patients treated with propafenone (35 drug trials) or propranolol (34 drug trials) by means of ambulatory ECG Holter monitoring...
June 1996: International Journal of Cardiology
W E Hale, R B Stewart, R G Marks
The effects of antihypertensive agents on the frequencies of reported fainting, dizziness, losses of consciousness, and bone fractures were studied in a large, ambulatory elderly population. The frequencies of these symptoms were compared for subjects who used one or more of nine different antihypertensive agents and for subjects who were not using these medications and who served as a control group. Over 40 per cent of the total population were using at least one of the nine drug groups. Women who used antihypertensive medications reported significantly more fainting (P less than 0...
January 1984: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
H Kato, M Hirose, M Yamaguchi, Y Yoshizawa, H Fukuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1967: Japanese Circulation Journal
P J Varghese, J R Allen, G C Rosenquist, R D Rowe
The natural history of 14 patients with ventricular septal defect and right-sided aortic arch is reviewed. Patients are divided into two groups. Group A consisted of 10 patients, all of whom developed progressive infundibular stenosis; group B consisted of 4 patients, none of whom developed infundibular stenosis. The clinical features, x-rays, electrocardiograms, haemodynamic data, and angiocardiograms in these two groups are compared. The right ventricular cine-angiocardiogram seems to be helpful in differentiating the course of the two groups...
July 1970: British Heart Journal
R E Hawker, J M Celermajer, T B Cartmill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 1971: Medical Journal of Australia
R L Van der Horst, W S Winship, M S Gotsman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 1972: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
J A Gomes, R J Hariman, P S Kang, I H Chowdry
The clinical, electrocardiographic and electrophysiologic determinants and effects of antiarrhythmic agents on sustained sinus node reentrant tachycardia remain poorly defined. Of 65 consecutive men undergoing electrophysiologic studies for symptomatic paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia over a 4 year period, 11 (16.9%), who ranged in age from 39 to 76 years, demonstrated sustained sinus node reentrant tachycardia. On the surface electrocardiogram, before electrophysiologic studies, the following diagnoses were considered in the 11 patients: sinus node reentrant tachycardia on the basis of an RP'/P'R ratio of greater than 1 and P wave configuration similar to that of sinus P waves (7 patients); atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentrant tachycardia on the basis of an RP'/P'R ratio of less than 1 (3 patients); and paroxysmal atrial tachycardia with AV block (1 patient)...
January 1985: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
W J Greeley, T E Stanley, R M Ungerleider, J A Kisslo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1989: Anesthesia and Analgesia
O Takahata, M Yurino, H Ogawa, N Ishimura, H Kumano, M Nishiwada
We experienced 5 cases of intraoperative anoxic spell in 48 patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). One of 5 cases had tetralogy with pulmonary atresia (Type A), and the others had tetralogy alone (Type D). The patient of type A who had anoxic spells during preoperative period had been on chronic propranolol therapy. However, the patients of type D had no anoxic spells during preoperative period and one in this type had not been on beta-adrenergic blocking drugs preoperatively. One patient was anesthetized with fentanyl-diazepam-O2, and the others were anesthetized with morphine-diazepam-O2...
August 1990: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
G P Thomas, R K Varma
Ouabain (1.0 x 10(-6) M) produced a uniform, consistent and reproducible arrhythmia on paced guinea pig left atrium bathed in Ringer-Locke solution. A second spell of arrhythmia of similar intensity and pattern, which had the same latency to onset, was reproduced 60 min after the first spell of arrhythmia. Lignocaine (3.46 x 10(-5) M) and propranolol (1.69 x 10(-5) M) gave full protection against the second spell of arrhythmia, whereas lower doses of these drugs were able to delay the onset and reduce the duration...
September 1991: Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology
J M Chaundron, F Heller, H B Van den Berghe, E G LeBacq
A syndrome previously recognized by Romano and Ward is characterized by prolonged QT interval on the ECG, and spells of unconsciousness. The case of a patient is reported with successive ECG recordings during the attacks; ventricular flutter and multifocal ventricular tachycardia were noted, with rapid spontaneous recovery and relapse. Cases of stillbirth and sudden death in infancy among the siblings, together with QT interval tachycardia were noted, with rapid spontaneous recovery and relapse. Cases of stillbirth and sudden death ininfancy among the siblings, together with QT interval prolongation in the relatives point to an autosomal dominant transmission, with the propositus being apparently homozygous...
June 1976: American Heart Journal
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