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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782712/effects-of-fasudil-on-pulmonary-hypertension-in-clinical-practice
#1
REVIEW
Yiqing Zhang, Shangjie Wu
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a pathophysiologic disorder that may involve multiple clinical conditions and can complicate the majority of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. The presence of PH is associated with worse outcomes, but the efficacy of current therapy is still unsatisfactory. Because Rho-kinase (ROCK) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of PH, the ROCK inhibitor fasudil is expected to contribute to PH treatment. In animal models of PH, fasudil reduced pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and improved survival...
August 4, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762782/pap-therapy-tips-for-troubleshooting-to-address-problems-with-use
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738372/advances-in-oral-appliances-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#3
Ofer Jacobowitz
Oral appliances that advance the mandible are widely used as alternatives to positive airway pressure (PAP) devices or as primary therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults. Although PAP is more efficacious at lowering the polysomnographic indices of OSA, the clinical effectiveness of PAP and oral appliances is similar, and patients are more likely to adhere to oral appliance therapy than to PAP treatment. Clinical examination is used to determine the candidacy of oral appliances and to select a particular appliance for a given patient...
2017: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735754/correlation-between-pulmonary-artery-pressure-and-thoracic-impedance-insights-from-daily-monitoring-through-an-implanted-device-in-chronic-heart-failure
#4
Giovanni Battista Perego, Matteo Oldani, Dario Pellegrini, Francesco Maria Angelo Brasca, Gabriella Malfatto, Alessandra Villani, Roberto Brambilla, Valeria Rella, Gianfranco Parati
BACKGROUND: Thoracic impedance (TI) decrease and pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) elevation precede acute decompensation in congestive heart failure (HF). However, the relationship between TI and PAP has been studied only in the context of acute decompensation. METHODS: This prospective, observational study enrolled subjects with reduced ejection fraction HF, previously implanted with an ICD capable of measuring TI. Patients underwent implantation of a sensor for direct measurement of PAP (CardioMEMs™)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728620/insulin-resistance-and-hypertension-in-obese-youth-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-treated-with-positive-airway-pressure-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#5
Sherri L Katz, Joanna E MacLean, Lynda Hoey, Linda Horwood, Nicholas Barrowman, Bethany Foster, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Laurent Legault, Glenda N Bendiak, Valerie G Kirk, Evelyn Constantin
STUDY OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that cardiometabolic disease associated with obesity and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in adults is present in youth. SDB is often treated with positive airway pressure (PAP) in youth with obesity. Our aims were to determine: (1) the prevalence of cardiometabolic disease and (2) whether PAP improves markers of cardiometabolic disease, in youth with obesity and newly diagnosed moderate-severe SDB. METHODS: A prospective multicenter cohort study was conducted in youth (8 to 16 years old) with obesity, prescribed PAP therapy for newly diagnosed moderate-severe SDB...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728273/-a-retrospective-study-of-the-perioperative-complications-following-whole-lung-lavage-in-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#6
Z Q Zhou, W L Guo, Y Chen, C H Zhong, S Y Li
Objective: To evaluate the safety of the procedures of whole lung lavage(WLL) for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis(PAP) in perioperative period. Methods: In this retrospective study, we collected clinical data from 78 WLL procedures of PAP patients from January 2006 to June 2016 in Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease. The causes of perioperative complications were analyzed. Results: Eighteen (23.07%) of the 78 procedures developed complications, including pleural effusion(n=4), pneumonia(n=4), cardiac failure(n=2), cardiac arrhythmia (n=2), pneumothorax(n=2), atelectasis(n=1), lung edema(n=1), laryngeal edema(n=1), pleural effusion and pneumonia(n=1)...
July 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708025/chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-screening-and-expedited-partner-therapy-ept-practices-of-college-student-health-centers
#7
Sara B Oswalt, Heather P Eastman-Mueller
OBJECTIVE: To examine college student health centers' practices related to STD screening and treatment over a five-year period. PARTICIPANTS: College student health centers (SHCs) that completed the ACHA Pap and STI Survey between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: Chi-square tests were conducted with Cramer's V providing a measure of association. RESULTS: Chlamydia screening of women under 25 years of age was a well-established practice...
July 14, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706464/telemedicine-based-proactive-patient-management-during-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-impact-on-therapy-termination-rate
#8
Holger Woehrle, Joachim H Ficker, Andrea Graml, Ingo Fietze, Peter Young, Helmut Teschler, Michael Arzt
BACKGROUND: Adherence to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is essential for the benefits of therapy to be realised. Telemedicine-based strategies provide a new option for enhanced monitoring and intervention to promote adherence during PAP. This study investigated the impact of telemedicine-based proactive patient management on PAP therapy termination rates versus standard care. METHODS: Observational data were obtained from ResMed Germany Healthcare, a German homecare provider...
2017: Somnologie: Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin, Somnology: Sleep Research and Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680568/combined-oral-administration-of-l-arginine-and-tetrahydrobiopterin-in-a-rat-model-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#9
C Schreiber, M S Eilenberg, A Panzenboeck, M P Winter, H Bergmeister, R Herzog, J Mascherbauer, I M Lang, D Bonderman
Alterations in the nitric oxide (NO) pathway play a major role in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). L-arginine (LA) and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) are main substrates in the production of NO, which mediates pulmonary vasodilation. Administration of either LA or BH4 decrease pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). A combined administration of both may have synergistic effects in the therapy of PAH. In a telemetrically monitored model of unilateral pneumonectomy and monocrotaline-induced PAH, male Sprague-Dawley rats received either LA (300 mg/kg; n = 15), BH4 (20 mg/kg; n = 15), the combination of LA and BH4 (300 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg; n = 15), or vehicle (control group; n = 10) from day 28 after monocrotaline induction...
March 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671174/case-of-postural-complex-sleep-apnea-effect-of-gravitational-forces
#10
Kamender Singh Pawar, Abhishek Goyal, Alkesh Khurana, Senthil Kumar, Amit Kumar Sen
We report a case of an elderly male with predominant obstructive sleep apnea and who developed or complex sleep apnea (CxSA) at the start of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) titration. This CxSA was more prominent in supine position, and he was not settling with either CPAP/bilevel positive airway pressure (PAP) in supine position. He finally settled with CPAP along with position therapy. This case highlights the importance of treating CxSA with basic PAP modes like CPAP along with positional therapy before switching to costlier therapies such as adaptive servo-ventilation...
July 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664285/-psoriasis-vs-psoriatic-arthritis-similarities-and-differences-in-the-pathophysiology
#11
T Pap, C Sunderkötter
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with genetic and (auto)immunological backgrounds. Up to 30% of patients with psoriasis also develop a mostly oligoarticular arthritis with spinal involvement that is termed psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and shows a specific joint pattern which differs from that of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Both Psa and psoriasis share a common main axis, the interleukin (IL) 23/IL17 pathway as well as major overlaps in the functions of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)...
June 29, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629918/trajectories-of-emergent-central-sleep-apnea-during-cpap-therapy
#12
Dongquan Liu, Jeff Armitstead, Adam Benjafield, Shiyun Shao, Atul Malhotra, Peter A Cistulli, Jean-Louis Pepin, Holger Woehrle
BACKGROUND: The emergence of central sleep apnea (CSA) during positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy has been observed clinically in approximately 10% of obstructive sleep apnea titration studies. This study assessed a PAP database to investigate trajectories of treatment-emergent CSA during continuous PAP (CPAP) therapy. METHODS: U.S. telemonitoring device data were analyzed for the presence/absence of emergent CSA at baseline (week 1) and week 13. Defined groups were as follows: obstructive sleep apnea (average central apnea index [CAI] < 5/h in week 1, < 5/h in week 13); transient CSA (CAI ≥ 5/h in week 1, < 5/h in week 13); persistent CSA (CAI ≥ 5/h in week 1, ≥ 5/h in week 13); emergent CSA (CAI < 5/h in week 1, ≥ 5/h in week 13)...
June 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625480/adherence-to-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-among-minority-populations-in-the-us-a-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Douglas M Wallace, Natasha J Williams, Amy M Sawyer, Girardin Jean-Louis, Mark S Aloia, Dorice L Vieira, William K Wohlgemuth
Minority individuals in the United States (US) have an increased prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) compared to their white/Caucasian counterparts. In general, adherence to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is poor and some studies suggest that PAP use among minority individuals is inferior to that of whites. However, there has not been a review of the evidence that addresses racial-ethnic disparities for PAP adherence in the treatment of OSA, and no review has systematically examined the contributing factors to poor adherence among minority individuals compared to whites...
April 13, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621316/combination-of-p53-dc-vaccine-and-rad-p53-gene-therapy-induced-ctls-cytotoxic-against-p53-deleted-human-prostate-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#14
H Saito, K Kitagawa, T Yoneda, Y Fukui, M Fujsawa, D Bautista, T Shirakawa
Recently, the US FDA approved sipuleucel-T, which is composed of autologous DCs stimulated with a recombinant fusion protein of prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), as the first immunotherapeutic agent for metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). However, sipuleucel-T demonstrated only modest efficacy in mCPRC patients. Researchers are now investigating the potential of p53 protein as a tumor-associated antigen (TAA) loaded in DC-based cancer vaccine...
June 16, 2017: Cancer Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612267/auto-trilevel-versus-bilevel-positive-airway-pressure-ventilation-for-hypercapnic-overlap-syndrome-patients
#15
Mei Su, De Huai, Juan Cao, Ding Ning, Rong Xue, Meijie Xu, Mao Huang, Xilong Zhang
PURPOSE: Although bilevel positive airway pressure (Bilevel PAP) therapy is usually used for overlap syndrome (OS), there is still a portion of OS patients in whom Bilevel PAP therapy could not simultaneously eliminate residual apnea events and hypercapnia. The current study was expected to explore whether auto-trilevel positive airway pressure (auto-trilevel PAP) therapy with auto-adjusting end expiratory positive airway pressure (EEPAP) can serve as a better alternative for these patients...
June 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600174/titration-with-automatic-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
C Dias, L Sousa, L Batata, R Reis, F Teixeira, J Moita, J Moutinho Dos Santos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Autotitrating positive airway pressure (APAP) is an accepted titration method to determine the optimal positive airway pressure (PAP), for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The required duration of APAP monitoring to determine a fixed continuous positive airway pressure level still remains to be established. We aimed to evaluate the variation in PAP level, delivered by APAP devices, at different periods of treatment, to determine the APAP treatment duration required to reach an effective and stable PAP level...
June 6, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598799/clinical-outcomes-of-an-inpatient-pediatric-obesity-treatment-program-in-the-usa
#17
Sharonda J Alston Taylor, Kimberly Rennie, Cindy Jon
Background When treating recalcitrant and severe childhood obesity, pharmaceutical options are limited and few patients qualify for bariatric surgery. A prolonged inpatient program serves as an alternative treatment. The purpose of this project was to describe the development of a medically supervised inpatient weight management program and evaluate its effectiveness. Methods This is a retrospective chart review of 18 patients [4-18 years, mean body mass index (BMI) 50.2 kg/m2] admitted to an inpatient pediatric weight management program from October 2011 through December 31, 2012 to evaluate the biometric, laboratory, sleep and behavioral changes that occurred from admission to discharge from the program...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597771/first-in-child-use-of-the-oral-selective-prostacyclin-ip-receptor-agonist-selexipag-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#18
Lianne M Geerdink, Harald Bertram, Georg Hansmann
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a complex disease with a poor prognosis. Selexipag is a selective prostacyclin receptor agonist with vasodilatory, anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory, and pro-angiogenic properties. However, no clinical data on its therapeutic use in children with PAH are currently available. Here, we report the case of a 12-year-old girl who presented in World Health Organization (WHO) functional class III and right ventricular (RV) failure with recurrent syncope, dizziness, and progressive fatigue for two years...
April 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596012/effects-of-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-markers-in-males-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
A Feliciano, M J Oliveira, A Cysneiros, C Martinho, R P Reis, D Penque, P Pinto, C Bárbara
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with cardiovascular/metabolic complications. Some analytical parameters (homocysteine, glycemic and lipidic profiles) are recognized markers of these consequences. Limited data is available on the association of these markers and OSAS's severity/response to positive airway pressure therapy (PAP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective study we analyzed polysomnographic and analytical data of male patients admitted to sleep laboratory...
June 5, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572466/longterm-outcome-of-patients-with-primary-antiphospholipid-syndrome-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#20
Mara Taraborelli, Rossella Reggia, Francesca Dall'Ara, Micaela Fredi, Laura Andreoli, Maria Gerosa, Ariela Hoxha, Laura Massaro, Marta Tonello, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Patrice Cacoub, Franco Franceschini, Pier Luigi Meroni, Jean Charles Piette, Amelia Ruffatti, Guido Valesini, Eon Nigel Harris, Angela Tincani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the longterm frequency of thrombotic recurrences, obstetrical complications, organ damage, severe comorbidities, and evolution toward connective tissue disease (CTD) in primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS). METHODS: Medical records of patients with PAPS followed in 6 centers for ≥ 15 years were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: One hundred fifteen patients were studied: 88% women, followed between 1983 and 2014 with a mean (± SD) age at diagnosis of 33 (± 10) years...
August 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
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