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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100362/-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy-leading-to-pulmonary-hypertension-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
R K Chen, C Hong, Y M Zhou, A L Kuang, Y T Zhang, S M Qing, C L Liu, N F Zhang
Objective: To study the relationship between dilated cardiomyopathy and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and to evaluate the curative effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in OSAHS complicated with dilated cardiomyopathy. Methods: We reported one case with the symptom of exertional dyspnea for 1 year and aggravating for 1 month. The patient finally was diagnosed with severe OSAHS complicated with dilated cardiomyopathy leading to pulmonary hypertension. A systematic literature review was performed for similar published cases in Pubmed, Wanfang and CNKI database, using the keywords (obstructive sleep apnea) OR(OSA) OR(OSAHS) AND(dilated cardiomyopathy OR DCM)from January 1990 to May 2016...
January 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095977/multidisciplinary-alternatives-to-cpap-program-for-cpap-intolerant-patients
#2
Anita Valanju Shelgikar, Sharon Aronovich, Jeffrey J Stanley
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) intolerance remains a persistent problem for many obstructive sleep apnea patients. Clinicians and researchers continue to search for other effective treatment modalities given the well-documented sequelae associated with untreated obstructive sleep apnea. A multidisciplinary "Alternatives to CPAP program" (ALT) can facilitate systematic evaluation of non-CPAP therapies appropriate for an individual patient. We review successful strategies and barriers encountered during implementation of an ALT at our institution...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095973/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-its-treatments-on-partners-a-literature-review
#3
Faith S Luyster
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Many adults sleep with a significant other; thus, sleep disorder symptoms and treatments of one partner are likely to impact the other partner's health. A literature review was conducted to examine the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and OSA treatments on partner-assessed sleep and daytime functioning and partner involvement in OSA treatment. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL searches yielded 38 pertinent quantitative and qualitative studies that described sleep and/or daytime functioning assessed in partners of patients with untreated OSA, sleep and/or daytime functioning assessed in partners who were referred for OSA treatment, including continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, oral appliance (OA), or surgery, and/or associations between partner involvement and OSA treatment use...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095965/vamonos-veterans-affairs-metabolism-obstructed-and-non-obstructed-sleep-study-effects-of-cpap-therapy-on-glucose-metabolism-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Octavian C Ioachimescu, Jeremy Anthony, Tina Constantin, Mary-Margaret Ciavatta, Kandace McCarver, Mary Ellen Sweeney
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are prevalent disorders that pose increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death. The objective of this study was to clarify if continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for OSA affects T2DM control and emergence. METHODS: Point-of-care, comparative effectiveness study; cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. RESULTS: Our cohort included 928 consecutive patients; 13% were women; 36% were Caucasians and 61% African-Americans...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089799/positive-airway-pressure-therapies-and-hospitalization-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
Monica M Vasquez, Leslie A McClure, Duane L Sherrill, Sanjay R Patel, Jerry Krishnan, Stefano Guerra, Sairam Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) places a huge healthcare burden. Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is sometimes used in COPD patients, but the possible impact on hospitalization risk remains controversial. We studied the hospitalization risk of COPD patients before and after initiation of various PAP therapies in a "real-world" bioinformatics study. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of administrative claims data of hospitalizations in patients with COPD who received or did not receive PAP therapy - continuous PAP, bilevel PAP, and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation using a home ventilator (NIPPV)...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081532/cardiovascular-events-in-moderately-to-severely-obese-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-on-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#6
Anna Maria Marotta, Jean-Christian Borel, Louis M Galerneau, Renaud Tamisier, Maria R Bonsignore, Jean Louis Pépin
BACKGROUND: In moderately to severely obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the effects of long-term positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment on cardiovascular risk are poorly defined. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on the occurrence of cardiovascular events in obese OSA patients. METHODS: We performed a noninterventional observational study in obese OSA patients recruited between 2007 and 2010 at the Sleep Center, University of Grenoble, treated with CPAP or NIV, and followed for 5...
January 13, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054437/assessment-of-interfering-factors-in-non-adherence-to-oral-appliance-therapy-in-severe-sleep-apnea
#7
Yaron Haviv, Avraham Zini, Galit Almoznino, Na'ama Keshet, Yair Sharav, Doron J Aframian
OBJECTIVE: Oral appliances (OA) are recommended for patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea who fail to comply with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. This mixed methods study aimed to quantify adherence to OA therapy and evaluate subjective reasons associated with non-adherence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 52 patients with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 40, treated with OA after discontinuation of CPAP treatment, were examined for OA adherence...
January 5, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050683/effect-of-surfactant-therapy-using-orogastric-tube-for-tracheal-catheterization-in-preterm-newborns-with-respiratory-distress
#8
Rampal Singh Tomar, Ranjit Ghuliani, Dinesh Yadav
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome of a modified method of Minimally Invasive Surfactant Therapy (MIST) therapy where an orogastric tube was used for tracheal catherization to deliver surfactant in preterm newborns less than 34 wk of gestation with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: A single centre, prospective observational study was conducted to enroll eligible inborn preterm neonates with gestation age more than 24 wk but less than 34 wk and suffering from RDS to receive surfactant using MIST...
January 3, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050420/effect-of-cpap-therapy-in-improving-daytime-sleepiness-in-indian-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-osa
#9
Gulshan Battan, Sanjeev Kumar, Ajay Panwar, Virendra Atam, Pradeep Kumar, Anil Gangwar, Ujjawal Roy
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is a highly prevalent disease and a major public health issue in India. Excessive daytime sleepiness is an almost ubiquitous symptom of OSA. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score is a validated objective score to measure the degree of daytime sleepiness. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy has been established as the gold standard treatment modality for OSA patients. A few Indian studies have reported the effectiveness of CPAP therapy in improving ESS scores after 1(st) month of CPAP use...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042927/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-asthma
#10
Megat Razeem Abdul Razak, Naricha Chirakalwasan
Both asthma and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are common conditions involving the adults and children population, and have significant impact on the healthcare system. For the last few decades a lot of data emerged in terms of the prevalence between asthma and OSA. The prevalence ranges from 38% up to as high as 70%. Based on the current concepts of bidirectional relationship of OSA and asthma, it is sensible to assume that treating one disorder will result in the other's better control and vice versa. This review will look into the pathogenesis of concomitant OSA and asthma and whether the first line OSA therapy will result in better control of asthma in patients with concomitant OSA...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012784/positional-modification-techniques-for-supine-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Hayley Barnes, Bradley A Edwards, Simon A Joosten, Matthew T Naughton, Garun S Hamilton, Eli Dabscheck
This review aimed to determine the effectiveness of positional modification techniques in preventing supine sleep, sleep-disordered breathing and other clinically important outcomes in patients with supine obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Randomized controlled trials comparing positional modification techniques with any other therapy or placebo were included. Electronic searches of databases including CENTRAL, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, and Web of Science up to April 2016 were performed. Meta-analysis was undertaken where possible...
November 18, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000217/thiol-disulfide-homeostasis-as-a-novel-indicator-of-oxidative-stress-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#12
Mehmet Emre Dinc, Cengiz Ozdemir, Nilhan Nurlu Ayan, Nazım Bozan, Seckin Ulusoy, Cemile Koca, Ozcan Erel
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess thiol/disulfide (SS) homeostasis as a novel indicator of oxidative stress in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and to investigate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on oxidative parameters. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. METHODS: A total of 104 subjects, 44 in an OSA group and 60 in two control groups (control simple snoring group, control OSA group) were included...
December 21, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999120/the-effect-of-mandible-advancement-splints-in-mild-moderate-and-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-the-need-for-sleep-registrations-during-follow-up
#13
Tuula Palotie, Siru Riekki, Antti Mäkitie, Adel Bachour, Sirpa Arte, Leif Bäck
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of mandible advancement splint (MAS) in mild, moderate, and severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We also determined, if and in which OSA-groups the adequate forward movement in MAS could be quantified without sleep registration for different OSA levels. A retrospective study. SETTINGS: The effect of MAS was measured with clinical methods and by sleep registration. PARTICIPANTS: The series consisted of 103 patients, 75 males and 28 females (mean age 52 years) suffering from mild (32 per cent), moderate (32 per cent), or severe (36 per cent) OSA, who were treated with MAS at Helsinki University Hospital, Finland during the years 2011-2012...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998040/sleep-apnoea-in-heart-failure-to-treat-or-not-to-treat
#14
REVIEW
Matthew T Naughton, Kirk Kee
Heart failure (HF) and sleep apnoea are common disorders which frequently coexist. Two main types of apnoea occur: one is obstructive which, through recurring episodes of snoring, hypoxaemia, large negative intra-thoracic pressures and arousals from sleep leading to downstream inflammatory and autonomic nervous system changes, is thought to be a causative factor to the development of systemic hypertension and HF. The other type of apnoea, Cheyne-Stokes respiration with central sleep apnoea (CSR-CSA), is characterized by an oscillatory pattern of ventilation with a prevailing hyperventilation-induced hypocapnia, often in the absence of significant hypoxaemia and snoring, and is thought to be a consequence of advanced HF-related low cardiac output, high sympathetic nervous system activation and pulmonary congestion...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989413/a-noninvasive-surfactant-adsorption-test-predicting-the-need-for-surfactant-therapy-in-preterm-infants-treated-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#15
Chiara Autilio, Mercedes Echaide, Alexandra Benachi, Anne Marfaing-Koka, Ettore D Capoluongo, Jesús Pérez-Gil, Daniele De Luca
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of the surfactant adsorption test (SAT) as a predictor for the need for surfactant replacement therapy in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). STUDY DESIGN: Amniotic fluid samples were collected from 41 preterm neonates with RDS treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and 15 healthy control term neonates. Purified porcine surfactant served as a further control. Lamellar bodies and lung ultrasound score were also measured in a subset of the neonates treated with CPAP...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988205/high-incidence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-patients-with-late-onset-epilepsy
#16
Aude Maurousset, Bertrand De Toffol, Julien Praline, Julien Biberon, Nadège Limousin
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with late-onset epilepsy (LOE) who were considered at higher risk of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Polysomnography was performed on 27 patients with LOE. Berlin questionnaires and Epworth sleepiness score were performed on all patients. We compared clinical, demographic and anthropometric characteristics, questionnaire scores on the patients with no or mild OSA (group 1) and the patients with moderate or severe OSA (group 2)...
December 14, 2016: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977876/introducing-high-flow-nasal-cannula-to-the-neonatal-transport-environment
#17
Michael A Boyle, Arunava Dhar, Rajiv Chaudhary, Susan Kent, Samantha S O'Hare, Theodore Dassios, Susan Broster
Respiratory support using heated humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy has become established practice over the past decade in neonatal intensive care units. HFNC therapy is delivered through small thin tapered cannulae that sit at the nasal aperture using oxygen, or blended oxygen and air, at flow rates greater than 1L/min(1, 2). Recently several studies have demonstrated that it can be safely used as a mode of respiratory support and that the positive end expiratory pressure generated is comparable to that delivered using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) (3-5)...
December 15, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974526/chronotherapy-for-hypertension-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-chosa-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#18
Yasmina Serinel, Brendon J Yee, Ronald R Grunstein, Keith H Wong, Peter A Cistulli, Hisatomi Arima, Craig L Phillips
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is an important cause of secondary hypertension. Nocturnal hypertension is particularly prevalent in OSA and is a strong predictor of cardiovascular mortality. Studies in patients with essential hypertension have suggested that nocturnal administration of antihypertensives improves nocturnal blood pressure (BP) without elevating daytime BP. We evaluated the efficacy of this technique in patients with OSA with stage I/II hypertension, both before and after the addition of CPAP...
December 14, 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964863/vitamin-d-status-of-male-osas-patients-improved-after-long-term-cpap-treatment-mainly-in-obese-subjects
#19
Claudio Liguori, Francesca Izzi, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Andrea Romigi, Alberto Cordella, Umberto Tarantino, Fabio Placidi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of one-year useful continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on serum vitamin D levels in middle-aged men affected by obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: This is a secondary investigation related to a previously published observational study about the effect of short-term CPAP therapy on serum vitamin D levels in severe OSAS (Apnea-Hypopnea Index - AHI- >30/h) patients. In the present study, we included patients participating to the previous investigation who repeated serum vitamin D assessment after one year of useful CPAP treatment, and compared to control a group of OSAS patients with scarce compliance to CPAP treatment...
November 3, 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957696/the-association-between-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-and-liver-disease-development-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-patients-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#20
Liang-Wen Hang, Chi-Fung Chen, Chang-Bi Wang, Trong-Neng Wu, Wen-Miin Liang, Tzu-Chieh Chou
PURPOSE: Studies on the association between continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment and liver diseases such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cirrhosis in patients with obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) are limited. To the best of our knowledge, none exists that makes use of a national database in an Asian population. This study aims to evaluate the effects of CPAP treatment on patients with these two disorders in a retrospective, population-based study in Taiwan...
December 13, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
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