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Exodontia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883909/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-a-fatty-acid-mixture-with-high-%C3%AF-9-%C3%AF-6-ratio-and-low-%C3%AF-6-%C3%AF-3-ratio-on-rats-submitted-to-dental-extraction
#1
Radamés Bezerra Melo, Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva, Reinaldo Barreto Oriá, José Ulisses de Souza Melo, Conceição da Silva Martins, Aline Matos Cunha, Paulo Roberto Leitão Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of pretreatment for three days with a fatty acid mixture with high ω-9:ω-6 ratio and low ω-6:ω-3 ratio on rats submitted to dental extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats (270-310g) were randomly distributed in four groups (n=8/group): the sham control group and the negative control group received saline; the high omega-6/low omega-9 group received isolipid fatty acid with high ω-6:ω-3 ratio and low ω-9:ω-6 ratio; the high omega-3/low omega-6 group received fatty acid with low ω-6:ω-3 ratio and high ω-9:ω-6 ratio...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660249/identifying-the-risk-factors-causing-iatrogenic-mandibular-fractures-associated-with-exodontia-a-systemic-meta-analysis-of-200-cases-from-1953-to-2015
#2
Ajit Joshi, Manu Goel, Ashutosh Thorat
PURPOSE: Iatrogenic fracture of mandible (IFM) associated with exodontia though rare, they do occur with an incidence ranging from 0.0034 to 0.0075 %. Most of the data is in the form of case reports or a small case series. This is an attempt to amass the data available in literature since the last 62 years. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to identify the etiologies and risk factors leading to IFM associated with exodontia and also the measures to minimize the complication. METHODS: Articles published between 1953 and 2015 were searched in Medline database...
September 23, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561579/what-i-wish-i-d-learned-at-dental-school
#3
G R Oliver, C D Lynch, B L Chadwick, A Santini, N H F Wilson
Background Much concern appears to exist as to the scope and content of contemporary dental school programmes, with the oft-cited criticism being made that dental graduates are 'no longer as good as they used to be'.Aim The aim of this project was to survey the views of dentists - both new graduates and more established practitioners - on aspects of their own dental school training they felt had been deficient as well as commenting on what aspects of dental school education they would like to see improved/enhanced in current times...
August 26, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342425/chronic-stress-effects-in-contralateral-medial-pterygoid-muscle-of-rats-with-occlusion-alteration
#4
Bruno Melo Loyola, Glauce Crivelaro Nascimento, Rodrigo Alberto Restrepo Fernández, Daniela Mizusaki Iyomasa, Yamba Carla Lara Pereira, Christie Ramos Andrade Leite-Panissi, João Paulo Mardegan Issa, Mamie Mizusaki Iyomasa
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) has a high prevalence in our society, characterized by a severe pain condition of the masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joint. Despite the indication of multiple factor initiators of TMD, there is still controversy about its etiology and its pathophysiology is poorly understood. Using rats as experimental animals we investigated the effect of unpredictable chronic stress with or without unilateral molar extraction on the contralateral medial pterygoid muscle. Our hypothesis is that these two factors induce changes in morphology, oxidative metabolism and oxidative stress of muscle fibers...
October 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110426/necessity-of-antibiotics-following-simple-exodontia
#5
Waqas Yousuf, Moiz Khan, Hasan Mehdi, Sana Mateen
Introduction. The aim of our study is to assess the need for postoperative antibiotics following simple exodontia and determine its role in minimizing patient discomfort and postoperative complications. Material and Methods. All the patients undergoing simple extractions were grouped into two categories: Group 1, patients receiving antibiotics, and Group 2, patients receiving no antibiotics. Patients were recalled on the sixth day to assess postoperative complications. On recall, patients were evaluated for signs of persistent inflammation and signs of dry socket...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017181/risk-assessment-and-sensitivity-meta-analysis-of-alveolar-osteitis-occurrence-in-oral-contraceptive-users
#6
REVIEW
Diane R Bienek, James J Filliben
BACKGROUND: In this study, the authors conducted an alveolar osteitis (AO) risk assessment and global sensitivity meta-analysis within populations using oral contraceptives (OCs). Sex, smoking, and timing within the menstrual cycle were considered as factors. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: Eligibility criteria for inclusion of a study in the meta-analysis were experimental or medical record survey data evaluating AO and OC use, ability to draw pairwise comparisons for factors of interest, and description of the number of AO events relative to the number of participants in the respective group...
June 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012172/novel-technique-using-cyanoacrylate-and-local-hemostatic-agents-in-the-management-of-high-risk-exodontia-bleeding-in-a-patient-with-a-large-facial-arteriovenous-malformation
#7
Jeffrey W Chadwick, Karel terBrugge, David K Lam
PURPOSE: This report describes a case of a 32-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with a facial arteriovenous malformation during childhood. Because this patient possessed a major risk of perioperative hemorrhage, the use of several local hemostatic measures was thoroughly explored before routine exodontia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Selective embolization of the right superior thyroid artery was performed intraoperatively and a novel hemostatic technique using a combination of a packing of Gelfoam wrapped in Surgicel was placed within the extraction sites and sealed with SwiftSet...
August 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26964594/exodontia-in-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-the-evidence
#8
S Nathwani, K Martin
BACKGROUND: Haemostasis is crucial for the success of oral surgical treatment as bleeding problems can cause complications both pre- and post-operatively. Patients on antiplatelet drugs present a challenge due to their increased risk of bleeding. AIMS: To identify a protocol for the management of oral surgery patients on dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin and clopidogrel). METHODS: A literature review was conducted in January 2016 of free-text and MESH searches (keywords: aspirin, clopidogrel and dental extractions) in the Cochrane Library, PubMed and CINAHL...
March 11, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939153/prevention-of-alveolar-osteitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
REVIEW
Gabriela Jude Fernandes, Michael N Hatton
Alveolar osteitis (aka, "dry socket") is a frustrating complication of exodontia, especially in the posterior mandible. We describe a novel technique for its possible prevention. The method involves administration of doxycycline dispersed in a local anesthetic solution, along with the use of a Gelfoam carrier. The senior author has used this technique as a routine element of care for several decades without complication.
January 2016: New York State Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26827069/osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-induced-by-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-ligand-denosumab-review
#10
C-C de Oliveira, L-A-C Brizeno, F-B de Sousa, M-R-L Mota, A-P-N-N Alves
BACKGROUND: Denosumab, an anti-resorptive agent, IgG2 monoclonal antibody for human Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL), has been related to the occurrence of osteonecrosis of the jaws. Thus, the aim of this study was to review the literature from clinical case reports, regarding the type of patient and the therapeutic approach used for osteonecrosis of the jaws induced by chronic use of Denosumab. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this, a literature review was performed on PubMed, Medline and Cochrane databases, using the keywords "Denosumab" "anti-RANK ligand" and "Osteonecrosis of jaw"...
July 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26768464/a-retrospective-analysis-of-episodes-of-single-tooth-extraction-under-general-anaesthesia-for-adults
#11
B Hong, A Birnie
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the provision of adult dental extraction under general anaesthesia (DGA) at the Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust (RCHT)-- specifically adult single tooth DGA episodes in regards to numbers, demographics, justifications, and appropriateness regarding the use of resources. METHOD: Data were collected retrospectively from the patient case notes and electronic records for the complete study cohort. This study included all episodes of adult single tooth DGA in all RCHT sites during 2014, except for mandibular third molar and impacted teeth...
January 15, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26551361/prosthetic-oral-rehabilitation-of-a-child-with-s-ecc-a-case-report-with-histopathologic-analysis
#12
P N Tannure, G G Moraes, McU Borba, A Abrahão, Mtrc Andrade, Tks Fidalgo
The aim of this case report is to describe the treatment planning of a young child with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) as well as the prosthetic rehabilitation technique. A 3-year-old female child was referred to the pediatric dentistry clinic with the chief complaint of tooth pain, difficulty in eating and recurrent hospitalizations caused by dental infections. The mother reported intermittent episodes of fever and recurrent swelling of child's face. The girl presented angular cheilitis and was referred to a dietitian...
2015: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26514891/antiplatelet-therapy-and-exodontia
#13
Willem H Schreuder, Zachary S Peacock
BACKGROUND: This is a review of the management considerations regarding exodontia for patients taking antithrombotic medications that affect platelet function or aggregation. METHODS: The authors reviewed the literature, focusing on the indications and mechanisms of antiplatelet therapy and the perioperative management of patients taking these agents who require exodontia or other dentoalveolar surgery. RESULTS: Dentists making management decisions regarding patients taking antiplatelet therapy should consider the patient's risk of experiencing perioperative hemorrhage against the risk of experiencing complications associated with thromboembolic events...
November 2015: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26468859/root-particle-of-maxillary-premolar-in-facial-cutaneous-fistula-as-the-rare-complication-of-exodontia
#14
LETTER
Adnan Kilinc, Tahsin Tepecik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26455833/cheek-tooth-extraction-via-a-minimally-invasive-transbuccal-approach-and-intradental-screw-placement-in-54-equids
#15
Frederik Langeneckert, Thomas Witte, Frank Schellenberger, Christian Czech, David Aebischer, Beatriz Vidondo, Christoph Koch
OBJECTIVE: To describe (1) preoperative findings and surgical technique, (2) intraoperative difficulties, and (3) postoperative complications and long-term outcome of equine cheek tooth extraction using a minimally invasive transbuccal screw extraction (MITSE) technique. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Fifty-four equids; 50 horses, 3 ponies, and 1 mule. METHODS: Fifty-eight MITSE procedures were performed to extract cheek teeth in 54 equids...
November 2015: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26121937/a-national-follow-up-survey-of-uk-graduates-opinion-of-undergraduate-oral-surgery-teaching
#16
M Macluskey, S Shepherd, E Carter, Y Bulsara, J A Durham, A Bell, A Dargue, C Emanuel, C Freeman, J Jones, N Khawaja, R Leeson, J Marley, M Andiappan, L Millsopp, N Nayyer, T Renton, K Taylor, P Thomson, V Toedtling
INTRODUCTION: A national follow-up survey was undertaken to determine whether dental graduates from 2009 perceived that their undergraduate oral surgery education had equipped them for general dental practice 4 years after graduating. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Graduates from the same 13 United Kingdom dental schools who had taken part in the original survey were invited to take part in this follow-up online survey. Their contact details were identified via the general dental council register, social media and alumni groups...
August 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26093347/effect-of-different-doses-of-zoledronic-acid-in-establishing-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis
#17
Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva, Antonio Ernando Carlos Ferreira Junior, Carolina Rodrigues Teófilo, Maritza Cavalcante Barbosa, Roberto César Pereira Lima Júnior, Fabrício Bitú Sousa, Mário Rogério Lima Mota, Ronaldo de Albuquerque Ribeiro, Ana Paula Negreiros Nunes Alves
OBJECTIVES: To establish osteonecrosis of the jaws in rats treated with different doses of zoledronic acid (ZA). METHODS: Male Wistar rats (n=6-7) received three consecutive weekly intravenous ZA infusions at doses of 0.04, 0.20 or 1.00mg/kg ZA or saline (control). Four weeks after the last administration, the animals were submitted to simple extraction of the lower left first molar. An additional dose of ZA was administered seven days later, and the animals were sacrificed 28 days after exodontia...
September 2015: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26053038/metabolic-changes-in-masseter-muscle-of-rats-submitted-to-acute-stress-associated-with-exodontia
#18
Mamie Mizusaki Iyomasa, Fernanda Silva Fernandes, Daniela Mizusaki Iyomasa, Yamba Carla Lara Pereira, Rodrigo Alberto Restrepo Fernández, Ricardo Alexandre Calzzani, Glauce Crivelaro Nascimento, Christie Ramos Andrade Leite-Panissi, João Paulo Mardegan Issa
Clinical evidence has shown that stress may be associated with alterations in masticatory muscle functions. Morphological changes in masticatory muscles induced by occlusal alterations and associated with emotional stress are still lacking in the literature. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of acute stress on metabolic activity and oxidative stress of masseter muscles of rats subjected to occlusal modification through morphological and histochemical analyses. In this study, adult Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: a group with extraction and acute stress (E+A); group with extraction and without stress (E+C); group without extraction and with acute stress (NO+A); and control group without both extraction and stress (NO+C)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25998350/an-audit-of-the-use-of-intravenous-ketamine-for-paediatric-dental-conscious-sedation
#19
M N Wood, M C G Manley, N Bezzina, R Hassan
AIM: An audit of the use of intravenous ketamine for the provision of conscious sedation in paediatric dentistry was carried out over a three-year period. AUDIT DESIGN: In the audit, 3,751 children were treated and an evaluation was carried out for safety and effectiveness of the drug and procedure, the quality of sedation and clinical procedures provided. In addition, the occurrence of any adverse effects and parental satisfaction were noted along with recovery. All children were ASA I and II, with an average age of 7...
May 22, 2015: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25863230/high-c-terminal-cross-linking-telopeptide-levels-are-associated-with-a-minimal-risk-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-in-patients-taking-oral-bisphosphonates-and-having-exodontia
#20
REVIEW
Arthur H Friedlander, Tina I Chang, Renna C Hazboun, Neal R Garrett
PURPOSE: The clinical significance of bone turnover marker C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide (CTX) levels less than 150 pg/mL among recipients of oral bisphosphonate (OBP) medications who develop osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) after exodontia is unclear. We searched the published data to determine the prevalence of such levels and the association, if any, with development of MRONJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of published studies in the PubMed database was undertaken to ascertain the prevalence of preoperative, fasting CTX levels less than 150 pg/mL among recipients of OBP scheduled for exodontia and to determine whether such levels are associated with the development of postoperative MRONJ...
September 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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