keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Exodontia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732309/dry-socket-etiology-diagnosis-and-clinical-treatment-techniques
#1
REVIEW
John Mamoun
Dry socket, also termed fibrinolytic osteitis or alveolar osteitis, is a complication of tooth exodontia. A dry socket lesion is a post-extraction socket that exhibits exposed bone that is not covered by a blood clot or healing epithelium and exists inside or around the perimeter of the socket or alveolus for days after the extraction procedure. This article describes dry socket lesions; reviews the basic clinical techniques of treating different manifestations of dry socket lesions; and shows how microscope level loupe magnification of 6× to 8× or greater, combined with co-axial illumination or a dental operating microscope, facilitate more precise treatment of dry socket lesions...
April 2018: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730069/severe-trismus-and-contraindicated-exodontia-in-a-patient-with-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva-case-report
#2
A Geddis-Regan
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is a rare genetic disease of connective tissue in which muscles, ligaments, and tendons ossify either spontaneously or after trauma. Patients can develop physical disabilities and restriction of respiratory function. A patient attended a maxillofacial surgery outpatient clinic with severe trismus and mouth opening limited to 2mm. The risks of intervention were many from both anaesthetic and surgical perspectives, which prevented the extraction of carious teeth. The patient was referred to a special care dentistry team who provided endodontic stabilisation without local anaesthesia...
May 2, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721234/mucormycosis-of-maxilla-following-tooth-extraction-in-immunocompetent-patients-reports-and-review
#3
Kumar Nilesh, Aaditee V Vande
Mucormycosis is a rare, fulminant, rapidly spreading fungal infection, which usually affects patient with underlying immune deficiency. If not managed promptly, the disease is characterized by progressive necrosis and is often fatal. A review of English literature shows that only fourteen cases of mucormycosis have been reported after tooth extraction. This paper highlights two cases of mucormycosis subsequent to tooth extraction in healthy adult patients. This first patient presented with an oroantral fistula and extensive maxillary necrosis...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574814/extractions-to-reconstruction-the-development-of-oral-maxillofacial-surgery-in-australian-and-new-zealand
#4
A N Goss, R Linn
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery developed initially from Dentistry as exodontia. It then expanded into the surgical management of jaw disorders. As the specialty evolved, it came into increasing conflict with related surgical disciplines. In the 1960s and 1970s these external criticisms were well-founded as training in oral surgery was individual, solely University-based and highly variable. In the 1980s the speciality developed a plan which involved hospital-based surgical training, a mandatory high level college surgical examination and detailed workforce and training studies...
March 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574811/contemporary-exodontia
#5
P J Sambrook, A N Goss
Exodontia is a cardinal skill of all dentists. Patients expect extractions to be skillfully and painlessly accomplished every time. It's not necessarily so simple and can be challenging. In this paper we explore contemporary issues of the full process of exodontia including diagnosis, technique, complication minimization as well as management of medically compromised patients with appropriate post-operative care, including pharmacotherapy.
March 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479739/denosumab-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-following-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-a-case-report
#6
Márcio Diniz-Freitas, Javier Fernández-Feijoo, Pedro Diz Dios, Xiana Pousa, Jacobo Limeres
INTRODUCTION: Osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with bisphosphonates is currently called medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), given that in addition to bisphosphonates, jaw osteonecrosis has been related to the administration of other antiresorptive and antiangiogenic drugs, such as denosumab, sunitinib, bevacizumab and ipilimumab. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old patient with osteoporosis treated with subcutaneous injections of denosumab at an interval of 6 months is presented...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275100/metabolic-and-vascular-pattern-in-medial-pterygoid-muscle-is-altered-by-chronic-stress-in-an-animal-model-of-hypodontia
#7
Rodrigo Alberto Restrepo Fernández, Yamba Carla Lara Pereira, Daniela Mizusaki Iyomasa, Ricardo Alexandre Calzzani, Christie Ramos Andrade Leite-Panissi, Mamie Mizusaki Iyomasa, Glauce Crivelaro Nascimento
Psychological stress is an important perpetuating, worsening and risk factor for temporomandibular disorders of muscular or articular origin. Occlusion instability, by the way, is considered a risk factor of this pathology and can be reproduced in some experimental animal models. The exact physiologic mechanism underlying these relations however, remains unclear. Our purpose was to test the hypothesis that chronic stress and unilateral exodontia induce metabolic and vascular changes in the medial pterygoid muscle of rats...
March 1, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204220/impact-of-post-exodontia-bleeding-in-cardiovascular-patients-a-new-classification-proposal
#8
REVIEW
T Lillis, M Didagelos, L Lillis, C Theodoridis, H Karvounis, A Ziakas
Background: Exodontia (dental extraction), being the most frequent minor surgical procedure in the general population, inevitably involves a large number of patients on antithrombotic medication. Current experience shows that there is a degree of confusion in managing these patients. Description: Post-exodontia bleeding, a natural consequence of every dental extraction with no or minor clinical significance in the vast majority of cases, often appears to be of major concern to both patients and healthcare practitioners (dentists or physicians), either because of the alarming nature of oral bleeding itself or because of the distorted perception about its importance...
2017: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936297/dental-management-in-patients-with-antiplatelet-therapy-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Luis-Miguel Sáez-Alcaide, Cristina Sola-Martín, Pedro Molinero-Mourelle, Victor Paredes-Rodríguez, Carmen Zarrias-Caballero, Gonzalo Hernández-Vallejo
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are the most frequent cause of death in the Western world. Its treatment frequently needs therapy with antiplatelet agents, which increases the haemorrhage risk after oral surgical procedures. The aim of this study is to present a review on the dental management of the patients under antiplatelet treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review was carried out following PRISMA recommendations including studies searched in Pubmed-Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682538/-geostatics-in-minimally-invasive-surgical-exodontias
#10
Hua Chengge
Minimally invasive technology is popularly applied in alveolar surgery. However, constrained by the traditional mechanics principle, minimally invasive techniques are not thoroughly implemented in complicated procedures, such as impacted tooth extraction. In these procedures, bone injury is difficult to restrict to the mildest degree. In this paper, the basic principle of geostatics is applied to analyze the obstacles and their elimination in tooth extraction to provide the foundation for minimally invasive tooth extraction...
April 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675009/-alteration-of-metabolic-characteristics-on-the-masseter-muscle-fiber-of-unilateral-chewing-rats-and-its-adenosine-monophosphate-activated-protein-kinase-regulatory-mechanism
#11
Shi Andi, Zeng Lin, Liu Jing
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the influence of unilateral chewing on metabolic characteristics of masseter muscle fibers in rats and the regulatory effect of an adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) signal pathway on metabolism. METHODS: Rats were submitted to exodontia of all the right maxillary molars and divided into 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks groups, and corresponding control groups were set as well. Sections were stained by nicotine adenine dinucleotide tetrazolim reductase(NADH-TRase) to demonstrate the types, proportion, and density of masseter muscle fibers...
June 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643913/effect-of-exogenous-retinoic-acid-on-tooth-movement-and-periodontium-healing-following-tooth-extraction-in-a-rat-model
#12
C Nishio, P Rompré, F Moldovan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of isotretinoin on orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) and wound healing following exodontia. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Sixteen 40-day-old male Wistar rats were divided into two groups: (a) OTM and (b) tooth extraction (TE) of the upper 1st molar and OTM. The experimental animals were treated with isotretinoin (7.5 mg/kg) and the control animals with oil solution for 37 days. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The OTM and bone volume were evaluated by the micro-CT and the periodontium healing was assessed by immunohistochemistry for VEGF-C, COX-2 and IL-1ß...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428567/novel-oral-anticoagulants-and-exodontia-the-evidence
#13
REVIEW
S Nathwani, C Wanis
Background Haemostasis is crucial for the success of oral surgical treatment as bleeding problems can cause complications both pre- and post-operatively. Patients on anticoagulant drugs present a challenge due to their increased risk of bleeding.Aims To review the evidence for the management of oral surgery patients on novel oral anticoagulant therapy.Methods A literature review was conducted in May 2016 of free-text and MESH searches (keywords: apixaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and dental extractions) in the Cochrane Library, PubMed and CINAHL...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361032/radiographic-and-computed-tomography-monitoring-of-a-fractured-needle-fragment-in-the-mandibular-branch
#14
Maria Isabel de Oliveira E Britto Villalobos, Thaisa Cristina Gomes Ferreira Leite, Samila Gonçalves Barra, Daniela Teresa Pinto da Cunha Werneche, Flavio Ricardo Manzi, Claudia Assunção E Alves Cardoso
Some complications can arise with the usage of local anesthesia for dental procedures, including the fracture of needles in the patient. This is a rare incident, usually caused by the patient's sudden movements during anesthetic block. Its complications are not common, but can include pain, trismus, inflammation in the region, difficulty in swallowing, and migration of the object, which is the least common but has the ability to cause more serious damage to the patient. This report describes a case in which, after the fracture of the anesthetic needle used during alveolar nerve block for exodontia of the left mandibular third molar, the fragment moved significantly in the first 2 months, before stabilizing after the third month of radiographic monitoring...
March 2017: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357004/perceptions-of-teaching-methods-for-preclinical-oral-surgery-a-comparison-with-learning-styles
#15
EDITORIAL
Esam Omar
PURPOSE: Dental extraction is a routine part of clinical dental practice. For this reason, understanding the way how students' extraction knowledge and skills development are important. PROBLEM STATEMENT AND OBJECTIVES: To date, there is no accredited statement about the most effective method for the teaching of exodontia to dental students. Students have different abilities and preferences regarding how they learn and process information. This is defined as learning style...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126996/awareness-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-mronj-amongst-general-dental-practitioners
#16
N Tanna, C Steel, S Stagnell, E Bailey
Background Recent evidence suggests that medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) can be caused by a number of anti-resorptive and anti-angiongenic agents not limited to bisphosphonates. A working knowledge of these medications is important for dental practitioners.Methods A total of 129 general dental practitioners (GDPs) were surveyed regarding their awareness of MRONJ and its causes.Results More than 90% of the GDPs sampled were unaware of anti-resorptive and anti-angiogenic medications other than bisphosphonates that had the potential to cause MRONJ...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995728/do-dental-undergraduates-think-that-thiel-embalmed-cadavers-are-a-more-realistic-model-for-teaching-exodontia
#17
C Hanson, T Wilkinson, M Macluskey
INTRODUCTION: Teaching exodontia to novice undergraduates requires a realistic model. Thiel-embalmed cadavers retain the flexibility of the soft tissues and could be used to teach exodontia. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether Thiel-embalmed cadavers were perceived to be a more realistic model by undergraduates in comparison with mannequins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a period of 4 years (2011-2014), students were randomly assigned into two groups: those taught exodontia on mannequins only (NT) and those who also experienced cadaveric teaching (T)...
February 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917574/student-perceptions-of-exodontia-competency-assessment-in-a-uk-dental-school
#18
R Redford, C Durkan, V Sivarajasingam, C Emanuel
INTRODUCTION: Modern medical and dental training has migrated from assessing only the quantity of procedures performed to a combined assessment of both competency and quantity. This study explores student perceptions of competency assessment in exodontia at a UK dental school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anonymous questionnaires were distributed to dental students in years three, four and five at the School of Dentistry, Cardiff University (n=149). Responses consisted of dichotomous tick boxes and 5-point Likert scales, with thematic analysis of free-text responses...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883909/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-a-fatty-acid-mixture-with-high-%C3%AF-9-%C3%AF-6-ratio-and-low-%C3%AF-6-%C3%AF-3-ratio-on-rats-submitted-to-dental-extraction
#19
Radamés Bezerra Melo, Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva, Reinaldo Barreto Oriá, José Ulisses de Souza Melo, Conceição da Silva Martins, Aline Matos Cunha, Paulo Roberto Leitão Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of pretreatment for three days with a fatty acid mixture with high ω-9:ω-6 ratio and low ω-6:ω-3 ratio on rats submitted to dental extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats (270-310g) were randomly distributed in four groups (n=8/group): the sham control group and the negative control group received saline; the high omega-6/low omega-9 group received isolipid fatty acid with high ω-6:ω-3 ratio and low ω-9:ω-6 ratio; the high omega-3/low omega-6 group received fatty acid with low ω-6:ω-3 ratio and high ω-9:ω-6 ratio...
February 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660249/identifying-the-risk-factors-causing-iatrogenic-mandibular-fractures-associated-with-exodontia-a-systemic-meta-analysis-of-200-cases-from-1953-to-2015
#20
Ajit Joshi, Manu Goel, Ashutosh Thorat
PURPOSE: Iatrogenic fracture of mandible (IFM) associated with exodontia though rare, they do occur with an incidence ranging from 0.0034 to 0.0075 %. Most of the data is in the form of case reports or a small case series. This is an attempt to amass the data available in literature since the last 62 years. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to identify the etiologies and risk factors leading to IFM associated with exodontia and also the measures to minimize the complication. METHODS: Articles published between 1953 and 2015 were searched in Medline database...
December 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
keyword
keyword
55802
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"