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american society of echocardiography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895720/increased-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-brazilian-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Maria Fernanda Gontijo Sepulveda Fusaro, Jovita Lane Soares Santos Zanini, Ivani Novato Silva
BACKGROUND: Increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, is an independent predictor of future cardiovascular events, and has been reported in children with various chronic diseases, including type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). OBJECTIVES: Evaluate CIMT and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in Brazilian adolescents with DM1. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 118 adolescents, 57 with DM1 and no chronic complications related to the disease, and 61 healthy individuals...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880640/the-clinical-use-of-stress-echocardiography-in-non-ischaemic-heart-disease-recommendations-from-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging-and-the-american-society-of-echocardiography
#2
Patrizio Lancellotti, Patricia A Pellikka, Werner Budts, Farooq A Chaudhry, Erwan Donal, Raluca Dulgheru, Thor Edvardsen, Madalina Garbi, Jong-Won Ha, Garvan C Kane, Joe Kreeger, Luc Mertens, Philippe Pibarot, Eugenio Picano, Thomas Ryan, Jeane M Tsutsui, Albert Varga
A unique and highly versatile technique, stress echocardiography (SE) is increasingly recognized for its utility in the evaluation of non-ischaemic heart disease. SE allows for simultaneous assessment of myocardial function and haemodynamics under physiological or pharmacological conditions. Due to its diagnostic and prognostic value, SE has become widely implemented to assess various conditions other than ischaemic heart disease. It has thus become essential to establish guidance for its applications and performance in the area of non-ischaemic heart disease...
November 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865722/effect-of-sex-and-sporting-discipline-on-lv%C3%A2-adaptation-to-exercise
#3
Gherardo Finocchiaro, Harshil Dhutia, Andrew D'Silva, Aneil Malhotra, Alexandros Steriotis, Lynne Millar, Keerthi Prakash, Rajay Narain, Michael Papadakis, Rajan Sharma, Sanjay Sharma
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the effect of different types of exercise on left ventricular (LV) geometry in a large group of female and male athletes. BACKGROUND: Studies assessing cardiac adaptation in female and male athletes indicate that female athletes reveal smaller increases in LV wall thickness and cavity size compared with male athletes. However, data on sex-specific changes in LV geometry in athletes are scarce. METHODS: A total of 1,083 healthy, elite, white athletes (41% female; mean age 21...
November 11, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822623/-esc-and-aha-guidelines-2015-on-endocarditis-in-competition-or-synchrony
#4
Bernhard Maisch
In the 2015 guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) on infective endocarditis, the diagnostics are based on the modified Duke criteria. The diagnosis can be confirmed by a combination of micro-organisms demonstrated in culture or in situ, with the detection of valvular lesions or abscess formation by an imaging modality using echocardiography, positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET/CT), cardio-CT or nuclear medical methods. The management should be further improved by an interdisciplinary endocarditis team in a specifically designated reference center...
December 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754090/os-20-04-higher-blood-pressure-during-light-exercise-is-associated-with-increased-left-ventricular-mass-in-normotensive-subjects
#5
Min Seok Oh, Jidong Sung, Soojin Cho, Kyung Pyo Hong
OBJECTIVE: Exaggerated blood pressure (BP) response during exercise test reflects future risk of hypertension and has been shown to be related to increased left ventricular mass (LVM) in hypertensive patients. However, it is not known whether there is such a relationship in normotensives. The objective of this study is to investigate whether exercise BP response is related to left ventricular mass in normotensive subjects. DESIGN AND METHOD: Among the normotensive (systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 120 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) < 80 mmHg and no history of antihypertensive treatments or clinical cardiovascular diseases) subjects who underwent routine health screening, both exercise test and echocardiography results were available in 7607 men and women...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721954/comprehensive-echocardiographic-assessment-of-the-right-ventricle-in-murine-models
#6
Andrew Kohut, Nishi Patel, Harpreet Singh
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive high-resolution echocardiography to evaluate cardiovascular function of small animals is increasingly being used due to availability of genetically engineered murine models. Even though guidelines and standard values for humans were revised by the American Society of Echocardiography, evaluations on murine models are not performed according to any standard protocols. These limitations are preventing translation of preclinical evaluations to clinical meaningful conclusions...
September 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712807/what-does-the-restructure-of-the-american-society-of-echocardiography-board-mean-for-sonographers
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643015/os-20-04-higher-blood-pressure-during-light-exercise-is-associated-with-increased-left-ventricular-mass-in-normotensive-subjects
#8
Min Seok Oh, Jidong Sung, Soojin Cho, Kyung Pyo Hong
OBJECTIVE: Exaggerated blood pressure (BP) response during exercise test reflects future risk of hypertension and has been shown to be related to increased left ventricular mass (LVM) in hypertensive patients. However, it is not known whether there is such a relationship in normotensives. The objective of this study is to investigate whether exercise BP response is related to left ventricular mass in normotensive subjects. DESIGN AND METHOD: Among the normotensive (systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 120 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) < 80 mmHg and no history of antihypertensive treatments or clinical cardiovascular diseases) subjects who underwent routine health screening, both exercise test and echocardiography results were available in 7607 men and women...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617906/does-the-different-type-of-pulmonary-hypertension-cause-the-same-effect-on-right-heart-and-serum-asymmetrical-dimethylarg%C3%A4-n%C3%A4-ne-levels-in-female-patients
#9
G Taçoy, H D Başer, A Çengel, K Başer, Ö Kuş, A F Tuncel, A Bolayır, H Paşaoğlu, B Boyaci, R Yalçın
Objective: Right heart function is a major determinant of clinical outcome in patients with elevated pulmonary artery pressure due to pulmonary venous hypertension (PVH) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. In our study, we aimed to evaluate if different type of pulmonary hypertension (PH) cause the same effect on right heart functions and serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels in female patients...
March 14, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608348/novel-transoesophageal-echocardiographic-views-attain-superior-incident-angles-for-tricuspid-but-not-pulmonary-valvular-doppler-interrogation
#10
C O Tan, R T C Hu, I Harley, L Weinberg
For accurate spectral Doppler valvular evaluation, intraoperative sonographers must use transoesophageal echocardiographic (TOE) views that offer optimal incident angles. We hypothesised that views added to the 2013 American Society of Echocardiography/Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists (ASE/SCA) standard views and other novel views we have described of the tricuspid (TV) and pulmonary valves (PV) offered superior incident angles to those included in the original 1999 ASE/SCA recommendations for comprehensive intraoperative TOE examination...
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589574/the-role-of-invasive-diagnostics-and-its-impact-on-the-treatment-of-dilated-cardiomyopathy-a-systematic-review
#11
Katarzyna E Gil, Agnieszka Pawlak, Robert J Gil, Małgorzata Frontczak-Baniewicz, Jacek Bil
BACKGROUND: Dilated cardiomyopathy is one of the most frequent causes of non-ischemic heart failure. Many factors including genetic disorders, infectious agents, toxins, drugs and autoimmune disorders might take part in the development of dilated cardiomyopathy. Diagnosis of left ventricular dilatation is most often limited to performing echocardiography and excluding ischemic etiology (coronary angiography). Since many pathologies take place at the cellular and subcellular level the only way to clarify the etiology of the disease is to examine the myocardium itself (endomyocardial biopsy)...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552988/prognostic-value-of-new-left-atrial-volume-index-severity-partition-cutoffs-after-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#12
Davide Lazzeroni, Nicola Gaibazzi, Matteo Bini, Giacomo Bussolati, Umberto Camaiora, Roberto Cassi, Simone Geroldi, Pietro Tito Ugolotti, Lorenzo Brambilla, Valerio Brambilla, Paolo Castiglioni, Paolo Coruzzi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that left atrial enlargement is an independent marker of adverse outcomes in both primary and secondary cardiovascular prevention. However, no data are available on long-term outcomes in patients undergoing valve surgery and/or coronary artery by-pass graft (CABG) surgery. Aim of the study was to evaluate long-term prognostic role of left atrial volume index (LAVi) after cardiac surgery, using the cutoff values recently proposed by the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging and American Society of Echocardiography...
2016: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549914/dyspnea-in-community-dwelling-older-persons-a-multifactorial-geriatric-health-condition
#13
Brienne Miner, Mary E Tinetti, Peter H Van Ness, Ling Han, Linda Leo-Summers, Anne B Newman, Patty J Lee, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the associations between a broad array of cardiorespiratory and noncardiorespiratory impairments and dyspnea in older persons. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Cardiovascular Health Study. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling persons (N = 4,413; mean age 72.6, 57.1% female, 4.5% African American, 27.2% <high school education, 54.7% ever-smokers). MEASUREMENTS: Dyspnea severity (moderate to severe defined as American Thoracic Society Grade ≥2) and several impairments, including those established using spirometry (forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 )), maximal inspiratory pressure (respiratory muscle strength), echocardiography, ankle-brachial index, blood pressure, whole-body muscle mass (bioelectrical impedance), single chair stand (lower extremity function), grip strength, serum hemoglobin and creatinine, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Mini-Mental State Examination, medication use, and body mass index (BMI)...
October 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541718/the-use-of-standard-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-ultrasound-to-assess-cardiac-anatomy
#14
Kinza Sentissi, Mandeep S Sawhney, Douglas Pleskow, Paul Sepe, Jose M Mella, Benjamin Kwittken, Gyanprakash Ketwaroo, Balachundhar Subramaniam
In this prospective observational study, conducted at an academic medical center, we evaluated the feasibility of performing a basic transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) examination using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) technology to determine what cardiac structures could be assessed. This may be potentially beneficial during hemodynamic emergencies in the endoscopy suite resulting from hypovolemia, depressed ventricular function, aortic dissection, pericardial effusions, or aortic stenosis. Of the 20 patients enrolled, 18 underwent EUS with a linear echoendoscope for standard clinical indications followed by a cardiac assessment performed under the guidance of a TEE-certified cardiac anesthesiologist...
September 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523266/determinants-of-pediatric-echocardiography-laboratory-productivity-analysis-from-the-second-survey-of-the-american-society-of-echocardiography-committee-on-echocardiography-laboratory-productivity
#15
Shubhika Srivastava, Vivekanand Allada, Adel Younoszai, Leo Lopez, Brian D Soriano, Craig E Fleishman, Andrea M Van Hoever, Wyman W Lai
BACKGROUND: The American Society of Echocardiography Committee on Pediatric Echocardiography Laboratory Productivity aimed to study factors that could influence the clinical productivity of physicians and sonographers and assess longitudinal trends for the same. The first survey results indicated that productivity correlated with the total volume of echocardiograms. METHODS: Survey questions were designed to assess productivity for (1) physician full-time equivalent (FTE) allocated to echocardiography reading (echocardiograms per physician FTE per day), (2) sonographer FTE (echocardiograms per sonographer FTE per year), and (3) machine utilization (echocardiograms per machine per year)...
October 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519172/echocardiographic-diagnosis-of-the-different-phenotypes-of-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#16
REVIEW
Vito Maurizio Parato, Valeria Antoncecchi, Fabiola Sozzi, Stefania Marazia, Annapaola Zito, Maria Maiello, Pasquale Palmiero
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an inherited cardiovascular disorder of great genetic heterogeneity and has a prevalence of 0.1 - 0.2 % in the general population. Several hundred mutations in more than 27 genes, most of which encode sarcomeric structures, are associated with the HCM phenotype. Then, HCM is an extremely heterogeneous disease and several phenotypes have been described over the years. Originally only two phenotypes were considered, a more common, obstructive type (HOCM, 70 %) and a less common, non-obstructive type (HNCM, 30 %) (Maron BJ, et al...
2016: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487776/application-of-a-simplified-definition-of-diastolic-function-in-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#17
Michael J Lanspa, Andrea R Gutsche, Emily L Wilson, Troy D Olsen, Eliotte L Hirshberg, Daniel B Knox, Samuel M Brown, Colin K Grissom
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is common in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock, but the best approach to categorization is unknown. We assessed the association of common measures of diastolic function with clinical outcomes and tested the utility of a simplified definition of diastolic dysfunction against the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) 2009 definition. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, patients with severe sepsis or septic shock underwent transthoracic echocardiography within 24 h of onset of sepsis (median 4...
August 4, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457966/right-heart-function-deteriorates-in-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-anthracycline-based-chemotherapy
#18
Kevin Emery Boczar, Olexiy Aseyev, Jeffrey Sulpher, Christopher Johnson, Ian G Burwash, Michele Turek, Susan Dent, Girish Dwivedi
BACKGROUND: Cardiotoxicity from anthracycline-based chemotherapy is an important cause of early and late morbidity and mortality in breast cancer patients. Left ventricular (LV) function is assessed for patients receiving anthracycline-based chemotherapy to identify cardiotoxicity. However, animal studies suggest that right ventricular (RV) function may be a more sensitive measure to detect LV dysfunction. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine if breast cancer patients undergoing anthracycline-based chemotherapy experience RV dysfunction...
September 2016: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424030/corrigendum
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422899/recommendations-for-the-evaluation-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-by-echocardiography-an-update-from-the-american-society-of-echocardiography-and-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging
#20
Sherif F Nagueh, Otto A Smiseth, Christopher P Appleton, Benjamin F Byrd, Hisham Dokainish, Thor Edvardsen, Frank A Flachskampf, Thierry C Gillebert, Allan L Klein, Patrizio Lancellotti, Paolo Marino, Jae K Oh, Bogdan Alexandru Popescu, Alan D Waggoner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
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