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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527022/comparison-of-echocardiographic-parameters-to-assess-right-ventricular-function-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#1
Hirohisa Amano, Shichiro Abe, Suguru Hirose, Ryutaro Waku, Taiki Masuyama, Masashi Sakuma, Shigeru Toyoda, Isao Taguchi, Teruo Inoue, Chuwa Tei
Although measurement of right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) may be relevant for evaluation of therapeutic efficacy and/or prognosis in patients with pulmonary hypertension, RVEF obtained by echocardiography has limited accuracy. In contrast, radionuclide and/or magnetic resonance imaging can measure RVEF more reliably. In this study, we investigated the relationship between RVEF measured by radionuclide angiography and the echocardiographic parameters that are recommended by the American Society of Echocardiography as representative of right heart function...
May 19, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493085/pericardial-effusion-and-cardiac-tamponade-in-the-new-millennium
#2
REVIEW
Brian D Hoit
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper is to review current approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of pericardial effusions and cardiac tamponade. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent recommendations from the American Society of Echocardiography and the European Society of Cardiology have refined our approaches to the patient with pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade, but significant knowledge gaps remain. New diagnostic and triage strategies have been proposed, and recent data have advanced our ability to assess the presence and size of a pericardial effusion, assess its hemodynamic impact, and establish its cause...
July 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442930/thoracic-epidural-analgesia-reduces-myocardial-injury-in-ischemic-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-cancer-surgery
#3
Mohamad Farouk Mohamad, Montaser A Mohammad, Diab F Hetta, Eman Hasan Ahmed, Ahmed A Obiedallah, Alaa Ali M Elzohry
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Major abdominal cancer surgeries are associated with significant perioperative mortality and morbidity due to myocardial ischemia and infarction. This study examined the effect of perioperative patient controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) on occurrence of ischemic cardiac injury in ischemic patients undergoing major abdominal cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists grade II and III) of either sex were scheduled for elective upper gastrointestinal cancer surgeries...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425226/a-review-of-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-with-new-guidelines
#4
Serdar Kula, Ayhan Pektaş
This study aims to review pediatric pulmonary hypertension (PH) by comparing the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS), the American Heart Association (AHA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network (EPPVDN). All three sets of guidelines define PH as having a mean pulmonary artery pressure of ≥25 mmHg and accept the validity of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification system. Every child with a high index of suspicion for PH should undergo an initial work-up of chest X-rays, electrocardiography, and echocardiography...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411073/arterial-stiffness-and-elevated-left-ventricular-filling-pressure-in-patients-at-risk-for-the-development-or-a-previous-diagnosis-of-hf-a-subgroup-analysis-from-the-diast-chf-study
#5
Claus Lüers, Tobias Daniel Trippel, Sebastian Seeländer, Rolf Wachter, Gerd Hasenfuss, Ruhdja Lindhorst, Anna Bobenko, Kathleen Nolte, Burkert Pieske, Frank Edelmann
Left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP) is a marker for diastolic dysfunction and heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (pEF). The interaction between arterial stiffness (AS) and elevated LVFP has not been sufficiently investigated. In 257 patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (mean age: 66 years, 53% female, mean left ventricular ejection fraction: 61%) and at least one cardiovascular risk factor (eg, hypertension and diabetes) for the development of HF or a previous diagnosis of HF, LVFP was estimated in accordance with the recommendations of the American Society of Echocardiography (elevated when E/e' ≥ 13, left atrial volume index ≥ 34 mL/m(2))...
March 27, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385280/recommendations-on-the-echocardiographic-assessment-of-aortic-valve-stenosis-a-focused-update-from-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging-and-the-american-society-of-echocardiography
#6
Helmut Baumgartner, Judy Hung, Javier Bermejo, John B Chambers, Thor Edvardsen, Steven Goldstein, Patrizio Lancellotti, Melissa LeFevre, Fletcher Miller, Catherine M Otto
Echocardiography is the key tool for the diagnosis and evaluation of aortic stenosis. Because clinical decision-making is based on the echocardiographic assessment of its severity, it is essential that standards are adopted to maintain accuracy and consistency across echocardiographic laboratories. Detailed recommendations for the echocardiographic assessment of valve stenosis were published by the European Association of Echocardiography and the American Society of Echocardiography in 2009. In the meantime, numerous new studies on aortic stenosis have been published with particular new insights into the difficult subgroup of low gradient aortic stenosis making an update of recommendations necessary...
April 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370233/the-presence-of-diastolic-and-systolic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-impaired-relaxation-filling-pattern
#7
Balaji Pratap, Kamala Ramya Kallur, Edgar Argulian
BACKGROUND: Impaired relaxation filling pattern in the presence of preserved left ventricular ejection fraction is a common finding which is ascribed to early diastolic dysfunction. We thought to determine the distribution of various markers of systolic and diastolic dysfunction in these patients. METHODS: A total of 106 patients were included in this retrospective observational study. Diastolic dysfunction was defined using the American Society of Echocardiography recommendations ("50% rule")...
April 1, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363204/recommendations-on-the-echocardiographic-assessment-of-aortic-valve-stenosis-a-focused-update-from-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging-and-the-american-society-of-echocardiography
#8
Helmut Baumgartner, Judy Hung, Javier Bermejo, John B Chambers, Thor Edvardsen, Steven Goldstein, Patrizio Lancellotti, Melissa LeFevre, Fletcher Miller, Catherine M Otto
Echocardiography is the key tool for the diagnosis and evaluation of aortic stenosis. Because clinical decision-making is based on the echocardiographic assessment of its severity, it is essential that standards are adopted to maintain accuracy and consistency across echocardiographic laboratories. Detailed recommendations for the echocardiographic assessment of valve stenosis were published by the European Association of Echocardiography and the American Society of Echocardiography in 2009. In the meantime, numerous new studies on aortic stenosis have been published with particular new insights into the difficult subgroup of low gradient aortic stenosis making an update of recommendations necessary...
March 1, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314623/recommendations-for-noninvasive-evaluation-of-native-valvular-regurgitation-a-report-from-the-american-society-of-echocardiography-developed-in-collaboration-with-the-society-for-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance
#9
William A Zoghbi, David Adams, Robert O Bonow, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, Elyse Foster, Paul A Grayburn, Rebecca T Hahn, Yuchi Han, Judy Hung, Roberto M Lang, Stephen H Little, Dipan J Shah, Stanton Shernan, Paaladinesh Thavendiranathan, James D Thomas, Neil J Weissman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298284/changes-in-body-weight-and-composition-are-associated-with-changes-in-left-ventricular-geometry-and-function-in-the-general-population-ship-study-of-health-in-pomerania
#10
Marcello Ricardo Paulista Markus, Nicole Werner, Sabine Schipf, Ulrike Siewert-Markus, Martin Bahls, Sebastian Edgar Baumeister, Henry Völzke, Stephan Burkhard Felix, Till Ittermann, Marcus Dörr
BACKGROUND: The different effects of total body weight (TBW), fat-free mass (FFM), and fat mass (FM) on left ventricular (LV) geometry and function are complex. We investigated the associations of changes over time in TBW, FM, and FFM with changes in LV geometry and function. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from 1189 subjects (694 women), aged 44 to 86 years, from the baseline and the 5-year follow-up examination of the population-based SHIP (Study of Health in Pomerania)...
March 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291663/acc-aats-aha-ase-asnc-scai-scct-sts-2017-appropriate-use-criteria-for-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with%C3%A2-stable-ischemic-heart%C3%A2-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-appropriate-use-criteria-task-force-american-association-for-thoracic
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291607/indexed-left-atrial-size-predicts-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-aortic-valve-surgery
#12
Victor X Mosquera, Alberto Bouzas-Mosquera, Miguel González-Barbeito, Victor Bautista-Hernandez, Javier Muñiz, Nemesio Alvarez-García, José J Cuenca-Castillo
OBJECTIVES: The enlargement of the left atrium has been identified as a marker of chronically increased left ventricular filling pressure and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. This study aims to evaluate the association of indexed left atrial diameter with stroke, cardiovascular mortality, the combined event, and all-cause mortality in patients who underwent aortic valve surgery. METHODS: Indexed left atrial diameter was measured in 2011 adult patients (mean age, 70...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290789/-the-evaluation-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-function-by-echocardiography-in-patients-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#13
M N Alekhin, A M Grishin, O A Petrova
OBJECTIVE: to compare non-invasive evaluation of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function (DF) by echocardiography using algorithms of the 2009 and 2016 American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)/European Association of Echocardiography (EAE, now European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging [EACVI]) Recommendations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 100 patients with sinus rhythm and preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF). In all patients LV DF was assessed using both algorithms...
February 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288761/pulmonary-hypertension-in-dogs-with-heartworm-before-and-after-the-adulticide-protocol-recommended-by-the-american-heartworm-society
#14
B Serrano-Parreño, E Carretón, A Caro-Vadillo, S Falcón-Cordón, Y Falcón-Cordón, J A Montoya-Alonso
Pulmonary hypertension (pH) is a frequent and severe phenomenon in heartworm disease (Dirofilaria immitis). There is a lack of studies assessing the evolution of the proliferative endarteritis and pH caused by D. immitis after the death of the parasites, so this study evaluated the influence that the elimination of the worms exerts over the pulmonary pressure and therefore evolution of the endarteritis, through the evaluation of the Right Pulmonary Artery Distensibility (RPAD) Index and other echocardiographic measurements in 2D mode, M-mode and Doppler echocardiography in 34 dogs naturally infected by D...
March 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265967/acc-aats-aha-ase-asnc-scai-scct-sts-2016-appropriate-use-criteria-for-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-appropriate-use-criteria-task-force-american-association-for-thoracic-surgery
#15
Manesh R Patel, John H Calhoon, Gregory J Dehmer, James Aaron Grantham, Thomas M Maddox, David J Maron, Peter K Smith
The American College of Cardiology, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, have completed a 2-part revision of the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization. In prior coronary revascularization AUC documents, indications for revascularization in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and stable ischemic heart disease were combined into 1 document. To address the expanding clinical indications for coronary revascularization, and in an effort to align the subject matter with the most current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, the new AUC for coronary artery revascularization were separated into 2 documents addressing ACS and stable ischemic heart disease individually...
April 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262911/echocardiographic-predictors-of-outcome-in-acute-heart-failure-patients-in-sub-saharan-africa-insights-from-thesus-hf
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Mahmoud U Sani, Beth A Davison, Gad Cotter, Albertino Damasceno, Bongani M Mayosi, Okechukwu S Ogah, Charles Mondo, Anastase Dzudie, Dike B Ojji, Charles Kouam Kouam, Ahmed Suliman, Gerald Yonga, Sergine Abdou Ba, Fikru Maru, Bekele Alemayehu, Christopher Edwards, Karen Sliwa
BACKGROUND: The role of echocardiography in the risk stratification of acute heart failure (HF) is unknown. Some small studies and retrospective analyses have found little change in echocardiographic variables during admission for acute HF and some echocardiographic parameters were not found to be associated with outcomes. It is unknown which echocardiographic variables will predict outcomes in sub-Saharan African patients admitted with acute HF. Using echocardiograms, this study aimed to determine the predictors of death and re-admissions within 60 days and deaths up to 180 days in patients with acute heart failure...
January 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165145/left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-impact-of-methods-of-assessment
#17
Heba Farouk, Maged Albasmi, Karim El Chilali, Kareem Mahmoud, Abdo Nasr, Hussein Heshmat, Samah Abdel-Moneim, Essam Baligh
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), using different echocardiographic parameters, varies widely in the literature. The highest prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction was detected using the mitral inflow indexes that are commonly altered in these patients due to the associated tachycardia, reduced preload, and ventricular septal shift. In this study, we aimed at evaluating the impact of the used echocardiographic method of assessment on the prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction in patients with COPD and normal LV systolic function...
March 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164802/the-clinical-use-of-stress-echocardiography-in-non-ischaemic-heart-disease-recommendations-from-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging-and-the-american-society-of-echocardiography
#18
Patrizio Lancellotti, Patricia A Pellikka, Werner Budts, Farooq A Chaudhry, Erwan Donal, Raluca Dulgheru, Thor Edvardsen, Madalina Garbi, Jong Won Ha, Garvan C Kane, Joe Kreeger, Luc Mertens, Philippe Pibarot, Eugenio Picano, Thomas Ryan, Jeane M Tsutsui, Albert Varga
A unique and highly versatile technique, stress echocardiography (SE) is increasingly recognized for its utility in the evaluation of non-ischaemic heart disease. SE allows for simultaneous assessment of myocardial function and haemodynamics under physiological or pharmacological conditions. Due to its diagnostic and prognostic value, SE has become widely implemented to assess various conditions other than ischaemic heart disease. It has thus become essential to establish guidance for its applications and performance in the area of non-ischaemic heart disease...
February 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097194/the-mystery-of-the-z-score
#19
REVIEW
Alexander E Curtis, Tanya A Smith, Bulat A Ziganshin, John A Elefteriades
Reliable methods for measuring the thoracic aorta are critical for determining treatment strategies in aneurysmal disease. Z-scores are a pragmatic alternative to raw diameter sizes commonly used in adult medicine. They are particularly valuable in the pediatric population, who undergo rapid changes in physical development. The advantage of the Z-score is its inclusion of body surface area (BSA) in determining whether an aorta is within normal size limits. Therefore, Z-scores allow us to determine whether true pathology exists, which can be challenging in growing children...
August 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040189/usefulness-of-echocardiography-doppler-to-reliably-predict-elevated-left-ventricular-end-diastolic-pressure-in-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#20
David M Cameron, Vallerie V McLaughlin, Melvyn Rubenfire, Scott Visovatti, David S Bach
The ability of echocardiography (echo)/Doppler to predict elevated left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic pressure (EDP) specifically among patients with pulmonary hypertension is not well defined. This was a retrospective analysis of 161 patients referred to a specialized pulmonary hypertension clinic. A model based on an American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)/European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) joint statement was evaluated, and a new model was developed using univariate linear regression and multivariable logistic regression for potentially better prediction of elevated LVEDP...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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